A kind of Rail Transit System
The utility model belongs to a kind of traffic and transportation system, especially Rail Transit System.
The vehicle are being played the part of extremely important role in social progress efficiently, and since 20th century, the vehicle are mainly born by automobile, train, enter 21 century, express highway, high speed railway construction are more like a raging fire, but they have the following disadvantage that can't overcome: 1, the plane traffic, strive with people and animals, the unpredictability incident is extremely many, the running environment complexity, control difficulty, expend a large amount of manpower and materials, and dangerous, accident is many; 2, descending must rely on driving engine make negative work, and the gradient is excessive can not travel; 3, particularly the speed of a motor vehicle is fast more, and then vehicle chassis must be heavy more, otherwise can cause and skid, brake, turn to malfunctioning causing the accident, and the road construction cost also can be high more, floor area is big more, causes vehicle cost, energy consumption, road construction cost to be doubled and redoubled; 4, the energy consumption height, seriously polluted, danger such as spontaneous combustion also easily take place.So the raising of current vehicle speed is a prerequisite to increase vehicle manufacturing cost, energy consumption, pollution, road construction cost and floor area, is to exchange for huge paying with cost, is unsustainable development model.
Along with energy growing tension, the control carbon emission is become a consensus of the international community, low-carbon economy becomes much more popular day by day, as energy consumption rich and influential family's transportation industry emphasis especially, so various countries fall over each other to research and develop electronlmobil, but drawbacks such as batteries of electric automobile cost height, big, the lasting mileage of weight are lacked, and tenure of use is short have restricted its development; But nearly 2 years 001 groups release the Electrical Bicycle of self power generation, and slogan is: " energy-conservation self power generation, charging " while riding, but limited because of recharging electric current vary within wide limits practical function; The most promisingly surely belong to track traffic, the nearest disclosed patent No. is: 200810020483.6 patent of invention is then passed through the mode of roller gripper rail, eliminated the heavy more design defect in the fast more then chassis of the speed of a motor vehicle, and cancelled steering swivel system, also can cancel complicated driving system because of adopting motor drive mode, thereby make vehicle structure become very simply in light weight, thereby reduce vehicle manufacturing cost and orbit construction cost greatly.But automatic technology and self-powered technology are not adopted in this invention, inabundant energy-saving excavation consumption reduction potentiality, and practicality is not strong.
Summary of the invention
The utility model purpose provides a kind of novel elevated guideway traffic system with spontaneous electrical function, utilize variable-frequency motor or electricity generation and electromotion all-in-one when car retardation or descending, to generate electricity, and the pillar that utilizes elevated guideway is as upholder, set up aerogenerator and solar power plant, the dependence of the energy to external world during with the minimizing vehicular drive, in addition, the utility model is used for reference missile brain, increase autonomous cruise speed system, thereby realized the automation traffic.
The utility model technology bill is as follows:
For achieving the above object, Rail Transit System described in the utility model, comprise the elevated guideway system, generating---drive system, driving, control system and station are formed, it is characterized in that: the pillar of described elevated guideway system is pressed certain distance and is vertically vertically arranged, the top of pillar is equipped with aerogenerator, aerogenerator is connected with power transmission line A, the pillar of aerogenerator lower end is provided with device of solar generating, and be connected with power transmission line A, adopt this structure, be to utilize pillar upper end and top to have the good wind-power electricity generation and the environment of solar electrical energy generation, need not overlapping investment, set up pillar in addition, just can be used as wind-force and solar power plant, for rail system provides electric power; Pillar is provided with crossbeam, track is fixed on the crossbeam by anchor fitting, clamping roller set is in orbit arranged on the track, the self power generation motor is installed in the roller of roller set, it has electrical generator and electrical motor dual-use function, or form by electrical generator and electrical motor, the electrical generator power output end is connected with power transmission line A, power transmission line A is connected with transformation device, transformation device is connected with power transmission line B, power transmission line B is connected with electrical motor by pantograph, and motor is implemented in and relies on direct motor drive when quickening and electrical generator self power generation when deceleration or descending by automatic control device; Roller set is fixed by the roller set support, and the roller set support is provided with blocking device, and blocking device is realized the driving airflight with the bearing set locking of driving; Track is provided with the speed of a motor vehicle and position sensor by certain distance, the place, turnout of track, be provided with the turnout and dial the trouble device automatically, be provided with communicator and control setup in the driving, each inductor, control setup and communicator connect with the control center that is located at the station by wired or wireless mode, there are communicator, computing machine and dispatch control platform in control center, dials trouble and vehicle operating with the control turnout;
Aforesaid generating---drive system, it is characterized in that: generating---drive system is by aerogenerator, device of solar generating, power transmission line A, transformation device, power transmission line B, roller, the self power generation motor of roller, pantograph, the roller set support, blocking device is formed, aerogenerator, device of solar generating, the self power generation motor electricity of roller all is transported on the power transmission line A, the electricity that power transmission line A is collected is because electric current, the change of voltage amplitude is very big, must be through the rectification of transformation device, transformation, power transformation, become permanent steady electric current and just can offer consumer, therefore between power transmission line A and power transmission line B, set up transformation device, constitute roller set by two with upper roller, roller set is fixed by the roller set support, it is rolled in orbit and can landing, derailing; Blocking device on the roller set support is used to lock driving, makes driving can not break away from the roller set support automatically;
Aforesaid track and crossbeam, it is characterized in that: track and crossbeam can have one or more layers, and crossbeam is made by steel or cement concrete, and track can be the track that rail, cement concrete are made, also can be to be made by bamboo wood, composite material, can also be rope, tubulose, band shape;
Aforesaid driving, it is characterized in that: control setup and communicator are arranged in the driving compartment, move with control vehicle, driving is streamlined contour, have certain aerofoil, the aerodynamic contour structures, and select according to the design speed per hour can lift-rising and the profile of drag reduction, similar as kite, aerodone, guided missile etc., make it when having certain relative wind, just can realize flight;
The utility model is used for reference the kinetic energy of roller-coaster---and potential energy is changed and the principle that realizes constantly advancing mutually, variation according to running environment, change kinetic energy into, potential energy---electric energy exchanges, utilize the kinetic energy when slowing down, down-hill potential energy converting and energy is an electric energy, convert electrical energy into kinetic energy through drive motor again, the driving driving advances, the self power generation motor of described roller and roller, it is characterized in that: roller is as the roller-coaster clamping in orbit, can advance in the big area of the gradient, also can cancel steering swivel system, and can avoid derailed, motor external rotor electric machine in this way then is installed in the roller wheel hub, in this way inner rotor motor then electric machine main shaft be installed in the bearing at roller center, motor can be to have the generating and the variable-frequency motor or the electricity generation and electromotion all-in-one of electric functions, or electrical generator makes up the formation roller set with electrical motor, to realize and to slow down, self power generation during descending, thereby few external energy of demand.This is very important in the China on many mountains, can arrive automobile, train ungetable area, and can save a large amount of energy and a large amount of minimizing pollution.
