CN201584921U - Solar ray dual-axis tracking device with electromagnetic safe brakes - Google Patents

Solar ray dual-axis tracking device with electromagnetic safe brakes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201584921U
CN201584921U CN2009202831663U CN200920283166U CN201584921U CN 201584921 U CN201584921 U CN 201584921U CN 2009202831663 U CN2009202831663 U CN 2009202831663U CN 200920283166 U CN200920283166 U CN 200920283166U CN 201584921 U CN201584921 U CN 201584921U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
rotary shaft
rotation axis
vertical rotation
horizontal rotating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009202831663U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张剑峰
张善文
史旺旺
陈思栋
秦永法
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yangzhou University
Original Assignee
Yangzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangzhou University filed Critical Yangzhou University
Priority to CN2009202831663U priority Critical patent/CN201584921U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201584921U publication Critical patent/CN201584921U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/45Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with two rotation axes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/19Movement dampening means; Braking means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A solar ray dual-axis tracking device with electromagnetic power lost brakes belongs to the technical field of solar utilization equipment and comprises two portions including a mechanical system and a detection and control system. The mechanical system is provided with a mount, a support, a horizontal rotary shaft, a vertical rotary shaft, a solar battery plate frame, a horizontal gear driving mechanism, the electromagnetic power lost brakes, a horizontal rotary shaft motor, a vertical rotary shaft motor, a worm gear speed reducer and a planet gear driving mechanism, wherein the horizontal rotary shaft is mounted on the support, the solar battery plate frame is connected to the horizontal rotary shaft, the horizontal rotary shaft motor is in driving connection with the horizontal rotary shaft, the vertical rotary shaft is mounted on a supporting tank body and connected with the support, the vertical rotary shaft motor is in driving connection with the vertical rotary shaft, and the horizontal rotary shaft and the vertical rotary shaft are respectively provided with the electromagnetic power lost brake. The solar ray dual-axis tracking device has reasonable, simple and compact structure, easy production and manufacturing, low cost, fine performance, fine passing ability and wide adaptability and locking functions.

