CN201621925U - Pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine - Google Patents

Pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201621925U
CN201621925U CN2010201023188U CN201020102318U CN201621925U CN 201621925 U CN201621925 U CN 201621925U CN 2010201023188 U CN2010201023188 U CN 2010201023188U CN 201020102318 U CN201020102318 U CN 201020102318U CN 201621925 U CN201621925 U CN 201621925U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
fluid bed
granulating
drying
fluidized bed
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2010201023188U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔俊良
李强
陈洪
赵月泽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Feida biology Polytron Technologies Inc
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崔俊良
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN2010201023188U priority Critical patent/CN201621925U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201621925U publication Critical patent/CN201621925U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a granulating device, particularly a pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine. An agitating device is arranged on the fluidized bed of the pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine, an air blower is communicated to an air inlet, an air dehumidifying device and an air quantity adjusting plate are arranged on the air blower, and a draught fan is communicated to an air outlet. The utility model has high heat and mass transferring rate. The whole granulating system integrates the procedures of mixing, kneading, granulating, drying, dehumidifying, etc. The utility model has the advantages of high granulating speed, airtight system, safe operation and no dust pollution.

Description

Pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine
(1) technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of prilling granulator, particularly a kind of pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine.
(2) background technology
Along with the needs of producing and living, the quilt of materials such as graininess, sheet is more and more used, and corresponding granulating technique is developed, the equipment difference that different granulating techniques adopts.According to the difference of production method, existing Granulation Equipments is divided into four classes.
(1) paddling process.The paddling process granulation is to infiltrate certain liquid or binding agent in the solid-state fine powder and suitably stir, and liquid is contacted mutually closely with solid-state fine powder, generation cohesive force and form granule.Typical equipment has granulation drum, swash plate comminutor, awl drum comminutor, pan-type pelletizer, cylinder comminutor, kneader, drum mixer, powder blender (hammer, vertical shaft type, belt), a machine etc. lowers the curtain.
The device structure that paddling process uses is simple, and single machine yield is big, and formed particle easily dissolves fast, drenched property is strong, and shortcoming is that uniform particles is bad, and formed granule strength is lower.
(2) compression moulding method.This method be will granulation powder material be limited in the particular space, by applying the dense state that external force compresses.According to the physical system difference of applying external force, compression moulding method can be divided into die pressing and extrusion again.Typical die pressing equipment has heavy cuber, desk-top squeezer, concrete block press, brick machine, heavy pelleter etc.
(3) spraying and dispersion vapodusting.This method is in particular device, makes the liquid phase or the semi-liquid phase material that are in the high degree of dispersion state directly become solid particle.This Granulation Equipments has spray drying tower, spray dryer, granulation tower, spouted bed and fluidized bed dryer and pneumatic conveying dryer etc.The denominator of this spraying and dispersion atomizing comminution granulation is: but liquid feed must be that available pump is carried and disperse; Granulation process should be continuously usually, automation and large-scale operation; Granulating system must be designed to reclaim or to recycle the material end, carries phenomenon secretly with the attrition and the powder that solve material; Product granularity generally is limited in below 5 millimeters.
(4) hot melt molding method.The heat fusing method of forming is to utilize the low melting point characteristic of product (generally being lower than 300 ℃), by special condensing mode, makes its condensation-crystallization become desired sheet, strip, bulk, shape such as hemispherical fused materials.According to the former operation principle, mainly can be divided into rotary drum flaker and revolution cold belt drop forming device.
The said equipment mainly is applicable to industry fields such as chemical industry, oil, feed, and fluid bed bubbles easily, and this finished product of production is because cooling is slow, and the water content height is bonding easily.
(3) summary of the invention
The utility model is in order to remedy the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, the bed body is stable, the pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine of security of operation.
The utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:
A kind of pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine; body is provided with charging aperture, discharging opening; the discharging opening position is provided with fluid bed in the body; the fluid bed top is provided with spray gun, and the body lower end is provided with air inlet, and the upper end is provided with air outlet; its special character is: fluid bed is provided with agitating device; be communicated with air blast on the air inlet, air dehumidifier and air-flow plate are installed on the air blast, be communicated with air-introduced machine on the air outlet.
The utility model integrates stirring, jet, bleed, drying, dehumidifying, refrigerating function, compares with other equipment, has increased that air blast, chilly wind, cooling, dehumidifying, air quantity are regulated, agitating device.
Agitating device can fully stir the feed particles that forms, and makes it caking, bonding phenomenon not occur.Air blast can be blown into auxiliary agent with hot blast, with atomizing raw materials; The effect of air-introduced machine is that the wind in the body is discharged; Air-flow plate on the air blast is used for the adjusting of air quantity and the conversion of cold and hot wind, realizes cooling and dry one, and air dehumidifier can drop to the hot blast humidity that enters body minimum, reaches fast drying, atomizing effect well.
More excellent scheme of the present utility model is:
Described spray gun is communicated with the fluid reservoir that jet pump is installed.Splendid attire binding agent in the fluid reservoir, and make its effect of passing through jet pump atomizing from the spray gun ejection, the raw material mixing back with atomizing forms particle again.
Described fluid bed centre bottom is equipped with the bevel gear that connects agitating device, and bevel gear is connected with kinetic pump.Act on bevel gear by kinetic pump, thereby drive the rotating operation of agitating device, for the even mixing and the atomizing of raw material provides precondition.
The utility model is mainly used in onion powder, garlic powder and other vegetables granulation and fields such as medicine, chemical industry.
The utility model has overcome the shortcoming that fluid bed bubbles easily, gas-solid contact and mixed effect have been strengthened, have higher heat transfer, mass transfer rate, whole granulating system integrates operations such as mixing, kneading, granulation, drying, dehumidifying, granulation speed is fast, system is airtight, the handling safety no dust pollution.
(4) description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Accompanying drawing is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Among the figure, 1 spray gun, 2 fluid reservoirs, 3 jet pumps, 4 fluid beds, 5 bevel gears, 6 kinetic pumps, 7 air-flow plates, 8 air blasts, 9 air inlets, 10 discharging openings, 11 charging apertures, 12 air-introduced machines, 13 air dehumidifiers, 14 agitating devices.
(5) specific embodiment
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the present utility model.This embodiment body is provided with charging aperture 11, discharging opening 10, discharging opening 10 positions are provided with fluid bed 4 in the body, fluid bed 4 tops are provided with spray gun 1, the body lower end is provided with air inlet 9, the upper end is provided with air outlet, and fluid bed 4 is provided with agitating device 14, is communicated with air blast 8 on the air inlet 9, air dehumidifier 13 and air-flow plate 7 are installed on the air blast 8, are communicated with air-introduced machine 12 on the air outlet; Described spray gun 1 is communicated with the fluid reservoir 2 that jet pump 3 is installed; Described fluid bed 4 centre bottom are equipped with the bevel gear 5 that connects agitating device 14, and bevel gear 5 is connected with kinetic pump 6.
Deliver to the material of needs processing on the fluid bed 4 of body from charging aperture 11, start kinetic pump 6, make agitating device 14 runnings, send hot blast from air inlet 9 to fluid bed 4 by air blast 8,14 pairs of air dehumidifiers on the air blast 8 enter the air drying of body, and the raw material on the fluid bed 4 atomizes under the effect of hot blast, simultaneously, air-introduced machine 12 starts, and the wind in the body is discharged from the upper end.
After the material atomizing, open jet pump 3, with atomizing of the binding agent in the fluid reservoir 2 and ejection from spray gun 1, make the mixing of materials granulation, and then logical heated-air drying, make granulating and forming, dry back conversion air-flow plate 7 makes hot blast be converted to cold wind, and the material in the body is cooled off, in this process, agitating device 14 moves all the time, and air blast 8 and air-introduced machine 12 synchronous operations are after the final cooling of material, by the discharging opening discharging, with the finished particle splendid attire.
In sum, granulation process is realized by following steps:
Raw material---dehumidifying---raw material hot blast spray-atomizing---binding agent atomizing---mixing granulation---heated-air drying---granulation stirring---cold wind cooling---finished particle.
The utility model has overcome the existing equipment fluid bed and has easily bubbled, semi-finished product are because cooling is slow, the high shortcoming of bonding easily of water content is regulated conversion equipment by installing dehydrating unit, cooling air, hot blast additional, makes the finished product fast drying, cooling is fast, non-caked, output capacity is high.

