CN201618167U - Steam sterilizing device for rare precious medical materials - Google Patents

Steam sterilizing device for rare precious medical materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201618167U
CN201618167U CN2010201094003U CN201020109400U CN201618167U CN 201618167 U CN201618167 U CN 201618167U CN 2010201094003 U CN2010201094003 U CN 2010201094003U CN 201020109400 U CN201020109400 U CN 201020109400U CN 201618167 U CN201618167 U CN 201618167U
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China
Prior art keywords
storehouse
sterilization
cooling
control valve
steam
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CN2010201094003U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马月鲤
王守东
冯治聪
任中锋
侯红兵
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Tibet Cheezheng Tibetan Medicine Co Ltd
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Tibet Cheezheng Tibetan Medicine Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a steam sterilizing device for rare precious medical materials such as worm grass and the like. The steam sterilizing device comprises a sterilizing cabin and a cooling cabin, wherein a sterilizing cabin material inlet opening, a sterilizing cabin material outlet opening, a cooling cabin material inlet opening and a cooling cabin material outlet opening are respectively arranged on the sterilizing cabin and the cooling cabin, the cooling cabin material inlet opening is connected with the sterilizing cabin material outlet opening, the upper part of the sterilizing cabin is provided with a gas exhaust opening, the lower part of the sterilizing cabin is provided with a hot air inlet opening, high-temperature or overheating sterilizing steam enters the sterilizing cabin through the hot air inlet opening via a pulse control valve, and a cooling cabin air inlet opening and a cooling cabin air outlet opening are arranged on the cooling cabin. The utility model solves the problem that a steam sterilizing device in the prior art has uniform and thorough sterilization through the rotation of a stirring device during the sterilization, so the medical value of materials to be sterilized is influenced. The utility model provides the steam sterilizing device for the rare precious medical materials, which can ensure that the materials can not be damaged, and the medical value of the materials can not be influenced.

Description

A kind of steam sterilizing device of rare precious medicinal material
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of bactericidal unit, specifically a kind of steam sterilizer that is used for rare and precious medicinal materials such as Cordyceps.
Background technology
Sterilization technology belongs to the microbiology basic fundamental, and it is killed or remove by trophocyte and brood cell's (or spore) thereof of employing physics and chemistry means with all microorganisms in culture medium, Zymolysis Equipment or other objects, thereby reaches aseptic purpose.Sterilization technology is the essential condition that culture medium, Zymolysis Equipment or other objects obtain pure culture, is food and the requisite technology of drug safety of guaranteeing in food industry and the field of medicaments (especially Chinese medicine production field).
Sterilization technology thoroughly whether, depend on these two parameters of sterilization time and biocide intensity.According to the difference of biocide, sterilization technology mainly is divided into chemical reagent sterilization, ray sterilizing, dry heat sterilization, moist heat sterilization and filtration sterilization etc.In actual applications, can be according to the difference of species subject to sterilization, correspondingly remove to select the sterilizing methods that suits.
At present, at home, sterilizing methods comparatively commonly used in Chinese medicine and the food seasoning field has three kinds, comprise: the first, cobalt 60 irradiation formulas sterilization, thereby its principle is to utilize the high energy electromagnetic wave to act on to produce biological effect on the bacterial body, suppress or kill bacteria, virus, fungus and parasite etc., but since this technical field to irradiation sterilization after the safety of medicine and food still have certain query, so the method is used by some countries and regions cancellations at present; The second, ethylene oxide sterilizing, utilize oxirane can effectively kill the antibacterial on material surface as biocide, but can residually there be biocide on material surface, the method sterilization back, potential safety hazard is used and eaten to the residual of biocide to material follow-up, can bring pollution to environment and remove the waste liquid that obtains behind these residues; Three, flowing steam sterilization method, this technology is generally used for the sterilization of medical apparatus and instruments and food tableware, when effectively realizing the sterilization purpose, it must use the heating of long period, and through after the above-mentioned long period sterilization treatment, it causes that very easily color, fragrance and the effective ingredient of handling the back product change, and influences the quality and the value of product, equally also can have potential safety hazard.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, a kind of sterilizing methods and bactericidal unit are disclosed among the Chinese patent literature CN1135721A, it does moment with the water vapour or the water vapour of heating to the closed structure sterilization container inside that has added raw material heating pressurization, discharge this pressurized state then, and rapid decompression immediately is to vacuum state; , the raw material of this process sterilization treatment constantly moved into the vacuum cooled exsiccator of tool closed structure in, carry out the product after the vacuum cooled drying obtains needed sterilization thereafter.In the prior art, it adopts high steam to carry out instantaneously sterilising, when but raw material subject to sterilization is sterilized, can influence sterilization effect in the storehouse in sterilization container because raw material is piled up when causing feeding high pressure steam sterilization raw material contacts inhomogeneously with high steam.Therefore, can take in the sterilization storehouse, to add the method for agitator in the prior art, when sterilization, the raw material in the storehouse be stirred, it fully be contacted with high steam sterilize by the rotation of agitator.But for the rare and precious medicinal materials such as Cordyceps etc., agitator stirs it and can cause that medical material is impaired to break during sterilization, influences its drug effect and value, thereby for rare and precious medicinal materials such as Cordycepses, should not use above-mentioned sterilizing installation to carry out sterilization treatment.
