CN201701308U - Cervical disc puncture positioning instrument - Google Patents

Cervical disc puncture positioning instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201701308U
CN201701308U CN2010202164982U CN201020216498U CN201701308U CN 201701308 U CN201701308 U CN 201701308U CN 2010202164982 U CN2010202164982 U CN 2010202164982U CN 201020216498 U CN201020216498 U CN 201020216498U CN 201701308 U CN201701308 U CN 201701308U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ruler
protractor
fixed
positioning
length
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010202164982U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘辉
李捷一
黄献
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李捷一
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Priority to CN2010202164982U priority Critical patent/CN201701308U/en
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Publication of CN201701308U publication Critical patent/CN201701308U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a cervical disc puncture positioning instrument, which comprises a supporting part, a protractor and at least one positioning ruler. The protractor includes a circular arc fixed ruler and a movable ruler in sliding fit with the fixed ruler, a connecting part is arranged on the fixed ruler, and a connecting rod is arranged on the movable ruler along the radial direction of the fixed ruler. The positioning ruler is a prism, at least one through needle hole penetrating from one lateral surface to an opposite chamfer edge of the prism is arranged on the prism, the positioning ruler is fixed onto the connecting rod of the movable ruler of the protractor, so that the chamfer edge penetrates through a circular center of the fixed ruler and is perpendicular to a movement plane of the movable ruler, and the fixed ruler of the protractor is fixed onto the supporting part. The cervical disc puncture positioning instrument can position the positioning ruler at a longitudinal position for puncture of a neck of a patient by the aid of the supporting part and the protractor, determine a puncture point by selecting the needle holes on the positioning ruler, and achieve the purpose of accurate positioning, further has the advantages of simple structure and convenient operation, and can avoid excessive X-ray radiation to a doctor to cause personal damage.

Description

一种颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪 One kind of cervical disc puncture locator

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于医疗器械,具体涉及一种颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪。 [0001] The present invention belongs to medical devices, particularly, to a cervical disc puncture locator. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 颈椎间盘突出病人发病率高,由于颈部是血管和神经通过的主要部位,手术治疗难度大、风险高。 [0002] cervical disc high incidence of patients, is the primary site of the neck portion through the blood vessels and nerves, difficult surgery, high risk. 在治疗颈椎间盘突出方面,广泛采用等离子消融、臭氧和射频消融等微创手术,这些微创治疗方法中如何将穿刺针穿刺到指定部位就是医生必须掌握的技术。 In the treatment of cervical disc, widely used plasma ablation, radiofrequency ablation ozone and other minimally invasive surgery, these minimally invasive treatment methods to specify how the needle puncture site is a doctor must master the technology. 目前, 主要采用X光设备导引下徒手穿刺的方法,医生操作过程(穿刺点定位、下针)要反复X光透视,对操作者而言,X光损伤是十分严重的。 Currently, the main method the X-ray apparatus puncture guiding hand, the doctor during the operation (positioning the puncture point, the needle) for repeated X-ray, for the operator, the X-ray damage is very serious.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型的目的是提供一种结构简单,可以快速定位,使用方便的颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪。 [0003] The object of the present invention to provide a simple structure, can quickly locate, easy to use cervical disc puncture locator.

[0004] 实现本实用新型目的的技术方案如下:颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪包括支撑部件、量角器和至少一个定位尺;所述量角器包括圆弧形定尺和与定尺滑动配合的动尺,定尺上设有连接部,动尺上沿定尺径向设有连杆;所述定位尺为三棱柱,在三棱柱的一个侧面至相对的侧棱设有至少一个贯通的针孔;所述定位尺固定在量角器动尺的连杆上使所述侧棱过定尺的圆心且与动尺的运动平面垂直;所述量角器的定尺固定在所述支撑部件上。 [0004] The object of the technical solution of the present invention are as follows: cervical disc support member comprises a puncture locator, protractor, and at least one positioning foot; said protractor comprises a circular arc-length and movable with sliding fit Length scale, length on a connecting portion, length scale is provided with radially movable along the link; the positioner is a triangular prism, is provided to the opposite lateral edges at least through a pinhole in a side surface of the triangular prism; positioning said foot is fixed on the lateral edges of the movable protractor scale-length of the rod through the center and perpendicular to the plane of movement of the movable feet; Length of the protractor is fixed on the support member.

[0005] 所述支撑部件包括至少一根立杆或一根立杆和一根横杆,立杆和横杆之间用万向连接头连接。 [0005] The support member comprises at least one pole and a bar or a pole, between the pole and the crossbar is connected with the universal joint head.

[0006] 所述量角器的定尺用万向连接头固定在立杆或横杆上。 The [0006] Length of the protractor with the universal joint head is fixed on a pole or bar.

[0007] 所述定位尺上的针孔与所述侧棱的夹角成90度或锐角。 The angle [0007] with the side edges of the pinhole on the positioner 90 degrees or an acute angle.

