CN201478839U - Intelligent type power load management apparatus - Google Patents

Intelligent type power load management apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201478839U
CN201478839U CN2009201762666U CN200920176266U CN201478839U CN 201478839 U CN201478839 U CN 201478839U CN 2009201762666 U CN2009201762666 U CN 2009201762666U CN 200920176266 U CN200920176266 U CN 200920176266U CN 201478839 U CN201478839 U CN 201478839U
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Prior art keywords
transformer
load
main transformer
main
operation control
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瞿革荣
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瞿革荣
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/70Smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the energy generation sector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/12Monitoring or controlling equipment for energy generation units, e.g. distributed energy generation [DER] or load-side generation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/16Electric power substations

Abstract

The utility model relates to an intelligent type power load management apparatus, which comprises a main transformer, a module for calculating critical point of load, a transformer load detection module and a transformer operation control module; the module for calculating critical point of load is used for calculating a critical valve of the load; the transformer load detection module is used for detecting an actual load of the transformer; the transformer operation control module is used for deciding an input or exit of the main transformer according with the critical valve of the load and the actual load of the main transformer. The intelligent type power load management device detects and controls the power load change condition of a transformer station and an user switchgear house, which makes the transformer always work in an economic operation state, accordingly, an aim for saving power can be reached.

Description

Intelligent electric load management device
Technical field
The utility model relates to power domain, relates in particular to intelligent electric load management device.
Background technology
Electric power is base of social economic development power, is the necessary consumer goods of social life, along with the continuous quickening of China's reform and opening-up and modernization, and the national economy high speed development, living standards of the people improve constantly.The whole society is increasing to the demand of electric power, and is more and more higher to the quality requirements of supply of electric power, and the contradiction between the power supply and demand is also more and more outstanding.Each regional electric load of continuous growth along with China's economic form constantly increases on the one hand, and it is serious power supply shortage power cuts to limit consumption phenomenon to have occurred.Each power plant generating capacity of having to put into high gear to strengthen had so both increased the consumption of the energy, had also caused more discharging wastes simultaneously, had strengthened environmental pollution.People are when using electric energy on the other hand, often can not scientific and reasonable safe electricity consumption, think little of the importance of planned power consumption, electrical energy saving and safety utilization of electric power.The phenomenon of waste electric energy is very serious, has so just aggravated the nervous situation of supply of electric power more.
Electric power carry out the transmission of voltage transitions and electric energy from generating, power supply until electricity consumption need be passed through a plurality of transformers in the process of producing, in each time transformation with transmit in the process of electrical power, transformer self all will have a large amount of electric energy losses, this wherein just comprises meritorious power loss and reactive power loss, the active energy loss becomes copper loss again, and the reactive energy loss becomes iron loss again.Because various transformer has been used in electric power system in a large number, so in the process of whole generating, transmission of electricity, power transformation, distribution and electricity consumption, it is very surprising that the electric energy loss of transformer is totally added up.Show that according to incomplete statistics the electric energy loss of transformer accounts for about 30% of whole electric power system loss.Therefore, conduct a research comprehensively and save the meritorious and reactive loss of transformer, make it to be reduced to a rational operation level, make range transformer all be operated in the economical operation point, the usefulness of giving full play to transformer is very necessary with the purpose that arrives saves energy.
The utility model content
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, intelligent electric load management device is provided, its purpose is, makes transformer be reduced to a rational operation level, makes range transformer all be operated in the economical operation point, gives full play to the usefulness of transformer.
The utility model provides intelligent electric load management device, comprises main transformer, also comprises load critical point computing module, transformer load detection module and transformer operation control module;
Load critical point computing module is used for the critical value of computational load;
The transformer load detection module is used to detect the actual loading of transformer;
The transformer operation control module is according to the input of the actual loading decision main transformer of the critical value of load and main transformer or withdraw from.
Intelligent electric load management device adopts just and detects and control transformer station and user's switchgear house electric load situation of change, makes transformer always work in the economical operation state, thereby reaches the purpose of saves energy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of intelligent electric load management device;
Fig. 2 a and Fig. 2 b are the terminal figure of intelligent electric load management device;
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are casing structure and plane bore size figure;
Fig. 5 is the hardware elementary diagram of intelligent electric load management device;
Fig. 6 a is the interface schematic diagram after intelligent electric load management device powers on;
Fig. 6 b is the normal runnable interface schematic diagram after intelligent electric load management device powers on;
Fig. 7 is the menu function schematic diagram of intelligent electric load management device;
Figure 80 1-Figure 84 1 is the pairing interface of each a feature operation schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Transformer is in the process of voltage of transformation and transmitted power, and self will produce active power loss and reactive power loss.The active power of transformer is relevant with the technical characteristic of transformer again with reactive power loss, produces nonlinear variation simultaneously again along with the variation of load.Therefore, must by reasonably selecting operational mode, strengthen the operational management of transformer, make full use of existing appointed condition, to reach the purpose of saves energy according to the relevant technologies parameter of transformer.
The loss of transformer comprises two parts: no-load loss and load loss, no-load loss is a constant, material and technology decision by transformer, it does not change with the variation of load, load loss is then linear with the load of transformer, under certain loading condition, the loss of transformer is:
P=P0+(S/Se) 2×Pk
Wherein:
P0: transformer noload losses;
Pk: transformer nominal load loss;
S: transformer load;
Se: transformer rated capacity.
