CN201466500U - Multifunctional intelligent power distribution box - Google Patents

Multifunctional intelligent power distribution box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201466500U
CN201466500U CN2009200614737U CN200920061473U CN201466500U CN 201466500 U CN201466500 U CN 201466500U CN 2009200614737 U CN2009200614737 U CN 2009200614737U CN 200920061473 U CN200920061473 U CN 200920061473U CN 201466500 U CN201466500 U CN 201466500U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
circuit
input
voltage
module
distribution box
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009200614737U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙立军
Original Assignee
孙立军
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Application filed by 孙立军 filed Critical 孙立军
Priority to CN2009200614737U priority Critical patent/CN201466500U/en
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Publication of CN201466500U publication Critical patent/CN201466500U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional intelligent power distribution box which comprises a box body, a control circuit, a control module, a communication module, a commercial power breaker, an oil engine breaker and a switch gating module. The voltage input end of the commercial power breaker is connected with a commercial power voltage interface, the sampling single output end of the commercial power breaker is connected with the commercial power detection input end of the control module, and the voltage output end of the commercial power breaker is connected with the voltage input end of a power distributed unit. The voltage input end of the oil engine breaker is connected with the voltage interface of an oil engine, the sampling single output end of the oil engine breaker is connected with the oil engine detection input end of the control module, and the voltage output end of the oil engine breaker is connected with the voltage input end of the power distributed unit. The multifunctional intelligent power distribution box has the advantages that through the integration of various functions and resources, the multifunctional intelligent power distribution box realizes the upgrade of the maintenance and management of the system, saves limited resources and avoids waste again and again. Through the integration of various functions, the combination of software and hardware and the compatibility of communication and transmission, the multifunctional intelligent power distribution box realizes the upgrade of the management of the existing system, greatly increases the reliability of the system, reduces the maintenance and construction costs and saves space resource.