[0008] 采用上述结构的颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪具有以下优点: [0008] With the above configuration cervical disc puncture locator has the following advantages:

[0009] 1、可以通过支撑部件和横向调整量角器动尺将定位尺定位在患者颈部穿刺的纵向位置,通过选择定位尺上的针孔确定穿刺点,达到准确定位的目的。 [0009] 1, through the support member and the lateral adjustment of the protractor scale movable positioner positioning the patient's neck in the longitudinal position of the puncture, the puncture site is determined by selecting the pinholes in the positioner, to achieve accurate positioning.

[0010] 2、本定位仪结构简单,操作方便,可以在X光设备导引下快速定位,穿刺下针时不需要X光设备导引,因此可以避免X光对医生的过量照射,对身体造成伤害。 [0010] 2, the positioning device is simple in structure, easy to operate, can be quickly positioned at the X-ray guiding device, no X-ray equipment when guiding puncture needle, thus avoiding excess X-ray irradiation of the physician, the body cause some damages.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1是本实用新型的结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention novel.

[0012] 图2是本实用新型中量角器与定位尺的结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the present invention, in the positioning ruler protractor.

[0013] 图3是本实用新型中定位尺的侧视图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a side view of the present invention, the positioning ruler.

[0014] 图4是本实用新型中定位尺的不同结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 4 is a structural diagram of the present invention differ in the positioning ruler.

[0015] 图5、图6分别是本实用新型中支撑部件的不同结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 5, FIG. 6 is a schematic view, respectively, of the invention, different support member present. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016] 实施例1 [0016] Example 1

[0017] 见图1至图4,颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪包括由一根立杆1组成的支撑部件、量角器和多个定位尺7 ;所述量角器包括圆弧形定尺4和动尺5,动尺5套在定尺4上可沿定尺4滑动,定尺4的一端设有连接部3,动尺5上沿定尺4径向设有连杆6 ;所述定位尺7为三棱柱, 在定位尺7的一个侧面701至相对的侧棱703设有多个贯通的针孔702,不同的定位尺7上的针孔702与侧棱703的夹角不同,包括90度的夹角0和小于90度的锐角夹角Y (参见图2、图4),所述定位尺7通过其一个底面704固定在量角器动尺5的连杆6上,使所述侧棱703过定尺4的圆心且与动尺5的运动平面成90度的夹角a ;所述量角器的定尺4通过连接部3用万向连接头2固定在立杆1上。 [0017] Figure 1 to Figure 4, cervical disc comprising a support member piercing the locator pole 1 consisting of a protractor and a plurality of positioning ruler 7; said protractor comprises a circular arc-length 4 feet 5 and movable, movable 6-5-length set in the 4 4 ​​slidable along the length, cut to length one end of a connecting portion 3 of 4, 6-length link 4 is provided on the radially movable along 6-5; the positioner triangular prism 7 in a 7 foot positioning side 701 to opposing side edges 703 of a plurality of through pinhole 702, pin holes on different angle positioner 7 different side edges 702 and 703, including an angle of 90 degrees 0 and less than 90 degrees acute angle Y (see FIG. 2, FIG. 4), the positioning foot 7 through a bottom surface 704 which is fixed to the movable protractor scale of the upper link 65, through the side edges 703 Length 4 and the center plane of movement of the movable scale 5 is 90 degrees angle a; 4 Length of the protractor head 2 is connected through the connecting section 3 by a universal fixed uprights.

[0018] 实施例2 [0018] Example 2

[0019] 见图5,所述支撑部件包括一根立杆1和一根横杆9,立杆1和横杆9之间用万向连接头2连接,量角器的定尺4通过连接部3用万向连接头2固定在横杆9上,其它结构与实施例1相同。 [0019] Figure 5, the support member comprises a vertical rod 1 and a cross bar 9, and the pole 1 bar 2 is connected with the universal joint head, the protractor between 9 Length 4 through the connecting section 3 with universal joint 2 is fixed to the cross bar 9, other configurations the same as in Example 1.

[0020] 实施例3 [0020] Example 3

[0021] 见图6,所述支撑部件包括一根立杆1和一根横杆9和一根辅助杆10,立杆1和横杆9之间,横杆9和辅助杆10之间用万向连接头2连接,量角器的定尺4通过连接部3用万向连接头2固定在辅助杆9上,其它结构实施例1相同。 [0021] Figure 6, the support member comprises a vertical rod 1 and a cross bar 9 and an auxiliary lever 10, and the bar 9 between the pole 1, with the crossbar 10 between the lever 9 and the auxiliary Wan 2 is connected to the connection head, the connection portion 4 Length protractor universal joint 3 with the head 2 is fixed to the auxiliary rod 9, the same as Example 1 by other structures.

[0022] 上述不同的支撑部件、不同的定位尺可根据具体情况选用。 [0022] The different support member, a different localizer may be selected according to specific circumstances.

