CN201495136U - Biological bed and constructed wetland system - Google Patents

Biological bed and constructed wetland system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201495136U
CN201495136U CN2009202235491U CN200920223549U CN201495136U CN 201495136 U CN201495136 U CN 201495136U CN 2009202235491 U CN2009202235491 U CN 2009202235491U CN 200920223549 U CN200920223549 U CN 200920223549U CN 201495136 U CN201495136 U CN 201495136U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
container
biological
biological bed
baffle plate
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2009202235491U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡明�
郭鹏程
马卓荦
张磊
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Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
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Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN2009202235491U priority Critical patent/CN201495136U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201495136U publication Critical patent/CN201495136U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a biological bed and a constructed wetland system. The biological bed comprises a container; three or more baffle plates are arranged inside the container; the container is divided into different spaces by the baffle plates; and through-holes are formed on the baffle plates. In the utility model, the three or more baffle plates are arranged in the biological bed, the container is divided into different spaces through the baffle plates, the through-holes are formed in different positions of the baffle plates, the through-holes can be evenly distributed on plate faces, can be evenly distributed at the lower parts of the plate faces, and also can be evenly distributed on the middle part of the plate faces, thereby enabling the baffle plates to adapt to different sewage treatment by changing hole positions; by adopting the baffle plates with through holes, a dead water region is prevented to be formed inside the biological bed, In addition, a constructed wetland system provided by the utility model comprises a plurality of independent wetland units, namely, a biological pond and a biological bed are combined to use, thereby achieving different sewage treatments.

