CN201428138Y - Combined foundation of large-sized tower mast type mechanical equipment - Google Patents

Combined foundation of large-sized tower mast type mechanical equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201428138Y
CN201428138Y CN2009201448170U CN200920144817U CN201428138Y CN 201428138 Y CN201428138 Y CN 201428138Y CN 2009201448170 U CN2009201448170 U CN 2009201448170U CN 200920144817 U CN200920144817 U CN 200920144817U CN 201428138 Y CN201428138 Y CN 201428138Y
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outer end
regular polygon
plane
central part
slab structure
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赵正义
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a combined foundation, which is formed by an equilateral polygonal or circular independent foundation beam and slab structure and solid scattered materials such as sand, stones, soil and the like and is disposed on a large-sized tower mast type structure such as wind turbines and the like, wherein equilateral polygonal or circular independent foundation beam and slab structure is formed by combing concrete prefabricated components. Functions of the original integral cast-in-place foundation are realized by aid of an upper-lower radial type horizontal space crossedand horizontal periphery closed pre-stressed combined connection system, a concave-convex key positioning system, a concrete shearing-resistant non-clearance connecting surface construction system anda scattered material bin system together. The combined foundation has the advantages of saving resources, protecting environment, reducing cost and having capacity of being shifted and reused.

Description

The large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation
Technical field
The utility model relates to the basis of can the be shifted reusable large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment that is combined by solid granules such as concrete prefabricated parts and sand, stone, soil such as wind power generating set etc.
Background technology
At present, integral cast-in-situ concrete basis is all adopted on the basis of large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment such as wind power generating set, rig etc.The technical performance of existing tower mast mechanical equipment combined foundation can not satisfy its requirement far away.Its obvious drawback is that bulky, the repeated use that can not be shifted causes ample resources waste, economic waste and environment pollution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model and task provide that a kind of energy satisfies as anti-tilting moment, horizontal force, vertical force and the horizontal torque demand of the large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment of wind power generating set, with a large amount of non-concrete materials substitute concrete material, the prefabricated large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation of novel plantization reusable, that more traditional Cast-in-place concrete basis that shorten the operation of construction period release situ wet economizes on resources, reduces cost, eliminates waste pollution can be shifted.
Technical scheme combining form of the present utility model: the single footing that single footing beam and slab structure that is formed by the concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination and non-concrete bulk cargo such as sand, stone, soil etc. constitute jointly; The horizontal combination joint construction system of supporting with it concrete structure prefabricated component; Anti-shearing anti-member displacement formation system; Anti-bulk cargo horizontal movement structural system; The vertical locating structure system that is connected with the top plant equipment; And other is for realizing the construction measure of technical goal service.
The geometry of the single footing that concrete prefabricated parts of the present utility model is combined into has following feature:
One, plane geometric figure is concentricity: flat shape is more than or equal to (1) 1 of the prism central part of the regular polygon of 4 even number for the limit number, the plane is (40) 1 of No. 2, (2) 1 of No. 1, the regular polygon of integer multiple of regular polygon limit, plane number of central part (1) or circular resistance to compression plates or resistance to compression plates for the limit number, the plane is that regular polygon tubular or annular cross section are the annular girder (4) of rectangle, the inscribed circle diameter of regular polygon or outside diameter are greater than (39) 1 of the regular polygon of the external profile diameter of annular girder (4) or circular platform seats, quantity is 1 or 2 times of regular polygon limit, plane number of central part (1), the axis of identical grade beam of the horizontal sextant angle that adjacent grade beam axis intersects in the base center No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11); Two, height relationships: upward the plane is equal with central part (1) for platform base (39), and the last plane of annular girder (4) is higher than platform base (39); The cross section is that the plane is lower than plane with platform base (39) connecting portion on the last planar horizontal of the grade beam No. 1 (3) of rectangle or grade beam No. 2 (11) or the outer rim; The outer plane of grade beam No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11) and platform base (39) handing-over is equal with platform base (39) or be lower than platform base (39); The bottom of grade beam No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11) respectively with resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) the formation beam and slab structure that is integrated; Three, plan-position relation: the inscribed circle diameter on the regular polygon plane of central part (1) is less than the inscribed circle or the circular diameter of annular girder (4) inner edge regular polygon; The inscribed circle diameter of the plane regular polygon outer rim of annular girder (4) is less than the regular polygon inscribed circle or the circular external profile diameter of platform base (39); The radius of the circular flat of the inscribed circle on the regular polygon plane of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) is more than or equal to the beam outer end of grade beam No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11) distance to the base center; In the vertical concrete that is embedded in annular girder (4) of the vertical stone bolt (5) that is connected the location of upper mast bar type structure; Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8.
Regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) by (1) 1 of the concentric central part in plane, (4) 1 of annular girders, regular polygon or (39) 1 of circular platform seats, plane outer rim be shaped as (2) 1 of No. 1, resistance to compression plates that the limit number is the regular polygon limit, plane of central part (a 1) regular polygon of counting integral multiple, axis is vertical with the outside, plane of central part (1) and the grade beam of basic dead in line by this outside mid point No. 1 (3) formation jointly; Or with number of packages regular polygon beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) alternative regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) identical with regular polygon limit, central part (1) plane number; The vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 1 (102); The base is a common edge with the corresponding outside of the regular polygon of central part (1) in the plane of beam and slab structure No. 1 (102); The outside of beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and the part of the outside on the regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) between the vertical tangent line of the extended line of its regular polygon outside plotted point; Part annular girder (4) and platform base (39) that beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) is provided with on the part of annular girder (4) and platform base (39) and other beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) constitute integral loop ellbeam (4) and integral platform seat (39) jointly; The resistance to compression plate of the planar axes bundle of lines beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) of grade beam No. 1 (3) No. 1 (2) is divided equally and is symmetrical polygon; Or with combination back, plane and No. 1 (102) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure No. 1 (12), transition piece No. 1 (13) and No. 1 (14) each 1 No. 1, alternative beam and slab structure (102) of outer end piece; The common edge of inner end piece No. 1 (12) and transition piece No. 1 (13), transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 1 (14) is the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the regular polygon outside, plane of corresponding central part (1); Shown in Fig. 1,2,9,10.
Circular foundation No. 1 (103) by (1) 1 of the concentric central part in plane, (4) 1 of annular girders, (39) 1 of platform bases, plane outer rim be (40) 1 of No. 2, circular resistance to compression plates, axis is vertical with the outside, plane of central part (1) and the grade beam of basic dead in line by this outside mid point No. 1 (3) formation jointly; Or to substitute No. 1, circular foundation (103) after number of packages No. 2 (104) horizontal combination of beam and slab structure identical with regular polygon limit, central part (1) plane number, the vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 2 (104), the outside of beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and the part of the outside of the circular foundation No. 1 (103) between the vertical tangent line of the extended line of its regular polygon outside plotted point; No. 2 (104) planes of beam and slab structure are fan-shaped, the regular polygon of base and central part (1) outside is a common edge in its plane, and beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) is provided with annular girder (4) and common integrant annular girder of platform base (39) (4) and the platform base (39) on the part of annular girder (4) and platform base (39) and other beam and slab structure No. 2 (104); The axis of grade beam No. 1 (3) is divided the resistance to compression plate of beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) No. 2 (40) for symmetrical fan-shaped equally; Or with combination back, plane and No. 2 (104) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure No. 1 (12), transition piece No. 1 (13) and No. 3 (16) each alternative No. 2, beam and slab structure (104) in combination back, 1 from-inner-to-outer plane of outer end piece; The common edge of inner end piece No. 1 (12) and transition piece No. 1 (13), transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 3 (16) is the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the regular polygon outside, plane of corresponding central part (1); Shown in Fig. 3,4,11,12.
Regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) is No. 2 (11) 2 roads of grade beam of rectangle by (2) 1 of No. 1, central parts (1), regular polygon resistance to compression plate, (4) 1 of annular girders, (39) 1 of platform bases and the cross section that is provided with corresponding to the every limit of central part (1) regular polygon, and the angle of No. 2 (11) planes of adjacent foundation beam axis equates, divides the mid point of the basic axis of No. 2 (11) axis angles of adjacent foundation beam by corresponding central part (1) regular polygon outside equally; Or to substitute No. 2 (105), regular polygon basis after number of packages No. 3 (106) horizontal combination of beam and slab structure identical with regular polygon limit, central part (1) plane number; The vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 3 (106); The base is a common edge with the corresponding outside of the regular polygon of central part (1) in the plane of beam and slab structure No. 3 (106); The outside of beam and slab structure No. 3 (106) be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and the part of the outside on the regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) between the vertical tangent line of the extended line of its regular polygon outside plotted point;
Or with alternative No. 3, beam and slab structure (106) after combination back, plane and No. 3 (106) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure No. 2 (17), transition piece No. 2 (18) and No. 2 (19) each 1 from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination of outer end piece; Or with combination back, plane and No. 2 (19) identical outer ends of outer end piece bulk-breaking No. 3 (26) and No. 4 (27) each 1 No. 2, alternative outer end piece (19) of outer end bulk-breaking; The common edge of outer end bulk-breaking No. 3 (26) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 4 (27) is the vertical tangent line of the straight line that passes through central part (1) center of No. 1 (2) area of resistance to compression plate of dividing outer end piece No. 2 (19) equally;
Or be more than or equal to alternative No. 3, beam and slab structure (106) after (19) 1 of No. 2, No. 2 (18) n spares of transition piece, the outer end pieces of 2 Integer n or outer end bulk-breaking No. 3 (26), No. 4 (27) each 1 from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination of outer end bulk-breakings with (17) 1 of No. 2, combination back, plane and No. 3 (106) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, number of packages; Common edge between inner end piece No. 2 (17) and transition piece No. 2 (18), transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 2 (19), the n spare transition piece No. 2 (18) is: the straight line of the corresponding outside, the plane that is parallel to central part (1) of No. 1 (2) part of resistance to compression plate and the plumb cut of the broken line that the straight line perpendicular to No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis in No. 2 (11) width ranges of grade beam is formed by connecting; Or with after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination with (24) 1 of No. 7, (29) 1 of No. 4, No. 3 (106) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, transition piece, No. 6 (28) 1 No. 3, alternative beam and slab structure of outer end piece (106); Or with the arranged side by side outer end bulk-breaking after the combination No. 5 (30) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 6 (31) (28) 1 of No. 6,1 the alternative outer end pieces respectively of level;
Or be No. 7 (24) n spares of transition piece more than or equal to 2 Integer n with (29) 1 of No. 4, inner end piece, number of packages, substitute No. 3, beam and slab structure (106) after (28) 1 of No. 6, outer end pieces or outer end bulk-breaking No. 5 (30) and No. 6 (31) each 1 from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination of outer end bulk-breaking; Common edge between inner end piece No. 4 (29) and transition piece No. 7 (24), transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 6 (28), the n spare transition piece No. 7 (24) is: the last plane of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) with the lower part is: the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the corresponding outside, plane of central part (1); Resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) is gone up plane: with the interior vertical tangent line perpendicular to two straightways of No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis of No. 2 (11) width ranges of twice grade beam of the same member of the straight line intersection that is parallel to the corresponding outside of central part (1) of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2); Shown in Fig. 5,6,13,14,17,18.
Circular foundation No. 2 (107) is No. 2 (11) 2 roads of grade beam of rectangle by (40) 1 of No. 2, the resistance to compression plates of (1) 1 of central part, circular flat, (4) 1 of annular girders, (39) 1 of platform bases and the cross section that is provided with corresponding to the every limit of central part (1) regular polygon, and the angle of No. 2 (11) planes of adjacent foundation beam axis equates, divides the mid point of the basic axis of No. 2 (11) axis angles of adjacent foundation beam by corresponding central part (1) regular polygon outside equally; Or with number of packages beam and slab structure No. 4 (108) plane combination back alternative No. 2, the circular foundation (107) identical with central part (1) regular polygon limit number; The vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 4 (108); The base is a common edge with the corresponding outside of the regular polygon of central part (1) in the plane of beam and slab structure No. 4 (108); Beam and slab structure No. 4 (108) outside be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and its regular polygon outside the part of outside of circular foundation No. 1 (103) between the vertical tangent line of extended line of plotted point;
Or with after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination with (18) 1 of No. 2, (17) 1 of No. 2, No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, transition piece and No. 5 (25) 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure of outer end piece (108); Or with after the horizontal combination arranged side by side with No. 5 (25) identical outer ends of outer end piece bulk-breaking No. 1 (20) and No. 2 (21) each 1 No. 5, alternative outer end piece (25) of outer end bulk-breaking; The common edge of outer end bulk-breaking No. 1 (20) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 2 (21) is the vertical tangent line of the straight line that passes through central part (1) center of No. 2 (40) areas of resistance to compression plate of dividing outer end piece No. 5 (25) equally;
Or be more than or equal to (25) 1 of No. 5, No. 2 (18) n spares of transition piece, the outer end pieces of 2 Integer n or outer end bulk-breaking No. 1 (20), outer end bulk-breaking No. 2 (21) 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure (108) respectively with (17) 1 of No. 2, combination back, from-inner-to-outer plane and No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, number of packages; Common edge between inner end piece No. 2 (17) and transition piece No. 2 (18), transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 5 (25), the n spare transition piece No. 2 (18) is: the straight line of the corresponding outside, the plane that is parallel to central part (1) of No. 1 (2) part of resistance to compression plate and the plumb cut of the broken line that the straight line perpendicular to No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis in No. 2 (11) width ranges of grade beam is formed by connecting;
Or with after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination with (24) 1 of No. 7, (29) 1 of No. 4, No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, transition piece and No. 8 (35) 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure of outer end piece (108); Or make up back and (33) 1 of No. 7, No. 8 (35) identical outer ends of outer end piece bulk-breakings and No. 8 (34) 1 No. 8, alternative outer end pieces of outer end bulk-breaking (35) side by side with level; The common edge of outer end bulk-breaking No. 7 (33) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 8 (34) is the vertical tangent line of the straight line that passes through central part (1) center of No. 2 (40) areas of resistance to compression plate of dividing outer end piece No. 8 (35) equally;
Or being more than or equal to (35) 1 of No. 8, No. 7 (24) n spares of transition piece of 2 Integer n and outer end pieces or outer end bulk-breaking No. 7 (33), No. 8 (34) each 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure (108) of outer end bulk-breaking with (29) 1 of No. 4, No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, number of packages after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination; Common edge between inner end piece No. 4 (29) and transition piece No. 7 (24), transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 8 (35), the n spare transition piece No. 7 (24) is: the last plane of resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) with the lower part is: the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the corresponding outside, plane of central part (1); Resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) is gone up planes: with the interior vertical tangent line perpendicular to two straightways of No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis of No. 2 (11) width ranges of twice grade beam of the same member of the straight line intersection that is parallel to the corresponding outside of central part (1) of resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40); Shown in Fig. 7,8,15,16,19,20.
