Solar heat collection and utilization system

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Publication number
CN201680610U
Authority
CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
boilers
heat collection
solar heat
solar
utilization
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201020157124
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柳治坡
柳福存
Original Assignee
柳福存
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of solar utilization, and discloses a solar heat collection and utilization system. The system comprises supports and groups of boilers, the lower end of each support is provided with a mirror line which comprises a plurality of reflecting mirrors, the groups of boilers comprise at least one group of boilers, each group of boilers comprise one or a plurality of boilers which are connected parallelly, the boilers correspond to the supports one by one and are arranged on the upper end of the supports at the focus of the mirror lines, each boiler comprises a water inlet pipe and an exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipes are connected with solar heat collection and utilization devices, and each group or a plurality of groups of boilers correspond to one solar heat collection and utilization device. The solar heat collection and utilization system has the advantages of simple structure, convenient operation and flexible size, can widely used for providing domestic water or generating power, does not occupy farmland, does not discharge pollutant and has low cost.

Description

一种太阳能集热利用系统 A solar collector system utilization

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于太阳能利用技术领域,具体涉及了一种太阳能集热利用系统。 [0001] The utility model belongs to the field of solar energy utilization technology, in particular to the use of a solar collector system. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 新能源是二十一世纪世界经济发展中最具决定力的五大技术领域之一。 [0002] The new energy is one of the five technology areas of the world economic development in the most decisive force in the 21st century. 太阳能是一种清洁、高效和永不衰竭的新能源。 Solar energy is a clean, efficient and everlasting new energy. 在新世纪中,各国政府都将太阳能资源利用作为国家可持续发展战略的重要内容,各种各样的利用太阳能的方法和装置也应运而生。 In the new century, Governments will use solar energy resources as a national sustainable development strategy, an important part of a variety of methods and apparatus for utilizing solar energy have emerged. 但是现有利用太阳能的装置,其结构一般都比较复杂,成本高,操作起来需要一定的技术性,缺乏灵活性,很难推广使用。 But the existing solar devices, which are generally more complex structure, high cost, the operation requires a certain technical, lack of flexibility, it is difficult to promote the use.

实用新型内容 Utility Model Content

[0003] 为克服现有技术的不足之处,本实用新型的目的在于提供一种结构简单、操作简便、大小灵活、成本低廉的太阳能集热利用系统。 [0003] In order to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, the utility model aims to provide a simple, easy to operate, the size of the flexible, low-cost solar collector system utilization.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本实用新型采取的技术方案如下: [0004] To achieve the above object, the present utility model scheme taken are as follows:

[0005] 一种太阳能集热利用系统,其特别之处在于:包括支架以及群组锅炉,支架下端设置有由若干个反光镜构成的镜列,群组锅炉包括至少一组锅炉,每组锅炉为一个锅炉或由若干个锅炉并联组成,锅炉与支架一一对应并且设置在位于镜列焦距处的支架上端,锅炉设置有进水管和排气管,排气管连接有太阳能集热利用装置,每组或多组锅炉对应一个太阳能集热利用装置。 [0005] The use of a solar collector system, which is unique in that: the group includes a bracket and boiler, the lower end of the bracket is provided with a mirror column, boiler consists of several groups constituting the mirror comprises at least one set of boilers, each boiler a boiler or boilers connected in parallel by a number of boiler-one correspondence with the holder and disposed in mirror columns located at the focal length upper bracket, the boiler is provided with inlet and exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe is connected to the use of solar collector system, each group or groups corresponding to the boiler use a solar collector device.

[0006] 所述太阳能集热利用装置为采暖供热装置,用以采暖、做饭等。 [0006] The use of solar collectors for the heating apparatus heating means for heating, cooking and so on.

[0007] 所述太阳能集热利用装置为蒸汽发电机,用以发电。 [0007] The use of solar heat collecting apparatus as steam generators for electricity.

[0008] 为形成一个完整的循环系统,避免资源浪费,所述蒸汽发电机连接有进水池,进水池与进水管连接。 [0008] To form a complete loop system to avoid waste of resources, the steam generator is connected into the pool, into the pool with the water inlet pipe connection.

