CN201429560Y - Anti-penetrating quality trial installation simulating waterproof membrane materials under pressures - Google Patents

Anti-penetrating quality trial installation simulating waterproof membrane materials under pressures Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201429560Y
CN201429560Y CN2009200815327U CN200920081532U CN201429560Y CN 201429560 Y CN201429560 Y CN 201429560Y CN 2009200815327 U CN2009200815327 U CN 2009200815327U CN 200920081532 U CN200920081532 U CN 200920081532U CN 201429560 Y CN201429560 Y CN 201429560Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
square groove
waterproof membrane
cover
convex edge
press strip
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CN2009200815327U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘东民
杨其新
盛草樱
蒋雅君
常炳阳
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西南交通大学
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Priority to CN2009200815327U priority Critical patent/CN201429560Y/en
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Publication of CN201429560Y publication Critical patent/CN201429560Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides an anti-penetrating quality trial installation simulating waterproof membrane materials under pressures, comprising: a waterproof membrane is arranged between a square groove with a convex part on the top and a top cap, a concrete block is filled in the square groove, the top cap is provided with a water inlet connected with a voltage-stabilizing liquid storage device; awater pressure gauge is mounted on a water pressure gauge mounting hole on the top cap; a water outlet is opened at the bottom side of the square groove, and a water absorbing material is filled up between the water outlet and the concrete block. A pressurizing bolt of a pressure board on the top cap presses the waterproof membrane; the stretching of the waterproof membrane is realized by a bracket with a lug boss fixed at the right side of top of the square groove, a movable pressing bar with a screw and an extending nut on the screw; the concrete blocks in the square groove are two blocks in the left and right sides; shearing actions are applied to the waterproof membrane using the height change of the two blocks; the device can test the anti-penetrating quality of the waterproof membrane in a working environment so as to imply exact scientific basis towards durability of the waterproof membrane in tunnels and underground construction and ensure the long-term and safe progressing intunnels and underground construction.

Description

A kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of anti-penetration performance testing device of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane.

Background technology

In basic job facilities such as tunnel and other underground works, all very high to the requirement of anti-seep water.And, the permanance of waterproof membrane is had higher requirement because the engineering life-span was generally 50 years~100 years.And in a single day the waterproof of tunnel or underground works goes wrong, and is difficult to repair, and these have all proposed very high requirement to the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.

Waterproof membrane not only is subjected to effect of water pressure in-service in the foundation works practice, also is subjected to the effect of external force such as the effect of covered structure, surrounding rock structure nonaffine deformation, foundation settlement, the extruding of constructing.These external force effects can be summed up as the effect to the power of three kinds of forms of waterproof membrane: pressure, pulling force and shearing force.Waterproof membrane as the tunnel is sprayed between a concrete lining structure and two lining structures, and a lining rigidity is lower than two lining rigidity, and massif compression makes a lining structure pressurized, the reduced cross-sectional of a lining, thus waterproof membrane is under pressure; When a lining structure produces deformation of unevenness, then waterproof membrane will be subjected to the effect of pulling force; And because the ground distortion is inconsistent, when making one, two lining structures produce trickle crack, the changing of the relative positions, waterproof membrane will be subjected to the effect of shearing force.And under the effect of various Korrosionsmediums, the effect of water pressure and external force will be more obvious.

Therefore need to waterproof membrane under the condition that is subjected to water pressure and other external influence power, carry out water resistance and test, the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane is made evaluation comprehensively and accurately, to guarantee long-term, the safe operation of tunnel and underground works to being beneficial to.

And the normally single index detection of the anti-permeability performance detection method of existing waterproof membrane, mechanical index such as promptly direct intensity to test material, extensibility detect, or carry out simple corrosion resistivity and detect.All do not take all factors into consideration water environment and other external force effect of engineering site during detection.Therefore, existing waterproof membrane pick-up unit can not detect the actual performance of waterproof membrane during one's term of military service.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model just provides a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, this device can be simulated the working environment of waterproof membrane effectively, can test out the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane in actual working environment more realistically, thereby provide scientific basis more accurately to tunnel and underground works with the design and the manufacturing of waterproof membrane, guarantee long-term, the safe operation of tunnel and underground works.

