CN201702119U - Gear apparent defect automatic optical picking machine - Google Patents

Gear apparent defect automatic optical picking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201702119U
CN201702119U CN2010201790936U CN201020179093U CN201702119U CN 201702119 U CN201702119 U CN 201702119U CN 2010201790936 U CN2010201790936 U CN 2010201790936U CN 201020179093 U CN201020179093 U CN 201020179093U CN 201702119 U CN201702119 U CN 201702119U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
control module
clamping gas
gear
links
light source
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010201790936U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
晏毓
朱国宏
Original Assignee
杭州乔戈里科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2010201790936U priority Critical patent/CN201702119U/en
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Publication of CN201702119U publication Critical patent/CN201702119U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a gear apparent defect automatic optical picking machine comprising a feeding mechanism, a transmission mechanism, an image detection unit, a control unit and a separation mechanism, wherein the transmission mechanism comprises a rotating platform which is rotatably connected with a working table (11) by using a motor (12); the rotating platform (4) is provided with a clamping gas pawl component (10); the image detection unit comprises an upper visual examination position (5) and a lower visual examination position (6) which are arranged on the working table (11); the separation mechanism comprises a separation air cylinder (9) and the like; and the control unit is respectively connected with the motor (12), the clamping gas pawl component (10), the upper visual examination position (5), the lower visual examination position (6) and the separation air cylinder (9). The picking machine can realize the automatic feeding of gears, detection of apparent defects of the gears and separation.

Description

Gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of sorting machine, particularly a kind of gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines.

Background technology

Along with the fast development of Chinese national economy, the raising of manufacturing industry level and the expansion of scale, gear member is as a kind of common part of mechanical manufacturing field, and its production output at home is also very big.According to the difference of production technology, can there be some open defects (mainly comprise and collapse angle, crackle, the sticking powder of between cog and burr etc.) in gear, so need to carry out the detection of open defect before dispatching from the factory.At present, open defect detects is mainly undertaken by artificial mode, and quality inspection personnel detects gear surface and gear side one by one by the mode of naked eyes, by hand non-defective unit and defective products is sorted one by one.Because there is the fatigue factor of subjective judgement error and eye in the people, so the mode of manual detection exists quality instability, not easy to identify, the low inferior problem of detection efficiency of part defective of detecting.

The utility model content

The technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines, and it can realize the self-feeding of gear, the detection and the letter sorting of gear open defect.

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines, comprises feed mechanism, connecting gear, image detecting element, control module and mechanism for sorting;

Connecting gear comprises workbench, is provided with the revolving dial that relies on motor and workbench to be rotatedly connected on workbench; On revolving dial, be provided with clamping gas claw assembly;

Image detecting element comprises last inspection station and the following inspection station that is arranged on workbench;

Mechanism for sorting comprises the letter sorting cylinder that links to each other with stationary table, and the letter sorting cylinder links to each other with the letter sorting slide rail;

Control module is respectively with motor, clamping gas claw assembly, upward inspection station, following inspection station and letter sorting air cylinder signal link to each other.

Improvement as gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model: last inspection station comprises the last inspection camera that sets gradually from top to bottom, last coaxial light source, upper glass objective table and backlight, and last inspection camera, last coaxial light source, upper glass objective table all link to each other with stationary table with backlight;

Following inspection station comprises shadow shield, lower-glass objective table, following coaxial light source and the following inspection camera that sets gradually from top to bottom, and shadow shield, lower-glass objective table, following coaxial light source all link to each other with stationary table with following inspection camera;

Last inspection camera, last coaxial light source, backlight, following inspection camera link to each other with the control module signal respectively with following coaxial light source.

Further improvement as gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model: control module comprises clamping gas pawl control module, go-no-go cylinder control module, platform motor control module, database, central processing unit, image processing module and the transport module that links to each other with power module respectively, and central processing unit links to each other with transport module with clamping gas pawl control module, go-no-go cylinder control module, platform motor control module, database, image processing module respectively; Clamping gas pawl control module links to each other with clamping gas claw assembly signal, go-no-go cylinder control module links to each other with the letter sorting air cylinder signal, the platform motor control module links to each other with the motor signal, and transport module is respectively with last inspection camera, last coaxial light source, backlight, the inspection camera links to each other with following coaxial light source signal down.

Further improvement as gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model: feed mechanism comprises interconnected feeding vibrating disk and feeding guide; On revolving dial, be provided with 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies; 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies are positioned evenly on the revolving dial; The 4 cover clamping gas claw assembly outlets of corresponding feeding guide one by one respectively, upper glass objective table, lower-glass objective table and letter sorting slide rail.

Further improvement as gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model: the outlet at feeding guide is provided with photoelectric sensor; Photoelectric sensor links to each other with the central processing unit signal.

Gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model is based on electromechanical integration and automatic control technology designs, and it can realize the self-feeding of gear, the detection and the letter sorting of gear open defect.Feed mechanism is delivered to connecting gear with gear to be measured, and connecting gear is responsible for that gear to be measured is sent to image detecting element and is detected, and control module is correspondingly handled mechanism for sorting according to above-mentioned testing result, thereby certified products are distinguished mutually with substandard products.

Therefore, adopt gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model, can detect, improved detection quality and efficient greatly with the automation that machine replaces human eye to carry out gear open defect, for Gear Production manufacturer has brought good economic benefit, can also raise labour productivity.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the last inspection station 5 among Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the following inspection station 6 among Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the annexation schematic diagram of the control module among Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is the actual user mode schematic diagram of Fig. 2;

Fig. 6 is the actual user mode schematic diagram of Fig. 3.

The specific embodiment

Fig. 1~Fig. 4 comprises feed mechanism, connecting gear, image detecting element, control module and mechanism for sorting in conjunction with having provided a kind of gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines.

Feed mechanism comprises interconnected feeding vibrating disk 1 and feeding guide 2, and the import of feeding guide 2 links to each other with feeding vibrating disk 1.

Connecting gear comprises workbench 11, fixedly installs motor 12 on workbench 11, and revolving dial 4 links to each other with motor 12, thereby realizes that revolving dial 4 rotates with respect to workbench 11.On revolving dial 4, be provided with 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies 10; This 4 cover clamping gas claw assembly 10 is positioned evenly on the revolving dial 4; Become 90 ° angle between the 2 adjacent cover clamping gas claw assemblies 10.Every cover clamping gas claw assembly 10 is made up of a gripper cylinder and a clamping gas pawl, handles clamping gas pawl by gripper cylinder and carries out corresponding on-off action.

The corresponding 1 cover clamping gas claw assembly 10 of the outlet of feeding guide 2, in particular, the clamping gas pawl in the corresponding 1 cover clamping gas claw assembly 10 of the outlet of feeding guide 2.A photoelectric sensor 3 is set in the exit of feeding guide 2.

Image detecting element comprises last inspection station 5 and the following inspection station 6 that is arranged on workbench 11.Last inspection station 5 is included in last inspection camera 51, last coaxial light source 52, upper glass objective table 53 and the backlight 54 that vertical direction sets gradually from top to bottom, and inspection camera 51, last coaxial light source 52, upper glass objective table 53 and backlight 54 all are fixedly linked with workbench 11 on this.Following inspection station 6 is included in shadow shield 64, lower-glass objective table 63, following coaxial light source 62 and the following inspection camera 61 that vertical direction sets gradually from top to bottom, and this shadow shield 64, lower-glass objective table 63, following coaxial light source 62 and following inspection camera 61 all are fixedly linked with workbench 11.

Because last inspection station 5 and following inspection station 6 be each corresponding cover clamping gas claw assembly 10 respectively, therefore, last inspection station 5 becomes 90 ° angle in the horizontal direction with following inspection station 6.Clamping gas claw assembly 10 can correspondingly be put in gear to be measured the upper surface of upper glass objective table 53 or correspondingly be put in the upper surface of lower-glass objective table 63.

Mechanism for sorting comprises the letter sorting cylinder 9 that is fixedly linked with workbench 11, and letter sorting cylinder 9 links to each other with letter sorting slide rail 8; The 4th cover clamping gas claw assembly 10 corresponding letter sorting slide rails 8, that is, clamping gas claw assembly 10 can be put into gear to be measured on the letter sorting slide rail 8.Be provided with defective products receiver 7 on workbench 11, this defective products receiver 7 is positioned at the left of letter sorting slide rail 8.

The outlet of feeding guide 2, last inspection station 5, following inspection station 6, letter sorting slide rail 8 are arranged in order clockwise.

Control module comprises clamping gas pawl control module 71, go-no-go cylinder control module 72, platform motor control module 73, database 74, central processing unit 75, image processing module 76 and the transport module 77 that links to each other with power module 70 respectively, be responsible for providing power supply by power module 70, clear for drawing, above-mentioned annexation has been done omission in Fig. 4.Central processing unit 75 links to each other with transport module 77 with clamping gas pawl control module 71, go-no-go cylinder control module 72, platform motor control module 73, database 74, image processing module 76 respectively; Clamping gas pawl control module 71 links to each other with the equal signal of gripper cylinder in every cover clamping gas claw assembly 10, go-no-go cylinder control module 72 links to each other with letter sorting cylinder 9 signals, platform motor control module 73 links to each other with motor 12 signals, with last inspection camera 51, last coaxial light source 52, backlight 54, inspection camera 61 links to each other with following coaxial light source 62 signals down, photoelectric sensor 3 directly links to each other with central processing unit 75 signals transport module 77 respectively.

Gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines of the present utility model, practical work process is as follows:

Feeding vibrating disk 1 is sequentially sent into feeding guide 2 according to appointment towards having with the gear to be measured 100 of mode in will coiling of vibration; Feeding guide 2 transmits gear 100 to be measured in the mode of vibration to connecting gear.When the photoelectric sensor 3 that is positioned at feeding guide 2 exits detects the exit of gear 100 arrival feeding guides 2 to be measured, photoelectric sensor 3 passes to central processing unit 75 with above-mentioned information, central processing unit 75 just comes Synchronization Control 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies 10 to carry out work by clamping gas pawl control module 71, be original position with the first cover clamping gas claw assembly, 10 (corresponding) below, be elaborated with the outlet of feeding guide 2:

1), clamping gas claw assembly 10 opens, and grasps the gear to be measured 100 that is positioned at feeding guide 2 exits; Clamping gas claw assembly 10 is closed then, thereby clamps gear 100 to be measured;

2), central processing unit 75 order platform motor control modules 73 manipulation motors 12 clockwise rotate revolving dial 4, thereby make gear 100 to be measured over against last inspection station 5.Central processing unit 75 is handled clamping gas claw assembly 10 by clamping gas pawl control module 71, thereby makes gear 100 to be measured be placed in (as shown in Figure 5) on the upper glass objective table 53.

Central processing unit 75 is at first opened coaxial light source 52 by transport module 77, closes backlight 54, is responsible for the upper surface image of collection gear 100 to be measured by last inspection camera 51; Open backlight 54 then, close and close coaxial light source 52, be responsible for gathering the projected image backlight of gear 100 to be measured by last inspection camera 51.Above-mentioned 2 kinds of images are passed to central processing unit 75 by transport module 77.

3), central processing unit 75 continues to order platform motor control module 73 manipulation motors 12 that revolving dial 4 is clockwise rotated, thereby makes gear 100 to be measured over against following inspection station 6.Central processing unit 75 is handled clamping gas claw assembly 10 by clamping gas pawl control module 71, thereby makes gear 100 to be measured be placed in (as shown in Figure 6) on the lower-glass objective table 63.Central processing unit 75 is opened down coaxial light source 62 by transport module 77, is responsible for the lower surface image of collection gear 100 to be measured by following inspection camera 61.This lower surface image is passed to central processing unit 75 by transport module 77.

Shadow shield 64 is selected dark sheet material for use, and purpose is mainly used in the interference light that blocks the top, thereby improves the quality of image.

4), central processing unit 75 continues to order platform motor control module 73 manipulation motors 12 that revolving dial 4 is clockwise rotated, thereby makes gear 100 to be measured over against letter sorting slide rail 8.Meanwhile, the upper surface image of the gear to be measured 100 that central processing unit 75 will receive, projected image backlight and lower surface image are delivered to image processing module 76 together and carry out analyzing and processing, the analyzing and processing content comprises eliminates greasy dirt interference, characteristic matching, workpiece location, Region Segmentation and defect area analysis, thereby analyze the characteristic information (area, length, width, gray scale etc.) of defect area, central processing unit 75 compares preset threshold in these processing data and the database 74, thereby judges that this gear 100 to be measured is certified products or defective work.Central processing unit 75 sends different order by go-no-go cylinder control module 72 to letter sorting cylinder 9 according to different judged results.When being judged as certified products, letter sorting cylinder 9 drives letter sorting slide rail 8 and slides to the right, thereby makes the gear to be measured 100 on the letter sorting slide rail 8 fall into the certified products collecting box that is positioned at letter sorting slide rail 8 right sides.

When being judged as defective work, letter sorting cylinder 9 drives letter sorting slide rail 8 and slides to the left, thereby makes the gear to be measured 100 on the letter sorting slide rail 8 fall into the defective products receiver 7 that is positioned at letter sorting slide rail 8 left sides.

