CN201604070U - Numerical control vertical type cylinder sleeve honing mill - Google Patents

Numerical control vertical type cylinder sleeve honing mill Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201604070U
CN201604070U CN2009202459717U CN200920245971U CN201604070U CN 201604070 U CN201604070 U CN 201604070U CN 2009202459717 U CN2009202459717 U CN 2009202459717U CN 200920245971 U CN200920245971 U CN 200920245971U CN 201604070 U CN201604070 U CN 201604070U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main shaft
feed
honing
cylinder
cylinder sleeve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2009202459717U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张同兵
陈永华
金洪祥
王鹏
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BAOJI ZHONGCHENG MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
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BAOJI ZHONGCHENG MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2009202459717U priority Critical patent/CN201604070U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201604070U publication Critical patent/CN201604070U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a numerical control vertical type cylinder sleeve honing mill, belonging to the technical field of machinery and comprising a driving main shaft, a main transmission mechanism of a two-feed honing head, a radial constant pressure feed mechanism of rough and fine honing sand strips, a stroke moving mechanism capable of leading the main shaft to move up and down stably at high speed, and a digital control system realized by a programmable controller, and a double-station clamping structure. The connecting mode is as follows: a vertical type honing head main shaft transmission mechanism and the radial constant pressure feed mechanism of the honing sand strips are vertically arranged at the middle of the stroke moving mechanism capable of leading the main shaft to move up and down stably at high speed; the stroke moving mechanism leads the main shaft to move up and down stably at high speed along a guide sleeve; the two-feed honing head is arranged at the lower end of the main shaft by arranging a connecting rod with a two-head universal joint structure; the double-station clamping structure is arranged at the lower of the honing head of the machine body; and the digital control system is arranged at the outside of an integral type safety protecting device of a machine tool. The numerical control vertical type cylinder sleeve honing mill has simple structure, reasonable layout, good working stability and reliability and high processing accuracy, has visual operation interface, and can realize platform chequered processing of cylinder sleeve parts with the inner aperture Phi of 80mm to 180mm.

Description

A kind of numerical control vertical cylinder sleeve honing machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of numerical control vertical cylinder sleeve honing machine of mechanical engineering technical field.
Background technology
Auto manufacturing is that present China is with fastest developing speed, also is the most promising manufacturing industry.Cylinder jacket is the major part of engine, belong in enormous quantities, high accuracy, highly difficult converted products, for the power that satisfies engine and the requirement of environment protection emission, the dimensional accuracy of air cylinder sleeve of engine, form and position tolerance precision all have high requirement, and the microcosmic reticulate pattern to cylinder liner internal wall also must have very high requirement simultaneously.Cylinder jacket is processed last procedure must carry out the honing of high accuracy platform reticulate pattern.But the honing machine of domestic-developed mostly is manual or semi-automatic feeding mode at present, and stroke movement speed is slow, and stroke length commutating period can't guarantee the honing of high quality platform reticulate pattern, and machining accuracy is difficult to satisfy the requirement of product.
Find that by prior art documents the Chinese patent publication number is CN1654167A, open day is on August 17th, 2005, and it is relevant with the application that name is called " digital control vertical high precision honing machine ".This patent readme is: " a kind of digital control vertical high precision honing machine that belongs to field of mechanical technique; the present invention includes: the spindle drive of vertical honing head; hone stone is micro-feed mechanism radially; honing head high-speed smooth reciprocating mechanism; numerical control system; its connected mode is: vertical honing head spindle drive and hone stone radially micro-feed mechanism all spatial vertical be arranged on one's body the plover mill machine, the spindle drive of vertical honing head and hone stone radially micro-feed mechanism link together by the feeding cover, and honing head high-speed smooth reciprocating mechanism is by bearing and vertical rank grinding spindle transmission mechanism, hone stone radially micro-feed mechanism links together.The present invention can realize that the numerically-controlled precise rough honing of internal diameter Φ 10mm to Φ 50mm part and two stations of microhoning process automatically." this patent is owing to adopt single feed honing head, promptly honing emery stick micro-feed mechanism has only one group, and the honing emery stick also has only one group in honing head, can't process the one step completed flat-roofed processing process of the desired dual-feed honing head of cylinder jacket.This patent is only processed internal diameter Φ 10mm to Φ 50mm part, can't satisfy the large-sized requirement of diesel engine cylinder jacket.