[0023] 使用方法: [0023] Usage:

[0024] 用本实用新型进行穿刺定位,可将支撑部件的立杆1插在病床上,医生在X光设备导引下通过操作量角器的动尺5沿定尺4左右滑动使定位尺7确定在患者颈部8左右方向的纵向位置(参见图1),通过所选用的定位尺7来确定沿患者颈部8纵向的下针的角度,通过选用定位尺7上的不同的针孔702来确定穿刺点,从而可以完成任意点的穿刺。 [0024] The present invention with the puncturing position, the support member may be a pole inserted in the bed, the X-ray equipment in the doctor slide guide of the positioning ruler 4 by the operation of the left and right feet 5 movable along the protractor 7 determines Length left and right position of the patient's neck in the longitudinal direction 8 (see FIG. 1), by the selected positioner 7 to determine the angle of the needle 8 along the longitudinal neck of the patient, by selecting a different positioning of the feet 7 on the pinhole 702 determining the puncture point, whereby puncture can be done at any point. 由于穿刺点定好位以后,下针操作不再需要X光设备导引,从而避免了反复的X光照射。 Since the puncture site after a given well bit, are no longer needed under the needle guiding X-ray equipment, thereby avoiding the X-ray irradiation repeated.

Claims (4)

  1. 一种颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪,其特征是包括支撑部件、量角器和至少一个定位尺;所述量角器包括圆弧形定尺和与定尺滑动配合的动尺,定尺上设有连接部,动尺上沿定尺径向设有连杆;所述定位尺为三棱柱,在三棱柱的一个侧面至相对的侧棱设有至少一个贯通的针孔;所述定位尺固定在量角器动尺的连杆上使所述侧棱过定尺的圆心且与动尺的运动平面垂直;所述量角器的定尺固定在所述支撑部件上。 One kind of puncture locator cervical disc, characterized by comprising a support member, and at least one positioning foot protractor; said protractor comprises a circular arc-length and movable with sliding fit Length scale, a connecting portion on the length, the movable Length along rod is provided with radial feet; the positioner is a triangular prism, is provided to the opposite lateral edges at least through a pinhole in a side surface of the triangular prism; moving said positioning ruler is fixed on the protractor scale said side edges of the upper link through the center of fixed length and a plane perpendicular to the motion of the movable feet; Length of the protractor is fixed on the support member.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪,其特征是所述支撑部件包括至少一根立杆或一根立杆和一根横杆,立杆和横杆之间用万向连接头连接。 The cervical disc puncture locator according to claim 1, wherein said supporting member comprises at least one pole and a bar or a pole, between the pole and the crossbar is connected with the universal joint head .
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪,其特征是所述量角器的定尺用万向连接头固定在立杆或横杆上。 Cervical disc according to claim 1, said puncturing locator, characterized in that the cut to length with a protractor universal joint head is fixed on the pole or bar.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的颈椎间盘穿刺定位仪,其特征是所述定位尺上的针孔与所述侧棱的夹角成90度或锐角。 The cervical disc puncture locator according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle with the side edges of the pinhole on the positioner 90 degrees or an acute angle.
CN2010202164982U 2010-06-07 2010-06-07 Cervical disc puncture positioning instrument CN201701308U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103767791A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-07 曾月东 Gear adjusting lumbar disc herniation target collimator and collimation puncture method thereof
CN103989514A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-20 南华大学 Aiming and positioning device
CN104799916A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-07-29 首都医科大学附属北京朝阳医院 Spinal puncture positioning device
CN104921784A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 张宝国 Lateral ventricle frontal angle puncture guiding device
CN105769300A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-20 王春峰 Positioning guider for cervical vertebra puncture and using method thereof
WO2019037229A1 (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-02-28 艾科美医疗器械(深圳)有限公司 Surgical instrument fixing device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103767791A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-07 曾月东 Gear adjusting lumbar disc herniation target collimator and collimation puncture method thereof
CN103767791B (en) * 2014-02-24 2015-09-16 曾月东 Gear regulating type prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc target spot pointing instrumentation
CN103989514A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-20 南华大学 Aiming and positioning device
CN103989514B (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-06-08 南华大学 Aim at positioner
CN104799916A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-07-29 首都医科大学附属北京朝阳医院 Spinal puncture positioning device
CN104799916B (en) * 2015-05-25 2017-03-15 首都医科大学附属北京朝阳医院 Spinal puncture positioner
CN104921784A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 张宝国 Lateral ventricle frontal angle puncture guiding device
CN104921784B (en) * 2015-06-15 2018-06-05 张宝国 A kind of cornu frontale ventriculi lateralis guiding puncture device
CN105769300A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-20 王春峰 Positioning guider for cervical vertebra puncture and using method thereof
WO2019037229A1 (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-02-28 艾科美医疗器械(深圳)有限公司 Surgical instrument fixing device

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