CN201470824U - Manipulator for investment casting of shells - Google Patents

Manipulator for investment casting of shells Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201470824U
CN201470824U CN2009201901457U CN200920190145U CN201470824U CN 201470824 U CN201470824 U CN 201470824U CN 2009201901457 U CN2009201901457 U CN 2009201901457U CN 200920190145 U CN200920190145 U CN 200920190145U CN 201470824 U CN201470824 U CN 201470824U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
reducing motor
fixed
linking arm
hydraulic cylinder
arm assembly
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009201901457U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
应万才
陆平
胡伟炳
Original Assignee
应万才
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 应万才 filed Critical 应万才
Priority to CN2009201901457U priority Critical patent/CN201470824U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201470824U publication Critical patent/CN201470824U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a manipulator for the investment casting of shells, which comprises a body, a hanger (19), a rocker component and a connecting arm assembly, the hanger (19) can clamp a plurality of mold shells, the rocker component can swing the hanger (19) around, the connecting arm assembly can drive the hanger (19) to rotate and revolve around the rocker component, the rocker component is rotatably connected with the body, the connecting arm assembly is rotatably connected with the rocker component, and the hanger (19) is detachably connected with the connecting arm assembly. The manipulator can reduce labor intensity and increase working efficiency, meanwhile, the structure is simple, the price is moderate, and the manipulator can improve the operating environment and is applicable to various mold shells, in particular to large mold shells.

