CN201429297Y - Solar drying device for farm and sideline products - Google Patents

Solar drying device for farm and sideline products Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201429297Y
CN201429297Y CN2009200598490U CN200920059849U CN201429297Y CN 201429297 Y CN201429297 Y CN 201429297Y CN 2009200598490 U CN2009200598490 U CN 2009200598490U CN 200920059849 U CN200920059849 U CN 200920059849U CN 201429297 Y CN201429297 Y CN 201429297Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
drying box
solar energy
agricultural byproducts
water tank
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009200598490U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈建平
欧阳思洁
张会章
姚凯学
Original Assignee
肇庆学院
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Application filed by 肇庆学院 filed Critical 肇庆学院
Priority to CN2009200598490U priority Critical patent/CN201429297Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201429297Y publication Critical patent/CN201429297Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar drying device for farm and sideline products, which comprises a support frame fixed on a horizontal plane, a solar thermal collector, a drying box and a control box, wherein the solar thermal collector comprises a row of solar thermal collecting tubes, a reflecting plate arranged in parallel below the thermal collecting tubes, and a water tank arranged inside the support frame; the reflecting plate is inclined to be fixed on the support frame with a certain angle with the horizontal plane; the drying box is supported by the support frame; a box body of the drying box is a double-layer structure and consists of glass on a surface layer and a thermal collecting steel plate on an internal layer; the inside of the drying box is a material rack comprising a plurality of grid plates; and the control body is arranged on a side edge of the support frame. The solar drying device for the farm and sideline products uses solar energy as a main drying heat source, and in rainy days or at night, an electrical heating system is started to heat the water tank as an auxiliary drying heat source, so that the drying process is uninterrupted. Under the double heating action of the heat radiated by hot water in the water tank and the heat collected by an auxiliary thermal collector consisting of the periphery and a top surface of the drying box, the farm and sideline products paved on the material rack in the drying box are dried.