The utility model is realized its goal of the invention, and the first kind of technical scheme that is adopted is: a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, and its composition is:

Be filled with the concrete block that flushes with the square groove top in the square groove of band convex edge, top, the square groove top covers waterproof membrane to be tested;

The square groove top is provided with the top cover adaptive with square groove, fills high-elastic foam in the Baltimore groove of top cover lower surface; Pressing plate is arranged on the top cover, and tightening buckle is fastened on pressing plate and top cover on the forward and backward convex edge, square groove top; The centre of pressing plate is equipped with the pressurization bolt that runs through pressing plate;

Top cover has the inlet opening that links to each other with the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid; Water pressure gauge is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover;

The square groove bottom has apopore, is lined with absorbent material between apopore and the concrete block, and square groove places on the water leg;

There is press strip the top of the left and right convex edge at square groove top, and press strip passes on the left and right convex edge that waterproof membrane is pressed on square groove by bolt.

The utility model is realized its practical novel purpose, and the second kind of technical scheme that is adopted is: a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, and its composition is:

Be filled with the concrete block that flushes with the square groove top in the square groove of band convex edge, top, the square groove top covers waterproof membrane to be tested;

The square groove top is provided with the spill top cover adaptive with square groove, fills high-elastic foam in the Baltimore groove of top cover lower surface; Pressing plate is arranged on the top cover, and tightening buckle is fastened on pressing plate and top cover on the forward and backward convex edge, square groove top; The centre of pressing plate is equipped with the pressurization bolt that vertically runs through pressing plate;

Top cover has the inlet opening that links to each other with the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid; Water pressure gauge is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover;

The square groove bottom has apopore, is lined with absorbent material between apopore and the concrete block, and square groove places on the water leg;

There is press strip top, the convex edge of square groove top left side, and press strip passes on the convex edge, left side that waterproof membrane is pressed on square groove by bolt; Bolt has the support of right-hand member band boss under the convex edge of square groove top right side, the boss middle part of support is provided with groove, vertically be placed with the mobile press strip of band screw rod on the support, the upper surface of mobile press strip flushes with the square groove top, and the right part that screw rod passes the boss groove is connected with the stretching nut; The convex edge that waterproof membrane stretches out the square groove top right side covers on the mobile press strip, and the press strip on mobile press strip, waterproof membrane and the waterproof membrane is connected by bolt.

The utility model is realized its practical novel purpose, and the third technical scheme that is adopted is: a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, and its composition is:

Be filled with upper and lower two layer concrete pieces in the square groove of band convex edge, top, the upper strata concrete block is made up of left piece, right piece, be lined with high-elastic foam between lower-layer concrete piece and the upper strata concrete block, also be lined with highly dense nonwoven fabrics between right piece of upper strata concrete block and the high-elastic foam, be coated with waterproof membrane to be measured on the convex edge of concrete block top, upper strata and square groove;

The square groove top is provided with the top cover adaptive with square groove, be filled with top layer concrete left side piece, right piece in the Baltimore groove of top cover lower surface, be filled with high-elastic foam between top layer concrete left side piece, right piece and the top cover lower surface, also be filled with highly dense nonwoven fabrics between top layer concrete left side piece and the high-elastic foam, pressing plate is arranged on the top cover, and tightening buckle is fastened on pressing plate and top cover on the forward and backward convex edge, square groove top; The centre of pressing plate is equipped with the pressurization bolt that runs through pressing plate;

Top cover has the inlet opening that links to each other with the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid; Water pressure gauge is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover;

The square groove bottom has apopore, is lined with absorbent material between apopore and the concrete block, and square groove places on the water leg;

There is press strip top, the convex edge of square groove top left side, and press strip passes on the convex edge, left side that waterproof membrane is pressed on square groove by bolt; Bolt has the support of right-hand member band boss under the convex edge of square groove top right side, the boss middle part of support is provided with groove, vertically be placed with the mobile press strip of band screw rod on the support, the upper surface of mobile press strip flushes with the square groove top, the right part that screw rod passes the boss groove is connected with the stretching nut, the convex edge that waterproof membrane stretches out the square groove top right side covers on the mobile press strip, and the press strip on mobile press strip, waterproof membrane and the waterproof membrane is connected by bolt.