The utility model content
For this reason, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is that steam sterilizer of the prior art makes the sterilization uniform and complete but cause the impaired problem that influences its medical value of material subject to sterilization by the agitator rotation when sterilization, can be not impaired thereby propose a kind of material that can effectively guarantee, can not influence the steam sterilizing device of rare precious medicinal material of its medical value.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, this utility model provides a kind of steam sterilizer, comprise sterilization storehouse and cooling storehouse, on described sterilization storehouse and described cooling storehouse, be respectively arranged with sterilization storehouse charging aperture, sterilization warehouse discharging mouth, cooling storehouse charging aperture and cooling warehouse discharging mouth, described cooling storehouse charging aperture is connected with described sterilization warehouse discharging mouth, top, described sterilization storehouse is provided with gas discharge outlet, bottom in described sterilization storehouse is provided with hot air inlet, high temperature or cross heat sterilization steam by the pulse control valve in described hot air inlet enters described sterilization storehouse; Described cooling storehouse is provided with cooling storehouse air inlet and cooling storehouse air outlet, described cooling storehouse air inlet is positioned at the bottom in cooling storehouse, described cooling storehouse air outlet is positioned at the top in cooling storehouse, and described cooling storehouse air inlet is connected with refrigerator by cooling storehouse inlet control valve.
Described hot air inlet is provided with the first branch road air inlet and the second branch road air inlet, the described first branch road air inlet links to each other with the hot blast air-introduced machine with heat exchanger successively by first path of three-way control valve, the described second branch road air inlet is connected with described heat exchanger and steam generator successively by the pulse control valve, and the alternate path of described three-way control valve is communicated with described hot blast air-introduced machine.
In the described sterilization storehouse and be positioned at described gas discharge outlet place the filter screen be connected with described sterilization storehouse inwall is set, in described sterilization storehouse outside and be higher than described filter screen the position or and same highly the locating of described filter screen be provided with the pulser that described filter screen is carried out blowback, described pulser is connected with inside, described sterilization storehouse.
Described filter screen is provided with a circle along described sterilization storehouse inwall.
Be connected exhaust of hot air control valve and the vapours exhaust-control valve that setting communicates with inside, described sterilization storehouse respectively with described gas discharge outlet, described exhaust of hot air control valve is connected with described hot blast air-introduced machine, and described vapours exhaust-control valve directly communicates with the external world or is connected with vapour-recovery unit.
Charging aperture is provided with feed hopper in described sterilization storehouse, and described feed hopper is connected by the charging aperture control valve with described sterilization storehouse charging aperture.
Described sterilization warehouse discharging mouth is connected by the discharging opening control valve with described cooling storehouse charging aperture.
Described sterilization storehouse outer setting has sterilization storehouse shell, thereby forms sterilization storehouse interlayer, is filled with thermal insulation medium in described interlayer.
Described cooling storehouse air outlet is connected with the ventilation air-introduced machine.
