CN201602111U - Multi-station pneumatic impact type walnut shell breaker - Google Patents

Multi-station pneumatic impact type walnut shell breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201602111U
CN201602111U CN2010201077830U CN201020107783U CN201602111U CN 201602111 U CN201602111 U CN 201602111U CN 2010201077830 U CN2010201077830 U CN 2010201077830U CN 201020107783 U CN201020107783 U CN 201020107783U CN 201602111 U CN201602111 U CN 201602111U
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China
Prior art keywords
walnut
clamping
conveying
beating unit
multistation
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010201077830U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史建新
石鑫
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-station pneumatic impact type walnut shell breaker belonging to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and comprising a rack, a main shaft, a walnut clamping device, a beating device, a material box, a poking wheel, a material discharging device, a speed reducer, a conveying device and the like, wherein an air inlet pipe of the beating device, an air inlet pipe of the clamping device, a beating cylinder pressure stabilizing tank and a clamping cylinder pressure stabilizing tank form a pneumatic system of the walnut shell breaking device; a control valve of the beating device, a control valve of the clamping device, a sensor and a controller form a control system of the walnut shell breaking device; a driving chain of a guide roller, a driving chain wheel of the conveying device, a hair brush, a protecting plate, and a walnut pressing plate and the like form a conveying system of the walnut shell breaking device; and the walnut clamping device and the beating device rotate along with the main shaft under the driving of a driving chain wheel of the main shaft so as to form a multi-station pneumatic walnut shell breaking device. The device moves synchronously with the walnut conveying device, thus realizing continuous operation of conveying, positioning, feeding, clamping, shell breaking and discharging of the walnut.