The principle of work of the present utility model and the course of work are:

One, the initialization process of external force:

Scheme one is fixed the both sides of waterproof membrane waterproof membrane by the press strip on the left and right convex edge, square groove top, place on the concrete block that flushes with the square groove top, calculate the decrement of membrane according to the compressibility of film thickness, utilize pressurization bolt on the top cover to compress top cover again waterproof membrane is set the precharge of decrement, fixing and sealing.

Scheme two is basic identical with scheme one, be fixedly changing into of waterproof membrane right side: the right side of waterproof membrane is fixed on the mobile press strip of band screw rod by ceiling molding, waterproof membrane is covered on the concrete block that flushes with the square groove top, drive mobile press strip by screw rod and on traversing carriage, move to the right, realize prestretched waterproof membrane.The length of prestretched is determined by the predetermined material extending rate of experiment, and fixed roof and sealing then simultaneously also can be by the same method of scheme one promptly by compressing top cover to the waterproof membrane effect of exerting pressure again.

Scheme three is basic identical with the fixed form of scheme two, different is: the concrete block in the square groove changes the concrete block of bottom and the left and right two block concrete pieces on upper strata into, waterproof membrane place the upper strata left and right two block concrete pieces on, the left and right sides top layer concrete block of top cover below then is pressed on the waterproof membrane.Because the height of the interface of right piece of the interface of upper strata left side piece and top layer left side piece and upper strata and the right piece of top layer is inconsistent, has the default small changing of the relative positions, thereby waterproof membrane is produced the shearing force effect.Certainly scheme three also can apply the effect of vertical pressurization and cross directional stretch power to waterproof membrane.

Two, the pressurization of hydraulic pressure and test process

Three kinds of schemes all by the inlet opening of voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid and top cover, apply the liquid of set pressure to the upper surface of waterproof membrane, thereby simulate hydraulic pressure and the external force condition of waterproof membrane in working environment after finishing the pre-seting of external force.See through waterproof membrane if any liquid, can infiltrate into the apopore of square groove bottom,, flow in the water leg under the square groove through behind the absorbent material of apopore by concrete test block.According to whether water is arranged in the water leg of below, what, time of occurrence of the water yield can determine the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:

Simulated waterproof membrane and be subjected to hydraulic pressure, and be subjected to three class external force---the real work environment under the acting in conjunction of pressure, pulling force, shearing force, and can under this simulated environment, detect the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.Thereby can test out the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane in actual working environment more realistically, provide more accurate and effective scientific basis to tunnel and underground works with the design and the quality testing of waterproof membrane, to guarantee long-term, the safe operation of tunnel and underground works.

Be provided with pressure transducer in the high-elastic foam of above-mentioned top cover below, pressure transducer links to each other with the mechanics data collecting instrument of outside.

Utilize the suffered stress in pressure transducer and mechanics data collecting instrument testing water-proof film surface, thereby guarantee that waterproof membrane is constant in the default deformed state of whole test period maintenance, guarantees the lasting simulation of outside true pressure environment.

The opening part of above-mentioned water leg is provided with sealing baffle.

Like this, adding that sealing baffle was both convenient observes the liquid collected in the water leg and the absorbent material at apopore place; Remove baffle plate simultaneously, also make things convenient for dumping and removing of liquid in the water leg.

Liquid in the above-mentioned voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid is water or sulfate ion solution or chlorion solution or alkaline solution.

