CN201593180U - Cleaning device of floaters in navigation channel - Google Patents

Cleaning device of floaters in navigation channel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201593180U
CN201593180U CN2009203528042U CN200920352804U CN201593180U CN 201593180 U CN201593180 U CN 201593180U CN 2009203528042 U CN2009203528042 U CN 2009203528042U CN 200920352804 U CN200920352804 U CN 200920352804U CN 201593180 U CN201593180 U CN 201593180U
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China
Prior art keywords
unit
navigation channel
deck
carrier chain
frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009203528042U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王达威
郇超
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王达威
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Priority to CN2009203528042U priority Critical patent/CN201593180U/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a cleaning device of floaters in a navigation channel, which pertains to a navigation channel cleaning machine and is characterized in that the cleaning device comprises a rack, a collecting unit, a conveying and primary filtering unit and a dewatering unit, all the units are controlled by an operation unit for continuous work, and a power unit is used for supplying power, wherein the rack is slantingly arranged on a prow and fixedly connected with the prow; the lower end of the rack in front of and below the prow is hinged with the collecting unit; the collecting unit comprises a collecting net and a horizontal cutter; the conveying and primary filtering unit comprises a conveying chain row with adjustable slanting angle, a deck translation chain net and a deck drain tank; and the dewatering unit comprises a centrifugal tank, a drain pipe and a discharge hole. The cleaning device can improve the salvage efficiency, reduce the salvage outgoing voyage frequency, the labor intensity and the operation cost, and avoid secondary pollution of salved objects.