To 2 fanout operation main transformers, and the capacity of 2 main transformers is identical, shares out equally load.
During two main transformer fanout operations, transformer loss is:
P2T=2P0+[(S/Se) 2×Pk]/4
During the operation of separate unit main transformer, transformer loss is:
P1T=P0+(S/Se) 2×Pk
Make P2T=P1T, can obtain transformer critical operation load S:
S 2=(4P0×Se 2)/(3×Pk)
In the running, when load during greater than S, it is comparatively economical that two transformers put into operation simultaneously, and when load during less than S, the single transformer operation is comparatively economical.
The same, to different capabilities transformer or many operating transformers, all can calculate economical operation load critical point, according to adjusting operational mode, reach the transformer economic operation purpose then.
Generally speaking, electricity consumer high voltage power distribution chamber or box-type substation have mostly used the transformer operation of two same capabilities, and its amount of capacity is considered according to the electricity consumer maximum load.
When user's high voltage power distribution chamber or box-type substation, the transformer operation of 2 different capabilities is arranged simultaneously, or the transformer that many same capabilities are arranged is when moving simultaneously, can derive transformer economic operation load critical point with formula of mathematical equally, adjust operational mode according to critical load point then, thereby reach the purpose of transformer economic operation.
1. the transformer economic operation mode that has nothing in common with each other of transformer capacity and parameter is judged
P lz = P ozB P dzA P eA 2 - P dzA P dzB ( P eA + P eB ) 2
In the formula:
P LzExpression critical load (KVA), P eIndication transformer rated capacity (KVA), P DzThe loss of expression integrated load, P Dz(KW)=P d+ KQ d, P OzRepresent comprehensive no-load loss, P Oz(KW)=P o+ KQ o, A represents a transformer, and B represents another transformer.When the operating load of real transformer during less than critical load, make A platform transformer put into operation, B platform transformer is out of service.The operating load of real transformer makes A platform and B platform transformer all put into operation during greater than critical load.
Transformer loss is calculated: transformer loss comprises; Active loss and reactive loss two parts.
(1) transformer active loss Δ P=P o+ β 2P d(KW);
P oThe indication transformer active loss, promptly iron loss (kw) can be checked in by product manual; P dIndication transformer short circuit active loss, promptly copper loss (KW) can be checked in by product manual; β indication transformer load factor.
(2) transformer reactive loss Δ Q=Q o+ β 2Q d(KVar);
Q oThe unloaded reactive loss of indication transformer, Q dIndication transformer short circuit reactive loss, i.e. leakage field reactive loss (KVar),
When loading less than critical load, make the single transformer operation, and when loading greater than critical load, two branch through transport row.
2. the transformer economic operation mode of working as many different capabilities and parameter is judged
When n platform and n+1 platform operational mode
P lz = P oz ( n + 1 ) Σ i = 1 n P dzi ( Σ i = 1 n P ei ) 2 - Σ i = 1 n + 1 P dzi ( Σ i = 1 n + 1 P ei ) 2
When loading, be the operation of n platform transformer, and when loading, can adopt the operation of n+1 platform transformer greater than critical load less than critical load.
Device is gathered the real-time load variations situation of each transformer, according to setting load, the input of time-delay control transformer with withdraw from, realize the Transformer Economic operation, reach energy-conservation purpose.In actual the use, should allow transformer be operated under 40%~80% the loading condition, at this moment, the transformer operation is comparatively economical as far as possible.
Device is gathered two sections busbar voltages, 4 transformer high-voltage side electric currents, with two be a unit, by calculating the meritorious of two main transformers, according to the two main transformers situation that puts into operation, the throwing of decision main transformer is moved back simultaneously:
Corresponding main transformer is main transformer A, B:
1) when main transformer A operation, main transformer B cold standby:
As PA>PAHset, send out " main transformer A gets over upper limit alarm " signal through " alarm time-delay ", as " control automatically " pressing plate input, then drop into main transformer B through " time-delay is moved back in throwing "; Automatically the control pressing plate is by the inner designed various logic gate circuit of intelligent electric load management device, makes up, analyzes, judges, divides to carry out the throwing of control pressing plate automatically and move back, according to the needs input of adjusting or withdraw from; Pressing plate is an electric power specialty term, and can be understood as is wire jumper in a switch or the circuit.
2) when main transformer B operation, main transformer A cold standby:
As PB>PBHset, send out " main transformer B gets over upper limit alarm " signal through " alarm time-delay ", as " control automatically " pressing plate input, then drop into main transformer A through " time-delay is moved back in throwing ";
3) when main transformer A, B while fanout operation:
As PA<PALset or PB<PBLset, send out " main transformer A gets over the lower limit alarm " or " main transformer A gets over the lower limit alarm " signal through " alarm time-delay ", as " control automatically " pressing plate input, then withdraw from main transformer B or main transformer A through adjust " time-delay is moved back in throwing "; As PA<PALset and PB<PBLset simultaneously, send out alarm signal through " alarm time-delay ", again through " time-delay is moved back in throwing ", (situation of 2X9~2X12) withdraws from main transformer A or main transformer B according to outside pressing plate.