The structure of concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination connected system of the present utility model:the horizontal combination of regular polygon basic No. 1 (101) or circular foundation No. 1 (103) is connected to upper and lower single hole or goes up two kinds of horizontal spaces intersection post-tensioning unbounded prestress systems of single porous down; On the first half axis of the grade beam No. 1 (3) of concrete precast construction part the axis of steel strand duct, 1 road (36) level through grade beam No., 1 (3) is set, the section of its center, duct absolute altitude outside central part (1) is identical; The bottom is provided with on the axis of grade beam No. 1 (3) together or symmetry is horizontally disposed with multiple tracks parallel steel stranded wire duct (36), and the section of its center, duct absolute altitude outside central part (1) is identical; The steel strand duct (36) of No. 1 (3) upper and lower setting of each grade beam makes or center, the duct absolute altitude in the steel strand duct (36) of lower horizontal connected system level in inner end piece No. 1 (12) in that central part (1) is space crossed; In steel strand duct (36), the one end is fixed end (38) with steel strand (41), and the other end is stretch-draw end (37); Shown in Figure 21; 22; 23; 24; 25,26. ( 38 ) 1 ( 14 ) 3 ( 16 ) 6 ( 28 ) 8 ( 35 ) 2 ( 19 ) 5 ( 25 ) 1 ( 3 ) 2 ( 11 ) 1 ( 2 ) 2 ( 40 ) 2 ( 70 ) ( 82 ) 5 ( 68 ) 5 ( 68 ) 1 ( 67 ) ( 36 ) 4 ( 65 ) ( 36 ) ; The closure plate (69) that cooperates with No. 5 (68) endoporus of circle has equal with facade outside the member concrete (71) that seals in the outside of closure plate (69); Circle No. 4 (65) outside is provided with bearing ring (64), and bearing ring (64) is gone up porose (81), steel strand (41) from the hole (81) pass; The outer end of steel strand (41) is provided with steel strand anchor head (66); Stretch-draw end ( 37 ) is that L shaped its internal diameter circle No. 2 ( 58 ) concentric horizontal combination identical with the internal diameter of steel strand duct ( 36 ) are connected by the equal export-oriented reeded cross section of the vertical outer facade of concrete prefabricated parts of the grade beam of outside and outer end piece No. 1 ( 14 ) or outer end piece No. 3 ( 16 ) or outer end piece No. 6 ( 28 ) or outer end piece No. 8 ( 35 ) or outer end piece No. 2 ( 19 ) or outer end piece No. 5 ( 25 ) No. 1 ( 3 ) or grade beam No. 2 ( 11 ) or resistance to compression plate No. 1 ( 2 ) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 ( 40 ) ; It is L shaped No. 3, circle (59) that No. 2 (58) outsides of circle are provided with the section that No. 2 (58) L shaped grooves of its external diameter and circle match, its export-oriented internal diameter groove matches with anchor ring (61) external diameter; Cylindrical anchor ring (61) is provided with the little bellmouth of outer imperial palace (82), and an end of steel strand (41) passes outwards through from bellmouth (82), between bellmouth (82) and steel strand (41) intermediate plate (60) is arranged; The collar extension that nozzle outer end aperture surface is provided with the internal thread that the external screw thread that is provided with No. 3 (59) outer diametric planes of circle matches has the protective sleeve (62) of circle, between protective sleeve (62) and circle No. 2 (58) No. 1, sealing gasket (63) is arranged; Shown in Figure 27,28.
The method to set up in many (more than or equal to 2) the steel strand ducts (36) of same horizontal position of the horizontal combination connected system of regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) or circular foundation No. 2 (107) and the concrete prefabricated parts that forms by its decomposition be the beam axis symmetry horizontal parallel with grade beam No. 2 (11) distribute and center, steel strand duct (36) absolute altitude at sustained height, many (more than or equal to 2) the steel strand ducts (36) that are symmetrical in the parallel outside of central part (1) two side lower parts are the horizontal parallel layout in central part (1); Shown in Figure 25,26.
Be the globality after the stiffener combination, resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or the inscribed circle of resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) or the steel strand duct (36) that inside circumference is established annular of No. 1 (101) or circular foundation No. 1 (103) or regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) or circular foundation No. 2 (107) on regular polygon basis, two groups of stretch-draw ends (37) and fixed end (38) structure is set at the position of plane symmetry, and it is fastening with steel strand (41) circumference to be carried out on the bed rearrangement basis; Shown in Figure 21,22,23,24,25,26.
In order to make the accurate positioning that is connected of each prefabricated unit, be provided with by the corresponding positioning key (83) that is arranged on the adjacent concrete prefabricated parts joint face respectively the minimum 2 groups of positioning keys (83) that are provided with on the vertical joint face of every group of correspondence on the face by detent (45) and the common formation of the protruding key in location (46) that cooperates with it interconnecting of each prefabricated unit; The taper hole circle (47) that outer imperial palace fine taper hole (82) is arranged that detent (45) is flushed by the outer facade of outside and concrete member and nozzle outwardly tin in concentric connection of cylinder (48) of butter (49) arranged, the medial surface of taper hole circle (47) and cylinder (48) has dowel (50) to be connected with taper hole circle (47), cylinder (48); Locate protruding key (46) by the outer facade of outside and concrete flush in have circular hole to cooperate with cone key (52) cylindrical part No. 1, circle (51), the tapering part of cone key (52) cooperates with the bellmouth (82) of taper hole circle (47), has dowel (50) to be connected with cone key (52), circle No. 1 (51) in the inboard of circle No. 1 (51) and cone key (52); As shown in figure 41.On the adjacent joint face of inner end piece No. 1 (12) and transition piece No. 1 (13) or transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 1 (14) or transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 3 (16), positioning key (83) is arranged at any part of the vertical joint face of grade beam No. 1 (3) or resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2); No. 7, inner end piece No. 2 (17) and transition piece No. 2 (18) or transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 2 (19) or transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 5 (25) or inner end piece No. 4 (29) and transition piece
(24) or on the adjacent joint face of transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 6 (28) or transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 8 (35), positioning key (83) is located on the vertical joint face of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40); On the adjacent vertical joint face of central part (1) and beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) or beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) or beam and slab structure No. 3 (106) or beam and slab structure No. 4 (108), positioning key (83) can be located at any part; Shown in Figure 29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,56.
The vertical joint face of each concrete prefabricated parts of the present utility model cooperates for no gap, the cavity (84) that the lower end of the vertical joint face of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) has the adjacent lattice dihedral of contiguous prefabricated member to become, be provided with power transmission layer of sand (6) between resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or No. 2 (40) bottom surfaces of resistance to compression plate and the concrete bed course (7), shown in Figure 52,53.On the vertical joint face of two adjacent concrete prefabricated parts, be provided with the concavo-convex anti-shearing joint face of triangle (75) or trapezoidal anti-shearing joint face (77) or the anti-shearing joint face of circular arc (78) or the vertical plane seamless connectivity face (76) of corresponding matching; Shown in Figure 43,44,45,42.