Description

Multifunctional intelligent distribution box
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of distribution box, relate in particular to a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box.
Background technology
Communication base station is divided into by function with distribution box: the distribution box that only possesses basic distribution electric work energy; Possesses the distribution box that basic distribution electric work can and measure electric work; The distribution box that possesses basic distribution electric work energy, metering electric work and lightning protection function; The product that also has other on-fixed assembly.Classify by product quality: standard machinery formula electric energy meter, homemade miniature circuit breaker or breaker of plastic casing combination; Electronic electric energy meter, import miniature circuit breaker or breaker of plastic casing combination; Other nonstandard class combination.
The existing distribution box configuration in base station is relatively more chaotic, profile is inconsistent, and this has brought a lot of troubles in the operation and maintenance process.Wherein the lower product of configuration can not satisfy the demand of updating and management, influences the progress and the cost of maintenance work upgrading.Simultaneous potential safety hazard has also caused many accidents and loss, as personnel get an electric shock, circuit is on fire, electric fault or because of the aging device damage that causes of product quality etc.
The increase of the maintenance work that the less distribution box of function also caused the secondary transformation when can not satisfy system requirements, transform for three times.Not only increase workload, also increased cost.Such as: distribution box does not possess lightning protection function just need append thunder resisting equipment; There is not intelligent electric meter just can not realize remote meter reading; There is not oily machine timing just can not effectively examine energy output; There is not the civil power dynamic monitoring just not know reason of loop fault or the like; The surface influence of these things can effectively be estimated, but difficult calculating the far away of secondary influence thereafter, because it will influence the management and the construction of the science of system.Such as, the equipment that increases in the transformation process will take the confined space resource of base station; It is too high to be positioned on the residual voltage that the lightning protection device on distribution box next door causes because of wiring is oversize, will influence the lightning protection effect of SPD in this case.Ordinary electric meter can't output pulse signal, can not upload by the rotating ring monitoring, and be realized that by long-distance meter-reading system such two systems can not be compatible, is unfavorable for unified management.
The defective of distribution box mainly contains: configuration varies, unified standard is not difficult to realize unified management and maintenance.The limited secondary transformation that brings of function.The secondary transformation that brings of can not upgrading produces the wasting of resources.
The utility model content
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of distribution box of integrated multiple monitoring module.
The purpose of this utility model can realize by following scheme: a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box comprises: casing, control circuit, branch power supply unit; It is characterized in that described control circuit mainly comprises: control module is used to send various control signals; Communication module is used for communicating by letter with the rotating ring monitoring host computer; City's electrical circuit breakers is used to control mains-supplied; Oil machine circuit breaker is used to control oily machine power supply; The switching gate module is used to detect the operating state of each functional module; The communication output of described communication module communication input link control module, the voltage input end of city's electrical circuit breakers connects the line voltage interface, city's electro-detection input of the sampled signal output link control module of city's electrical circuit breakers, the voltage output end of city's electrical circuit breakers connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, the voltage input end of oil machine circuit breaker connects oily dynamo-electric crimping mouth, the oily machine testing input of the sampled signal output link control module of oil machine circuit breaker, the voltage output end of oil machine circuit breaker connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, the gating input of the signal output part link control module of switching gate module.
Described distribution box also is provided with the duplicate supply change-over circuit that is used to change civil power input or the input of oily machine, and the line voltage input of described duplicate supply change-over circuit connects the line voltage interface, and the dynamo-electric input of pressing of oil connects oily dynamo-electric crimping mouth; The line voltage output of duplicate supply change-over circuit is by the voltage input end of relay connection city electrical circuit breakers, and the dynamo-electric pressure of oil output connects the voltage input end of oily machine circuit breaker by relay; The working power signal end of duplicate supply change-over circuit connects the working power signal end of main control module.
