CN201672661U - Biomass fuel hot-water boiler - Google Patents

Biomass fuel hot-water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201672661U
CN201672661U CN2010202127733U CN201020212773U CN201672661U CN 201672661 U CN201672661 U CN 201672661U CN 2010202127733 U CN2010202127733 U CN 2010202127733U CN 201020212773 U CN201020212773 U CN 201020212773U CN 201672661 U CN201672661 U CN 201672661U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
plate
biomass fuel
water boiler
row
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010202127733U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝继福
Original Assignee
北京兆泰新能源有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京兆泰新能源有限公司 filed Critical 北京兆泰新能源有限公司
Priority to CN2010202127733U priority Critical patent/CN201672661U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201672661U publication Critical patent/CN201672661U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a boiler for burning biofuel. A biomass fuel hot-water boiler comprises a boiler body, wherein a material inlet opening, a smoke outlet opening, an ash removing opening and a water outlet opening are arranged on the furnace body, a material hopper device is arranged at the material inlet opening, a material feeding device is arranged under the material hopper device, a boiler body arranged above the material feeding device is divided into a gasification chamber and a combustion chamber, and an ignition combustion device is arranged in the combustion chamber. The boiler integrals the gas preparation, ignition, combustion, heat transfer, dust removal and self control of each system into a whole body. The structure is compact, the area of the occupied ground is small, the installation, the operation and the maintenance are convenient, the appearance is attractive, the combustion and heat transfer efficiency is high, and the smoke exhaust contaminants are very few.

