CN201615582U - Integrated energy-saving type air-conditioning unit for communication base station - Google Patents

Integrated energy-saving type air-conditioning unit for communication base station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201615582U
CN201615582U CN2010201146421U CN201020114642U CN201615582U CN 201615582 U CN201615582 U CN 201615582U CN 2010201146421 U CN2010201146421 U CN 2010201146421U CN 201020114642 U CN201020114642 U CN 201020114642U CN 201615582 U CN201615582 U CN 201615582U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
outdoor
indoor
air inlet
base station
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010201146421U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢英柏
论立勇
苗前
杨先亮
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North China Electric Power University
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North China Electric Power University
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Priority to CN2010201146421U priority Critical patent/CN201615582U/en
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Publication of CN201615582U publication Critical patent/CN201615582U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

An integrated energy-saving type air-conditioning unit for a communication base station is used for solving the problem of the air conditioning for a communication base station room such as overlarge energy consumption, and comprises a box body, wherein a refrigerating plant as well as an indoor blower, an atmospheric heat exchanger and an outdoor blower which are arranged from bottom to top are arranged in the box body, and an indoor air inlet and an indoor air outlet as well as an outdoor air inlet and an outdoor air outlet are respectively formed on the two side walls of the box body; the atmospheric heat exchanger is provided with an indoor air flow passage and an outdoor air flow passage which are mutually independent; and the refrigerating plant comprises an evaporator, a condenser and a compressor, the evaporator is positioned on the lower side of the indoor air inlet, an indoor air intake baffle is arranged between the indoor air inlet and the evaporator, the condenser is positioned on the upper side of the outdoor air inlet, and an outdoor air intake baffle is arranged between the outdoor air inlet and the condenser. The utility model can utilize the natural cold energy to the maximum to reduce the air temperature in the base station room, thereby reducing the electrical consumption of the base station greatly, and achieving simple structure, good heat exchange effect, and small space usage of the whole unit.