In described cooling storehouse and be positioned at described cooling Cang Chufengkouchu the filter screen that is connected with described cooling storehouse inwall is set, in described cooling storehouse outside and be higher than described filter screen the position or and same highly the locating of described filter screen be provided with the pulser that described filter screen is carried out blowback, described pulser is connected with inside, described cooling storehouse.
At described cooling warehouse discharging mouth recovering hopper is set, described recovering hopper is connected by finished product discharging opening control valve with described cooling warehouse discharging mouth.
The technical solution of the utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology:
(1) steam sterilizer described in the utility model feeds the high temperature or the superheated steam in sterilization storehouse, changes into the laggard storehouse of going into to sterilize of sterilization steam of pulsed by the pulse control valve, and material is sterilized.The high temperature of pulsed or superheated steam provide a kind of step unsteady air-flow for the sterilization material, make the material in the sterilization storehouse heavy or floating, constantly roll up and down, making gas fully contact with material sterilizes, for such as rare and precious medicinal materials such as Cordycepses, the impaired problem of rare and precious medicinal materials such as Cordyceps that this sterilization method has avoided adopting traditional stirring sterilization to cause has easily on the one hand been filled up the blank in rare and precious medicinal materials sterilization technology fields such as Cordyceps; The drug effect that also can keep rare and precious medicinal materials on the other hand reduces the loss of drug effect;
The cooling storehouse is provided with cooling storehouse air inlet and cooling storehouse air outlet in the steam sterilizer described in the utility model, described cooling storehouse air inlet is connected with refrigerator, the cooling air that generates by refrigerator enters the cooling storehouse from described cooling storehouse air inlet, material in the storehouse is cooled off, refrigerating gas flows out via cooling storehouse air outlet, has better cooling effect;
In addition, steam sterilizer overall structure described in the utility model is simple, with low cost.
(2) steam sterilizer described in the utility model, also further be provided with the The pre-heat treatment system, on its sterilization storehouse, be provided with the two-way hot air inlet, the first branch road air inlet is connected with the hot blast air-introduced machine with heat exchanger successively by first path of three-way control valve, the second branch road air inlet is connected with described heat exchanger and steam generator successively by the pulse control valve, the alternate path of described three-way control valve is communicated with described hot blast air-introduced machine, by opening first path of hot blast air-introduced machine and three-way control valve, with The pre-heat treatment is carried out in the sterilization storehouse, when the sterilization storehouse reaches uniform temperature, material subject to sterilization is added in the sterilization storehouse, continue then to use the first branch road air inlet that material is carried out preheating in short-term; Above-mentioned preheating method, at first independent preheating is carried out in the sterilization storehouse, can make sterilization storehouse preheating uniform and complete, behind the adding material, again material be carried out preheating, so just realize whole preheating to sterilization storehouse and material, and preheating is even, after follow-up high temperature sterilize steam enters the sterilization storehouse, the phenomenon of high-temperature steam condensation also can not occur, guaranteed that material subject to sterilization can not make moist, and has guaranteed the quality of material.
In addition, the sterilization storehouse second branch road air inlet also is set in the steam sterilizer described in the utility model, it is connected with heat exchanger by the pulse control valve, described heat exchanger is connected with steam generator with the hot blast air-introduced machine again, heat exchanger produces superheated steam under the effect of hot blast air-introduced machine and steam generator, superheated steam is sterilized to material by the storehouse of sterilizing that enters of pulse control valve pulsed.
Simultaneously, being provided with on the one hand of hot blast air-introduced machine carried out preheating by the first branch road air inlet to the sterilization storehouse, when first branch road is to sterilization storehouse preheating, heat exchanger is carried out preheating, when but the sterilization storehouse reaches preheat temperature, heat exchanger does not also reach predetermined temperature, by closing three-way control valve first path, open the three-way control valve alternate path, utilize described hot blast air-introduced machine to continue described heat exchanger is carried out preheating; On the other hand second branch road to the sterilization storehouse in the material sterilization time can use this hot blast air-introduced machine to accelerate the quick output of steam in heat exchanger, the sterilization time that has guaranteed sterilizing installation is short, guarantee that further material can variable color, its effective ingredient can not lost or be changed, and it is safe and effective to sterilize; And use a hot-air blower that preheating is carried out in sterilization storehouse and heat exchanger herein, reduced installed power, simplified production equipment, increased usage ratio of equipment, saved production cost.
