CN201583063U - Directional flow efficient condenser device - Google Patents

Directional flow efficient condenser device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201583063U
CN201583063U CN200920074796XU CN200920074796U CN201583063U CN 201583063 U CN201583063 U CN 201583063U CN 200920074796X U CN200920074796X U CN 200920074796XU CN 200920074796 U CN200920074796 U CN 200920074796U CN 201583063 U CN201583063 U CN 201583063U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
liquid
cylinder
liquid runner
demarcation strip
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN200920074796XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯国明
邹顺达
韩振兴
王金珍
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SHANGHAI HUANQIU REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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SHANGHAI HUANQIU REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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Priority to CN200920074796XU priority Critical patent/CN201583063U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201583063U publication Critical patent/CN201583063U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a directional flow efficient condenser device. The condenser generally used at present has the disadvantages of large size and low energy efficiency. The utility model has the technical scheme that directional flows are distributed in a gas passage of a gas and liquid flow passage, and the directional flow efficient condenser device mainly consists of a round cylinder, a gas inlet pipe, a vertical gas passage separation plate, a horizontal gas passage separation plate, a condenser pipe beam, a support plate, a liquid-state refrigerating medium outlet, a pipe plate, a secondary refrigerant inlet and outlet and the like. The utility model has the advantages that the directional flow distribution is realized through the gas passage separation plate device, and the phase change process of a mixture of refrigerating media and refrigerating oil is more complete, and the heat exchange process is more sufficient. The heat efficiency of the condenser is effectively improved, and the supercooling effect is more obvious. Compared with the existing condenser, the utility model has the advantages that the heat efficiency is improved by 8 to 12 percent, in addition, the size of the whole condenser can be reduced, and the effects of economy and energy saving can be reached.

