CN201715723U - Solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of high-rise building - Google Patents

Solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of high-rise building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201715723U
CN201715723U CN2010201781157U CN201020178115U CN201715723U CN 201715723 U CN201715723 U CN 201715723U CN 2010201781157 U CN2010201781157 U CN 2010201781157U CN 201020178115 U CN201020178115 U CN 201020178115U CN 201715723 U CN201715723 U CN 201715723U
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China
Prior art keywords
wind
energy
storage tank
heat
temperature sensor
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010201781157U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗小林
袁明利
邓艳
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN2010201781157U priority Critical patent/CN201715723U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

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  • Supply And Distribution Of Alternating Current (AREA)
  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of a high-rise building, in particular to a solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device. For the solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of the high-rise building, a cold-water outlet of a water storage tank is connected with a cold-water inlet of a heat collector; a hot-water inlet of the water storage tank is connected with a hot-water outlet of the heat collector; a temperature sensor and an electrical heating wire are installed in the water storage tank; the output end of a wind direct-current motor is respectively connected with a storage battery and an electrical heating wire; the output end of the temperature sensor is connected with a controller unit; the output end of the controller unit controls a contactor normally-open contact point in an electrical heating passage through a contactor coil. The solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of the high-rise building is convenient to use, has small investment, saves energy, and can ensure all-weather all-time hot-water supplying.

