CN201709312U - Grain drier - Google Patents

Grain drier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201709312U
CN201709312U CN2010202537583U CN201020253758U CN201709312U CN 201709312 U CN201709312 U CN 201709312U CN 2010202537583 U CN2010202537583 U CN 2010202537583U CN 201020253758 U CN201020253758 U CN 201020253758U CN 201709312 U CN201709312 U CN 201709312U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mesh screen
unit room
hot blast
rack
feed hopper
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010202537583U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭法耀
Original Assignee
郭法耀
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郭法耀 filed Critical 郭法耀
Priority to CN2010202537583U priority Critical patent/CN201709312U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201709312U publication Critical patent/CN201709312U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model discloses a grain drier, which comprises a machine room, a hot air storage tank, a feed hopper and a discharge hopper, wherein the feed hopper and the discharge hopper are respectively connected with the machine room; the hot air storage tank is installed on the machine room; a push-and-pull lifting rack is installed inside the machine room; a mesh screen is installed on the push-and-pull lifting rack; a plurality of blowpipes are arranged inside the mesh screen; and one end of the mesh screen is connected with the feed hopper, and the other end of the mesh screen is connected with the discharge hopper. In the grain drier, the mesh screen is installed inside the machine room, the mesh screen is fixedly installed on the push-and-pull lifting rack, and one end of the mesh screen on the push-and-pull lifting rack is lower than the other end; after grains enter the mesh screen through the feed hopper, hot air that is stored in the hot air storage tank in advance is blown in the mesh screen by the blowpipes so as to dry the grains on the mesh screen; meanwhile, a speed regulation motor is utilized to drive the push-and-pull lifting rack to reciprocate, so as to enable impurities in the grains to be discharged through mesh screen holes and also enable the grains to move from a higher end to a lower end; and finally, the grains enter the discharge hopper, and the drying treatment for the grains is completed. Compared with the prior art, the grain drier has the advantages of simple structure, low power consumption, high heat utilization rate, good drying effect and the like.