Description

A kind of directional flow efficient condenser device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the condenser device of a kind of heat exchanger apparatus, particularly a kind of refrigerated air-conditioning system.
Background technology
Critical piece in the refrigerated air-conditioning system comprises: compressor, oil eliminator, condenser, reservoir, expansion valve, pipeline and control panels such as evaporimeter.Its kind of refrigeration cycle process is that cold-producing medium and the refrigeration oil gas phase mixture of high pressure superheater that compressor is discharged carries out after gas-liquid two-phase separates through oil eliminator, cold-producing medium enters in the condenser again and is condensed into high-pressure sub-cooled liquid by the heat absorption of normal temperature refrigerating medium, change into the low area overheat steam and sucked by compressor through putting hot gas by the normal temperature refrigerating medium in evaporimeter after the expansion valve throttling again, circulation realizes process of refrigerastion and so forth.Wherein condenser plays crucial central role to the efficiency of whole refrigeration air-conditioner.
In refrigerated air-conditioning system, the common at present condenser that adopts, volume is big, and efficiency is low, and heat exchanging process is insufficient, crosses cold DeGrain.
Summary of the invention
Recently, energy-conserving product will be the direction of market development.Therefore, in refrigerated air-conditioning system, be necessary condenser redesigned and integrate to optimize structure to improve efficiency.It is the purpose of this utility model place that a kind of directional flow efficient condenser device that uses in refrigerated air-conditioning system is provided.The technical solution of the utility model is: in cylinder with the cold-producing medium of high pressure superheater and refrigeration oil gas phase mixture from the first gas-liquid runner to the second gas-liquid runner again the air flue oriented flow to the 3rd gas-liquid runner distribute, make heat exchanging process more abundant, vapor phase refrigerant is condensed into liquid state step by step, the heat energy that has effectively improved condenser is imitated, and it is more obvious to cross cold effect.The technical solution of the utility model is come specific implementation by following technical measures, a kind of directional flow efficient condenser device that in refrigerated air-conditioning system, uses, it is characterized in that it is by cylinder, air inlet pipe, the uptake ventilator demarcation strip, horizontal air flue demarcation strip, the condensation tube bank, support plate, the liquid outlet of cold-producing medium, tube sheet, refrigerating medium is imported and exported, the first gas-liquid runner, the second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner are formed, wherein: the uptake ventilator demarcation strip that width equals the cylinder inside radius is vertically welded in the centre that another piece width is the horizontal air flue demarcation strip of cylinder interior diameter, two air flue demarcation strips of combination are installed in the centre of horizontal steel cylinder 1 along its length, three long sides of two air flue demarcation strips and the welding of cylinder madial wall are fixing, make and form the first gas-liquid runner in the cylinder, three relative related gas-liquid runners (seeing accompanying drawing 1) of the second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner.Array condensation tube bank is arranged by equilateral triangle in three gas-liquid runners that are arranged in the cylinder, and wherein the first gas-liquid runner communicates with the air inlet pipe connection on cylinder top; The 3rd gas-liquid runner is a liquid phase cavity, and dual-purpose crosses cold chamber, connects with the liquid outlet of the cold-producing medium of cylinder bottom to communicate.Separate an end (or two ends) of the uptake ventilator demarcation strip axial end portion of the first gas-liquid runner and the second gas-liquid runner and reserve the vapor phase refrigerant passage, the actual internal area of this passage be air inlet pipe latus rectum 5-6 doubly, make vapor phase refrigerant in two gas-liquid runners, directed length direction along the condensation tube bank evenly distributes, and heat exchanging process is more abundant.Separate an end (or two ends) of the horizontal air flue demarcation strip axial end portion of the second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner and reserve the vapor phase refrigerant passage, the actual internal area of this passage be air inlet pipe latus rectum 5-6 doubly, make vapor phase refrigerant in two gas-liquid runners, directed length direction along the condensation tube bank evenly distributes, and heat exchanging process is more abundant.Condensation tube bank and two ends tube plate expanded-connecting are fixed, and middle with the support plate support, refrigerating medium is imported and exported the same end that is separately positioned on cylinder, perhaps is separately positioned on the left and right two ends of cylinder.
The using method of the utility model directional flow efficient condenser device is: the cold-producing medium of high pressure superheater and refrigeration oil gas phase mixture are taken up in order of priority by air inlet pipe and are entered in the cylinder in the first gas-liquid runner and two gas-liquid runners of the second gas-liquid runner, and be uniformly distributed in the condensation tube bank with the flow velocity of orientation, after the refrigerating medium heat exchange, make vapor phase refrigerant and refrigeration oil mixture be condensed into liquid state step by step, phase transition process is more perfect, heat exchanging process is more abundant, and the heat energy that has effectively improved condenser is imitated.Cold-producing medium that part is remaining and refrigeration oil gas phase mixture orientation enter the 3rd gas-liquid runner in the cylinder by the passage of horizontal air flue demarcation strip end, after containing the cryogen heat exchange, process condensation tube bank fully liquefies, operative liquid cold-producing medium and refrigeration oil be further must be cold, and enters expansion gear by the liquid outlet of the cold-producing medium of cylinder bottom.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, this directional flow efficient condenser has adopted air flue demarcation strip device to realize that oriented flow distributes in cylinder, is a kind of simple in structure, makes easily, and processing cost is low.The phase transition process of cold-producing medium and refrigeration oil mixture is more perfect, and heat exchanging process is more abundant.The heat energy that has effectively improved condenser is imitated, and it is more obvious to cross cold effect.Imitate than the heat energy of existing condenser and to have improved 8-12%, and whole condensation vessel volume can reduce, not only economy but also energy-conservation.
Description of drawings
The radial section structural representation of Fig. 1, the utility model directional flow efficient condenser device embodiment.
The axial section structural representation of Fig. 2, the utility model directional flow efficient condenser device embodiment.
The meaning that each legend mark is expressed as follows respectively in the accompanying drawing:
1----cylinder, 2----air inlet pipe, 31----uptake ventilator demarcation strip,
The horizontal air flue demarcation strip of 32----, 4----condensation tube bank, 5----support plate,
The liquid outlet of 6----cold-producing medium, 7----tube sheet, the import and export of 8----refrigerating medium,