Description

The biomass fuel hot-water boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of boiler of the bio-fuel that burns.
Background technology
The world today, energy-conservation and environmental protection is two very great problems, and is increasing to the demand of the energy along with the construction and the development of society, and coal and reserves are limited, it is non-renewable.Gu current unresolved this contradiction, many advanced countries all the exploitation regenerative resource.Wherein utilizing biomass fuel is exactly an important aspect.Greatly develop biomass fuel, enlarge forest and green plants, but environment purification not only also meets the direction of current low-carbon (LC) life.China is large agricultural country, and the forest amount is also bigger, the resource of very abundant biomass fuel is arranged, but lack the good method of utilizing.Many fuel directly burn and cause serious environmental to pollute, and have also wasted the valuable energy.Aspect heat energy utilization, though China has developed some biomass fuel heat energy utilization equipment, according to monitoring divisional divisionalized data these equipment ubiquity incomplete combustion also, disposal of pollutants exceeds standard, and problem such as the thermal efficiency is on the low side.In the world today, building and heating, bathing, water boiler are very big in the quantity of China, and the whole nation has hundreds thousand of more than.Annual quantity combusted can reach several ten million tons.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to avoid the deficiencies in the prior art that a kind of burning-used biologic mass fuel is provided, the biomass fuel hot-water boiler of the heating of efficient, low pollution emission, bathing, drinking-water.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is: a kind of biomass fuel biomass fuel hot-water boiler, comprise body of heater, body of heater is provided with charging aperture, outlet flue, ash disposal mouth, delivery port, the place is provided with magazine attachment at described charging aperture, and the magazine attachment below is provided with pay-off; The body of heater of pay-off top is divided into vaporizer and combustion chamber, is provided with the ignition device in the combustion chamber.
Further, described magazine attachment includes hopper, is provided with air inlet above hopper, is provided with the material gate between the discharge end of hopper and the described charging aperture.
Further, described pay-off comprises stepped row's plate, is provided with grey car at the end of arranging plate.
Further, described row's plate comprises fixing row's plate and arranges the surplus combustion row plate that plate links to each other with activity row's plate of its linking and with activity.
Further, described ignition device is made up of last chimney arch, following chimney arch, and upper and lower chimney arch surrounds the high-temp combustion cavity; Be provided with dividing plate in the cavity above last chimney arch cavity is divided into first cavity and second cavity; First cavity is provided with port by the front end at last chimney arch and is connected with the high-temp combustion cavity, is provided with airduct in the port both sides, and airduct is communicated with port; Second cavity is connected with the high-temp combustion cavity by fire output hole; Front end at following chimney arch is provided with into fire hole, and the high-temp combustion cavity is connected with the cavity of body of heater below by advancing fire hole.
Further, also include air-intake device, described air-intake device is included in the shutter that the grey car front end of described pay-off is provided with, and is provided with at least one air inlet below row's plate of pay-off, is provided with the wind hole in the high-temp combustion cavity of described ignition device.
Further, also include automatic temp controller, automatic temp controller includes row's plate decelerator that the double speed air-introduced machine, the delivery port place that are arranged on ash disposal mouth place and are provided with are provided with temperature controller, are connected with row's plate below.
Further, described body of heater is to be surrounded by water jacket.
Further, the outer surface at described body of heater is provided with one deck heat-insulation layer at least.
Further, in described outlet flue, be provided with explosion-proof bleeder valve.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
This stove collection system gas, igniting, burning, heat transfer, ventilation, dedusting, each system of automatic control can be integral.Compact conformation, floor space is little, and installation and operation is easy to maintenance, good looking appearance, burning and heat transfer efficiency height, the smoke-discharging pollution thing is extremely low.Use green regenerative energy sources, reduce customer investment and operating cost to greatest extent, the protection environment, energy savings meets current energy-saving and emission-reduction low-carbon (LC) direction.Plant pressed fuels such as incendivity stalk, rice husk, wood chip, corncob, leaf, all right burning briquette, raw coal.It is also very strong that the fuel particle degree is changed adaptability.Can supply building and heating and bathing, boiling water usefulness, reinforced, burning all can realize mechanization, automation, and can realize automatic temperature-controlled.This stove normal pressure operation also is provided with explosion-proof bleed-off system, and is safe and reliable to operation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing principle of the present utility model and feature are described, institute gives an actual example and only is used to explain the utility model, is not to be used to limit scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of biomass fuel biomass fuel hot-water boiler comprises body of heater 1, and body of heater is provided with charging aperture, outlet flue, ash disposal mouth, delivery port, and described body of heater is to be surrounded by water jacket.Charging aperture 2,2 places are provided with magazine attachment 3 at described charging aperture, and magazine attachment 3 belows are provided with pay-off 4; The body of heater of pay-off 4 tops is divided into vaporizer 5 and combustion chamber 6, is provided with ignition device 7 in combustion chamber 6.Outer surface at described body of heater is provided with one deck heat-insulation layer 10 at least.In described outlet flue, be provided with explosion-proof bleeder valve.
Described magazine attachment 3 includes hopper 31, is provided with air inlet 32 above hopper 31, is provided with material gate 33 between the discharge end of hopper 31 and the described charging aperture 2.
Described pay-off 4 comprises stepped row's plate, is provided with grey car 41 at the end of arranging plate.Described row's plate comprises fixing row's plate 42 and arranges the surplus combustion row plate 44 that plate 43 links to each other with the activity row plate 43 of its linking and with activity.