Description

Sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of tracking means of solar azimuth, and particularly the structure of twin axle tracking means belongs to technical field of solar energy utilization equipment.
Background technology
Existing twin axle tracking means both can change solar azimuth be followed the tracks of, and also can change altitude of the sun and follow the tracks of, and double-axis tracking can maximal efficiency utilizes solar energy.Existing twin axle tracking means mainly is made up of mechanical system, the two large divisions of Detection ﹠ Controling system.Consider strong wind, weather conditions such as freezing, need to be provided with reliable brake apparatus in the tracking means, with the reliable braking of the cell panel position of realizing following the tracks of the gap.The braking of existing tracking means mainly uses motor and decelerator itself to realize that braking moment is little, and is influential to the useful life of motor.
The utility model content
The utility model purpose is exactly the deficiency that exists at existing twin axle tracking means, design a kind of locking function that has, compact conformation, trafficability characteristic is good, applicability is wide, wind loading rating is strong, the tracking energy consumption is low, the sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake that tracking accuracy is high.
The purpose of this utility model is to realize like this, sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake, comprise mechanical system, the two large divisions of Detection ﹠ Controling system, it is characterized in that mechanical system is provided with bearing, support, horizontal rotating shaft, vertical rotation axis, solar energy battery board frame, the horizontal gear transmission mechanism, the electromagnetism electricity loss brake, the horizontal rotating shaft motor, the vertical rotation axis motor, twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing and two-stage planet transmission mechanism, horizontal rotating shaft by Bearing Installation on support, solar energy battery board frame connects horizontal rotating shaft by flange, the horizontal rotating shaft motor drives with horizontal rotating shaft with the horizontal gear transmission mechanism by the twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing and is connected, vertical rotation axis by Bearing Installation with the joining supporting box of bearing on, vertical rotation axis top is connected by key with support, the vertical rotation axis motor drives with vertical rotation axis by the two-stage planet transmission mechanism and is connected, and the electromagnetism electricity loss brake that has locking effect is installed respectively on horizontal rotating shaft and the vertical rotation axis.
Described electromagnetism electricity loss brake is the electric lost electromagnetic brake.
Described horizontal gear transmission mechanism is provided with intermeshing large and small gear, and gear wheel is installed on the horizontal rotating shaft, and pinion is installed on the output shaft of twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing.
Described horizontal rotating shaft motor and vertical rotation axis motor are brshless DC motor.
The control system of described Detection ﹠ Controling system adopts the closed-loop control system based on the astronomy calculation of parameter, and detection system directly adopts solar battery sheet to do the sensor devices of sunray.
The utility model operation principle:
The Control work principle: the formula according to sun moving law in the astronomy calculates certain moment sun altitude and azimuthal theoretical value in one day, control system drives vertical rotation axis motor and horizontal rotating shaft motor respectively according to the theoretical value of calculating, and the vertical rotation axis motor is realized the tracking of solar azimuth by two planetary gear speed-reductions.The horizontal rotating shaft motor is realized the tracking of elevation angle through twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing and horizontal gear transmission mechanism decelerating effect.
The error compensation operation principle: solar battery sheet is directly as sensor devices, detection system is in the testing state, the photo-sensitive cell solar battery sheet is given birth to electricity by photovoltaic and is produced voltage difference, driver is sent the vertical missing compensating signal of sunray and solar panel, drive vertical rotation axis and horizontal rotating shaft motor respectively, two motor pass through transmission mechanism separately respectively, realize the rotation of vertical rotation axis and horizontal rotating shaft, thereby realize of the tracking of the pose of solar panel solar azimuth and elevation angle.
Braking principle: motor and decelerator itself have certain self-lock ability, carry under the situation that is not very big at wind and can bear a part of wind load.For the attitude that prevents solar panel between twice rotation of rotating shaft changes, cause tracking accuracy to descend, this tracking means all is equipped with the electric lost electromagnetic brake on vertical rotation axis and horizontal rotating shaft, must not when electricity when brake, the electromagnetism electricity loss brake is realized braking to the rotating shaft of tracking means.When the needs rotating shaft was rotated, it is electric that the electromagnetism electricity loss brake is got, and unclamps the rotating shaft of tracking means, drives two rotating shafts respectively by two motor, realizes the tracking of solar panel to solar azimuth and elevation angle.Adopt the electromagnetism electricity loss brake, make sunray double-axis tracking device between twice adjustment action, have braking function.
The utility model is rational in infrastructure, simple, compact, manufactures easily, and cost is low.Serviceability is good, has locking function, and trafficability characteristic is good, and applicability is wide.Adopt two motor to drive two rotating shafts respectively, vertical rotation axis adopts the two-stage planet transmission mechanism to slow down to increase and turns round, and the mode that horizontal transmission mechanism of horizontal rotating shaft employing and twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing combine realizes slowing down to increase turning round.Strengthened the braking effect of cell panel tracking rotating shaft, the reliability and the fail safe that have improved tracking means.Energy consumption 1W is set level, followed the tracks of to maximum wind resistance 150KM/H, whole gale automatically, tracking accuracy ± 1 degree, and the azimuth following range: 0~200 degree, the elevation angle following range: 0~90 degree, with fixedly photovoltaic systematic comparison, average of the whole year improves energy output about 30%.The utility model can be widely used in the big areas of intensity of sunshine such as the torrid zone, plateau, desert, also can be applicable to the rural area of short of electricity, also can be popularized for enterprises and institutions, average family.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1-solar energy battery board frame, 2-horizontal rotating shaft, 3-bearing pedestal, 4-bearing, the horizontal transmission mechanism of 5-, 6-twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing, 7-horizontal rotating shaft motor, 8-electromagnetism electricity loss brake, 9-support, 10-planetary gear mechanism, 11-planetary gear mechanism, 12-vertical rotation axis motor, 13-electromagnetism electricity loss brake, 14-vertical rotation axis, 15-control cubicle, 16-bearing, 17-bearing.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, pair of bearing 3 and pair of bearings 4 are installed on support 9, horizontal rotating shaft 2 is contained on the pair of bearings 4, and horizontal rotating shaft 2 connects with solar energy battery board frame 1 by flange.Gear wheel in horizontal rotating shaft electromagnetism electricity loss brake 8 and the horizontal transmission mechanism 5 is housed in the middle of the horizontal rotating shaft 2, and gear wheel is connected with horizontal rotating shaft by key.Pinion is housed below the gear wheel, and gear wheel and pinion are meshing with each other, and pinion links to each other by the output shaft of key with twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing 6, and the power shaft of twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing 6 links to each other with the output shaft of horizontal rotating shaft motor 7.The twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing has certain self-lock ability.
Be connected by key with vertical rotation axis 14 below the support 9, two taper roll bearings 17, two-stage planet transmission mechanism 10,11, vertical rotation axis electromagnetism electricity loss brake 13 are housed on the vertical rotation axis 14.Two taper roll bearings adorning on the vertical rotation axis, a big taper roll bearing plays location, support and rotating effect, and a conicle roller bearing plays location and supporting role.Be connected with key by shaft coupling between vertical rotation axis 14 and vertical rotation axis motor and the two-stage planet transmission mechanism.Bearing 17 on the vertical rotation axis 14 is contained in the supporting box that links with whole bearing 16, and control cubicle 15 is contained under the supporting box.The electromagnetism electricity loss brake is the electric lost electromagnetic brake, and the electric lost electromagnetic brake all is housed on horizontal rotating shaft and the vertical rotation axis, has locking effect.Horizontal rotating shaft motor and vertical rotation axis motor are brshless DC motor.Control system adopts the closed-loop control system based on the astronomy calculation of parameter, and detection system directly adopts solar battery sheet to do the sensor devices of sunray.
Solar energy battery board frame adopts straight-plate-type to arrange, when solar energy battery board frame during perpendicular to ground, its horizontal direction has the width of three solar panels, vertical direction has the length of two solar panels, the framework front end adopts the groove aluminium section bar to connect and forms, the rear end is that the truss structure aluminium-alloy pipe connects, and what intersect vertically with horizontal rotating shaft is aluminium alloy plate, symmetrical configuration.