Description

Navigation channel floater cleaning device
[technical field]
The utility model relates to a kind of navigation channel prune job machinery, particularly a kind of device that is applicable to cleaning navigation channel floating thing.
[background technology]
Floating thing in the scope of navigation channel mainly contains two kinds, and a kind of is household garbage, generally assembles polluted river channel in the scope waters in flood season, influence harbour environment, another kind then is that water plant pollutes, and blocks the fairway, What is more, causes stern propeller to be twined, and ship is impassable.In recent years, along with Chinese economic development, the materials such as organophosphor that enter water body increase sharply, body eutrophication, and the incident that causes water plant to influence the navigation channel operation takes place repeatedly.For example the Enteromorpha of Huanghai Sea marine site outburst in 2008 pollutes, and distribution area reached 2.4 ten thousand square kilometres when the coastal waters, Qingdao was the highest, had seriously influenced the coastal waters shipping work.
At present, the equipment that is used for removing floating thing waterborne both at home and abroad is broadly divided into three classes: push away and float, drag for and float and complex.In for example above-mentioned Qingdao Enteromorpha outburst incident, requisition altogether surplus the fishing boat 1590, formed the salvage troop that a fisherman enters a war surplus in the of 8000, human and material resources drop in a large number.But because fresh Enteromorpha water content is up to 87.37%, cause traditional trawlnet formula pick-up boat frequency height that makes a return voyage, the real work energy consumption is big.And aquatic plant salvaging disembarkation back is because of the water content height, is prone to rottenly, causes secondary pollution.In addition, trawlnet formula pick-up boat only is suitable for swim water plant or floating refuse, as perennial perennial root herbaceous plant such as water hyacinth, water peanuts, and the blade growth of bubbling through the water column, but the stem network is implicative of each other under water, and trawlnet formula pick-up boat can't be cleared up, salvage.
[summary of the invention]
Technical assignment of the present utility model is at above the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of navigation channel floater cleaning device is provided, can clear up the navigation channel floating refuse, the marine alga that swims, hydrophyta radicanta, and will salvage thing and carry out processed, reduce its weight and volume, improve to salvage efficient, reduce the fishing order of classes or grades at school that sails, reduce labour intensity, reduce operating cost.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: a kind of navigation channel floater cleaning device, it is characterized in that, comprise that frame 1, collector unit, transmission just filter unit, dewatering unit, being worked continuously by operating unit control in described above each unit, provides power by power unit.Wherein: described frame 1 tilting fore, affixed with fore, low side toward the front lower place of fore with is connected collector unit and twists connection; Described collector unit comprises attacks blanket net 2 and horizontal cutter 3, and the described blanket net 2 of attacking is arranged on the hull front end, is lower than the fore level, and its rear end strand is connected in described frame 1 front end, drags for to catch to promote mouthful and transmit just the carrier chain of filter unit and arrange 4 and be connected; Described horizontal cutter 3 is arranged on the hull front end, is lower than the fore level, and its rear end strand is connected described frame 1 front end, the cutter plane with attack blanket net 2 lower edges and maintain an equal level; Described transmission is just filtered the unit and is comprised carrier chain row 4, deck translation link network 5, the deck drain tank 6 that can regulate the angle of inclination, carrier chain row 4 places on described frame 1 inclined-plane, the inboard, two ends is being wrapped up in conveyer belt principal and subordinate wheel respectively up and down, deck translation link network 5 is positioned at carrier chain and arranges 4 belows, and deck drain tank 6 is positioned at described carrier chain row 4 and deck translation link network 5 belows; Described dewatering unit comprises tophan box 7, gutter 8 and discharging opening 9, and tophan box 7 is positioned at described deck translation link network 5 terminal belows, and gutter 8 communicates with described deck drain tank 6;
Above-mentioned frame 1 operation adjustable angle.
Above-mentioned blanket net 2 both arms of attacking are overlooked and are V-arrangement or spill, and both arms front end spacing can be regulated.
Above-mentioned horizontal cutter 3 is made up of cutting tool, cutting blade group and ledger-plate, ledger-plate and cutting tool are affixed, have the moving knife chute on ledger-plate, the cutting blade group is formed by draw runner and the riveted joint of one or more groups sawtooth pattern cutting blade, and draw runner can drive blade and move back and forth in chute.
It is the grid type link network that above-mentioned carrier chain is arranged 4 plane structures
Above-mentioned carrier chain is arranged 4 surfaces and is had every trade pectination nail at interval.
Above-mentioned gutter 8 is two.
Above-mentioned power unit is a hydraulic power system.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following outstanding beneficial effect:
1, improves the traffic condition in navigation channel, guarantee the boats and ships cruising;
2, realize the purposes of working continuously such as cutting, collection, Separation of Solid and Liquid, integrate functions such as salvaging, collection, movement, dehydration;
3, by floating thing is dewatered, weight reduction and volume have increased single number indicating a ship's order of departure and have salvaged efficient, have reduced cost, have saved manpower, meet energy-saving and emission-reduction;
4, widely applicable, can be used for river course, harbour, navigation channel, coastal waters floater cleaning
5, prevent to salvage thing placement back effectively and rot, avoided secondary pollution.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the utility model example structure schematic diagram.
[specific embodiment]
Below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is further specified.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model embodiment comprises that frame 1, collector unit, transmission just filter unit, dewatering unit, and being worked continuously by operating unit control in described above each unit, provides power by power unit.
Described frame 1 adopts the high strength type steel, is inclined in fore, and is affixed with fore, low side toward the front lower place of fore with is connected collector unit and twists connection; Frame 1 operation adjustable angle.When ship moved, frame 1 soared, and leaves the water surface together with collector unit, reduced ship resistance, during operation, and frame 1 low the spy, collector unit stretches under water, guarantees collection efficiency.
Described collector unit comprises attacks blanket net 2 and horizontal cutter 3.
The described blanket net 2 of attacking is arranged on the hull front end, is lower than the fore level, and its rear end strand is connected in described frame 1 front end, drags for to catch to promote mouthful and transmit just the carrier chain of filter unit and arrange 4 and be connected; Attack blanket net 2 both arms and overlook and be V-arrangement or spill, both arms front end spacing can be regulated, and launches during the cleaning drift, can draw in during navigation.
Described horizontal cutter 3 is arranged on the hull front end, is lower than the fore level, and its rear end strand is connected described frame 1 front end, the cutter plane with attack blanket net 2 lower edges and maintain an equal level; Horizontal cutter 3 is made up of cutting tool, cutting blade group and ledger-plate, ledger-plate and cutting tool are affixed, on ledger-plate, have the moving knife chute, the cutting blade group is formed by draw runner and the riveted joint of one or more groups sawtooth pattern cutting blade, and draw runner can drive blade and move back and forth in chute.The draw runner set of blades is pushed down by cover plate, adjusts between cover plate and the blade and leaves suitable gap, and blade is not upwarped in moving back and forth.Cutting blade is by the high-grade alloy steel manufacturing, and blade has zigzag cutting edge of a knife or a sword mouth, can hook cut material and cut-outs such as pasture and water, and overlay coating can be effectively antirust.The coating wearing and tearing also do not hinder hardness and cutting.Ledger-plate is by the high-strength cast iron manufacturing, and chute and cutter groove can guarantee that cutting blade moves foreign material such as cutting pasture and water.
Described transmission is just filtered the unit and is comprised carrier chain row 4, deck translation link network 5, the deck drain tank 6 that can regulate the angle of inclination.
Described carrier chain row 4 places on described frame 1 inclined-plane, and the inboard, two ends is being wrapped up in conveyer belt principal and subordinate wheel respectively up and down, but the continuous rolling transmission; It is the grid type link network that carrier chain is arranged 4 plane structures, and the frictional force between the drift of link network and salvaging can make the salvaging thing promote effectively and pile slightly and press natural filtering surface moisture; Carrier chain is arranged 4 surfaces can have every trade pectination nail at interval, and its purpose is for strengthening frictional force.
Described deck translation link network 5 is positioned at carrier chain and arranges 4 belows, salvages thing and rises along carrier chain row 4, drops down onto fore deck translation link network 5 automatically.
Described deck drain tank 6 is positioned at described carrier chain row 4 and deck translation link network 5 belows, because translation link network in deck is a net structure, salvages in the deck drain tank of thing surface moisture inflow below;
Described dewatering unit comprises tophan box 7, gutter 8 and discharging opening 9.
Described tophan box 7 is positioned at described deck translation link network 5 terminal belows, salvaging thing carries along deck translation link network 5, automatically drop down onto in the tophan box 7, it is quality associated trigger formula that tophan box 7 starts, when salvaging amount above high threshold in the tophan box 7, centrifugally begin automatically, deck translation link network 5 suspends transmission, centrifugal back Separation of Solid and Liquid, liquid imports deck drain tank 6, and enters the waters from the hull both sides respectively by two gutters 8, solid-state salvaging thing is expelled to discharge zone via discharging opening 9, discharge zone can be according to the type selecting of the target drift multiple machinery of arranging in pairs or groups, as automatic packing machine, bundling machine etc. is carried in compression, tired no longer one by one stating.When quality was lower than lowest threshold in the tophan box 7, deck translation link network 5 transmits to be opened.
Described power unit is formed by hydraulic power system, and present embodiment is that Diesel engine drives oil pump work, power is provided for whole hydraulic system.

