CN201504454U - Non-cultivated land sandstone wall down-dug sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

Non-cultivated land sandstone wall down-dug sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201504454U
CN201504454U CN2009201440855U CN200920144085U CN201504454U CN 201504454 U CN201504454 U CN 201504454U CN 2009201440855 U CN2009201440855 U CN 2009201440855U CN 200920144085 U CN200920144085 U CN 200920144085U CN 201504454 U CN201504454 U CN 201504454U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
insulation layer
greenhouse
main
piled
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009201440855U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张国森
赵文怀
殷学云
蒋宏
孟红霞
孙建国
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SUZHOU DISTRICT VEGETABLE TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CENTER
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SUZHOU DISTRICT VEGETABLE TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CENTER
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Priority to CN2009201440855U priority Critical patent/CN201504454U/en
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Publication of CN201504454U publication Critical patent/CN201504454U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a non-cultivated land sandstone wall down-dug sunlight greenhouse, which comprises a steel house frame, a main wall body, a gable, a back wall, a first-class rear wall body piling insulation layer and a second-class rear wall body piling insulation layer, wherein the main wall body adopts a sunlight greenhouse rear wall, a prefabricated concrete cross beam is arranged at the end part thereof, and the two ends of the steel house frame are welded respectively to the main wall body constructional column and a front leg embedded part. The utility model digs the ground for 1m so as to utilize the deep terrestrial heat radiation to preserve heat, thereby reducing heat loss and improving heat preservation and storage capacity, utilizes stone block pulp which has the advantages of quick heating and average 2.5 to 3 degrees increasing of temperature in the greenhouse as compared with traditional secondary sunlight greenhouse to lay the wall body, thereby reducing the hazard caused by natural disasters as wind-blown sand and cold current, and utilizes the sandstone to lay the insulation layer so as to reach the whole thickness of the bottom part of 4m, which is 2.5 times of the thickness of the wall body of the secondary sunlight greenhouse, thereby increasing the thickness of the insulation layer, and reducing the heat loss of the interior of the greenhouse, and in addition, the utility model is suitable for the growing of vegetables and crops.

