CN201478983U - Permanent magnetic coupling device of cylindrical transmission shaft - Google Patents

Permanent magnetic coupling device of cylindrical transmission shaft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201478983U
CN201478983U CN200920160260XU CN200920160260U CN201478983U CN 201478983 U CN201478983 U CN 201478983U CN 200920160260X U CN200920160260X U CN 200920160260XU CN 200920160260 U CN200920160260 U CN 200920160260U CN 201478983 U CN201478983 U CN 201478983U
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coupling
magnetic
rotor tube
armature winding
permanent magnet
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余亚莉
林贵生
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余亚莉
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a permanent magnetic coupling device of a cylindrical transmission shaft, consisting of at least one group of components, at least one pair of outer rotor cylinder coupling mechanisms, at least one pair of inner rotor cylinder coupling mechanisms and a corresponding input coupler and a corresponding output coupler, wherein each group of components have two outer rotor cylinders and two inner rotor cylinders which are embedded and coupled with a permanent air gap magnetic field; the at least one pair of the inner rotor cylinder coupling mechanisms are adaptive to the outer rotor cylinders; the at least one pair of the inner rotor cylinder coupling mechanisms are adaptive to the inner rotor cylinders; the adjacent corresponding positions of the outer rotor cylinders and the inner rotor cylinders are provided and assembled with at least one of two types of permanent magnetic coupling components of radial air-gap magnetic field and permanent magnetic coupling components of axial air-gap magnetic field; and the outer rotor cylinder and the inner rotor cylinder are coupled with the corresponding input coupler or the corresponding output coupler by the corresponding and adaptive rotor cylinder coupling mechanisms. The permanent magnetic coupling device is characterized by having higher transmission efficiency, simple and reliable structure, convenient installation, severe environment resistance, shaft eccentricity tolerance and load isolation, reducing vibration and noise, prolonging the service life of equipment and the like, and also has the advantages of no damage on a motor and no influence on power network safety.

Description

A kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft
Technical field
The utility model relates to that motor drags, load governing system field, particularly a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft.
Background technology
At present, the energy-saving and cost-reducing emphasis of whole society's concern and the target of scientific development of having become.The electric system power consumption accounts for 60% of global power consumption, and wherein the power consumption of blower fan, pump class, compressor and air conditioner refrigerating device accounts for 10.4%, 20.9%, 9.4% and 6% of global power consumption respectively.The electric system amount is big, wide, and energy conservation potential is huge.From domestic, about 4.2 hundred million kilowatts of existing all kinds of electric system total installations of generating capacity, operational efficiency are equivalent to about 1,500 hundred million kilowatt hours of annual waste electric energy than low 10---20 percentage point of external advanced level.Motor and low by driven equipment efficient, the outmoded backwardnesss of equipment such as motor, blower fan, pump, efficient is than low 2---5 percentage point of external advanced level; System matches is unreasonable, and " low load with strong power " phenomenon is serious, the long-term underrun of equipment; System's regulative mode falls behind, and most of blower fan, pump class adopt mechanical throttle style to regulate, and efficient is lower approximately more than 30% than mode of speed regulation.
In actual engineering design and in using, blower fan or water pump system satisfy the output requirement in order to guarantee to load maximum, usually need to be equipped with the blower fan water pump system, and in the real practicality, be not to need system under full load, to use in most cases by the maximum fan-out capability of system.Can realize the continuous control of flow and/or pressure by regulating air gap, replace the valve of control flow in the original system and/or pressure, under the constant situation of motor speed, regulate the rotating speed of blower fan or water pump, meet the proportionality law of centrifugal load.When output flow and/or pressure minimizing, power of motor sharply descends, and has reduced energy demand, thereby has saved the energy widely.Therefore, in the motor driving system field, power transmission coupling, speed governing and power-saving technology are permanent research and development problems.
The state of the art of present several traditional modes of speed regulation of using always:
The tandem control technology can reclaim slip power, but it is not suitable for the mouse-cage type asynchronous machine, must change motor; Can not realize soft start, start-up course is very complicated; Starting current is big; Speed adjustable range is limited; Low-response is difficult for realizing closed-loop control; Power factor and efficient are low, and with the rapid decline of turning down of rotating speed; Be difficult to realize the cooperation of same PLC, DCS dispatch control system, unhelpful to the integrated automation degree and the realization optimal control that improve device; Greatly electrical network is disturbed because of control device more complicated, harmonic pollution simultaneously; Further limit its use, belonged to backward technology.Electromagnetism slip destage device speed adjusting technique, by the control of electromagnetic clutch exciting current being realized the speed regulation to its magnetic pole, this system generally also adopts speed closed loop control.The whole slip powers of this governing system all are consumed, exchange the reduction of rotating speed for the consumption that increases slip power, revolutional slip increases, and slip power also increases, and consumes in rotor circuit with the heating form, make system effectiveness also decrease, it is wideer that this class governing system exists speed adjustable range, and slip power is bigger, the system effectiveness low problem that heals, the control device that matches is also comparatively complicated, so be unworthy advocating.
The fluid coupling speed adjusting technique belongs to the poor efficiency mode of speed regulation, and speed adjustable range is limited, and about 5%---10% throws switch at a high speed, the low speed slip loss is big, reaches as high as more than 30% of rated power, and precision is low, poor linearity, low-response, starting current is big, and device is big, is not suitable for transforming; Easily leakage, safeguard complicated, expense is big, can not satisfy the needs that improve device integrated automation level.
Variable-frequency control technique is to use commonplace and relative advanced technology at present, adopts power electronic technology to realize the speed of motor is regulated, and can effectively control automatically according to actual condition, can realize certain energy-saving effect.But frequency conversion equipment easily produces harmonic wave, and big-power transducer is very big to the harmonic pollution of electrical network; It requires also to compare " enervated " to space environment, needs air conditioner surroundings; Failure rate height under the hyperbaric environment, poor stability, frequency conversion speed-adjusting system needs the professional to safeguard, and damageable spare parts needs to change the maintenance cost height often, speed adjustable range is little, particularly big to motor infringement when its low cruise, need to be equipped with corresponding variable-frequency motor, for the above high pressure of 6000V commonly used and 50 kilowatts--the frequency converter of-10000 kilowatts of models, it costs an arm and a leg, and owner's total cost is very big.
Permanent magnetism coupling and speed adjusting technique, permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or driving and speed governing are that the most advanced, that further research and develop energetically at present motor drags and speed adjusting technique.Major advantage shows: 1. energy-conservation, can stepless adjustment rotating speed, and speed adjustable range is at 0---98%; 2. simple in structure; 3. the reliability height is installed easily, is not afraid of adverse circumstances, and the life-span reached more than 25 years; 4. soft start, motor starts under zero load fully, significantly reduces starting current; 5. be not afraid of stall, be not afraid of the impulse type load, protection motor, mechanical seal; 6. tolerate eccentric shaft, have load isolation, lower vibration, noise; 7. prolong equipment life, increase inaction interval, reduce maintenance needs; 8. do not have harmonic wave harm, do not injure motor, do not influence power grid security; 9. there is not Electromagnetic Interference; 10. owner's total cost is lower.
Known permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or drive mechanism are, referring to United States Patent (USP) NO.5477094, conductor rotor dish and p-m rotor dish have relative motion, when the conductor rotor dish rotates cutting magnetic line in the alternating magnetic field that the p-m rotor dish produces, can form inductive loop, this eddy current produces reverse induction magnetic field conversely, the magnetic field interaction that this induced field and p-m rotor dish produce, make and produce the magnetic moment of torsion between conductor rotor dish and the permanent magnet rotor dish, stop the relative motion of conductor rotor dish and p-m rotor dish, just made up the drive mechanism of a magnetic moment of torsion like this between conductor rotor dish and the p-m rotor dish, a rotor disk drives another rotor disk and rotates in the same way, and then the drive load rotates.According to this working mechanism, permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or drive unit are set between the motor shaft bearing axle corresponding with it, on motor (or load) axle copper conductor rotor disk is set, correspondence is provided with the p-m rotor dish on load (or motor) axle, because during the motor rotation, drive copper conductor rotor disk cutting magnetic line in the high-intensity magnetic field that the p-m rotor dish is produced, thereby in the copper conductor rotor disk, produce eddy current, this eddy current produces dislike magnetic field conversely around the copper conductor rotor disk, stop the relative motion of copper conductor rotor disk and p-m rotor dish, thereby realized torque transfer or driving between motor and the load.All manufacture and design about permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or driving and speed regulator product in the market according to this working mechanism and technical scheme, relevant series of products of U.S. Magnadrive Corp. for example, also be a kind of permanent magnetism coupling and speed regulator product up-to-date release, unique on the present world market, be subjected to the approval and the welcome in market; But, owing to its permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or the mechanism of driving and the reason of conductor rotor dish configuration aspects, under the equal conditions that size, air-gap separation, axle rotating speed and the speed discrepancy of conductor rotor dish and p-m rotor dish are determined, the magnetic torque through-put power that unit volume can provide is also smaller, permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or drive that efficient is also lower, caloric value is bigger causes the permanent magnetism coupling and the manufacturing and designing of speed regulating device of super high power to be subjected to cost and technology limitation.Because a large amount of heat radiations on the metal conductor plate, cause the radiator that complicated large volume must be set thereon, in order to improve the unit volume through-put power capacity of permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or drive unit, relevant heat dissipation technology has also become design to produce a technical bottleneck of permanent magnetism coupling series of products.According to investigations, adopt the permanent magnetism coupling or the speed regulator product of present known solution, under 750 rev/mins of conditions, the power maximum of coupling of Wind-cooling type permanent magnetism or speed regulator can only be accomplished about 130 kilowatts, under 1500 rev/mins of conditions, the power maximum of coupling of Wind-cooling type permanent magnetism or speed regulator can only accomplish that about 300 kilowatts, it is applied and is greatly limited.
The utility model has made up a kind of novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer mechanism and novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transmission structure thereof, proposed to regulate the new method of transfer of torque or regulating load speed, and merge multinomial suitable advanced technology and design concept, designed a kind of brand-new permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, to improve and to overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of present permanent magnetism coupling and speed regulator product, the restriction of defective and correlation technique bottleneck, can improve permanent magnetism is coupled and the unit volume of speed regulator product can provide torque transfer or driving power greatly, and improve the magnetic torque transfer greatly or drive efficient, reduce caloric value, effectively solve many-sided technical problem that present permanent magnetism coupling and speed regulator product exist in design and production process, more advanced for designing, more powerful permanent magnetism coupling and speed regulator product provide important, the technical support of core and technical scheme; All making great efforts energy-saving and emission-reduction, advocating under the background of scientific development in the whole world, an urgent demand is conceived permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or drive mechanism and technical scheme thereof with reforming and is redesigned, to address the above problem, adapt to the motor driving system field to advanced person's the power coupled transfer and the urgent need of speed adjusting technique.
