CN201426360Y - Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening - Google Patents

Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201426360Y
CN201426360Y CN2009200429863U CN200920042986U CN201426360Y CN 201426360 Y CN201426360 Y CN 201426360Y CN 2009200429863 U CN2009200429863 U CN 2009200429863U CN 200920042986 U CN200920042986 U CN 200920042986U CN 201426360 Y CN201426360 Y CN 201426360Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
extrusion
extrusion chamber
cavity
steam
bypass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2009200429863U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马亮
李松云
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Muyang Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Muyang Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Muyang Group Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Muyang Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009200429863U priority Critical patent/CN201426360Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201426360Y publication Critical patent/CN201426360Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an extrusion processing device for bypass ripening in the food and feed processing field. The extrusion processing device comprises an extrusion cavity which is internallyprovided with an extrusion screw, a material-blocking ring which is matched with the extrusion cavity is arranged on the extrusion screw and partitions the extrusion cavity into a primary extrusion cavity and a secondary extrusion cavity, a bypass pipeline is arranged between the primary extrusion cavity and the secondary extrusion cavity and communicates the primary extrusion cavity and the secondary extrusion cavity, and a steam heating cavity is arranged outside the bypass pipeline. The material can enter the bypass pipeline after the preliminary extrusion and is heated by the steam which is filled in the steam heating cavity under pressure, the material is quickly ripened and becomes pasty and reenters the secondary extrusion cavity, then is extruded and discharged from a discharging and cutting device, and is finally extruded instantly by pressure loss and is cut and formed. The device can control the ripening degree of the material, has good flowability of the ripened material and small mechanical resistance, reduces the mechanical wear and loss, is energy-saving and high-efficient, and can be used for extrusion processing for materials such as food and feed.