Description

Dig the type greenhouse by solar heat under the uncultivated area sandstone wall
Technical field
The utility model belong to two generation the greenhouse by solar heat construction structure improvement, relate to a kind of uncultivated area that is used to develop, the horticultural facility of developing agricultural high-tech, high benefit agricultural planting, cultivation---dig the type greenhouse by solar heat under the uncultivated area sandstone wall.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, vast in territory, but land resources is poor relatively, and constructions that occupy cultivated land of traditional greenhouse by solar heat is because peasant household is arrived in land contract, the greenhouse layout is disperseed, build the greenhouse and concentrate, transfer ground contradiction very outstanding again, not only increased construction cost, and the civil engineering greenhouse body of wall life-span only be about 10 years, increased certain degree of difficulty for the construction of greenhouse by solar heat; The northwest plateau area is because environment is relatively more abominable, frequent natural calamity, and the greenhouse is built according to ground level, runs into strong wind weather, pulled the canopy film by wind easily, the greenhouse thickness of wall body is about 1.5m, runs into extreme low temperature weather, insulating power descends, and is difficult to withstand natural calamities.
Summary of the invention
In view of the defective that existing greenhouse exists, the purpose of this utility model aims to provide a kind of good heat insulating, the ability of withstanding natural calamities strong, be convenient to centralized planning beats and builds, digs the type greenhouse by solar heat under the uncultivated area sandstone wall of long service life.
The purpose of this utility model is to take following measure to realize:
Dig the type greenhouse by solar heat under a kind of uncultivated area sandstone wall, mainly comprise steel roof truss, main wall body, gable, back parados, the one-level back wall piles up heat-insulation layer and the secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer, the main wall body is a wall behind the greenhouse by solar heat, its end place is provided with prefabricated concrete crossbeam, the steel roof truss two ends are welded on respectively on constructional column and the preceding room pin built-in fitting, steel roof truss and the angle between arc steel roof truss that the main wall body connects are 40 °~42 °, it is characterized in that:
A. place excavation width be the greenhouse span 1.3-1.5 doubly, the degree of depth is the 1.0m hole;
B. the main wall body is that the stone of bottom width 1.0m, top width 0.5m, high 2.2m grouts body of wall, at the prefabricated concrete crossbeam of 2m eminence, the built-in reinforcing bar of crossbeam;
C. gable height and steel roof truss cambered surface are consistent, and are bottom width 2.0m, top width 1.2m, and stone grouts body of wall.After greenhouse front roof galvanized wire is fixing, in the distance gable 60cm place prefabricated with the consistent film-pressing tank of steel roof truss cambered surface length, the platform of marking time outside backer's wall;
D. the back parados is built on the main wall body first road crossbeam, and wide is 0.18m, and high 1.2m builds a brick column every 1.8m, and the very useful mortar of wall binds;
E. pile up heat-insulation layer and be divided into that the one-level back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer and the secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer, the one-level back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer by the main wall body: the bottom overall width reaches 4.0m, and the top overall width reaches 2.5m; The secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer by the back parados, and the bottom overall width reaches 2.0m, the top overall width reaches 0.6m, and heat-insulation layer is all piled up with sandstone; Heat-insulation layer forward position thickness is not less than 0.2m, and the back is not less than 1.2m along thickness;
Heat-insulation layer is general earlier at bottom shop thick reed of 5cm or bamboo curtain splint, the old film of upper berth one deck, in fill out crops straw, compacting encases with waste and old film again; The marly soil that cover the thick 3:1 of 20cm outward bind.
The beneficial effect of advantage of the present utility model and generation is:
1, this structure greenhouse by solar heat, the one, owing to dig 1m, avoided local frozen soil layer from subsurface, utilize deep geothermal heat radiation insulation, reduced the heat loss, increased the insulation heat storage capacity, reduced the harm that the greenhouse is subjected to natural calamities such as dust storm, cold current; The 2nd, utilize stone to grout body of wall, quick heating, more traditional two generation greenhouse by solar heat on average improve temperature of shed 2.5-3 ℃; The 3rd, pile up heat-insulation layer with sandstone, the bottom gross thickness has reached 4m, is two generations 2.5 times of the greenhouse by solar heat thickness of wall body, has increased insulation layer thickness, has reduced that heat runs off in the greenhouse.
2, economic effect: this structure greenhouse by solar heat one is to have strengthened the insulation heat storage capacity, is beneficial to the vegetable crop growth; The 2nd, carry out greenhouse by solar heat production on sandstone ground, reduced humidity in the canopy, reduced sick worm harm in winter, improved product quality; The 3rd, utilize the stone body of building a wall, prolonged service life, according to expert's estimation, can reach service life more than 50 years, calculate according to depreciable cost, greatly reduce greenhouse by solar heat construction cost; The 4th, the popularization of this structure greenhouse by solar heat can be accelerated the development and use to sandstone barren beach resource, effectively solves the grain dish and strives ground contradiction, and by the advanced practical technique of integrated popularization, effectively improve output, benefit and product quality.