Can simulate the effect of suffered various corrosivity harmful water media in the waterproof membrane real work environment in-service like this.

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the plan structure synoptic diagram (removing voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid, water pressure gauge, the mechanics data collecting instrument of square groove outside) of the utility model embodiment one.

Fig. 2 is the A-A cut-open view of Fig. 1 (adding voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid, the water pressure gauge of square groove outside, the annexation signal of mechanics data collecting instrument).

Fig. 3 is the B-B cut-open view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the plan structure synoptic diagram (removing voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid, water pressure gauge, the mechanics data collecting instrument of square groove outside) of the utility model embodiment two.

Fig. 5 is the A-A cut-open view of Fig. 4 (adding voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid, the water pressure gauge of square groove outside, the annexation signal of mechanics data collecting instrument).

Fig. 6 is the B-B cut-open view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is the plan structure synoptic diagram (removing voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid, water pressure gauge, the mechanics data collecting instrument of square groove outside) of the utility model embodiment three.

Fig. 8 is the A-A cut-open view of Fig. 7 (adding voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid, the water pressure gauge of square groove outside, the annexation signal of mechanics data collecting instrument).

Fig. 9 is the B-B cut-open view of Fig. 7.

Embodiment

Embodiment one

Fig. 1,2,3 illustrates, and a kind of embodiment of this example is, a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, and its composition is:

Be filled with the concrete block 12 that flushes with square groove 8 tops in the square groove 8 of band convex edge, top 8A, square groove 8 tops cover waterproof membrane 9 to be tested;

Square groove 8 tops are provided with the top cover 3 adaptive with square groove 8, fill high-elastic foam 14 in the Baltimore groove of top cover 3 lower surfaces; Pressing plate 2 is arranged on the top cover 3, and tightening buckle 1 is fastened on pressing plate 2 and top cover 3 on the forward and backward convex edge 8A in square groove 8 tops; The centre of pressing plate 2 is equipped with the pressurization bolt 4 that runs through pressing plate 2;

Top cover 3 has the inlet opening 3A that links to each other with voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30; Water pressure gauge 32 is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover 3;

Square groove 8 bottoms have apopore 8B, are lined with absorbent material 23 between apopore 8B and the concrete block 12, and square groove 8 places on the water leg 21;

There is press strip 5 top of the left and right convex edge 8A at square groove 8 tops, and press strip 5 passes on the left and right convex edge 8A that waterproof membrane 9 is pressed on square groove 8 by bolt 11.

Be provided with pressure transducer in the high-elastic foam 14 of top cover 3 belows, pressure transducer links to each other with the mechanics data collecting instrument 31 of outside.The opening part of water leg 21 is provided with sealing baffle 22.

Liquid in the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30 can be water or sulfate ion solution or chlorion solution or alkaline solution.

Adopt the device of this example, acrylates waterproof membrane 9 has been carried out the testing experiment of following reality.

Test 1

The liquid that injects in the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30 is water, and its test result is as shown in the table.Water pressure in the table is read by water pressure gauge 32, and waterproof membrane 9 decrements are the test datas according to pressure transducer, obtains by the amount of tightening of adjusting pressurization bolt 4 on the top cover.

" comparing result " be not for carrying out under the situation that precompression promptly is not stressed the anti-permeability performance test of waterproof membrane 9 in the table to waterproof membrane 9.Observed result is moistening, the drying regime of apopore 8B place absorbent material 23.From last table as seen, have external force effect and no external force exercising result different, the external force effect has considerable influence to waterproof membrane 9 anti-leakages, and is unfavorable to the impermeabilisation permanance of waterproof membrane.

Test 2

This test is basic identical with test 1 step and method, different only be: the liquid of adding changes the alkaline solution of pH14 into; Test out in the alkaline environment anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane 9.Test result is as shown in the table:

Wherein, comparing result is under the action condition that is stressed equally, when injection liquid is water, and the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.As seen from the above table, when adding alkaline solution, the performance of waterproof membrane improves, and illustrates that suitable alkaline solution helps improving the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.This is because the polyacrylate waterproof membrane is met the alkali swelling phenomenon, diminishes thereby infiltration pore in the waterproof material is squeezed, even disappears institute extremely.