Description

A kind of foodstuff drying device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of foodstuff drying device, is mainly used in the oven dry of particle crops such as paddy, wheat, corn, Chinese sorghum, soybean, peanut and seed.
Background technology
As everyone knows, grain heat-drying is very important technical process in the foodstuff preservation work, because fresh grain moisture content is far longer than the safe moisture that storage requires, therefore can create moistening growing environment to mould, grain goes mouldy easily, and its quality can be destroyed.In addition,, also can produce heat, thereby cause egg hatch in the grain, strengthen the destruction of disease and pest because moisture content is too high in the grain.Therefore, the drying of grain before storage is very important.
Yet present foodstuff drying device exists all generally that complex structure, volume are big, the heat energy utilization rate is low, power consumption big and problem such as drying effect difference.
Summary of the invention
For this reason, the applicant has proposed a kind of foodstuff drying device of consume energy low, simple in structure, environmental protection and good drying effect.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is mainly by the following technical solutions:
A kind of foodstuff drying device, comprise unit room (1), hot blast storage bin (2), feed hopper (3) and discharge bucket (11), described feed hopper (3), discharge bucket (11) are connected with unit room (1) respectively, hot blast storage bin (2) is installed on the unit room (1), one lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17) is installed in the described unit room (1), on this lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17) mesh screen (16) is installed, be provided with a plurality of Blowing drums (22) in the described mesh screen (16), and mesh screen (16) one ends are connected with feed hopper (3), and an end is connected with discharge bucket (11).
Be provided with fan (15) in the wherein said Blowing drum (22), described fan (15) is connected by the rotating shaft Blowing drum motor (5) outer with being arranged on unit room (1).
Comb loose device (4) is installed in the wherein said feed hopper (3).
Wherein said unit room (1) is outer to be equipped with a governor motor (6), and this governor motor (6) is connected with lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17), moves reciprocatingly in unit room (1) to drive lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17).
Be connected with a hot blast device for blowing on the wherein said hot blast storage bin (2), this hot blast device for blowing comprises first air blast (9), second air blast (10), steam boiler (12) and radiator (13), described second air blast (10) is connected with radiator (13) by steam boiler (12), and described first air blast (9) is connected with hot blast storage bin (2) by radiator (13).
One dehumidifier (7) also is installed in the wherein said unit room (1).
One funnel (14) also is installed in the wherein said unit room (1), and this funnel (14) is positioned at the bottom of mesh screen (16).
Wherein said funnel (14) bottom is provided with bell mouth (19), and portable plate (20) is installed in this bell mouth.
In the utility model unit room mesh screen is installed, and mesh screen is fixedly mounted on the lifting pushing-pulling-rack, and the one end height of the mesh screen on the lifting pushing-pulling-rack, one end is low, after grain enters into mesh screen from feed hopper, Blowing drum then is blown into mesh screen with the hot blast of storing in advance in the hot blast storage bin, grain on the mesh screen is dried, utilizing governor motor to drive the lifting pushing-pulling-rack simultaneously moves back and forth, make foreign material in the grain discharge and make by the mesh screen hole grain from higher-end to low end motion, and finally enter into discharge bucket, finish the drying of grain and handle.Compared with prior art, the utlity model has advantages such as simple in structure, low in energy consumption, heat energy utilization rate height and drying effect be good.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model dryer combination flow chart.
Fig. 2 is the utility model dryer unit room structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model dryer unit room base funnel.
Fig. 4 is the utility model hot blast storage box and Blowing drum syndeton schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the utility model mesh screen and Blowing drum syndeton schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the working state schematic representation of the utility model mesh screen on crane.
Fig. 7 is the utility model unit room internal view.
Identifier declaration among the figure: unit room 1, hot blast storage bin 2, feed hopper 3, the loose device 4 of comb, Blowing drum motor 5, governor motor 6, dehumidifier 7, distribution board 8, first air blast 9, second air blast 10, discharge bucket 11, steam boiler 12, radiator 13, funnel 14, fan 15, mesh screen 16, lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17, support bar 18, bell mouth 19, portable plate 20, fan Fixture 21, Blowing drum 22.
The specific embodiment
Core concept of the present utility model is: the lifting pushing-pulling-rack is installed in the utility model unit room, and the lifting pushing-pulling-rack is equipped with mesh screen, because the lifting pushing-pulling-rack is positioned at feed hopper one end than discharge bucket one end height, so the feed end of mesh screen correspondence is than discharge end height.The hot blast storage bin is installed on the unit room in addition, Blowing drum is installed in the unit room, the hot blast storage bin can be blown as the grain zone on to mesh screen by Blowing drum, to realize drying to grain, and because the lifting pushing-pulling-rack passes through outside governor motor control, also can drive the lifting pushing-pulling-rack by governor motor in to the grain drying oven dry moves reciprocatingly in horizontal extent, to realize that dried grain is transported to discharge end, simultaneously can also be with foreign material contained in the grain by spilling in the mesh screen hole.