Claims (5)

1. the sunray double-axis tracking device that has the electromagnetism electricity loss brake, comprise mechanical system, the two large divisions of Detection ﹠ Controling system, it is characterized in that mechanical system is provided with bearing, support, horizontal rotating shaft, vertical rotation axis, solar energy battery board frame, horizontal transmission mechanism, the electromagnetism electricity loss brake, the horizontal rotating shaft motor, the vertical rotation axis motor, twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing and two-stage planet transmission mechanism, horizontal rotating shaft passes through bearing, bearing pedestal is rack-mount, solar energy battery board frame connects horizontal rotating shaft by flange, the horizontal rotating shaft motor drives with horizontal rotating shaft with horizontal transmission mechanism by the twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing and is connected, vertical rotation axis by Bearing Installation with the joining supporting box of bearing on, fixedly connected with support in vertical rotation axis top, the vertical rotation axis motor drives with vertical rotation axis by the two-stage planet transmission mechanism and is connected, and the electromagnetism electricity loss brake that has locking effect is installed respectively on horizontal rotating shaft and the vertical rotation axis.
2. the sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake according to claim 1 is characterized in that described electromagnetism electricity loss brake is the electric lost electromagnetic brake.
3. the sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described horizontal transmission mechanism is provided with intermeshing large and small gear, gear wheel is installed on the horizontal rotating shaft, and pinion is installed on the output shaft of twin-stage worm type of reduction gearing.
4. the sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake according to claim 1 is characterized in that described horizontal rotating shaft motor and vertical rotation axis motor are brshless DC motor.
5. the sunray double-axis tracking device with electromagnetism electricity loss brake according to claim 1, the control system that it is characterized in that described Detection ﹠ Controling system adopts the closed-loop control system based on the astronomy calculation of parameter, and detection system directly adopts solar battery sheet to do the sensor devices of sunray.
CN2009202831663U 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Solar ray dual-axis tracking device with electromagnetic safe brakes Expired - Fee Related CN201584921U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202831663U CN201584921U (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Solar ray dual-axis tracking device with electromagnetic safe brakes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202831663U CN201584921U (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Solar ray dual-axis tracking device with electromagnetic safe brakes

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201584921U true CN201584921U (en) 2010-09-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102467130A (en) * 2010-11-18 2012-05-23 天津天高自动化工程有限公司 Dual-shaft support structure of concentration photovoltaic panel
CN104358839A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-02-18 浙江恒丰泰减速机制造有限公司 Double-axis positioning transmission mechanism
CN104483976A (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-04-01 夏之秋 Sun illumination double-axes tracking device with automatic wind resistance function

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102467130A (en) * 2010-11-18 2012-05-23 天津天高自动化工程有限公司 Dual-shaft support structure of concentration photovoltaic panel
CN104483976A (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-04-01 夏之秋 Sun illumination double-axes tracking device with automatic wind resistance function
CN104358839A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-02-18 浙江恒丰泰减速机制造有限公司 Double-axis positioning transmission mechanism

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100915

Termination date: 20121230