Description

The pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of shell-breaking machine of walnut, especially relates to a kind of pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation that is applied to walnut, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Technical background
The walnut industry of China still is in the junior stage, and the deep processing of walnut, the exploitation of walnut product also are nowhere near.So far, the domestic walnut shell-breaking that is fit to market demands of also not developing is got benevolence equipment, and the shell-cracking kernel-taking of walnut is mostly by manually finishing.The artificial walnut, labour intensity height, percentage of damage height, waste are greatly, sanitary condition is poor, crudy is poor, does not reach the sanitary standard of outlet.In addition, the kernel breakage in the artificial walnut shell-breaking process is big, has reduced the market price of walnut.The mechanization walnut shell-breaking is got benevolence, and the walnut raw material is appreciated, also recyclable walnut shell, and the walnut shell waste of having avoided the retail walnut in shell to cause, the processing walnut shell can appreciate again.The researcher has done many effort, and a more efficient methods makes the shell-breaking rate of walnut higher, the percentage of damage of walnut kernel is lower, the walnut shell and meat separation rate is higher in order to seek, but present walnut shell-breaking is got the benevolence principle and method also is difficult to make the walnut process equipment to be realized this goal, this motivation also of the present utility model just place.
Through the Searches of Patent Literature, existing shell-breaking machine of walnut, as Chinese patent: 85202943,87215585 adopt the scratch diskette of the certain angle of a pair of maintenances to push broken shell; 90225457.X adopt the interior mill and outer mill that have teeth groove, mill running in driven by motor is with the wearing and tearing shell; 200520007782.8 adopt a kind of crawler type hulling machine with the broken walnut shell of fashion of extrusion.Existing mechanical type shell-breaking machine of walnut or the broken shell of employing wearing and tearing shell, or adopt the extruding broken shell.
Because China's walnut kind is numerous and diverse, size difference is bigger, out-of-shape, and shell benevolence gap is little, and the thickness of walnut shell, intensity also have than big-difference, and the profile of walnut mostly is non-spheroid, and walnut adopts extruding broken shell mode effect undesirable.In general, walnut shell breaks (crack closure) required extrusion deformation degree fully often greater than shell, benevolence gap, so it is more to adopt fashion of extrusion to carry out the broken benevolence that walnut shell-breaking produced, disposable shell-breaking rate is also lower.
Recently Chinese patent has: the walnut novel pneumatic formula rejuvenator (patent No.: 20072012696968.4), this prow need position then walnut earlier could broken shell, if the walnut in the locating slot is in free state, impacting walnut with free-moving pneumatic hammer is to be difficult to realize walnut shell-breaking.In addition, this machine is relatively poor to the adaptability of different cultivars walnut, because be used for size that the free-moving little pneumatic hammer of broken shell can't change impulsive force at any time to adapt to the walnut shell-breaking of different size thick with different shells (the different broken shell dynamics of needs), this machine price is also higher.Novel shell-breaking machine of walnut (the patent No.: drive guide roller when 200720127082.1) adopting the mass transport disk to rotate and on the guiding frictional disk, roll, thereby the walnut between two guide roller is constantly adjusted attitude and is realized the walnut guiding under the driving of guide roller, shell-breaking machine of walnut impacts walnut at specific direction and carries out broken shell, but this device is single station broken shell, and production efficiency is not high.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art part, the utility model provides a kind of shell-breaking efficiency height, easy to operate, can realize walnut is carried out the device of mechanization broken shell.
The utility model is for reaching above purpose, be to realize: a kind of pneumatic impact type walnut shell-breaking device is provided by following technical scheme, especially at the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, the beating unit air inlet pipe, the main shaft drives sprocket wheel, the conveying device drive sprocket, main shaft, the beating unit control valve, beating unit, the conveying device driving shaft, conveying device, bearing, walnut holding device, the clamping device control valve, controller, sensor, the clamping device air inlet pipe, drawing mechanism, the gripper cylinder vacuum tank, the guide roller drive chain, backplate, thumb wheel, hopper, impact the cylinder vacuum tank, motor, drive sprocket, decelerator, hairbrush, the walnut pressing plate; Conveying device is made up of conveying device driving shaft, guide roller drive chain, backplate, thumb wheel, hopper, hairbrush, walnut pressing plate; Beating unit by impact the cylinder pivot flange, impact cylinder, impact the head and the anvil mould form; Beating unit air inlet pipe, beating unit control valve and beating unit are formed walnut and are impacted system; Walnut holding device is made up of clamping cylinder pivot flange, clamping cylinder, clamping head; Clamping device air inlet pipe, clamping device control valve and walnut holding device are formed the walnut grasping system; Walnut holding device and beating unit are respectively uniform on the circumference of main shaft, and each is arranged on the same axis walnut holding device and beating unit; The circle at walnut holding device and beating unit place is positioned at the conveying device top, and constitutes multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device; Conveying device is driven by sprocket wheel, axle by motor, decelerator; Walnut holding device, beating unit are driven axle by the main shaft drives sprocket wheel and are rotated together by motor, decelerator.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model position multistation: walnut holding device and beating unit are being evenly equipped with 8~32 groups respectively on the circumference of main shaft.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: the speed of guide roller drive chain and the peripheral velocity of multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device are synchronous.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: main shaft drives sprocket wheel and conveying device drive sprocket switched in opposite.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: the voltage stabilizing air communication in the gripper cylinder vacuum tank is crossed the clamping device air inlet pipe and is sent in the clamping device control valve.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: impact voltage stabilizing air communication in the cylinder vacuum tank and cross the beating unit air inlet pipe and send in the beating unit control valve.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: the actuating signal of clamping device is provided by controller, sensor and clamping device control valve.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: the actuating signal of beating unit is provided by controller, sensor and beating unit control valve.