In further literature search, find as yet and the identical or similar report of the utility model theme " numerical control vertical cylinder sleeve honing machine ".
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of digital control vertical high precision cylinder jacket honing machine is provided, and adopts the frequency conversion control technique drive shaft to rotatablely move; Use electro-hydraulic proportional control technology the main shaft high-speed smooth is moved, and high overcommutation, translational speed and position closed loop control; Use electro-hydraulic proportional control technology and realize radially level perssure feed thick, the microhoning emery stick, feed pressure closed-loop control; On-line measurement system guarantees the dimensional uniformity of batch machining cylinder jacket; Double rotary table and cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device make and process non-cutting time is zero; The employing Programmable Controller is digital control, and visual close friend's operation interface makes it easy to operate.This machine is simple in structure, and is rationally distributed, job stability and good reliability, and the machining accuracy height, high efficiency can realize the platform reticulate pattern processing of internal orifice dimension Φ 80mm to Φ 180mm cylinder jacket part.
The utility model is mainly contained following technology contents:
, drive shaft and dual-feed honing head main drive gear;
, thick, microhoning emery stick radially level perssure feed mechanism;
, can make the up and down stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth of main shaft;
, Programmable Controller numerical control system;
, the cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device.
Its frame mode is: stroke movement mechanism be hydraulic cylinder make main shaft do up and down along fairlead high-speed smooth moves, the variable-frequency motor that vertical honing head spindle drive is arranged on the frame passes through the chain drive main axis rotation, honing emery stick radially level perssure feed mechanism is vertically set on and makes between main shaft and the hydraulic cylinder, dual-feed honing head is arranged on the main shaft lower end by the connecting rod with two gimbal structure, the cylinder jacket clamping structure of double is arranged on the below of honing head on the lathe bed, and numerical control system is located at the outside of lathe monoblock type security protection.
Described drive shaft and dual-feed honing head main drive gear comprise: main shaft variable-frequency motor, decelerator, pair of sprocket and chain, bearing and main shaft.Its connected mode is that the main shaft variable-frequency motor links to each other with first sprocket wheel by decelerator, again by chain with link to each other with second sprocket wheel of bearing fixing on fairlead.
Described make main shaft up and down the stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth comprise: the quantitative oil pressure source of proportional servo valve control, be fixed in the stroke oil cylinder on the frame and be connected main shaft on two feed cylinders by bearing.
Described radially level perssure feed mechanism thick, the microhoning emery stick comprises: the level pressure oil sources of proportional servo valve control, two feed cylinder, inner push-rod, outer push rod, two universal joints, connecting rod, internal expanding core, rise core, corase grind sand stripe stand, correct grinding sand stripe stand outward.Its connected mode is: the two feed cylinders that are connected between stroke oil cylinder and the main shaft are connected with inside and outside push rod, make slightly, finish grind thick, correct grinding emery stick level perssure feed radially on the sand stripe stand by inside and outside push rod and the inside and outside core that rises.
Described cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device comprises: be installed on double workbench and clamp body and the interior rubber sleeve of clamp body on the lathe bed.