Description

Skyscraper solar energy and wind energy heat patching device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of skyscraper solar energy evacuated pipe heating device, particularly solar energy and wind energy heat patching device.
Background technology
A lot of water heaters is arranged in the market.Such as, electric heater, gas heater etc., but all exist not enough separately.Though electric heater can guarantee 24 hours heat supply water, consumed power is many, its power consumption cost height; And gas heater will consume non-renewable resources, contaminated environment.
Resource such as utilizable coal reduces gradually on the earth; and the gas that resource such as coal gives off pollutes the environment; cause very big influence for human living environment; China carries out energy-saving and cost-reducing policy now; exploitation green energy resource and secondary energy sources; become human must go in the face of and the problem that solves, with solving energy crisis.
The skyscraper roof is owing to be subjected to area limited, be difficult to guarantee when using solar water heater round-the-clock, all the period of time hot water supply; The skyscraper roof has extraordinary wind resource, but is not all well utilized at present, the solar energy and the wind energy heat patching device that therefore need the suitable skyscraper of exploitation to use.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of skyscraper solar energy and wind energy heat patching device, and it is easy to use, small investment, water saving, can guarantee round-the-clock, all the period of time hot water supply.
Solving the technical scheme that technical problem of the present utility model adopts is: the cold water of storage tank brings out and mouthful is connected with the heat collector cold water inlet, the hot water end entrance of storage tank is connected with the heat collector hot water outlet, temperature sensor and electrical heating wire are housed in the storage tank, the output of wind-force dc generator connects battery and electrical heating wire respectively, the output of temperature sensor connects controller unit, and the contactor normally opened contact that is arranged in the electrical heating wire path is controlled in the output of controller unit by contactor coil.
The described controller unit that is connected with temperature sensor output is made up of current amplifier, A/D converter, single-chip microcomputer, D/A converter and comparator, current amplifier amplifies the signal of temperature sensor, A/D converter becomes data signal with the analog signal conversion of amplifying, single-chip microcomputer storage data and Digital Signal Processing to importing, D/A converter converts the data signal of single-chip microcomputer to analog signal, and comparator is transferred to contactor coil to the signal contrast of storage data and input and with starting current; The two poles of the earth of battery are connected with the battery control module, by the voltage detecting and controling circuit that is parallel to the battery two ends, be connected on the switching device of charge circuit and be series at the output loop switching device and form, voltage detecting and controling circuit is to charging and output voltage detects and start or disconnect the switching device of correspondence.
Input and output side at battery all is equipped with air switch, contactor normally opened contact two ends in the electrical heating wire path have access to air switch, single-chip microcomputer in the controller unit adopts 8031, the temperature sensor model is that KC503H395FM and temperature-measuring range are-10 ℃~100 ℃, and wind-force DC generation acc power is 11KW.
A series of heat collectors are the cascaded structure that heats step by step, and the cold water of storage tank brings out the cold water inlet that mouth is higher than the heat collector group, and the hot water outlet of heat collector group is higher than the hot water end entrance of storage tank, are provided with lightning rod on the storage tank top.
In fine day, the vacuum tube of heat collector absorbs solar energy, when the cold water of storage tank passes through the vacuum tube of heat collector, the vacuum tube of heat collector generates heat owing to absorbing solar energy, heat to cold water, the outlet of heat collector is connected on the upper end of storage tank through a manual ball valve, and hot water flow into the upper end of storage tank.If the heat that solar energy provides is only about 50 ℃, 60 ℃ from most of user's customs also have certain distance, even crossed that temperature still maintains about 50 ℃ about 10 minutes, at this time the temperature signal of temperature sensor will be passed to controller unit, controller unit will be exported an instruction, contactor coil will start, and the contactor normally opened contact of wind-force dc generator output will be closed, and wind energy provides electric current will for the electrical heating wire of storage tank.Overcast and rainy the time, air switch on the wind-force dc generator output channel that manually closes, wind energy will provide electric current to electrical heating wire.Overcast and rainy the time, if wind speed is very little, the air switch on the battery output channel that then can manually close, the electric energy of accumulators store just can be given the electrical heating wire heating of storage tank.Determining of the power of wind-driven generator: calculating a skyscraper with the area, Kunming has 25 floor height, and there are 2 families in every floor room, and each household has 3 people, and 50 kilograms of everyone bathing waters are all had a bath for each person every day.Generally in the time of 60 ℃, just can have a bath, solar thermal collector heating makes the glassware for drinking water temperature of having a surplus when overcast and rainy, if temperature is 30 ℃, then according to heat formula c*m* t=4.2*10^3J/kg* ℃ of * 50*3*50* of Δ (60-30)=9.45*10^8J, wind-driven generator generating in a day 24 hours, its power P * 24*60*60=9.45*10^8J, then P=10937.5W is 11KW so this skyscraper can be equipped with the wind-power electricity generation acc power.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1,24 hours heat supply water of whole day.When solar energy can provide suitable temperature hot water, just use solar energy.If when solar energy can not provide suitable hot water temperature, just use wind energy plant that suitable hot water is provided.
2 reduce environmental pollution.Because wind energy and solar energy are regenerative resources, can not produce negative influence to environment.
3. energy savings.When it is fine, use solar energy heating, overcast and rainy the time, owing to certain surplus temperature is arranged during solar energy heating, what will temperature during the wind energy heating rise is faster.Calculate with the area, Kunming: a skyscraper has 25 floor height, and there are 2 families in every floor room, and each household has 3 people, and 50 kilograms of everyone bathing waters are all had a bath for each person every day.Kunming temperature on average generally just can be had a bath in the time of 60 ℃ for 15 ℃, then according to heat formula c*m* t=4.2*10^3J/kg* ℃ of * 50*3*50* of Δ (60-15)=1417.5*10^6J, then the electric energy that consumed in a day is: the W=1417.5*10^6J/3.6*10^6=393.75 degree.Then the electricity charge in a day are=196.875 yuan of 0.5 yuan/degree of 393.75 degree *, and then 1 year average energy charge of each household is a 196.875*365/50=1437.1875 unit.Because the wind energy and the solar energy of the utility model composite set have replaced conventional energy resource-electric energy, so can save about 1438 yuan in 1 year for each household family.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 wind-force heat patching device of the present utility model controller unit schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 accumulator cell charging and discharging controller circuitry of the present utility model schematic diagram.
Among the figure: lightning rod 1, emit pore 2, ball valve 3, ball valve 4, heat collector 5, ball valve 6, electrical heating wire 7, temperature sensor 8, ball valve 9, earthing or grounding means 10, air cock (QF1) 11, air switch 12, air switch (QF2) 13, earthing or grounding means 14, wind wheel apparatus 15, wind-force dc generator 16, controller unit 17, ball valve 18, ball valve 19, contactor coil (KM1) 20, connector 21, air switch (QF3) 22, battery control module 23, battery 24, vacuum tube 25, storage tank 26, cold water bring out mouth 27, hot water end entrance 28, contactor normally opened contact (KM1) 29, comparator 30, D/A converter 31,8031 single-chip microcomputers 32, current amplifier 33, A/D converter 34, switching device (K1) 35, switching device (K2) 36, voltage detecting and controling circuit 37.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, in the time of capital construction, on roof ground, install the angle bar steelframe, the heat collector 5 that has vacuum tube is welded on the angle bar steelframe, storage tank 26 is contained on the solid round platform that builds with concrete pedestal, on storage tank 26, adorn a lightning rod 1, the lightning protection that lightning rod 1 usefulness steel bar connects on the wall is online, and is the mode with welding.The storage tank cold water mouth of pipe is received on the heat collector 5 through ball valve 3 and 4, the cold water of storage tank brings out mouthful 27 cold water inlet A height than heat collector 5, cold water relies on gravity to flow in the vacuum tube 25 of heat collector 5, the hot water end entrance 28 of storage tank 26 is lower than the hot water outlet B of heat collector 5, the density of hot water is lower than cold water, can more successfully flow in the storage tank 26.See Fig. 2 for details, in fine day, if solar energy is not enough to the heat that provides enough, the temperature of water is kept about 50 ℃ did not have any variation in 10 minutes, temperature sensor 8 will detect a temperature value, and this signal is passed to controller unit 17, and controller unit 17 will send one by the instruction of setting in advance and drive signal in single-chip microcomputer 32, contactor coil 20 (KM1) gets electric, contactor normally opened contact 29 (KM1) closure of wind-force dc generator 16.The heating wire 7 that is provided with in the storage tank 26 gets hot water in the electrical heating storage tank, and the heating wire skin has a protective sleeve, and the rated voltage of electrical heating wire is 60V, and is connected to protective earthing device 10, in case leak-stopping.Overcast and rainy the time, wind wheel apparatus 15 is because the dynamic action of wind, drag 16 rotations of wind-force dc generator, mechanical energy becomes electric energy, when manually closing air switch 11 (QF1), electric energy is provided on the one hand electrical heating wire 7, the direct current that sends of wind-force dc generator 16 is used for accumulators 24 chargings on the other hand, and the rated voltage of battery is 60V.See Fig. 3 for details, battery 24 disposes battery control module 23, battery is protected, if charging voltage is greater than the rated voltage of battery 24 time, the voltage detecting and controling circuit 37 of battery control module 23 will start the protection action, cuts off the switching device 35 (K1) on the charge circuit; If charging voltage less than the rated voltage of battery 24 time, is then cut off output loop switching device 36 (K2).Battery 24 is contained in indoor, with the protection battery.If wind speed is little, when being not enough to drag 16 rotations of wind-force dc generator, the air switch 13 and 22 that can manually close (being QF2 and QF3) heats electrical heating wire 7 with battery 24 electric energy stored.Hot water through heating enters resident family through ball valve 9 and 18, and resident family promptly can use hot water.
Each main element type selecting of this device is: it is KC503H395FM that temperature sensor 8 adopts model, and temperature-measuring range is-10 ℃~100 ℃; Wind-force dc generator 16 power are 11KW; Vacuum tube 25 models are Φ 50, long 1.8m.