Summary of the invention
The design people finds, in known power transmission shaft permanent magnetism couple drive or speed adjusting technique and products thereof, have following some outstanding problem: 1. the magnetic torque transfer efficient of permanent magnetism coupling technique scheme is low, because the inductive loop that is produced on the conductor rotor dish does not have the flow direction of setting and the scrambling of conductor disc interior microscopic metal structure, they must be disorderly, inconsistent and not have the limit that fact of case also is like this; Equally, because the magnetic field that inductive loop produced does not have the magnetic flux path of setting yet, in the magnetic coupling process, will cancel out each other by some adjacent and that direction is opposite or mixed and disorderly induced field that inductive loop produced, and because the magnetic flux path that does not have to set also causes the density of induced flux to be disperseed, causing a large amount of induction electric energies and magnetic energy to be dissipated on the conductor disc or to fail makes full use of, make conductor rotor dish heating and cause a series of comparatively serious consequences, such as: temperature raises, the conductor resistance rate increases, inductive loop reduces, the magnetic moment of torsion also and then reduces, and magnetic torque transfer or driving efficient are not high; Temperature raises, and the demagnetization effects of permanent magnet also can be quickened, and causes the working life of permanent magnetism coupling and speed regulator also to reduce, and closely must take more advanced cooling measure to dispel the heat, and the difficulty of further doing big magnetic coupler power strengthens, and product cost is high.2. the structure of permanent magnetism coupling technique scheme is single, present known power transmission shaft permanent magnetism couple drive or speed adjusting technique and products thereof all are to be coupling object with axial air-gap magnetic field, utilize the conductor cutting axis to produce the axial induction magnetic field of eddy current and generation and former FR to permanent magnetic field, form magnetic moment of torsion coupled transfer between axial permanent magnetic magnetic field and the reverse axial induction magnetic field, promptly constituted the permanent magnetism coupling assembly in a kind of axial air-gap magnetic field between conductor and the permanent magnet; Owing to only adopt the permanent magnetism coupling assembly in single axial air-gap magnetic field, make product structure single, the technical advantage performance of permanent magnetism coupling is abundant inadequately, causes the power capacity of product unit volume can not be too big.3. the heat dissipation technology of Cai Yonging is relatively backward, traditional blade type radiator and the water-cooling system of main employing carried out radiating treatment in present known power transmission shaft permanent magnetism couple drive or speed adjusting technique and products thereof, not only radiating efficiency is not high, because the limitation of configuration aspects, there is the heat dissipation problem of a lot of heat generating components to can not get handling or handles not in placely, cause the power capacity of product unit volume can not be too big.These outstanding problems and technological deficiency have limited the development of permanent magnetism coupling technique product to a great extent and have applied, for overcoming the above-mentioned working mechanism of permanent magnetic coupling, the problem that technical scheme and configuration aspects thereof exist, the utility model has made up a kind of novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer mechanism and novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transmission structure thereof, a kind of new method of regulating transfer of torque or regulating load speed has been proposed, and merge multinomial suitable advanced technology and design concept, designed a kind of novel cylindrical transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling technique scheme:
A kind of novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer mechanism: according to electromagnetism and Electrical Motor principle, when there is revolutional slip (under the differential state) in armature winding between rotation or the two in the permanent magnetism air-gap field that set of permanent magnets makes up and produces, armature winding is because of cutting permanent magnetism air-gap field induced electromotive force, the direction of induced electromotive force is determined by the right-hand rule, two effective edges of armature winding coil are distinguished the opposite magnetic field of cutting magnetic field direction simultaneously, the electromotive force at armature winding coil two ends is summations of all series conductor induced electromotive forces in two effective edges, when the head end of armature winding coil forms closed circuit with end, under the effect of armature winding coil rotary inductive electromotive force, produce induced current in the armature winding coil, faradic direction is identical with the direction of induced electromotive force, the operation principle of Here it is permanent magnet generator; On the other hand, according to left hand rule, current-carrying armature winding is subjected to active force in former permanent magnetism air-gap field, and the direction of this active force determines that according to left hand rule direction is opposite with the direction of armature winding rotation, forms the opplied moment with direction of rotation; Also can use the explanation of electromagnetism torsion theory, be induced current in the armature winding produce one with the opposite induced field in former air gap magnetic field, two magnetic field interactions produce electromagnetic torque, reach the purpose of transmitting electromagnetic torque between armature winding and the set of permanent magnets mutually.
A kind of novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transmission structure: according to above-mentioned new power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transporting mechanism, we make up a kind of so novel power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transmission structure, armature winding embeds in the armature slot of rotor disk, the short circuit loop of each armature coil head end of while and terminal short circuit mutually, formation closed in itself, so that " generating " also produces electric current in armature coil, be made into the armature winding dish, be annulus plate-like or tubular (tubulose); Accordingly, permanent magnet in one group of permanent magnet is arranged on the armature winding dish to become on the annulus plate-like or tubular (tubulose) circumference of the corresponding rotor disk of coupling with N, S polarity alternately, evenly distributedly, form axially or radially staggered permanent magnetic field, be made into the permanent magnetism body disc; Armature winding one side of armature winding dish and permanent magnet one side of permanent magnetism body disc are coupled, be installed on respectively on driving shaft (power shaft) and the bearing axle (output shaft) with same shaft centre line ground, air gap ground, interval, when driving shaft drove the rotation of one of them rotor disk, they had just constituted a permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transmission or Drive Structure together as can be known according to above-mentioned.The size of the air-gap separation between armature winding dish and the permanent magnetism body disc or coupling area little big, determining to transmit between them the little big of electromagnetic torque, under the situation constant at the driving disc spacing pressing rotating speed, that other condition is identical, this air-gap separation is big more or the air gap coupling area is more little, and the electromagnetic torque of transmission is more little; This air-gap separation is more little or the air gap coupling area is big more, and the electromagnetic torque of transmission is big more.That is to say, regulate air-gap separation or regulate the air gap coupling area and can reach adjusting transmission electromagnetic torque, near and reach the purpose of regulating load rotating speed, and the whichever rotor disk as driving disc spacing pressing still as driven disc, they all can carry out the transmission of magnetic coupling electromagnetic torque or drive; Armature winding dish and permanent magnetism body disc can be made into the permanent magnetism coupling assembly in the axial air-gap magnetic field of dull and stereotyped collar plate shape, perhaps are made into the permanent magnetism coupling assembly in the radial air gap magnetic field of sleeve (or sleeve pipe) type; The breath spacing or the air gap coupling area that are provided with or regulate between armature winding dish and the permanent magnetism body disc can realize that load system soft start function, load stall are from unloading function, regulating transfer of torque function or load speed-regulating function.
A kind of novel cylindrical transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling technique scheme: the design people finds, in power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer, not only can utilize axial air-gap magnetic field to realize the magnetic coupling torque transfer, simultaneously also can adopt radial air gap magnetic field to realize the magnetic coupling torque transfer, constitute the permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer structure (or being the permanent magnetism coupling assembly) in radial air gap magnetic field.The efficient of the permanent magnetism coupling assembly in radial air gap magnetic field is higher, more reasonable structure, has more superiority; It in common, most widely used motor and generator techniques the magnetic moment of torsion coupling between the radial air gap magnetic field that utilizes between the rotor, the magnetic coupling assembly that is typical alternation radial air gap magnetic field constitutes, realized the mutual conversion between electric energy and the mechanical energy, associated magnetic coupling theory, technology and product of while developed into ultimate attainment, and motor product is everywhere.This shows, adopt radial air gap magnetic field to realize permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer, realize that power transmission shaft permanent magnetism couple drive and speed governing have mathematical technological rationality, very high technological value and economic worth.Since realize that magnetic-coupled frame mode is a kind of incessantly, and each all has merits and demerits, so just should learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses, have complementary advantages, and sets up a kind of technical scheme of brand new, overcomes the deficiency and the defective of existing known technology.For this reason, the design people has made up a kind of novel cylindrical transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupled structure, concrete technical scheme is, it comprises at least one permanent magnetism coupling assembly, conductor/armature winding dish formation that each permanent magnetism coupling assembly has a permanent magnetism body disc at least and is coupled with it, permanent magnetism body disc and conductor/armature winding dish respectively accordingly, with same shaft centre line ground, be coupled or/and axial air-gap magnetic field is arranged on the internal rotor tube or external rotor tube of the assembling that is coupled with being coupled with radial air gap magnetic field, internal rotor tube or external rotor tube are installed on respectively on driving shaft (power shaft) and the bearing axle (output shaft), when driving shaft drove the rotation of one of them rotor drum, they had just constituted a permanent magnetism coupling electromagnetic torque transmission or Drive Structure together as can be known according to above-mentioned.External rotor tube and internal rotor tube have following three kinds of magnetic moment of torsion coupled structure forms, and the firstth, conductor/armature winding dish only is set on the external rotor tube, the internal rotor tube only is provided with the permanent magnetism body disc; The secondth, permanent magnetism permanent magnetism body disc only is set on the external rotor tube, the internal rotor tube only is provided with conductor/armature winding dish; The 3rd is to be provided with conductor/armature winding dish and permanent magnetism body disc on the external rotor tube simultaneously, with it on the Pei Zhuan internal rotor tube accordingly coupling position permanent magnetism body disc and conductor/armature winding dish are set respectively; The utility model also can be divided into double-layer sleeve structure form and multi-layer sleeve structure form, and the end of double layer sleeve barrel and multi-layer sleeve structure can be provided with the permanent magnetism coupling assembly in axial air-gap magnetic field as required.Conductor/armature winding dish has two kinds, and a kind of is the armature winding dish, and the differential coupling generates induced current between armature winding and the permanent magnet in armature winding, and opposing magnetic field that induced current produces and permanent magnetic field are realized the magnetic coupling torque transfer; Another kind is a conductor disc, and the differential coupling generates inductive loop between metal conductor plate and the permanent magnet in metallic conductor, and opposing magnetic field that inductive loop produces and permanent magnetic field are realized the magnetic coupling torque transfer; For ease of narration of the present utility model and explanation, conductor disc and armature winding dish are referred to as conductor/armature winding dish, conductor disc and armature winding dish match to be coupled with the permanent magnetism body disc respectively and form two kinds of permanent magnetism coupling assemblies, and correspondence is called conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly and armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly respectively.
A kind of new method of regulating transfer of torque or loading speed size: the method for known adjusting magnetic torque is that the air-gap separation size of regulating between permanent magnetism body disc and the conductor/armature winding dish realizes, it is the intensity size that is cut magnetic field according to regulating, can be directly reflected into the magnetic field intensity of induced field, and directly show the size of magnetic moment of torsion.We can regulate the size that the size of air gap coupling area between permanent magnetism body disc and the conductor/armature winding dish realizes regulating the magnetic moment of torsion equally, mechanism is very simple, because, coupling area directly reflects the area of conductor or armature winding cutting magnetic field, coupling area is big more to mean that the magnetic field of cutting is many more, induced field is also strong more, and the magnetic moment of torsion is big more; Mean that the magnetic field of cutting is few more otherwise coupling area is more for a short time, induced field is also weak more, and the magnetic moment of torsion is big more; Therefore the size that can utilize the size of regulating air gap coupling area between permanent magnetism body disc and the conductor/armature winding dish to realize regulating the magnetic moment of torsion reaches the purpose of regulating load speed.This adjusting magnetic torque or reconcile is applied in the novel below permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft technical scheme of the method for loading speed and embodies, what can see and particularly point out be, in novel permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, regulate air-gap separation and regulate the air gap coupling area convenient and simple equally, and exist at the same time in the device of radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly and axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly, only need one simply, directly regulate action, just can be at an easy rate, the reliable purpose that realizes the regulating load rotating speed apace.