The course of work of the present utility model is: be installed on the cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device on the double workbench, make the rubber sleeve distortion by hydraulic fluid, thereby fixed air cylinder sleeve, dual-feed honing head places cylinder sleeve, the upper end of honing head is connected with the honing main shaft by connecting rod, the main shaft variable-frequency motor drives the main axis rotation motion by the decelerator chain drive-belt, rotates in cylinder sleeve thereby drive dual-feed honing head.Place the stroke oil cylinder passing ratio reversal valve of main shaft upper end to make main shaft make high speed stroke movement up and down, in cylinder sleeve, do the up-down stroke motion thereby drive dual-feed honing head.Place of the level pressure oil sources driving of two feed cylinders of main shaft upper end, motion is passed to slightly, finish grinded sand stripe stand, make slightly, finish grind emery stick countercylinder cover and keep constant radial feed pressure by inside and outside push rod and the inside and outside core that rises by proportional servo valve control.Roughly grinding emery stick by the proportional servo valve control earlier of numerical control system control stretches out, grind dark clearly groove at the cylinder sleeve inner surface, proportional servo valve control changing correct grinding emery stick by numerical control system control stretches out again, the groove both sides that grind at the corase grind emery stick grind little platform, rotatablely moving and the radial feed of up-down stroke motion and honing emery stick of honing head forms the platform reticulate pattern structure at overlapping curve groove and tiny platform interval at the cylinder sleeve inner surface.Control system is returned by encoder feedback in main shaft stroke speed and position in the honing process, hydraulic pressure sensor detects two feed cylinder hydraulic pressures, feedback is thick, the radial pressure of washed ore bar countercylinder cover, in honing head grinding cylinder sleeve process, it is big that gas gaging hole on the honing head and cylinder sleeve gap become.Cause the gas pressure of gas gauge head to change, trigger the signal that the pneumoelectric conversion device is set, system thinks and reaches predetermined grinding size, finishes the honing process.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The design of good man computer interface and hommization makes operation more convenient, and LCD is simple to operate, job stability and good reliability.
The spindle drive of vertical honing head and radially level perssure feed mechanism thick, the microhoning emery stick all are arranged on the axis centre of stroke movement, reduced the amount of deflection variation that the resistance of motion and self gravitation cause, improve machining accuracy, can realize the stable high-speed mobile of stroke movement.
Based on the proportional servo valve that uses electrichydraulic control, can realize the quick commutation of stroke movement.
All carry out closed-loop control based on stroke movement speed and main axis rotation motion, can realize the accurate control of interior surface of cylinder liner platform reticulate pattern angle by encoder feedback.
Adopt on-line automatic measuring system based on honing head, can guarantee the dimensional accuracy of cylinder sleeve in the process.Thereby the processing cylinder jacket can reach following result: endoporus circularity 0.003mm, the uniformity 0.01mm of size.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a structure diagram of the present utility model.
Among Fig. 1: 1. frame, 2. stroke oil cylinder, 3. pair feed cylinder, 4. inner push-rod, 5. outer push rod, 6. bearing one, 7. main shaft, 8. main shaft variable-frequency motor, decelerator, 9. sprocket wheel one, 10. chain, 11. sprocket wheels, two, 12. fairleads, 13. bearing two, 14. connecting rods, 15. universal joints one, 16. universal joint two, 17. dual-feed honing heads, 18. internal expanding cores, the core 19. rise outward, 20. correct grinding sand stripe stands, 21. correct grinding emery sticks, 22. the corase grind sand stripe stand, 23. corase grind emery sticks, 24. double rotary table, 25. rubber sleeve, 26. clamp bodies, 27. cylinder sleeves.
The specific embodiment
As shown in fig. 1, the utility model comprises: the main drive gear of drive shaft and dual-feed honing head; Slightly, the radially level perssure feed mechanism of microhoning emery stick; Can make the up and down stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth of main shaft; The numerical control system that the programmable controller controls system realizes; Cylinder jacket clamping structure.Its connected mode is: vertical honing head spindle drive and honing emery stick radially level perssure feed mechanism all are vertically set on the centre that makes the main shaft stroke movement mechanism that high-speed smooth moves about in the of 7, stroke movement mechanism makes main shaft 7 do up and down by fairlead 12, and high-speed smooth moves, dual-feed honing head 17 is arranged on main shaft 7 lower ends by the connecting rod 14 with two gimbal structure, the rubber sleeve 25 that cylinder sleeve 27 is fixed in clamp body 26 is built on the double rotary table 24, be arranged on the below of dual-feed honing head 17 on the frame, numerical control system is located at the outside of lathe monoblock type security protection.
The main drive gear of described drive shaft 7 and dual-feed honing head 17 comprises main shaft variable-frequency motor and decelerator 8, sprocket wheel 1, sprocket wheel 2 11 and chain 10, bearing 2 13 and main shaft 7.Its connected mode is: main shaft variable-frequency motor, decelerator 8 axle head fixed chain wheels 1, by chain 10 drive sprockets 2 11, sprocket wheel 2 11 drives with bearing 2 13 and is supported on main shaft 7 on the frame 1, makes main shaft realize rotation.
