CN201697961U - System for measuring transient over-voltage of high-voltage power grid by adopting distributed capacitance method - Google Patents

System for measuring transient over-voltage of high-voltage power grid by adopting distributed capacitance method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201697961U
CN201697961U CN2010202380661U CN201020238066U CN201697961U CN 201697961 U CN201697961 U CN 201697961U CN 2010202380661 U CN2010202380661 U CN 2010202380661U CN 201020238066 U CN201020238066 U CN 201020238066U CN 201697961 U CN201697961 U CN 201697961U
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China
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voltage
low
capacitance
phase
conducting wires
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CN2010202380661U
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王晓琪
李璿
吴士普
余春雨
汪本进
陈晓明
毛安澜
王玲
费晔
冯宇
陈心佳
王欢
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State Grid Electric Power Research Institute
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State Grid Electric Power Research Institute
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a system for measuring transient over-voltage of a high-voltage power grid by adopting a distributed capacitance method, which is characterized by comprising a high-voltage capacitor, a capacitive voltage divider and a capacitive voltage divider low-voltage arm measuring device, wherein the high-voltage capacitor is formed by distributed capacitors between high-voltage leads and electrodes of the low-voltage arm below the high-voltage leads; the electrodes of the low-voltage arm are electrically connected with a low-voltage capacitor, thus forming the capacitive voltage divider; the capacitive voltage divider low-voltage arm measuring device consists of the capacitive voltage divider, a coaxial cable and an oscilloscope; and the low-voltage capacitor of the capacitive voltage divider is connected with the oscilloscope through the coaxial cable. The system can measure the transient over-voltage of the power grid more flexibly and conveniently.

Description

The system of measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of system of measuring the high voltage power network transient overvoltage; can be used for the measurement of 1000kV and following electrical network transient overvoltage; can be used for 1000kV and following electrical network transient overvoltage on-line monitoring and protection, for safe operation of power system provides monitoring means.
Background technology
Hyper-Voltage of Power Systems is the important topic that development high pressure and supergrid institute must solution, and it not only is related to the appropriate design of power equipment dielectric strengths such as generator, transformer, transmission line of electricity, and directly has influence on the safe operation of electric system.Find that the power grid accident failure rate that Hyper-Voltage of Power Systems causes is higher in power outage both domestic and external is analyzed, insulation of electrical installation destroys and happens occasionally, and is having a strong impact on the safe operation of electrical network.Statistical data shows, at 1995-1999 whole nation 110kV and above electric pressure transformer since the accident that superpotential such as thunder and lightning cause account for about 10.6%, 110kV and above electric pressure mutual inductor since the accident that resonance, lightning impulse etc. cause account for about 32.3%.
Superpotential type in the electric system is varied, the reason of its generation also has nothing in common with each other, when the superpotential accident occurring, though a large amount of fault wave recording devices has been installed in the electric system, but because overvoltage signal amplitude height, steepness is big, the duration is short, and the voltage signal of fault filter is taken from electromagnetic potential transformer usually, because it is ferromagnetic saturated, frequency characteristic is poor, can't obtain the real information of power network overvoltage, and its sample frequency is generally between the 1kHz-20kHz, can't satisfy the measurement requirement of transient overvoltage.
Owing to there are not effective over-voltage monitoring means; be difficult to quick and precisely write down power network overvoltage generation, evolution; superpotential feature when the accident of can't obtaining takes place; seriously restricted accurate analysis to culprit; determine that such as in superpotential crash analysis, being difficult to the reason of accident is because superpotential steepness or amplitude surpass the ability to bear of equipment; or the dielectric level of equipment reduction institute causes, or the problem of protective device own, and these make analysis and judgement become very difficult.