[0009] 锅炉的上下面为透光保温玻璃,使之既可以透光又能起到很好的保温作用,锅炉四周设有保温材料层,锅炉内部设置有蛇形管,蛇形管的进口与进水管连接,出口与排气管连接。 Boilers [0009] The following is translucent insulating glass, so that both light transmittance and can play a very good insulation effect, boiler surrounded by a layer of insulation material, inside the boiler is provided with a serpentine, serpentine pipe imports connection with the inlet, outlet and exhaust pipe.

[0010] 为方便调节进水量以及锅炉烧制的蒸汽/开水/热水流量,同时也方便根据实际需要调节处于工作状态的群组锅炉的组数,以及每一组锅炉的锅炉个数,锅炉附近的进水管与排气管上均设置有阀门。 [0010] For the convenience of adjusting the amount of water and steam boilers fired / water / water flow, but also facilitate the actual number of groups according to the number of boilers need to adjust the boiler is in operation group, and each group of boilers, boiler near the inlet pipe and the exhaust pipe is provided with a valve.

[0011] 本实用新型使用方法: [0011] The utility model to use:

[0012] (1)快速进水,出热水。 [0012] (1) rapid water, hot water.

[0013] (2)缓进水,出开水。 [0013] (2) slow water, the water.

[0014] (3)慢慢进水,出蒸汽。 [0014] (3) the water slowly, out of steam.

[0015] 本实用新型采用若干个反光镜聚焦加热锅炉,因此锅炉的温度可以根据反光镜的块数而调节,锅炉的大小也可以根据每块反光镜的大小而调节。 [0015] By adopting a number of mirrors focusing heating boilers, boiler temperature can therefore block numbers mirror and adjust the size of the boiler can also be based on the size of each mirror is adjusted. 发电时,根据阳光强弱,最弱时群组锅炉供一台蒸汽发电机发电,然后随阳光加强,可供两台以上蒸汽发电机发电。 Power generation, according to the strength of the sun, while the weakest group boiler for a steam generator, and then strengthen with the sun for more than two steam generators. [0016] 本实用新型结构简单,操作简便,大小灵活,可广泛用于提供生活用水或用以发电,并且不占用耕地,无污染物排放,成本低廉。 [0016] The new structure is simple and practical, easy to operate, flexible size, can be widely used to generate electricity or to provide domestic water, and does not occupy arable land, no pollutant emissions and low cost.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1 :本实用新型太阳能集热利用系统的整体连接方式之一示意图; [0017] FIG. 1: One of the utility model is integrally connected manner utilizing solar collector system schematic;

[0018] 图2 :本实用新型太阳能集热利用系统的整体连接方式之二示意图; [0018] FIG. 2: The overall connection of the utility model solar collector systems use two schematic;

[0019] 图3 :本实用新型太阳能集热利用系统的整体连接方式之三示意图; [0019] FIG. 3: The overall connection of the utility model solar collector system utilizing three schematic;

[0020] 图4 :本实用新型中锅炉、镜列、支架部分局部连接结构示意图; [0020] FIG. 4: The utility model boiler, mirror column bracket portion connected to the local structure diagram;

[0021] 图5 :本实用新型中锅炉的结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 5: The utility model in the boiler structure diagram.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022] 以下结合附图和具体实施例对本实用新型的技术方案做进一地详细介绍,但本实用新型的保护范围并不局限于此: [0022] The following accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present utility model is a technical solution to make into detail, but the scope of protection of the utility model is not limited to:

