CN201626907U - Device for treating garlic wastewater - Google Patents

Device for treating garlic wastewater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201626907U
CN201626907U CN2010201156936U CN201020115693U CN201626907U CN 201626907 U CN201626907 U CN 201626907U CN 2010201156936 U CN2010201156936 U CN 2010201156936U CN 201020115693 U CN201020115693 U CN 201020115693U CN 201626907 U CN201626907 U CN 201626907U
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China
Prior art keywords
tank
communicated
aeration tank
aeration
anaerobic
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010201156936U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯学岭
庞清江
王立兴
张丽华
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冯学岭
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Priority to CN2010201156936U priority Critical patent/CN201626907U/en
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Publication of CN201626907U publication Critical patent/CN201626907U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a device for treating garlic wastewater. The device comprises a garlic wastewater aggregating tank, a filtering tank, a sedimentation tank, a regulating tank, an anaerobic tank and an aeration tank which are sequentially communicated through pipelines, wherein sludge discharge pipes communicated with a sludge tank are arranged below the filtering tank, the sedimentation tank, the regulating tank, the anaerobic tank and the aeration tank respectively. The device is characterized in that three grilles taking the shape of wire mesh screens are arranged in the filtering tank, and a handle is arranged at the upper end of each grille; a lid with a handle is mounted on the sludge discharge pipe opening of the regulating tank; a reinforced concrete partition wall is arranged between the anaerobic tank and the aeration tank, and through holes are formed at the upper part of the partition wall; an aerator is mounted in the aeration tank; a water outlet pipe is arranged at the upper part of the aeration tank and communicated with a lotus pond wetland; and a water outlet pipe is arranged at the upper part of the lotus pond wetland and communicated with a temporary storage tank for qualified discharged water. The utility model has reasonable structural design and convenient use; based on the fact that wastewater from the dewatering of garlic and other vegetables is featured by high contents of organics and suspended matters, the filtering tank and the sedimentation tank are designed to intercept as many suspended plant residues as possible, so as to further reduce the sewage treatment load; regarding the bacteriostasis of garlicin, garlicin molecules can be destroyed through anaerobic hydrolysis and acidification for further aerobic decomposition; and after simple pretreatment, the wastewater can be discharged into the lotus pond wetland for ecological treatment and utilization.