In sum, core of the present utility model is to have proposed a kind of new power transmission shaft permanent magnetism coupling torque transfer or driven working mechanism, and use this working mechanism, merge advanced known technology, made up a kind of new permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft and the technical scheme of relevant primary clustering or modular construction thereof, concrete technical scheme of the present utility model is as follows:
A kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, it is by the external rotor tube and the internal rotor cartridge module of at least one group every group two mutually nested permanent magnetism air-gap field couplings, the external rotor tube coupling body that at least one pair and external rotor tube are suitable, internal rotor tube coupling body that at least one pair and internal rotor tube are suitable and corresponding input shaft coupling and output shaft joint constitute, the rotor drum that is provided with the most close shaft centre line barrel is the internal rotor tube, another nested with it rotor drum is called the external rotor tube, internal rotor tube and external rotor tube have equal or the unequal barrel number of plies, external rotor tube and internal rotor tube can be around same shaft centre line rotations, be provided with and assemble the one kind of at least permanent magnetism coupling assembly in two kinds of radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assemblies and the axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly on the adjacent correspondence position of external rotor tube and internal rotor tube, the external rotor tube links with corresponding input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling by suitable external rotor tube coupling body, the internal rotor tube by suitable internal rotor tube coupling body with corresponding output shaft coupling or import shaft coupling and link.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, the external rotor tube and the internal rotor cartridge module of described one group two mutually nested permanent magnetism air-gap field couplings, external rotor tube wherein is respectively arranged with the adaptive mutually barrel nested with intersection of one deck at least with the internal rotor tube, between the barrel of adjacent nested inner and outer rotors tube at least one secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly is set, radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc in every secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly and radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish correspondence respectively are arranged on suitable, nested and be used for the adjacent barrel of radial air gap magnetic field coupling, between the two secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assemblies axially spaced-apart distance is set, radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly by the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc of cylindric or pipe shape and radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish in the suit mode, the coupling of radial air gap magnetic field is equipped to form, radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc wherein is made up of the radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc of one group two radial magnetic field permanent magnets and assembling radial magnetic field permanent magnet at least, the stripping and slicing shape of the rectangular or strip of radial magnetic field permanent magnet or cut column, be used for carrying and installing the radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc employing iron yoke permeability magnetic material making of radial magnetic field set of permanent magnets, be cylindric or the pipe shape, inlay evenly distributedly on the barrel of radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc or the tube wall circumferential ring or card dress radial magnetic field permanent magnet, the radial magnetic field permanent magnet is respectively with N, S polarity is arranged alternately, form radially staggered permanent magnetic field, radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish wherein is made up of radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding mounting disc that at least one radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding and being used to assembles radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding, radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish also is cylindric or the pipe shape, and with radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc with the suitable coupling in radial air gap magnetic field ground suit, radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish has two kinds, a kind of is the radial magnetic field conductor disc, it is to make one section conductor tube or conductor tube with metallic conductor or superconductor material, again this section conductor tube or conductor tube are fixedly mounted or are installed to a side of radial magnetic field conductor mounting disc and become the radial magnetic field conductor disc, radial magnetic field conductor disc and radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc coupling assembling constitute radial magnetic field conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly, conductor/the armature winding dish is a radial magnetic field armature winding rotating disk to another kind of radial magnetic field, one group of radial magnetic field armature winding is embedded or is assemblied in the axial armature groove of radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc one side setting and become radial magnetic field armature winding rotating disk, radial magnetic field armature winding rotating disk and radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc coupling assembling constitute radial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly, the shape of single radial magnetic field armature winding is corresponding with the cross sectional shape of radial magnetic field permanent magnet, rectangular or strip, single radial magnetic field armature winding has following five kinds of selective organization plans, first multiturn type radial magnetic field armature winding, each multiturn type radial magnetic field armature winding has two turn insulation good conductor coilings and head end and terminal short circuit at least, it two is circle and circle independence insulated type radial magnetic field armature winding, each circle and circle independence insulated type radial magnetic field armature winding have the separate insulation of two circles at least, every circle is the closed loop short circuit, the coil that size shape is identical constitutes and is bundled into a branch of, it three is a multi-core type radial magnetic field armature winding, multi-core type radial magnetic field armature winding is the individual pen closed loop short-circuited coil made from multiply or the good lead of multicore, it four is squirrel-cage armature windings, it is made up of the metal sliver that is embedded in the axial armature groove, the two ends of metal sliver join together with the metal ring at two ends respectively, form the integrated radial magnetic field armature winding of the short circuit of closed in itself, be similar to the squirrel-cage armature winding in the motor, it five is a superconduction radial magnetic field armature winding, the difference of it and above-mentioned four kinds of radial magnetic field armature winding is to adopt super conducting wire material or superconduction composite conductor material to form, the mounting disc of radial magnetic field armature winding is by high magnetic conduction, iron yoke or core material process, the one side protrude one with the suitable cylinder ring of radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc, equally distributed axial armature groove is set on the cylinder ring, one deck radial magnetic field armature winding is set in the armature slot at least, and the quantity and the size of permanent magnet are suitable according to " the adaptive principle of groove number " of motor on the quantity of the number of radial magnetic field armature winding and shape and armature slot and flute profile mutually adaptive or armature slot and the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, the external rotor tube and the internal rotor cartridge module of described one group two mutually nested permanent magnetism air-gap field couplings, wherein internal rotor tube barrel end with corresponding external rotor tube end wall or/and extend between the outer rim annulus position axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly be set, or/and its external rotor tube barrel end with corresponding its internal rotor tube barrel portion or/and extend between the outer rim annulus position axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly be set, axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly is formed so that the coupling of axial air-gap magnetic field is equipped by flat board discoid or circular axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc and axial conductor/armature winding dish, axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc wherein is made up of the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body mounting disc of one group two axial magnetic field permanent magnet bodies and assembling axial magnetic field permanent magnet body at least, the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body is rectangular, fan-shaped or trapezoidal stripping and slicing shape or cut column, be used for carrying and installing the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body mounting disc employing iron yoke permeability magnetic material making of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body group, inlay evenly distributedly on the circumferential ring of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body mounting disc or card dress axial magnetic field permanent magnet body, the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body is respectively with N, S polarity is arranged alternately, form axially staggered permanent magnetic field, axial conductor/armature winding dish wherein is by at least one axial conductor/armature winding and be used for assembled shaft and form to the axial conductor/armature winding mounting disc of conductor/armature winding, axially conductor/armature winding dish is dull and stereotyped discoid or annulus plate-like, axially conductor/armature winding dish has two kinds, a kind of is axial conductor disc, it is plane conductor disk or the conductor annulus made from metallic conductor or superconductor material, a side that mounts or be installed to axial conductor mounting disc forms, axially the coupling of conductor disc and axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc is equipped with and constitutes axial conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly, it is another kind of that axially conductor/the armature winding dish is an axial magnetic field armature winding dish, one group of axial magnetic field armature winding is embedded or is assemblied in the radially armature slot of axial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc one side setting and form, axial magnetic field armature winding dish and the equipped formation of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc coupling axial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly, the shape of single axial magnetic field armature winding is corresponding with the cross sectional shape of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body, rectangular, fan-shaped or trapezoidal, single axial magnetic field armature winding has following five kinds of selective organization plans, first multiturn profile shaft is to magnetic field armature winding, each multiturn profile shaft has two turn insulation good conductor coilings and head end and terminal short circuit at least to magnetic field armature winding, it two is circle and circle independence insulated type axial magnetic field armature winding, each circle and circle independence insulated type axial magnetic field armature winding have the separate insulation of two circles at least, every circle is the closed loop short circuit, the coil that size shape is identical constitutes and is bundled into a branch of, it three is a multi-core type axial magnetic field armature winding, multi-core type axial magnetic field armature winding is the individual pen closed loop short-circuited coil made from multiply or the good lead of multicore, it four is a pot grate formula armature winding, it is made up of the metal sliver that is embedded in the armature slot radially, the two ends of metal sliver join together with outer toroid and interior annulus respectively, form the integrated axial magnetic field armature winding of the short circuit of closed in itself, its shape appears in the circular pan grid that steamed bun is used in the pot, it five is a superconduction axial magnetic field armature winding, the difference of it and above-mentioned four kinds of axial magnetic field armature winding is to adopt super conducting wire material or superconduction composite conductor material to form, the mounting disc of axial magnetic field armature winding is by high magnetic conduction, iron yoke or core material process, the one side protrude one with the suitable disk ring of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc, equally distributed radially armature slot is set on the disk ring, one deck axial magnetic field armature winding is set in the armature slot at least, the quantity of the number of axial magnetic field armature winding and shape and armature slot and flute profile are adaptive mutually, and the quantity and the size of permanent magnet are suitable on armature slot and the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, in being provided with the rotor drum assembly of two-layer and two-layer above permanent magnetism coupling assembly, layer with layer between radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly be furnished with three kinds of selection schemes, one of scheme is to arrange by leaning against in proper order privately of " radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc---radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish ", two of scheme is in turn to arrange by the order of " radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc ", three of scheme is that the hybrid mode of " radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc---radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish; radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc " is arranged, the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc that adjacent two layers and two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body discs arranging with " back-to-back " can being integrally combined two sides be coupled, in the rotor drum assembly that is provided with one deck and the permanent magnetism coupling assembly more than one deck, secondary and the two secondary above permanent magnetism coupling assemblies of in each layer two, its permanent magnetism body disc and conductor/armature winding dish is coupling and of the same race respectively in pairs, alternately or mix and be laid on the internal rotor tube barrel that is nested disorderly or on the external rotor tube barrel.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining external rotor tube coupling body has two kinds of organization plans selective between external rotor tube and corresponding input shaft coupling or the output shaft coupling, first tubular or mouse cage shape structure, input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling are arranged on the middle shaft position of tubular or mouse cage shape structure one end, the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the suitable barrel or machine cage wall of tubular or mouse cage shape structure, it two is that the shaft core position of the end wall of external rotor tube or its shaft coupling parts directly is provided with input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body has five kinds of organization plans for corresponding adaptive selections between internal rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, the firstth, the central minor axis structure, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation adaptedly in the inside of the utility model device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between internal rotor tube and the central minor axis, the secondth, non-circular central minor axis structure, shaft position is provided with the non-circular central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of the utility model device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of non-circular central minor axis, the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts are provided with the non-circular shaft hole suitable with non-circular central minor axis, suitable non-circular central minor axis axle sleeve is set in the non-circular shaft hole, the internal rotor tube is all to be assemblied in axially slidably on the non-circular central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between internal rotor tube and the non-circular central minor axis, on non-circular central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding internal rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for internal rotor drum adjusting position and to the internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely, the 3rd is the sliding bumper structure of central minor axis and torque transfer, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of the utility model device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, on the central minor axis, between two rotor drum assemblies or appropriate location is fixed with at least one central turnplate, evenly distribute on the circumference of central turnplate at least two sliding thick sticks of torque transfer that axially run through all internal rotor tubes securely are installed, the sliding thick stick circular hole that the end wall of internal rotor tube or its shaft coupling parts are provided with center hole and the sliding thick stick of corresponding torque transfer and are used for installing by the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, be provided with axle sleeve in the sliding thick stick circular hole, the internal rotor tube is installed on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer by the sliding thick stick circular hole axle sleeve on it, the internal rotor tube, the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, form the torque drive structure between central turnplate and the central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding internal rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for internal rotor drum adjusting position and to the internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, the 4th is that central minor axis or non-circular central minor axis in above-mentioned three kinds of schemes is hollow, the 5th is direct draw bail, and the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all directly or by suitable output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are installed on bearing axle or the driving shaft.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body has two kinds of organization plans selective between internal rotor tube and corresponding input shaft coupling or the output shaft coupling, first tubular or mouse cage shape structure, input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling are arranged on the middle shaft position of tubular or mouse cage shape structure one end, the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the suitable barrel or machine cage wall of tubular or mouse cage shape structure, it two is that the shaft core position of the end wall of internal rotor tube or its shaft coupling parts directly is provided with input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling, be used for that joining external rotor tube coupling body has five kinds of organization plans for corresponding adaptive selections between external rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, the firstth, the central minor axis structure, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation adaptedly in the inside of the utility model device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between external rotor tube and the central minor axis, the secondth, non-circular central minor axis structure, shaft position is provided with the non-circular central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of the utility model device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of non-circular central minor axis, the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts are provided with the non-circular shaft hole suitable with non-circular central minor axis, suitable non-circular central minor axis axle sleeve is set in the non-circular shaft hole, the internal rotor tube is all to be assemblied in axially slidably on the non-circular central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between external rotor tube and the non-circular central minor axis, on non-circular central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding external rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for external rotor drum adjusting position and to the external rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely, the 3rd is the sliding bumper structure of central minor axis and torque transfer, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of the utility model device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, on the central minor axis, between two rotor drum assemblies or appropriate location is fixed with at least one central turnplate, evenly distribute on the circumference of central turnplate at least two sliding thick sticks of torque transfer that axially run through all external rotor tubes securely are installed, the sliding thick stick circular hole that the end wall of external rotor tube or its shaft coupling parts are provided with center hole and the sliding thick stick of corresponding torque transfer and are used for installing by the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, be provided with axle sleeve in the sliding thick stick circular hole, the external rotor tube is installed on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer by the sliding thick stick circular hole axle sleeve on it, the external rotor tube, the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, form the torque drive structure between central turnplate and the central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding external rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for external rotor drum adjusting position and to the external rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, the 4th is that central minor axis or non-circular central minor axis in above-mentioned three kinds of schemes is hollow, the 5th is direct draw bail, and the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all directly or by suitable output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are installed on bearing axle or the driving shaft.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, on described external rotor tube and the internal rotor tube, do not place in a side of conductor/armature winding and/or this device and install on other heat generating components, fixing or equipped matched radiator, fin or composite type complex art radiating subassembly, composite type complex art radiating subassembly is to adopt three kinds of air-cooled technical parts, at least wherein the assembly that organically blends of two kinds of technical patterns among rotation heat pipe technology component and the Water Cooling Technology system is provided with ventilating opening on the heat dissipation ventilation passage component corresponding to radiator or fin, wind hole or heat eliminating medium path.
Aforesaid a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, the outer setting of this device has dust cover or setting to have security protection and prevents machine cage or the casing that reveal in magnetic field, they and this device are outermost, only link with external rotor tube and one of them joining assembly of internal rotor tube, perhaps with adaptive radiating subassembly or the cooling system formula structure that combines together, perhaps the machine cage, casing or dust cover setting or merge in addition to this device, on the support or bearing that motor or load are provided with, support or bearing are horizontal type structure or vertical structure.