(3) steam sterilizer described in the utility model, in the sterilization storehouse and be positioned at the filter screen that described gas discharge outlet place setting is connected with described sterilization storehouse inwall, in the sterilization exhaust process, can avoid causing a large amount of losses of sterilization material being isolated from the filter screen inboard to the material of exhaust ports with air motion; After sterilization finishes, by the pulser that is arranged on sterilization outside, storehouse it is carried out blowback, make material get back to the sterilization storehouse again, reduced the loss of material in sterilization process.
(4) steam sterilizer described in the utility model, be connected exhaust of hot air control valve and the vapours exhaust-control valve that setting communicates with inside, described sterilization storehouse respectively with described gas discharge outlet, described exhaust of hot air control valve is connected with the hot blast air-introduced machine, be used for the hot air circulate utilization of discharging, for the hot blast air-introduced machine provides thermal source, thereby use this thermal source to go preheating is carried out in the sterilization storehouse, realized the recycling of hot-air effectively, described vapours exhaust-control valve directly communicates with the external world or is connected once more with vapour-recovery unit and utilizes, handle hot-air and superheated steam respectively by different valves, be convenient to recycle, save the energy, reduced production cost.
(5) steam sterilizer described in the utility model, sterilization outside, storehouse are provided with sterilization storehouse shell, are filled with thermal insulation medium in the interlayer of its formation, and dispelling the heat to the outside in the storehouse that can reduce to sterilize, has reduced heat energy loss, saved cost.
(6) steam sterilizer described in the utility model, cooling storehouse air outlet is provided with the ventilation air-introduced machine, quickens the flowing velocity of refrigerating gas in the cooling storehouse by the ventilation air-introduced machine, has quickened the rate of cooling of material in the storehouse.
Description of drawings
For the easier quilt of content of the present utility model is clearly understood, according to specific embodiment of the utility model also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, this utility model is described in further detail below, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the sketch map of steam sterilization equipment described in the utility model;
Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 are the sketch maps of the disposable embodiment of steam sterilization equipment described in the utility model.
Reference numeral is expressed as among the figure: 1-pulse control valve, 2-hot blast air-introduced machine, 3-heat exchanger, the 4-steam generator, 5-three-way control valve, 51-three-way control valve first path, 52-three-way control valve alternate path, the 6-storehouse of sterilizing, 8-charging aperture control valve, the 9-charging aperture, 10, the 18-filter screen, 11, the 17-pulser, 12-exhaust of hot air control valve, 13-vapours exhaust-control valve, 14-sterilization storehouse shell, 15-sterilization warehouse discharging mouth control valve, 16-ventilation air-introduced machine, 19-finished product discharging opening control valve, the 20-recovering hopper, 21-cools off the storehouse, 22-cooling storehouse inlet control valve, the 23-refrigerator, 24-hot air inlet, the 25-first branch road air inlet, the 26-second branch road air inlet, 27-cooling storehouse air inlet, 28-cooling storehouse air outlet, 29-gas discharge outlet, 30-sterilization storehouse charging aperture, 31-sterilization warehouse discharging mouth, 32-cooling storehouse charging aperture, 33-cooling warehouse discharging mouth.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 has provided the sketch map of steam sterilizer described in the utility model, and described as we can see from the figure steam sterilizer comprises sterilization storehouse 6 and cooling storehouse 21; Described sterilization storehouse 6 is provided with sterilization storehouse charging aperture 30 and sterilization warehouse discharging mouth 31, also is provided with hot air inlet 24 on sterilization storehouse 6, cross heat sterilization steam by pulse control valve 1 in described hot air inlet 24 enters described sterilization storehouse 6.On sterilization storehouse 6, also be provided with gas discharge outlet 29, described gas discharge outlet 29 is arranged at 6 outsides, described sterilization storehouse, it is positioned at the top in described sterilization storehouse 6 in the present embodiment, and the switch by described gas discharge outlet 29 is realized the discharging to sterilization storehouse 6 internal heat steam and hot-air.
