CN201607225U - Longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument - Google Patents

Longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201607225U
CN201607225U CN2010203008746U CN201020300874U CN201607225U CN 201607225 U CN201607225 U CN 201607225U CN 2010203008746 U CN2010203008746 U CN 2010203008746U CN 201020300874 U CN201020300874 U CN 201020300874U CN 201607225 U CN201607225 U CN 201607225U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pointer
latitude
longitude
weight
bearing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010203008746U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐威
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徐威
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Priority to CN2010203008746U priority Critical patent/CN201607225U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201607225U publication Critical patent/CN201607225U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument which comprises folding bottom plates, a spherical base fixedly arranged on the bottom plates, and a hollow sphere arranged on the spherical base, wherein latitude and longitude scales are marked on the surface of the hollow sphere, and a reading pointer device is arranged inside the hollow sphere; the reading pointer device comprises a fixed shaft, a bearing, pointer holders, a counter weight and a pointer, wherein the fixed shaft is fixedly connected with the spherical base; the bearing is rotationally arranged outside the fixed shaft; the pointer holders are arranged on the bearing; the counter weight can be rotationally suspended between two pointer holders; and the top end of the counter weight is connected with the pointer. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, accurate and reliable measurement results, easy production and low cost, and can be widely applied to the measurement of the inclination angles of inclined planes, levelness and verticality in various industries. The utility model adopts the crosshead pointer, the hollow sphere is marked with the scales at 360 degrees, therefore, when the gradient measuring instrument is in use, as long as two bottom plates are unfolded and placed on the plane of a gradient to be measured, the accurate gradient value can be read.

Description

The comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude
Technical field
The utility model relates to the surveying instrument that building operation is used, and refers in particular to a kind of comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude that can directly measure the gradient, levelness, verticality.
Background technology
The present various surveying instruments that in building operation, generally use, as level meter, its core component is an air level (an alveolate sealing cell in inside), judge whether level of detected ground according to the position of bubble, but can't the determined level degree, also can't the measuring vertical or the gradient.Existing slope measuring instrument, description is all not within minority, but mostly function singleness, complicated operation (what have also need calculate), carry inconvenience, precision is lower.Have two distinct disadvantage as the automatic gradient measurer of patent and a kind of multi-functional gradiometer: 1, all adopt the fluid level to come indicating graduation.Because fluid level and wall contact position can form concave surface, and spheroid volume and little, reading has bigger error like this, and in order to prevent leaking outside and volatilizing of liquid, to the leakproofness requirement of hollow ball than higher.Though 2 can be rough read the gradient, when the detection plane levelness the high latitude place of fluid level correspondence be difficult to confirm through line position, so just can not be clear and definite indicate domatic vergence direction.Also such as patent slope measuring device, reading is in measuring instrument one side, and the reading inconvenience is also uncomfortable, particularly measures the fall of channel that is lower than ground and especially is difficult for reading.And they only just can measure the gradient accurately clear and definite behind the domatic accurate vergence direction, and have a lot of domatic being difficult to judge clear and definite vergence direction intuitively in the reality, and at this moment the confidence level of measurement result will have been had a greatly reduced quality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is improved at shortcoming that exists in the background technology and problem, and a kind of comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude intuitively simple in structure, convenient is provided.
The technical solution of the utility model is a kind of measuring instrument that comprises following structure of structure:
The folding type base plate is fixedly installed on spheroid pedestal and the hollow ball that is arranged on the spheroid pedestal on the base plate, and wherein: the hollow ball surface indicates the longitude and latitude scale, and inside is provided with the reading indicator device;
Described reading indicator device comprises stationary shaft, bearing, pointer support, weight and pointer, wherein stationary shaft is fixedlyed connected with the spheroid pedestal, bearing is rotating to be arranged on outside the stationary shaft, the pointer support is arranged on the bearing, weight is rotating to be suspended between the two pointer supports weight top concatenation pointer.
Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect:
The utility model is simple in structure, measurement result accurately and reliably, be easy to produce, with low cost, the gradient that can be widely used in every profession and trade is the measurement of inclination angle of inclined plane, levelness, verticality.The utility model adopts " ten " prefix pointer, can indicate a point very accurately, and the direction of reading the gradient and place warp very intuitively is the inclined-plane vergence direction; And 360 degree directions all have scale on the hollow ball, and on the hollow ball latitude high scale is more little more, as long as launching two base plates is positioned on the plane that will survey the gradient, just can read value of slope accurately during use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation
Fig. 2 is a reading indicator device structural representation in the utility model hollow ball
Fig. 3 is the utility model hollow ball surface structure synoptic diagram
Fig. 4 is the utility model user mode structural representation
Embodiment
By Fig. 1 to 4 as can be known, the utility model comprises:
Folding type base plate 1 is fixedly installed on spheroid pedestal 2 and the hollow ball 3 that is arranged on the spheroid pedestal 2 on the base plate 1, and wherein: hollow ball 3 surfaces indicate the longitude and latitude scale, and inside is provided with reading indicator device 4;
Described reading indicator device 4 comprises stationary shaft 5, bearing 6, pointer support 7, weight 8 and pointer 9, wherein stationary shaft 5 is fixedlyed connected with spheroid pedestal 2, bearing 6 rotating being arranged on outside the stationary shaft 5, pointer support 7 is arranged on the bearing 6, weight 8 rotating being suspended between the two pointer supports 7, weight 8 top concatenation pointers 9.
Folding type base plate 1 described in the utility model is made up of two base plates, and two base plates put rotating parallel closed assembly by center fixed and be integral, and respectively is provided with an air level 10 on two base plates.Described weight 8 is even matter center symmetry weight.Described pointer 9 is fixedly installed on positive center, weight 8 tops, and the pointer head is " ten " font, and perpendicular to overlooking surface level.
Measuring principle of the present utility model: because object is under action of gravity, the line of its center of gravity and fulcrum is perpendicular to surface level, and " ten " prefix pointer other end is the even centrosymmetric weight of matter, because graviational interaction, pointer always points to the direction opposite with the earth's core perpendicular to surface level, utilizes two parallel lines alternate interior angles to equate that principle records value of slope.
Using method of the present utility model:
Measure levelness: the utility model base plate 1 is launched at an angle, be preferably the right angle, being positioned over needs to measure on the ground or parts of horizontality, if ground or parts level, then " ten " prefix pointer is positioned at the spheroid summit, if out-of-level, then " ten " prefix pointer can depart from the summit, numerical value on the latitude of its indication promptly is the inclination number of degrees of ground or parts, and longitudinal then is the accurate direction that the plane tilted.As in the installation of equipment, requiring horizontal setting, only need with the utility model place measure degree of tilt on the equipment plane after, with certain thickness pad device bottom is leveled up and to get final product.In addition, the air level on the base plate for the measurement of the not high planar horizontal degree of precision requirement, can directly be opened the measurement that two base plates carry out qualitative non-quantitative at an angle.
Measure the gradient: method is identical with the measurement levelness, numerical value on the latitude of " ten " prefix pointer indication promptly is slope number, and longitudinal then is the accurate direction that the plane tilted, as known domatic accurate vergence direction, then need not launch base plate, directly read the latitude number and get final product.
The measuring vertical degree: method with last two kinds identical, 90 degree scale places are vertically pointer as long as refer to go up promptly at hollow ball " equator ".
Embodiment described in the utility model only is the description that preferred implementation of the present utility model is carried out; be not that the utility model design and scope are limited; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model design philosophy; engineering technical personnel make the technical solution of the utility model in this area various modification and improvement; all should fall into protection domain of the present utility model; the technology contents that the utility model is asked for protection all is documented in claims.