Description

Solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the dry materials field, relates to a kind of drying device of agricultural byproducts, particularly relates to a kind of agricultural byproducts drying device of applied solar energy.
Background technology
Solar energy drying is a kind of new drying method, it replaces conventional energy resource to add thermal material with solar energy, and modal is by cross-ventilation, and hot-air is met the wet stock contact and the heat transferred wet stock, make material moisture vaporization and be pulled away, thereby realize dry materials.
As a kind of new forms of energy that slow down energy crisis and solve environmental issue, as far back as the 1970s and 1980s in last century, developed countries such as the U.S. just take up the research of heliotechnics and set up the solar energy drying experimental provision of different scales.In recent years, China is very fast to the research and development of solar dryer, but as a whole, at present less to the solar energy heating technical research in the solar energy drying, practical application effect is more to be strengthened.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of solar energy that utilizes to the withering device of agricultural byproducts, all optimizes at aspects such as thermal-arrest usefulness, insulation energy storage effect, internal structure layouts.
A kind of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model comprises: bracing frame, be fixed in horizontal plane; Solar thermal collector comprises: row's solar energy heat collection pipe, and at the reflecting plate of described thermal-collecting tube parallel beneath installation, and the water tank that is arranged on support frame as described above inside, water tank bottom is equipped with infrared electric heating tube; Reflecting plate and horizontal plane tilt to be fixed on the bracing frame angularly; Drying box is by the support frame as described above support; The casing of described drying box is a double-decker, is made up of the glass on top layer and the thermal-arrest steel plate of internal layer; The back side of described drying box is equipped with sliding door; The inside of described drying box is the material framework that is made of some web plates, and each web plate can take out in drying box; Control cabinet is installed in the support frame as described above side.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, described water tank is the water tank of semicylinder; The water tank bottom surface is a single layer structure, towards drying box; The water tank face of cylinder is towards following, and this face of cylinder and two sides are double-decker, add between internal layer and the skin and fill out adiabator layer.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, described reflecting plate becomes 35 °~45 ° inclination angle with horizontal plane; Described reflecting plate is undulatory reflecting plate.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, the web plate of described drying box inside is at least three, constitutes the material frame of upper, middle and lower-ranking.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, be provided with several web plate bearings on the tank wall of described drying box, to place for web plate, the position of described web plate bearing can be adjusted relatively.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, the back mounted sliding door installed inside of described drying box has adiabator layer and rubber ring.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, the bottom half of described drying box offers several small sircle holes.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, the case of described drying box top is an inclined plane.
According to the further feature of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, the top of described drying box is equipped with air exhauster.
Further feature according to solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, the intake-outlet place of the bottom of described water tank is connected to three-way pipe, Water injection tap is connected to three-way pipe by water injecting electromagnetic valve, and bleeder cock is connected to three-way pipe by the magnetic valve that discharges water.
Solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, be to be the scorching source of trunk with solar energy, the solar energy glass double-layer vacuum thermal-collecting tube of installing in the heat collector absorbs solar energy, and conversion releases energy to heat transfer medium water, and the uninterrupted heat that discharges is to the heating that circulates of the water in the water tank; Agricultural byproducts to be dried are then spread layer by layer and are dispersed on the material frame of drying box, around heat that hot water distributes in water tank and the drying box and under the dual-heated effect of the heat deposited of the auxiliary heat collector collection formed of end face, the moisture of agricultural byproducts inside evaporates gradually, and product is dry gradually; An air exhauster is housed at the top of drying box, can force to drive hot-air circulates in drying box, carry out heat transmission with agricultural byproducts, simultaneously also can take away the moisture that distributes in the dry run, air exhauster can require to carry out automatic switch according to agricultural byproducts actual required humiture in dry run; In illumination condition imperfect overcast and rainy or evening, can start electric heating system according to dry needs and heat as the drying aid thermal source water, make dry run uninterrupted, to guarantee its drying effect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the side structure schematic diagram of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structure schematic diagram of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, and the sliding door part is cut open among the figure;
Fig. 3 is the front schematic view of the drying box of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the side schematic view of the drying box of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the schematic rear view of the drying box of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model, and the sliding door part is cut open among the figure;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of intake-outlet structure of the water tank of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device described in the utility model as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprising: bracing frame 1, be fixed in horizontal plane, and for example be fixed on level ground or roof terrace; Solar thermal collector 3 comprises: row's solar energy heat collection pipe 31, and at the reflecting plate 32 of described thermal-collecting tube 31 parallel beneath installation, and the water tank 2 that is arranged on support frame as described above 1 inside, infrared electric heating tube is equipped with in water tank 2 bottoms; Reflecting plate 32 tilts to be fixed on the bracing frame 1 with horizontal plane angularly; Drying box 4 is by support frame as described above 1 support; The casing of described drying box 4 is a double-decker, is made up of the glass 41 on top layer and the thermal-arrest steel plate 42 of internal layer; The back side of described drying box 4 is equipped with sliding door 44; The inside of described drying box 4 is the material framves that are made of some web plates 45, and each web plate 45 can take out in drying box 4; And control cabinet 5, be installed in support frame as described above 1 side.
Bracing frame is mainly used in and supports heat collector and drying box, its fix on the ground or the roof terrace on, for example, adopt 85 * 50 * 50 specification angle steel to be made.
Solar thermal collector is mainly used in the energy that absorbs sunshine, is heat energy with transform light energy, thereby provides required thermal source for the agricultural byproducts drying.Preferably, the solar thermal collector that the utility model adopted mainly comprises members such as double-deck solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe (for example, selecting the full glass double-layer vacuum thermal-collecting tube of gradual change Al-N/Al coating specification for use), reflective aluminium sheet, water tank.The solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe that links to each other with water tank is a glass material, and its skin is a vacuum, in order to improve its thermal-arrest usefulness, usually it is mounted to the inclination angle that becomes with horizontal plane about 35 °~45 °.Preferably, described reflecting plate 32 is undulatory reflecting plates.When heat collector was worked, water in the water tank flowed into the interior pipe and the heating of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, and relative colder water forms certain pressure differential in the water after the heating and the water tank, thus the generation circulative convection, and then make water heating in the water tank.Reflective aluminium sheet is tiled in the below of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, and it can reflex to sunshine the back side of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, thereby increases the illuminating area of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, and then improves thermal-arrest usefulness.