Claims (8)

1. a navigation channel floater cleaning device is characterized in that, comprises that frame (1), collector unit, transmission just filter unit, dewatering unit, and being worked continuously by operating unit control in described above each unit, provides power by power unit, wherein:
The tilting fore of described frame (1), affixed with fore, low side toward the front lower place of fore with is connected collector unit and twists connection;
Described collector unit comprises attacks blanket net (2) and horizontal cutter (3), and the described blanket net (2) of attacking is arranged on the hull front end, is lower than the fore level, and its rear end strand is connected in described frame (1) front end, drags for to catch to promote mouthful and transmit just the carrier chain of filter unit and arrange (4) and be connected; Described horizontal cutter (3) is arranged on the hull front end, is lower than the fore level, and its rear end strand is connected described frame (1) front end, the cutter plane with attack blanket net (2) lower edge and maintain an equal level;
Described transmission is just filtered the unit and is comprised carrier chain row (4), deck translation link network (5), the deck drain tank (6) that can regulate the angle of inclination, carrier chain row (4) places on described frame (1) inclined-plane, the inboard, two ends is being wrapped up in conveyer belt principal and subordinate wheel respectively up and down, deck translation link network (5) is positioned at carrier chain row (4) below, and deck drain tank (6) is positioned at described carrier chain row (4) and deck translation link network (5) below;
Described dewatering unit comprises tophan box (7), gutter (8) and discharging opening (9), and tophan box (7) is positioned at the terminal below of described deck translation link network (5), and gutter (8) communicates with described deck drain tank (6);
2. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device is characterized in that described frame (1) operation adjustable angle.
3. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device is characterized in that described blanket net (2) both arms of attacking overlook and be V-arrangement or spill, and both arms front end spacing can be regulated.
4. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device, it is characterized in that described horizontal cutter (3) is made up of cutting tool, cutting blade group and ledger-plate, ledger-plate and cutting tool are affixed, on ledger-plate, have the moving knife chute, the cutting blade group is formed by draw runner and the riveted joint of one or more groups sawtooth pattern cutting blade, and draw runner can drive blade and move back and forth in chute.
5. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device is characterized in that described carrier chain row (4) plane structure is the grid type link network
6. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device is characterized in that described carrier chain row (4) surface has every trade pectination nail at interval.
7. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device is characterized in that described gutter (8) is two.
8. navigation channel according to claim 1 floater cleaning device is characterized in that described power unit is a hydraulic power system.
CN2009203528042U 2009-12-23 2009-12-23 Cleaning device of floaters in navigation channel Expired - Fee Related CN201593180U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009203528042U CN201593180U (en) 2009-12-23 2009-12-23 Cleaning device of floaters in navigation channel

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009203528042U CN201593180U (en) 2009-12-23 2009-12-23 Cleaning device of floaters in navigation channel