PA represents the active power of main transformer A, PB represents the active power of main transformer B, PAHset represents the highest setting value of the active power upper limit of main transformer A, PBHset represents the highest setting value of the active power upper limit of main transformer B, PALset represents the highest setting value of active power lower limit of main transformer A, and PBLset represents the highest setting value of active power lower limit of main transformer B.The data acquisition of above physical quantity is to carry out the collection of electric current, voltage by current transformer of switchgear house high-pressure side, low-pressure side (CT) and voltage transformer (PT), and the analog-to-digital conversion by battery saving arrangement obtains real-time data acquisition amount.
The control of main transformer C, D is with above-mentioned.
Do not drop into as " control automatically ", then only send out alarm signal and get final product (existing soft pressing plate also has hard pressing plate).Soft clamp finger be exactly logic switch that various gate circuit is formed in the battery saving arrangement, it can also can pass through background computer by the keyboard button on the device to the microcomputer device operation of adjusting, and carries out remote operation by communication interface (netting twine).Hard pressing plate refers to from device and draws secondary control line cut-off point to the high-tension switch cabinet secondary control loop, and it can drop into or withdraw from as required, is to carry out manual operation by the switchgear house shift electrician.
Device is discerned the transformer operational mode automatically according to electric current and related switch position signalling.Device has the manual operation locking and adjusts function automatically.
Device can be measured the operation conditions of maximum 4 transformers, and sampled value comprises: Ua, Ub, Uc, Ia, Ib, Ic, P, Q, COS Φ, F (4 main transformers of maximum detection); Ua, Ub, Uc represent A, B, C three-phase phase voltage separately, Ia, Ib, Ic represent A, B, C three-phase phase current separately respectively, and P represents the active power of transformer, and P represents the reactive power of transformer, COS Φ represents the power-factor angle in the alternating current circuit, and F represents the frequency values in the alternating current circuit.Remote signalling state acquisitions (38 tunnel) such as each side position of the switch of transformer; Transformer temperature (4 road direct currents, 4~20mA or 0~5V gather); The control of each side switch of transformer (8 switches).
To the time function: device can with the astronomical clock apparatus of GPS carry out synchronously to the time, to the time mode adopt differential mode, can receive pulse per second (PPS) or the pulse of IRIG-B mode;
Self-checking function: the device power on and running in; hardware to device carries out real-time self check; comprise AD self check, definite value self check, outlet self check etc.; latch-up protection after self check makes mistakes; liquid crystal Chinese shows self-detection result simultaneously, divides by communication and uploads " device is unusual " signal, and device provides " power supply disappearance " alarm signal simultaneously; after the device power supply disappears, the contact auto-closing.
Communication function: device can provide following communication modes:
1) RS485 communication: device can provide list/pair RS485 communication modes, and communication protocol is standard IEC 60870-5-103, and this mode is adopted in suggestion; 2) CAN communication: be mainly used in RSP3000 series other and install common composition system; 3) RS485+CAN communication: device can provide the mode of single channel RS485 communication and CAN communication combination, and the RS485 interface provides standard IEC 60870-5-103; 4) ethernet communication: device can provide the single net/pair net Ethernet communication based on ICP/IP protocol, and stipulations are standard IEC 60870-5-103, and this moment, device can not provide RS485 and CAN communication modes.
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of intelligent electric load management device; This device is made up of following a few part:
A. alternating current input (alternating current sampling): gathered by current transformer (CT) secondary side in the switchgear house high-tension switch cabinet, (CT) in standing in all transformer high-voltage side switch cubicles all gathers and is tapped in the device.
B. alternating voltage input (alternating voltage sampling): by connecting I in the switchgear house high-tension switch cabinet #Bus and II #Bus-bar potential transformer (PT) secondary side is gathered.Generally speaking, two sections buses are arranged in the switchgear house high-tension switch cabinet, the collection of two groups of busbar voltage supplying apparatus is promptly arranged.
C. installing the operate as normal power supply is DC power system power supply (being generally direct current 220v or 110v) in the switchgear house.
D. device needs each high and low pressure switch input signal loop of collection to be called for short " opening into the amount acquisition circuit ".All electric physical quantitys that need to monitor, analyze, judge in the switchgear house are comprised the running status of high and low pressure switch, non-electric charge quantity signalling access devices such as the temperature of transformer, pressure release, methane gas electric weight and signal measurement.
E. device is with alternating current, the voltage (AC sampling value) of all collections and open into central processing unit analysis, judgement, the arrangement of amount collection value by device inside, the issue device action command, switchgear house high and low pressure switch is controlled, both can jump each high and low pressure switch, can close each high and low pressure switch again; Meanwhile, also can send a series of device alarm signals, disappear, install internal fault, device action signal etc. as DC power supply.Claim that this is the amount of leaving (promptly installing the output variable after logic analysis, judgement).
F. communication interface loop, device can provide multiple communication mode such as RS485, CAN, Ethernet can carry out the function such as monitoring, control, storage of background computer by the communication netting twine, can realize distribution automation, i.e. " three is distant " function: remote measurement, remote control and remote signalling.All communication protocols all satisfy the IEC standard.
It is as follows to install between each module signal processing flow:
At first device is to be core with microprocessor (CPU), electric equipment real-time status data according to electric power system (switchgear house) operation that data acquisition system collected, follow the tracks of, monitor, analyze, judge the electric load situation of change according to given algorithm, the various data of gathering are in real time analyzed and handled, send instruction, whether trip, close a floodgate, whether report to the police etc.
