CN201451298U - Novel solar dense curing barn - Google Patents

Novel solar dense curing barn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201451298U
CN201451298U CN2009200646954U CN200920064695U CN201451298U CN 201451298 U CN201451298 U CN 201451298U CN 2009200646954 U CN2009200646954 U CN 2009200646954U CN 200920064695 U CN200920064695 U CN 200920064695U CN 201451298 U CN201451298 U CN 201451298U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
solar
curing barn
heating
solar energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200646954U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂荣邦
张光利
李永富
阳向馗
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SHAOYANG CO Ltd OF HUNAN TOBACCO CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHAOYANG CO Ltd OF HUNAN TOBACCO CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2009200646954U priority Critical patent/CN201451298U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201451298U publication Critical patent/CN201451298U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel energy dense curing barn which comprises a solar air heating system, a coal combustion heating system, a tobacco charging system, a ventilating moisture discharge system and an automatic control system, wherein the solar air heating system is installed on the top of the dense curing barn; the tobacco charging system and the coal combustion heating system are arranged under the solar air heating system; a solar air inlet of the solar energy air heating system is connected and communicated with the upper part of the tobacco charging system; a hot air chamber of the coal combustion heating system is communicated with the bottom of the tobacco charging system by an air inlet passage; and the tobacco charging system is also communicated with the ventilating moisture discharge system. The utility model applies environmental-friendly solar energy with rich resources to an agricultural product tobacco curing process, reduces the coal consumption for curing tobacco, lowers the cost, saves energy sources, reduces the discharge and protects the environment.