There are two kinds of set-up modes on basis of the present utility model: bury entirely or reveal entirely; Fully buried is to establish concrete bed course (7) on the ground of foundation ditch (8), between resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) and concrete bed course (7) power transmission layer of sand (6) is arranged; After basis concrete prefabricated parts assembling finished, filling sand or bulk cargos such as stone or soil (9) were provided with bulk cargo location cover plate (10) on bulk cargo (9); Full dew formula is that basis instrument is more than terrace, after basis concrete prefabricated parts assembling finishes, on the outward flange of its resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40), be provided with pre-buried steel column (79) and match with the pre-buried groove (80) of prefabricated bulk bin baffle plate (72) lower end; With being connected in one of connector (74) and steel embedded part (73), make bulk bin baffle plate (72) form the tubular feed bin between two bulk bin baffle plates (72); On bulk cargo (9), be provided with bulk cargo location cover plate (10); Shown in Fig. 6,10,46,47,48,49.
Central part of the present utility model (1) is 1 on a regular polygon prism, or with horizontal tangent with its be divided into part under the center (55), in the heart part (56) and in (57) 3 of parts in the heart, on the horizontal seamless connectivity face of adjacent each part, be provided with the protruding key of concrete (53) of prismoid or truncated pyramid or frustum of a cone and do not have the recessed key of concrete (54) that the gap cooperates with it; In in the heart part (57) be 1 or its level be divided into n (n more than or equal to 2, integer) part that the horizontal connecting surface after cutting apart is provided with protruding key of the concrete that matches up and down (53) and the recessed key of concrete (54), shown in Figure 50,51.
In order to make steel strand duct (36) sealing, end in the steel strand duct (36) of the joint face of adjacent concrete member is established the annular groove (87) identical with steel strand duct (36) internal diameter, and built-in thickness is greater than No. 2, the sealing gasket (88) of annular groove (87) groove depth; Shown in Figure 55.
Be efficient and the assurance safety that improves lifting concrete member, on the outer side elevation of every concrete member, be horizontally disposed with and be no less than 3 lifting pin-and-holes (85), to insert in the lifting pin-and-hole (85) with the cylindricality steel pin (86) that cooperates with lifting pin-and-hole (85) of suspension hook combination by suspension ring (89), can lift by crane, shown in Figure 54.Beam slab single footing structure that beneficial effect the utility model forms after with the concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination and novel foundation placed on it as the common large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment that constitutes of bulk cargos such as sand, stone, soil such as wind power generating set, exploration machine.Compare with traditional integral Cast-in-place concrete basis, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. a large amount of concrete resources and the energy input on large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment basis have been saved;
2. significantly reduce basic cost of manufacture, had tangible direct economic benefit;
3. overcome the wet trade of field fabrication, realized that batch production is prefabricated;
4. realized the displacement repeated use, created technical condition for further improving resource utilization;
5. utterly destroyed the pollution that discarded back, traditional basis forms;
6. construction period shortens significantly, is beneficial to high and cold and the arid area construction.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 1 (101), No. 1 (102) plan view of beam and slab structure
Fig. 2---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 1 (101), No. 1 (102) sectional drawing of beam and slab structure
Fig. 3---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 1 (103), No. 2 (104) plan views of beam and slab structure
Fig. 4---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 1 (103), No. 2 (104) sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Fig. 5---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) plan views of beam and slab structure
Fig. 6---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Fig. 7---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) plan views of beam and slab structure
Fig. 8---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Fig. 9---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 1 (101), No. 1 (102) unit construction plan view of beam and slab structure
Figure 10---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 1 (101), No. 1 (102) unit construction sectional drawing of beam and slab structure
Figure 11---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 1 (103), No. 2 (104) unit construction plan views of beam and slab structure
Figure 12---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 1 (103), No. 2 (104) unit construction sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Figure 13---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) unit construction plan views of beam and slab structure
Figure 14 prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) unit construction sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Figure 15---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) unit construction plan views of beam and slab structure
Figure 16---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) unit construction sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Figure 17---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) unit construction plan views of beam and slab structure
Figure 18---concrete prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) unit construction sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Figure 19---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) unit construction plan views of beam and slab structure
Figure 20---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) unit construction sectional drawings of beam and slab structure
Figure 21---the prefabricated regular polygon of concrete basis No. 1 (101) horizontal connected system () plan view
Figure 22---the prefabricated regular polygon of concrete basis No. 1 (101) horizontal connected system () sectional drawing
Figure 23---the prefabricated regular polygon of concrete basis No. 1 (101) horizontal connected system (two) plan view
Figure 24---prefabricated regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) horizontal connected system (two) sectional drawing
No. 2 (107) horizontal connected system plan views of Figure 25---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete
No. 2 (107) horizontal connected system sectional drawings of Figure 26---the prefabricated circular foundation of concrete
Figure 27---fixed end (38) structure drawing
Figure 28---stretch-draw end (37) structure drawing
Figure 29---regular polygon basis No. 1 (101), No. 1 (102) prefabricated units integrated positioning system of beam and slab structure plan view
Figure 30---regular polygon basis No. 1 (101), No. 1 (102) prefabricated units integrated positioning system of beam and slab structure sectional drawing
Figure 31---circular foundation No. 1 (103), No. 2 (104) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure plan view
Figure 32---circular foundation No. 1 (103), No. 2 (104) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure sectional drawing
Figure 33---regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure plan views
Figure 34---regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure sectional drawings
Figure 35---circular foundation No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure plan views
Figure 36---circular foundation No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure sectional drawings
Figure 37---regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure plan views
Figure 38---regular polygon basis No. 2 (105), No. 3 (106) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure sectional drawings
Figure 39---circular foundation No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure plan views
Figure 40---circular foundation No. 2 (107), No. 4 (108) prefabricated units integrated positioning systems of beam and slab structure sectional drawings
Figure 41---positioning key (83) drawing
Figure 42---prefabricated units plane does not have the gap and cooperates sectional drawing
Figure 43---the concavo-convex anti-shearing joint face of prefabricated units triangle (75) sectional drawing
Figure 44---the trapezoidal anti-shearing joint faces of prefabricated units (77) sectional drawing
Figure 45---the anti-shearing joint face of prefabricated units circular arc (78) sectional drawing
Figure 46---bulk bin plan view
Figure 47---bulk bin sectional drawing
The joint construction schematic diagram (one) of Figure 48---bulk bin baffle plate (72)
The joint construction schematic diagram (two) of Figure 49---bulk bin baffle plate (72)
The anti-shearing structure in location (one) of Figure 50---central part (1)
The prefabricated units composite construction of Figure 51---central part (1)
The vertical joint face structural section (one) of Figure 52---resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40)
The vertical joint face structural section (two) of Figure 53---resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40)
Figure 54---lifting pin-and-hole (85) and cylindricality steel pin (86) structural section
Figure 55---the seal for pipe joints structural section of steel strand duct (36)
Figure 56---steel strand duct (36), steel strand (41), detent (45) on the concrete prefabricated parts joint face, locate protruding key (46), the concavo-convex anti-shearing joint face of triangle (75), vertical plane seamless connectivity face (76), trapezoidal anti-shearing joint face (77), the anti-shearing joint face of circular arc (78) distribution schematic diagram
The specific embodiment
Regular polygon of the present utility model basis No. 1 101 or beam and slab structure No. 1 102 or circular foundation No. 1 103 or beam and slab structure No. 2 104 or regular polygon basis No. 2 105 or beam and slab structure No. 3 106 or regular polygon basis No. 2 105 or beam and slab structure No. 3 106 or circular foundation No. 2 107 or beam and slab structure No. 4 108 are formed by the desired location composite assembly by concrete prefabricated parts, and its flat shape is shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20.