Described distribution box also is provided with the voltage acquisition module that is used for the monitoring voltage situation, described voltage acquisition module comprises voltage collection circuit and analog to digital conversion circuit, the sampled signal end of described voltage collection circuit connects the sampled signal output of city's electrical circuit breakers and the sampled signal output of oily machine circuit breaker respectively, and the sampled signal output of voltage collection circuit connects the voltage acquisition signal input part of main control module by analog to digital conversion circuit.
Described distribution box also is provided with the power detection circuit that is used to detect the civil power electric energy, described power detection circuit signal input part connects the sampled signal output of city's electrical circuit breakers, and the power detection circuit signal output part connects the electric power signal input of main control module.
Described distribution box also is provided with the oily machine timing circuit that is used to add up oily machine work duration, described oily machine timing circuit signal input part connects the sampled signal output of oily machine circuit breaker, and the oily machine that oily machine timing circuit signal output part connects main control module is signal input part what time.
Described switching gate module mainly comprises: open circuit auxiliary contact, oily machine circuit breaker auxiliary contact, Switching Power Supply sky of switching gate circuit, photoelectric isolating circuit, civil power open that auxiliary contact left by auxiliary contact, air-conditioning sky, the SPD sky is opened auxiliary contact, SPD auxiliary contact and standby sky and driven auxiliary contact; Described gating module is used to realize the state judgement of each auxiliary contact, learns the work state information in each loop thus.
Described distribution box also is provided with display module, is used to show the working condition of distribution box; Described display module shows the demonstration output of input link control module.
Described display module comprises: clock display circuit and liquid crystal display circuit are used for demonstration time and other detected parameters; The clock signal input terminal of the described signal output part of display circuit all the time link control module; The demonstration output of the signal input part link control module of liquid crystal display circuit.
Described distribution box also is provided with indicator light and buzzing alarm module, is used to send audible and visible alarm; The light signal output end of described indicator light signal input part link control module, the acoustical signal output of the signal input part link control module of buzzing alarm module.
Described distribution box also comprises surge protector (SPD), is used for lightning protection; Described surge protector input connects the mains electricity input end.
The utility model is existing to be the prior art advantage: by the integration of function and resource, realize the upgrading of the maintenance and management of this system, save limited resources and avoid repetition and waste.By integrated, the software and the combination of hardware, the compatibility of communicating by letter and transmitting of various functions, realized the management upgrade of existing system, make system reliability increase greatly, reduced maintenance and construction cost, saved space resources.Equipment can be realized above-mentioned functions, can upload to Surveillance center to the operating state of equipment and data message by the dynamic environment monitoring main frame in the base station simultaneously, realizes remote monitoring and the management of user to equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a circuit module block diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a circuit structure theory diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model mainly comprises: control module, communication module, city's electrical circuit breakers, oil machine circuit breaker, the switching gate module, divide the distribution module. the communication output of described communication module communication input link control module, the voltage input end of city's electrical circuit breakers connects the line voltage interface, city's electro-detection input of the sampled signal output link control module of city's electrical circuit breakers, the voltage output end of city's electrical circuit breakers connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, the voltage input end of oil machine circuit breaker connects oily dynamo-electric crimping mouth, the oily machine testing input of the sampled signal output link control module of oil machine circuit breaker, the voltage output end of oil machine circuit breaker connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, the gating input of the signal output part link control module of switching gate module.
As shown in Figure 2, city's electrical circuit breakers input is connected the civil power input by relay with duplicate supply conversion change-over circuit, and output connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, and the sampled signal output connects main control module by power detection circuit; Oil machine circuit breaker input is connected oily machine input by relay with duplicate supply conversion change-over circuit, and output connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, and the logical Machine for adding oil on material timing circuit of sampled signal output connects main control module; The sampling output of city's electrical circuit breakers and oily machine circuit breaker passes through voltage collection circuit and analog to digital conversion circuit link control module respectively successively.