Described make main shaft up and down the stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth comprise the stroke oil cylinder 2 that is fixed on the frame 1, stroke oil cylinder 2 is connected main shaft 7 on two feed cylinders 3 by bearing 1.Its connected mode is: the quantitative oil pressure source of electro-hydraulic proportional servo valve control drives the piston of stroke oil cylinder 2, and two feed cylinders 3 of drive and main shaft 7 are done high-speed smooth and moved between fairlead 12.
Described radially level perssure feed mechanism thick, the microhoning emery stick comprises: the level pressure oil sources of proportional servo valve control, two feed cylinder 3, inner push-rod 4, outer push rod 5, universal joint 15, universal joint 16, connecting rod 14, internal expanding core 18, rise core 19, correct grinding sand stripe stand 20, correct grinding emery stick 21, corase grind sand stripe stand 22, corase grind emery stick 23 outward.Its connected mode is: the level pressure oil pressure source of electro-hydraulic proportional servo valve control drives the piston that is connected the two feed cylinders 3 between stroke oil cylinder 2 and the main shaft 7, the piston of two feed cylinders 3 is connected with inner push-rod 4, outer push rod 5 respectively, by internal expanding core 18, outward rise core 19 make the correct grinding sand stripe stand 20, the corase grind sand stripe stand 22 move radially, drive correct grinding emery stick 21,23 radial motions of corase grind emery stick respectively, give cylinder sleeve 27 inner surface constant compression force, realize level perssure feed.
Described cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device comprises: be installed on double rotary table 24 on the frame 1 and clamp body 26, rubber sleeve 25.Its connected mode is: by motor-driven double rotary table 24 revolutions, cylinder sleeve 27 places on the station of double rotary table 24, hydraulic pressure makes rubber sleeve 25 distortion in the clamp body 26, thereby holding cylinder sleeve 27 tightly fixes it, beginning honing processing, another station that adds on the double rotary table 24 in man-hour can load and unload cylinder sleeve 27 simultaneously, raises the efficiency.

Claims (4)

1. a numerical control vertical cylinder sleeve honing machine is characterized in that comprising: the main drive gear that drive shaft (7) and dual-feed honing head (17) rotate; Slightly, the radially level perssure feed mechanism of microhoning emery stick; Can make the up and down stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth of main shaft; The numerical control system that the programmable controller controls system realizes; The cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device; Spindle drive and honing emery stick radially level perssure feed mechanism all are vertically set on and make main shaft (7) centre of the stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth up and down, stroke movement mechanism makes main shaft (7) do up and down by fairlead (12), and high-speed smooth moves, dual-feed honing head (17) is connected main shaft (7) lower end by the connecting rod (14) with two gimbal structure, cylinder jacket clamping structure is arranged on the bottom of dual-feed honing head on the lathe bed (17), and numerical control system is located at the outside of lathe monoblock type security protection.
2. digital control vertical high precision cylinder jacket honing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described make main shaft up and down the stroke movement mechanism that moves of high-speed smooth comprise the stroke oil cylinder (2) that is fixed on the frame (1), stroke oil cylinder (2) is connected main shaft (7) on pair feed cylinders (3) by bearing one (6); The two feed cylinders (3) of piston drive of the quantitative oil pressure source driving stroke oil cylinder (2) of electro-hydraulic proportional servo valve control and main shaft (7) are done high-speed smooth and are moved between fairlead (12).