A kind of design as the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation: the guide roller drive chain in the hopper and the inclination angle of horizontal direction are 10~40 degree.
The pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation, except power section that common mechanical possessed, running part, core of the present invention is: walnut holding device, beating unit constitute a multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device along with main shaft together rotates under the main shaft drives chain wheel driving, this device and walnut conveying device are synchronized with the movement, thereby working continuously of clamping, broken shell and discharging carried, locatees, fed to the realization walnut.The pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation has changed many drawbacks that broken shell mode is in the past brought, as: shell-breaking rate is not high, and kernel breaking rate height, efficient are low etc., have realized the mechanization of walnut shell-breaking.The pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation, high efficiency, easy to operate, save manpower and time, improved sanitary condition, eliminated pollution to kernel, guarantee the shell-breaking rate of walnut and the serviceability rate of kernel.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of the utility model multistation.
1. beating unit air inlet pipe among the figure, 2. main shaft drives sprocket wheel, 3. conveying device drive sprocket, 4. main shaft, 5. frame, 6. beating unit control valve, 7. beating unit, 8. conveying device driving shaft, 9. conveying device, 10. bearing, 11. walnut holding devices, 12. clamping device control valves, 13. controller, 14. sensors, 15. clamping device air inlet pipe, 16. drawing mechanism, 17. walnuts, 18. gripper cylinder vacuum tanks, 19. the guide roller drive chain, 20. backplates, 21. thumb wheels, 22. hopper, 23. impact the cylinder vacuum tank, 24. motors, 25. drive sprocket, 26. decelerators, 27. hairbrush, 28. the walnut pressing plate, 29. impact the cylinder pivot flange, and 30. impact cylinder, 31. impact head, 32. anvil moulds, 33. walnuts, 34. clamping head, 35. clamping cylinders, 36. clamping cylinder pivot flanges.
The specific embodiment
With reference to above-mentioned accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of utility model is elaborated.As Fig. 1, the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation shown in Figure 2 comprises frame 5, beating unit air inlet pipe 1, main shaft drives sprocket wheel 2, conveying device drive sprocket 3, main shaft 4, beating unit control valve 6, beating unit 7, conveying device driving shaft 8, conveying device 9, bearing 10, walnut holding device 11, clamping device control valve 12, controller 13, sensor 14, clamping device air inlet pipe 15, drawing mechanism 16, gripper cylinder vacuum tank 18, guide roller drive chain 19, backplate 20, thumb wheel 21, hopper 22, impact cylinder vacuum tank 23, motor 24, drive sprocket 25, decelerator 26, hairbrush 27, walnut pressing plate 28.Conveying device 9 is made up of conveying device driving shaft 8, guide roller drive chain 19, backplate 20, thumb wheel 21, hopper 22, hairbrush 27, walnut pressing plate 28.
Fig. 3 has provided the structural representation of the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation, beating unit 7 by impact cylinder pivot flange 29, impact cylinder 30, impact 31 and anvil mould 32 form, walnut holding device 11 is made up of clamping head 34, clamping cylinder 35, clamping cylinder pivot flange 36.
The pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, beating unit air inlet pipe 1, beating unit control valve 6 and beating unit 7 are formed walnut and are impacted system.Clamping device air inlet pipe 15, clamping device control valve 12 and walnut holding device 11 are formed the walnut grasping system.Controller 13, sensor 14, clamping device control valve 12, beating unit control valve 6 forming control systems.Walnut holding device and beating unit are respectively uniform on the circumference of main shaft 4, and each is arranged on the same axis beating unit 7 and walnut holding device 11.The circle at walnut holding device and beating unit place is positioned at conveying device 9 tops, and constitutes multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device.Conveying device is driven by conveying device drive sprocket 3, conveying device driving shaft 8 by motor 24, decelerator 26.Walnut holding device 11, beating unit 7 are driven axle 4 by main shaft drives sprocket wheel 2 and are rotated together by motor 24, decelerator 26.
The pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, walnut holding device 11 and beating unit 7 are being evenly equipped with 8~32 groups respectively on the circumference of main shaft 4.The speed of guide roller drive chain 19 and the peripheral velocity of multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device are synchronous.Main shaft drives sprocket wheel 2 and conveying device drive sprocket 3 switched in opposite.Voltage stabilizing air communication in the gripper cylinder vacuum tank 18 is crossed clamping device air inlet pipe 15 and is sent in the clamping device control valve 12.Impacting voltage stabilizing air communication in the cylinder vacuum tank 23 crosses beating unit air inlet pipe 1 and sends in the beating unit control valve 6.Beating unit air inlet pipe 1, clamping device air inlet pipe 15, impact the pneumatic system that cylinder vacuum tank 23, gripper cylinder vacuum tank 18 formed walnut shell-breaking devices.The actuating signal of clamping device is provided by controller 13, sensor 14 and clamping device control valve 12.The actuating signal of beating unit is provided by controller 13, sensor 14 and beating unit control valve 6.Guide roller drive chain 19, conveying device drive sprocket 3, backplate 20, hairbrush 27 and walnut pressing plate 28 etc. are formed the induction system of walnut shell-breaking device.
Hopper, walnut holding device, beating unit, pneumatic system, control system and induction system are formed the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation.
The course of work of the present utility model and principle are as follows:
Walnut in the hopper 22 transfers out hopper by device for transporting objects, when guide roller drive chain 19 is passed through decelerator 26, when conveying device drive sprocket 3 drives and moves, taken walnut out of hopper 22 by conveying device 9 by motor 24.Because the guide roller drive chain 19 in the hopper 22 has certain inclination angle (being 10~40 degree), so when guide roller drive chain 19 moved upward, the walnut in the hopper 22 was taken out of one by one.For prevent that walnut from beating in course of conveying, horizontal segment guide roller drive chain 19 tops are separately installed with hairbrush 27 and walnut pressing plate 28.For prevent that walnut from deflecting away from course of conveying, the both sides of horizontal segment guide roller drive chain 19 are separately installed with backplate 20.For preventing the walnut bridging in the hopper 22, thumb wheel 21 is installed in the hopper 22, carry smooth to guarantee walnut.