Cooling storehouse charging aperture 32 and cooling warehouse discharging mouth 33 are set on described cooling storehouse 21, and described cooling storehouse charging aperture 32 is connected with described sterilization warehouse discharging mouth 31, realize material after the described sterilization by sterilization storehouse 6 to the transfer of cooling off storehouse 21; In the present embodiment, described cooling storehouse connects a refrigerator 23, described refrigerator 23 is used to generate refrigerating gas, and described refrigerating gas enters cooling storehouse 21 by cooling storehouse inlet control valve 22 via cooling storehouse air inlet 27, and material cooling back in the storehouse is discharged from cooling storehouse air outlet 28.
When the steam sterilizer in the present embodiment is worked, at first need to close gas discharge outlet 29, open pulse control valve 1 and fed heat sterilization steam, described heat sterilization steam excessively becomes the sterilization steam of pulsed through described pulse control valve 1, hot air inlet 24 by described sterilization storehouse 6 enters 6 inside, described sterilization storehouse, material subject to sterilization in the storehouse is carried out pulse purge, purge time is 60s; Afterwards, opening will the sterilize vapours and the small amount of hot air of 6 inside, storehouse of gas discharge outlet 29 discharges; Above-mentioned material after sterilization is entered cooling storehouse 21 through sterilization warehouse discharging mouth 31, refrigerating gas is produced through cooling storehouse inlet control valve 22 by refrigerator 23 and enters cooling storehouse 21 by cooling storehouse air inlet 27, material after subject to sterilization is cooled off, described refrigerating gas is discharged by cooling storehouse air outlet 28, discharges via cooling warehouse discharging mouth 28 through cooled material.
Embodiment 2
The described steam sterilizer of present embodiment as shown in Figure 2, described hot air inlet 24 places also are provided with the first branch road air inlet 25 and the second branch road air inlet 26, the described first branch road air inlet 25 is connected with heat exchanger 3 by three-way control valve 5 first paths 51, the described second branch road air inlet 26 is connected with heat exchanger 3 by pulse control valve 1, described heat exchanger 3 is connected with steam generator 4 with hot blast air-introduced machine 2, and described three-way control valve alternate path 52 is communicated with described hot blast air-introduced machine 2.
When the steam sterilizer in the present embodiment is worked, at first need to open gas discharge outlet 29, open described hot blast air-introduced machine 2 and three-way control valve first path 51 simultaneously, carry out preheating by 2 pairs of described heat exchangers 3 of described hot blast air-introduced machine and sterilization storehouse 6, after sterilization storehouse 6 temperature arrive design temperature (being the temperature that also can not occur condensation after steam enters sterilization storehouse 6), material subject to sterilization (material in the present embodiment can be a Cordyceps) is joined in the sterilization storehouse 6, continuation is carried out preheating 5s by the Cordyceps that 2 pairs of hot blast air-introduced machines join in the sterilization storehouse 6, close three-way control valve first path 51 after the preheating, open three-way control valve alternate path 52, continue to use 2 pairs of heat exchangers of hot blast air-introduced machine 3 to carry out preheating, make described heat exchanger 3 reach suitable operating temperature by this circulation preheating, close gas discharge outlet 29 then, open steam generator 4, thereby the steam that produces is fed heat exchanger 3 generate superheated steam, unbalanced pulse control valve 1, described superheated steam becomes the pulsed superheated steam behind pulse control valve 1, enter sterilization storehouse 6 via the second branch road air inlet 26, Cordyceps is sterilized, and sterilization time is 1s.The superheated steam of pulsed makes in the storehouse Cordyceps sinking of constantly floating, and rolls up and down, the Cordyceps surface is fully contacted with steam sterilize.Sterilization back steam off generator 4 and pulse control valve 1 are opened gas discharge outlet 29 and are discharged vapours.After the vapours discharging finishes, open three-way control valve first path 51 feeding hot-airs material is carried out drying, be 10s drying time.
After finishing, above-mentioned steps promptly enters the Cordyceps cooling stage, soon the Cordyceps after 6 sterilizations of described sterilization storehouse is through sterilization warehouse discharging mouth 31, send in the cooling storehouse 21 by cooling storehouse charging aperture 32, open refrigerator 23, open cooling storehouse inlet control valve 22, cooling air blasts cooling storehouse 21 by cooling storehouse air inlet 27, Cordyceps in the storehouse is cooled off, cooling air is discharged from cooling storehouse air outlet 28, the material that floats to after sterilization that rolls cools off thereby the cooling blast that forms makes Cordyceps in the storehouse in, and cooled Cordyceps is from described cooling warehouse discharging mouth 33 discharges.