Description

A kind of communication base station integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of air-conditioning unit, and the especially a kind of intelligent integral air conditioner group that can utilize natural cold-energy to reduce air themperature in the communication base station belongs to air-conditioning technical field.
Background technology
The mobile base station is the essential elements of mobile communication, and along with the arrival in 3G epoch, the quantity of mobile base station is more and more, and the power consumption and the caloric value of equipment is also increasing in the machine room.Indexs such as temperature, humidity and cleanliness factor not only will influence operational reliability, stability and the service life of communication equipment in the machine room, more will influence communication security.In order to reach these requirements, air conditioner load is also increasing in the base station, and total power consumption increases rapidly.According to statistics, on average each base station air conditioner electricity charge expenditure accounts for about 54% of whole base station electricity charge expenditure, and air-conditioning has become the main current consuming apparatus in the base station machine room, how to lower the base station machine room air conditioning energy consumption and has become the task of top priority.Color steel construction is adopted in current a lot of base station, heat-insulating property is fine, the annual operation continuously of equipment in the machine room, therefore also need in the winter time machine room is lowered the temperature, be that outdoor temperature still needs to open air-conditioning heat dissipation when relatively low, this is very uneconomic, can adopt this moment the outdoor air natural cooling source to cool off air in the machine room fully.That installs in the communication base station at present mostly is common comfort air conditioning system, can not satisfy the accurate requirement of base station equipment to temperature, simultaneously because base station distribution is extensive, off-premises station is stolen, artificially damaged phenomenon takes place repeatedly, not only brought the tremendous economic loss, will have a strong impact on the base station equipment safe and stable operation simultaneously to communication enterprise.At these situations, a little improvement have been done by some manufacturer, but all adopt room air direct current mode, and air purity is difficult to guarantee in the base station like this, long operational time the easy dust stratification of equipment, consequence such as may cause that apparatus overheat burns when serious.
The utility model content
The utility model is used to overcome the defective of prior art and provides a kind of and utilize communication base station that natural cold-energy reduces air themperature in the communication base station with integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit according to outdoor temperature.
The alleged problem of the utility model solves by the following technical programs:
A kind of communication base station integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit, its special feature is: described air-conditioning unit formation comprises casing, the indoor fan that is provided with refrigerating plant in the casing and is provided with from bottom to top, air heat exchanger, outdoor fan, be respectively equipped with indoor air inlet on two sidewalls of described casing, indoor air outlet and outdoor air inlet, outdoor air outlet, described air heat exchanger is provided with separate room air runner and outdoor air runner, described refrigerating plant comprises evaporimeter, condenser and compressor, described evaporimeter is positioned at the indoor air inlet downside, between indoor air inlet and evaporimeter, be provided with indoor air intake baffle plate, described condenser is positioned at outdoor air inlet upside, is provided with outdoor air intake baffle plate between outdoor air inlet and condenser.
Above-mentioned communication base station integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit, described indoor air inlet 6, indoor air outlet 2 lay respectively at the upper and lower of the indoor sidewall of casing, and indoor air inlet is regular perforate or the individual layer blinds is set that indoor air outlet is provided with double-deck blinds; Described outdoor air inlet 11, outdoor air outlet 9 lay respectively at the bottom and the top of the outdoor sidewall of casing, outdoor air inlet 11 sets gradually rectangle or circular flanged air port or individual layer blinds and air cleaner 14 from outside to inside, and described outdoor air outlet is rectangle or circular flanged air port.
Above-mentioned communication base station integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit, described air heat exchanger 4 is board-like sensible heat exchanger, described indoor fan 1 and outdoor fan 8 are centrifugal blower or axial flow blower.
The utility model has designed a kind of air-conditioning unit that can utilize natural cold-energy to reduce air themperature in the communication base station at communication base station room air conditioning energy consumption problems of too, this air-conditioning unit is by air heat exchanger, indoor fan, outdoor fan, cabinet and refrigerating plant are formed, and it and control device coupling are when the outdoor environment temperature load setting requires, can adopt natural cold-energy to reduce air themperature in the base station machine room, reduce base station power consumption greatly.The utility model integrated design can avoid the stolen economic loss and the apparatus overheat that cause of being damaged of off-premises station to cause failure risk; Adopt the heat exchange of plate type heat exchanger partition, ensured air purity in the base station; By optimizing runner, make the utility model simple in structure, good effect of heat exchange, the precision height, complete machine takes up room little, lays conveniently good looking appearance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the pure fan operation mode configuration of a utility model schematic diagram;
The left view of Fig. 2 Fig. 1;
The right view of Fig. 3 Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the utility model refrigeration and the common operational mode structural representation of blower fan;
Fig. 5 is the pure refrigerating operaton mode configuration of a utility model schematic diagram.