3, social effect: utilize and dig the type greenhouse by solar heat under the sandstone wall and carry out vegetables production, can implement effective monitoring to production process, and by promoting the ecological organic soilless culture, water-saving drip irrigation is used, organic manure, technology such as biopesticide use, reduce and pollute, improve the ecological environment, promote waste and old resource regeneration, realize benign ecological cycles, help the sustainable development of agricultural, have good ecological benefits, can effectively improve the scientific and technological quality of wide farmers, promote the industry integral level, promote industrial upgrading and optimization, help the further expansion of greenhouse by solar heat development scale, form the good pattern of base production, simultaneously, also can drive transportation, the development of related industry such as go sightseeing produces social benefit widely.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model sectional schematic diagram.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, dig the type greenhouse by solar heat under a kind of uncultivated area sandstone wall, face south, positive south by west 5-10 °, length is 60m, interior span 8m, and the high 4.1m of ridge, the back roofing elevation angle is 42 °, before constructing the place is carried out smoothly, super flat, determines ground zero level line.Then, the 1.3-1.5 that the width of excavation designs span for the greenhouse doubly, the degree of depth is determined growing surface with 1.0m hole 6, leveling, and with the compacting of pouring water of body of wall basis.On the ground of compacting, build the main wall body.The barnacle body of wall of main wall body 1 bottom width 1.0m, top width 0.5m, high 2.2m is at the concrete crossbeam of the prefabricated wide 0.3m of 2m eminence, high 0.2m.4 of built-in φ 12 reinforcing bars of crossbeam are made 3 of stirrups, the high 0.2m of crossbeam, wide 0.24m with φ 6 reinforcing bars for every meter.
Gable height and steel roof truss cambered surface are consistent, and are bottom width 2.0m, top width 1.2m, and stone grouts body of wall.Side 0.8m, high 2.2m place within the walls after distance respectively; Apart from after side 3.2m, high 1.8m place within the walls; Apart from after pre-buried 3 steel loops of correspondence position on the both sides gable at side 5.6m, high 1.4m place within the walls.
After greenhouse front roof galvanized wire is fixing, in the distance gable along 60cm place prefabricated and the consistent film-pressing tank of steel roof truss cambered surface length, stay the platform of marking time of wide 30cm, high 30cm, long 40cm outside backer's wall.The gable top is smeared the thick concrete of 5cm and is bound, and height is consistent with the steel roof truss cambered surface,
Back parados 3 is built on the main wall body 2 first road crossbeams, builds wide 18cm with brick along the Hou Qiang outer, and the brick wall of high 1.2m is built 24 * 24cm brick column every 1.8m, and the very useful mortar of wall binds.
The one-level back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer 4 and secondary back wall and is piled up heat-insulation layer 5 minutes and pile up for 2 layers,
The one-level back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer 4 by the main wall body, and the bottom overall width reaches 4.0m, and top width reaches 2.5m, constructs synchronously with the body of wall construction.The secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer 5 by the back parados, and the bottom overall width reaches 2.0m, the top overall width reaches 0.6m.Heat-insulation layer forward position thickness is not less than 0.2m, and the back is not less than 1.2m along thickness.
Heat-insulation layer is general earlier at bottom shop thick reed of 5cm or bamboo curtain splint, the old film of upper berth one deck, in fill out crops straw, compacting encases with waste and old film again; Covering thick 3: 1 marly soil of 20cm outward binds.
The front roof base angle is with concrete system 30 * 30cm collar tie beam, above in collude φ 12 reinforcing bars along burying 3 bands underground with the vertical corresponding position of wall steel roof truss prefabricated component, back, long 15cm stays 5cm outward, 3cm evenly distributes apart from the center, is used for the weldable steel roof truss; The middle upward outer of steel roof truss is buried 1 band underground and is colluded φ 6 reinforcing bars, and long 15cm stays 5cm outward, and horizontal positioned is used for fixing film-pressing line.
Gable is 0.5m outward, digs the ditch of dark 1m, prefabricated long 6m, and wide 0.4m, the dropstone of high 0.4m stays 7 reinforcing bar built-in fittings that basset, and is used for fixing the roofing galvanized wire.
Steel roof truss 1 two ends are welded on respectively on main wall body structure post and the preceding room pin built-in fitting with the 2.8m spacing.Apart from front roof crestal culmination 5cm place weld ridge drift angle iron, face of angle bar is parallel with front roof.
Gable outer place mat wooden stick, the every 30cm of front roof draw No. 8 galvanized wires of one cold-drawn, and the every 20cm of back roofing draws together, and two is fixed on the outer reinforcing bar built-in fitting of gable.
Set up 2 auxiliary steelframes in the middle of per two main steel frames, adopt the GB thick walled steel tube of diameter 6cm, spacing 90cm does not weld lower edge, length 2m.
The steel pipe of forward and backward roofing and galvanized wire infall are fixed with the 12# iron wire.
Be layered on the long 9m of thermal insulation of roof curtain, wide 2m, thick 4-5cm.
Ventilating opening is stayed the front roof top, and width is 1.5m.
With high-quality canopy film, adopt embrane method on the double width, the wide 9m of film significantly, the top is fixed on the galvanized wire of ventilating opening forward position, and the thing both sides are fixed in the film-pressing tank with the press mold jump ring, and the front roof footing is fixed in bottom, and reinforces with film-pressing line; Front and the overlapping 0.3m in film top significantly, back are fixed on the roofing of back.
Be built in gable one side between buffering, door is to Nankai, long 4m, and wide 3m, coca is according to the planning of gable height and garden and decide, and high 2m, wide 0.9m build 1 of the square steel sash of 1m between buffering.
Cistern is built near gable inboard, water source, makes semi-underground type, and long 5.5m, wide 1.5m about 1.5m, expose ground 50cm deeply, pond base thickness 0.3m, the centre adds partition wall, whitewash careful, prevent seepage.