Description

Shell making mechanical hand for investment casting
Technical field
The utility model relates to model casting equipment, specifically is a kind of shell making mechanical hand for investment casting.
Background technology
System shell operation comprises is stained with slurry, stucco, sclerosis, dry flow process, and the system shell of model casting manufacturer generally all is to adopt manual system shell, stucco at present, and this flow process will repeat just can finish for 5-8 time the making of shell, labour intensity height like this.Formwork need be in that to be stained with slurry bucket and stucco place repeatedly laterally mobile and move up and down, otherwise the angle of the change product that stops, make its be stained with the slurry and stucco even, inefficiency like this, and influenced greatly by human factor, if angle does not forward the position to, can make its be stained with the slurry and stucco inhomogeneous, will cause system chitin amount instability, also cause sand grains to be scattered on the ground simultaneously easily, make operating environment poor.Particularly ward off in the system process in large-scale shell mould, the single-piece Heavy Weight, large-scale has more than 100 kilograms, and general also have a 20-30 kilogram, and manual system shell, loose sand be difficulty very, at this time needs other main equipments to carry out booster action and just can finish, and makes complicated operation.At present the quite high shell making mechanical hand of automaticity is also arranged abroad, be provided with six-freedom degree, adopt state-of-the-art hydraulic component, but its complex structure costs an arm and a leg, can't bear for domestic general medium and small foundry enterprise.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, provide a kind of can not only reduce labour intensity and increase work efficiency, simultaneously simple in structure, moderate, can improve operating environment and suitable all kinds formwork, be specially adapted to the shell making mechanical hand for investment casting of large-scale formwork.
The technical solution of the utility model is, a kind of shell making mechanical hand for investment casting with following structure is provided, but comprise a plurality of formworks of body clamping articulated device, can make articulated device up and down and the rocker assembly that swings, can make the articulated device rotation and around the linking arm assembly of rocker assembly revolution, described rocker assembly body is rotationally connected, described linking arm assembly and rocker assembly are rotationally connected, and described articulated device is connected with the linking arm assembly is removable.
After adopting above structure, the utility model compared with prior art, have following remarkable advantage and beneficial effect: but because a plurality of formworks of described articulated device clamping, increase the quantity of every batch of clamping, increase work efficiency, and by body, rocker assembly and linking arm assembly make that articulated device can up and down and swing, rotation and around the rocker assembly revolution, simple in structure, and angle that can omnibearing change clamping formwork, make formwork be stained with slurry and stucco even.Described rocker assembly and body are rotationally connected, rocker assembly can make formwork move being stained with slurry bucket and stucco place, described linking arm assembly and rocker assembly are rotationally connected, can make formwork from be stained with the slurry bucket, take out or put into, by mechanization work, alleviate labour intensity like this, simultaneously can make big or small pattern shell, in moving process, sand grains also is difficult for being scattered on the ground, can effectively improve operating environment.Described articulated device is connected with the linking arm assembly is removable, make formwork elder generation clamping to articulated device, and then the articulated device clamping to the linking arm assembly, just can be to articulated device before so each manipulator work formwork elder generation clamping, wait for manipulator work intact just can the horse back clamping to the linking arm assembly, improved operating efficiency greatly, above device all can adopt parts general on the market, make moderate cost of the present utility model, domestic general medium and small foundry enterprise can both bear.
As improvement, described body comprises base plate, rotary disk basement, rotating shaft, reducing motor I, frame, pinion, gear wheel, flange, described rotary disk basement is fixed on the base plate, described rotating shaft is rotatably connected in the rotary disk basement, the upper end of described rotating shaft is fixed with gear wheel and flange, the output shaft of described pinion and reducing motor I is fixed, described gear wheel and pinion, described reducing motor I is fixed on the frame, described frame and rotary disk basement are fixed, by the body of above this structure, compact conformation, can drive rocker assembly by 360 degree by reducing motor I, rocker assembly can be rotated flexibly.
As improvement, described rocker assembly comprises rotating disk, hydraulic cylinder I, column, rocking bar, hydraulic cylinder II, the cylinder sleeve of described hydraulic cylinder I and rotating disk one end are fixed, one end of the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder I and rocking bar is fixed, the bottom of described column is fixed on the other end of rotating disk, the top of described column and the centre of rocking bar are hinged, the cylinder sleeve of described hydraulic cylinder II is fixed on the rocking bar, the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II and linking arm assembly are fixed, rocking bar is that fulcrum swings up and down good stability with the column by hydraulic cylinder I and hydraulic cylinder II.
As improvement, described linking arm assembly comprises linking arm, reducing motor II, reducing motor III, sleeve, bearing block, fixed head, described bearing block and linking arm and reducing motor II fix, the output shaft of described reducing motor II passes bearing block and fixed head one side is fixed, the output shaft of described reducing motor II is rotationally connected by two bearing I II and bearing block, the outer ring of described two bearing I II all with the bearing block close-fitting, the inner ring of described two bearing I II all with the output shaft close-fitting of reducing motor II, described reducing motor III is fixed on the opposite side of fixed head, the axis of the output shaft of described reducing motor II is vertical with rocking bar, the axis normal of the output shaft of the axis of the output shaft of described reducing motor III and reducing motor II, described sleeve are fixed on the output shaft of reducing motor III; The piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II and linking arm assembly fixedly are meant, the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II and the center fixed of linking arm; Linking arm assembly by this structure can make articulated device articulated device be revolved round the sun rotation around rocking bar, can multi-angle rotate flexibly after making articulated device load onto formwork.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a shell making mechanical hand for investment casting master TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