Claims (4)

1. skyscraper solar energy and wind energy heat patching device, it is characterized in that: the cold water of storage tank brings out mouth and is connected with the heat collector cold water inlet, the hot water end entrance of storage tank is connected with the heat collector hot water outlet, temperature sensor and electrical heating wire are housed in the storage tank, the output of wind-force dc generator connects battery and electrical heating wire respectively, the output of temperature sensor connects controller unit, and the contactor normally opened contact that is arranged in the electrical heating wire path is controlled in the output of controller unit by contactor coil.
2. by described skyscraper solar energy of claim 1 and wind energy heat patching device, it is characterized in that: the controller unit that is connected with temperature sensor output is by current amplifier, A/D converter, single-chip microcomputer, D/A converter and comparator are formed, current amplifier amplifies the signal of temperature sensor, A/D converter becomes data signal with the analog signal conversion of amplifying, single-chip microcomputer storage data and Digital Signal Processing to importing, D/A converter converts the data signal of single-chip microcomputer to analog signal, and comparator is transferred to contactor coil to the signal contrast of storage data and input and with starting current; The two poles of the earth of battery are connected with the battery control module, by the voltage detecting and controling circuit that is parallel to the battery two ends, be connected on the switching device of charge circuit and be series at the output loop switching device and form, voltage detecting and controling circuit is to charging and output voltage detects and start or disconnect the switching device of correspondence.
3. by described skyscraper solar energy of claim 2 and wind energy heat patching device, it is characterized in that: the input and output side at battery all is equipped with air switch, contactor normally opened contact two ends in the electrical heating wire path have access to air switch, single-chip microcomputer in the controller unit adopts 8031, the temperature sensor model is that KC503H395FM and temperature-measuring range are-10 ℃~100 ℃, and wind-force DC generation acc power is 11KW.
4. by described skyscraper solar energy of claim 2 and wind energy heat patching device, it is characterized in that: the cascaded structure of a series of heat collectors for heating step by step, the cold water of storage tank brings out the cold water inlet that mouth is higher than the heat collector group, the hot water outlet of heat collector group is higher than the hot water end entrance of storage tank, is provided with lightning rod on the storage tank top.
CN2010201781157U 2010-05-04 2010-05-04 Solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of high-rise building Expired - Fee Related CN201715723U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201781157U CN201715723U (en) 2010-05-04 2010-05-04 Solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of high-rise building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201781157U CN201715723U (en) 2010-05-04 2010-05-04 Solar-energy and wind-energy heat-filling device of high-rise building

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109185965A (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-01-11 昆明理工大学 A kind of energy mix and the integrated self-circulation heating system of house

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109185965A (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-01-11 昆明理工大学 A kind of energy mix and the integrated self-circulation heating system of house

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110119

Termination date: 20130504