All be to adopt the method for electro-magnetic transient numerical simulation for the mechanism research of power network overvoltage and definite overwhelming majority of system insulation cooperation at present, the mathematical model of the system equipment in the emulation is to set up on certain simplification basis, model is too simple, can not truly reflect the wave process of electrical network reality.Along with the development of high pressure and extra-high voltage grid, equipment and network structure are complicated more, and the numerical analysis method of traditional transient state process can not satisfy the accurate real-time analysis to big operation of power networks, the requirement that responds and prevent to make a strategic decision fast.
Therefore, study a kind of high-performance, high automation, real-time cheaply superpotential On-line Measuring Method, the real time record of the various superpotential casualty datas that take place in the realization electric system, when taking place, superpotential can note superpotential actual change process complete and accurate, superpotential waveform of recorded and stored and various parameter, before and after the storage accident takes place in superpotential situation and the generating process to the influence of line voltage, not only, the operations staff provides scientific basis for analyzing culprit, can also be the mechanism of research Hyper-Voltage of Power Systems generation simultaneously, superpotential is taken precautions against and the scientific worker of power equipment Insulation Coordination provides abundant, full and accurate, the raw data support of science, not only have very strong engineering using value, and have important scientific research meaning.
The superpotential on-line monitoring includes overvoltage signal and obtains (generally adopting voltage sensor) and overvoltage signal acquisition system, as long as the overvoltage signal that obtains is undistorted, the realization that overvoltage signal is gathered is relatively easy, therefore obtain accurately overvoltage signal and be the wherein link of most critical, generally realize by voltage sensor.The design of voltage sensor is technological difficulties in the superpotential on-line monitoring system always.The waveform of the overvoltage signal of electrical network and amplitude difference are very big, and sensor characteristic is had higher requirement, and in order accurately to obtain the transient voltage signal, require sensor to have good transient response characteristic, stability and the linearity.Therefore, the voltage sensor of development with good transient response characteristic, stability and linearity has key effect to the exploitation of superpotential on-line monitoring system.
Chinese scholars has been launched big quantity research to superpotential measuring method, and has obtained effect preferably to a certain extent.Comprehensive research situation both at home and abroad at present, is applied to the device that power network overvoltage signal obtains and mainly contains high-voltage bleeder, optical fibre voltage sensor and differential-integral measurement system etc.
1) the high-voltage bleeder high-voltage bleeder is the device that obtains voltage signal the most frequently used in the over-voltage monitoring, mainly contains several versions such as resitstance voltage divider, capacitive divider and RC divider.That resitstance voltage divider has is simple in structure, measuring accuracy is higher, transient response good, the job stability advantages of higher.Because the long-term operation of power networks in parallel of resitstance voltage divider, heating problem is more serious, and therefore, the voltage sensor of domestic and international most of superpotential on-line monitoring system all is to adopt capacitive divider or RC divider at present.Wherein, a large amount of researchs to power network overvoltage on-line monitoring aspect have been done by China University Of Chongqing, the method that is adopted is to utilize the transformer condenser-type terminal, special voltage sensor is installed is formed the sleeve pipe voltage divider system, gather power network overvoltage signal in real time from the end screen tap of condenser-type terminal, shown in Fig. 1 .1.
In order to remedy some major defects of traditional resistor voltage divider, scholar both domestic and external also develops some novel capacitive dividers, and the capacitive divider based on current transformer of Australian scholar D.Britwhistle and I.D.Gray development is shown in Fig. 1 .2.
The high-voltage arm of this capacitive divider is the stray capacitance C1 that lead and current transformer form, low-voltage arm adopts the advantage of the capacitor C 2. this voltage dividers that add to be: adopt the existing primary equipment of electric system, a series of problems of avoiding traditional long-term parallel high voltage electrical network of high-voltage bleeder to bring, insulation characterisitic such as electric is good.Its major defect is the measuring error that the instability of capacitor C 1 is brought.