Label is expressed as follows in the accompanying drawing: 1. indoor fan; 2. indoor air outlet; 3. casing; 4. air heat exchanger; 5. evaporimeter; 6. indoor air inlet; 7. indoor air intake baffle plate; 8. outdoor fan; 9. outdoor air outlet; 10. condenser; 11. outdoor air inlet; 12. outdoor air intake baffle plate; 13. compressor; 14. air cleaner.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is according to the indoor-outdoor air temperature, under three kinds of different patterns, work, described three kinds of mode of operations are: pure fan operation pattern, blower fan and the common operational mode of refrigerating plant and pure refrigerating plant operational mode, utilize the outdoor air natural cold-energy to greatest extent, reduce the base station power consumption, and guarantee air purity in the base station.
Referring to Fig. 1, the utility model constitutes the refrigerating plant that comprises that casing 3 is interior with being arranged on casing, and refrigerating plant comprises evaporimeter 5, condenser 10 and compressor 13.Also be provided with indoor fan 1, air heat exchanger 4, outdoor fan 8 in the casing from bottom to top.On the indoor sidewall of casing, be provided with indoor air inlet 6 and indoor air outlet 2, on the outdoor sidewall of casing, be provided with outdoor air inlet 11 and outdoor air outlet 9.Described evaporimeter is positioned at indoor air inlet 6 downsides, is provided with indoor air intake baffle plate 7 between indoor air inlet and evaporimeter.Described condenser 10 is positioned at outdoor air inlet 11 upsides, is provided with outdoor air intake baffle plate 12 between outdoor air inlet and condenser.Indoor and outdoor air intake baffle plate one end is hinged, and it can rotate relative to pin joint.Evaporimeter and condenser can be arranged in the air heat exchanger both sides according to incline direction, also can segment level arrange.Air heat exchanger 4 is board-like sensible heat exchanger, is provided with separate room air runner and outdoor air runner in it.
Referring to Fig. 1-3, back density diminishes because air is heated, so indoor air inlet 6 is arranged on the top of the indoor sidewall of casing, and indoor air outlet 2 is positioned at the bottom of the indoor sidewall of casing, indoor air inlet is regular perforate or the individual layer blinds is set that indoor air outlet is provided with double-deck blinds; Outdoor air inlet 11, outdoor air outlet 9 lay respectively at the bottom and the top of the outdoor sidewall of casing, outdoor air inlet 11 sets gradually rectangle or circular flanged air port or individual layer blinds and air cleaner 14 from outside to inside, and air cleaner prevents that the heat-transfer surface dust stratification from causing the heat exchange deleterious.Outdoor air outlet is rectangle or circular flanged air port.The utility model adopts air draught to arrange, helps the interior air of heat exchanger and flows uniform and stable.In the not direct inlet chamber of outdoor air, so can satisfy air purity requirement in the base station machine room.
The utility model air heat exchanger 4 is selected board-like sensible heat exchanger for use, and the heat-transfer surface material can be aluminium foil, and the type of flow is a countercurrent flow, and indoor fan 1 and outdoor fan 8 are selected the centrifugal blower or the axial flow blower of both sides air intake for use.
The utility model is with the control device coupling, realize intelligent control, control device comprises indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, single-chip microcomputer, servomotor, temperature sensor is transferred to single-chip microcomputer with temperature signal, by action of Single-chip Controlling blower fan and servomotor action, and by servomotor action drive chamber, the action of interior external air inlet baffle plate.
Three kinds of mode of operation divisions of the present utility model are as follows:
One, complete fan operation pattern: as shown in Figure 1, when this pattern is used for outdoor temperature and is lower than design temperature and pure blower fan pattern and can guarantees that indoor temperature is in claimed range.Refrigerating plant quits work under this pattern, and air intake baffle plate 7 and outdoor air intake baffle plate 12 block evaporimeter 5 and condenser 10 air intakes inlet respectively in the control device drive chamber.Outdoor air enters air heat exchanger 4 through outdoor air inlet 11, absorbs the heat of room air, and temperature is delivered in the outside atmosphere through outdoor fan 8, outdoor air outlet 9 after raising.Room air enters air heat exchanger 4 through indoor air inlet 6, after the outdoor air cooling, reenters indoor through indoor fan 1 and indoor air outlet 2.Among the figure filled arrows represent outdoor distinguished and admirable to, hollow arrow represent indoor distinguished and admirable to.
Two, the common operational mode of blower fan and refrigerating plant: as shown in Figure 4,, when still pure fan operation can not guarantee indoor air temperature, adopt this mode operation when outdoor environment temperature is lower than design temperature.Air intake baffle plate 7 and outdoor air intake baffle plate 12 rotate 45 degree in the control device drive chamber, room air reenters indoor respectively simultaneously through indoor air outlet 2 by mixing after evaporimeter 5 and air heat exchanger 4 heat exchange, outdoor air is delivered in the outside atmosphere through outdoor air outlet 9 by mixing after condenser 10 and air heat exchanger 4 heat exchange respectively simultaneously.Among the figure filled arrows represent outdoor distinguished and admirable to, hollow arrow represent indoor distinguished and admirable to.
Three, pure refrigerating plant operational mode: as shown in Figure 5, when outdoor temperature is higher than design temperature, adopt this mode operation.This pattern is blocked the room air runner and the outdoor air runner air inlet of air heat exchanger 4 respectively by air intake baffle plate 7 in the control device drive chamber and outdoor air intake baffle plate 12, by indoor air inlet 6, evaporimeter 5, indoor fan 1 is formed room air refrigeration heat exchanger channels with indoor air outlet 2, by outdoor air inlet 11, the outdoor air refrigeration heat exchanger channels that condenser 10, outdoor fan 8 and outdoor air outlet 9 are formed.Among the figure filled arrows represent outdoor distinguished and admirable to, hollow arrow represent indoor distinguished and admirable to.