Test 3

This test is basic identical with test 1 step and method, different only be: the liquid of adding is 5% sulfate ion solution, in the environment with the reproduction acid solution, the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.Test result is as shown in the table:

Wherein, comparing result is under the action condition that is stressed equally, when injection liquid is water, and the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.As seen from the above table, when adding acid solution, the degradation of waterproof membrane illustrates that acid solution can destroy the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.

Test 4

This test is basic identical with test 1 step and method, and different is: the liquid of adding is that 5% sodium chloride solution is a chlorion solution, in the environment with the reproduction saliferous, and the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.

Wherein, comparing result is under the action condition that is stressed equally, when injection liquid is water, and the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane.As seen from the above table, when adding chlorion (sodium chloride) solution, the performance of waterproof membrane is constant substantially.

Obviously, the liquid that the utility model injects, removing can be above water, chlorion solution, sulfate radical solution, can also be acid, aqueous slkali or other corrosive liquids that other can simulated environment liquid situation.

Embodiment two

Fig. 4,5,6 illustrates, and a kind of embodiment of this example is, a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, and its composition is:

Be filled with the concrete block 12 that flushes with square groove 8 tops in the square groove 8 of band convex edge, top 8A, square groove 8 tops cover waterproof membrane 9 to be tested;

Square groove 8 tops are provided with the spill top cover 3 adaptive with square groove 8, fill high-elastic foam 14 in the Baltimore groove of top cover 3 lower surfaces; Pressing plate 2 is arranged on the top cover 3, and tightening buckle 1 is fastened on pressing plate 2 and top cover 3 on the forward and backward convex edge 8A in square groove 18 tops; The centre of pressing plate 2 is equipped with the pressurization bolt 4 that vertically runs through pressing plate 2;

Top cover 3 has the inlet opening 3A that links to each other with voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30; Water pressure gauge 32 is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover 3;

Square groove 8 bottoms have apopore 8B, are lined with absorbent material 23 between apopore 8B and the concrete block 12, and square groove 8 places on the water leg 21;

There is press strip 5 the convex edge 8A of square groove 8 top left side top, and press strip 5 passes on convex edge, the left side 8A that waterproof membrane 9 is pressed on square groove 8 by bolt 11; Bolt 10 is fixed with the support 6 of right-hand member band boss 6A under the convex edge 8A of square groove 8 top right side, the boss 6A middle part of support 6 is provided with groove 6B, vertically be placed with the mobile press strip 7 of band screw rod 15 on the support 6, the upper surface of mobile press strip 7 flushes with square groove 8 tops, and the right part that screw rod 15 passes boss 6A groove 6B is connected with stretching nut 16; The convex edge 8A that waterproof membrane 9 stretches out the square groove top right side covers on the mobile press strip 7, and the press strip 5 on mobile press strip 7, waterproof membrane 9 and the waterproof membrane 9 is connected by bolt 11.

Be provided with pressure transducer in the high-elastic foam 14 of top cover 3 belows, pressure transducer links to each other with the mechanics data collecting instrument 31 of outside.The opening part of water leg 21 is provided with sealing baffle 22.

Liquid in the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30 can be water or sulfate ion solution or chlorion solution or alkaline solution.

Adopt the device of this example, acrylates waterproof membrane 9 has been carried out actual test, the liquid that injects in the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30 is water.Its test result is as shown in the table.Water pressure in the table is read by water pressure gauge 32, and the amount of tension of waterproof membrane 9 (extensibility) is determined by the stretching nut 16 mobile press strips 7 of the adjusting amount of shifting out to the right of screw rod 15 on the mobile press strip 7, and the calculating of extensibility is mobile press strip 7 amount of shifting out to the right and shifts out the press strip 5 in preceding (it is preceding to stretch) left side and the ratio that the distance of press strip 7 is moved on right side.