Embodiment 3
The described steam sterilizer of present embodiment as shown in Figure 3, its sterilization storehouse 6 is provided with and the storehouse 6 of sterilizing forms the sterilization storehouse shell 14 of interlayers, in described interlayer, fill thermal insulation medium, thereby can reduce sterilization storehouse 6 as much as possible in the process of sterilization and outside energy exchange, thereby reduced pyritous scattering and disappearing, reduced energy consumption.And charging aperture 30 places, storehouse further are provided with feed hopper 9 in sterilization, and described feed hopper 9 and the storehouse charging aperture 30 of sterilizing are connected by charging aperture control valve 8, thereby are convenient to the interpolation of material.Similarly, sterilization warehouse discharging mouth control valve 15 can be set between sterilization warehouse discharging mouth 31 and described cooling storehouse charging aperture 32 also, the material of control after sterilization is transferred to cooling storehouse 21 by sterilization storehouse 6; 33 places are provided with recovering hopper 20 at described cooling warehouse discharging mouth, are connected by finished product discharging opening control valve 19 between described recovering hopper 20 and the described cooling warehouse discharging mouth 33, and above-mentioned set-up mode is seen Fig. 3.
Steam sterilizer in the present embodiment also can be on the basis of the above, in the described sterilization storehouse 6 and be positioned at described gas discharge outlet 29 places the filter screen 10 that is connected with described sterilization storehouse 6 inwalls is set, in described sterilization storehouse 6 outside and be higher than described filter screen 10 the position or and described filter screen 10 same highly locating be provided with the pulser 11 that described filter screen 10 is carried out blowback, described pulser 11 is connected with 6 inside, described sterilization storehouse.This setting has been considered after material subject to sterilization is carried out the sterilization treatment EP (end of program), when vapours and hot-air are discharged via gas discharge outlet 29, easily that the part particle diameter is less material is discharged sterilization storehouse 6 with air-flow, caused the loss of material, by the suitable filter screen 10 in aperture is set, thereby partial material in the process that flows with vapours and hot-air, is adsorbed on above-mentioned material the inner surface of filter screen 10.Carry out blowback by the 11 pairs of described filter screens 10 of pulser that are arranged on described filter screen 10 tops more afterwards, go forward side by side in the sterilization storehouse 6, mix with former material again thereby will blow off attached to its lip-deep material.Filter screen 10 herein also can be set to along the inwall in sterilization storehouse 6 circle is set, as shown in Figure 4.
Steam sterilizer in the present embodiment, at pulser 17 that can also 21 air outlet 28 places, cooling storehouse are provided with filter screen 18 and described filter screen 18 is carried out blowback in the cooling storehouse on the described basis of the foregoing description, its set-up mode and effect are identical with pulser 11 with filter screen 10 in the storehouse of sterilizing.
In above-mentioned the setting, what need stress is, wherein the aperture of filter screen 10,18 is provided with the particle size distribution that mainly still will see material subject to sterilization, select the filter screen 10,18 in suitable aperture according to the distribution of particle diameter, thereby realize interception absorption as much as possible, reduce the loss of material in sterilization process the particle diameter smaller particles.
As embodiment that can conversion, in the described steam sterilizer of present embodiment, can also the exhaust of hot air that communicate with 6 inside, described sterilization storehouse be set respectively at described gas discharge outlet 29 places and control 12 valves and vapours exhaust-control valve 13, described exhaust of hot air control valve 12 is communicated with hot blast air-introduced machine 2, be used for the hot-airs of discharging in the sterilization storehouse 6 recycling through hot blast air-introduced machine 2 after, raising heat energy utilization rate; Described vapours drain valve 13 directly communicates with the external world or recycles by vapour-recovery unit, and vapours drain valve 13 directly communicates with the external world in the present embodiment, is used to discharge the vapours in the sterilization storehouse 6.
