CN201624045U - Industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device - Google Patents

Industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201624045U
CN201624045U CN2009202400018U CN200920240001U CN201624045U CN 201624045 U CN201624045 U CN 201624045U CN 2009202400018 U CN2009202400018 U CN 2009202400018U CN 200920240001 U CN200920240001 U CN 200920240001U CN 201624045 U CN201624045 U CN 201624045U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid
liquid return
seedling culture
bed
return hole
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202400018U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏珉
杨凤娟
王秀峰
史庆华
Original Assignee
山东农业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 山东农业大学 filed Critical 山东农业大学
Priority to CN2009202400018U priority Critical patent/CN201624045U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201624045U publication Critical patent/CN201624045U/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

The utility model relates to an industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device, which comprises a seedling culture bed, a liquid storage tank, a hole tray, a liquid return pipe, a liquid inlet pipe, a liquid return opening, a liquid inlet, an electric pump and a filter. The bottom surface of the seedling culture bed is in a concave-convex shape; a convex portion of the seedling culture bed is a hole tray placing platform; a concave portion of the seedling culture bed is a nutrient liquid passage; the liquid inlet and the liquid return opening are respectively arranged at two ends of the seedling culture bed; the liquid inlet is connected with a liquid supply pipe; the liquid return opening is connected with the liquid return pipe; the diameter of the liquid return pipe is larger than that of the liquid supply pipe; the liquid return opening is divided into an upper liquid return opening and a lower liquid return opening with a throttling effect; and the upper liquid return opening controls the liquid level of nutrient liquid. When in liquid supply, the nutrient liquid enters a soaking substrate from bottom holes of the hole tray. After irrigation, the nutrient liquid flows back to be drained by the action of gravity. The industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device is favorable for culturing strong seedlings, prevents seedling-stage damage by diseases, improves rich water using efficiency, protects environment, facilitates adjustment, control and working efficiency improvement, is applicable to industrial hole tray seedling culture of various crops such as vegetables, flowers and the like inside a greenhouse or a large shed, and can be referred by other container seedling culture.

Description

A kind of industrial hole plate seedling growth bottom surface irrigation rig

(1) technical field

The utility model is a kind of bottom surface irrigation rig that is applicable to vegetables, flowers and other crops industrial hole plate seedling growth in greenhouse or the booth, belongs to the agricultural high-tech field.

(2) technical background

Industrial hole plate seedling growth is to be matrix with light materials such as the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculites; adopt the modern seedling growing process system of mechanization precision drilling once-seedling forming; compare with traditional seedling-cultivating method; have and save labor, high-quality and efficient, resources conservation; be convenient to transportation; be beneficial to advantages such as realizing scale and mechanization, in recent years rapidly in China's development, at present in the middle extensive use of growing seedlings of various crop such as vegetables, flowers, tobacco.The irrigation method of industrial hole plate seedling growth mainly sprays (spraying) formula on the employing dish, and equipment is complicated, complex operation, and cost is higher.The more important thing is, in the growth of seedling middle and later periods, because cauline leaf is in great numbers, moisture that sprays or nutrient solution directly drip from plant leaf, are difficult to arrive the seedling root, cause water supply in media and nutrient supply inhomogeneous, insufficient, growth of seedling is irregular, and the plant after each the irrigation easily lodges; A large amount of nutrient solutions drip from blade, cause between overground part colony air humidity excessive, bring out sprout term disease easily; The nutrient solution of each pouring does not reclaim, need be by prolonging the nutrient solution arrival seedling root that irrigation time guarantees sufficient amount, and rich water is a large amount of to run off and environmental pollution thereby cause.

The purpose of this utility model is, at the problems referred to above that exist in the industrial hole plate seedling growth rich water quality management, irrigation system improved, innovated, and optimizes structure to reach, and convenient management is raised the efficiency, and cultivates strong sprout, the purpose of protection environment.The utility model design is applicable to the industrial hole plate seedling growth of various crop, also can reference during other container nursery.

(3) summary of the invention

This device is made up of the bed of growing seedlings, liquid storage tank, cave dish, liquid back pipe, feed tube, liquid return hole, inlet, electric pump, filter.