3. digital control vertical high precision cylinder jacket honing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described radially level perssure feed mechanism thick, the microhoning emery stick comprises: the level pressure oil pressure source of proportional servo valve control, two feed cylinder (3), inner push-rod (4), outer push rod (5), universal joint one (15), universal joint two (16), connecting rod (14), internal expanding core (18), rise core (19), correct grinding sand stripe stand (20), correct grinding emery stick (21), corase grind sand stripe stand (22), corase grind emery stick (23) outward; The level pressure oil pressure source of electro-hydraulic proportional servo valve control drives the piston that is connected the two feed cylinders (3) between stroke oil cylinder (2) and the main shaft (7), the piston of two feed cylinders (3) is connected by internal expanding core (18) respectively with inner push-rod (4), outer push rod (5), the core (19) that rises outward moves radially correct grinding sand stripe stand (20), corase grind sand stripe stand (22), drive correct grinding emery stick (21), the radial motion of corase grind emery stick (23) respectively, give cylinder sleeve (27) inner surface constant compression force, realize level perssure feed.。
4. digital control vertical high precision cylinder jacket honing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described cylinder jacket hydraulic enclasp device comprises the double rotary table (24) that is installed on the frame (1) and clamp body (26), rubber sleeve (25).By motor-driven double rotary table (24) revolution, cylinder sleeve (27) places on the station of double rotary table (24), hydraulic pressure makes rubber sleeve (25) distortion in the clamp body (26), thereby holding cylinder sleeve (27) tightly fixes it, beginning honing processing, another station that adds on the double rotary table in man-hour (24) can load and unload cylinder sleeve (27) simultaneously.
CN2009202459717U 2009-12-17 2009-12-17 Numerical control vertical type cylinder sleeve honing mill Expired - Lifetime CN201604070U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202459717U CN201604070U (en) 2009-12-17 2009-12-17 Numerical control vertical type cylinder sleeve honing mill

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102189482A (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-21 宁夏银川大河数控机床有限公司 Reciprocating follow-up control device of main shaft of honing machine
CN103302583A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 郑州大地机械制造有限公司 Double-angle reticulate pattern honing device
CN103639894A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-03-19 四川富临集团成都机床有限责任公司 Double feeding system of numerical control honing machine
CN103737477A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 四川富临集团成都机床有限责任公司 Method and device for measuring and automatically repairing cylindricity error for numerical control honing machine
CN103921203A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-16 哈尔滨汽轮机厂有限责任公司 Honing method of inner hole of regulating valve of main steam valve of steam turbine
CN104128873A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-11-05 沈阳圣凯龙机械有限公司 Coupling manufacturing method for cylinder without piston ring and piston of two-stroke engine
CN105039962A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 湖北工业大学 Silicon carbide impregnation surface treatment device for diesel cylinder sleeve and treatment process using silicon carbide impregnation surface treatment device
CN107471069A (en) * 2017-08-06 2017-12-15 乔斌 A kind of endoporus burnishing device of cylindrical work

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102189482A (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-21 宁夏银川大河数控机床有限公司 Reciprocating follow-up control device of main shaft of honing machine
CN102189482B (en) * 2011-03-23 2013-06-12 宁夏银川大河数控机床有限公司 Reciprocating follow-up control device of main shaft of honing machine
US9482243B2 (en) 2011-03-23 2016-11-01 Ningxia Yinchuan Dahe Cnc Machine Co., Ltd. Reciprocating servo control device for mainshaft of honing machine
CN103302583A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 郑州大地机械制造有限公司 Double-angle reticulate pattern honing device
CN103639894A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-03-19 四川富临集团成都机床有限责任公司 Double feeding system of numerical control honing machine
CN103737477A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 四川富临集团成都机床有限责任公司 Method and device for measuring and automatically repairing cylindricity error for numerical control honing machine
CN103921203A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-16 哈尔滨汽轮机厂有限责任公司 Honing method of inner hole of regulating valve of main steam valve of steam turbine
CN104128873A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-11-05 沈阳圣凯龙机械有限公司 Coupling manufacturing method for cylinder without piston ring and piston of two-stroke engine
CN105039962A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 湖北工业大学 Silicon carbide impregnation surface treatment device for diesel cylinder sleeve and treatment process using silicon carbide impregnation surface treatment device
CN105039962B (en) * 2015-08-28 2017-11-03 湖北工业大学 A kind of cylinder jacket of diesel engine squeezes carburized silicon face processing unit and the technique handled with it
CN107471069A (en) * 2017-08-06 2017-12-15 乔斌 A kind of endoporus burnishing device of cylindrical work

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Granted publication date: 20101013