Publications (1)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103276708A (en) * 2013-06-16 2013-09-04 张朝峰 Aquatic plant harvesting and fishing device and manufacturing method thereof
CN103452085A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-18 洛阳理工学院 Water grass and water surface garbage removing machine
CN103806421A (en) * 2012-11-11 2014-05-21 赵彦杰 Boat for cleaning riverway
CN103993590A (en) * 2014-02-18 2014-08-20 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Overwater garbage collection device
CN104088265A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-08 彭新招 Unpowered sewage disposal device used for hydropower station
CN104369845A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-02-25 吴睿 Blue-green alga, waterweed and bottom mud integrated collecting ship
CN104452714A (en) * 2013-06-16 2015-03-25 张朝峰 Shearing aquatic plant harvest and fishing equipment
CN104499470A (en) * 2013-06-16 2015-04-08 张朝峰 Manufacturing method for shearing type aquatic plant reaping and fishing equipment
CN105501815A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-04-20 苏州飞驰环保科技股份有限公司 Conveying device suitable for collecting floating objects and water plants and front cabin collecting system
CN105696535A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-22 济南大学 On-board device for continuously salvaging, extruding and dewatering enteromorpha prolifera
CN105730970A (en) * 2015-01-08 2016-07-06 衢州市易凡设计有限公司 Oblique type fluid removal buffering conveyor
CN106223299A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-14 佛山市翠微自动化科技有限公司 Frame is salvaged in a kind of river channel floating thing classification
CN107804436A (en) * 2015-11-08 2018-03-16 余晓娜 River garbage automatically clears up ship
CN108516059A (en) * 2018-04-07 2018-09-11 孙献光 A kind of vessel for collecting refuse from open water of separable duckweed
CN108914901A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-30 孙以梅 One kind clearing up fishing device based on lake surface floating algae
CN109440749A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-08 浙江景昌建设有限公司 A kind of reservoir floating object cleaning device
CN111824617A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-10-27 郭永军 Ocean current force stirring type underwater oil storage cabin

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103806421A (en) * 2012-11-11 2014-05-21 赵彦杰 Boat for cleaning riverway
CN104452714A (en) * 2013-06-16 2015-03-25 张朝峰 Shearing aquatic plant harvest and fishing equipment
CN103276708A (en) * 2013-06-16 2013-09-04 张朝峰 Aquatic plant harvesting and fishing device and manufacturing method thereof
CN104499470B (en) * 2013-06-16 2016-06-08 苏州汇诚智造工业设计有限公司 A kind of aquatic plant harvesting fishes for the manufacture method of equipment
CN104452713B (en) * 2013-06-16 2016-05-04 苏州汇诚智造工业设计有限公司 A kind of aquatic plant harvesting is fished for the manufacture method of equipment
CN104499470A (en) * 2013-06-16 2015-04-08 张朝峰 Manufacturing method for shearing type aquatic plant reaping and fishing equipment
CN104452713A (en) * 2013-06-16 2015-03-25 张朝峰 Method for manufacturing aquatic plant harvesting and salvaging equipment
CN104452714B (en) * 2013-06-16 2016-06-29 苏州多固工程设计有限公司 A kind of aquatic plant harvesting fishes for equipment
CN103452085A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-18 洛阳理工学院 Water grass and water surface garbage removing machine
CN103993590A (en) * 2014-02-18 2014-08-20 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Overwater garbage collection device
CN104088265B (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-01-13 彭新招 A kind of unpowered sewage disposal apparatus for power station
CN104088265A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-08 彭新招 Unpowered sewage disposal device used for hydropower station
CN104369845A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-02-25 吴睿 Blue-green alga, waterweed and bottom mud integrated collecting ship
CN105730970A (en) * 2015-01-08 2016-07-06 衢州市易凡设计有限公司 Oblique type fluid removal buffering conveyor
CN107804436A (en) * 2015-11-08 2018-03-16 余晓娜 River garbage automatically clears up ship
CN105501815B (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-10-03 苏州飞驰环保科技股份有限公司 The conveying device and front deck collection system collected suitable for floating object and pasture and water
CN105501815A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-04-20 苏州飞驰环保科技股份有限公司 Conveying device suitable for collecting floating objects and water plants and front cabin collecting system
CN105696535B (en) * 2016-03-24 2017-11-07 济南大学 A kind of device that extrusion dehydration Enteromorpha is continuously salvaged with ship
CN105696535A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-22 济南大学 On-board device for continuously salvaging, extruding and dewatering enteromorpha prolifera
CN106223299A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-14 佛山市翠微自动化科技有限公司 Frame is salvaged in a kind of river channel floating thing classification
CN108516059A (en) * 2018-04-07 2018-09-11 孙献光 A kind of vessel for collecting refuse from open water of separable duckweed
CN108914901A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-30 孙以梅 One kind clearing up fishing device based on lake surface floating algae
CN108914901B (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-06-09 浙江仙峰鞋业有限公司 Based on lake surface floats algae clearance fishing device
CN109440749A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-08 浙江景昌建设有限公司 A kind of reservoir floating object cleaning device
CN109440749B (en) * 2018-11-14 2021-02-05 浙江景昌建设有限公司 Reservoir floater cleaning device
CN111824617A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-10-27 郭永军 Ocean current force stirring type underwater oil storage cabin

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100929

Termination date: 20101223