In the technique scheme, the manufacturing materials of permanent magnetism body disc and structure technology scheme thereof: the permanent magnetism body disc is made of permanent magnet mounting disc and one group of permanent magnet, the permanent magnet mounting disc except play the same with the iron yoke magnetic conduction effect in the motor, also be used for carrying and set of permanent magnets being installed, the material that it adopts also can adopt more high-grade permeability magnetic material (ferrite, glass be alloy, amorphous magnetic core material, crystallite core material etc. not) except can selecting (mild steel, steel disc section bar etc.) for use.
In the technique scheme, conductor/armature winding dish is made of conductor/armature winding and suitable with it conductor/armature winding mounting disc thereof, conductor/armature winding mounting disc also is used for carrying and installation conductor/armature winding except that the effect of playing the armature core, magnetic core or the iron yoke that are equal in the motor; Conductor/armature winding mounting disc except can selecting (mild steel, steel disc section bar etc.) for use, also can adopt more high-grade permeability magnetic material (ferrite, glass be alloy, amorphous magnetic core material, crystallite core material etc. not) with material, the armature slot number that it is provided with above, armature flute profile, all can according to motor in the related known mature technology scheme of iron core, magnetic core or iron yoke and armature slot design; The material that conductor/armature winding adopts can be more high-grade, as adopting better conductor material, structure and preparation method thereof and the relevant mature technology scheme of known making armature winding, method is identical with technology or similar, the conductor/armature winding only here is equivalent to the double again armature winding of making motor of generating armature winding while in the motor, rotor is tubular or cylindricality in motor, the direction of the air-gap field of magnetic torque transfer is the radial magnetic field coupling, and " rotor " the existing tubular in the utility model, cast or cylindricality, the flat-disc-shape of being is also arranged, the existing radial magnetic field coupling of the direction of the air-gap field of magnetic torque transfer, also there is axial magnetic field to be coupled.The design of this case armature winding and armature winding dish is exactly the corresponding mature technology scheme in the motor is become or both to convert the magnetic torque transmission device that is fit to dull and stereotyped disc-like rotor and axial magnetic field coupling to, also is fit to rotor all in rotation but have the tubular rotor of speed discrepancy and the magnetic torque transmission device of radial magnetic field coupling.Conductor/armature winding mounting disc is processed by high magnetic conduction, iron yoke or core material.The quantity of the number of armature winding and shape and armature slot and flute profile are adaptive mutually, the quantity and the size of permanent magnet are suitable on armature slot and the p-m rotor dish, and follow " rotor groove number is selected and matching principle " and " the magnetic flux path structure principle " of motor.Armature winding has following several recommended technology scheme, uses so that select:
1. multiturn type armature winding structure, each multiturn armature winding have two turn insulation good conductors (such as enamel covered wire or silver-colored line, electromagnetic wire) coiling at least, rectangular, strip, adapted shape such as fan-shaped or trapezoidal, and head end and terminal short circuit; The characteristics of multiturn armature winding are, when armature winding disconnected from beginning to end, the induced electromotive force at two ends was induced electromotive force sums of each circle coil, armature winding head and the tail short circuit, the electric current of induced current wherein during than the homotype single turn is big, and the coupling magnetic moment of torsion of corresponding generation is also just bigger.
2. circle and circle independence insulated type armature winding structure, circle and circle independently insulate armature winding have at least the separate insulation of two circles, every circle is that the identical coil of closed loop short circuit, size shape constitutes, and be bundled into a branch of, rectangular, strip, adapted shape such as fan-shaped or trapezoidal; Independently the insulate characteristics of armature winding of circle and circle are, because the magnetic moment of torsion that armature winding produced is the summation of its each absolute coil, wherein have a circle coil to open circuit or during short circuit, can not cause whole group coil and thoroughly damage and can not work, reliability is higher.
3. multicore armature winding structure, multicore armature winding is made with multiply or the good lead of multicore, be that a kind of cross-sectional area is bigger, the rectangle of individual pen closed loop short circuit, fan-shaped or trapezoidal armature winding, can certainly adopt the rectangle of the suitable independent body closed loop short circuit of cross-sectional area, rectangular, strip, adapted shape such as fan-shaped or trapezoidal, only because the kelvin effect of conductor, the conductor of same cross-sectional area, its surface area is big more, and conductivity is good more, resistivity is low more, caloric value is few more.
4. squirrel-cage armature winding construction and preparation method thereof, the structure of squirrel-cage armature winding is simple, efficient is high, it is the armature winding technical scheme of the utility model keypoint recommendation, it is made up of the bonding jumper that is embedded in the axial armature groove, and two ends join the loop of the short circuit that forms closed in itself respectively together with metal ring.The squirrel-cage armature winding has three kinds of manufacture methods, a kind of manufacture method is with axially with a metallic conductor tubular or tubulose dish (being generally copper or aluminium matter), circumference is grooving evenly distributedly, form squirrel-cage winding commonly used in the motor, the two ends of its radial magnetic field conductor bar are respectively with two fusing of annulus, form the loop of the short circuit of closed in itself, it is similar to a squirrel cage, so and be called the squirrel-cage armature winding, make the armature winding dish in the armature slot except the squirrel-cage armature winding is embedded, also can in grooving, inlay or fill high permeability material (silicon steel sheet in addition, ferrite, glass is alloy not, amorphous magnetic core material, crystallite core material etc.), in the armature winding mounting disc armature slot need not be set again, be made into the armature winding dish in the armature winding mounting disc and directly the squirrel-cage armature winding of inlaying in the grooving or fill high permeability material is fixed to; Another kind of manufacture method is the two ends that are embedded in the bonding jumper (copper conductor bar or aluminium conductor bar) in the armature slot, joins the loop of the short circuit that forms closed in itself respectively together with metal ring; The third method is to adopt molten metal to cast the squirrel-cage armature winding of above-mentioned shape.Certain integrated armature winding also can adopt more good conductor material, superconductive alloy materials or superconduction composite conductor material to make, or adopt to paste depositing process, casting process is made, with the electric conductivity that improves armature winding to greatest extent and control cost and be unlikely to too high.The working mechanism basically identical of the working mechanism of squirrel-cage armature winding and the squirrel-cage armature winding in the Electrical Motor.
5. pot grate formula armature winding structure and preparation method thereof, the structure of pot grate formula armature winding is simple, efficient is high, it is the armature winding technical scheme of the utility model keypoint recommendation, it is made up of the bonding jumper that is embedded in the armature slot, and two ends join the loop of the short circuit that forms closed in itself respectively together with outer toroid and interior annulus.Pot grate formula armature winding has three kinds of manufacture methods, a kind of manufacture method is with radially with a metallic conductor circle ring disk (being generally copper or aluminium matter), circumference is grooving evenly distributedly, be formed with interior annulus, outer toroid, the pan grid that the radial conductor bar is formed, the two ends of its radial conductor bar are respectively with outer toroid and interior fusing of annulus, form the loop of the short circuit of closed in itself, it is similar to the grate that steamed bun is used in pot, so and be called a pot grate formula armature winding, make the armature winding rotor disk in the armature slot except pot grate formula armature winding is embedded, also can in grooving, inlay or fill high permeability material (silicon steel sheet in addition, ferrite, glass is alloy not, amorphous magnetic core material, crystallite core material etc.), in the armature winding mounting disc armature slot need not be set again, be made into the armature winding rotor disk in the armature winding mounting disc and directly the pot grate formula armature winding of inlaying in the grooving or fill high permeability material is fixed to; Another kind of manufacture method is the two ends that are embedded in the bonding jumper (copper conductor bar or aluminium conductor bar) in the armature slot, joins the loop of the short circuit that forms closed in itself respectively together with outer toroid and interior annulus; The third method is to adopt molten metal to cast the pot grate formula armature winding of above-mentioned shape.Certain integrated armature winding also can adopt more good conductor material, superconductive alloy materials or superconduction composite conductor material to make, or adopt to paste depositing process, casting process is made, with the electric conductivity that improves armature winding to greatest extent and control cost and be unlikely to too high.The working mechanism of pot grate formula armature winding is similar to the working mechanism of the squirrel-cage armature winding in the Electrical Motor.
6. superconductive armature coiled pipe type, the type system of superconductive armature winding or structure can be above-mentioned multiturn armature winding, circle and the circle armature winding that independently insulate, multicore armature winding, squirrel-cage and pot grate formula armature winding or mixing armature winding, be used for only making that the material of armature winding adopts is more good conductor material, super conducting wire material or superconduction composite conductor material are (as niobium, niobium alloy or niobium copper-clad superconducting wire etc.), perhaps adopt and paste, depositing process (pastes silver, paste niobium, silver-plated or plating niobium etc.), or adopt the precision form casting process to be made, can significantly reduce the resistance of coil, lower caloric value when having increased electric current, when having improved torque transfer or driving power greatly, the cost of control product is unlikely to more to help the exploitation of premium quality product because of adopting noble metals or superconductor too high in a large number; The material of the armature winding mounting disc here is the same with the armature winding mounting disc in the above-mentioned multiturn armature winding type permanent magnetism coupling rotor assembly with structure.
Certainly above-mentioned various armature winding also can mix use or layering mixing use in the armature winding layer of one deck.
In the process of design conductor/armature winding dish, as long as meet " the near groove matching principle " of motor, " rotor groove number is selected and matching principle ", " flute profile design and matching principle ", " magnetic flux path structure principle " reaches " closing coil electricity generating principle " and just can, above-mentioned more type system and the manufacture method enumerated, in the hope of reaching the design diversity of permanent magnetism coupling rotor drum modular construction, preferable transmission efficiency and good equipment cost performance, and be unlikely to cause owing to adopted different concrete technical schemes and armature winding shelving or disposing way different in wire casing patent restraining force of the present utility model to be descended.
Under the situation of uncomfortable solar term crack spacing, for load soft start and the load stall that improves technical solutions of the utility model unloads performance certainly, structure for the armature winding dish in axial air-gap magnetic field, the selective employing of technical scheme of following two kinds of armature slots and armature winding laying structure aspect is arranged: the first adopts armature deep slot type structure, its feature be armature groove depth in the armature winding mounting disc and narrow, the sectional area of corresponding embedding armature winding sliver wherein is also high and narrow; It two is to adopt double-deck armature winding formula structure, its feature is the two-layer armature winding of assembling in the armature winding mounting disc, the cross-sectional area of outer armature winding that closes on the p-m rotor dish on it is less, and make (brass or aluminium bronze etc.) with the bigger material of resistance coefficient, so outer field armature bar resistance is bigger, the cross-sectional area of internal layer armature winding is bigger, and makes (red copper, superconducting conductor material etc.) with the resistance coefficient materials with smaller, so the armature bar resistance of internal layer is less.Related work mechanism in their working mechanism and known " Electrical Motor " is identical, referring to " the flute profile design and the matching principle of double-deck armature winding structure ", " design of shallow/deep groove type armature winding and matching principle ".
In the technique scheme,, recommend conductor/armature winding dish to be arranged on the position that more helps radiating treatment because the living heat of conductor/armature winding dish in operation process is more much bigger than permanent magnetism body disc as far as possible; Perhaps being arranged on the outside of permanent magnet coupling device with conductor/parts, mechanism or assembly that the armature winding dish links to each other, both as a part of member of the coupling body that is associated with conductor/armature winding, also use as the part of machine basket assembly, radiating subassembly simultaneously, the parts, mechanism or the assembly that link to each other with the permanent magnetism body disc are arranged on the middle part of permanent magnet coupling device, also do not repel certainly and above-mentioned opposite other arrangement that reaches.Non-circular central minor axis, it can be as cubic oblique crank Z, hexagon axle, from all directions oblique crank Z or flower oblique crank Z and other symmetry have the limit or that rib is arranged, rotor drum can slide thereon and the power transmission shaft etc. of the geometry of transmission mutually.
In the technique scheme, on sliding thick stick of torque transfer or non-round central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of inner and outer rotors tube or minimum maximum air gap magnetic field coupling area is provided for the position-limit mechanism (spacer pin/key asembly, spacing ring/dish assembly or stop nut assembly etc.) of adjusting position and locking positioning suitablely, the position of regulating corresponding position-limit mechanism can reach the purpose of regulating and limiting output shaft (bearing axle) rotating speed, also can play simultaneously the buffer action between the permanent magnetism coupling rotor drum assembly, in order to avoid collision or influence each other between the rotor drum.On the other hand, for the situation that is provided with permanent magnetism coupling rotor drum assembly more than two groups and two groups, also can live the inner and outer rotors tube position-limit mechanism that is arranged on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer or the locking installation with the fixed-site of setting, on the cage wall of barrel that installs outside tubular construction or mouse cage shape structure, be provided with between every group of permanent magnetism coupling rotor drum assembly one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion (such as nut--screw mechanism, the reverse screw mandrel in two ends, electric pole wire grip formula mechanism etc.), shorten, shift length between the inner and outer rotors tube in elongation or the fixing every group of permanent magnetism coupling rotor drum assembly, thereby also can realize the adjusting of air-gap separation or air gap coupling area and fixing, reach and regulate and the purpose of restriction output shaft rotating speed.