For the cooling effectiveness of the material of further raising after sterilization in cooling 21 inside, storehouse, so air outlet 28 places are provided with ventilation air-introduced machine 16 in the cooling storehouse of the described steam sterilizer of present embodiment, under the effect of described ventilation air-introduced machine 16, can quicken the velocity of liquid assets of refrigerating gas, thereby improve cooling effectiveness in cooling 21 inside, storehouse.
Steam sterilizer described in the present embodiment, its work process is as follows:
At first need to open the exhaust of hot air control valve 12 that gas discharge outlet 29 places are provided with, open described hot blast air-introduced machine 2 and three-way control valve first path 51 simultaneously, carry out preheating by 2 pairs of described heat exchangers 3 of described hot blast air-introduced machine and sterilization storehouse 6, after sterilization storehouse 6 temperature arrive design temperature (being the temperature that also can not occur condensation after steam enters sterilization storehouse 6), opening charging aperture control valve 8 makes material be entered in the sterilization storehouse 6 by feed hopper 9, continuation is carried out preheating 60s by the material that 2 pairs of hot blast air-introduced machines join in the sterilization storehouse 6, close three-way control valve first path 51 after the preheating, open three-way control valve alternate path 52, continue to use 2 pairs of heat exchangers of hot blast air-introduced machine 3 to carry out preheating, make described heat exchanger 3 reach suitable operating temperature by this circulation preheating, close exhaust of hot air control valve 12 then, open steam generator 4, thereby the steam that produces is fed heat exchanger 3 generate superheated steam, unbalanced pulse control valve 1, make enter the sterilize storehouse 6 of superheated steam via the second branch road air inlet, 26 pulseds, material is sterilized, and sterilization time is 60s.The superheated steam of pulsed makes in the storehouse material sinking of constantly floating, and rolls up and down, material is fully contacted with steam sterilize.Sterilization back steam off generator 4 and pulse control valve 1 are opened vapours exhaust-control valve 13 and are discharged vapours.
When the sterilization vapours of 6 inside, storehouse and hot-air are carried out emptying, can carry partial material flows to gas discharge outlet 29 places, when above-mentioned vapours and the hot-air that carries partial material flows to filter screen 10 places, because it is that particle size range according to material subject to sterilization is provided with that the aperture of filter screen 10 is provided with, its setting to the aperture is to be undertaken by this filter screen 10 for fear of the material than small particle diameter; Along with vapours and thermal air current will be tackled by filter screen 10 and attached to inner surface, at this moment the unbalanced pulse device 11 through the material of filter screen 10, filter screen 10 is carried out blowback like this, will be blown into attached to the material of filter screen 10 inner surfacies in the sterilization storehouse 6.
When above-mentioned filter screen 11 is carried out blowback, open three-way control valve first path 51, utilize the material of 2 pairs of sterilizations of hot blast air-introduced machine, 6 inside, storehouse after sterilization to carry out dried, be 90s drying time.
After finishing, above-mentioned steps promptly enters the material cooling stage, open sterilization warehouse discharging mouth control valve 15, material after the sterilization is sent in the cooling storehouse 21 by sterilization warehouse discharging mouth 33, open refrigerator 23, open cooling storehouse inlet control valve 22, cooling air blasts cooling storehouse 21 by cooling storehouse air inlet 27, open the ventilation air-introduced machine 16 at cooling air outlet 28 places, storehouse simultaneously, refrigerating gas in the storehouse is flowed rapidly, material in the storehouse is cooled off, and material constantly floats sinking under the drive of cooling air air-flow, roll up and down, refrigerating gas is fully contacted with material, quicken cooling.In the cooling procedure, partial material can be with air outlet 28 places, the popular cooling of cooling blast storehouse, and the filter screen 18 that herein is provided with is isolated, attached to its inner surface.After the material cooling, the filter screen 18 of opening 17 pairs of coolings of pulser air outlet 28 places, storehouse carries out blowback, makes attached to its surperficial material and comes back to cooling storehouse 21, has reduced the loss of material.Then, open finished product discharging opening control valve 19, make the cooled material of sterilization enter recovering hopper 20.
In the foregoing description 1,2,3, described control valve can be selected autocontrol valve for use, controls by microcomputer, and the temperature measuring equipment in the whole process also adopts microcomputer control.