Description

A kind of device of handling garlic waste water
Technical field the utility model belongs to handles vegetables waste water technology field, relates to a kind of device of handling garlic waste water.
The background technology garlicin has sterilizing ability, has volatility and distributes foul smell.Garlic itself does not contain garlicin, but is adding man-hour, owing to the effect of big allinase produces garlicin.The garlicin distinctive molecular structure makes it have strong garlic smell.The germicidal action of garlicin mainly is because diallyl thioether wherein has unique physiologically active.Allyl group is the conjugated structure group, and its electronegativity is higher, can electronics is provided partly for the sulphur atom that adjoins, and the electron deficiency of sulphur is reduced, the active increase.Therefore, after garlicin is absorbed, can produce the sulfur-containing group of a certain amount of tool physiologically active, and many sulfur-containing groups are known effective sterilant, can destroy physiological processs such as protein of bacteria is synthetic, disturb and destroy thereby biochemical treatment process caused.At present, the waste water that produces in the garlic course of processing is discharged into the river by the waterways mostly, in the course of time, not only can cause environmental pollution, has also wasted great amount of water resources.
The summary of the invention the purpose of this utility model is to solve the technical problem that prior art exists environmental pollution, waste water source, provides a kind of device of handling garlic waste water, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is handled the device of garlic waste water, it comprises garlic waste water gathering pond, filtering basin, settling tank, equalizing tank, anaerobic pond and aeration tank, be communicated with by pipeline successively, be respectively equipped with the blow-off pipe that is communicated with sludge sump below filtering basin, settling tank, equalizing tank, anaerobic pond and the aeration tank; Its main points are to be provided with three road iron wire mesh grids in the described filtering basin, and the upper end of grid is provided with handle; The end-of-the-pipe of described equalizing tank is provided with handled lid; Be provided with the Steel Concrete partition wall between described anaerobic pond and the aeration tank, the top of partition wall is provided with through hole, is provided with aerator in the aeration tank; The top of described aeration tank is provided with the rising pipe that is communicated with the lotus pool wetland, and the top of lotus pool wetland is provided with qualified discharge water and stores up the rising pipe that the pond is communicated with temporarily.
The utility model reasonable in design, easy to use, at organism in the dewatering vegetable waste water such as garlic and the high characteristics of suspension content, design filtering basin and settling tank are as far as possible the residual body interception of suspension plant, to reduce the sewage disposal load.Can destroy the garlicin molecule by anaerobic hydrolysis-acidification to the garlicin bacteriostatic action, with further aerobic decomposition.Through after the simple pre-treatment, waste water is entered the lotus pool wetland carry out ecology processing and utilization.
Appended drawings is the utility model principle schematic.
Embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings, it comprises garlic waste water gathering pond 1, filtering basin 2, settling tank 5, equalizing tank 6, anaerobic pond 8 and aeration tank 10 the utility model, be communicated with by pipeline successively, be respectively equipped with the blow-off pipe that is communicated with sludge sump 14 below filtering basin 2, settling tank 5, equalizing tank 6, anaerobic pond 8 and the aeration tank 10; Be provided with three road iron wire mesh grids 4 in the filtering basin 2, the upper end of grid 4 is provided with handle 3; The end-of-the-pipe of equalizing tank 6 is provided with handled lid 7; Be provided with Steel Concrete partition wall 9 between anaerobic pond 8 and the aeration tank 10, the top of partition wall 9 is provided with through hole, is provided with aerator 11 in the aeration tank 10; The top of aeration tank 10 is provided with the rising pipe that is communicated with lotus pool wetland 12, and the top of lotus pool wetland 12 is provided with qualified discharge water and stores up the rising pipe that pond 13 is communicated with temporarily
(1) filtering basin are of a size of 1000cm * 50cm * 40cm, brick mix structure.Each grid 50cm * 40cm, grid are mesh, are welded with iron wire establishment, and the aperture is respectively 25mm, 10mm, 2mm, on handle is arranged, the per pass grid is separated by 3 meters.Every certain interval of time is cleared up the plant residue that floating on the grid, after the centralized collection, mixes as organic fertilizer application with mud that other operation is produced;
(2) settling tank.Settling tank is of a size of 500cm * 100cm * 60cm at the filtering basin end, and the waste water flow velocity is slowed down, and further precipitates residual body of suspension plant and silt, and scum silica frost is salvaged, and helps reducing waste strength, and storage is also regulated water quality, the water yield, makes current even;
(3) equalizing tank.Equalizing tank is a skeleton construction, is used for the pH value of settling tank outflow waste water is regulated.In equalizing tank, use an amount of unslaked lime, the pH value of waste water is transferred to 6.5~7.5, and calcium hydroxide can flocculate to waste water, further reduces suspension content in the waste water, being provided with handled lid on the bottom blow-down mouth of pipe, is to run off for fear of unslaked lime;
(4) anaerobic pond.Anaerobic pond is a skeleton construction, is of a size of 600cm * 600cm * 360cm, and height above ground level is 100cm, but the reality retaining degree of depth is 260cm, the about 93.6m of volume 3, anaerobic activated sludge is arranged in the anaerobic pond, current enter the anaerobic pond bottom from equalizing tank, rely on hydraulic pressure to flow naturally;
(5) aeration and biological pond, aeration tank are skeleton construction, adjacent anaerobic pond, and the centre has the Steel Concrete partition wall to separate, and is of a size of 650cm * 400cm * 360cm, highly be 100cm on the ground, but the reality retaining degree of depth is 260cm, the about 67.6m of volume 3On anaerobic pond and aeration tank partition wall, apart from 110cm place, partition wall top, make a call to two diameter 5cm holes, after current reach this height, can flow into bio-aeration pool by nature.The aeration tank centre bottom is put one of aerator, power 2.5KW, and per hour aeration rate is 1700m 3, maximum wind pressure is 4.5MPa, and waste water is concentrated aeration;
(6), partition wall is mixed with brick in lotus pool wetland trial plot be divided into 8 rectangles experiment both little lotus root ponds, sub-district, the partition wall both sides are pasted and are carried out the side direction antiseepage with plastics film and handle, and the partition wall bottom is lower than 30cm at the bottom of the lotus pool pond, the plastics film of both sides is also vertically imbedded following 30cm at the bottom of the pond, simultaneously and horizontal-extending 30cm;
(7) qualified discharge water stores up the pond temporarily, and is temporary through the water of lotus pool wetland purification, can be for irrigating the fields and recycling.
Organic substance and suspension content are higher in the garlic processing waste water, and COD reaches about 10000mg/L, and BOD is about 5000mg/L, and SS is about 1100~1500mg/L.If this waste water is directly poured into lotus pool, will cause the growth of lotus rhizome to have a strong impact on, not reach purpose of the present invention, must be through after the simple pre-treatment, carry out biopurification and utilization by the lotus pool wetland again, thereby reach the purpose of saving processing cost, realizing utilization of wastewater resource.

Claims (1)

1. device of handling garlic waste water, it comprises garlic waste water gathering pond, filtering basin, settling tank, equalizing tank, anaerobic pond and aeration tank, be communicated with by pipeline successively, be respectively equipped with the blow-off pipe that is communicated with sludge sump below filtering basin, settling tank, equalizing tank, anaerobic pond and the aeration tank; It is characterized in that being provided with in the described filtering basin three road iron wire mesh grids, the upper end of grid is provided with handle; The end-of-the-pipe of described equalizing tank is provided with handled lid; Be provided with the Steel Concrete partition wall between described anaerobic pond and the aeration tank, the top of partition wall is provided with through hole, is provided with aerator in the aeration tank; The top of described aeration tank is provided with the rising pipe that is communicated with the lotus pool wetland, and the top of lotus pool wetland is provided with qualified discharge water and stores up the rising pipe that the pond is communicated with temporarily.
CN2010201156936U 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Device for treating garlic wastewater Expired - Fee Related CN201626907U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201156936U CN201626907U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Device for treating garlic wastewater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201156936U CN201626907U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Device for treating garlic wastewater

Publications (1)

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CN201626907U true CN201626907U (en) 2010-11-10

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CN2010201156936U Expired - Fee Related CN201626907U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Device for treating garlic wastewater

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CN (1) CN201626907U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103755102A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-04-30 常州大学 Garlic wastewater treatment method and device
CN104086038A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-08 华中农业大学 Comprehensive processing method for squeezing sewage generated in process of extracting xanthophyll from tagetes erecta
CN104743745A (en) * 2015-03-14 2015-07-01 常州大学 System for advanced treatment of garlic wastewater
CN106746207A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-31 天津凯英科技发展股份有限公司 A kind of processing method of garlic wastewater

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103755102A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-04-30 常州大学 Garlic wastewater treatment method and device
CN104086038A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-08 华中农业大学 Comprehensive processing method for squeezing sewage generated in process of extracting xanthophyll from tagetes erecta
CN104743745A (en) * 2015-03-14 2015-07-01 常州大学 System for advanced treatment of garlic wastewater
CN106746207A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-31 天津凯英科技发展股份有限公司 A kind of processing method of garlic wastewater

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101110

Termination date: 20110209