The input channel of device refers generally to open into quantity collection system, and alternating current, voltage and some high and low pressure switch transformer quantity of states are input to device inside through the A/D analog to digital converter.
The sampling maintenance and the low-pass filtering loop of device: comprise that sampling keeps and the low-pass filtering loop, must hold through the over-sampling code insurance, just can export to stable acquired signal of central processing unit (CPU) through the voltage signal that overcurrent, voltage changer are gathered.
High frequency filter loop: in the process of data acquisition, often comprised many high frequency signals.Common various computer control device all is need to gather power frequency variation, and in the process of sampling if the high-frequency signal amount, frequency of occurrences aliasing is taken place.Therefore, require the high fdrequency component of restriction input signal to add the low-pass filtering loop before.
Analog-to-digital conversion (A/D) loop:, all be analog signal and install input channel loop obtained electric current, voltage signal and switch state signal and transformer operating state signal etc. because the central processing unit (CPU) of device only calculates digital quantity.Therefore, must be digital signal through analog-to-digital conversion with the resulting analog signal amount of sampling, analog-to-digital process is exactly in fact the process that analog signal is quantized and encodes.
Device digital core part: central processing unit (CPU) generally is made up of institutes such as CPU, memory, timer, counter, house dogs, and the data of a large amount of collections are analyzed, judged and handle.
The output loop of device: refer generally to through the digital signal after central processing unit (CPU) computing, digital-to-analogue conversion becomes analog electrical signal again through D/A, remove inner each midget relay of drive unit, make its action, junction closure, send the switch breaking or the order of closing a floodgate, can also send various signal indications and device abnormal alarm simultaneously.
The communication interface loop: device can adopt serial communication interface RS-485/RS-232, and communication protocol satisfies the IEC standard, also can adopt Ethernet interface communication interface 10/100Base-T Etherent.The Chinesizing of communication protocol TCP/SP Modbus Tcl large-screen lc shows, adopts high brightness backlights formula LCD Chinese to show the two poles of the earth, resolution 320 * 240 pixels.
Displaying contents: the real-time electrical parameter of each electric equipment, various definite values and relevant open into, leave the loop and monitor action situation etc.
The 1X to 8X shown in the plate winding diagram is that finger device can be made up of No. 1 plug-in unit to 8 plug-in unit behind the intelligent electric load management device, as for 1X1-1X10 is in the finger device behind No. 1 circuit card, No. 1 good binding post of binding post to 1, the such sign of 8X9-18X16 have equally also been expressed No. 9 binding post to 16 binding posts behind the circuit card No. 8.
After the device amount of opening is gathered, according to continuous type voltage, after current input signal process discrete sampling and analog to digital conversion become the digital quantity that can be used for Computer Processing, computer will be analyzed and calculate and determine the required electric parameters parameter of device these digital quantities (sampled value), the upper limit value and lower limit value (P that divides the operating characteristics equation that configures according to these CALCULATION OF PARAMETERS result and device and transformer capacity to set ALset, P BLset, P AHset, P BHset) by relatively judging the action behavior of determination device, thus whether determination device moves.
Fig. 2 a and Fig. 2 b are the device end subgraphs; Intelligent electric load management device is made up of 7~10 groups of printed circuit board plug-ins, and each group circuit board plug-in all has different functions of use, and is between each plug-in unit not only relatively independent but also connect each other.
1X plug-in unit-device DC power supply plate comprises forceful electric power power supply 220V or 110V, light current power supply 48V or 24V and current vanishes alarm loop.
2X, 3X plug-in unit-alternating current, voltage sampling circuit plate can independently be gathered 2 groups of busbar voltages and each transformer high-voltage side current value of whole high voltage power distribution chamber.
4X plug-in unit-device main number core, central processing unit (CPU) and device various logic functions coding, various logic functions that can implement device, if can trip and excise each transformer function, the manual control of implement device and control automatically cooperate transformer station's distribution automation system, can realize a distant place " three is distant " function by communication interface netting twine and background monitoring machine, be remote measurement, remote signalling, distant control function.
The 5X plug-in unit-mainly be the non-electric charge quantity signalling of some high and low pressure switch running status location variations of the required collection of access device and each transformer running status of high voltage power distribution chamber, as: signals such as temperature, pressure, oil temperature, air cooling, methane gas.
6X, 7X plug-in unit-mainly be that the various data that device will collect are analyzed, compare, judge, put in order, send the midget relay action of some instruction drive unit inside, thereby the finishing device output switch trip or the order of closing a floodgate, and some device action signal alert command.
Annotate: according to operational mode of reality of each user's high voltage power distribution chamber, device can be realized extending entering plate and leave plate, can increase the quantity of circuit board plug-in, thereby satisfy actual needs.