2) the optical fibre voltage sensor photoeletric measuring system is a kind of system that utilizes various photoelectric effect or optical communication mode to measure, in the High-Voltage Technology field, available it carry out the measurement of high voltage, big electric current, electric field intensity and other parameters.The Fiber-Optic Voltage volume is little, in light weight, wide dynamic range, measuring accuracy height, good insulation preformance, has and bright development and application prospect.
3) the high voltage measuring system that formed as voltage conversion device with differentiation element and follow-up integral element of differential integral measurement system is called differential integral measurement system, abbreviates the D/I system as.This voltage divider system more application is in impacting high-tension measurement.
At present, domestic common superpotential on-line monitoring method is to connect the method that low-voltage arm forms capacitive divider by bushing shell for transformer end screen.This method need be at transformer end screen extension line, and the staff must climb up transformer and install, and this has certain influence to staff's safety.The utility model electrode used therein directly is installed on the corresponding ground of high-voltage conducting wires, and the infield is flexible, and the capacitive divider independent operating is not subjected to the restriction of other equipment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of system of measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method, more flexibly, method is measured the electrical network transient overvoltage easily.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of system of measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method, it is characterized in that: by high-voltage capacitance, capacitive divider and capacitive divider low-voltage arm measurement mechanism constitute, the distributed capacitance that forms between the low-voltage arm electrode of high-voltage capacitance by high-voltage conducting wires and its high-voltage conducting wires below constitutes, low-voltage arm electrode and the low-voltage capacitance capacitive divider that is electrically connected to form, capacitive divider low-voltage arm measurement mechanism is by capacitive divider, concentric cable and oscillograph constitute, and the low-voltage capacitance of capacitive divider is connected with oscillograph by concentric cable.
The system of aforesaid measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method, it is characterized in that: in the capacitive divider low-voltage arm proving installation, the matched impedance that series connection equates with the concentric cable resistance value between concentric cable and capacitive divider and concentric cable and the oscillograph.
Principle of the present utility model is: adopt a kind of method of measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method, place three low-voltage arm electrodes below three-phase conducting wire, nine distributed capacitance of three low-voltage arm electrodes and three-phase conducting wire formation; Three low-voltage arm electrodes and three low-voltage capacitances constitute the three phase capacitance voltage divider; By setting up matrix: have the relation of one 3 * 3 matrix between 3 * 1 matrixes that 3 * 1 matrixes that the high tension voltage of three-phase forms and three phase capacitance voltage divider secondary output voltage form, i.e. [U 2] 3 * 1=[K] 3 * 3[U 1] 3 * 1By the voltage of conversion three-phase conducting wire, obtain different [U 1] 3 * 1[U 2] 3 * 1,, calculate [K] by setting up system of equations 3 * 3In 9 coefficients, thereby set up the corresponding relation of primary voltage and secondary voltage, obtain intrinsic standoff ratio K, counter the pushing away of waveform by the metering display instrument records obtains the transient overvoltage size on the high-voltage conducting wires. U . 21 U . 22 U . 23 = K 11 K 12 K 13 K 21 K 22 K 23 K 31 K 32 K 33 · U . 11 U . 12 U . 13
Wherein: Be the A phase voltage, Be the B phase voltage, Be the C phase voltage, Be A phase secondary output voltage, Be B phase secondary output voltage, Be C phase secondary output voltage.
Capacitive divider low-voltage arm proving installation of the present utility model can be positioned at three-phase high-voltage lead below, and symmetry is installed.Overhead distance between distance, high-voltage conducting wires thickness, the three-phase high-voltage lead etc. is relevant with high-voltage conducting wires for the shape of low-voltage arm electrode, size.Obtain desirable transient overvoltage waveform as needs,, determine rational capacitive divider intrinsic standoff ratio K, according to intrinsic standoff ratio optimization selection high-voltage capacitance and low-voltage capacitance size according to the electric pressure of oscillograph best image scope and high-voltage conducting wires.