In order to transport, install, disassemble and make facility, the cutting modes that transition piece No. 1 13 or transition piece No. 2 18 or transition piece can be set by the utility model for No. 7 24 are divided into many.
The utility model adopts along the axis of grade beam No. 13 or grade beam No. 2 11 and divides upper and lower two positions that horizontal combination prestress wire connected system is set; Connect whole concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination as a whole according to singly placing an order, go up single many steel strand duct 36 down in the employing of structure needs with space crossed form; Be the reinforcement level system that is connected, be provided with the fastening structure of annular level at the circumference of resistance to compression plate No. 12 or resistance to compression plate No. 2 40; Shown in Figure 21,22,23,24,25,26.
In order to guarantee the accurate positioning of concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination and to make vertical plane seamless connectivity face 76 or the concavo-convex anti-shearing joint face 75 of triangle or trapezoidal anti-shearing joint face 77 or anti-shearing joint face 78 realizations of the circular arc no gap cooperation of being located on the vertical joint face of concrete prefabricated parts, on each vertical joint face of each concrete prefabricated parts, be provided with the detent 45 that cooperatively interacts by the corresponding position that is divided into the adjacent members joint face and locate the positioning key 83 that protruding key 46 constitutes jointly, during the concrete prefabricated parts assembling, from central part 1 location, the detent 45 that the protruding key 46 in the location of the member of permanent position is aimed on the corresponding adjacent with it concrete prefabricated parts joint face, the groove that makes the protruding key 46 in location insert detent 45 gets final product; Shown in Figure 29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41.
In order to prevent to have in the concrete prefabricated parts anabolic process foreign material to sandwich slit between two joint faces, cause the member joint face can't realize not having the gap and cooperate, be provided with the cavity 84 that the lattice dihedral by adjacent members becomes in the lower end of per pass joint face; Shown in Figure 52,53.
For strengthening globality and the anti-shear ability after concrete prefabricated parts makes up, on the vertical joint face of concrete member, be provided with the anti-shearing anti-displacement formation of the concavo-convex anti-shearing joint face 75 of vertical plane seamless connectivity face 76 or triangle or trapezoidal anti-shearing joint face 77 or the anti-shearing joint face 78 of circular arc, cooperate the anti-shearing anti-displacement formation system that forms the concrete member with positioning key 83; Shown in Figure 42,43,44,45.
The steel strand prestressing without bondn connected system of concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination of the present utility model is to reserve steel strand duct 36 by desired location when prefabricated concrete element, the step of the horizontal connected system of installation is: one, after the basis concrete prefabricated parts is all in place, the steel strand 41 that one end are provided with anchor head pass from the hole of the bearing ring 64 of fixed end 38, penetrate steel strand duct 36 again, steel strand 41 are passed from stretch-draw end 37, anchor ring 61 and intermediate plate 60 are installed, with the stretch-draw machine steel strand 41 are carried out stretch-draw, when making the joint face realization no gap cooperation of concrete prefabricated parts and reaching the prestress value of regulation, install fastening No. 1 63 protective sleeve 62 and sealing gasket; Two, the closure plate 69 of fixed end 38 is installed after, sealing concrete 71 sealing, in the time of must disassembling the basis, will seal concrete 71 and shave and remove, pull down closure plate 69, then steel strand 41 are extracted out; Three, after above two programs are finished, by said procedure steel strand 41 are penetrated in the steel strand duct 36 of the resistance to compression plate No. 12 on basis or resistance to compression plate No. 2 40, carry out stretch-draw after, as stated above stretch-draw end 37 and fixed end 38 are carried out sealing; Shown in Figure 21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28.
For the ease of the lifting transportation of central part 1, adopt the level of concrete prefabricated parts to cut apart and the vertical cartel mode, be divided into many to one; Shown in Figure 50,51.
Use down for the ease of various geological environments, the utility model adopts and buries entirely and reveal two kinds of set-up modes entirely, and fully buried for preventing that ground from being soaked by rainwater and the moving of bulk cargo, the bulk cargo that is provided with steel bar concrete on bulk cargo is located cover plate 10; Full dew formula is provided with the bulk bin by the concrete prefabricated parts combination for preventing the bulk cargo horizontal movement, and is stable with the gravity of guaranteeing the basis; Shown in Fig. 6,10,46,47.

Claims (5)

1, the large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation does not have the gap cooperation by many levels of concrete prefabricated parts, be combined into the concrete isolated beam plated construction of regular polygon or circular flat with the horizontal connected system of post-tensioning unbounded prestress after, configuration sand or bulk cargos such as stone or soil on it is characterized in that:
The geometry of the single footing that concrete prefabricated parts is combined into has following feature:
One, plane geometric figure is concentricity: flat shape is more than or equal to (1) 1 of the prism central part of the regular polygon of 4 even number for the limit number, the plane is (40) 1 of No. 2, (2) 1 of No. 1, the regular polygon of integer multiple of regular polygon limit, plane number of central part (1) or circular resistance to compression plates or resistance to compression plates for the limit number, the plane is that regular polygon tubular or annular cross section are the annular girder (4) of rectangle, the inscribed circle diameter of regular polygon or outside diameter are greater than (39) 1 of the regular polygon of the external profile diameter of annular girder (4) or circular platform seats, quantity is 1 or 2 times of regular polygon limit, plane number of central part (1), the axis of identical grade beam of the horizontal sextant angle that adjacent grade beam axis intersects in the base center No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11); Two, height relationships: upward the plane is equal with central part (1) for platform base (39), and the last plane of annular girder (4) is higher than platform base (39); The cross section is that the plane is lower than plane with platform base (39) connecting portion on the last planar horizontal of the grade beam No. 1 (3) of rectangle or grade beam No. 2 (11) or the outer rim; The outer plane of grade beam No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11) and platform base (39) handing-over is equal with platform base (39) or be lower than platform base (39); The bottom of grade beam No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11) respectively with resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) the formation beam and slab structure that is integrated; Three, plan-position relation: the inscribed circle diameter on the regular polygon plane of central part (1) is less than the inscribed circle or the circular diameter of annular girder (4) inner edge regular polygon; The inscribed circle diameter of the plane regular polygon outer rim of annular girder (4) is less than the regular polygon inscribed circle or the circular external profile diameter of platform base (39); The radius of the circular flat of the inscribed circle on the regular polygon plane of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) is more than or equal to the beam outer end of grade beam No. 1 (3) or grade beam No. 2 (11) distance to the base center; In the vertical concrete that is embedded in annular girder (4) of the vertical stone bolt (5) that is connected the location of upper mast bar type structure;
Regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) by (1) 1 of the concentric central part in plane, (4) 1 of annular girders, regular polygon or (39) 1 of circular platform seats, plane outer rim be shaped as (2) 1 of No. 1, resistance to compression plates that the limit number is the regular polygon limit, plane of central part (a 1) regular polygon of counting integral multiple, axis is vertical with the outside, plane of central part (1) and the grade beam of basic dead in line by this outside mid point No. 1 (3) formation jointly; Or with number of packages regular polygon beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) alternative regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) identical with regular polygon limit, central part (1) plane number; The vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 1 (102); The base is a common edge with the corresponding outside of the regular polygon of central part (1) in the plane of beam and slab structure No. 1 (102); The outside of beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and the part of the outside on the regular polygon basis No. 1 (101) between the vertical tangent line of the extended line of its regular polygon outside plotted point; Part annular girder (4) and platform base (39) that beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) is provided with on the part of annular girder (4) and platform base (39) and other beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) constitute integral loop ellbeam (4) and integral platform seat (39) jointly; The resistance to compression plate of the planar axes bundle of lines beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) of grade beam No. 1 (3) No. 1 (2) is divided equally and is symmetrical polygon; Or with combination back, plane and No. 1 (102) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure No. 1 (12), transition piece No. 1 (13) and No. 1 (14) each 1 No. 1, alternative beam and slab structure (102) of outer end piece; The common edge of inner end piece No. 1 (12) and transition piece No. 1 (13), transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 1 (14) is the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the regular polygon outside, plane of corresponding central part (1);
Circular foundation No. 1 (103) by (1) 1 of the concentric central part in plane, (4) 1 of annular girders, (39) 1 of platform bases, plane outer rim be (40) 1 of No. 2, circular resistance to compression plates, axis is vertical with the outside, plane of central part (1) and the grade beam of basic dead in line by this outside mid point No. 1 (3) formation jointly; Or to substitute No. 1, circular foundation (103) after number of packages No. 2 (104) horizontal combination of beam and slab structure identical with regular polygon limit, central part (1) plane number, the vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 2 (104), the outside of beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and the part of the outside of the circular foundation No. 1 (103) between the vertical tangent line of the extended line of its regular polygon outside plotted point; No. 2 (104) planes of beam and slab structure are fan-shaped, the regular polygon of base and central part (1) outside is a common edge in its plane, and beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) is provided with annular girder (4) and common integrant annular girder of platform base (39) (4) and the platform base (39) on the part of annular girder (4) and platform base (39) and other beam and slab structure No. 2 (104); The axis of grade beam No. 1 (3) is divided the resistance to compression plate of beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) No. 2 (40) for symmetrical fan-shaped equally; Or with combination back, plane and No. 2 (104) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure No. 1 (12), transition piece No. 1 (13) and No. 3 (16) each alternative No. 2, beam and slab structure (104) in combination back, 1 from-inner-to-outer plane of outer end piece; The common edge of inner end piece No. 1 (12) and transition piece No. 1 (13), transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 3 (16) is the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the regular polygon outside, plane of corresponding central part (1);
Regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) is No. 2 (11) 2 roads of grade beam of rectangle by (2) 1 of No. 1, central parts (1), regular polygon resistance to compression plate, (4) 1 of annular girders, (39) 1 of platform bases and the cross section that is provided with corresponding to the every limit of central part (1) regular polygon, and the angle of No. 2 (11) planes of adjacent foundation beam axis equates, divides the mid point of the basic axis of No. 2 (11) axis angles of adjacent foundation beam by corresponding central part (1) regular polygon outside equally; Or to substitute No. 2 (105), regular polygon basis after number of packages No. 3 (106) horizontal combination of beam and slab structure identical with regular polygon limit, central part (1) plane number; The vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 3 (106); The base is a common edge with the corresponding outside of the regular polygon of central part (1) in the plane of beam and slab structure No. 3 (106); The outside of beam and slab structure No. 3 (106) be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and the part of the outside on the regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) between the vertical tangent line of the extended line of its regular polygon outside plotted point;
Or with alternative No. 3, beam and slab structure (106) after combination back, plane and No. 3 (106) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure No. 2 (17), transition piece No. 2 (18) and No. 2 (19) each 1 from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination of outer end piece; Or with combination back, plane and No. 2 (19) identical outer ends of outer end piece bulk-breaking No. 3 (26) and No. 4 (27) each 1 No. 2, alternative outer end piece (19) of outer end bulk-breaking; The common edge of outer end bulk-breaking No. 3 (26) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 4 (27) is the vertical tangent line of the straight line that passes through central part (1) center of No. 1 (2) area of resistance to compression plate of dividing outer end piece No. 2 (19) equally;
Or be more than or equal to alternative No. 3, beam and slab structure (106) after (19) 1 of No. 2, No. 2 (18) n spares of transition piece, the outer end pieces of 2 Integer n or outer end bulk-breaking No. 3 (26), No. 4 (27) each 1 from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination of outer end bulk-breakings with (17) 1 of No. 2, combination back, plane and No. 3 (106) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, number of packages; Common edge between inner end piece No. 2 (17) and transition piece No. 2 (18), transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 2 (19), the n spare transition piece No. 2 (18) is: the straight line of the corresponding outside, the plane that is parallel to central part (1) of No. 1 (2) part of resistance to compression plate and the plumb cut of the broken line that the straight line perpendicular to No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis in No. 2 (11) width ranges of grade beam is formed by connecting; Or with after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination with (24) 1 of No. 7, (29) 1 of No. 4, No. 3 (106) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, transition piece, No. 6 (28) 1 No. 3, alternative beam and slab structure of outer end piece (106); Or with the arranged side by side outer end bulk-breaking after the combination No. 5 (30) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 6 (31) (28) 1 of No. 6,1 the alternative outer end pieces respectively of level;
Or be No. 7 (24) n spares of transition piece more than or equal to 2 Integer n with (29) 1 of No. 4, inner end piece, number of packages, substitute No. 3, beam and slab structure (106) after (28) 1 of No. 6, outer end pieces or outer end bulk-breaking No. 5 (30) and No. 6 (31) each 1 from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination of outer end bulk-breaking; Common edge between inner end piece No. 4 (29) and transition piece No. 7 (24), transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 6 (28), the n spare transition piece No. 7 (24) is: the last plane of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) with the lower part is: the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the corresponding outside, plane of central part (1); Resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) is gone up plane: with the interior vertical tangent line perpendicular to two straightways of No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis of No. 2 (11) width ranges of twice grade beam of the same member of the straight line intersection that is parallel to the corresponding outside of central part (1) of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2);