Claims (3)

1. pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine; body is provided with charging aperture (11), discharging opening (10); discharging opening (10) position is provided with fluid bed (4) in the body; fluid bed (4) top is provided with spray gun (1); the body lower end is provided with air inlet (9); the upper end is provided with air outlet; it is characterized in that: fluid bed (4) is provided with agitating device (14); be communicated with air blast (8) on the air inlet (9); air dehumidifier (13) and air-flow plate (7) are installed on the air blast (8), are communicated with air-introduced machine (12) on the air outlet.
2. pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described spray gun (1) is communicated with the fluid reservoir that jet pump (3) are installed (2).
3. pneumatic fluid bed drying-granulating machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described fluid bed (4) centre bottom is equipped with the bevel gear (5) that connects agitating device (14), and bevel gear (5) is connected with kinetic pump (6).
CN2010201023188U 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine Expired - Lifetime CN201621925U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201023188U CN201621925U (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201023188U CN201621925U (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201621925U true CN201621925U (en) 2010-11-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010201023188U Expired - Lifetime CN201621925U (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Pneumatic fluidized bed drying and granulating machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102179204A (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-09-14 安徽安科恒益药业有限公司 Pelletizing and drying device
CN110732290A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-31 安徽祥瑞药业有限责任公司 full-automatic stirring, drying and granulating machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102179204A (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-09-14 安徽安科恒益药业有限公司 Pelletizing and drying device
CN110732290A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-31 安徽祥瑞药业有限责任公司 full-automatic stirring, drying and granulating machine

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20121205

Address after: 253600 No. 1 Feida Road, Leling, Shandong, Dezhou

Patentee after: Shandong Feida Group Bio-tech Co., Ltd.

Address before: 253600 No. 1 Feida Road, Leling, Shandong, Dezhou

Patentee before: Cui Junliang

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: SHANDONG FEIDA GROUP BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: CUI JUNLIANG

Effective date: 20121205

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 253614 Shandong city of Dezhou province Leling Feida Road No. 1

Patentee after: Shandong Feida biology Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: 253600 No. 1 Feida Road, Leling, Shandong, Dezhou

Patentee before: Shandong Feida Group Bio-tech Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20101103

CX01 Expiry of patent term