A two ends of growing seedlings are equipped with inlet and liquid return hole respectively; Inlet links to each other with feed pipe, and liquid return hole links to each other with liquid back pipe, and liquid return hole divides goes up liquid return hole and following liquid return hole; Feed pipe one end connects liquid storage tank, and the other end connects the bed of growing seedlings, and electric pump and filter are installed on it; Liquid back pipe one end connects liquid storage tank, and the other end connects the bed of growing seedlings; Bracing frame is set below the bed of growing seedlings highly as required.

A foamed plastics by compression moulding of growing seedlings is spliced, all around the high 8-10cm of frame; The bottom surface is concave-convex, upper berth one bed thickness plastic film; Projection is a cave dish platform for placing, exceeds a bottom surface 2cm that grows seedlings, and width is slightly larger than the cave face length degree of trying to get to the heart of a matter, and shop, surface one bed thickness felt-cloth is beneficial to even irrigation and matrix and preserves moisture; Negative area is the nutrient solution passage, wide 7-8cm.The cave dish is placed on the dish platform for placing of cave, the anti-root cloth in shop, bottom, hole, cave; A two ends of growing seedlings are adorned inlet and liquid return hole respectively, and inlet links to each other with feed pipe, and liquid return hole links to each other with liquid back pipe, and the liquid back pipe diameter is greater than feed pipe.Liquid return hole divides goes up liquid return hole and following liquid return hole two parts, and the liquid open height maintains an equal level with a bottom surface of growing seedlings next time, and area is 1/2 of an inlet; Last liquid return hole control nutrient solution liquid level, Height Adjustable, exceed cave dish platform for placing 2-3cm usually, reach cave dish 1/2-2/3 and highly locate.

During feed flow, the share split of inlet nutrient solution flows down and enters the bed of growing seedlings, by the fast flow speed and direction of a nutrient solution passage other end of growing seedlings.Because the liquid open area is 1/2 of an inlet next time, has throttle effect, the nutrient solution liquid level constantly rises in the bed, and soaks the cave tray bottom gradually, and nutrient solution enters from the bottom outlet of cave dish, is slowly soaking into matrix in the stromal surface migration process.When liquid level arrival liquid open height last time, upper and lower liquid return hole is worked simultaneously, because the liquid back pipe diameter greater than feed pipe, has prevented that nutrient solution from overflowing outside the bed.After electric pump was closed down, nutrient solution was relied on the power effect for support and is refluxed, and liquid level reduces gradually, until being emptied completely.

Liquid storage tank is plastic opaque bucket or water-impervious mud sump.The nutrient solution of liquid storage tank enters the bed of growing seedlings by electric pump and filter through feed pipe, flows back to liquid storage tank by liquid back pipe again.

The advantage of this utility model is:

1, be beneficial to cultivation this device in strong sprout and guaranteed the abundant and uniformity of each irrigation, satisfied seedling to moisture and nutrient demand, avoided dish to go up sprinkling and caused down seedling, it is neat, healthy and strong to help growth of seedling.

2, be beneficial to and prevent that the sprout term disease nutrient solution from soaking into matrix from bottom to top, and then all emptyings, avoided blade face ponding, reduced air and top layer soil humidity, can effectively control sprout term disease.

3, be beneficial to raising rich water utilization ratio, the protection environment adopts the bottom surface to irrigate and the nutrient solution EGR, has avoided the rich water loss, has improved utilization ratio, has reduced environmental pollution.

4, be convenient to regulate control, improve operating efficiency and can control the nutrient solution degree of depth and for, drain time and irrigation degree by changing last time liquid open height.Shop, dish platform for placing surface, cave one bed thickness felt-cloth helps evenly irrigating and matrix is preserved moisture, and reduces and irrigates frequency.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is an industrial hole plate seedling growth bottom surface irrigation rig schematic diagram

Fig. 2 is the device front view

Fig. 3 is the device right view

Fig. 4 is the liquid return hole schematic diagram

Among the figure: 1 cave dish, 2 anti-root cloth, 3 thick felt-cloths, 4 thick plastic films, 5 caves dish platform for placing, 6 screen packs, 7 liquid back pipes, 8 electric pumps, 9 filters, 10 liquid storage tanks, 11 inlets, 12 feed pipes, 13 liquid return holes, 14 bracing frames, 15 times liquid return holes, liquid return hole on 16

(5) embodiment

Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4, introduce the embodiment of industrial hole plate seedling growth bottom surface irrigation rig in detail.