Because the utility model is provided with autonomous cruise speed system, utilize the pillar of elevated guideway that aerogenerator and device of solar generating have been installed, and use self power generation motor, make the elevated guideway system have spontaneous electrical function, thereby make that the whole rail traffic system has realized having self power generation simultaneously, automation, electrification, pollution-free, to rely on the external energy few, few occupation of land, three-dimensional air communication, reduced because of ground communications to the harm of people and animals, animal with changed and expend the but current mode of transportation that takes place frequently of traffic accident of a large amount of manpowers, also meet following low-carbon economy demand for development.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model rail system structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model generating---driving system structure scheme drawing;
Fig. 3 is the utility model generating---drive system electric power circuit scheme drawing;
Fig. 4 is the utility model autonomous cruise speed system sketch.
The specific embodiment
Among the figure: 1, pillar 2, crossbeam 3, track 4, turnout 5, automatic trouble device 6, anchor fitting 7, driving 8, roller set 9, power transmission line B 10, power transmission line A 11, device of solar generating 12, aerogenerator 13, roller set support 14, blocking device 15, driving bearing set 16, transformation device 17, the pantograph dialled
Among Fig. 1, there is the pillar of vertically vertically arranging 1 in a kind of novel rail system, and the top of this pillar is equipped with aerogenerator 12, mouth is connected with power transmission line A10, in the bottom of aerogenerator, device of solar generating 11 also is installed, its power output end also is connected with power transmission line A10, the all extremely unsettled electric energy of power transmission line A10 electric current and voltage is by transformation device 16, change permanent steady electric current into, be transported to again among the power transmission line B9, become driving electric; Be provided with crossbeam 2 at the middle part of pillar 1, crossbeam 2 is fixed on track 3 on the crossbeam 2 by anchor fitting 6, track 3 is equipped with the roller set 8 that is held on it, roller set 8 is fixing by roller set support 13, roller set support 13 is provided with blocking device 14, this device makes driving 7 be suspended in the air and be implemented in airflight 15 lockings of driving bearing set.
Fig. 2 is generating---driving system structure scheme drawing, track 3 is equipped with the roller set 8 that is held on it, and roller set 8 is fixing by roller set support 13, and roller set support 13 is provided with blocking device 14, this device is suspended in driving 7 in the air 15 lockings of driving bearing set.Power transmission line A10 is connected with inverter 16, inverter 16 is connected with power transmission line B9, motor is installed in the middle of the roller of roller set 8, motor is a variable-frequency motor, have generating and electric functions, the generating mouth is connected with power transmission line A10, electronic input end then is connected with power transmission line B9 by pantograph 17, this structure mainly is because wind-power electricity generation no matter, solar electrical energy generation still slows down, self power generation during descending, its electric current and voltage all are that rangeability is very big, can not be directly used in drive motor, adopt after transformation device is handled, just can realize carrying permanent steady electric current, realize low-cost spontaneous electrical function to electrical motor;
Fig. 3 is generating---drive system electric power circuit scheme drawing, as shown in Figure 3, aerogenerator, device of solar generating and the variable-frequency motor generating mouth with spontaneous electrical function all are connected on the power transmission line A, power transmission line A arrives transformation device with power delivery, after transformation device transformation, rectification, be transported to power transmission line B again, convey electrical current to the motor-driven power input end through pantograph again, for drive motor provides electric power when driving, realizing generating---the drive system power cycle is utilized, energy efficient, cost-cutting.
Fig. 4 is the autonomous cruise speed system sketch, by certain distance inductor is set in track, with position, the speed of induction driving; The trouble device is dialled on the turnout automatically control setup, communicator and control setup are arranged in the driving, described each inductor, control setup and communicator connect by the communicator of wired or wireless mode with the control center that is located at the station, described communicator is connected with the dispatch control platform with computing machine, becomes rail and vehicle operating with the control track.Because automatic guidance implementation, control element are very many, the utility model not special requirement adopts certain mode, adopts alternate manner also can realize automatic guidance to vehicle, so the use-case of only putting into effect is briefly stated.