Description

The new type solar energy bulk curing barn
Technical field:
The utility model relates to the processing of farm products equipment technical field, is specifically related to a kind of new type solar energy bulk curing barn of tobacco flue-curing.
Background technology:
1 tobacco flue-curing equipment research is used present situation
In more than 100 year since flue-cured tobacco produces and promotes, most widely used in the production is air-flow ascending manner barn, and China extensively adopts this barn always.Simultaneously, ground such as the former Soviet Union and China Guizhou also adopts air-flow descending manner barn.Late 1950s, upright Johnson of university (W.H.Johnson) in North Carolina etc. has developed bulk curing barn (bulk curing barn), and bulk curing barn was promoted rapidly in developed countries such as the U.S., Japan and come the seventies.Because the bulk curing barn construction cost that developed countries such as the U.S. produce is too high, cannot apply in China, so scientific worker's active research of China is developed bulk curing barn with Chinese characteristics.The nineties in last century, Nie Rongbang is succeeded in developing the coal bulk curing barn.After entering 21 century, the upsurge of bulk curing barn research and development has appearred in China.In recent years, country is annual to drop into tens hundred million, promotes and builds bulk curing barn.The bulk curing barn that has built up all is fuel with the coal.
2. solar energy utilizes present situation
When non-renewable energy resources such as coal, oil, electric power signal for help repeatedly, when energy problem became the bottleneck of restriction international community economic development day by day, the more and more countries exploitation solar energy resources that begins one's study was sought the new power of economic development.Solar energy more and more causes people's attention as a kind of reproducible energy.China's solar energy resources that is richly stored with, the solar energy utilization has a extensive future.China's comparative maturity solar product has two: solar photovoltaic generation system and solar water heating system.At present, China's solar energy industry scale has occupied the first in the world, is the country of global solar water heater output and use amount maximum and important solar-energy photo-voltaic cell producing country.
What photovoltaic generation was at the forefront in the world is Japan, Germany and the U.S..China's photovoltaic generation industry has welcome the fast-developing new stage through the effort in more than 30 years.Under the strong pulling in national project such as " bright engineering " guide's project and " every township will have electricity " engineering and photovoltaic market, the world, China's photovoltaic generation industry fast development.To the end of the year in 2007; the accumulative total installed capacity of whole nation photovoltaic system reaches 100,000 kilowatts; family surplus the enterprise that is engaged in manufacture of solar cells reaches 50; the manufacture of solar cells ability reaches 2,900,000 kilowatts; the solar cell annual production reaches 1188MW; surpass Japan and European; and tentatively set up from raw material and produce the complete industrial chain that a plurality of links such as photovoltaic system construction are formed; particularly polycrystalline silicon material production has obtained major progress; broken through annual output kiloton high point; the 'bottleneck' restrictions that the solar cell raw material are produced have been broken through, for the large-scale development of China's photovoltaic generation is laid a good foundation.
The development course of China's solar water heater industry can be traced back to later stage nineteen seventies.Through years of development, Chinese solar water heater's industry has formed comparatively complete industrialization system.From raw material processing, water heater product be fabricated onto marketing service, the coordinated development of forming a complete and comprehensive system for collecting real estate fees.From the output value still is that recoverable amount has all become genuine solar water heater production and used big country.2007, the growth rate of Chinese solar water heater output was about 30%, and annual production reaches 2,340 ten thousand m 2, total recoverable amount is about 10,800 ten thousand m 22007, the Solar Heater Market sales volume was about 32,000,000,000 yuans, and there is family more than 20 in the enterprise of the output value more than hundred million yuans.The export amount growth of solar water heater is about about 28%, 6,500 ten thousand dollar more than 50 countries and regions such as products export Europe, America, Africa, Southeast Asia.
Although solar energy is used better at photovoltaic generating system and solar water heating system, most fields do not obtain development and use as yet, just fail to relate to application as processing of farm products tobacco flue-curing.
From now on, new way, new method, new product that research and development solar energy utilizes will form the new industry that solar energy utilizes, and will be the very important aspects that realizes energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection target.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: the problem that exists at above-mentioned prior art, and provide a kind of with green, environmental protection, resourceful Application of Solar Energy in agricultural product method for flue-curing tobacco leaves, minimizing flue-cured tobacco coal consumption, reduce cost, the new type solar energy bulk curing barn of energy-saving and emission-reduction, protection environment.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: this new type solar energy bulk curing barn comprises solar air heating system, the coal combustion heating system, dress cigarette system, ventilation dewetting system and automatic control system, solar air heating system is installed in the upper top of bulk curing barn, the below of solar air heating system is dress cigarette system and coal combustion heating system, separate by partition wall between dress cigarette system and the coal combustion heating system, the solar energy air inlet of solar air heating system connects dress cigarette system top, blower fan is equipped with at the top, hot blast chamber of coal combustion heating system, motor, the hot blast chamber connects by the bottom of air inlet duct with dress cigarette system, dress cigarette system also connects the ventilation dewetting system, and the moistureproof window of ventilation dewetting system is installed on the bulk curing barn exterior wall.
In the technique scheme, solar air heating system is a mature technology, comprise solar air heater, illumination adjuster, linker and solar energy air inlet, solar energy air outlet, solar heat-collection plate and illumination adjuster are installed in the solar air heater, and solar air heater is connected into and out of the air port with solar energy by linker.
In the technique scheme, dress cigarette system comprises hangs cigarette beam, split-wind plate, air inlet duct, air-return duct, hanging the cigarette beam is multilayer, two ends be separately fixed on the bulk curing barn wall and partition wall on, hang and hang the tobacco leaf layer on the cigarette beam, split-wind plate is installed in dress cigarette system bottom, and there is air inlet duct the split-wind plate below, and there is air-return duct dress cigarette system top.
In the technique scheme, the coal combustion heating system comprises stove and heat exchanger, hot blast chamber, blower motor, and it is indoor that stove and heat exchanger are installed in hot blast, and blower motor is installed in top, hot blast chamber.
In the technique scheme, the ventilation dewetting system comprises blower fan, motor, hydrofuge air-inlet window, moistureproof window, and hydrofuge air-inlet window and moistureproof window are installed in respectively on the exterior wall of two sides, bulk curing barn top.
Compare with same category of device:
At present, the national bulk curing barn of having promoted construction is the coal bulk curing barn.Various places flue-cured tobacco energy consumption is in the 1.5-3.0kg/kg scope, and it is many not only to consume coal, tobacco flue-curing cost height, and CO 2, SO 2Big Deng harmful gas emission, contaminated environment.This patent product uses method for flue-curing tobacco leaves with the regenerative resource-solar energy of cleaning, can reduce a jin cigarette coal consumption, reduces the tobacco flue-curing cost, for the tobacco flue-curing energy-saving and emission-reduction, protect environment significant.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the positive generalized section of the utility model
Fig. 2 is the outside schematic diagram of the positive facade of the utility model
Fig. 3 is the outside schematic diagram of the utility model side elevation
The accompanying drawing marking explanation:
1-solar air heating system 2-solar energy air outlet 3-hydrofuge air-inlet window
4-blower fan, motor 5-coal combustion heating system 6-hot blast chamber
7-partition wall 8-solar energy air inlet 9-air-return duct 10-smoke stratification
11-hangs the cigarette beam 12-dress cigarette 13-of system split-wind plate 14-air inlet duct
15-fire door 16-moistureproof window 17-observation window 18-automatic control system
The 19-ventilation dewetting 20-of system stove 21-heat exchanger
The specific embodiment:
Referring to accompanying drawing, solar energy bulk curing barn of the present utility model comprises solar air heating system 1, coal combustion heating system 5, dress cigarette system 12, ventilation dewetting system 19 and automatic control system 18, solar air heating system 1 is installed in the upper top of bulk curing barn, the below of solar air heating system 1 is dress cigarette system 12 and coal combustion heating system 5, separate by partition wall 7 between dress cigarette system 12 and the coal combustion heating system 5, the solar energy air inlet 8 of solar air heating system 1 connects dress cigarette system 12 tops, blower fan is equipped with at 6 tops, hot blast chamber of coal combustion heating system 5, motor 4, hot blast chamber 6 connects by the bottom of air inlet duct 14 with dress cigarette system 12, dress cigarette system 12 also connects ventilation dewetting system 19, and the moistureproof window 16 of ventilation dewetting system 19 is installed on the bulk curing barn exterior wall.
Above-mentioned solar air heating system 1 is a mature technology, comprise solar air heater, illumination adjuster, linker and solar energy air inlet 8, solar energy air outlet 2, solar heat-collection plate and illumination adjuster are installed in the solar air heater, and solar air heater is connected into and out of the air port with solar energy by linker.
Above-mentioned dress cigarette system comprises hangs cigarette beam 11, split-wind plate 13, air inlet duct 14, air-return duct 9, hanging cigarette beam 11 is multilayer, two ends are separately fixed on bulk curing barn wall and the partition wall, hang and hang smoke stratification 10 on the cigarette beam 11, split-wind plate 13 is installed in dress cigarette system 12 bottoms, there is air inlet duct 14 split-wind plate 13 belows, and there is air-return duct 9 dress cigarette system 12 tops.
Above-mentioned coal combustion heating system 5 comprises stove 20 and heat exchanger 21, hot blast chamber 6, blower motor, and stove 20 and heat exchanger 21 are installed in the hot blast chamber 6, and blower motor is installed in 6 tops, hot blast chamber.
Ventilation dewetting system 19 comprises blower fan, motor, hydrofuge air-inlet window 3, moistureproof window 16, and hydrofuge air-inlet window 3 and moistureproof window 16 are installed in respectively on the exterior wall of two sides, bulk curing barn top.