High-voltage capacitance is formed by the distributed capacitance between low-voltage arm electrode and the high-voltage conducting wires.At first, by the ANSYS finite element method, the high-voltage capacitance value that calculating forms between the low-voltage arm electrode of difformity and size and high-voltage conducting wires, take all factors into consideration requirements such as facility, the high-voltage capacitance order of magnitude are installed down, optimization selection low-voltage arm electrode shape and size between difformity, size, high-voltage capacitance value are tentatively determined the high-voltage capacitance size.
Low-voltage capacitance calculates acquisition according to high-voltage capacitance initial value and intrinsic standoff ratio K.
The actual size of high-voltage capacitance is obtained by the test method based on matrix theory.Low-voltage arm electrode and three-phase conducting wire all can form distributed capacitance, and therefore, three low-voltage arm electrodes and three-phase conducting wire can form nine distributed capacitance.By setting up matrix, there is the relation of one 3 * 3 matrix between 3 * 1 matrixes that 3 * 1 matrixes that the high tension voltage of three-phase forms and three phase capacitance voltage divider secondary output voltage form, promptly Wherein Be three phase capacitance voltage divider secondary voltage matrix, [K] 3 * 3Be three phase capacitance voltage divider intrinsic standoff ratio matrix of coefficients, Be three-phase high-voltage wire voltage matrix.By the voltage of conversion three-phase conducting wire, can obtain different With By setting up system of equations, calculate [K] 3 * 3In 9 coefficients, thereby set up the corresponding relation of primary voltage and secondary voltage, obtain intrinsic standoff ratio, counter the pushing away of waveform by oscillograph records can obtain the transient overvoltage size on the high-voltage conducting wires.
The capacitive divider secondary voltage enters oscillograph by concentric cable.Therefore consider that impedance does not match between concentric cable and oscillograph and the capacitive divider, the catadioptric of ripple can take place, the impedance that need between concentric cable and oscillograph and concentric cable and voltage divider, connect and equate with the concentric cable resistance value.Thereby guarantee that the over-voltage waveform that is obtained is undistorted.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the capacitive divider that adopts novel distributed capacitance formula structure, accurately obtain the capacitive divider intrinsic standoff ratio by Theoretical Calculation and test method, be not subjected to the restriction of bushing shell for transformer end screen, can be according to actual needs, the any position (such as under) that is installed on high-voltage conducting wires below is convenient, flexible, for power grid security provides more effectively monitoring means.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the prior art constructions synoptic diagram.
Wherein, Fig. 1 .1 is a bottom shielding of bushing voltage sensor scheme of installation.
Fig. 1 .2 is based on the capacitive divider of current transformer.
Fig. 2, the low-voltage arm electrode scheme of installation of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3, the high-voltage capacitance of the utility model embodiment forms schematic diagram.
Fig. 4, the low-voltage arm measurement mechanism basic circuit diagram of the utility model embodiment.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples a kind of system that utilizes the distributed capacitance method to measure the electrical network transient overvoltage of the utility model is described in detail.
The explanation of mark among Fig. 2: 1-A phase high-voltage conducting wires, 2-B phase high-voltage conducting wires, 3-C phase high-voltage conducting wires, 4-A phase low-voltage arm electrode, 5-B phase low-voltage arm electrode, 6-C phase low-voltage arm electrode, 7-A phase low-voltage capacitance, 8-B phase low-voltage capacitance, 9-C phase low-voltage capacitance; The explanation of mark: 10-among Fig. 3 (A phase low-voltage arm electrode and A mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) A-A distributed capacitance, 11-(A phase low-voltage arm electrode and B mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) A-B distributed capacitance, 12-(A phase low-voltage arm electrode and C mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) A-C distributed capacitance, 13-(B phase low-voltage arm electrode and A mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) B-A distributed capacitance, 14-(B phase low-voltage arm electrode and B mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) B-B distributed capacitance, 15-(B phase low-voltage arm electrode and C mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) B-C distributed capacitance, 16-(C phase low-voltage arm electrode and A mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) C-A distributed capacitance, 17-(C phase low-voltage arm electrode and B mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) C-B distributed capacitance, 18-(C phase low-voltage arm electrode and C mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires) C-C distributed capacitance; The explanation of mark among Fig. 4: 19-concentric cable, 20-oscillograph.