Device adopts 19 cun standard 5U of half storey cabinet, is installed in screen cashier's office in a shop with embedded mode, and casing structure and plane bore size figure be Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4 respectively:
The plug-in unit of component devices has: 1) power insert (DC): the DC power supply input, the voltage that the output supplying apparatus uses: 5V, ± 12V, 24V and remote signalling collection 24V power supply; 4 road 0-5V or the input of 4-20mA DC quantity are used to gather the main transformer temperature; 2) exchange plug-in unit (AC): on-the-spot primary current (pressure) by the secondary isolation instrument transformer, is converted to the required secondary singal of device sampling, can inserts 2 at most and exchange plate, totally 18 road of acs; 3) mainboard (CPU): with 32 bit DSPs is that core is expanded the ground Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, provides 15 the tunnel to open into amount collection (device provides the 24V power supply) simultaneously; 4) open entering plate (YX): on-the-spot switch acquisition; 5) exit plate (YK): exit relay and signal relay output board; 6) display floater (LCD): device man-machine interface; 7) bus backplane (BUS): each plate signal connects in the device.
The device hardware elementary diagram comprises by the input signal that exchanges plug-in unit shown in 5, the A/D modular converter, and DSP, I/O, CPU, liquid crystal display, light is every module, exit relay, power supply is formed; DSP in the device and CPU must act on respectively and being presented as: DSP is a kind of digital signal processor, it is for carrying out the microprocessor with special construction that quick mathematical operation designs, the outstanding feature of DSP is the strong precision height of computing capability, bus speed is fast, throughput is big, especially the summit and the floating valency of adding some points that adopt dress to realize with hardware, take advantage of (matrix) computing, speed is very fast, DSP is applied to can greatly shorten digital filtering in the device, the computing time of filter preface and Fourier Transform Algorithm, not only can finish the function of data acquisition signal processing and can also finish the calculation function of in the past mainly finishing by CPU, CPU main system in the device comprises microprocessor (CPU) read-only memory (generally using EPROM) random-access memory (ram) and timer etc., CPU carries out the program that leaves among the EPROM, which analyzing and processing the initial data that inputed to the RAM district by data acquisition system and you are selected, the various functions that finishing device is required.
Device is outside open into concrete implication be: when device need take some that the useful volume switch input variable (abbreviation is opened into amount) of this device is analyzed when relatively judging from outside other electric equipment, should be linked to device related circuit card by the secondary control cable, specify 4DL high-pressure side, 3DL high-pressure side, 2DL high-pressure side, 1DL high-pressure side and refer to a transformer station or high voltage power distribution chamber when having 4 transformers (gathering 4 at most) operation, individual transformer high-voltage side circuit breaker (switch) judges that their 4 circuit breakers (switch) are for "on" position or gate-dividing state, in like manner the 1DL-4DL low-pressure side is meant 4 step down side switches of operation, judge that their 4 circuit breakers (switch) are for "on" position or gate-dividing state, be meant that as for remote signalling amount (open into) each telemetered signal amount access device of switchgear house, term device can correctly judge the required remote signal amount of various devices that shows.
Intelligent electric load management device uses 128 * 64 large-screen Chinese character LCD.
Liquid crystal is closed bias light when normal operation, bias light is lighted as button operation or when Trouble Report is arranged.When dispatching from the factory, the contrast of display degree was adjusted, and the contrast of display degree can be adjusted by adjustable resistance because temperature contrast need be adjusted contrast in different regions.
After device powers on, will show a, and finish the family, back at system initialization and enter normal display interface or release incident/warning information as Fig. 6.
Remind: will carry out self check to assembling device in the system initialization process,, then enter normal display interface immediately if self check is passed through, the running indicator flicker, otherwise can release alarm/event information, divide with alarm or coherent signal indicator light.
▲ note: if device powers on and do not pass through, divide and follow " alarm " indicator light, should consult the specifying information branch and suitably handle.
Device will show information such as the effective value of current operation definite value area code, date and time information, voltage and phase angle in turn in normal display frame, shown in Fig. 6 b;
Menu structure and content: command menu is the tree structure multilevel menu, the main menu that keypad " affirmation " key can access to plant, with " ▲ ", The key moving cursor is selected corresponding clauses and subclauses, can enter the next stage menu by " affirmation " key, returns previous menu by " cancellation " key.Be still that as the next stage menu menu selects, can continue by " ▲ ", Key selects corresponding clauses and subclauses to enter the next stage picture by " affirmation " key.To general screen " ▲ " Key is the cursor adjustment, and the data that can revise are used Key is made amendment to data, divides in the corresponding numerical value write memory.For choice menus, after cursor moves on to assigned address, can enter in the project that to select by " affirmation " key.The device menu function is as shown in Figure 7:
Operation keyboard and function
" affirmation ": be used for operation acknowledgement or preserve data or enter the next stage menu; " cancellation ": be used to cancel faulty operation or return previous menu; " involution ": involution protection event information and the output of accident resultant signal contact; Move down cursor, select the action required project; Left Arrow; Right Arrow; " ▲ ": the cursor that moves up, select the action required project; Fixed value modification; Fixed value modification; Various indicator light implications on the device; The " RUN " lamp: when device normally moves, this lamp flicker; The long bright or long indication device cisco unity malfunction that goes out of lamp." communication " lamp: device and upper machine communication just often, the flicker of this lamp; The long bright or long indication device communication of going out of lamp stops." action ": when device normally moved, this lamp extinguished; This lamp is lighted when the defencive function that takes place to need outlet to trip moves; After having only artificial (distant place or scheduling) involution, lamp just goes out." alarm ": when device normally moved, this lamp extinguished; This lamp is not lighted when generation need not export the defencive function action of tripping operation; After fault was eliminated, this lamp extinguished automatically." tripping operation " lamp: device trip position signal lamp." combined floodgate " lamp: device closing position signal lamp." standby " lamp: defined according to the different device demand.