Described ignition device 7 is made up of last chimney arch 71, following chimney arch 72, and upper and lower chimney arch surrounds high-temp combustion cavity 73; Be provided with dividing plate in the cavity above last chimney arch 71 cavity is divided into first cavity 74 and second cavity 75; First cavity is provided with port 76 by the front end at last chimney arch and is connected with high-temp combustion cavity 73, is provided with airduct 77 in port 76 both sides, and airduct 77 is communicated with port 76; Second cavity 75 is connected with high-temp combustion cavity 73 by fire output hole 76; Front end at following chimney arch 72 is provided with into fire hole 78, and high-temp combustion cavity 73 is connected with the cavity of body of heater below by advancing fire hole 78.
Also include air-intake device 8, described air-intake device is included in the shutter 81 that the grey car front end of described pay-off is provided with, below row's plate of pay-off, be provided with two air inlets 82, in the high-temp combustion cavity of described ignition device, be provided with wind hole 83.
Also include automatic temp controller 9, row's plate decelerator 93 that automatic temp controller includes the double speed air-introduced machine 91 that is arranged on ash disposal mouth place, the temperature controller 92 that is arranged on delivery port, is connected with row's plate below.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and is in order to restriction the utility model, not all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of being done, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a biomass fuel hot-water boiler comprises body of heater, and body of heater is provided with charging aperture, outlet flue, ash disposal mouth, delivery port, it is characterized in that, the place is provided with magazine attachment at described charging aperture, and the magazine attachment below is provided with pay-off; The body of heater of pay-off top is divided into vaporizer and combustion chamber, is provided with the ignition device in the combustion chamber.
2. biomass fuel hot-water boiler as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described magazine attachment includes hopper, is provided with air inlet above hopper, is provided with the material gate between the discharge end of hopper and the described charging aperture.
3. biomass fuel hot-water boiler as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described pay-off comprises stepped row's plate, is provided with grey car at the end of arranging plate.
4. biomass fuel hot-water boiler as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described row's plate comprises fixing row's plate and arranges the surplus combustion row plate that plate links to each other with activity row's plate of its linking and with activity.
5. biomass fuel hot-water boiler as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described ignition device is made up of last chimney arch, following chimney arch, and upper and lower chimney arch surrounds the high-temp combustion cavity; Be provided with dividing plate in the cavity above last chimney arch cavity is divided into first cavity and second cavity; First cavity is connected with the high-temp combustion cavity by port by the front end at last chimney arch, is provided with airduct in the port both sides, and airduct is communicated with port; Second cavity is connected with the high-temp combustion cavity by fire output hole; Front end at following chimney arch is provided with into fire hole, and the high-temp combustion cavity is connected with the cavity of body of heater below by advancing fire hole.
6. as the arbitrary described biomass fuel hot-water boiler of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, also include air-intake device, described air-intake device is included in the shutter that the grey car front end of described pay-off is provided with, below row's plate of pay-off, be provided with at least one air inlet, in the high-temp combustion cavity of described ignition device, be provided with the wind hole.
7. as the arbitrary described biomass fuel hot-water boiler of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, also include automatic temp controller, automatic temp controller includes row's plate decelerator that the double speed air-introduced machine, the delivery port place that are arranged on ash disposal mouth place and are provided with are provided with temperature controller, are connected with row's plate below.
8. as the arbitrary described biomass fuel hot-water boiler of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that described body of heater is to be surrounded by water jacket.
9. as the arbitrary described biomass fuel hot-water boiler of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, be provided with one deck heat-insulation layer at least at the outer surface of described body of heater.
10. as the arbitrary described biomass fuel hot-water boiler of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, in described outlet flue, be provided with explosion-proof bleeder valve.
CN2010202127733U 2010-06-02 2010-06-02 Biomass fuel hot-water boiler CN201672661U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202127733U CN201672661U (en) 2010-06-02 2010-06-02 Biomass fuel hot-water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202127733U CN201672661U (en) 2010-06-02 2010-06-02 Biomass fuel hot-water boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201672661U true CN201672661U (en) 2010-12-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010202127733U CN201672661U (en) 2010-06-02 2010-06-02 Biomass fuel hot-water boiler

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102353137A (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-02-15 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic industrial furnace by burning biofuels
CN102705813A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-03 熊玉明 Boiler combustion method for biomass fuel and boiler for biomass fuel
CN103134178A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-05 桂林市宏远能源科技服务有限公司 High efficient water heater capable of making full use of biomass fuels
CN104764039A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-08 吉林大学 Boiler arch of small biomass boiler

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102353137A (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-02-15 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic industrial furnace by burning biofuels
CN102705813A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-03 熊玉明 Boiler combustion method for biomass fuel and boiler for biomass fuel
CN103134178A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-05 桂林市宏远能源科技服务有限公司 High efficient water heater capable of making full use of biomass fuels
CN104764039A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-08 吉林大学 Boiler arch of small biomass boiler
CN104764039B (en) * 2015-04-27 2017-05-10 吉林大学 Boiler arch of small biomass boiler

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101215

Termination date: 20130602

C17 Cessation of patent right