As Fig. 1, shown in 2, walnut holding device 11, beating unit 7 under the driving of main shaft drives sprocket wheel 2 along with main shaft 4 together rotates, walnut holding device 11 because of the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of designed multistation, beating unit 7 is distributed on the same circumference, and linear velocity is identical with the speed of conveying device 9, when conveying device 9 is transported to the clamping device station with walnut, the sensor of clamping device provides the holding action signal, because of each is arranged on the same axis beating unit 7 and walnut holding device 11, controller control walnut holding device 11 is finished the clamping to walnut, walnut holding device 11 does not return, when clamping device impacts station along with main shaft 4 rotations 140~200 degree backs arrive, the sensor of beating unit provides the stroke signal, the cylinder that impacts of beating unit 7 drives and to impact 31 and impact anvil mould 32, the anvil mould impacts the walnut between clamping head 34 and the anvil mould again, and walnut shell is broken.Impact finish after a walnut clamping head 34 and impact 31 and all return, wait for and once more walnut implemented clamping after walnut arrives the clamping station and impacts station next time and impact that so move in circles, the walnut that quilt impacts after the broken shell is sent into receiving hopper by drawing mechanism 16.
At last, it is also to be noted that what more than enumerate only is a specific embodiment of the present utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited only to above embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged, and protection domain of the present utility model is all thought in all distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation is characterized in that: comprise frame (5), beating unit air inlet pipe (1), main shaft drives sprocket wheel (2), conveying device drive sprocket (3), main shaft (4), beating unit control valve (6), beating unit (7), conveying device driving shaft (8), conveying device (9), bearing (10), walnut holding device (11), clamping device control valve (12), controller (13), sensor (14), clamping device air inlet pipe (15), drawing mechanism (16), gripper cylinder vacuum tank (18), guide roller drive chain (19), backplate (20), thumb wheel (21), hopper (22), impact cylinder vacuum tank (23), motor (24), drive sprocket (25), decelerator (26), hairbrush (27), walnut pressing plate (28); Described conveying device (9) is made up of conveying device driving shaft (8), guide roller drive chain (19), backplate (20), thumb wheel (21), hopper (22), hairbrush (27), walnut pressing plate (28); Described beating unit (7) is by impacting cylinder pivot flange (29), impact cylinder (30), impacting head (31) and anvil mould (32) and form; Described beating unit air inlet pipe (1), beating unit control valve (6) and beating unit (7) are formed walnut and are impacted system; Described walnut holding device (11) is made up of clamping head (34), clamping cylinder (35), clamping cylinder pivot flange (36); Described clamping device air inlet pipe (15), clamping device control valve (12) and walnut holding device (11) are formed the walnut grasping system; Described walnut holding device (11) and beating unit (7) are respectively uniform on the circumference of main shaft (4), each is arranged on the same axis walnut holding device (11) and beating unit (7), the circle at walnut holding device (11) and beating unit (7) place is positioned at the top of conveying device (9), and constitutes multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device; Described conveying device (9) is driven by conveying device drive sprocket (3), conveying device driving shaft (8) by motor (24), decelerator (26); Described walnut holding device (11), beating unit (7) are driven axle (4) by main shaft drives sprocket wheel (2) and are rotated together by motor (24), decelerator (26).
2. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described walnut holding device (11) and beating unit (7) are being evenly equipped with 8~32 groups respectively on the circumference of main shaft (4).
3. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the speed of described guide roller drive chain (19) and the peripheral velocity of multistation pneumatic type walnut shell-breaking device are synchronous.
4. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described main shaft drives sprocket wheel (2) and conveying device drive sprocket (3) switched in opposite.
5. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the voltage stabilizing air communication in the described gripper cylinder vacuum tank (18) is crossed clamping device air inlet pipe (15) and is sent in the clamping device control valve (12).
6. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the described voltage stabilizing air communication that impacts in the cylinder vacuum tank (23) is crossed beating unit air inlet pipe (1) and is sent in the beating unit control valve (6).
7. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the actuating signal of described walnut holding device (11) is provided by controller (13), sensor (14) and clamping device control valve (12).
8. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the actuating signal of described beating unit (7) is provided by controller (13), sensor (14) and beating unit control valve (6).
9. the pneumatic impact type shell-breaking machine of walnut of multistation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the guide roller drive chain (19) in the described hopper (22) is 10~40 degree with the inclination angle of horizontal direction.
CN2010201077830U 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Multi-station pneumatic impact type walnut shell breaker Expired - Fee Related CN201602111U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2010201077830U CN201602111U (en) 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Multi-station pneumatic impact type walnut shell breaker

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201077830U CN201602111U (en) 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Multi-station pneumatic impact type walnut shell breaker

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103284281A (en) * 2013-06-03 2013-09-11 安徽农业大学 Air-blowing-type walnut cracking guide device
CN104256856A (en) * 2014-07-25 2015-01-07 汾阳市诚一发展有限公司 Walnut shell breaking device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103284281A (en) * 2013-06-03 2013-09-11 安徽农业大学 Air-blowing-type walnut cracking guide device
CN103284281B (en) * 2013-06-03 2015-12-09 安徽农业大学 A kind of air-sweeping type walnut shell-breaking guider
CN104256856A (en) * 2014-07-25 2015-01-07 汾阳市诚一发展有限公司 Walnut shell breaking device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101013

Termination date: 20130204

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