Circular foundation No. 2 (107) is No. 2 (11) 2 roads of grade beam of rectangle by (40) 1 of No. 2, the resistance to compression plates of (1) 1 of central part, circular flat, (4) 1 of annular girders, (39) 1 of platform bases and the cross section that is provided with corresponding to the every limit of central part (1) regular polygon, and the angle of No. 2 (11) planes of adjacent foundation beam axis equates, divides the mid point of the basic axis of No. 2 (11) axis angles of adjacent foundation beam by corresponding central part (1) regular polygon outside equally; Or with number of packages beam and slab structure No. 4 (108) plane combination back alternative No. 2, the circular foundation (107) identical with central part (1) regular polygon limit number; The vertical tangent line of the extended line of center by central part (1) and outside, its regular polygon plane plotted point is the common edge of adjacent 2 beam and slab structure No. 4 (108); The base is a common edge with the corresponding outside of the regular polygon of central part (1) in the plane of beam and slab structure No. 4 (108); Beam and slab structure No. 4 (108) outside be adjacent two by central part (1) the center and its regular polygon outside the part of outside of circular foundation No. 1 (103) between the vertical tangent line of extended line of plotted point;
Or with after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination with (18) 1 of No. 2, (17) 1 of No. 2, No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, transition piece and No. 5 (25) 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure of outer end piece (108); Or with after the horizontal combination arranged side by side with No. 5 (25) identical outer ends of outer end piece bulk-breaking No. 1 (20) and No. 2 (21) each 1 No. 5, alternative outer end piece (25) of outer end bulk-breaking; The common edge of outer end bulk-breaking No. 1 (20) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 2 (21) is the vertical tangent line of the straight line that passes through central part (1) center of No. 2 (40) areas of resistance to compression plate of dividing outer end piece No. 5 (25) equally;
Or be more than or equal to (25) 1 of No. 5, No. 2 (18) n spares of transition piece, the outer end pieces of 2 Integer n or outer end bulk-breaking No. 1 (20), outer end bulk-breaking No. 2 (21) 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure (108) respectively with (17) 1 of No. 2, combination back, from-inner-to-outer plane and No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, number of packages; Common edge between inner end piece No. 2 (17) and transition piece No. 2 (18), transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 5 (25), the n spare transition piece No. 2 (18) is: the straight line of the corresponding outside, the plane that is parallel to central part (1) of No. 1 (2) part of resistance to compression plate and the plumb cut of the broken line that the straight line perpendicular to No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis in No. 2 (11) width ranges of grade beam is formed by connecting;
Or with after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination with (24) 1 of No. 7, (29) 1 of No. 4, No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, transition piece and No. 8 (35) 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure of outer end piece (108); Or make up back and (33) 1 of No. 7, No. 8 (35) identical outer ends of outer end piece bulk-breakings and No. 8 (34) 1 No. 8, alternative outer end pieces of outer end bulk-breaking (35) side by side with level; The common edge of outer end bulk-breaking No. 7 (33) and outer end bulk-breaking No. 8 (34) is the vertical tangent line of the straight line that passes through central part (1) center of No. 2 (40) areas of resistance to compression plate of dividing outer end piece No. 8 (35) equally;
Or being more than or equal to (35) 1 of No. 8, No. 7 (24) n spares of transition piece of 2 Integer n and outer end pieces or outer end bulk-breaking No. 7 (33), No. 8 (34) each 1 No. 4, alternative beam and slab structure (108) of outer end bulk-breaking with (29) 1 of No. 4, No. 4 (108) identical inner end piece of beam and slab structure, number of packages after the from-inner-to-outer horizontal combination; Common edge between inner end piece No. 4 (29) and transition piece No. 7 (24), transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 8 (35), the n spare transition piece No. 7 (24) is: the last plane of resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) with the lower part is: the vertical tangent line of straight line that is parallel to the corresponding outside, plane of central part (1); Resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) is gone up planes: with the interior vertical tangent line perpendicular to two straightways of No. 2 (11) planes of grade beam axis of No. 2 (11) width ranges of twice grade beam of the same member of the straight line intersection that is parallel to the corresponding outside of central part (1) of resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40);
The structure of concrete prefabricated parts horizontal combination connected system:the horizontal combination of regular polygon basic No. 1 (101) or circular foundation No. 1 (103) is connected to upper and lower single hole or goes up two kinds of horizontal spaces intersection post-tensioning unbounded prestress systems of single porous down; On the first half axis of the grade beam No. 1 (3) of concrete precast construction part the axis of steel strand duct, 1 road (36) level through grade beam No., 1 (3) is set, the section of its center, duct absolute altitude outside central part (1) is identical; The bottom is provided with on the axis of grade beam No. 1 (3) together or symmetry is horizontally disposed with multiple tracks parallel steel stranded wire duct (36), and the section of its center, duct absolute altitude outside central part (1) is identical; The steel strand duct (36) of No. 1 (3) upper and lower setting of each grade beam makes or center, the duct absolute altitude in the steel strand duct (36) of lower horizontal connected system level in inner end piece No. 1 (12) in that central part (1) is space crossed; Steel strand (41) place in the steel strand duct (36), and the one end is fixed end (38), and the other end is stretch-draw end (37); ( 38 ) 1 ( 14 ) 3 ( 16 ) 6 ( 28 ) 8 ( 35 ) 2 ( 19 ) 5 ( 25 ) 1 ( 3 ) 2 ( 11 ) 1 ( 2 ) 2 ( 40 ) 2 ( 70 ) ( 82 ) 5 ( 68 ) 5 ( 68 ) 1 ( 67 ) ( 36 ) 4 ( 65 ) ( 36 ) ; The closure plate (69) that cooperates with No. 5 (68) endoporus of circle has equal with facade outside the member concrete (71) that seals in the outside of closure plate (69); Circle No. 4 (65) outside is provided with bearing ring (64), and bearing ring (64) is gone up porose (81), steel strand (41) from the hole (81) pass; The outer end of steel strand (41) is provided with steel strand anchor head (66); Stretch-draw end ( 37 ) is that L shaped its internal diameter circle No. 2 ( 58 ) concentric horizontal combination identical with the internal diameter of steel strand duct ( 36 ) are connected by the equal export-oriented reeded cross section of the vertical outer facade of concrete prefabricated parts of the grade beam of outside and outer end piece No. 1 ( 14 ) or outer end piece No. 3 ( 16 ) or outer end piece No. 6 ( 28 ) or outer end piece No. 8 ( 35 ) or outer end piece No. 2 ( 19 ) or outer end piece No. 5 ( 25 ) No. 1 ( 3 ) or grade beam No. 2 ( 11 ) or resistance to compression plate No. 1 ( 2 ) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 ( 40 ) ; It is L shaped No. 3, circle (59) that No. 2 (58) outsides of circle are provided with the section that No. 2 (58) L shaped grooves of its external diameter and circle match, its export-oriented internal diameter groove matches with anchor ring (61) external diameter; Cylindrical anchor ring (61) is provided with the little bellmouth of outer imperial palace (82), and an end of steel strand (41) passes outwards through from bellmouth (82), between bellmouth (82) and steel strand (41) intermediate plate (60) is arranged; The collar extension that nozzle outer end aperture surface is provided with the internal thread that the external screw thread that is provided with No. 3 (59) outer diametric planes of circle matches has the protective sleeve (62) of circle, between protective sleeve (62) and circle No. 2 (58) No. 1, sealing gasket (63) is arranged;
The set-up mode in the many steel strand ducts (36) of same horizontal position of the horizontal combination connected system of regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) or circular foundation No. 2 (107) and the concrete prefabricated parts that forms by its decomposition be the beam axis symmetry horizontal parallel with grade beam No. 2 (11) distribute and center, steel strand duct (36) absolute altitude at sustained height, the many steel strand ducts (36) that are symmetrical in the parallel outside of central part (1) two side lower parts are the horizontal parallel layout central part (1) in;
Resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or the inscribed circle of resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) or the steel strand duct (36) that inside circumference is established annular of No. 1 (101) or circular foundation No. 1 (103) or regular polygon basis No. 2 (105) or circular foundation No. 2 (107) on regular polygon basis, two groups of stretch-draw ends (37) and fixed end (38) structure is set at the position of plane symmetry, and it is fastening with steel strand (41) circumference to be carried out on the bed rearrangement basis;