Claims (1)

1. dig the type greenhouse by solar heat under a uncultivated area sandstone wall, mainly comprise steel roof truss (1), main wall body (2), gable, back parados (3), the one-level back wall piles up heat-insulation layer (4) and the secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer (5), main wall body (2) is a wall behind the greenhouse by solar heat with back parados (3), its end place is provided with prefabricated concrete crossbeam, steel roof truss (1) two ends are welded on respectively on main wall body (2) constructional column and the preceding room pin built-in fitting, steel roof truss that main wall body (2) connects and the angle between arc steel roof truss (1) are 40 °~42 °, it is characterized in that:
A. place excavation width be the greenhouse span 1.3-1.5 doubly, the degree of depth is 1.0m hole (6);
B. main wall body (1) is that the stone of bottom width 1.0m, top width 0.5m, high 2.2m grouts body of wall, at the prefabricated concrete crossbeam of 2m eminence, and the built-in reinforcing bar of crossbeam;
C. gable height and steel roof truss cambered surface are consistent, and are bottom width 2.0m, top width 1.2m, and stone grouts body of wall; After greenhouse front roof galvanized wire is fixing, in the distance gable 60cm place prefabricated with the consistent film-pressing tank of steel roof truss cambered surface length, the platform of marking time outside backer's wall;
D. back parados (3) is built on main wall body (2) the first road crossbeams, and wide is 0.18m, and high 1.2m builds a brick column every 1.8m, and the very useful mortar of wall binds;
E. pile up heat-insulation layer and be divided into that the one-level back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer (4) and the secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer (5), the one-level back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer (4) by the main wall body: the bottom overall width reaches 4.0m, and the top overall width reaches 2.5m; The secondary back wall is piled up heat-insulation layer (5) by the back parados, and the bottom overall width reaches 2.0m, the top overall width reaches 0.6m, and heat-insulation layer is all piled up with sandstone; Heat-insulation layer forward position thickness is 0.2~0.5m, and the back is 1.2~1.5m along thickness;
Heat-insulation layer is general earlier at bottom shop thick reed of 5cm or bamboo curtain splint, the old film of upper berth one deck, in fill out crops straw, compacting encases with waste and old film again; Covering thick 3: 1 marly soil of 20cm outward binds.
CN2009201440855U 2009-09-25 2009-09-25 Non-cultivated land sandstone wall down-dug sunlight greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN201504454U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103669610A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 上海都市绿色工程有限公司 Bridge cutoff structure for greenhouse
CN105165473A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-23 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Solar greenhouse special for gobi area

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103669610A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 上海都市绿色工程有限公司 Bridge cutoff structure for greenhouse
CN103669610B (en) * 2013-12-19 2016-01-27 上海都市绿色工程有限公司 A kind of bridge cutoff structure for greenhouse
CN105165473A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-23 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Solar greenhouse special for gobi area

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100616

Termination date: 20100925

C17 Cessation of patent right