Description

A kind of biological bed and artificial wet land system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of biological bed, also relates to a kind of artificial wet land system that is used to dispose of sewage simultaneously, belongs to the technical field of utilizing biotechnology to dispose of sewage.
Background technology
Artificial swamp, also can be described as artificial wetland, be by artificial construction and supervision and control, make full use of the characteristics that wet land system is purified waste water, utilize physics, chemistry and biological triple synergies in the ecosystem, realize efficient purification sewage by filtration, absorption, precipitation, ion-exchange, plant absorbing and microbiological degradation.General artificial wet land system mostly has following characteristics: (1) construction and working cost are low; (2) be easy to safeguard; (3) can carry out wastewater treatment effectively reliably; (4) can cushion impact to waterpower and pollution load; (5) can bring benefits, as aquatic products, livestock products, paper making raw material, building materials, greening, wild fauna and flora perch, amusement and education.Artificial wet land system is a kind of ecological pollution treatment measure that should widely popularize.
Because the difference of sewage character, the treatment process that need take also is not quite similar, but the biological bed that is used at present dispose of sewage and uses, employing be a kind of water body fluidised form, the water body fluidised form can not change, the mode of disposing of sewage is single; In addition, the inner dead water region that easily forms of prior biological bed.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of biological bed.
Another purpose of the present utility model also is to provide a kind of artificial wet land system, to improve the purification efficiency of sewage.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model has adopted a kind of biological bed, comprises container, is provided with three or more baffle plate in container, and baffle plate is divided into different spaces with container, and baffle plate is provided with through hole.
Through hole on the described baffle plate perhaps is evenly distributed on the top or the bottom of plate face for evenly being covered with the entire plate face, perhaps for being evenly distributed on the middle part of plate face.
Be provided with filler in container, filler is separated by baffle plate, is provided with aerating apparatus in the bottom of container.
Described baffle plate detachably is arranged in the container.
Sidewall at container is respectively arranged with water-in and water outlet, also is provided with the water sampling mouth on a sidewall of container.
In addition, the technical solution of the utility model has also adopted a kind of artificial wet land system, comprise water distribution system, the biological bed that links to each other with water distribution system, described biological bed comprises container, be provided with three or more baffle plate in container, baffle plate is divided into different spaces with container, and baffle plate is provided with through hole.
Between water distribution system is with biological, also be connected a suspended substance treatment unit.
Described suspended substance treatment unit is a biological pond.
Also be provided with a biological pond behind the described biological bed, biological pond is connected by the biological bed of pipeline and another.
Be provided with three or more baffle plate in the biological bed of the present utility model, baffle plate is divided into different spaces with container, on the baffle plate lead to the hole site be provided with inequality, through hole on the baffle plate can be for evenly being covered with the entire plate face, also can be evenly distributed on the bottom of plate face, can also be for being evenly distributed on the middle part of plate face, like this, by changing the processing that the different baffle plate of lead to the hole site adapts to different sewage, promptly water body fluidised form in the biological bed is provided with, to form surface current, horizontal drowned flow, kinds of artificial wet land system process combination such as up stream or downstream; The utility model adopts the baffle plate that is provided with through hole, can avoid the formation of dead water region in the biological bed.In addition, artificial wet land system of the present utility model is made up of a plurality of independently wetland units, promptly adopts biological pond and biological bed to be used, and can realize the processing of different sewage.The artificial wet land system of the present utility model ability height of disposing of sewage, and saved investment effectively, link to each other by pipeline between each sewage disposal unit, convenient disassembly, greatly facilitate maintenance and change, have favorable social and economic worth, be easy to apply.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an artificial wet land system structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of biological pond among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of biological bed among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of biological bed Internal baffle among Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of second kind of embodiment of biological bed Internal baffle among Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the third embodiment of biological bed Internal baffle among Fig. 3.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, artificial wet land system of the present utility model, comprise water distribution system, one-level biological pond processing unit, the biological bed of one-level processing unit, two stage biological pool processing unit, two stage biological bed processing unit, each processing unit is that biological pond and biological bed are angle bar and organic plastic plate composite structure, in biological pond and biological bed, be equipped with aerating system, and be placed with filler in the biological bed, plant and be implanted with wetland plant.Be equipped with up and down two water-ins, two water outlets and a bottom evacuated tube up and down on the sidewall of all processing units, all be equipped with aerated conduit at biological pond and biological bed bottom, can be by small-sized aeration pump blast aeration.At the sidewall of two-stage biological bed, branch upper, middle and lower three rows are provided with the water sample layering and gather the aperture, can gather water sample for layering.
In Fig. 1, perforate on the water distribution system 1 close housing of bottom, and connect rising pipe 2; One-level biological pond processing unit 3 front ends are provided with water-in 4 and following water-in 5, and during work, the rising pipe 2 of water distribution system can be connected with last water-in 4 as required, also can be connected with following water-in 5; One-level biological pond processing unit afterbody is established upper water-out mouth 6 and lower outlet 7, and upper water-out mouth 6 and lower outlet 7 can be connected with following water-in 10 with the last water-in 9 of the biological bed of one-level processing unit 8 respectively; The afterbody of the biological bed of one-level processing unit 8 is established upper water-out mouth 11 and lower outlet 12, can be connected with the last water-in 14 and the lower outlet 15 of two stage biological pool processing unit 13 respectively; The afterbody of two stage biological pool processing unit 13 is established upper water-out mouth 16 and lower outlet 17, can be connected with the last water-in 19 and the following water-in 20 of two stage biological bed processing unit 18 respectively; Two stage biological bed processing unit 18 afterbodys are established upper water-out mouth 21 and lower outlet 22, can be for discharging tail water.Each processing unit can realize different water inlets and water-out manners by the connection of rubber hose.