Be provided with by the corresponding positioning key (83) that is arranged on the adjacent concrete prefabricated parts joint face respectively the minimum 2 groups of positioning keys (83) that are provided with on the vertical joint face of every group of correspondence on the face by detent (45) and the common formation of the protruding key in location (46) that cooperates with it interconnecting of each prefabricated unit; The taper hole circle (47) that outer imperial palace fine taper hole (82) is arranged that detent (45) is flushed by the outer facade of outside and concrete member and nozzle outwardly tin in concentric connection of cylinder (48) of butter (49) arranged, the medial surface of taper hole circle (47) and cylinder (48) has dowel (50) to be connected with taper hole circle (47), cylinder (48); Locate protruding key (46) by the outer facade of outside and concrete flush in have circular hole to cooperate with cone key (52) cylindrical part No. 1, circle (51), the tapering part of cone key (52) cooperates with the bellmouth (82) of taper hole circle (47), has dowel (50) to be connected with cone key (52), circle No. 1 (51) in the inboard of circle No. 1 (51) and cone key (52); On the adjacent joint face of inner end piece No. 1 (12) and transition piece No. 1 (13) or transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 1 (14) or transition piece No. 1 (13) and outer end piece No. 3 (16), positioning key (83) is arranged at any part of the vertical joint face of grade beam No. 1 (3) or resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2); On the adjacent joint face of inner end piece No. 2 (17) and transition piece No. 2 (18) or transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 2 (19) or transition piece No. 2 (18) and outer end piece No. 5 (25) or inner end piece No. 4 (29) and transition piece No. 7 (24) or transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 6 (28) or transition piece No. 7 (24) and outer end piece No. 8 (35), positioning key (83) is located on the vertical joint face of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40); On the adjacent vertical joint face of central part (1) and beam and slab structure No. 1 (102) or beam and slab structure No. 2 (104) or beam and slab structure No. 3 (106) or beam and slab structure No. 4 (108), positioning key (83) is located at any part;
The vertical joint face of each concrete prefabricated parts cooperates for no gap, the cavity (84) that the lower end of the vertical joint face of resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) has the adjacent lattice dihedral of contiguous prefabricated member to become is provided with power transmission layer of sand (6) between resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or No. 2 (40) bottom surfaces of resistance to compression plate and the concrete bed course (7); On the vertical joint face of two adjacent concrete prefabricated parts, be provided with the concavo-convex anti-shearing joint face of triangle (75) or trapezoidal anti-shearing joint face (77) or the anti-shearing joint face of circular arc (78) or the vertical plane seamless connectivity face (76) of corresponding matching.
2, large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that:
There are two kinds of set-up modes on the basis: bury entirely or reveal entirely; Fully buried is to establish concrete bed course (7) on the ground of foundation ditch (8), between resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40) and concrete bed course (7) power transmission layer of sand (6) is arranged; After basis concrete prefabricated parts assembling finished, filling sand or bulk cargos such as stone or soil (9) were provided with bulk cargo location cover plate (10) on bulk cargo (9); Full dew formula is that basis instrument is more than terrace, after basis concrete prefabricated parts assembling finishes, on the outward flange of its resistance to compression plate No. 1 (2) or resistance to compression plate No. 2 (40), be provided with pre-buried steel column (79) and match with the pre-buried groove (80) of prefabricated bulk bin baffle plate (72) lower end; Be connected with steel embedded part (73) with connector (74) between two bulk bin baffle plates (72), bulk bin baffle plate (72) forms the tubular feed bin; On bulk cargo (9), be provided with bulk cargo location cover plate (10).
3, large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that:
Central part (1) is 1 on a regular polygon prism, or with part (55) under vertical combination with one heart back and the identical center of central part (1), in the heart part (56) and in (57) 3 alternative central parts of part (1) in the heart, part under the center (55) with in the heart part (57), in the heart part (57) with in the heart the vertical interface of part (56) be respectively different horizontal planes; On the horizontal seamless connectivity face of adjacent each part, be provided with the protruding key of concrete (53) of prismoid or truncated pyramid or frustum of a cone and do not have the recessed key of concrete (54) that the gap cooperates with it.
4, as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundations, it is characterized in that:
End in the steel strand duct (36) of the joint face of adjacent concrete member is established the annular groove (87) identical with steel strand duct (36) internal diameter, and built-in thickness is greater than No. 2, the sealing gasket (88) of annular groove (87) groove depth.
5, as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described large-scale tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundations, it is characterized in that:
On the outer side elevation of every concrete member, be horizontally disposed with and be no less than 3 lifting pin-and-holes (85), suspension ring (89) and the cylindricality steel pin (86) that cooperates of lifting pin-and-hole (85) with lift pin-and-hole (85) and cooperate.
CN2009201448170U 2009-03-02 2009-03-02 Combined foundation of large-sized tower mast type mechanical equipment Expired - Lifetime CN201428138Y (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101864775A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-10-20 赵正义 Bulk material bin of tower mast mechanical equipment combined foundation
CN101892674A (en) * 2010-08-13 2010-11-24 赵正义 Concrete bulk bin of tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation
CN103397655A (en) * 2013-08-03 2013-11-20 朱奎 Method for constructing prestress raft foundation
AT517959A4 (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-06-15 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind turbine
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WO2018055446A1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-03-29 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a windmill
US20220145573A1 (en) * 2019-02-28 2022-05-12 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind power plant

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101864775A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-10-20 赵正义 Bulk material bin of tower mast mechanical equipment combined foundation
CN101864775B (en) * 2010-07-20 2011-12-07 赵正义 Bulk material bin of tower mast mechanical equipment combined foundation
CN101892674A (en) * 2010-08-13 2010-11-24 赵正义 Concrete bulk bin of tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation
CN101892674B (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-08-15 赵正义 Concrete bulk bin of tower mast type mechanical equipment combination foundation
CN103397655A (en) * 2013-08-03 2013-11-20 朱奎 Method for constructing prestress raft foundation
CN103397655B (en) * 2013-08-03 2015-11-25 朱奎 Prestressing force Raft construction
AT517959B1 (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-06-15 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind turbine
AT517958A4 (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-06-15 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind turbine
AT517959A4 (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-06-15 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind turbine
AT517958B1 (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-06-15 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind turbine
US10934679B2 (en) 2016-02-18 2021-03-02 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind mill
US10968592B2 (en) 2016-02-18 2021-04-06 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind mill
US11795653B2 (en) 2016-02-18 2023-10-24 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind mill
WO2018055446A1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-03-29 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a windmill
US20200018035A1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2020-01-16 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a windmill
US10724204B2 (en) 2016-09-26 2020-07-28 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a windmill
AU2017330583B2 (en) * 2016-09-26 2023-02-16 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a windmill
US20220145573A1 (en) * 2019-02-28 2022-05-12 Holcim Technology Ltd Foundation for a wind power plant

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