As shown in Figure 1, described water tank 2 is the water tank of semicylinder, can adopt stainless steel (the fully loaded about 120kg of water); Water tank bottom surface 21 is a single layer structure, towards drying box 4, plays to drying box and carries out thermal-radiating effect; The water tank face of cylinder is towards following, and this face of cylinder and two sides are double-decker, adds between the internal layer 22 and outer 23 to fill out adiabator layer 24 (select hard polyaminoester for use, fill through foam process).
Drying box is mainly used in places agricultural byproducts (abbreviating material as) to be dried, and material is carried out drying.
To shown in Figure 5, the case of drying box 4 top is designed to an inclined plane, helps the rainy day rainwater and goes downstream as Fig. 1.Drying box is designed to double-decker, and internal layer is a steel material, its outer surface spray black coating, thus can strengthen thermal-arrest usefulness; Skin is the transparent glass material, thereby sunshine can fully be shone; Between the inside and outside layer interlayer is arranged, play insulation effect, can be used for hydrofuge and cross-ventilation simultaneously.
To shown in Figure 5, the web plate 45 of described drying box 4 inside is at least three as Fig. 1, constitutes the material frame of upper, middle and lower-ranking, thereby can make the more even placement of agricultural byproducts to be dried.
As shown in Figure 2, be provided with several web plate bearings 46 on the tank wall of described drying box 4, place for web plate 45, each material frame can take out from drying box, thus the putting on the shelf and the undercarriage operation of convenient agricultural byproducts.The position of described web plate bearing 46 can be adjusted relatively.For example, set 6 material framves in the drying box and placed height and position, thereby be convenient to the actual needs of user, adjusted the interval height between each material frame flexibly, and then reach better drying effect according to each agricultural byproducts drying.
As shown in Figure 1, described drying box 4 back mounted sliding door 44 installed inside have adiabator layer 47 and rubber ring.With the contacted two fan handle thermal insulating door thermally insulated door installed inside of drying box doorframe one circle rubber ring, thereby both can prevent that floating rain enters in the drying box, can play the effect of adiabatic heat-insulation again.
To shown in Figure 5, the bottom half of described drying box 4 offers several small sircle holes 48 as Fig. 3, thereby can accelerate to do when starting air exhauster, the convective exchange of humid air, improves the usefulness that dehumidifies.For example, preceding, the bottom, left and right side of drying box internal box respectively add 6,3,3 small sircle holes of brill.
As shown in Figure 1, the top of described drying box 4 is equipped with air exhauster 43.During drying operation, if the humidity in the drying box is too high, agricultural byproducts to be dried go mouldy easily, must design a dehumidifier apparatus, are exactly that an air exhauster is installed on the drying box top panel, when the humidity in the drying box is too high, start the air exhauster of drying box top panel, utilize the air ventilation, make interior dry air of drying box interlayer and the humid air in the casing carry out convective exchange, humid air in the casing also can directly be discharged by air exhauster, thereby the humidity of air in the casing is reduced; When the humidity in the drying box is on the low side, turn off air exhauster.The Humidity Detection of drying box and the control of the switch of air exhauster are then finished by the intelligent monitor system of native system.
Control cabinet 5 is field control centers of agricultural byproducts drying, is mainly used in distribution, wiring and places control panel etc., can realize on-the-spot monitoring and control function in real time to the agricultural byproducts dry run.Control cabinet adopts stainless steel, is designed to have the rectangular structure of a drawing door, is installed in the right flank (as shown in Figure 2) of water tank.
Further can make improvements water tank, as shown in Figure 6, the intake-outlet place of the bottom of described water tank 2 is connected to three-way pipe 25, Water injection tap 27 is connected to three-way pipe 25 by water injecting electromagnetic valve 26, bleeder cock 29 is connected to three-way pipe 25 by the magnetic valve 28 that discharges water, thereby make drying device have two kinds of effects, both can be used for dry agricultural byproducts, the water tank water storage also can be used as general purpose hot water use simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device is characterized in that, comprising:
Bracing frame (1) is fixed in horizontal plane;
Solar thermal collector (3) comprising: row's solar energy heat collection pipe (31), at the reflecting plate (32) of described thermal-collecting tube (31) parallel beneath installation, and be arranged on the inner water tank (2) of support frame as described above (1), and infrared electric heating tube is equipped with in water tank (2) bottom; Reflecting plate (32) tilts to be fixed on the bracing frame (1) with horizontal plane angularly;
Drying box (4) is by support frame as described above (1) support; The casing of described drying box (4) is a double-decker, is made up of the glass (41) on top layer and the thermal-arrest steel plate (42) of internal layer; The back side of described drying box (4) is equipped with sliding door (44); The inside of described drying box (4) is the material frame that is made of some web plates (45), and each web plate (45) can take out in drying box (4);
Control cabinet (5) is installed in support frame as described above (1) side.
2, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water tank (2) is the water tank of the semicolumn bodily form; Water tank bottom surface (21) is a single layer structure, towards drying box (4); The water tank face of cylinder is towards following, and this face of cylinder and two sides are double-decker, adds between internal layer (22) and outer (23) and fills out adiabator layer (24).
3, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described reflecting plate (32) becomes 35 °~45 ° inclination angle with horizontal plane; Described reflecting plate (32) is undulatory reflecting plate.
4, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the inner web plate (45) of described drying box (4) is at least three, constitutes the material frame of upper, middle and lower-ranking.
5, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with several web plate bearings (46) on the tank wall of described drying box (4), place for web plate (45), the position of described web plate bearing (46) can be adjusted relatively.
6, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the back mounted sliding door of described drying box (4) (44) installed inside has adiabator layer (47) and rubber ring.
7, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom half of described drying box (4) offers several small sircle holes (48).
8, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the case top of described drying box (4) is an inclined plane.
9, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of described drying box (4) is equipped with air exhauster (43).
10, solar energy agricultural byproducts drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the intake-outlet place of the bottom of described water tank (2) is connected to three-way pipe (25), Water injection tap (27) is connected to three-way pipe (25) by water injecting electromagnetic valve (26), and bleeder cock (29) is connected to three-way pipe (25) by the magnetic valve that discharges water (28).
CN2009200598490U 2009-07-06 2009-07-06 Solar drying device for farm and sideline products CN201429297Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200598490U CN201429297Y (en) 2009-07-06 2009-07-06 Solar drying device for farm and sideline products