" comparing result " is waterproof membrane 9 not under the situation of tension power effect for waterproof membrane not being carried out prestretched in the table, the anti-permeability performance test of waterproof membrane.Observed result is moistening, the drying regime of apopore 8B place absorbent material 23.From last table as seen, have pulling force effect and no pulling force exercising result different, the pulling force effect has considerable influence to the waterproof membrane anti-leakage, and is unfavorable to the anti-permeability performance-permanance of waterproof membrane.

Embodiment three

Fig. 7,8,9 illustrates, and a kind of embodiment of this example is: a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, and its composition is:

Be filled with upper and lower two layer concrete pieces in the square groove 8 of band convex edge, top 8A, upper strata concrete block 12 is made up of left piece, right piece 12A, 12B, be lined with high-elastic foam 12E between lower-layer concrete piece 12C and the upper strata concrete block 12, also be lined with highly dense nonwoven fabrics 12D between right piece 12B of upper strata concrete block and the high-elastic foam 12E, be coated with waterproof membrane to be measured 9 on the convex edge 8A of upper strata concrete block 12 tops and square groove 8;

Square groove 8 tops are provided with the top cover 3 adaptive with square groove 8, be filled with top layer concrete left side piece 13A, right piece 13B in the Baltimore groove of top cover 3 lower surfaces, be filled with high-elastic foam 14 between top layer concrete left side piece 13A, right piece 13B and top cover 3 lower surfaces, also be filled with highly dense nonwoven fabrics 14A between top layer concrete left side piece 13A and the high-elastic foam 14, pressing plate 2 is arranged on the top cover 3, and tightening buckle 1 is fastened on pressing plate 2 and top cover 3 on the forward and backward convex edge 8A in square groove 1 top; The centre of pressing plate 2 is equipped with the pressurization bolt 4 that runs through pressing plate 2;

Top cover has and voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30) the inlet opening 3A that links to each other; Water pressure gauge 32 is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover 3;

Square groove 8 bottoms have apopore 8B, are lined with absorbent material 23 between apopore 8B and the concrete block 12, and square groove 8 places on the water leg 21;

There is press strip 5 the convex edge 8A of square groove 8 top left side top, and press strip 5 passes on convex edge, the left side 8A that waterproof membrane 9 is pressed on square groove 8 by bolt 11; Bolt has the support 6 of right-hand member band boss 6A under the convex edge 8A of square groove 8 top right side, the boss 6A middle part of support 6 is provided with groove 6B, vertically be placed with the mobile press strip 7 of band screw rod 15 on the support 6, the upper surface of mobile press strip 7 flushes with square groove 8 tops, the right part that screw rod 15 passes boss 6A groove 6B is connected with stretching nut 16, the convex edge 8A that waterproof membrane 9 stretches out the square groove top right side covers on the mobile press strip 7, and the press strip 5 on mobile press strip 7, waterproof membrane 9 and the waterproof membrane 9 is connected by bolt 11.

Be provided with pressure transducer in the high-elastic foam 14 of top cover 3 belows, pressure transducer links to each other with the mechanics data collecting instrument 31 of outside.The opening part of water leg 21 is provided with sealing baffle 22.

Liquid in the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30 can be water or sulfate ion solution or chlorion solution or alkaline solution.

Adopt the device of this example, acrylates waterproof membrane 9 has been carried out actual test, the liquid that injects in the voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid 30 is water.Its test result is as shown in the table.Water pressure in the table is read by water pressure gauge 32, and the detrusion amount of waterproof membrane, and is definite with the difference in height of the interface of top layer right side piece 13B with interface and the right piece 12B in upper strata of top layer left side piece 13A by a left side, upper strata piece 12A.