As shown in the figure: 1, rocking bar, 2, hydraulic cylinder I, 3, column, 4, hydraulic cylinder II, 5, rotating disk, 6, connecting plate, 7, flange, 8, gear wheel, 9, pinion, 10, frame, 11, reducing motor I, 12, base plate, 13, bearing I, 14, rotating shaft, 15, rotary disk basement, 16, bearing I I, 17, linking arm, 18, reducing motor III, 19, articulated device, 19.1, peg, 20, reducing motor II, 21, fixed head, 22, sleeve, 23, latch, 24, bearing block, 25, bearing I II.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, shell making mechanical hand for investment casting of the present utility model, but comprise a plurality of formworks of body clamping articulated device 19, can make articulated device about in the of 19 and the rocker assembly that swings, can make articulated device 19 rotations and around the linking arm assembly of rocker assembly revolution; Described rocker assembly and body are rotationally connected, and described linking arm assembly and rocker assembly are rotationally connected, and described articulated device is connected with the linking arm assembly is removable.
Described body comprises base plate 12, rotary disk basement 15, rotating shaft 14, reducing motor I 11, frame 10, pinion 9, gear wheel 8, flange 7, described rotary disk basement 15 is fixed on the base plate 12, described rotating shaft 14 is rotatably connected in the rotary disk basement 15, the upper end of described rotating shaft 14 is fixed with gear wheel 8 and flange 7, described pinion 9 is fixed with the output shaft of reducing motor I 11, described gear wheel 8 and pinion 9 engagements, the output shaft of reducing motor I 11 drives pinion 9, pinion 9 drives gear wheel 8, gear wheel 8 drives rotating shaft 14, described reducing motor I 11 is fixed in the frame 10, described frame 10 is fixing with rotary disk basement 15, described rocker assembly and body are rotationally connected and are meant, described rocker assembly is fixed by the flange 7 and the top of rotating shaft 14.
Described rocker assembly comprises rotating disk 5, hydraulic cylinder I 2, column 3, rocking bar 1, hydraulic cylinder II4, the cylinder sleeve of described hydraulic cylinder I 2 and rotating disk 5 left ends are fixed, the left end of this rotating disk 5 is provided with downward bending edges, the cylinder sleeve of hydraulic cylinder I 2 is fixed on the bending edges, the left end of the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder I 2 and rocking bar 1 is fixed, the bottom of described column 3 is fixed on the right-hand member of rotating disk 5, the centre of the top of described column 3 and rocking bar 1 is hinged, the cylinder sleeve of described hydraulic cylinder II 4 is fixed on the rocking bar 1, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II4 and linking arm assembly are fixed.Described rocking bar 1 is a lever, its fulcrum is the pin joint of rocking bar 1 and column 3, its power arm is hydraulic cylinder I 2, its resistance arm is the linking arm assembly, linear reciprocation by hydraulic cylinder I 2 is flexible, drive the linking arm assembly and swing up and down, flexible by the linear reciprocation of hydraulic cylinder II 4, drive the linking arm assembly and swing.Described rocker assembly is meant fixedly that by the top of flange 7 and rotating shaft 14 endoporus of the top of described rotating shaft 14 and flange 7 is connected and fixed by key, and described flange 7 is fixing with connecting plate 6, and described connecting plate 6 is fixing with the rotating disk 5 of rocker assembly.
Described linking arm assembly comprises linking arm 17, reducing motor II 20, reducing motor III18, sleeve 22, bearing block 24, fixed head 21, described bearing block 24 is fixed with linking arm 17 and reducing motor II20, the output shaft of described reducing motor II 20 passes bearing block 24 and fixes with fixed head 21 1 sides, the output shaft of described reducing motor II 20 is rotationally connected by two bearing I II25 and bearing block 24, the outer ring of described two bearing I II25 all with bearing block 24 close-fittings, the inner ring of described two bearing I II25 all with the output shaft close-fitting of reducing motor II 20, described reducing motor III18 is fixed on the opposite side of fixed head 21, the two sides of this fixed head 21 are vertical mutually, the axis of the output shaft of described reducing motor II 20 is vertical with rocking bar 1, the axis normal of the output shaft of the axis of the output shaft of described reducing motor III18 and reducing motor II 20, just the axis of the output shaft of reducing motor III18 is parallel with rocking bar 1, can not run into rocking bar 1 when reducing motor II 20 drives reducing motor III18 and articulated device 19 like this, reducing motor II 20 drive articulated devices 19 are the center revolution with the output shaft of reducing motor II 20 simultaneously, drive articulated device 19 rotations of reducing motor III18, described sleeve 22 is fixed on the output shaft of reducing motor III18.The piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II 4 and linking arm assembly fixedly are meant, the center fixed of the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II 4 and linking arm 17.Described linking arm assembly and rocker assembly are rotationally connected and are meant, the linking arm 17 of described linking arm assembly is hinged with rocking bar 1, normal condition, this linking arm 17 is vertical with rocking bar 1, when need of work, making linking arm 17 by hydraulic cylinder I 2 is that the center swings up and down with the pin joint, and making linking arm 17 by hydraulic cylinder II 4 is that the center swings with the pin joint.Described articulated device 19 was meant with removable connection of linking arm assembly, the center of described articulated device 19 is provided with peg 19.1, described peg 19.1 embeds with the centre bore of the sleeve 22 of linking arm assembly and cooperates, described peg 19.1 radially is provided with the through hole that runs through both, the removable latch 23 that is connected with in the described through hole with the embedding section of sleeve 22.Earlier the peg 19.1 of articulated device 19 is inserted into the centre bore of sleeve 22 during clamping, makes the through hole alignment of peg 19.1 and sleeve 22 then, insert latch 23 at last, make and then sleeve 22 rotations of articulated device 19; When taking off, pull out latch 23 earlier, and then articulated device 19 is pulled out from sleeve 22.
Hydraulic cylinder I 2 described in the utility model, hydraulic cylinder II 4 all are connected with oil pump assy, and its concrete connected mode and operation principle are prior art, so do not give unnecessary details at this.
Shell making mechanical hand for investment casting work overall process of the present utility model:
(1) at first formwork is installed on the articulated device 19, hangs on the sleeve 22 of delivering to reducing motor III18 by electric block then and install.
(2) primer fluid cylinder pressure I 2, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder I 2 shrinks, and rocking bar 1 drives the linking arm assembly and upwards rises to suitably and highly promptly end, and the lowermost portion of formwork will be higher than be stained with the slurry bucket.