It is civil power or oily machine that the duplicate supply change-over circuit can detect what be in power supply state, and the feedback information of will powering is given main control module; Main control module also can make the duplicate supply change-over circuit select mains-supplied or the power supply of oily machine by control signal simultaneously.The switching gate module comprises that mainly civil power circuit breaker auxiliary contact, oily machine circuit breaker auxiliary contact, Switching Power Supply sky drive auxiliary contact, air-conditioning sky and drive auxiliary contact, SPD sky and drive auxiliary contact, SPD auxiliary contact, standby sky and drive auxiliary contact, and each function auxiliary contact branch road all is connected in series a photoelectric isolating circuit; Each function auxiliary contact detects the operating state of place branch road respectively, gives main control module by switching gate circuit feedback operation information.
The integrated monitoring distribution box is a control module with the avr128 single-chip microcomputer, adopts thin film switch as input, and it can detect base station equipment ruuning situation, and the real-time information detecting is delivered to Surveillance center to understand the ruuning situation of equipment.Being that power taking is convenient and convenient uses, and the power supply that adopts the 48V of base station power cabinet is system's power supply, the power supply of this 48V through power module be the DC-DC change-over circuit voltage transitions for+5V and+power supply of 12V is system's power supply.Devices allocation electricity module adopts ABB brand miniature circuit breaker (air switch), and totally seven loops provide fully loaded 100A current capacity, can satisfy the requirement that load supplies distribution under the specific environment.
Clock module adopts special-purpose clock chip DS1307, comes the time of display system by liquid crystal.And lithium battery is arranged as stand-by power supply, after system's power down chip power supply.
Voltage collection circuit adopts the current mode voltage transformer, gathers the voltage of three-phase electricity, understands the power supply situation of civil power and hydro power generation, and shows the size of three-phase voltage by liquid crystal.
Oil machine timing module is measured the alternate voltage in hydro power generation port any two, judges and writes down oily machine duration of power supply.Data demonstrate generating dutation by liquid crystal display circuit.
In the utility model, be provided with power supply indicator, SPD malfunction indicator lamp and sky and open alarm lamp, when equipment had fault, corresponding indicator light was lighted.
Adopt 485 communication modules, Data Transport Protocol and interface that definition rotating ring supervisory control system is complementary, concentrate real time data data such as collection and transmission voltage, electric current, electric energy, hydro power generation running time, surge number of times, faiture alarm, operating state, and pass through the base station transmits device transmission to Surveillance center, detect in real time with operation conditions base station equipment.
In photoelectric isolating circuit, lightning protection function is provided, it adopts Kevin's mode of connection to realize that the best of SPD connects, and guarantees that the circuit that SPD is connected in parallel on the mains circuit connects apart from the shortest, to guarantee the residual voltage minimum at SPD two ends.SPD adopts the protected mode of L-N-PE, has effectively solved the fire hazard that device aging causes circuit to exist.The design has guaranteed the anti-surge ability of rear end equipment.
Adopting auxiliary contact and sky to open is used, detect the state that sky is opened. when the electric current and voltage in the circuit exceeds sky and opens defined parameters or load end and short trouble occurs, air switch tripping operation. interlock cause auxiliary contact to have often to open become normally closed, a switch triggering signal is provided, causes that buzzer warning and corresponding indicator light are bright.
The operation principle of the present utility model or the course of work are:
Behind the equipment access system: divide the distribution module that the branch distribution of required mains supply is provided for follow-up load equipment.System voltage data and each loop current data are by the liquid crystal display of display circuit at panel.The state of each circuit breaker, the state of each cell operation can be on the liquid crystal display screen of panel and indicator light corresponding demonstration or light, produce with warning message and data simultaneously, comprise audible alarm and light warning.Protection when SPD provides the electric power system surge to invade.Phase sequence error correction when the duplicate supply modular converter provides the entanglement of air conditioner loop electric power system phase sequence.Power detection circuit provides the real time record of each loop power consumption of system, comprises that equipment operation has begun total electricity consumption and single month power consumption of record.At this moment, system configuration information and operating state and warning message can transfer in the on-the-spot rotating ring supervisory control system by communication unit and go, and transfer to Surveillance center then, and all data of equipment operation are provided for the monitoring management personnel.Simultaneously the administrative staff of Surveillance center can to system carry out to the time and the remote maintenance operation of hash deletion.