Claims (4)

1. comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude is characterized in that comprising:
Folding type base plate (1) is fixedly installed on the spheroid pedestal (2) on the base plate (1) and is arranged on hollow ball (3) on the spheroid pedestal (2), and wherein: hollow ball (3) surface indicates the longitude and latitude scale, and inside is provided with reading indicator device (4);
Described reading indicator device (4) comprises stationary shaft (5), bearing (6), pointer support (7), weight (8) and pointer (9), wherein stationary shaft (5) is fixedlyed connected with spheroid pedestal (2), bearing (6) is rotating to be arranged on outside the stationary shaft (5), pointer support (7) is arranged on the bearing (6), weight (8) is rotating to be suspended between the two pointer supports (7) weight (8) top concatenation pointer (9).
2. the comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described folding type base plate (1) is made up of two base plates, and two base plates are put rotating parallel closed assembly by center fixed and are integral, and respectively are provided with an air level (10) on two base plates.
3. the comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude according to claim 1 is characterized in that described weight (8) is even matter center symmetry weight.
4. the comprehensive gradient measurer of longitude and latitude according to claim 1 is characterized in that described pointer (9) is fixedly installed on positive center, weight (8) top, and the pointer head is " ten " font, and perpendicular to overlooking surface level.
CN2010203008746U 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument Expired - Fee Related CN201607225U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010203008746U CN201607225U (en) 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010203008746U CN201607225U (en) 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201607225U true CN201607225U (en) 2010-10-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010203008746U Expired - Fee Related CN201607225U (en) 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Longitude and latitude omnidirectional gradient measuring instrument

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CN (1) CN201607225U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322846A (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-01-18 李秋山 Longitude-latitude ten-dimension XYZ digital display spectrometer
CN102692212A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-09-26 天津住宅集团建材科技有限公司 Universal leveling ball
CN104764484A (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-08 黄有能 Multifunctional azimuth inclination measuring instrument
CN111288976A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-16 合肥潜望镜机械科技有限公司 Measuring device for building engineering
CN111664838A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-09-15 广东电网有限责任公司 Gradient measuring device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322846A (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-01-18 李秋山 Longitude-latitude ten-dimension XYZ digital display spectrometer
CN102322846B (en) * 2011-05-13 2014-07-09 李秋山 Longitude-latitude ten-dimension XYZ digital display spectrometer
CN102692212A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-09-26 天津住宅集团建材科技有限公司 Universal leveling ball
CN104764484A (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-08 黄有能 Multifunctional azimuth inclination measuring instrument
CN111288976A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-16 合肥潜望镜机械科技有限公司 Measuring device for building engineering
CN111664838A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-09-15 广东电网有限责任公司 Gradient measuring device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101013

Termination date: 20120118