CN201632932U - Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device - Google Patents

Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201632932U
CN201632932U CN2009201774856U CN200920177485U CN201632932U CN 201632932 U CN201632932 U CN 201632932U CN 2009201774856 U CN2009201774856 U CN 2009201774856U CN 200920177485 U CN200920177485 U CN 200920177485U CN 201632932 U CN201632932 U CN 201632932U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cover
lubricating oil
control valve
grinding
nanometer powder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201774856U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李长河
刘占瑞
丁玉成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao University of Technology
Original Assignee
Qingdao University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao University of Technology filed Critical Qingdao University of Technology
Priority to CN2009201774856U priority Critical patent/CN201632932U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201632932U publication Critical patent/CN201632932U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to grinding equipment, in particular to a nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device. The device is characterized in that the device is provided with a lubricating oil storage tank 2, a water storage tank 3 and a nanometer powder storage tank 4, wherein a flow control valve and a power supply device are connected below each storage tank. When in work, high pressure air, lubricating oil, water and nanometer powder are transported to a mixing zone 17 for atomization, so as to form nanoparticle and water-in-oil grinding fluid which are transported to a grinding and processing area through a flexible pipe 19 and a sprayer 20. The consumption of the grinding fluid is low, and the consumption of general lubricating oil is no more than 50 ml/h, which accounts for twentieth to fiftieth of that in the traditional processing method. The consumption of the nanometer powder is no more than 100 g/h, compressed air also takes chip removing and cooling effects, workpiece cleaning procedures are simplified, the service life of the cleaning agent is greatly prolonged, a cooling circulatory system is omitted, and the energy consumption is greatly reduced. Frictions between a small tool and workpieces and between a tool and cuttings are effectively reduced, the service lives of the tools are long, the processing quality is improved, and various disadvantages caused by use of a great amount of grinding fluid in the conventional pouring process can be avoided. Not only is the work efficiency improved, but also the environmental pollution is avoided.