[0023] 实施例1 [0023] Example 1

[0024] 如图1、图4、图5所示,一种太阳能集热利用系统,包括支架1以及群组锅炉,支架1下端设置有由若干个反光镜2构成的镜列,群组锅炉包括两组锅炉,每组锅炉由若干个锅炉3并联组成,锅炉3与支架1 一一对应并且设置在位于镜列焦距处的支架1上端,锅炉3 设置有进水管4和排气管5,锅炉3附近的进水管4与排气管5上均设置有阀门6,排气管5 连接有采暖供热装置7,每组锅炉对应一个采暖供热装置7。 [0024] FIG. 1, 4, as shown, the use of a solar collector system of Figure 5, including a holder and a boiler group, a lower end of the mirror holder 1 is provided with a plurality of columns by the mirror 2 formed, boiler groups including two boilers, each boiler by a number of boiler 3 connected in parallel, the stent 1-one correspondence with the boiler 3 and disposed in mirror columns located at the focal length of the upper end of the frame 1, boiler 3 is provided with a water inlet pipe 4 and exhaust pipe 5, 3 near the boiler feed pipe 4 and exhaust pipe 5 is provided with a valve 6, the exhaust pipe 5 connected to heating heating device 7, each corresponding to a heating boiler heating means 7. 其中,锅炉3的上下面为透光保温玻璃31,锅炉3四周设有保温材料层32,锅炉3内部设置有蛇形管33,蛇形管33的进口34与进水管4连接,出口35与排气管5连接。 Among them, the boiler is below 3 translucent insulating glass 31, the boiler 3 surrounded by insulation material layer 32, the third internal boiler is provided with a serpentine 33, serpentine inlet 34 and 33 connected to the inlet 4, outlet 35 exhaust pipe 5 connections.

[0025] 使用时,关闭排气管5上的阀门6同时打开进水管4上的阀门6,向锅炉3内部的蛇形管33内注水,太阳光照射反光镜2,由若干个反光镜2构成的镜列将其反射的太阳光聚焦后,穿透透光保温玻璃31,加热蛇形管33中的水,加热后,水变为蒸汽/开水/热水,打开排气管上的阀门6,蒸汽/开水/热水由排气管5输送到采暖供热装置7,用于采暖或做饭寸。 [0025] In use, to close the valve 5 on the exhaust pipe 6 while the inlet valve 4 opens on the 6, 3 to the boiler 33 water inside serpentine, sunlight reflector 2, by a plurality of mirrors 2 mirror column after its focus reflected sunlight, penetrate the transparent insulating glass 31, the heating coils 33 in water, heating water into steam / water / hot water, open the valve on the exhaust pipe configuration 6, steam / water / hot water from the exhaust pipe 5 to the heating heating means 7 for heating or cooking inch.

[0026] 实施例2 [0026] Example 2

[0027] 如图2、图4、图5所示,一种太阳能集热利用系统,包括支架1以及群组锅炉,支架1下端设置有由若干个反光镜2构成的镜列,群组锅炉包括两组锅炉,每组锅炉由若干个锅炉3并联组成,锅炉3与支架1 一一对应并且设置在位于镜列焦距处的支架1上端,锅炉3 设置有进水管4和排气管5,锅炉3附近的进水管4与排气管5上均设置有阀门6,排气管5 连接有蒸汽发电机8,每组锅炉分别对应一个蒸汽发电机8,蒸汽发电机8通过排气管5连接有进水池9,进水池9与进水管4连接。 [0027] Figures 2, 4, 5, the use of a solar collector system, comprising a stent and a group of the boiler, the lower end of the mirror holder 1 is provided with a plurality of columns by the mirror 2 formed, boiler groups including two boilers, each boiler by a number of boiler 3 connected in parallel, the stent 1-one correspondence with the boiler 3 and disposed in mirror columns located at the focal length of the upper end of the frame 1, boiler 3 is provided with a water inlet pipe 4 and exhaust pipe 5, 3 near the boiler feed pipe 4 and exhaust pipe 5 is provided with a valve 6, the exhaust pipe 5 connected to the steam generator 8, each corresponding to a boiler steam generator 8, the steam generator exhaust pipe 5 through 8 9 is connected into the pool, into the pool 94 connected to the inlet. 其中,锅炉3的上下面为透光保温玻璃31,锅炉四周设有保温材料层32,锅炉3内部设置有蛇形管33,蛇形管33的进口34与进水管4连接,出口35与排气管5连接。 Among them, the boiler is below 3 translucent insulating glass 31, boiler surrounded by a layer of insulation material 32, 3 inside the boiler 33 is provided with a serpentine, serpentine inlet port 3433 and inlet connection 4, 35 and the discharge outlet pipe 5 connections.