Feature operation
Introducing menu and keyboard operation according to functional object, is example with RSP2010L, and the operation of other devices can reference.
Main menu: under normal display frame, enter main menu, main menu such as Figure 80 1 by " affirmation " key; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key.Sampling: as Figure 80 2; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key.Protection monitors: the menu content displayed is that device is gathered corresponding protection of ac amplitude, as Figure 80 3; Measure and monitor: the menu content displayed is that the of ac amplitude is measured in the device collection accordingly, as Figure 80 4; One sub-value: enter corresponding submenu by " affirmation " key, turn back to last picture by " cancellation " key, as Figure 80 5; Two sub-values: enter corresponding submenu by " affirmation " key, turn back to last picture by " cancellation " key, as Figure 80 6; Open into supervision: opening into supervision menu content displayed is the corresponding switching value virtual condition of device collection, as Figure 80 7; Electric degree monitors: displaying contents is the calculating electric degree of device, as Figure 80 8; Calculate electric degree: enter corresponding submenu by " affirmation " key, turn back to last picture by " cancellation " key, as Figure 80 9; P+ is that forward is meritorious, and Q+ is that forward is idle, and P-is oppositely meritorious, and Q-is for oppositely idle; Pulse electric degree: enter corresponding submenu by " affirmation " key, turn back to last picture by " cancellation " key, as Figure 81 0; MC0 is that first via step-by-step counting, MC1 are the second tunnel step-by-step counting; CM0 is that the first via is calculated Pulse Electric tolerance, CM1 is the second tunnel calculating Pulse Electric tolerance; Phase place monitors: displaying contents is that device is gathered the phase relation between the voltage, as Figure 81 1; Operating condition monitoring: displaying contents is device tripping operation, combined floodgate number of times statistics, and device number of resets statistics is as Figure 81 2; Definite value such as Figure 81 3; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key.Check definite value: the definite value in the current operation definite value of display unit district, only check definite value, as Figure 81 4 for the operations staff; Numerical value definite value: as Figure 81 5; Software pressing plate: as Figure 81 6; Outlet configuration: as Figure 81 7; This outlet configuration corresponding intrument " is left plate " 3X; totally 12 from right to left; 12 exit relays of the corresponding 3X terminal of difference; (the corresponding contact 1 of 3X1,3X2; the corresponding contact 2...... of 3X3,3X4), each protection all can be configured on the exit relay that needs, when the corresponding positions set by the engineering actual demand; after this protection action, this correspondence.
Definite value is switched: with "+" key definite value district (also can use the definite value switch key) that selection will be switched with "-" key.Get final product by " cancellation " key if will abandon definite value switches this moment.Begin to switch definite value by " affirmation " key, system prompt input password, its operating process is switched with pressing plate, no longer repeats at this, as Figure 81 8;
Device can provide many cover definite values district for storage, before carrying out the definite value switching, must guarantee that there has been definite value in the definite value district that is about to incision, otherwise can not switch.Available fixed value modification order writes many cover definite values earlier, switches again.Fixed value adjusting: the definite value of adjusting is divided into numerical value definite value, pressing plate definite value and three contents of outlet logic.Notice that definite value is not out-of-limit, otherwise it is invalid to adjust.After entering the fixed value modification window, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected location revision, carries out numerical value with "+" key and "-" key and revises.In this submenu, can throw the control word significance bit easily and move back, as Figure 81 9; Numerical value definite value: as Figure 82 0; Software pressing plate: as Figure 82 1; Outlet configuration: as Figure 82 2; This outlet configuration corresponding intrument " is left plate " 3X, corresponding intrument 3X1 respectively from right to left, 3X2...... etc. 12 road leave, and each protection all can be configured on the exit relay that needs by the engineering actual demand.Definite value is duplicated: if " source definite value district " is 0, " purpose definite value district " is 1, and by behind " affirmation " key, the definite value in 0 definite value district just is copied to 1 definite value district, as Figure 82 3; Outlet: the corresponding relation between each defencive function action outlet of inking device and each way outlet relay of device, each protection all can be configured on the exit relay that needs, as Figure 82 4 by the engineering actual demand; Acquiescence: to the definite value of the current area code default setting that dispatches from the factory, as Figure 82 5; Parameter: under display frame, enter the parameter menu, menu such as Figure 82 6 by " affirmation " key; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key.Alternating-current parameter: actual no-load voltage ratio and the metering system of CT, the PT at this interval can be set, as Figure 82 7; Communications parameter: can setting device address and communication speed.Unit address: 0~128; 485 baud rates have 4800B/S, 9600B/S, three kinds of settings of 19200B/S, and Default Value is 9600B/S; As Figure 82 8; Remote signalling parameter: each remote signalling can be set respectively go the time of trembling, generally be set at 0.12 second, as Figure 82 9; Remote control parameter: each remote control pulsewidth time can be set respectively, generally be set at 0.300 second, as Figure 83 0; Electric degree parameter: the initial value that calculates electric degree is provided with, as Figure 83 1; Acquiescence: to the definite value of the current area code default setting that dispatches from the factory, as Figure 83 2; Incident: under display frame, enter Events Menu, menu such as Figure 83 3 by " affirmation " key; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key.Protection incident: can show corresponding protection type of action, separate respectively, operating value; Remote signalling incident: can show corresponding remote signalling displacement character, time respectively; Self check incident: can distinguish display unit self check information attribute, time; Time: the time is adjusted and to be used for not have and other installs under the situation of communication, and this device is carried out time adjustment; Otherwise it is invalid