Description

Nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of equipment for grinding, promptly a kind of nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment.
Background technology
Grinding is the important process in the machine-building process.In traditional Grinding Process, need a large amount of grinding fluids.Grinding fluid have cooling, lubricated, cleaning, antirust, reduce grinding force and improve effect such as workpiece surface quality, but it also brings many problems, wherein, the most important thing is to increase cost and problem of environmental pollution.For example: the chlorine that uses during grinding is grinding fluid, when incineration of liquor, can produce carcinogen-two chalk English, causes environmental pollution.Make water, mineral oil and additive make emulsion and newborn little liquid during grinding, have good thermal diffusivity and greasy property.But liquid waste processing is costly.Germany did to investigate to automobile factory, and the result who obtains is: tool expense only accounts for the 2-4% of processing cost, but the expense relevant with grinding fluid, but accounted for the 7-7% of cost, was 3-5 times of tool expense.Energy consumption in the machining, the power that spindle operation needs accounts for 20%, and the energy consumption relevant with cooling and lubricating but accounts for 53%.This explanation, along with the raising of environmental requirement, the cheap advantage of traditional grinding fluid does not exist, even becomes the obstacle that influences production development.From point of view of environment protection, ideal without the dry abrasive cutting of grinding fluid, but the caloric value of dry grinding is big, vibration is big, can shorten cutter life, influence machining accuracy and surface quality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is: provide a kind of under the prerequisite of guaranteeing greasy property and cooling effect, use minimal grinding fluid micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment.
Above-mentioned purpose is realized by following technical scheme: develop a kind of nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment, be characterized in: three holding vessels are housed on a box outer cover, it is the lubricating oil holding vessel, water store tank and nanometer grade powder holding vessel, be connected to flow of lubrication control valve and lubricating oil press pump on the end opening pipeline of lubricating oil holding vessel, be connected to discharge control valve and water hydraulic pump on the water store tank end opening, be connected to powder mass flow controller and sand-blasting machine on the nanometer grade powder holding vessel end opening pipeline, three pipelines are respectively by the lubricating oil press pump, water hydraulic pump and sand-blasting machine connect the mixed zone in the box outer cover; Side at outer cover is provided with air compressor, and the high-pressure air pipe of air compressor inserts the mixed zone in the box outer cover; Box outer cover external hose and shower nozzle are stretched out through the gas outlet flow control valve in the mixed zone.
Said lubricating oil holding vessel is positioned at the rightmost side, top of outer cover, and end opening connects woven hose, and flow of lubrication control valve and lubricating oil press pump are arranged on the woven hose; Water store tank is positioned in the middle of the outer cover top, and end opening connects woven hose, and discharge control valve and water hydraulic pump are arranged on the woven hose; The nanometer powder holding vessel is positioned at the leftmost side, outer cover top, and end opening connects blast tube, and the powder mass flow controller is arranged on the blast tube, and the bottom is connected to sand-blasting machine; Air compressor is contained in the outer cover left side, its air intake is connected to flow control valve and air filter, air outlet slit divides two pipelines to enter outer cover, one directly enters the mixed zone by high-pressure air pipe, it is two by after dividing the flow tube control valve, converge with the nanometer powder carrier pipe earlier, enter the mixed zone again.
Magnetic devices all is installed on said outer cover and the flexible pipe.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the grinding fluid consumption is few, and general lubricating oil consumption is not more than 50ml/h, has only the 1/20-1/50 of traditional diamond-making technique.The nanometer powder consumption is not more than 100g/h, and compressed air can play gets rid of abrasive dust and cooling effect.Adhere to grinding fluid on the workpiece seldom, can simplify the workpiece cleaning operation, prolong the life-span of cleaning agent significantly.Save cooling recirculation system, cut down the consumption of energy in a large number.Can effectively reduce the friction between cutter and workpiece, cutter and the smear metal, prevent bonding, prolong cutter life, improve machined surface quality.Ground effect significantly strengthens, and its surface roughness and residual stress index are obviously optimized.Thereby avoided the various disadvantages of prior art, reached and both improved work efficiency, avoided the purpose of environmental pollution again.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the mixed zone enlarged diagram of this embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the parts shower nozzle schematic diagram of this embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the parts shower nozzle schematic diagram of this embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the roughness effect contrast figure of this enforcement and prior art;
Fig. 6 is the residual stress effect contrast figure of this enforcement and prior art.
Among the figure as seen: outer cover 1, lubricating oil holding vessel 2, water store tank 3, nanometer grade powder holding vessel 4, air compressor 5, air filter 6, air intake control valve 7, air inlet 8, powder mass flow controller 9, discharge control valve 10, flow of lubrication control valve 11, sand-blasting machine 12, water hydraulic pump 13, lubricating oil press pump 14 divides flow tube control valve 15, high-pressure air pipe 16, mixed zone 17, gas outlet flow control valve 18, flexible pipe 19, shower nozzle 20, high pressure draught 21, lubricant oil feeding pipe 22, feed pipe 23, nanometer powder carrier pipe 24, spray chamber 25.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1: the main body of nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment is the box outer cover 1 that an iron sheet is made, and there are three different holding vessels the top of outer cover 1, is respectively lubricating oil holding vessel 2, water store tank 3 and nanometer grade powder holding vessel 4.Lubricating oil holding vessel 2 is positioned at the rightmost side, top of outer cover 1, and end opening connects woven hose, and flow of lubrication control valve 11 and lubricating oil press pump 14 are arranged on the woven hose.Water store tank 3 is positioned in the middle of outer cover 1 top, and end opening connects woven hose, and discharge control valve 10 and water hydraulic pump 13 are arranged on the woven hose; Nanometer powder holding vessel 4 is positioned at the leftmost side, outer cover 1 top, and end opening connects blast tube, and powder mass flow controller 9 is arranged on the blast tube, and the bottom is connected to sand-blasting machine 12.Three pipelines connect mixed zone 17 in the box outer cover 1 by lubricating oil press pump 14, water hydraulic pump 13 and sand-blasting machine 12 respectively.
Side at outer cover 1 is provided with air compressor 5, and the high-pressure air pipe 16 of air compressor 5 connects the mixed zone 17 in the box outer cover 1; As shown in Figure 1, air compressor 5 is contained in outer cover (1) left side, its air intake 8 is connected to flow control valve 7 and air filter 6, air outlet slit divides two pipelines to enter outer cover 1, one directly enters mixed zone 17 by high-pressure air pipe 16, it converges with nanometer powder carrier pipe 24 earlier two by after dividing flow tube control valve 15, enters mixed zone 17 again.
Box outer cover 1 external hose 19 and shower nozzle 20 are stretched out through gas outlet flow control valve 18 in mixed zone 17.The water, lubricating oil, nanometer powder and the pressure-air that enter mixed zone 17 are at spray chamber 25 mixed aerosols, and by flexible pipe 19, shower nozzle 20 is transported to the grinding district again.
On outer cover 1 and the flexible pipe 19 magnetic devices is installed all, can be installed on the lathe very easily.
Fig. 2 introduction be the structural representation of spray chamber 25: lubricating oil, water, nanometer powder is respectively by fuel feed pump 22, feed pipe 23, nanometer powder carrier pipe 24 and mix mutually from high pressure draught 21 pressure-airs, form the vaporific grinding fluid that the nanometer grade powder particle by small Water-In-Oil oil droplet and suspension constitutes at spray chamber 25, brought into flexible pipe 19 by high pressure draught, arrive grinding area by shower nozzle 20.
Shower nozzle 20 can have a plurality of, and its shape can be a circle hole shape shower nozzle shown in Figure 3, also can be flat shape of the mouth as one speaks shower nozzle shown in Figure 4, can select according to the size of machining area.
Fig. 5, Fig. 6 are the nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding of this device and the work quality contrast figure of traditional casting grinding.Wherein Fig. 5 is the contrast of roughness (μ m), and Fig. 6 is the contrast of surface residual stress (MPa).The icon of mark A is a nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding operational indicator, and mark B's is the operational indicator of traditional casting grinding.As seen, the lifting rate of nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding ratio tradition cooling grinding fluid becomes ten thousand times minimizing, and work quality significantly improves.