The utility model is power based on hot-air seasoning with the Blowing drum, has that drying rate is fast, the characteristics of low-loss and energy-saving.Actions such as grain is produced by the operation of lifting pushing-pulling-rack in mesh screen and upsprings, scatters, release, thus can realize and fully the contacting of hot blast, improved the efficient of oven dry greatly.
In addition, this device can also filter out the foreign material such as stone in the grain in oven dry grain, can improve the quality of grain greatly.
For setting forth thought of the present utility model and purpose, the utility model is described further below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
See also shown in Figure 1ly, Fig. 1 is the utility model dryer combination flow chart.This dryer mainly includes unit room 1, hot blast storage bin 2, feed hopper 3, discharge bucket 11 and a hot blast device for blowing, wherein hot blast storage bin 2 is installed in unit room 1 top, and be connected with the hot blast device for blowing, be used to store hot blast from this hot blast device for blowing; Feed hopper 3, discharge bucket 11 are connected with unit room 1 respectively, after the grain that need dry enters feed hopper 3, at first carry out preliminary comb pine, enter into unit room 1 then and dry, be transported to discharge bucket 11 afterwards again by 4 pairs of grains of the pine device of the comb in the feed hopper 3.
Unit room 1 top is equipped with a plurality of Blowing drum motors 5 (in the present embodiment be example with 12), and side is equipped with a governor motor 6; Inside is equipped with dehumidifier 7, can be with the moisture removal that enters in the unit room 1 by this dehumidifier 7; The outside of unit room 1 also is equipped with a distribution board 8, can realize operation and control to Blowing drum motor 5 and governor motor 6 by this distribution board 8.
Hot blast storage bin 2 is installed in unit room 1 top, its whole box body is to be made of thermal insulation board, and be connected with a hot blast device for blowing, described hot blast device for blowing includes first air blast 9, second air blast 10, steam boiler 12 and radiator 13, described second air blast 10 is connected with radiator 13 by steam boiler 12, and described first air blast 9 is connected with hot blast storage bin 2 by radiator 13.Wherein steam boiler 12 produces hot blast, is blown into radiator 13 by second air blast 10, and the warm instrument of meter is installed at radiator 13 places here, is blown into the temperature of hot blast with control; First air blast 9 and radiator were directly inputted in the hot blast storage bin 2 after 13 terminal connections, also were equipped with one and counted warm instrument, the accuracy that enters hot blast storage bin 2 hot blast temperatures with control entering into hot blast storage bin 2 places.
As Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the bottom in unit room 1 is equipped with funnel 14, so that the foreign material that carry in the grain are discharged in drying course, and the bottom of funnel 14 is provided with bell mouth 19.
As shown in Figure 4, Fig. 4 is the utility model hot blast storage box and Blowing drum syndeton schematic diagram.Blowing drum 22 is installed in unit room 1 inside, the upper end is connected with hot blast storage box 2, it includes fan 15 and Blowing drum motor 5, Blowing drum motor 5 is fixedly mounted on unit room 1 outside by fan Fixture 21, and control by distribution board 8,15 in fan is connected with Blowing drum motor 5 by rotating shaft, is driven by Blowing drum motor 5 and rotates.
As Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 is installed in unit room, these lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 1 sides are equipped with support bar 18, so that this side is than another side height, on lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17, be installed with mesh screen 16, above-mentioned Blowing drum 22 lower ends all are arranged in this mesh screen 16, and do not contact with mesh screen 16 bottoms.
Mesh screen 16 is provided with a plurality of mesh screens hole, and these mesh screen holes can guarantee that grain does not spill, and the foreign material such as stone littler than grain volume then can spill by the mesh screen hole.
As shown in Figure 7, Fig. 7 is the utility model unit room internal view.Wherein unit room 1 inner bottom part is equipped with a plurality of funnels 14, what installed the top of funnel 14 is lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17, this lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 is connected with the governor motor 6 that is arranged on unit room 1 outside, and under the drive of governor motor 6, lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 can move reciprocatingly in unit room 1; Because the feed end of lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 is than discharge end height, therefore be installed in the feed end of mesh screen 16 correspondence positions on the lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 than discharge end height, can make grain like this after entering mesh screen 16, drive by lifting pushing-pulling-rack 17 and move to the discharging opening place gradually.
Be provided with a plurality of Blowing drums 22 (in the present embodiment be example with 12) in the mesh screen 16, fan 15 is installed in the Blowing drum 22, these fans 15 are connected by the rotating shaft Blowing drum motor 5 outer with being arranged on unit room 1, drive its rotation by Blowing drum motor 5, when fan 15 rotates, the hot blast that hot blast storage bin 2 stores can be blown to mesh screen 16 places, and the grain on the mesh screen 16 is dried.