The a----first gas-liquid runner, the b----second gas-liquid runner, c----the 3rd gas-liquid runner.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified:
Present embodiment is that to be applied in the thermic load amount be 550kW, model is the directional flow efficient condenser device that uses in the ELNR470H refrigerated air-conditioning system, it is by cylinder 1, air inlet pipe 2, uptake ventilator demarcation strip 31, horizontal air flue demarcation strip 32, condensation tube bank 4, support plate 5, the liquid outlet 6 of cold-producing medium, tube sheet 7, refrigerating medium imports and exports 8, the first gas-liquid runner a, the second gas-liquid runner b and the 3rd gas-liquid runner c form, each parts is pressed accompanying drawing 1,2 structures that provide install, wherein: the external diameter of cylinder 1 is Φ 362mm, length is 2400mm, adopts steel plate to roll and forms; The uptake ventilator demarcation strip 31 that width equals the cylinder inside radius is vertically welded in the centre that another piece width is the horizontal air flue demarcation strip 32 of cylinder 1 interior diameter, two air flue demarcation strips of combination are installed in the centre of horizontal steel cylinder 1 along its length, three long sides of two air flue demarcation strips and the welding of cylinder 1 madial wall are fixing, make and form the first gas-liquid runner a, the second gas-liquid runner b and three relative related gas-liquid runners (seeing accompanying drawing 1) of the 3rd gas-liquid runner c in the cylinder 1.Array condensation tube bank 4 is arranged by equilateral triangle in three gas-liquid runners that are arranged in the cylinder 1, and the top in the middle of the cylinder 1 is two gas-liquid runners, and wherein the first gas-liquid runner a is that 2 connections of Φ 76mm air inlet pipe communicate with the external diameter on cylinder 1 top; The 3rd gas-liquid runner c dual-purpose of cylinder 1 below is crossed cold chamber, is that liquid outlet 6 connections of Φ 38mm cold-producing medium communicate with the external diameter of cylinder 1 bottom.Separate an end of uptake ventilator demarcation strip 31 axial end portions of the first gas-liquid runner a and the second gas-liquid runner b and reserve the vapor phase refrigerant passage, the actual internal area of this passage is 5 times of latus rectum of air inlet pipe 2, make vapor phase refrigerant in two gas-liquid runners, length direction along condensation tube bank 4 evenly distributes, and heat exchanging process is more abundant.Separate an end of horizontal air flue demarcation strip 32 axial end portions of the second gas-liquid runner b and the 3rd gas-liquid runner c and reserve the vapor phase refrigerant passage, the actual internal area of this passage is 5 times of latus rectum of air inlet pipe 2, make vapor phase refrigerant in two gas-liquid runners, length direction along condensation tube bank 4 evenly distributes, and heat exchanging process is more abundant.Condensation tube bank 4 is fixed with two ends tube sheet 7 expanded joints, middlely supports with support plate 5, and refrigerating medium is imported and exported the 8 same ends that are separately positioned on cylinder 1.
Present embodiment is imitated than the heat energy of existing condenser and has been improved 8-12%, not only economy but also energy-conservation.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of directional flow efficient condenser device that in refrigerated air-conditioning system, uses, it is characterized in that it is by cylinder, air inlet pipe, the uptake ventilator demarcation strip, horizontal air flue demarcation strip, the condensation tube bank, support plate, the liquid outlet of cold-producing medium, tube sheet, refrigerating medium is imported and exported, the first gas-liquid runner, the second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner are formed, wherein: the uptake ventilator demarcation strip that width equals the cylinder inside radius is vertically welded in the centre that another piece width is the horizontal air flue demarcation strip of cylinder interior diameter, two air flue demarcation strips of combination are installed in the centre of horizontal steel cylinder along its length, three long sides of two air flue demarcation strips and the welding of cylinder madial wall are fixing, make and form the first gas-liquid runner in the cylinder, three relative related gas-liquid runners of the second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner; Array condensation tube bank is arranged by equilateral triangle in three gas-liquid runners that are arranged in the cylinder, and wherein the first gas-liquid runner communicates with the air inlet pipe connection on cylinder top; The 3rd gas-liquid runner is a liquid phase cavity, and dual-purpose crosses cold chamber, connects with the liquid outlet of the cold-producing medium of cylinder bottom to communicate; Separate an end of the uptake ventilator demarcation strip axial end portion of the first gas-liquid runner and the second gas-liquid runner and reserve the vapor phase refrigerant passage, the actual internal area of this passage be air inlet pipe latus rectum 5-6 doubly; Separate an end of the horizontal air flue demarcation strip axial end portion of the second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner and reserve the vapor phase refrigerant passage, the actual internal area of this passage be air inlet pipe latus rectum 5-6 doubly; Condensation tube bank and two ends tube plate expanded-connecting are fixed, and middle refrigerating medium is imported and exported the same end that is separately positioned on cylinder with the support plate support, perhaps divides the left and right two ends that are arranged on cylinder.
2. a kind of directional flow efficient condenser device according to claim 1, it is an end that the uptake ventilator demarcation strip axial end portion that it is characterized in that the described separation first gas-liquid runner and the second gas-liquid runner is reserved the vapor phase refrigerant passage, or two ends.
3. a kind of directional flow efficient condenser device according to claim 1, it is an end that the horizontal air flue demarcation strip axial end portion that it is characterized in that described separation second gas-liquid runner and the 3rd gas-liquid runner is reserved the vapor phase refrigerant passage, or two ends.
CN200920074796XU 2009-12-11 2009-12-11 Directional flow efficient condenser device Expired - Lifetime CN201583063U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920074796XU CN201583063U (en) 2009-12-11 2009-12-11 Directional flow efficient condenser device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920074796XU CN201583063U (en) 2009-12-11 2009-12-11 Directional flow efficient condenser device

Publications (1)

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CN201583063U true CN201583063U (en) 2010-09-15

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080901A (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-06-01 上海环球制冷设备有限公司 Integrated condensing dry evaporator device and use method thereof
CN101738015B (en) * 2009-12-11 2012-10-03 上海环球制冷设备有限公司 Directional flow efficient condenser device and using method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101738015B (en) * 2009-12-11 2012-10-03 上海环球制冷设备有限公司 Directional flow efficient condenser device and using method thereof
CN102080901A (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-06-01 上海环球制冷设备有限公司 Integrated condensing dry evaporator device and use method thereof
CN102080901B (en) * 2010-12-13 2013-06-26 上海环球制冷设备有限公司 Integrated condensing dry evaporator device and use method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20100915

Effective date of abandoning: 20091211