Claims (3)

1. one kind contains nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment, it is characterized in that: three holding vessels are housed on a box outer cover (1), be lubricating oil holding vessel (2), water store tank (3) and nanometer grade powder holding vessel (4), be connected to flow of lubrication control valve (11) and lubricating oil press pump (14) on the end opening pipeline of lubricating oil holding vessel (2), be connected to discharge control valve (10) and water hydraulic pump (13) on water store tank (3) end opening, be connected to powder mass flow controller (9) and sand-blasting machine (12) on nanometer grade powder holding vessel (4) the end opening pipeline, three pipelines are respectively by lubricating oil press pump (14), water hydraulic pump (13) and sand-blasting machine (12) connect the mixed zone (17) in the box outer cover (1); In a side of outer cover (1), be provided with air compressor (5), the high-pressure air pipe (16) of air compressor (5) connects the mixed zone (17) in the box outer cover (1); Box outer cover (1) external hose (19) and shower nozzle (20) are stretched out through gas outlet flow control valve (18) in mixed zone (17).
2. nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said lubricating oil holding vessel (2) is positioned at the rightmost side, top of outer cover (1), end opening connects woven hose, and flow of lubrication control valve (11) and lubricating oil press pump (14) are arranged on the woven hose; Water store tank (3) is positioned in the middle of outer cover (1) top, and end opening connects woven hose, and discharge control valve (10) and water hydraulic pump (13) are arranged on the woven hose; Nanometer powder holding vessel (4) is positioned at the leftmost side, outer cover (1) top, and end opening connects blast tube, and powder mass flow controller (9) is arranged on the blast tube, and the bottom is connected to sand-blasting machine (12); Air compressor (5) is contained in outer cover (1) left side, its air intake (8) is connected to flow control valve (7) and air filter (6), air outlet slit divides two pipelines to enter outer cover (1), one directly enters mixed zone (17) by high-pressure air pipe (16), it is two by after dividing flow tube control valve (15), converge with nanometer powder carrier pipe (24) earlier, enter mixed zone (17) again.
3. nanometer powder micro lubricating cooling grinding attachment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on outer cover (1) and the flexible pipe (19) magnetic devices is installed all.
CN2009201774856U 2009-09-09 2009-09-09 Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device Expired - Fee Related CN201632932U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201774856U CN201632932U (en) 2009-09-09 2009-09-09 Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201774856U CN201632932U (en) 2009-09-09 2009-09-09 Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201632932U true CN201632932U (en) 2010-11-17