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200598490U CN201429297Y (en) 2009-07-06 2009-07-06 Solar drying device for farm and sideline products

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102072617A (en) * 2010-12-15 2011-05-25 内蒙古科技大学 Solar dryer
CN102732352A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-10-17 无锡格林波特科技有限公司 Complete production device of energy-saving high-efficiency biomass fuel particles
CN103062911A (en) * 2011-10-19 2013-04-24 李恺文 Solar energy heat pipe type grain dryer
CN103851892A (en) * 2012-12-06 2014-06-11 美的集团股份有限公司 Drying machine
CN104585850A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-06 蒙城县云超日用品有限公司 Full-automatic numerical control dehydration processing system
CN106509720A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 缪顺义 Manufacturing and processing method of dried wild apricots by using solar energy air flow drying
CN108149455A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of controllable temperature drying box on solar water heater
CN108151326A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of improved solar water heater
CN108151339A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of solar water heater of efficient heat exchange
CN108180648A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-19 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of solar water heater with functions/drying

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102072617A (en) * 2010-12-15 2011-05-25 内蒙古科技大学 Solar dryer
CN102072617B (en) * 2010-12-15 2013-05-29 内蒙古科技大学 Solar dryer
CN103062911A (en) * 2011-10-19 2013-04-24 李恺文 Solar energy heat pipe type grain dryer
CN102732352A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-10-17 无锡格林波特科技有限公司 Complete production device of energy-saving high-efficiency biomass fuel particles
CN103851892A (en) * 2012-12-06 2014-06-11 美的集团股份有限公司 Drying machine
CN104585850A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-06 蒙城县云超日用品有限公司 Full-automatic numerical control dehydration processing system
CN104585850B (en) * 2015-02-12 2016-08-24 蒙城县云超日用品有限公司 Full-automatic numerical control processed system
CN106509720A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 缪顺义 Manufacturing and processing method of dried wild apricots by using solar energy air flow drying
CN108149455A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of controllable temperature drying box on solar water heater
CN108151326A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of improved solar water heater
CN108151339A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of solar water heater of efficient heat exchange
CN108180648A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-19 海宁海光信息科技有限公司 A kind of solar water heater with functions/drying
CN108151326B (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-09-13 义乌市一宸新能源有限公司 A kind of improved solar water heater

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