Claims (5)

1. new type solar energy bulk curing barn, it is characterized in that comprising solar air heating system, the coal combustion heating system, dress cigarette system, ventilation dewetting system and automatic control system, solar air heating system is installed in the upper top of bulk curing barn, the below of solar air heating system is dress cigarette system and coal combustion heating system, separate by partition wall between dress cigarette system and the coal combustion heating system, the solar energy air inlet of solar air heating system connects dress cigarette system top, blower fan is equipped with at the top, hot blast chamber of coal combustion heating system, motor, the hot blast chamber connects by the bottom of air inlet duct with dress cigarette system, dress cigarette system also connects the ventilation dewetting system, and the moistureproof window of ventilation dewetting system is installed on the bulk curing barn exterior wall.
2. new type solar energy bulk curing barn according to claim 1, it is characterized in that solar air heating system comprises solar air heater, illumination adjuster, linker and solar energy air inlet, solar energy air outlet, solar heat-collection plate and illumination adjuster are installed in the solar air heater, and solar air heater is connected into and out of the air port with solar energy by linker.
3. new type solar energy bulk curing barn according to claim 1, it is characterized in that adorning the cigarette system and comprise extension cigarette beam, split-wind plate, air inlet duct, air-return duct, hanging the cigarette beam is multilayer, two ends be separately fixed on the bulk curing barn wall and partition wall on, hang on the cigarette beam and hang smoke stratification, split-wind plate is installed in dress cigarette system bottom, and there is air inlet duct the split-wind plate below, and there is air-return duct dress cigarette system top.
4. new type solar energy bulk curing barn according to claim 1 is characterized in that the coal combustion heating system comprises stove and heat exchanger, hot blast chamber, blower motor, and it is indoor that stove and heat exchanger are installed in hot blast, and blower motor is installed in top, hot blast chamber.
5. new type solar energy bulk curing barn according to claim 1 is characterized in that the ventilation dewetting system comprises blower fan, motor, hydrofuge air-inlet window, moistureproof window, and hydrofuge air-inlet window and moistureproof window are installed in respectively on the exterior wall of two sides, bulk curing barn top.
CN2009200646954U 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Novel solar dense curing barn Expired - Fee Related CN201451298U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200646954U CN201451298U (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Novel solar dense curing barn

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200646954U CN201451298U (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Novel solar dense curing barn

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102160681A (en) * 2010-12-29 2011-08-24 河南农业大学 Hot-water centralized heating tobacco flue-curing device adopting combination of solar energy and biomass fuels
CN102835727A (en) * 2012-10-18 2012-12-26 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Solar sectioned continuous tobacco leaf curing barn
CN103637393A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-03-19 卢招苟 Tobacco flue-curing room adopting multiple heat sources
CN105054270A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-18 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Automatic solar energy tobacco flue-curing house
CN105192867A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-30 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Remote heating control system for solar tobacco curing barn

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102160681A (en) * 2010-12-29 2011-08-24 河南农业大学 Hot-water centralized heating tobacco flue-curing device adopting combination of solar energy and biomass fuels
CN102160681B (en) * 2010-12-29 2013-04-24 河南农业大学 Hot-water centralized heating tobacco flue-curing device adopting combination of solar energy and biomass fuels
CN102835727A (en) * 2012-10-18 2012-12-26 邓州丰奇集团肥业有限公司 Solar sectioned continuous tobacco leaf curing barn
CN103637393A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-03-19 卢招苟 Tobacco flue-curing room adopting multiple heat sources
CN103637393B (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-10-07 卢招苟 A kind of tobacco flue-curing house adopting multi-heat source
CN105054270A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-18 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Automatic solar energy tobacco flue-curing house
CN105192867A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-30 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Remote heating control system for solar tobacco curing barn

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100512

Termination date: 20130603

C17 Cessation of patent right