The installation schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment as shown in Figure 2, electrical network transient overvoltage capacitance partial pressure method measuring system mainly is made of A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4, B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5, C phase low-voltage arm electrode 6, A phase low-voltage capacitance 7, B phase low-voltage capacitance 8, C phase low-voltage capacitance 9.According to the arrangement position difference of three-phase conducting wire, all are different for the shape of A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4, B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5, C phase low-voltage arm electrode 6 and size.The arrangements of conductors mode that the utility model embodiment is adopted is that three-phase conducting wire is horizontal, and three low-voltage arm electrode size equate.A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4 and A low-voltage capacitance 7 mutually constitute A phase conductor transient overvoltages and measure capacitive dividers, B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5 and B low-voltage capacitance 8 mutually constitute B phase conductor transient overvoltages and measure capacitive dividers, C phase low-voltage arm electrode 6 and C low-voltage capacitance 9 mutually constitute C phase conductor transient overvoltages and measure capacitive dividers, are installed on position under A, B, the C lead respectively.
The distributed capacitance that forms between low-voltage arm electrode among Fig. 2 and the high-voltage conducting wires as shown in Figure 3.Each phase low-voltage arm electrode respectively and form distributed capacitance between the three-phase conducting wire.A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4 and A form the A-A distributed capacitance 10 between A phase low-voltage arm electrode and the A phase high-voltage conducting wires mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires 1, A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4 and B form the A-B distributed capacitance 11 between A phase low-voltage arm electrode and the B phase high-voltage conducting wires mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires 2, A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4 and C be the A-C distributed capacitance 12 between formation A phase low-voltage arm electrode and the C phase high-voltage conducting wires between the high-voltage conducting wires 3 mutually.B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5 and A form the B-A distributed capacitance 13 between B phase low-voltage arm electrode and the A phase high-voltage conducting wires mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires 1, B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5 and B form the B-B distributed capacitance 14 between B phase low-voltage arm electrode and the B phase high-voltage conducting wires mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires 2, B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5 and C be the B-C distributed capacitance 15 between formation B phase low-voltage arm electrode 5 and the C phase high-voltage conducting wires 3 between the high-voltage conducting wires 3 mutually.C phase low-voltage arm electrode 6 and A form the C-A distributed capacitance 16 between C phase low-voltage arm electrode and the A phase high-voltage conducting wires mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires 1, C phase low-voltage arm electrode 6 and B form the C-B distributed capacitance 17 between C phase low-voltage arm electrode and the B phase high-voltage conducting wires mutually between the high-voltage conducting wires 2, C phase low-voltage arm electrode 6 and C be the C-C distributed capacitance 18 between formation C phase low-voltage arm electrode and the C phase high-voltage conducting wires between the high-voltage conducting wires 3 mutually.
Every phase capacitive divider is introduced oscillograph by concentric cable and is carried out the measurement of transient overvoltage, as shown in Figure 4.With the B item is example, and B phase low-voltage capacitance 8 inserts oscillograph 20 through concentric cable 19.In this circuit,, all need the build-out resistor of connecting and equating in the front-end and back-end of concentric cable with the concentric cable impedance for preventing that wave reflection causes vibration in the concentric cable.