to change, as Figure 83 4; Other: under display frame, enter other menus, menu such as Figure 83 5 by " affirmation " key; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key, Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key.Software information: version information software for display version number, modification time etc., as Figure 83 6; Remove function: Protection Counter Functions is used for each incident is removed, as Figure 83 7; Calibration function: use when producer's debugging is debugged for manufacturer, mainly carry out the adjustment of sampling precision, all passed through verification before device dispatches from the factory, the general user need not to enter this menu; As Figure 83 8; Password: Password Management, operator password and system password to be set, the password setting of dispatching from the factory is " 0000 ", as Figure 83 9; After entering main menu, can use " ▲ " key, Key is selected corresponding menu item, enters corresponding submenu or carries out corresponding operation by " affirmation " key, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key; As Figure 84 0; After entering main menu, can make amendment to password, revise the back that finishes and whether preserve by " affirmation " key system prompt with "+" key, "-", Key or Key is selected corresponding menu item, turns back to last picture by " cancellation " key; As Figure 84 1;
The development of intelligent electric load management device Products Development, its basic foundation is the successful experience of automation of transformation substations technology for many years, the particularly practice of layered distribution type system configuration makes the structure of transformer station, GPA system and performance that great variation take place.Layer distributed is conceptive strengthening, and this device is not only strengthened the reasonable distribution of bay device and functional configuration, emphasis was also placed on transformer station, power plant layer function and configuration configurable, portable; By adopting the hardware platform and the multiple operation maintenance analysis tool of high standardization, strengthened the operation information transparence degree of transformer station, power plant equipment, eliminate the accident of unknown cause, improve the product design level.This product directly adopts the field bus communication technology, adopts enhancement mode not have the balanced type eCAN communication mode or the ethernet communication of bottleneck between each module of internal system, thereby has realized a whole set of quick response system.
The monitoring of transformer electric load is based on hardware platform with the economical operation management devices and researches and develops new generation product exploitation, that have independent intellectual property right voluntarily.This platform tool has following characteristics: the high standard hardware designs: many CPU designs, host CPU adopts the 32 bit DSP chip technologies of dominant frequency up to 150MHz, have stronger mathematics and logical operation capability, analog-to-digital conversion is 14 bit synchronization chips, and the precision height, response is fast, the stability of a system is good; Man-machine interface close friend: the liquid crystal Chinese of 128 * 64 dot matrix shows that simple to operation, tree-shaped menu is short and sweet; Reliable self-checking function: perfect device self-diagnosing function, make easy maintenance, improved the safe operation reliability; The Multiple Combination logic is adopted in outlet, and the trouble shooting of increasing export guarantees 100% accuracy and the fail safe of export operation; High-level Electro Magnetic Compatibility: this series system controlled by computer automated system has given unprecedented attention to the whole Electro Magnetic Compatibility that improves product.The device design no longer is confined to some part and satisfies anti-interference standard, but carries out EMC Design from each links such as interchange input, DC power supply, switching value input, switching value output and communication of device.Can select to adopt RS485, eCAN or ethernet communication mode, support kinds of protect transmission protocol on-line selection such as IEC 60870-5-103 promulgated by the ministries or commissions of the Central Government, conveniently carry out communication and be connected with various management systems; Unified coding, favorable expandability are adopted in communication; Modularized hardware, software design, the convenient updating and management of realizing product; Device have GPS to the time function, can receive pulse per second (PPS) mode or the pulse of IRIG-B form; 19 inches cabinets of standard 5U height half storey, the back of the body is inserted the formula structure, and the strong and weak electricity of device separates fully, improves the insulation and the interference free performance of product, and each input/output signal is by the function modoularization design, and each plate independently is provided with, and convenient on-the-spot maintenance is changed.
Those skilled in the art can also carry out various modifications to above content under the condition that does not break away from the definite spirit and scope of the present utility model of claims.Therefore scope branch of the present utility model is not limited only to above explanation, but determine by the scope of claims.

Claims (10)

1. intelligent electric load management device comprises main transformer, it is characterized in that, also comprises load critical point computing module, transformer load detection module and transformer operation control module;
Load critical point computing module is used for the critical value of computational load;
The transformer load detection module is used to detect the actual loading of transformer;
The transformer operation control module is used for according to the input of the actual loading decision main transformer of the critical value of load and main transformer or withdraws from.
2. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, two fanout operation main transformers are being arranged, and under the identical situation of the capacity of two main transformers, load critical point computing module is according to the critical value of following formula computational load:
S? 2=(4P0×Se 2)/(3×Pk);
Wherein, S is the critical value of load, and P0 is the no-load loss of separate unit main transformer, and Se is the rated capacity of separate unit main transformer, and Pk is the nominal load loss of separate unit main transformer;
When actual loading during greater than S, two main transformers of transformer operation control module control drop into simultaneously; When actual loading during less than S, main transformer input of transformer operation control module control, a main transformer of perhaps controlling in two main transformers withdraws from.
3. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, two fanout operation main transformers are being arranged, and under the different situation of the capacity of two main transformers, load critical point computing module is according to the critical value of following formula computational load:
P lz = P ozB P dzA P eA 2 - P dzA P dzB ( P eA + P eB ) 2 ;
Wherein, P LzThe expression critical value, P EARepresent first main transformer rated capacity, P DzAThe loss of first main transformer integrated load of expression, P EBRepresent second main transformer rated capacity, P DzBThe loss of second main transformer integrated load of expression, P OzBRepresent second the comprehensive no-load loss of main transformer;
When actual loading greater than P LzThe time, two main transformers of transformer operation control module control drop into simultaneously; When actual loading less than P LzThe time, second main transformer of transformer operation control module control withdraws from, and perhaps controls first main transformer input.
4. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, n+1 platform fanout operation main transformer is being arranged, and under the different situation of the capacity of n+1 platform main transformer, load critical point computing module is according to the critical value of following formula computational load:
P lz = P oz ( n + 1 ) Σ i = 1 n P dzi ( Σ i = 1 n P ei ) 2 - Σ i = 1 n + 1 P dzi ( Σ i = 1 n + 1 P ei ) 2 ;
P LzThe expression critical value, P EiRepresent i platform main transformer rated capacity, P DziRepresent the loss of i platform main transformer integrated load, P Oz (n+1)Represent the comprehensive no-load loss of n+1 platform main transformer; N, i are natural number;
When actual loading greater than P LzThe time, transformer operation control module control n+1 platform transformer drops into simultaneously; When actual loading less than P LzThe time, the transformer operation control module is controlled n+1 platform transformer and is withdrawed from, and perhaps controls the 1st transformer to the n platform transformer and drops into simultaneously.
5. as any described intelligent electric load management device of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that the also further active power according to main transformer of transformer operation control module determines the input of main transformer or withdraws from;
Greater than the active power upper limit of this main transformer during high setting value, the control of transformer operation control module is in the main transformer input of stand-by state in the active power of an in running order main transformer;
All less than the active power lower limit of this main transformer during high setting value, the transformer operation control module is controlled any main transformer and is withdrawed from the active power of two in running order main transformers;
During high setting value, control this main transformer and withdraw from by the transformer operation control module less than the active power lower limit of this main transformer for the active power of a main transformer in two in running order main transformers.
6. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, the also further active power according to main transformer of transformer operation control module determines the input of main transformer or withdraws from;
During high setting value, the control of transformer operation control module is in the n+1 platform main transformer input of stand-by state to the active power of any main transformer in the 1st in running order main transformer to the n platform main transformer greater than the active power upper limit of this main transformer;
During high setting value, control n+1 platform main transformer and withdraw from by the transformer operation control module less than the active power lower limit of this main transformer for the active power of any main transformer in the 1st in running order main transformer to the n platform main transformer.
7. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the transformer load detection module comprises: the alternating voltage sampling module that is used to carry out voltage sample, be used to carry out the alternating current sampling module of current sample, be used for the analog signal filter circuit that carries out filtering to sampling, being used for filtered analog signal conversion is the analog-to-digital conversion module of digital signal, and the DSP that calculates the main transformer actual loading according to the digital signal after the conversion.
8. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, the transformer load detection module also comprises: be used to open opening into the amount sampling module into the amount sampling.
9. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, load critical point computing module comprises CPU, the critical value of this CPU computational load.
10. intelligent electric load management device as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that, the transformer operation control module comprises described CPU, the input of the main transformer actual loading that described CPU sends according to the critical value of load and DSP and the critical value decision main transformer of load or withdraw from.
CN2009201762666U 2009-09-07 2009-09-07 Intelligent type power load management apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN201478839U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101969234A (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-02-09 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 Optimization control method of transformer load of transformer substation automation system
CN101976849A (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-02-16 山东计保电气有限公司 Method and device for intelligently switching on and off transformer set
CN101640425B (en) * 2009-09-07 2012-07-25 瞿革荣 Intelligent electric load management device
CN102655347A (en) * 2011-03-02 2012-09-05 辽宁省电力有限公司 Online automatic checking method for soft pressing plate
CN103399218A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-11-20 沈阳工业大学 Device and method for predicting load index of switch cabinet

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101640425B (en) * 2009-09-07 2012-07-25 瞿革荣 Intelligent electric load management device
CN101976849A (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-02-16 山东计保电气有限公司 Method and device for intelligently switching on and off transformer set
CN101976849B (en) * 2010-09-30 2012-10-10 山东计保电气有限公司 Method and device for intelligently switching on and off transformer set
CN101969234A (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-02-09 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 Optimization control method of transformer load of transformer substation automation system
CN101969234B (en) * 2010-11-17 2012-12-05 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 Optimization control method of transformer load of transformer substation automation system
CN102655347A (en) * 2011-03-02 2012-09-05 辽宁省电力有限公司 Online automatic checking method for soft pressing plate
CN103399218A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-11-20 沈阳工业大学 Device and method for predicting load index of switch cabinet
CN103399218B (en) * 2013-06-21 2015-12-02 沈阳工业大学 A kind of load index of switch cabinet prediction unit and method

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