[0028] 使用时,关闭排气管5上的阀门6同时打开进水管4上的阀门6,由进水池9向锅炉3内部的蛇形管33内注水,太阳光照射反光镜2,由若干个反光镜2构成的镜列将其反射的太阳光聚焦后,穿透透光保温玻璃31,加热蛇形管33中的水,加热后,水变为蒸汽,打开排气管上的阀门6,蒸汽由排气管5输送到蒸汽发电机8发电,蒸汽发电机8的废汽排入进水池9循环利用。 [0028] When in use, close the valve on the exhaust pipe 5 6 simultaneously open the inlet valve 4 on the 6 by 9 into the pool to the boiler 33 3 Internal serpentine water, sunlight reflector 2, by a number of mirror mirror 2 after a column formed to focus the reflected sunlight, penetrate the transparent insulating glass 31, the heating coils 33 in water, heating water into steam, open the valve on the exhaust pipe 6 steam from the exhaust pipe 5 to the steam generator 8 power, steam generator exhaust steam discharged into the pool 8 9 recycling.

[0029] 实施例3 [0029] Example 3

[0030] 如图3、图4、图5所示,与实施例2基本相同,不同之处在于两组锅炉共同对应-个蒸汽发电机8。 [0030] As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5, and substantially the same as in Example 2, except that the corresponding two common boiler - a steam generator 8.

Claims (6)

  1. 一种太阳能集热利用系统,其特征在于:包括支架以及群组锅炉,支架下端设置有由若干个反光镜构成的镜列,群组锅炉包括至少一组锅炉,每组锅炉为一个锅炉或由若干个锅炉并联组成,锅炉与支架一一对应并且设置在位于镜列焦距处的支架上端,锅炉设置有进水管和排气管,排气管连接有太阳能集热利用装置,每组或多组锅炉对应一个太阳能集热利用装置。 A solar collector utilization system comprising: a bracket and a group boiler, the lower end of the bracket is provided with a lens column, the boiler consists of several groups consisting of mirrors comprises at least one set of boilers, each boiler is a boiler or by the several parallel composition boilers, boiler-one correspondence with the bracket and disposed mirror columns located at the focal length upper bracket, the boiler is provided with inlet and exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe is connected to the use of solar collector device, or each group boiler corresponds to a solar collector utilization device.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的太阳能集热利用系统,其特征在于:所述太阳能集热利用装置为采暖供热装置。 2. The use of solar collector system according to claim 1, wherein: said heating means is a solar collector heat utilization device.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的太阳能集热利用系统,其特征在于:所述太阳能集热利用装置为蒸汽发电机。 The use of a solar collector system according to claim, characterized in that: the solar heat collecting apparatus utilizing steam generator.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的太阳能集热利用系统,其特征在于:所述蒸汽发电机连接有进水池,进水池与进水管连接。 4. The use of solar collector system according to claim 3, wherein: the steam generator is connected into the pool, into the pool with the water inlet pipe connection.
  5. 5.如权利要求1〜4之任意一项所述的太阳能集热利用系统,其特征在于:锅炉的上下面为透光保温玻璃,锅炉四周设有保温材料层,锅炉内部设置有蛇形管,蛇形管的进口与进水管连接,出口与排气管连接。 5. The use of any of ~ 4 of the solar collector system according to claim, characterized in that: the boiler is below the translucent insulating glass, boiler surrounded by a layer of insulation material, inside the boiler is provided with a serpentine tube import serpentine tube and the water inlet pipe is connected with the exhaust pipe connected to the outlet.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的太阳能集热利用系统,其特征在于:锅炉附近的进水管与排气管上均设置有阀门。 6. The use of solar collector system according to claim 5, characterized in that: the boiler near the inlet pipe and an exhaust pipe provided with a valve.

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104508371A (en) * 2013-02-22 2015-04-08 三浦工业株式会社 Boiler system
CN104508371B (en) * 2013-02-22 2015-11-25 三浦工业株式会社 Boiler system

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