A foamed plastics by compression moulding of growing seedlings is spliced, the high 8-10cm of frame all around, for preventing that the nutrient solution seepage runs off, shop, surface one bed thickness plastic film 4, the anti-root cloth 2 in shop, bottom, hole, cave of cave dish 1, the cave is coiled 1 every 3-5 one group, closely horizontally-arranged is on the cave dish platform for placing 5 that is covered with thick felt-cloth 3, dish platform for placing 5 in cave exceeds a bottom surface 2cm that grows seedlings, between the dish platform for placing 5 of cave and and grow seedlings and leave the gap of 7-8cm between the bedside frame, as the nutrient solution passage.During the beginning feed flow, open electric pump 8, nutrient solution pumps from liquid storage tank 10, through filter 9, feed pipe 12, flow out from inlet 11 share splits, enter the bed of growing seedlings, and flow to the other end from bed one end of growing seedlings fast by the nutrient solution passage, pass through filter screen 6 again, flow back to liquid storage tank 10 by liquid return hole 13 and liquid back pipe 7.The feed flow initial stage because down liquid return hole 15 areas are 1/2 of inlet 11, has throttle effect, and the nutrient solution liquid level constantly raises in the seedbed, soaks cave tray bottom and the aperture by the cave tray bottom gradually and enters and slowly soak into matrix.When liquid level reached liquid return hole 16 height, liquid return hole 16, time liquid return hole 15 were worked simultaneously this moment on, owing to the liquid back pipe diameter greater than feed pipe, nutrient solution can not overflow outside the bed.Irrigate when finishing and close down electric pump 8, an interior nutrient solution of growing seedlings is relied on the power effect for support and is refluxed, and liquid level reduces gradually, until being emptied completely.

Bracing frame 14 supports grow seedlings bed and above each several part thereof, can be made by materials such as reinforcing bar, steel pipe or angle bar.Nutrient solution is stored in the liquid storage tank 10, and liquid storage tank 10 can adopt opaque plastics bucket or water-impervious mud sump etc.

Claims (4)

1. an industrial hole plate seedling growth bottom surface irrigation rig is made up of the bed of growing seedlings, liquid storage tank, cave dish, liquid back pipe, feed tube, liquid return hole, inlet, electric pump, filter; A two ends of growing seedlings are equipped with inlet and liquid return hole respectively, and inlet links to each other with feed pipe, and liquid return hole links to each other with liquid back pipe; Liquid return hole divides goes up liquid return hole and following liquid return hole; Feed pipe one end connects liquid storage tank, and the other end connects the bed of growing seedlings, and electric pump and filter are installed on it; Liquid back pipe one end connects liquid storage tank, and the other end connects the bed of growing seedlings; Bracing frame is below the bed of growing seedlings.
2. a kind of industrial hole plate seedling growth according to claim 1 bottom surface irrigation rig is characterized in that the described bed of growing seedlings is spliced by the foamed plastics of compression moulding, the high 8-10cm of frame all around, and the bottom surface is concave-convex, upper berth one bed thickness plastic film; Projection is a cave dish platform for placing, shop, surface one bed thickness felt-cloth; Negative area is the nutrient solution passage; The bottom, hole, cave of cave dish is covered with anti-root cloth.
3. a kind of industrial hole plate seedling growth according to claim 2 bottom surface irrigation rig is characterized in that described cave dish platform for placing exceeds a bottom surface 2cm that grows seedlings, and width is slightly larger than the cave face length degree of trying to get to the heart of a matter; Nutrient solution channel width 7-8cm.
4. a kind of industrial hole plate seedling growth according to claim 1 bottom surface irrigation rig is characterized in that described liquid back pipe diameter is greater than feed pipe; Liquid return hole divides goes up liquid return hole and following liquid return hole two parts, and the liquid open height maintains an equal level with a bottom surface of growing seedlings next time, and area is an inlet 1/2; Last time, the liquid open height can be regulated, and exceeded cave dish platform for placing 2-3cm, arrived at cave dish 1/2-2/3 and highly located.
CN2009202400018U 2009-10-20 2009-10-20 Industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device CN201624045U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202400018U CN201624045U (en) 2009-10-20 2009-10-20 Industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202400018U CN201624045U (en) 2009-10-20 2009-10-20 Industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201624045U true CN201624045U (en) 2010-11-10