In the technique scheme, on external rotor tube and the internal rotor tube, do not place in a side of conductor/armature winding and/or this device install on other heat generating components, fixing or equipped matched radiator, fin or composite type complex art radiating subassembly, composite type complex art radiating subassembly is to adopt among three kinds of air-cooled technical parts, rotation heat pipe technology component and Water Cooling Technology systems at least wherein assembly that organically blends of two kinds of technical patterns, and ventilating opening, wind hole or heat eliminating medium path are set on the heat dissipation ventilation passage component corresponding to radiator or fin.Other heat generating components is meant parts such as conductor/armature winding mounting disc, permanent magnetism body disc, hollow center minor axis, bearing in the utility model device, can use a rotation heat pipe is imbedded, inlays, pasted or other heat lead-out mode Waermeableitung carries out radiating treatment to suitable position, to improve radiating efficiency, improve the torque transfer or the driving power of the utility model device unit volume.Wherein the heat pipe heat dissipation technology is as a kind of cooling system of passive type, and neither power consumption does not produce noise yet, and radiating effect also is eager to excel a lot than the active heat removal technology of conventional fan, the application of having succeeded in many aspects.
In the technique scheme, described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, dust cover can be set as required in its outside or setting has security protection and prevents machine cage or the casing that reveal in magnetic field, they and this device are outermost, only with each inner and outer rotors cartridge module in one of them joining assembly of linking link, perhaps with radiating subassembly or the cooling system formula structure that combines together, perhaps the machine cage, casing or dust cover setting or merge in addition to this device, on the support or bearing that motor or load are provided with, support or bearing can be that horizontal type structure also can be a vertical structure.
For realizing the purpose of this utility model, according to technique scheme, under the prerequisite that keeps permanent magnetism coupling and aforementioned ten multiple advantages that speed adjusting technique had, overcome and solve deficiency, defective and the problem that exists in the present known technology, be designed to a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it will bring huge, rapid technological progress for the series of products of permanent magnetism coupling and speed regulating device.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the cross section view of the radial magnetic field conductor disc of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the cross section view of the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 4 is that the permanent magnet of the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc of the utility model embodiment 1 is laid the expansion schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 2.
Fig. 6 is the radial magnetic field armature winding dish cross section view of the utility model embodiment 2.
Fig. 7 is that the squirrel-cage armature winding of the utility model embodiment 2 launches schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is the cross section view of the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc of the utility model embodiment 2.
Fig. 9 is that the permanent magnet of the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc of the utility model embodiment 2 is laid the expansion schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 3.
Figure 11 is the non-circular central minor axis right view of the utility model embodiment 3.
Figure 12 is the axial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 3.
Figure 13 is the pot grate formula armature winding schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 3.
Figure 14 is the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 3.
Figure 15 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 4.
Figure 16 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 5.
Figure 17 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 6.
Figure 18 is operation principle and the structural representation cutaway view of the utility model embodiment 7.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4, the external rotor tube (31 that it is coupled by one group two mutually nested radial permanent magnet air-gap fields (20) cylindraceous, 32 and 33 constitute) and internal rotor tube (1 and 2 constitute) assembly, one pair is by external rotor tube barrel (32) and external rotor tube end wall (40) and go up the external rotor tube coupling body (32 of the direct draw bail of tubular that the axis hole (37) that is provided with forms, 40 and 37 constitute), one pair is by internal rotor tube barrel (2) and internal rotor tube end wall (3) and go up the internal rotor tube coupling body (2 of the direct draw bail that the axis hole (6) that is provided with forms, 3 and 6 constitute), and corresponding input shaft coupling (35) and output shaft joint (4) formation; Wherein use as the radial magnetic field conductor mounting disc (32) of radial magnetic field conductor tube (31) inboard of external rotor tube barrel (32), the radial magnetic field conductor tube (31) that is a cylindrical section shape fixedly mounts the inboard of radial magnetic field conductor mounting disc (32) and becomes radial magnetic field conductor disc (31 and 32 constitute), use as machine cage housing (32) again simultaneously in the outside of external rotor tube barrel (32), and it is provided with vane type or the natural air cooled radiator of raised ribs formula (33); Use as the radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc (2) of radial magnetic field permanent magnet (1) in the outside of internal rotor tube barrel (2), one group 24 the radial magnetic field permanent magnets (1) that are elongated rectangular shape stripping and slicing shape are inlayed on the barrel cylindrical chow ring of radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc (2) evenly distributedly, and arrange alternately with N, S polarity, form the radially radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc (2 and 1) of staggered permanent magnetic field; The radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc (1 and 2) of the internal rotor tube of adjacent barrel and the radial magnetic field conductor disc (31 and 32) of external rotor tube are nested and be provided with spaced radial air-gap separation (20) around same shaft centre line, they constitute the radial magnetic field conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly of a secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling, external rotor tube end wall (40) is provided with the wind hole (34) that is used for ventilation and heat, external rotor tube (31,32 and 33) by external rotor tube coupling body (32,40 and 37) link with corresponding input shaft coupling (35), input shaft coupling (35) is connected on power shaft or the driving shaft (36), the internal rotor tube is by internal rotor tube coupling body (2,3 and 6) link with corresponding output shaft coupling (4), output shaft coupling (4) is connected on output shaft or the bearing axle (5).
The operation principle of this example: when power shaft (36) drives tubular machine cage (40 and 32) rotation, the middle rotation of the radial magnetic field permanent magnet (1) of radial magnetic field conductor tube (31) on the radial magnetic field conductor disc (31 and 32) in the radial magnetic field conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly of installing on it in the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc (1 and 2) in internal rotor tube barrel (2) outside permanent magnetism air-gap field (20) constructed and that produce, radial magnetic field conductor tube (31) produces inductive loop because of cutting permanent magnetism air-gap field, inductive loop produce one with the opposite induced field in former air gap magnetic field, two magnetic field interactions generation electromagnetic torques.Therefore, under the effect of electromagnetic torque, radial magnetic field conductor disc (31 and 32) drives radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc (1 and 2) and rotates together, drives output shaft (5) again and rotates, and output shaft drives loaded work piece.The size of air-gap separation (20) is determining the electromagnetic torque size of transmission inversely, perhaps be proportional to the coupling electromagnetic torque size of transmission in the constant condition lower conductor dish (31 and 32) of air-gap separation and the size of permanent magnetism body disc (1 and 2) radial air gap coupling area, because proportional between output torque and the load, thereby reach coupling or adjusting transfer of torque and the purpose that drives load between the power transmission shaft.Therefore set or adjust the purpose that its air-gap separation (20) or radial air gap coupling area can realize adjusting output electromagnetic torque or load speed.Natural air cooled radiator (33) among the embodiment is to carry out radiating treatment for conductor disc (31 and 32) to be provided with, can operate as normal to guarantee the utility model device.
It is pointed out that present embodiment also comprises the power shaft in other relevant enforcement product with the utility model or driving shaft (36) can be inverted with output shaft or bearing axle (5) or oppositely use interchangeably, but this transmitting apparatus operate as normal after being inverted or exchanging.
Embodiment 2
As Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and shown in Figure 9, external rotor tube (131 and 132) and internal rotor tube (101 and 102) assembly that it is coupled by one group two mutually nested radial permanent magnet air-gap fields (120) cylindraceous, one pair is by external rotor tube barrel (132) and external rotor tube end wall (140) and go up the external rotor tube coupling body (132 of the direct draw bail of tubular that the axis hole (137) that is provided with forms, 140 and 137), one pair is by internal rotor tube barrel (102) and internal rotor tube end wall (103) and go up the internal rotor tube coupling body (102 of the direct draw bail that the axis hole (106) that is provided with forms, 103 and 106), and corresponding input shaft coupling (135) and output shaft joint (104) formation; Wherein use as the radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc (132) of two radial magnetic field squirrel-cage armature windings (131) inboard of external rotor tube barrel (132), two squirrel-cage armature windings (131) axially spaced-apart, one segment distance, and be installed to the inboard of radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc (132) and become the radial magnetic field armature winding dish (131 and 132) that is provided with two squirrel-cage armature windings (131), squirrel-cage armature winding (131) is by 24 strip conductor bars and two ends are provided with respectively and constitute with two annulus of each conductor bar one end short circuit, can regard the same armature winding of squirrel cage as, corresponding respectively armature slot (139) lining that embeds radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc (132) of the conductor bar of squirrel-cage armature winding (131) constitutes radial magnetic field armature winding dish (131 and 132); Use as machine cage housing (32) again simultaneously in the outside of external rotor tube barrel (132), and it is provided with louvre (138); Use as the radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc (102) of two groups of radial magnetic field permanent magnets (101) in the outside of internal rotor tube barrel (102), be installed in to corresponding with radial magnetic field armature winding (131) the respectively coupling of every group of radial magnetic field permanent magnet (101) lateral surface of radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc (102), every group 20 the radial magnetic field permanent magnets (101) that are elongated rectangular shape stripping and slicing shape are inlayed on the barrel cylindrical chow ring of radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc (102) evenly distributedly, and with N, S polarity is arranged alternately, forms to be provided with two groups of radially corresponding coupling installations with two radial magnetic field armature winding dishes (131 and 132) of radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc (102 and 101) of staggered permanent magnetic field; Two radial magnetic field conductor disc (131 and 132) on two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body discs (101 and 102) on the internal rotor tube of adjacent barrel and the external rotor tube are nested and be provided with spaced radial air-gap separation (120) around same shaft centre line, their corresponding respectively radial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assemblies that constitutes two secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet couplings, external rotor tube end wall (140) is provided with the wind hole (134) that is used for ventilation and heat, external rotor tube (131 and 132) is by external rotor tube coupling body (132,140 and 137) link with corresponding input shaft coupling (135), input shaft coupling (135) is connected on power shaft or the driving shaft (136), the internal rotor tube is by internal rotor tube coupling body (102,103 and 106) link with corresponding output shaft coupling (104), output shaft coupling (104) is connected on output shaft or the bearing axle (105).
The operation principle of this example: the working mechanism of present embodiment and embodiment 1 basically identical, difference has 2 points, be provided with the radial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly of two secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet couplings between the barrel of the first the inner and outer rotors tube here, it two is to be radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish of making of the integrated armature winding of squirrel-cage in the present embodiment, rather than is radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish of making of the conductor tube among the embodiment 1.This example explanation can be provided with two or more radial magnetic field conductors/armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly as required between the barrel of inner and outer rotors tube, the electromagnetic torque size that its permanent magnet coupling device transmitted is the summation of the electromagnetic coupling torque that can produce of all the permanent magnetism coupling assemblies among the embodiment.