(3) start body reducing motor I 11 partly, drive gear wheels 8 by pinion 9, gear wheel 8 drives rotating shafts 14, and rotating shaft 14 drives rotating disks 5 rotations, is that the center rotates thereby make the formwork on the linking arm assembly with rotating shaft 14, forwards the top of being stained with the slurry bucket to and promptly ends.
(4) primer fluid cylinder pressure II4 and reducing motor II20, making formwork is that the center of circle swings with the pin joint of linking arm 17 and rocking bar 1, and making formwork simultaneously is the center revolution with reducing motor II 20, and the levelling formwork is in the center of being stained with the slurry bucket.
(5) open hydraulic cylinder I 2 again, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder I 2 is stretched out, and formwork is promptly ended up to being immersed in the slurry face of being stained with the slurry bucket fully downwards.
(6) open reducing motor III18, formwork is promptly ended after starching slowly rotation in the bucket, making it evenly be stained with slurry.
(7) open hydraulic cylinder I 2, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder I 2 shrinks, with formwork be promoted to leave the slurry face of being stained with the slurry bucket till; And then start reducing motor II 20 and reducing motor III18 respectively, after being got rid of, promptly ends in the surplus slurry on the formwork.
(8) open reducing motor I 11,, formwork is rotated to stucco place carry out stucco by rocker elements.
(9) open hydraulic cylinder I 2, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder I 2 is stretched out, formwork is placed the adaptation height, and then open reducing motor II 20 and reducing motor III18 respectively, formwork is rotated with two directions, it is even to reach stucco, is hung by electric block then and delivers to the sclerosis streamline and carry out cure process, and a working cycles of manipulator just finishes.
Above embodiment only is a preferable embodiment of the present utility model, the utility model also allows other variation, frame 10 also can be fixed on the base plate 12 as described, described column 3 and hydraulic cylinder I 2 location swaps, column 3 is located at an end of rotating disk 5, hydraulic cylinder I 2 is located between column 3 and the linking arm 17, and described hydraulic cylinder also can adopt cylinder or realize that by the driven by motor leading screw linear reciprocation is flexible or the like; All in the scope of claim 1, all in the protection domain of claim of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. shell making mechanical hand for investment casting is characterized in that: but comprise a plurality of formworks of body clamping articulated device (19), can make articulated device (19) up and down and the rocker assembly that swings, can make articulated device (19) rotation and around the linking arm assembly of rocker assembly revolution; Described rocker assembly and body are rotationally connected, and described linking arm assembly and rocker assembly are rotationally connected, and described articulated device (19) is connected with the linking arm assembly is removable.
2. shell making mechanical hand for investment casting according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body comprises base plate (12), rotary disk basement (15), rotating shaft (14), reducing motor I (11), frame (10), pinion (9), gear wheel (8), flange (7), described rotary disk basement (15) is fixed on the base plate (12), described rotating shaft (14) is rotatably connected in the rotary disk basement (15), the upper end of described rotating shaft (14) is fixed with gear wheel (8) and flange (7), described pinion (9) is fixed with the output shaft of reducing motor I (11), described gear wheel (8) and pinion (9) engagement, described reducing motor I (11) is fixed on the frame (10), and described frame (10) is fixing with rotary disk basement (15); Described rocker assembly and body are rotationally connected and are meant, described rocker assembly is fixed by the flange (7) and the top of the rotating shaft (14) of body.
3. shell making mechanical hand for investment casting according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rocker assembly comprises rotating disk (5), hydraulic cylinder I (2), column (3), rocking bar (1), hydraulic cylinder II (4), the cylinder sleeve of described hydraulic cylinder I (2) and rotating disk (5) one ends are fixed, one end of the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder I (2) and rocking bar (1) is fixed, the bottom of described column (3) is fixed on the other end of rotating disk (5), the centre of the top of described column (3) and rocking bar (1) is hinged, the cylinder sleeve of described hydraulic cylinder II (4) is fixed on the rocking bar (1), and piston rod and the linking arm assembly of described hydraulic cylinder II (4) are fixed; Described rocker assembly fixedly is meant by the top of flange (7) with the rotating shaft (14) of body, the endoporus of the top of described rotating shaft (14) and flange (7) is fixed, described flange (7) is fixing with connecting plate (6), and described connecting plate (6) is fixing with the rotating disk (5) of rocker assembly.
4. according to claim 1 or 3 described shell making mechanical hand for investment casting, it is characterized in that: described linking arm assembly comprises linking arm (17), reducing motor II (20), reducing motor III (18), sleeve (22), bearing block (24), fixed head (21), described bearing block (24) is fixing with linking arm (17) and reducing motor II (20), the output shaft of described reducing motor II (20) passes bearing block (24) and fixes with fixed head (21) one sides, the output shaft of described reducing motor II (20) is rotationally connected with bearing block (24) by two bearing I II (25), the outer ring of described two bearing I II (25) all with bearing block (24) close-fitting, the inner ring of described two bearing I II (25) all with the output shaft close-fitting of reducing motor II (20), described reducing motor III (18) is fixed on the opposite side of fixed head (21), the axis of the output shaft of described reducing motor II (20) is vertical with rocking bar (1), the axis normal of the output shaft of the axis of the output shaft of described reducing motor III (18) and reducing motor II (20), described sleeve (22) is fixed on the output shaft of reducing motor III (18); Piston rod and the linking arm assembly of described hydraulic cylinder II (4) fixedly are meant, the center fixed of the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder II (5) and linking arm (17); Described linking arm assembly and rocker assembly are rotationally connected and are meant, the linking arm of described linking arm assembly (17) is hinged with rocking bar (1); Described articulated device (19) was meant with removable connection of linking arm assembly, the center of described articulated device (19) is provided with peg (19.1), described peg (19.1) embeds with the centre bore of the sleeve (22) of linking arm assembly and cooperates, described peg (19.1) radially is provided with the through hole that runs through both with the embedding section of sleeve (22), the removable latch (23) that is connected with in the described through hole.
CN2009201901457U 2009-07-23 2009-07-23 Manipulator for investment casting of shells CN201470824U (en)