In the above-described embodiments, the pressure of described superheated steam can be chosen as respective value in the 0.01-0.4Mpa scope according to the face shaping of material and self-characteristic.
Obviously, the foregoing description only is for example clearly is described, and is not the qualification to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here need not also can't give exhaustive to all embodiments.And conspicuous variation of being extended out thus or change still are among the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. steam sterilizer, comprise sterilization storehouse and cooling storehouse, on described sterilization storehouse and described cooling storehouse, be respectively arranged with sterilization storehouse charging aperture, sterilization warehouse discharging mouth, cooling storehouse charging aperture and cooling warehouse discharging mouth, described cooling storehouse charging aperture is connected with described sterilization warehouse discharging mouth, top, described sterilization storehouse is provided with gas discharge outlet, it is characterized in that: the bottom in described sterilization storehouse is provided with hot air inlet, high temperature or cross heat sterilization steam by the pulse control valve in described hot air inlet enters described sterilization storehouse;
Described cooling storehouse is provided with cooling storehouse air inlet and cooling storehouse air outlet, described cooling storehouse air inlet is positioned at the bottom in cooling storehouse, described cooling storehouse air outlet is positioned at the top in cooling storehouse, and described cooling storehouse air inlet is connected with refrigerator by cooling storehouse inlet control valve.
2. steam sterilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hot air inlet is provided with the first branch road air inlet and the second branch road air inlet, the described first branch road air inlet links to each other with the hot blast air-introduced machine with heat exchanger successively by first path of three-way control valve, the described second branch road air inlet is connected with described heat exchanger and steam generator successively by the pulse control valve, and the alternate path of described three-way control valve is communicated with described hot blast air-introduced machine.
3. steam sterilizer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: in described sterilization storehouse and be positioned at described gas discharge outlet place the filter screen be connected with described sterilization storehouse inwall is set, in described sterilization storehouse outside and be higher than described filter screen the position or and same highly the locating of described filter screen be provided with the pulser that described filter screen is carried out blowback, described pulser is connected with inside, described sterilization storehouse.
4. steam sterilizer according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described filter screen is provided with a circle along described sterilization storehouse inwall.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 described steam sterilizers, it is characterized in that: be connected exhaust of hot air control valve and the vapours exhaust-control valve that setting communicates with inside, described sterilization storehouse respectively with described gas discharge outlet, described exhaust of hot air control valve is connected with described hot blast air-introduced machine, and described vapours exhaust-control valve directly communicates with the external world or is connected with vapour-recovery unit.
6. steam sterilizer according to claim 5 is characterized in that, charging aperture is provided with feed hopper in described sterilization storehouse, and described feed hopper is connected by the charging aperture control valve with described sterilization storehouse charging aperture; Described sterilization warehouse discharging mouth is connected by the discharging opening control valve with described cooling storehouse charging aperture, at described cooling warehouse discharging mouth recovering hopper is set, and described recovering hopper is connected by finished product discharging opening control valve with described cooling warehouse discharging mouth.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 or 6 described steam sterilizers, it is characterized in that described sterilization storehouse outer setting has sterilization storehouse shell, thereby form sterilization storehouse interlayer, in described interlayer, be filled with thermal insulation medium.
8. steam sterilizer according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described cooling storehouse air outlet is connected with the ventilation air-introduced machine.
9. steam sterilizer according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: in described cooling storehouse and be positioned at described cooling Cang Chufengkouchu the filter screen that is connected with described cooling storehouse inwall is set, in described cooling storehouse outside and be higher than described filter screen the position or and same highly the locating of described filter screen be provided with the pulser that described filter screen is carried out blowback, described pulser is connected with inside, described cooling storehouse.
CN2010201094003U 2010-02-08 2010-02-08 Steam sterilizing device for rare precious medical materials Expired - Lifetime CN201618167U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101791415B (en) * 2010-02-08 2012-09-05 西藏奇正藏药股份有限公司 Steam sterilizing device of rare precious medicinal material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101791415B (en) * 2010-02-08 2012-09-05 西藏奇正藏药股份有限公司 Steam sterilizing device of rare precious medicinal material

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