" comparing result " is that waterproof membrane 9 is not subjected under the shearing force effect situation for waterproof membrane 9 not being sheared in advance in the table, the test of the anti-permeability performance of waterproof membrane 9.Observed result is moistening, the drying regime of apopore 8B place absorbent material 23.From last table as seen, have shearing force effect and no shearing force exercising result different, the shearing force effect has considerable influence to the waterproof membrane anti-leakage, and is unfavorable to permanance.

The utility model is when implementing, and the liquid of injection can add color, when it is penetrated on the absorbent material, can conveniently observe.For avoiding the water evaporation in the water leg 21,, also can in water leg 21, fill up the cotton paper that absorbs water so that accurately measure leakage.

Device of the present utility model is applicable to various planes waterproof membrane material, as all kinds of filmogens of the various polymer membranes that tire and no tire arranged, modified bituminous pitch coiled material, spraying formation.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, its composition is:
Be filled with the concrete block (12) that flushes with square groove (8) top in the square groove (8) of band convex edge, top (8A), square groove (8) top covers waterproof membrane (9) to be tested;
Square groove (8) top is provided with and the adaptive top cover (3) of square groove (8), fills high-elastic foam (14) in the Baltimore groove of top cover (3) lower surface; Pressing plate (2) is arranged on the top cover (3), and tightening buckle (1) is fastened on pressing plate (2) and top cover (3) on the forward and backward convex edge (8A), square groove (8) top; The centre of pressing plate (2) is equipped with the pressurization bolt (4) that runs through pressing plate (2);
Top cover (3) has the inlet opening (3A) that links to each other with voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid (30); Water pressure gauge (32) is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover (3);
Square groove (8) bottom has apopore (8B), is lined with absorbent material (23) between apopore (8B) and the concrete block (12), and square groove (8) places on the water leg (21);
There is press strip (5) top of the left and right convex edge (8A) at square groove (8) top, and press strip (5) passes on the left and right convex edge (8A) that waterproof membrane (9) is pressed on square groove (8) by bolt (11).
2, a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, its composition is:
Be filled with the concrete block (12) that flushes with square groove (8) top in the square groove (8) of band convex edge, top (8A), square groove (8) top covers waterproof membrane (9) to be tested;
Square groove (8) top is provided with and the adaptive spill top cover (3) of square groove (8), fills high-elastic foam (14) in the Baltimore groove of top cover (3) lower surface; Pressing plate (2) is arranged on the top cover (3), and tightening buckle (1) is fastened on pressing plate (2) and top cover (3) on the forward and backward convex edge (8A), square groove (18) top; The centre of pressing plate (2) is equipped with the pressurization bolt (4) that vertically runs through pressing plate (2);
Top cover (3) has the inlet opening (3A) that links to each other with voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid (30); Water pressure gauge (32) is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover (3);
Square groove (8) bottom has apopore (8B), is lined with absorbent material (23) between apopore (8B) and the concrete block (12), and square groove (8) places on the water leg (21);
There is press strip (5) top, the convex edge (8A) of square groove (8) top left side, and press strip (5) passes on the convex edge, left side (8A) that waterproof membrane (9) is pressed on square groove (8) by bolt (11); Bolt (10) is fixed with the support (6) of right-hand member band boss (6A) under the convex edge (8A) of square groove (8) top right side, boss (6A) middle part of support (6) is provided with groove (6B), vertically be placed with the mobile press strip (7) of band screw rod (15) on the support (6), the upper surface of mobile press strip (7) flushes with square groove (8) top, and the right part that screw rod (15) passes boss (6A) groove (6B) is connected with stretching nut (16); The convex edge (8A) that waterproof membrane (9) stretches out the square groove top right side covers on the mobile press strip (7), and the press strip (5) on mobile press strip (7), waterproof membrane (9) and the waterproof membrane (9) is connected by bolt (11).
3, a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, its composition is:
Be filled with upper and lower two layer concrete pieces in the square groove (8) of band convex edge, top (8A), upper strata concrete block (12) is made up of left piece, right piece (12A, 12B), be lined with high-elastic foam (12E) between lower-layer concrete piece (12C) and the upper strata concrete block (12), also be lined with highly dense nonwoven fabrics (12D) between right piece (12B) of upper strata concrete block and the high-elastic foam (12E), be coated with waterproof membrane to be measured (9) on the convex edge (8A) of upper strata concrete block (12) top and square groove (8);
Square groove (8) top is provided with and the adaptive top cover (3) of square groove (8), be filled with top layer concrete left side piece, right piece (13A, 13B) in the Baltimore groove of top cover (3) lower surface, be filled with high-elastic foam (14) between top layer concrete left side piece, right piece (13A, 13B) and top cover (3) lower surface, also be filled with highly dense nonwoven fabrics (14A) between top layer concrete left side piece (13A) and the high-elastic foam (14), pressing plate (2) is arranged on the top cover (3), and tightening buckle (1) is fastened on pressing plate (2) and top cover (3) on the forward and backward convex edge (8A), square groove (1) top; The centre of pressing plate (2) is equipped with the pressurization bolt (4) that runs through pressing plate (2);
Top cover (3) has the inlet opening (3A) that links to each other with voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid (30); Water pressure gauge (32) is installed on the water pressure gauge mounting hole of top cover (3);
Square groove (8) bottom has apopore (8B), is lined with absorbent material (23) between apopore (8B) and the concrete block (12), and square groove (8) places on the water leg (21);
There is press strip (5) top, the convex edge (8A) of square groove (8) top left side, and press strip (5) passes on the convex edge, left side (8A) that waterproof membrane (9) is pressed on square groove (8) by bolt (11); Bolt has the support (6) of right-hand member band boss (6A) under the convex edge (8A) of square groove (8) top right side, boss (6A) middle part of support (6) is provided with groove (6B), vertically be placed with the mobile press strip (7) of band screw rod (15) on the support (6), the upper surface of mobile press strip (7) flushes with square groove (8) top, the right part that screw rod (15) passes boss (6A) groove (6B) is connected with stretching nut (16), the convex edge (8A) that waterproof membrane (9) stretches out the square groove top right side covers on the mobile press strip (7) mobile press strip (7), waterproof membrane (9) is connected by bolt (11) with press strip (5) on the waterproof membrane (9).
4, as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, it is characterized in that: be provided with pressure transducer in the high-elastic foam (14) of described top cover (3) below, pressure transducer links to each other with the mechanics data collecting instrument (31) of outside.
5, as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, it is characterized in that: the opening part of described water leg (21) is provided with sealing baffle (22).
6, as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of anti-penetration performance testing equipment of simulating under the stressed effect of waterproof membrane material, it is characterized in that: the liquid in the described voltage stabilizing device for storing liquid (30) is water or sulfate ion solution or chlorion solution or alkaline solution.
CN2009200815327U 2009-06-09 2009-06-09 Anti-penetrating quality trial installation simulating waterproof membrane materials under pressures CN201429560Y (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102095652A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-06-15 中国矿业大学 Penetration test device of shorn rock samples
CN104422644A (en) * 2013-08-27 2015-03-18 立邦涂料(中国)有限公司 Method for determining permeability-resisting capability of coating
CN104458532A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 西南交通大学 Device and method for testing water permeability resistance of concrete joint under action of controllable lateral restriction
CN109443996A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-08 重庆大学 Film is impregnated with the device and method of pressure value during a kind of Sensitive Detection membrane distillation

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102095652A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-06-15 中国矿业大学 Penetration test device of shorn rock samples
CN102095652B (en) * 2011-02-28 2013-01-02 中国矿业大学 Penetration test device of shorn rock samples
CN104422644A (en) * 2013-08-27 2015-03-18 立邦涂料(中国)有限公司 Method for determining permeability-resisting capability of coating
CN104458532A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 西南交通大学 Device and method for testing water permeability resistance of concrete joint under action of controllable lateral restriction
CN109443996A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-08 重庆大学 Film is impregnated with the device and method of pressure value during a kind of Sensitive Detection membrane distillation

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