Wherein be provided with bell mouth 19 in the bottom of funnel 14, this bell mouth 19 goes out to be equipped with a portable plate 20, described portable plate 20 is the tow sides activity, after foreign material such as the silt that is comprised in the grain, stone drain in the funnel 14 by mesh screen 16, unify to collect at portable plate 20, and outwards discharge automatically in the regular hour.
The utility model drives the mesh screen motion by governor motor, thereby makes grain upspring in mesh screen, scatter, release, owing to have a large amount of hot blasts from Blowing drum fully to contact with grain simultaneously, the moisture in the grain is fully dried.With paddy is example, below 14%, can effectively guarantee the quality of paddy through this device oven dry back paddy water content, improves its storage time.
In addition, adopting steam boiler in this device is thermal source, and steam boiler can adopt agricultural byproducts waste material husk, straw, coarse cereals balloonflower root and bean products shell weeds etc. for fuel, can improve utilization ratio of raw materials greatly, reaches the purpose that turns waste into wealth.
More than be that a kind of foodstuff drying device provided by the utility model is described in detail, used specific case herein structural principle of the present utility model and embodiment are set forth, above embodiment just is used for helping to understand method of the present utility model and core concept thereof; Simultaneously, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to thought of the present utility model, the part that all can change in specific embodiments and applications, in sum, this description should not be construed as restriction of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. foodstuff drying device, comprise unit room (1), hot blast storage bin (2), feed hopper (3) and discharge bucket (11), described feed hopper (3), discharge bucket (11) are connected with unit room (1) respectively, hot blast storage bin (2) is installed on the unit room (1), it is characterized in that being equipped with in the described unit room (1) a lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17), on this lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17) mesh screen (16) is installed, be provided with a plurality of Blowing drums (22) in the described mesh screen (16), and mesh screen (16) one ends are connected with feed hopper (3), and an end is connected with discharge bucket (11).
2. foodstuff drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with in the described Blowing drum (22) fan (15), and described fan (15) is connected by the rotating shaft Blowing drum motor (5) outer with being arranged on unit room (1).
3. foodstuff drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that being equipped with in the described feed hopper (3) comb loose device (4).
4. foodstuff drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that outside the described unit room (1) governor motor (6) being installed, and this governor motor (6) is connected with lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17), moves reciprocatingly in unit room (1) to drive lifting pushing-pulling-rack (17).
5. foodstuff drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being connected with on the described hot blast storage bin (2) a hot blast device for blowing, this hot blast device for blowing comprises first air blast (9), second air blast (10), steam boiler (12) and radiator (13), described second air blast (10) is connected with radiator (13) by steam boiler (12), and described first air blast (9) is connected with hot blast storage bin (2) by radiator (13).
6. foodstuff drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that also being equipped with in the described unit room (1) dehumidifier (7).
7. foodstuff drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that a funnel (14) also is installed in the described unit room (1), and this funnel (14) is positioned at the bottom of mesh screen (16).
8. foodstuff drying device according to claim 7 is characterized in that described funnel (14) bottom is provided with bell mouth (19), is equipped with portable plate (20) in this bell mouth.
CN2010202537583U 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Grain drier Expired - Fee Related CN201709312U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202537583U CN201709312U (en) 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Grain drier

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202537583U CN201709312U (en) 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Grain drier

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201709312U true CN201709312U (en) 2011-01-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010202537583U Expired - Fee Related CN201709312U (en) 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Grain drier

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201709312U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105594850A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-05-25 衡阳智源农业科技有限公司 Efficient grain drier
CN105707549A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 重庆鸿谦农业开发有限责任公司 Multi-flavour dried sweet potato processing screening complete equipment with heat preservation and mixing mechanism
CN108273728A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-13 江西明源机械科技有限公司 System is cleared up before a kind of drying machine drying

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105707549A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 重庆鸿谦农业开发有限责任公司 Multi-flavour dried sweet potato processing screening complete equipment with heat preservation and mixing mechanism
CN105594850A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-05-25 衡阳智源农业科技有限公司 Efficient grain drier
CN108273728A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-13 江西明源机械科技有限公司 System is cleared up before a kind of drying machine drying

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110119

Termination date: 20130708

C17 Cessation of patent right