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CN2009201901457U CN201470824U (en) 2009-07-23 2009-07-23 Manipulator for investment casting of shells

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CN2009201901457U CN201470824U (en) 2009-07-23 2009-07-23 Manipulator for investment casting of shells

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101612644B (en) * 2009-07-23 2011-05-25 宁波万冠熔模铸造有限公司 Shell making mechanical hand for investment casting
CN104826996A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-12 温州职业技术学院 Dewaxing mold shell overturning and conveying device
CN105856412A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-17 中铁建电气化局集团西安电气化制品有限公司 Automatic die dismounting and mounting device for railway cross web member type concrete contact net strut
CN111468680A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-07-31 黄继寨 Lost foam casting process

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101612644B (en) * 2009-07-23 2011-05-25 宁波万冠熔模铸造有限公司 Shell making mechanical hand for investment casting
CN104826996A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-12 温州职业技术学院 Dewaxing mold shell overturning and conveying device
CN105856412A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-17 中铁建电气化局集团西安电气化制品有限公司 Automatic die dismounting and mounting device for railway cross web member type concrete contact net strut
CN105856412B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-10-02 中铁建电气化局集团西安电气化制品有限公司 Mold device is dismounted automatically for the horizontal web member formula concrete contact network strut of railway
CN111468680A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-07-31 黄继寨 Lost foam casting process

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Ningbo Wanguan Investment Casting Co.,Ltd.

Assignor: Ying Wancai

Contract record no.: 2010330001391

Denomination of utility model: Shell making mechanical hand for investment casting

Granted publication date: 20100519

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20100720

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20100519

Effective date of abandoning: 20090723