Embodiment 3
As Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13 and shown in Figure 14, it is by one group two the mutually nested radial permanent magnet air-gap fields (220) cylindraceous and the external rotor tube (231 and 232 of axial permanent magnetic air-gap field (221) coupling, 218 and 232,239 and 240,233) and internal rotor tube (201 and 202,212 and 202,213 and 217) assembly, one pair is by external rotor tube barrel (232) and external rotor tube end wall (240) and go up the external rotor tube coupling body (232 of the direct draw bail of tubular that the axis hole (237) that is provided with forms, 240 and 237), one pair by internal rotor tube barrel (202) and internal rotor tube end wall (203 and 208) and on the internal rotor tube coupling body (202 formed of the axis hole (206 and 207) that is provided with respectively and non-circular central minor axis (251), 203 and 206,202,208 and 207,250), and corresponding input shaft coupling (235) and output shaft joint (204) formation; Be provided with three secondary armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assemblies, wherein two pairs are arranged on (201,202 and 231,232 1 groups of radial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assemblies between the inner and outer rotors tube barrel (202,232), 212,202 and 218,232 1 groups), a pair is arranged on the axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly (213,217 and 239,240) between internal rotor tube barrel end (217) and the corresponding external rotor tube end wall (240).Use as the radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc (232) of two wire turn type radial magnetic field armature winding (231,218) inboard of external rotor tube barrel (232), two wire turn type armature winding (231 and 218) are respectively installed to the inboard of radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc (232) and get in the armature slot, and become (231 and 232 1 on two radial magnetic field armature winding dishes, 218 and 232 1), the same width distance of length of axially spaced-apart and armature winding (231 or 218) between two radial magnetic field armature winding dishes; Simultaneously, between internal rotor tube barrel end (217) and the corresponding external rotor tube end wall (240) pot grate formula armature winding (239) the permanent magnetism coupling assembly of a countershaft to magnetic field is installed, wherein pot grate formula armature winding (239) is by 18 radially equally distributed conductor bars and two ends are provided with respectively and constitute with two inside and outside annulus of every strip conductor bar one end short circuit on circumferential ring, can regard the same integrated armature winding of pan grid that steamed bun is used as, the inboard annulus platform that protrudes of rotor drum end wall (240) is that armature winding mounting disc (240) is installed in addition, armature winding mounting disc (240) is provided with armature slot (241), and pot grate formula armature winding (239) is embedded into armature slot (241) and constitutes pot grate formula armature winding dish (239 and 240 constitute); Axial permanent magnetic body group is made of the permanent magnet (213) of 15 fan-shaped stripping and slicing shapes, permanent magnet (213) is inlayed alternately, evenly distributedly with N, S polarity respectively or is mounted on internal rotor tube barrel end (217) is to become axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc (213 and 217 constitute) on the annulus of permanent magnet mounting disc (217), is provided with air-gap separation (221) and constitutes axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly between pot grate formula armature winding dish (239 and 240) and the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc (213,217).Shaft position is provided with square central minor axis (250) structure of a perforation in the inside of present embodiment device, it has two sections formations: the long cubic oblique crank Z (252) of larger skirt that the cubic oblique crank Z (251) of the less length of side and is short, the end wall (208 of internal rotor tube, 203) axle center is provided with and the suitable square axis hole (207 of square central minor axis (251), 206) and axle sleeve (210,209), internal rotor tube (201,202 and 203,212,202 and 208) to be assemblied in axially slidably on the square central minor axis (251), become the structure of mutual torque drive between internal rotor tube and the square central minor axis (251), on square central minor axis (251), minimal air gap spacing (221) position or the internal rotor barrel dliameter in corresponding internal rotor tube axial air-gap magnetic field are provided with internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism or spacer pin (215) to the maximum air gap coupling area position of air-gap field, the maximum axial air-gap separation (221) of corresponding internal rotor tube axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly or internal rotor barrel dliameter are provided with another one internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism or utilize the long square shaft part (252) of larger skirt to use as internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism to the position of the radially minimal air gap coupling area of permanent magnetism coupling assembly.The arranged outside of external rotor tube barrel (232) has air-cooled radiator (233), is respectively equipped with heat dissipation ventilation aperture (211,238 and 234) on internal rotor tube barrel (202), external rotor tube barrel (232) and the external rotor tube end wall (240); External rotor tube barrel (232) and external rotor tube end wall (240) also use as the machine cage.External rotor tube (231,218 and 232,239 and 240) link with corresponding input shaft coupling (235) by external rotor tube coupling body (240,237), input shaft coupling (235) is connected on power shaft or the driving shaft (236), internal rotor tube (201,212 and 202,213 and 217) by internal rotor tube coupling body (202,203 and 206,202,208 and 207,250) link with corresponding output shaft coupling (204), output shaft coupling (204) is connected on output shaft or the bearing axle (205).The cubic oblique crank Z of that section that larger skirt on non-circular (square) central minor axis in this example is long also can be designed to circular shaft, can finish identical function equally.
The operation principle of this example: when power shaft (236) drives tubular machine cage (240 and 232) rotation, two radial magnetic field wire turn type armature winding (231 installing on it, 218) two radial magnetic field permanent magnets (201 outside internal rotor tube barrel (202), 212) the middle rotation of group permanent magnetism air-gap field (220) constructed and that produce, radial magnetic field wire turn type armature winding (231,218) produce inductive loop because of cutting permanent magnetism air-gap field respectively, inductive loop produce one with the opposite induced field in former air gap magnetic field, two magnetic field interactions produce electromagnetic torque, under the effect of electromagnetic torque, radial magnetic field wire turn type armature drum (231 and 232,218 and 232) drive radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc (201 and 202,212 and 202) rotate together, drive output shaft (205) again and rotate, output shaft drives loaded work piece; Meanwhile, similarly when power shaft (236) drives tubular machine cage (240 and 232) rotation, rotate in the axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature winding of installing between rotor drum end wall (240) and the internal rotor tube barrel end (217) (239) and the permanent magnetism air-gap field (221) that produces constructed outside in radial magnetic field permanent magnet (213) group, axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature winding produces inductive loop because of cutting permanent magnetism air-gap field, inductive loop produce one with the opposite induced field in former air gap magnetic field, two magnetic field interactions produce electromagnetic torque, under the effect of electromagnetic torque, axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature winding dish (239 and 240) drives axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc (213 and 217) and rotates together, drive output shaft (205) again and rotate, output shaft drives loaded work piece.Above-mentioned three electromagnetic torque sums that the permanent magnetism coupling assembly is produced separately, be exactly total the present embodiment device electromagnetic torque.On the other hand, when the internal rotor tube was in position shown in Figure 10, air-gap separation (221) was smaller, and at this moment the transfer of torque of axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly (239 and 240 and 213 and 217) is bigger; Simultaneously, the air gap coupling area maximum between two radial magnetic field wire turn type armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assemblies (231 and 232 and 201 and 202,218 and 232 and 212 and 202), its transfer of torque of two is also maximum.When the internal rotor tube moved right on square square shaft (251), it is big that air-gap separation (221) becomes, and at this moment the transfer of torque of axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly (239 and 240 and 213 and 217) diminishes; Simultaneously, the air gap coupling area between two radial magnetic field wire turn type armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assemblies (231 and 232 and 201 and 202,218 and 232 and 212 and 202) will diminish, and its transfer of torque of two also diminishes thereupon.As can be seen, as long as move left and right internal rotor tube is with regard to scalable transfer of torque size, also rotating speed that just can regulating load, promptly the internal rotor tube is moved to the left, the loading speed increase, the internal rotor tube moves right, and loading speed reduces.In addition, the internal rotor tube horizontally slips in the section that two internal rotor tube position-limit mechanisms (215,252) limit, and in automatic unloading and the load speed regulation process very important purposes is arranged when soft starter for motor, load stall.
Embodiment 4
As shown in figure 15, it is by one group two mutually nested radial permanent magnet air-gap fields (320 cylindraceous, 322) and the external rotor tube (301 and 302 of axial permanent magnetic air-gap field (321) coupling, 312 and 302,313 and 340 constitute) and internal rotor tube (325 and 332,331 and 332,339 and 324,323 and 324,326 and 317 constitute) assembly, one pair is by external rotor tube barrel (302) and external rotor tube end wall (340) and go up the external rotor tube coupling body (302 of the direct draw bail of tubular that the axis hole (337) that is provided with forms, 340 and 337 constitute), one pair is by internal rotor tube barrel (324,332) and internal rotor tube end wall (303,327,328) and on the axis hole (306 that is provided with respectively, 307,366) the internal rotor tube coupling body (324 of the direct draw bail of forming with non-circular central minor axis (350), 332,303,327,328,306,307,366 and 350 constitute), and corresponding input shaft coupling (335) and output shaft joint (304) formation; One deck barrel (302) is arranged on the external rotor tube, the internal rotor tube has two-layer barrel (324,332), be provided with five auxiliary-conductor permanent magnetism coupling assemblies altogether between the two-layer barrel He on an end wall layer, wherein fourth officer is arranged on two-layer inner and outer rotors tube barrel (324 and 302,302 and 332) the radial magnetic field conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly (339 between, 324 and 312,302 1,323,324 and 301,302 1,325,332 and 312,302,331 1,332 and 301,302 1), a pair is arranged on the axial air-gap magnetic field conductors permanent magnetism coupling assembly (326 between internal rotor tube barrel end (317) and the corresponding external rotor tube end wall (340), 317 and 313,340 constitute).Shaft position is provided with square central minor axis (350) structure of a perforation in the inside of present embodiment device, it has two sections formations: the long cubic oblique crank Z (352) of larger skirt that the cubic oblique crank Z (351) of the less length of side and is short, the end wall (303 of internal rotor tube, 327,328) axle center is provided with and the suitable square axis hole (306 of square central minor axis (351), 366,307) and axle sleeve (309,369,310), internal rotor tube (332,324,303,327,328 constitute) to be assemblied in axially slidably on the square central minor axis (351), become the structure of mutual torque drive between internal rotor tube and the square central minor axis (251), on square central minor axis (351), the axial minimal air gap spacing (321) of corresponding internal rotor tube or the radially maximum air gap coupling area position of internal rotor tube, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism or spacer pin (315) are set, the axial maximum air gap spacing (321) of corresponding internal rotor tube or internal rotor barrel dliameter are provided with another one internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism or utilize the long square shaft part (352) of larger skirt to use as internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism to the radially minimal air gap coupling area position of permanent magnetism coupling assembly.The outside of internal rotor tube barrel (332), internal rotor tube end wall (327,328) are provided with air-cooled radiator (333,346), are respectively equipped with heat dissipation ventilation aperture (311,338 and 334) on internal rotor tube end wall (303,327,328), internal rotor tube barrel (302) and the external rotor tube end wall (340); Internal rotor tube barrel (332) and internal rotor tube end wall (303) also use as the machine cage.Others and embodiment 3 basically identicals, but in the present embodiment, in internal rotor tube barrel (324), embedded the evaporation section of rotary-type thermal tube radiator (344), heat is drawn out to machine cage outside carries out radiating treatment, be provided with radiator shutter (345) on the cooling section of rotary-type thermal tube radiator (344).
Total transmission electromagnetic torque of present embodiment is the electromagnetic torque sum that each permanent magnetism coupling assembly produces, and operation principle is consistent with embodiment 3, and usefulness all is conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly only here, and the permanent magnetism coupling assembly of installation is more.
Embodiment 5
As shown in figure 16, the structure similar of present embodiment and embodiment 4, aspect main structure body, present embodiment is only between extension outer rim annulus (472) position of the end wall (440) of the end (481) of the barrel (432) of internal rotor tube and external rotor tube, respectively be provided with the pot grate formula armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly of an axial magnetic field again outside between the end wall (473) of the end (422) of the barrel of rotor drum (402) and internal rotor tube; What be provided with between end wall of external rotor tube (440) and the internal rotor tube end wall (417) is axial magnetic field conductor dish-type permanent magnetism coupling assembly, and remaining is the wire turn type armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly of radial magnetic field; Another one is not both, and radiator and rotating heat pipe radiating subassembly are not set in the present embodiment.Each assembly and system works principle are referring to embodiment 1,2,3 and 4.
Embodiment 6
As shown in figure 17, it is by two groups, every group has two mutually nested radial permanent magnet air-gap fields (520 cylindraceous, 521) Ou He external rotor tube (531 and 532 1 urceolus, 518 and 587 1 urceolus) and internal rotor tube (501 and 502 1 inner cores, 512 and 586 1 inner cores) assembly, one pair is by machine cage wall (593,592,591,590 constitute) and machine cage end wall (540) and go up the external rotor tube coupling body (593 of axis hole (537) composition that is provided with, 592,591,590,540 and 537 constitute), one pair is by internal rotor tube barrel (502,586) and internal rotor tube end wall (503,528) and the axis hole (506 that go up to be provided with, 507) the internal rotor tube coupling body (502 of the direct draw bail of Zu Chenging, 503 and 506,586,528 and 507 constitute), and corresponding input shaft coupling (535) and output shaft joint (504) formation; At machine cage wall (591,593) be provided with between and be used to regulate permanent magnetism coupling assembly air gap coupling area on the inner and outer rotors tube, two ends are the adjusting screw(rod) mechanism (592) of left-hand thread silk, between machine cage wall (591) and machine cage end wall (540), be provided with the set screw mechanism (590) that is used to regulate permanent magnetism coupling assembly air gap coupling area on the inner and outer rotors tube, can make air gap coupling area big or small adjusted of two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism coupling assemblies that are located at respectively in the two group rotor cartridge modules by adjusting screw(rod) mechanism (592) and screw mechanism (590), and then reach the purpose of regulating load rotating speed.Operation principle is referring to embodiment 1,2.