Figure 2 shows that the biological pond processing unit, according to the unitary actual size of biological pond, can on side wall, open pore 23, and dispose aeration tube 24.Ventilator can be communicated with ventilating pit when needing aeration, air can be overflowed by the solarization air cap on the aerating pipelines 25.During equipment claimed emptying, can water body be discharged by the evacuated tube 26 that is located at the bottom.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of biological bed processing unit, according to the actual size of biological bed unit, can open pore 27 on side wall, disposes some aeration tubes 28.Ventilator can be communicated with ventilating pit when needing aeration, air can be overflowed by the solarization air cap on the aerating pipelines 29.When needing emptying, can water body be discharged by the evacuated tube 30 that is located at the bottom.Biological bed unit is provided with slot from feed-water end, to insert the baffle plate 31,32,33 as Fig. 4, Fig. 5, different perforate modes shown in Figure 6, makes up to form different sewage disposal modes.
Wherein, the through hole 311 on the baffle plate 31 shown in Figure 4 has been covered with the entire plate face;
Through hole 321 on the baffle plate 32 shown in Figure 5 is evenly distributed on the middle part of baffle plate plate face;
Through hole 331 on the baffle plate 33 shown in Figure 6 is evenly distributed on the bottom of baffle plate plate face.
During use, the baffle plate of three kinds of different perforate modes can arbitrary combination.
During work, utilize lift pump will need the sewage of purifying treatment to be promoted in the water distribution system 1 of artificial wet land system, the current gravity flow enters one-level biological pond processing unit 3, the biological bed of one-level processing unit 8, two stage biological pool processing unit 13 and two stage biological bed processing unit 18 successively.Two-stage biological pool processing unit can not change the water body fluidised form, and the change of water body fluidised form is mainly by adjusting the direction of water inlet position and biological bed processing unit Internal baffle.If will realize wetland model surface current the time, adopt the operation scheme of upper strata water inlet and upper strata water outlet, promptly the top of the Cai Yonging baffle plate of opening the hole gets final product; If in the time of will realizing horizontal plug-flow, can adopt lower floor's water inlet to cooperate the baffle plate of middle part cross-perforating and lower floor's water outlet to cooperate middle part cross-perforating baffle plate; When realizing downstream, adopt the upper strata water inlet to cooperate upper lateral perforated retainer and lower floor's water outlet to cooperate the lower, transverse perforated retainer.
It should be noted last that: above embodiment is only in order to explanation, and unrestricted the technical solution of the utility model, although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to the foregoing description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: still can make amendment or be equal to replacement the utility model, as change of each processing unit placement location etc., and not breaking away from any modification or partial replacement of spirit and scope of the present utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. one kind biological, it is characterized in that: comprise container, be provided with three or more baffle plate in container, baffle plate is divided into different spaces with container, and baffle plate is provided with through hole.
2. biological bed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the through hole on the described baffle plate perhaps is evenly distributed on the top or the bottom of plate face for evenly being covered with the entire plate face, perhaps for being evenly distributed on the middle part of plate face.
3. biological bed according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: be provided with filler in container, filler is separated by baffle plate, is provided with aerating apparatus and evacuated tube in the bottom of container.
4. biological bed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described baffle plate detachably is arranged in the container.
5. according to arbitrary described biological bed among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: the sidewall at container is respectively arranged with water-in and water outlet, also is provided with the water sampling mouth on a sidewall of container.
6. artificial wet land system, it is characterized in that: comprise water distribution system and the biological bed that links to each other with water distribution system, described biological bed comprises container, is provided with three or more baffle plate in container, baffle plate is divided into different spaces with container, and baffle plate is provided with through hole.
7. artificial wet land system according to claim 6 is characterized in that: also be connected a suspended substance treatment unit between water distribution system is with biological.
8. artificial wet land system according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described suspended substance treatment unit is a biological pond.
9. artificial wet land system according to claim 8 is characterized in that: also be provided with a biological pond behind the described biological bed, biological pond is connected by the biological bed of pipeline and another.
CN2009202235491U 2009-09-17 2009-09-17 Biological bed and constructed wetland system Expired - Lifetime CN201495136U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202235491U CN201495136U (en) 2009-09-17 2009-09-17 Biological bed and constructed wetland system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202235491U CN201495136U (en) 2009-09-17 2009-09-17 Biological bed and constructed wetland system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201495136U true CN201495136U (en) 2010-06-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202235491U Expired - Lifetime CN201495136U (en) 2009-09-17 2009-09-17 Biological bed and constructed wetland system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201495136U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103663676A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-03-26 曾永刚 Power-free aerobic biological treatment method for rural domestic sewage
CN104291447A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-21 东联(上海)创意设计发展有限公司 Moisturizing system for wetland park
CN105174540A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-23 潍坊沃华水处理设备有限公司 Sewage treatment device for oral/dental clinic

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103663676A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-03-26 曾永刚 Power-free aerobic biological treatment method for rural domestic sewage
CN103663676B (en) * 2014-01-02 2016-04-20 曾永刚 The method of a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas is unpowered Aerobic biological process
CN104291447A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-21 东联(上海)创意设计发展有限公司 Moisturizing system for wetland park
CN105174540A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-23 潍坊沃华水处理设备有限公司 Sewage treatment device for oral/dental clinic

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Granted publication date: 20100602

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