Family

ID=43055419

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202400018U CN201624045U (en) 2009-10-20 2009-10-20 Industrial hole tray seedling culture bottom-surface irrigation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201624045U (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102715059A (en) * 2012-07-04 2012-10-10 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Greening seedling container seedling culture transplanting method
CN102860250A (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-09 乔奥华塑胶制品(深圳)有限公司 Culture solution planting device
CN102870662A (en) * 2011-07-14 2013-01-16 Mkv梦想株式会社 Nutrient solution culture system and using the method of nutrient solution cultivation, and nutrient solution culture with basin
WO2013082871A1 (en) * 2011-12-09 2013-06-13 厦门永华实业有限公司 Three-dimensional combined-type culture bed having temperature and light controls
CN103461036A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-25 同济大学 Automatized tide type irrigation device matched with mobile seedling bed
CN104472266A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-04-01 易晓天 Planting method for vegetable rich in microelements
CN104641987A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Nursery pond for vegetables
CN104641988A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Potting device for vegetables
CN105519417A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-27 湖南农业大学 Method for raising seedlings in plugs by cutting

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102860250A (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-09 乔奥华塑胶制品(深圳)有限公司 Culture solution planting device
CN102860250B (en) * 2011-07-08 2014-10-22 乔奥华塑胶制品(深圳)有限公司 Culture solution planting device
CN102870662A (en) * 2011-07-14 2013-01-16 Mkv梦想株式会社 Nutrient solution culture system and using the method of nutrient solution cultivation, and nutrient solution culture with basin
WO2013082871A1 (en) * 2011-12-09 2013-06-13 厦门永华实业有限公司 Three-dimensional combined-type culture bed having temperature and light controls
CN102715059A (en) * 2012-07-04 2012-10-10 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Greening seedling container seedling culture transplanting method
CN103461036A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-25 同济大学 Automatized tide type irrigation device matched with mobile seedling bed
CN103461036B (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-12-10 同济大学 Automatized tide type irrigation device matched with mobile seedling bed
CN104472266A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-04-01 易晓天 Planting method for vegetable rich in microelements
CN104641987A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Nursery pond for vegetables
CN104641988A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Potting device for vegetables
CN105519417A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-27 湖南农业大学 Method for raising seedlings in plugs by cutting

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103141206A (en) Water, fertilizer and gas integrated trickle irrigation system and method
CN201260331Y (en) Soilless culture apparatus
CN203723212U (en) Experimental hydroponics device for leafy vegetable
CN2239138Y (en) Soilless cultivating implement
CN201640134U (en) Cultivating device applicable to vegetable water cultivation
CN101743896B (en) Soilless culture system
CN101263777A (en) Method for using sponge block and solution culture facilities to breed vegetable seedling
CN103688828A (en) Three-dimensional aerial fog seedling method for flue-cured tobacco
CN205408775U (en) Agricultural plant artificial containers that grows seedlings
CN204634606U (en) A kind of digitalization precision seedling system
CN104737896A (en) Precise digitized seedling system
CN101743861B (en) Botanical seedling culturing machine
CN202385597U (en) Pipeline cultivation liquid level control device
CN201789806U (en) Automatic watering flowerpot
CN101965795B (en) Nutrient solution matrix-free seedling raising and cultivating system and seedling raising method
CN105283068B (en) Rainwater automatically feeds culture apparatus
CN104756716B (en) Tobacco seedling cultivation method
CN206078320U (en) Grow seedlings and use automatic spray irrigation water saving fixtures
CN103392574B (en) Method for growing seedlings by using intermittent flow type nutrient liquid film
CN201571378U (en) Plant seedling machine
CN101416605B (en) Soilless capillary hydroponics rearing system
CN203952043U (en) A kind of hydroponic planting device
CN101213930A (en) Vertical plane soilless culture device and plant wall preparation method
CN201064117Y (en) Novel seedling raising bed
CN205830511U (en) A kind of plant growing groove and tidal type three-dimensional plant cultivation system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101110

Termination date: 20121020

C17 Cessation of patent right