Claims (3)

1. a communication base station is with integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit, it is characterized in that: it comprises casing (3), the indoor fan (1) that is provided with refrigerating plant in the casing and is provided with from bottom to top, air heat exchanger (4), outdoor fan (8), be respectively equipped with indoor air inlet (6) on two sidewalls of described casing, indoor air outlet (2) and outdoor air inlet (11), outdoor air outlet (9), described air heat exchanger is provided with separate room air runner and outdoor air runner, described refrigerating plant comprises evaporimeter (5), condenser (10) and compressor (13), described evaporimeter is positioned at the indoor air inlet downside, between indoor air inlet and evaporimeter, be provided with indoor air intake baffle plate (7), described condenser is positioned at outdoor air inlet upside, is provided with outdoor air intake baffle plate (12) between outdoor air inlet and condenser.
2. communication base station according to claim 1 integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit, it is characterized in that: described indoor air inlet (6), indoor air outlet (2) lay respectively at the upper and lower of the indoor sidewall of casing, indoor air inlet is regular perforate or the individual layer blinds is set that indoor air outlet is provided with double-deck blinds; Described outdoor air inlet (11), outdoor air outlet (9) lay respectively at the bottom and the top of the outdoor sidewall of casing, outdoor air inlet (11) sets gradually rectangle or circular flanged air port or individual layer blinds and air cleaner (14) from outside to inside, and described outdoor air outlet is rectangle or circular flanged air port.
3. communication base station according to claim 1 and 2 integral energy-saving type air-conditioning unit, it is characterized in that: described air heat exchanger (4) is board-like sensible heat exchanger, and described indoor fan (1) and outdoor fan (8) are centrifugal blower or axial flow blower.
CN2010201146421U 2010-02-11 2010-02-11 Integrated energy-saving type air-conditioning unit for communication base station Expired - Fee Related CN201615582U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201146421U CN201615582U (en) 2010-02-11 2010-02-11 Integrated energy-saving type air-conditioning unit for communication base station

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066294A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-18 深圳市雷普诺科技发展有限公司 Intelligent industrial electrical cabinet air conditioner
CN105180290A (en) * 2015-10-15 2015-12-23 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Parallel-connected draught fan combined cabinet
CN105972729A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-09-28 深圳市英维克科技股份有限公司 Machine room cooling system provided with set-top type units
CN106288010A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-01-04 刘满华 Air conditioner integrated machine
CN108302685A (en) * 2016-08-11 2018-07-20 利桑公司 The air circulation system of cycle, discharge and intake function with inner air

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066294A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-18 深圳市雷普诺科技发展有限公司 Intelligent industrial electrical cabinet air conditioner
CN105066294B (en) * 2015-07-28 2018-05-01 深圳市雷普诺科技发展有限公司 Industrial electro gas holder intelligent air condition
CN105180290A (en) * 2015-10-15 2015-12-23 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Parallel-connected draught fan combined cabinet
CN105972729A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-09-28 深圳市英维克科技股份有限公司 Machine room cooling system provided with set-top type units
CN108302685A (en) * 2016-08-11 2018-07-20 利桑公司 The air circulation system of cycle, discharge and intake function with inner air
CN108302685B (en) * 2016-08-11 2021-07-16 利桑公司 Air circulation system having internal air circulation, discharge and suction functions
CN106288010A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-01-04 刘满华 Air conditioner integrated machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101027

Termination date: 20120211