Embodiment 7
As shown in figure 18, it is by two groups, every group has two mutually nested radial permanent magnet air-gap fields (620 cylindraceous, 621) Ou He external rotor tube (631 and 632,618 and 687) and internal rotor tube (601 and 602,612 and 686) assembly, the external rotor tube coupling body (691 that one pair is made up of the axis hole (637) of machine cage wall (691) and machine cage end wall (640) and upward setting thereof, 640, with 637), one pair is by internal rotor tube barrel (602,686) and internal rotor tube end wall (603,628) and the axis hole (606 that go up to be provided with, 607) constituted internal rotor tube coupling body (602 with central minor axis (650) and the sliding thick stick of torque transfer (698), 603 and 606,686,628 and 607,650 and 698 constitute), and corresponding input shaft coupling (635) and output shaft coupling (604) formation; Adopt sliding thick stick (698) structure of central minor axis (650) and torque transfer, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis (650) of a perforation in the inside of device, output shaft coupling (604) is arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, the inner end of central minor axis (650) is fixed with a central turnplate (685) by shaft coupling (684), evenly distribute on the circumference of central turnplate (685) at least two sliding thick sticks (698) of axial torque transfer securely are installed, the sliding thick stick (698) of torque transfer two ends are provided with screw, the end wall (628 of two internal rotor tubes, 603) go up sliding thick stick circular hole and the axle sleeve (607 that corresponding torque transfer is slided thick stick (698), 606), two internal rotor tubes are by the sliding thick stick circular hole axle sleeve (607 on it, 606) be installed on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer (698) of central turnplate (685) both sides, two internal rotor tubes, the sliding thick stick (698) of torque transfer, made up the torque transmitting mechanisms of a mechanical attachment between central turnplate (685) and the central minor axis (650), two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism coupling assemblies (631 and 632 are installed respectively on two inner and outer rotors tubes adaptedly, 601 and 602,618 and 687,612 and 686), on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer (698), the position that the position of the minimum and maximum air gap coupling area of corresponding two groups of permanent magnetism coupling assemblies is provided for internal rotor drum suitablely is regulated and (697 and 616 match to the internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning, 615 and 699 match), two internal rotor tubes, the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, constituted the torque transfer structure between central turnplate central minor axis and the output shaft coupling, and (697 and 616 match by regulating internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism, 615 and 699 match) the position air gap coupling area of two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism coupling assemblies that are located at respectively in the two group rotor cartridge modules is limited on certain limit or a certain position, that is to say can be limited to certain limit to load speed or be fixed on a certain speed.Its operation principle is referring to embodiment 1,2.
The foregoing description has only provided the specific embodiment of several special case structures of technical solutions of the utility model, attempt to illustrate that the utility model can permutation and combination goes out the scheme of a variety of different structures, also can construct a lot of concrete, simple or complicated product technology scheme implementation examples, such as: the design of a group or two groups of permanent magnetism coupling rotor assembly only is set among the embodiment, adds that various adaptive shells, dust cover or support make the Application Example of level or vertical mounting means; Add radiating subassembly, even increase Application Examples such as going up water-cooling system again.The utility model is not limited to given embodiment; but they can play the purpose of drawing inferences about other cases from one instance, casting a brick to attract jade; the design that can be concrete more products serial model No. provides technical scheme; if the change that other any essence that does not deviate from technical solutions of the utility model is done, modification, substitute, combination and simplifying, all should be subjected within the right constraint and protection of the utility model patent.

Claims (50)

1. permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, it is by the external rotor tube and the internal rotor cartridge module of at least one group every group two mutually nested permanent magnetism air-gap field couplings, the external rotor tube coupling body that at least one pair and external rotor tube are suitable, internal rotor tube coupling body that at least one pair and internal rotor tube are suitable and corresponding input shaft coupling and output shaft joint constitute, the rotor drum that is provided with the most close shaft centre line barrel is the internal rotor tube, another nested with it rotor drum is called the external rotor tube, internal rotor tube and external rotor tube have equal or the unequal barrel number of plies, external rotor tube and internal rotor tube can be around same shaft centre line rotations, be provided with and assemble the one kind of at least permanent magnetism coupling assembly in two kinds of radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assemblies and the axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly on the adjacent correspondence position of external rotor tube and internal rotor tube, the external rotor tube links with corresponding input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling by suitable external rotor tube coupling body, the internal rotor tube by suitable internal rotor tube coupling body with corresponding output shaft coupling or import shaft coupling and link.
2. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the external rotor tube and the internal rotor cartridge module of described one group two mutually nested permanent magnetism air-gap field couplings, external rotor tube wherein is respectively arranged with the adaptive mutually barrel nested with intersection of one deck at least with the internal rotor tube, between the barrel of adjacent nested inner and outer rotors tube at least one secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly is set, radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc in every secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly and radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish correspondence respectively are arranged on suitable, nested and be used for the adjacent barrel of radial air gap magnetic field coupling, between the two secondary radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assemblies axially spaced-apart distance is set, radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly by the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc of cylindric or pipe shape and radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish in the suit mode, the coupling of radial air gap magnetic field is equipped to form, radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc wherein is made up of the radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc of one group two radial magnetic field permanent magnets and assembling radial magnetic field permanent magnet at least, the stripping and slicing shape of the rectangular or strip of radial magnetic field permanent magnet or cut column, be used for carrying and installing the radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc employing iron yoke permeability magnetic material making of radial magnetic field set of permanent magnets, be cylindric or the pipe shape, inlay evenly distributedly on the barrel of radial magnetic field permanent magnet mounting disc or the tube wall circumferential ring or card dress radial magnetic field permanent magnet, the radial magnetic field permanent magnet is respectively with N, S polarity is arranged alternately, form radially staggered permanent magnetic field, radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish wherein is made up of radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding mounting disc that at least one radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding and being used to assembles radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding, radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish also is cylindric or the pipe shape, and with radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc with the suitable coupling in radial air gap magnetic field ground suit, the mounting disc of radial magnetic field armature winding is by high magnetic conduction, iron yoke or core material process, the one side protrude one with the suitable cylinder ring of radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc, equally distributed axial armature groove is set on the cylinder ring, one deck radial magnetic field armature winding is set in the armature slot at least, and the quantity and the size of permanent magnet are suitable according to " the adaptive principle of groove number " of motor on the quantity of the number of radial magnetic field armature winding and shape and armature slot and flute profile mutually adaptive or armature slot and the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc.
3. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the external rotor tube and the internal rotor cartridge module of described one group two mutually nested permanent magnetism air-gap field couplings, wherein internal rotor tube barrel end with corresponding external rotor tube end wall or/and extend between the outer rim annulus position axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly be set, or/and its external rotor tube barrel end with corresponding its internal rotor tube barrel portion or/and extend between the outer rim annulus position axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly be set, axial air-gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly is formed so that the coupling of axial air-gap magnetic field is equipped by flat board discoid or circular axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc and axial conductor/armature winding dish, axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc wherein is made up of the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body mounting disc of one group two axial magnetic field permanent magnet bodies and assembling axial magnetic field permanent magnet body at least, the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body is rectangular, fan-shaped or trapezoidal stripping and slicing shape or cut column, be used for carrying and installing the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body mounting disc employing iron yoke permeability magnetic material making of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body group, inlay evenly distributedly on the circumferential ring of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body mounting disc or card dress axial magnetic field permanent magnet body, the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body is respectively with N, S polarity is arranged alternately, form axially staggered permanent magnetic field, axial conductor/armature winding dish wherein is by at least one axial conductor/armature winding and be used for assembled shaft and form to the axial conductor/armature winding mounting disc of conductor/armature winding, axially conductor/armature winding dish is dull and stereotyped discoid or annulus plate-like, the mounting disc of axial magnetic field armature winding is by high magnetic conduction, iron yoke or core material process, the one side protrude one with the suitable disk ring of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc, equally distributed radially armature slot is set on the disk ring, one deck axial magnetic field armature winding is set in the armature slot at least, the quantity of the number of axial magnetic field armature winding and shape and armature slot and flute profile are adaptive mutually, and the quantity and the size of permanent magnet are suitable on armature slot and the axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc.
4. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish is the radial magnetic field conductor disc, it is to make one section conductor tube or conductor tube with metallic conductor or superconductor material, again this section conductor tube or conductor tube are fixedly mounted or are installed to a side of radial magnetic field conductor mounting disc and become the radial magnetic field conductor disc, radial magnetic field conductor disc and radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc coupling assembling constitute radial magnetic field conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly.
5. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding dish is a radial magnetic field armature winding rotating disk, one group of radial magnetic field armature winding embeds respectively or is assemblied in the axial armature groove of radial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc one side setting and becomes radial magnetic field armature winding rotating disk, radial magnetic field armature winding rotating disk and radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc coupling assembling constitute radial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly, the shape of single radial magnetic field armature winding is corresponding with the cross sectional shape of radial magnetic field permanent magnet, rectangular or strip.
6. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single radial magnetic field armature winding is multiturn type radial magnetic field armature winding, and each multiturn type radial magnetic field armature winding has two turn insulation good conductor coilings and head end and terminal short circuit at least.
7. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single radial magnetic field armature winding is circle and circle independence insulated type radial magnetic field armature winding, each circle and circle independence insulated type radial magnetic field armature winding have at least the separate insulation of two circles, every circle is that the identical coil of closed loop short circuit, size shape constitutes and is bundled into a branch of.
8. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single radial magnetic field armature winding is multi-core type radial magnetic field armature winding, and multi-core type radial magnetic field armature winding is the individual pen closed loop short-circuited coil made from multiply or the good lead of multicore.
9. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single radial magnetic field armature winding is the squirrel-cage armature winding, it is made up of the metal sliver that is embedded in the axial armature groove, the two ends of metal sliver join together with the metal ring at two ends respectively, form the integrated radial magnetic field armature winding of the short circuit of closed in itself, be similar to the squirrel-cage armature winding in the motor.
10. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single radial magnetic field armature winding is superconduction radial magnetic field armature winding, and radial magnetic field armature winding adopts super conducting wire material or superconduction composite conductor material to form.
11. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described axial conductor/armature winding dish is axial conductor disc, it is plane conductor disk or the conductor annulus made from metallic conductor or superconductor material, a side that mounts or be installed to axial conductor mounting disc forms, axially the axial conductor permanent magnetism coupling assembly of the equipped formation of conductor disc and axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc coupling.
12. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described axial conductor/armature winding dish is that axial conductor/armature winding dish is an axial magnetic field armature winding dish, one group of axial magnetic field armature winding embeds respectively or is assemblied in the radially armature slot of axial magnetic field armature winding mounting disc one side setting and forms, axial magnetic field armature winding dish and the equipped formation of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body disc coupling axial magnetic field armature winding permanent magnetism coupling assembly, the shape of single axial magnetic field armature winding is corresponding with the cross sectional shape of axial magnetic field permanent magnet body, and is rectangular, fan-shaped or trapezoidal.
13. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single axial magnetic field armature winding be the multiturn profile shaft to magnetic field armature winding, each multiturn profile shaft has two turn insulation good conductor coilings and head end and terminal short circuit at least to magnetic field armature winding.
14. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single axial magnetic field armature winding is circle and circle independence insulated type axial magnetic field armature winding, each circle and circle independence insulated type axial magnetic field armature winding have at least the separate insulation of two circles, every circle is that the identical coil of closed loop short circuit, size shape constitutes and is bundled into a branch of.
15. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single axial magnetic field armature winding is multi-core type axial magnetic field armature winding, and multi-core type axial magnetic field armature winding is the individual pen closed loop short-circuited coil made from multiply or the good lead of multicore.
16. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single axial magnetic field armature winding is pot grate formula armature winding, it is made up of the metal sliver that is embedded in the armature slot radially, the two ends of metal sliver join together with outer toroid and interior annulus respectively, form the integrated axial magnetic field armature winding of the short circuit of closed in itself, its shape appears in the circular pan grid that steamed bun is used in the pot.
17. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, described single axial magnetic field armature winding is superconduction axial magnetic field armature winding, and axial magnetic field armature winding adopts super conducting wire material or superconduction composite conductor material to form.
18. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, in being provided with the rotor drum assembly of two-layer and two-layer above permanent magnetism coupling assembly, radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly between layer and the layer is arranged by leaning against in proper order privately of " radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc---radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk ", the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc that adjacent two layers and two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body discs arranging with " back-to-back " can being integrally combined two sides be coupled, in the rotor drum assembly that is provided with one deck and the permanent magnetism coupling assembly more than one deck, secondary and the two secondary above permanent magnetism coupling assemblies of in each layer two, its permanent magnetism body disc and conductor/armature winding dish is coupling and of the same race respectively in pairs, alternately or mix and be laid on the internal rotor tube barrel that is nested disorderly or on the external rotor tube barrel.
19. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, in being provided with the rotor drum assembly of two-layer and two-layer above permanent magnetism coupling assembly, the radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly between layer and the layer is in turn arranged by the order of " radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk--radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc, radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc ".
20. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, in being provided with the rotor drum assembly of two-layer and two-layer above permanent magnetism coupling assembly, radial air gap magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly between layer and the layer is arranged by the hybrid mode of " radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc---radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk; radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc; radial magnetic field conductor/armature winding rotor disk---radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc ", the radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body disc that adjacent two layers and two radial magnetic field permanent magnetism body discs arranging with " back-to-back " can being integrally combined two sides be coupled, in the rotor drum assembly that is provided with one deck and the permanent magnetism coupling assembly more than one deck, secondary and the two secondary above permanent magnetism coupling assemblies of in each layer two, its permanent magnetism body disc and conductor/armature winding dish is coupling and of the same race respectively in pairs, alternately or mix and be laid on the internal rotor tube barrel that is nested disorderly or on the external rotor tube barrel.
21. such as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft; It is characterized in that; Be used for the outer rotor tube with corresponding input shaft coupling or export that joining outer rotor tube coupling body is tubular or mouse cage shape structure between the shaft coupling; Input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling are arranged on the middle shaft position of tubular or mouse cage shape structure one end; The end wall of the outer rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the suitable barrel or machine cage wall of tubular or mouse cage shape structure
22. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for joining external rotor tube coupling body is the external rotor tube between external rotor tube and corresponding input shaft coupling or the output shaft coupling the end wall or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling directly are set.
23. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body is the central minor axis structure between internal rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation adaptedly in the inside of this device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between internal rotor tube and the central minor axis.
24. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body is non-circular central minor axis structure between internal rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, shaft position is provided with the non-circular central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of this device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of non-circular central minor axis, the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts are provided with the non-circular shaft hole suitable with non-circular central minor axis, suitable non-circular central minor axis axle sleeve is set in the non-circular shaft hole, the internal rotor tube is all to be assemblied in axially slidably on the non-circular central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between internal rotor tube and the non-circular central minor axis, on non-circular central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding internal rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for internal rotor drum adjusting position and to the internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely.
25. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body is the sliding bumper structure of central minor axis and torque transfer between internal rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of this device, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, on the central minor axis, between two rotor drum assemblies or appropriate location is fixed with at least one central turnplate, evenly distribute on the circumference of central turnplate at least two sliding thick sticks of torque transfer that axially run through all internal rotor tubes securely are installed, the sliding thick stick circular hole that the end wall of internal rotor tube or its shaft coupling parts are provided with center hole and the sliding thick stick of corresponding torque transfer and are used for installing by the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, be provided with axle sleeve in the sliding thick stick circular hole, the internal rotor tube is installed on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer by the sliding thick stick circular hole axle sleeve on it, the internal rotor tube, the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, form the torque drive structure between central turnplate and the central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding internal rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for internal rotor drum adjusting position and to the internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer.
26. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that used central minor axis or the non-circular central minor axis of joining internal rotor tube coupling body is hollow between internal rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling
27. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body is direct draw bail between internal rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all directly or by suitable output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are installed on bearing axle or the driving shaft.
28. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining internal rotor tube coupling body is tubular or mouse cage shape structure between internal rotor tube and corresponding input shaft coupling or the output shaft coupling, input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling are arranged on the middle shaft position of tubular or mouse cage shape structure one end, and the end wall of the internal rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the suitable barrel or machine cage wall of tubular or mouse cage shape structure.
29. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for joining internal rotor tube coupling body is the internal rotor tube between internal rotor tube and corresponding input shaft coupling or the output shaft coupling the end wall or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts input shaft coupling or output shaft coupling directly are set.
30. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining external rotor tube coupling body is the central minor axis structure between external rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation adaptedly in the inside of apparatus of the present invention, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all are fixedly mounted on the central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between external rotor tube and the central minor axis.
31. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining external rotor tube coupling body is non-circular central minor axis structure between external rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, shaft position is provided with the non-circular central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of apparatus of the present invention, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of non-circular central minor axis, the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts are provided with the non-circular shaft hole suitable with non-circular central minor axis, suitable non-circular central minor axis axle sleeve is set in the non-circular shaft hole, the internal rotor tube is all to be assemblied in axially slidably on the non-circular central minor axis, become the structure of mutual torque drive between external rotor tube and the non-circular central minor axis, on non-circular central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding external rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for external rotor drum adjusting position and to the external rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely.
32. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining external rotor tube coupling body is the sliding bumper structure of central minor axis and torque transfer between external rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, shaft position is provided with the central minor axis of a perforation in the inside of apparatus of the present invention, output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are arranged on the outer end of central minor axis, on the central minor axis, between two rotor drum assemblies or appropriate location is fixed with at least one central turnplate, evenly distribute on the circumference of central turnplate at least two sliding thick sticks of torque transfer that axially run through all external rotor tubes securely are installed, the sliding thick stick circular hole that the end wall of external rotor tube or its shaft coupling parts are provided with center hole and the sliding thick stick of corresponding torque transfer and are used for installing by the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, be provided with axle sleeve in the sliding thick stick circular hole, the external rotor tube is installed on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer by the sliding thick stick circular hole axle sleeve on it, the external rotor tube, the sliding thick stick of torque transfer, form the torque drive structure between central turnplate and the central minor axis, the position of the minimum and maximum air-gap separation of corresponding external rotor tube or minimum and maximum air gap coupling area is provided for external rotor drum adjusting position and to the external rotor tube position-limit mechanism of its locking positioning suitablely on the sliding thick stick of torque transfer.
33. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that used central minor axis or the non-circular central minor axis of joining external rotor tube coupling body is hollow between external rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling.
34. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, be used for that joining external rotor tube coupling body is direct draw bail between external rotor tube and corresponding output shaft coupling or the input shaft coupling, the end wall of the external rotor tube of each rotor drum assembly or the shaft core position of its shaft coupling parts all directly or by suitable output shaft coupling or input shaft coupling are installed on bearing axle or the driving shaft.
35. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, on described external rotor tube and the internal rotor tube, do not place in a side of conductor/armature winding and/or this device and install on other heat generating components, fixing or equipped matched radiator, fin or composite type complex art radiating subassembly, composite type complex art radiating subassembly is to adopt three kinds of air-cooled technical parts, at least wherein the assembly that organically blends of two kinds of technical patterns among rotation heat pipe technology component and the Water Cooling Technology system is provided with ventilating opening on the heat dissipation ventilation passage component corresponding to radiator or fin, wind hole or heat eliminating medium path.
36. as claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft, it is characterized in that, the outer setting of this device has dust cover or setting to have security protection and prevents machine cage or the casing that reveal in magnetic field, they and this device are outermost, only link with external rotor tube and one of them joining assembly of internal rotor tube, perhaps with adaptive radiating subassembly or the cooling system formula structure that combines together, perhaps the machine cage, casing or dust cover setting or merge in addition to this device, on the support or bearing that motor or load are provided with, support or bearing are horizontal type structure or vertical structure.
37. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 21, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
38. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 22, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
39. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 23, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
40. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 24, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
41. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 25, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
42. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 26, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
43. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 27, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, internal rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside external rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of external rotor tube.
44. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 28, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
45. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 29, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
46. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 30, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
47. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 31, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
48. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 32, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
49. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 33, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
50. a kind of permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft as claimed in claim 34, it is characterized in that, in this device, be provided with two and two above rotor drum assemblies, external rotor tube position-limit mechanism on the sliding thick stick of non-round central minor axis or torque transfer is lived with the fixed-site of setting or locking is installed being arranged on, on the cage wall of the barrel of the tubular construction of the outside internal rotor tube coupling body of device or mouse cage shape structure, one group of wall type air-gap separation or air gap coupling area governor motion be set between at least one pair of internal rotor tube.
CN200920160260XU 2009-06-22 2009-06-22 Permanent magnetic coupling device of cylindrical transmission shaft Expired - Lifetime CN201478983U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101841282A (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-09-22 江苏银茂控股(集团)有限公司 Permanent magnet soft starter
WO2010148991A1 (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-12-29 Yu Yali Permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft
CN102751844A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-10-24 西安巨舟电子设备有限公司 Disc type annular magnetic field construction mechanism
CN102810936A (en) * 2012-08-01 2012-12-05 北京工业大学 Peripherally-actuated auxiliary moment generator for under-actuated system
CN102820731A (en) * 2012-08-01 2012-12-12 北京工业大学 Coaxially-driven assistant torque generator of under-actuated system
CN102832782A (en) * 2012-08-01 2012-12-19 北京工业大学 Moment generator based on electromagnetic effect
CN102832781A (en) * 2012-09-07 2012-12-19 西安巨舟电子设备有限公司 Permanent-magnet dipole pair and permanent-magnet coupling device with same
CN103532339A (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-01-22 苏州科睿特能源科技有限公司 Flexible power transmission device
CN103823456A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-05-28 青岛爱地科瑞节能技术有限公司 Magnetic vortex coupling and variable speed control system of centrifugal loading equipment
CN105244156A (en) * 2015-10-17 2016-01-13 李德生 Axial power magnetic conducting ring
CN105305652A (en) * 2015-10-17 2016-02-03 李德生 Three-phase axial electric energy magnetic conduction ring
CN107591987A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-16 安徽沃弗电力科技有限公司 Permanent-magnet speed governor based on air-cooled structure
CN111786535A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-10-16 中原工学院 Multi-group combined type permanent magnet eddy current coupler
WO2021098548A1 (en) * 2019-11-22 2021-05-27 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Magnetic shaft coupling and use and adjustment method thereof

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010148991A1 (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-12-29 Yu Yali Permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft
CN101931308B (en) * 2009-06-22 2012-09-26 余亚莉 Permanent magnet coupling device for cylindrical transmission shaft
CN101841282A (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-09-22 江苏银茂控股(集团)有限公司 Permanent magnet soft starter
CN102751844A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-10-24 西安巨舟电子设备有限公司 Disc type annular magnetic field construction mechanism
CN102751844B (en) * 2012-03-19 2014-12-10 西安巨舟电子设备有限公司 Disc type annular magnetic field construction mechanism
CN102810936A (en) * 2012-08-01 2012-12-05 北京工业大学 Peripherally-actuated auxiliary moment generator for under-actuated system
CN102832782A (en) * 2012-08-01 2012-12-19 北京工业大学 Moment generator based on electromagnetic effect
CN102820731B (en) * 2012-08-01 2015-05-13 北京工业大学 Coaxially-driven assistant torque generator of under-actuated system
CN102820731A (en) * 2012-08-01 2012-12-12 北京工业大学 Coaxially-driven assistant torque generator of under-actuated system
CN102832781B (en) * 2012-09-07 2015-04-22 西安巨舟电子设备有限公司 Permanent-magnet dipole pair and permanent-magnet coupling device with same
CN102832781A (en) * 2012-09-07 2012-12-19 西安巨舟电子设备有限公司 Permanent-magnet dipole pair and permanent-magnet coupling device with same
CN103532339B (en) * 2013-10-21 2016-05-18 苏州科睿特能源科技有限公司 A kind of flexible power delivery apparatus
CN103532339A (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-01-22 苏州科睿特能源科技有限公司 Flexible power transmission device
CN103823456A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-05-28 青岛爱地科瑞节能技术有限公司 Magnetic vortex coupling and variable speed control system of centrifugal loading equipment
CN105244156A (en) * 2015-10-17 2016-01-13 李德生 Axial power magnetic conducting ring
CN105305652A (en) * 2015-10-17 2016-02-03 李德生 Three-phase axial electric energy magnetic conduction ring
CN107591987A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-16 安徽沃弗电力科技有限公司 Permanent-magnet speed governor based on air-cooled structure
CN107591987B (en) * 2017-09-18 2019-06-07 安徽沃弗电力科技有限公司 Permanent-magnet speed governor based on air-cooled structure
WO2021098548A1 (en) * 2019-11-22 2021-05-27 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Magnetic shaft coupling and use and adjustment method thereof
CN111786535A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-10-16 中原工学院 Multi-group combined type permanent magnet eddy current coupler

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