A phase transient overvoltage value Being exemplified below of the specific embodiment that draws: capacitive divider low-voltage arm proving installation of the present utility model is positioned under the three-phase high-voltage lead, and liftoff 2m symmetry is installed.Overhead distance between distance, high-voltage conducting wires thickness, the three-phase high-voltage lead etc. is relevant with high-voltage conducting wires for the shape of low-voltage arm electrode, size.Obtain desirable transient overvoltage waveform as needs,, determine rational capacitive divider intrinsic standoff ratio K, according to intrinsic standoff ratio optimization selection high-voltage capacitance and low-voltage capacitance size according to the electric pressure of high-voltage conducting wires.
A kind of 110kV electrical network transient overvoltage is measured, and the capacitive divider intrinsic standoff ratio is selected 10000: 1, and getting the lead distance to the ground is 8m, and wire pitch is 3.5m, and diameter of wire is 0.026m, when getting the low-voltage arm electrode diameter and being 1m, calculates high-voltage capacitance C 11=55pF, C 12=33pF, C 13=22pF, then for A phase low-voltage arm electrode 4, the high-voltage capacitance that itself and high-voltage conducting wires form is C 11+ C 12+ C 13=110pF, it is 0.011 μ F that calculating can get low-voltage capacitance 7.
Preliminary definite low-voltage capacitance is 0.011 μ F, and then the actual size of high-voltage capacitance is obtained by the test method based on matrix theory.Low-voltage arm electrode and three-phase conducting wire all can form distributed capacitance, and therefore, three low-voltage arm electrodes and three-phase conducting wire can form nine distributed capacitance.By setting up matrix, there is the relation of one 3 * 3 matrix between 3 * 1 matrixes that 3 * 1 matrixes that the high-voltage conducting wires voltage of three-phase forms and three phase capacitance voltage divider secondary output voltage form, promptly By the voltage of conversion three-phase conducting wire, can obtain different With By setting up system of equations, calculate actual intrinsic standoff ratio matrix In 9 coefficients, thereby set up the corresponding relation of three phase capacitance voltage divider secondary voltage and high-voltage conducting wires voltage.When one exists superpotential mutually, corresponding phase capacitive divider secondary output valve maximum.If superpotential, then basis appear in A mutually Can get

Claims (2)

1. the system of a measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method, it is characterized in that: it comprises high-voltage capacitance, capacitive divider and capacitive divider low-voltage arm measurement mechanism, the distributed capacitance that forms between the low-voltage arm electrode of high-voltage capacitance by high-voltage conducting wires and its high-voltage conducting wires below constitutes, low-voltage arm electrode and the low-voltage capacitance capacitive divider that is electrically connected to form, capacitive divider low-voltage arm measurement mechanism is made of capacitive divider, concentric cable and oscillograph, and the low-voltage capacitance of capacitive divider is connected with oscillograph by concentric cable.
2. the system of measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the capacitive divider low-voltage arm proving installation, the matched impedance that series connection equates with the concentric cable resistance value between concentric cable and capacitive divider and concentric cable and the oscillograph.
CN2010202380661U 2010-06-25 2010-06-25 System for measuring transient over-voltage of high-voltage power grid by adopting distributed capacitance method Expired - Lifetime CN201697961U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101893654A (en) * 2010-06-25 2010-11-24 国网电力科学研究院 Method and system for measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method
CN103278678A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-09-04 广州供电局有限公司 Lightning overvoltage measuring system
CN104330761A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-02-04 国家电网公司 Standard voltage ratio device for online error correction for voltage transformer and operation method
CN104833837A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 国网安徽省电力公司 Isolated pulse voltage real-time measurement system based on analog photoelectric conversion

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101893654A (en) * 2010-06-25 2010-11-24 国网电力科学研究院 Method and system for measuring transient overvoltage of high voltage power network through distribution capacitance method
CN103278678A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-09-04 广州供电局有限公司 Lightning overvoltage measuring system
CN104330761A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-02-04 国家电网公司 Standard voltage ratio device for online error correction for voltage transformer and operation method
CN104833837A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 国网安徽省电力公司 Isolated pulse voltage real-time measurement system based on analog photoelectric conversion

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