Claims (10)

1. a multifunctional intelligent distribution box comprises: casing, control circuit, branch power supply unit; It is characterized in that described control circuit mainly comprises: control module is used to send various control signals; Communication module is used for communicating by letter with the rotating ring monitoring host computer; City's electrical circuit breakers is used to control mains-supplied; Oil machine circuit breaker is used to control oily machine power supply; The switching gate module is used to detect the operating state of each functional module; The communication output of described communication module communication input link control module, the voltage input end of city's electrical circuit breakers connects the line voltage interface, city's electro-detection input of the sampled signal output link control module of city's electrical circuit breakers, the voltage output end of city's electrical circuit breakers connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, the voltage input end of oil machine circuit breaker connects oily dynamo-electric crimping mouth, the oily machine testing input of the sampled signal output link control module of oil machine circuit breaker, the voltage output end of oil machine circuit breaker connects the voltage input end that divides power supply unit, the gating input of the signal output part link control module of switching gate module.
2. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the duplicate supply change-over circuit that is used to change civil power input or the input of oily machine, the line voltage input of described duplicate supply change-over circuit connects the line voltage interface, and the dynamo-electric input of pressing of oil connects oily dynamo-electric crimping mouth; The line voltage output of duplicate supply change-over circuit is by the voltage input end of relay connection city electrical circuit breakers, and the dynamo-electric pressure of oil output connects the voltage input end of oily machine circuit breaker by relay; The working power signal end of duplicate supply change-over circuit connects the working power signal end of main control module.
3. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the voltage acquisition module that is used for the monitoring voltage situation, described voltage acquisition module comprises voltage collection circuit and analog to digital conversion circuit, the sampled signal end of described voltage collection circuit connects the sampled signal output of city's electrical circuit breakers and the sampled signal output of oily machine circuit breaker respectively, and the sampled signal output of voltage collection circuit connects the voltage acquisition signal input part of main control module by analog to digital conversion circuit.
4. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the power detection circuit that is used to detect the civil power electric energy, described power detection circuit signal input part connects the sampled signal output of city's electrical circuit breakers, and the power detection circuit signal output part connects the electric power signal input of main control module.
5. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the oily machine timing circuit that is used to add up oily machine work duration, described oily machine timing circuit signal input part connects the sampled signal output of oily machine circuit breaker, and the oily machine that oily machine timing circuit signal output part connects main control module is signal input part what time.
6. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described switching gate module mainly comprises: open circuit auxiliary contact, oily machine circuit breaker auxiliary contact, Switching Power Supply sky of switching gate circuit, photoelectric isolating circuit, civil power open that auxiliary contact left by auxiliary contact, air-conditioning sky, the SPD sky is opened auxiliary contact, SPD auxiliary contact and standby sky and driven auxiliary contact; Described gating module is used to realize the state judgement of each auxiliary contact, learns the work state information in each loop thus.
7. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with display module, is used to show the working condition of distribution box; Described display module shows the demonstration output of input link control module.
8. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described display module comprises: clock display circuit and liquid crystal display circuit are used for demonstration time and other detected parameters; The clock signal input terminal of the described signal output part of display circuit all the time link control module; The demonstration output of the signal input part link control module of liquid crystal display circuit.
9. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with indicator light and buzzing alarm module, is used to send audible and visible alarm; The light signal output end of described indicator light signal input part link control module, the acoustical signal output of the signal input part link control module of buzzing alarm module.
10. a kind of multifunctional intelligent distribution box according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises being used for lightning protection by surge protector; Described surge protector input connects the mains electricity input end.
CN2009200614737U 2009-07-30 2009-07-30 Multifunctional intelligent power distribution box CN201466500U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102854824A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-01-02 温州聚诚电力科技有限公司 Intelligent controller
CN103019914A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-03 重庆迪马工业有限责任公司 UPS (uninterrupted power supply) monitoring and alarming device
CN103956828A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-30 宁夏维益电气有限公司 Medium and low voltage electricity distribution intelligent terminal
CN104240482A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-24 国家电网公司 Power consumption information acquisition method, power consumption information acquisition system and intelligent power distribution box
CN106018905A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-12 深圳艺朴露科技有限公司 Electricity stealing preventing intelligent power distribution system
CN106787156A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 合肥同智机电控制技术有限公司 A kind of comprehensive surface processing equipment intelligent distribution system
CN106945619A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-14 四川九洲电器集团有限责任公司 A kind of vehicle-mounted distribution box

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102854824A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-01-02 温州聚诚电力科技有限公司 Intelligent controller
CN103019914A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-03 重庆迪马工业有限责任公司 UPS (uninterrupted power supply) monitoring and alarming device
CN103956828A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-30 宁夏维益电气有限公司 Medium and low voltage electricity distribution intelligent terminal
CN103956828B (en) * 2014-04-29 2016-01-20 宁夏维益电气有限公司 Mesolow intelligent distribution terminal
CN104240482A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-24 国家电网公司 Power consumption information acquisition method, power consumption information acquisition system and intelligent power distribution box
CN106018905A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-12 深圳艺朴露科技有限公司 Electricity stealing preventing intelligent power distribution system
CN106787156A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 合肥同智机电控制技术有限公司 A kind of comprehensive surface processing equipment intelligent distribution system
CN106945619A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-14 四川九洲电器集团有限责任公司 A kind of vehicle-mounted distribution box
CN106945619B (en) * 2017-03-21 2020-06-09 四川九洲电器集团有限责任公司 Vehicle-mounted distribution box

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: SHANDONG ZHAOYU ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Assignor: Sun Lijun

Contract record no.: 2011370000371

Denomination of utility model: Multifunctional intelligent distribution box

Granted publication date: 20100512

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20110810

CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20100512

CX01 Expiry of patent term