Family

ID=43077411

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009201774856U Expired - Fee Related CN201632932U (en) 2009-09-09 2009-09-09 Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201632932U (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102267098A (en) * 2011-07-12 2011-12-07 青岛理工大学 Process method for grinding nickel-base alloy through jet flow of carbon nano tubes
CN102658526A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-09-12 青岛理工大学 Nanoparticle jet flow minimum quantity lubrication grinding lubricant supply system
CN102861844A (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-09 安徽安簧机械股份有限公司 Forging mold releasing agent spraying device
CN102990525A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-03-27 萧县佳诚造纸机械有限责任公司 Novel sand blower
CN103196026A (en) * 2013-04-12 2013-07-10 桐乡双玛机械有限公司 Solid minimal quantity lubricating device
CN103454190A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-18 青岛理工大学 Method and device for measuring particle size of nano particle jet minimum quantity lubrication grinding droplets
CN106826391A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-13 江苏科技大学 A kind of nano-fluid oil film water droplet electrostatic controllable jet cutting process and device
CN111117750A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-08 上海阿道润滑科技有限公司 Trace lubricating oil, preparation method and supply device thereof
CN112387438A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-23 南京工程学院 Gas-liquid-solid three-phase uniformly-mixed nanofluid low-temperature spray jet generation device and method and application thereof

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102861844A (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-09 安徽安簧机械股份有限公司 Forging mold releasing agent spraying device
CN102267098A (en) * 2011-07-12 2011-12-07 青岛理工大学 Process method for grinding nickel-base alloy through jet flow of carbon nano tubes
CN102658526A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-09-12 青岛理工大学 Nanoparticle jet flow minimum quantity lubrication grinding lubricant supply system
CN102990525A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-03-27 萧县佳诚造纸机械有限责任公司 Novel sand blower
CN103196026A (en) * 2013-04-12 2013-07-10 桐乡双玛机械有限公司 Solid minimal quantity lubricating device
CN103196026B (en) * 2013-04-12 2016-02-24 桐乡双玛机械有限公司 Solid minimum quantity lubrication device
CN103454190A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-18 青岛理工大学 Method and device for measuring particle size of nano particle jet minimum quantity lubrication grinding droplets
CN103454190B (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-05-20 青岛理工大学 Method and device for measuring particle size of nano particle jet minimum quantity lubrication grinding droplets
CN106826391A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-13 江苏科技大学 A kind of nano-fluid oil film water droplet electrostatic controllable jet cutting process and device
CN106826391B (en) * 2017-03-14 2019-06-21 江苏科技大学 A kind of nano-fluid oil film water droplet electrostatic controllable jet cutting process and device
CN111117750A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-08 上海阿道润滑科技有限公司 Trace lubricating oil, preparation method and supply device thereof
CN112387438A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-23 南京工程学院 Gas-liquid-solid three-phase uniformly-mixed nanofluid low-temperature spray jet generation device and method and application thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201632932U (en) Nanometer powder minimal quantity lubricating, cooling and grinding device
CN102430983B (en) Two-side material supply type high-pressure grinding material water jet flow polishing device
CN102658526B (en) Nanoparticle jet flow minimum quantity lubrication grinding lubricant supply system
CN102275088B (en) Low-temperature atomized lubrication cooling system
CN101722477B (en) Process for grinding nanometer fluid
CN202278445U (en) Oil mist cooling device for metal cutting machine tool
CN103522118B (en) Nested type water, oily gentle three-phase mixing nozzle and comprise the nozzle system of this nozzle
CN102287606A (en) Nano particle jet flow micro-scale lubricating and grinding three-phase flow supply system
CN104227494A (en) Automatic supply system of composite spray cooling oil for machining
CN201227778Y (en) Grinding fluid atomizing fluidic device
CN2865992Y (en) Metal cutting working spraying cooling device
CN202155801U (en) Three-phase fluid feeding nozzle for minimal quantity lubrication type grinding
CN201559085U (en) High-pressure atomization cooling equipment of metal cutting fluid
CN201070724Y (en) Metal working fluid atomizing and refrigerating device
CN101574631A (en) Oil-gas mixing regulating distributor
CN103551914B (en) Half-dry type cutting processing system
CN203509100U (en) Machine tool
CN202572162U (en) Gas hood type minimum quantity lubrication feeding device
CN204160258U (en) For the automatic supply system of combined mist cooling oil of machining
CN209986648U (en) Trace lubricating system is used in wheel hub processing
CN204160259U (en) For the central lubricating system of the machining micro lubricating type of cooling
CN202200107U (en) Filtering and cooling device of numerically controlled gantry machine tool
CN203726262U (en) Energy-saving minimum quantity lubrication system
CN206216375U (en) A kind of cutting fluid holding vessel and machine processing system
CN206373701U (en) A kind of lathe cools down micro- lubricating arrangement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101117

Termination date: 20110909

C17 Cessation of patent right