At last, it is also to be noted that what more than enumerate only is a specific embodiment of the present utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model all should be thought protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines is characterized in that: comprise feed mechanism, connecting gear, image detecting element, control module and mechanism for sorting;
Described connecting gear comprises workbench (11), is provided with the revolving dial (4) that relies on motor (12) and workbench (11) to be rotatedly connected on workbench (11); On revolving dial (4), be provided with clamping gas claw assembly (10);
Described image detecting element comprises last inspection station (5) and the following inspection station (6) that is arranged on workbench (11);
Described mechanism for sorting comprises the letter sorting cylinder (9) that is fixedly linked with workbench (11), and described letter sorting cylinder (9) links to each other with letter sorting slide rail (8);
Described control module is respectively with motor (12), clamping gas claw assembly (10), upward inspection station (5), following inspection station (6) and letter sorting cylinder (9) signal link to each other.
2. gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
The described inspection station (5) of going up comprises the last inspection camera (51) that sets gradually from top to bottom, goes up coaxial light source (52), upper glass objective table (53) and backlight (54), described upward inspection camera (51), goes up coaxial light source (52), upper glass objective table (53) and backlight (54) and all is fixedly linked with workbench (11);
Described inspection station (6) down comprises shadow shield (64), lower-glass objective table (63), following coaxial light source (62) and the following inspection camera (61) that sets gradually from top to bottom, and described shadow shield (64), lower-glass objective table (63), following coaxial light source (62) and following inspection camera (61) all are fixedly linked with workbench (11);
Described last inspection camera (51), last coaxial light source (52), backlight (54), following inspection camera (61) link to each other with the control module signal respectively with following coaxial light source (62).
3. gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described control module comprises the clamping gas pawl control module (71) that links to each other with power module (70) respectively, go-no-go cylinder control module (72), platform motor control module (73), database (74), central processing unit (75), image processing module (76) and transport module (77), described central processing unit (75) respectively with clamping gas pawl control module (71), go-no-go cylinder control module (72), platform motor control module (73), database (74), image processing module (76) links to each other with transport module (77); Described clamping gas pawl control module (71) links to each other with clamping gas claw assembly (10) signal, go-no-go cylinder control module (72) links to each other with letter sorting cylinder (9) signal, platform motor control module (73) links to each other with motor (12) signal, and transport module (77) is respectively with last inspection camera (51), last coaxial light source (52), backlight (54), inspection camera (61) links to each other with following coaxial light source (62) signal down.
4. gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described feed mechanism comprises interconnected feeding vibrating disk (1) and feeding guide (2); On revolving dial (4), be provided with 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies (10); Described 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies (10) are positioned evenly on the revolving dial (4); 4 cover clamping gas claw assemblies (10) are outlet, upper glass objective table (53), lower-glass objective table (63) and the letter sorting slide rail (8) of corresponding one by one feeding guide (2) respectively.
5. gear open defect optics automatic sorting machines according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the outlet at described feeding guide (2) is provided with photoelectric sensor (3); Described photoelectric sensor (3) links to each other with central processing unit (75) signal.
CN2010201790936U 2010-04-30 2010-04-30 Gear apparent defect automatic optical picking machine CN201702119U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102374996A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-03-14 西安交通大学 Multicast detection device and method for full-depth tooth side face defects of bevel gear
CN103383359A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-11-06 爱彼思(苏州)自动化科技有限公司 Color difference analytical device based on image recognition technology
CN105499151A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-20 宁海永业汽车零部件有限公司 Welding pipe automatic detection machine
CN106345697A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-01-25 哈尔滨精达机械发展有限公司 Novel semiautomatic multi-station gear sorting machine measured and assembled by taking double-sided meshing of gears, and operating method of sorting machine
CN106862104A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-06-20 江苏理工学院 Auto parts clear size of opening automatic detection device
CN108387590A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-10 福州大学 A kind of low module stem gear appearance defect detection device
CN108465650A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-08-31 苏州聿知新机械科技有限公司 A kind of appearance screening and cleaning integrated apparatus and its working method for gear

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102374996A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-03-14 西安交通大学 Multicast detection device and method for full-depth tooth side face defects of bevel gear
CN102374996B (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-11-07 西安交通大学 Multicast detection device and method for full-depth tooth side face defects of bevel gear
CN103383359A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-11-06 爱彼思(苏州)自动化科技有限公司 Color difference analytical device based on image recognition technology
CN103383359B (en) * 2013-07-22 2016-06-22 爱彼思(苏州)自动化科技有限公司 Color difference analytical device based on image recognition technology
CN105499151A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-20 宁海永业汽车零部件有限公司 Welding pipe automatic detection machine
CN105499151B (en) * 2015-12-25 2018-05-11 宁海永业汽车零部件有限公司 Welded pipe automatic measuring machine
CN106345697A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-01-25 哈尔滨精达机械发展有限公司 Novel semiautomatic multi-station gear sorting machine measured and assembled by taking double-sided meshing of gears, and operating method of sorting machine
CN106345697B (en) * 2016-11-02 2019-05-07 哈尔滨精达机械发展有限公司 It is a kind of to engage the New semi automatic multistation gear sorting machine and its operating method that measurement is set up with gear two-sided
CN106862104A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-06-20 江苏理工学院 Auto parts clear size of opening automatic detection device
CN108387590A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-10 福州大学 A kind of low module stem gear appearance defect detection device
CN108465650A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-08-31 苏州聿知新机械科技有限公司 A kind of appearance screening and cleaning integrated apparatus and its working method for gear

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110112

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