Description

The expanding processing device of bypass curing
Technical field
The utility model relates generally to former and the technology in the grain and food field of feed processing, particularly relates to the device of extrusion processing and the method for expanding processing.
Background technology
The processing unit (plant) that existing food, feed extrusion are used comprises extrusion chamber, is provided with extruding screw in the extrusion chamber, and extrusion chamber one end is provided with charging aperture, and the other end is provided with the discharging cutter sweep.During work, extruding screw is pushed material to the discharging cutter sweep from charging aperture continuously, and material is expanded and be cut moulding.In this process, several stages such as material has successively passed through feeding, rubs up, final slaking, the pressure of material increases gradually, and temperature raises gradually, and under high temperature, high pressure, shear conditions, the rerum natura of material changes.Become pasty state by powdery, starch gelatinization, albuminous degeneration, cellulosic are partly degraded, refinement, and pathogenic bacteria are killed, and sanitary index improves, the toxic component inactivation; Final material is under powerful pressure differential effect, and material is by expanded, dehydration, cooling, dilated product short texture, porous, crisp, and palatability and local flavor are preferably arranged.But, all energy that material is extruded, stirs, shears, rubs all are the mechanical energy that derives from the input of extrusion equipment, the input of these mechanical energy has influence on the pressure and temperature of material, also promptly have influence on the curing degree of material, when the curing degree of material is not enough, the expanded quality of material will be affected, therefore, for guaranteeing that product has good quality, material itself should have enough energy.In the prior art, in order to reduce the mechanical energy energy consumption, some producers can add steam at the feeding end in material, because the interpolation of steam can improve the gelatinization degree of material, reduce the mechanical energy that needs in the material gelatinization process, but its amplitude are limited.Because: the space of Builking cavity is very little, and the time of staying of material in whole Builking cavity is very short, and the time of steam and material infiltration is very short, and like this, material becomes relatively limited because of the amount of cure of the effect lifting of steam.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of can reduce food, feed extrusion energy consumption, and can control the expanding processing device of the bypass curing of material curing degree as required, and a kind of method of utilizing this device to carry out expanding processing is provided simultaneously.
For this reason, the expanding processing device of the bypass curing that the utility model provides, it comprises extrusion chamber, be provided with extruding screw in the extrusion chamber, extrusion chamber one end is provided with charging aperture, the other end is provided with the discharging cutter sweep, described extruding screw is provided with the resistance material ring that matches with extrusion chamber, the resistance material ring is separated into extrusion chamber near extrusion chamber of charging aperture one side with near the second extrusion chamber of discharging cutter sweep one side, be provided with by-pass line between extrusion chamber and the second extrusion chamber extrusion chamber is connected with second extrusion chamber, described by-pass line is provided with steam heating cavity outward.
In the expanding processing device that the utility model provides, the resistance material ring is separated into extrusion chamber and second extrusion chamber with extrusion chamber, and material is after preliminary extruding, can enter in the by-pass line, under pressure state, the steam that material is passed in the steam heating cavity heats, make the rapid slaking of material, become pasty state, then, material enters in the second extrusion chamber through by-pass line, after being extruded the further pressurization of screw rod, from the discharging of discharging cutter sweep, the material instantaneous loss of pressure is expanded, and is cut moulding.Compared with prior art, the utility model can be regulated the pressure of the steam that feeds in the steam heating cavity, the curing degree that flow is controlled material, to adapt to the demand of different material; In by-pass line, after material was ripened, it was liquid or semi-fluid state, the good fluidity of material, and mechanical resistance is little, has reduced mechanical friction, has saved from the mechanical energy of the input of extruding screw, has reduced the wearing and tearing of extruding screw and extrusion chamber.Material can form the material envelope, the problem that the usefulness of having avoided the gap between extrusion chamber and the extruding screw to cause internal leakage to bring reduces.This device is energy-conservation, efficient, can be used for the expanding processing of materials such as grain, feed.
For conveniently regulating the water content of material, simultaneously, can in material, directly import heat energy, be provided with steam near the resistance material ring position on the described extrusion chamber and mend inlet.In case of necessity, can in material, mend the steam of certain pressure, promote the flowability of material slaking and energy strength imparting material by steam benefit inlet.
For making things convenient for pipe arrangement and heating, described by-pass line takes the shape of the letter U, and the steam inlet of steam heating cavity respectively is provided with one in the opening both sides of U-shaped, and the steam (vapor) outlet of steam heating cavity is arranged on the bottom of U-shaped.
For ease of regulating the pressure of material in the by-pass line, described by-pass line is provided with control valve.Can regulate the pressure of material in the by-pass line by the aperture of control valve.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of device described in the utility model.
Among the figure, 1 discharging cutter sweep, 2 second extrusion chambers, 3 control valves, 4 extruding screws, 5 resistance material rings, 6 steam are mended inlet, 7 extrusion chambers, 8 charging apertures, 9 transmission systems, 10,14 steam inlets, 11 steam (vapor) outlets, 12 steam heating cavity, 13 by-pass lines.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, expanding processing device for bypass curing, comprise extrusion chamber, be provided with extruding screw 4 in the extrusion chamber, extrusion chamber one end is provided with charging aperture 8, and the other end is provided with discharging cutter sweep 1, and extruding screw 4 is provided with the resistance material ring 5 that matches with extrusion chamber, resistance material ring 5 is separated into extrusion chamber an extrusion chamber 7 of close charging aperture 8 one sides and is provided with steam near close resistance material ring 5 positions on 2, extrusion chambers 7 of second extrusion chamber of discharging cutter sweep 1 one sides mends inlet 6; Be provided with by-pass line 13 between extrusion chamber 7 and the second extrusion chamber 2 and an extrusion chamber 7 be connected the by-pass line 13 outer steam heating cavity 12 that are provided with second extrusion chamber 2; By-pass line 13 takes the shape of the letter U, and the steam inlet 10,14 of steam heating cavity 12 respectively is provided with one in the opening both sides of U-shaped, and the steam (vapor) outlet 11 of steam heating cavity 12 is arranged on the bottom of U-shaped, also is provided with a control valve 3 on by-pass line 13.
Extruding screw 4 links to each other with transmission system 9, and the power of motor is 15KW in the transmission system 9, and extruding screw 4 diameters are 60mm; The extruding screw 4 of same diameter needed the motor of configuration 30KW in the past; Through practical proof, because the setting of by-pass line 13 is arranged, can obviously reduce the power of motor, the heat energy of comparing and increasing reduces power of motor and has remarkable economy.
Contrast test:
A) utilize the single serew bulker of a prior art to carry out pilot production, obtain relevant parameter.The main motor 160KW of prior art bulking machine, screw diameter 165mm, the draw ratio of screw rod is 13: 1, the screw arrangement zone is divided into feeding zone, rubs up the district, final slaking district;
The prescription of material sees Table one, and the material grinding fineness is 95% by 80 mesh sieves, and 99.5% crosses 60 mesh sieves, and 100% crosses 50 mesh sieves.Material at first carries out precuring in a common quality-adjusting device, the gelatinization degree of material is 45% behind the process quality-adjusting device, and material temperature is 95 ℃, and the moisture of material is 19%.
The prescription of table one material (weight percentage)
Dregs of beans 27
Wheat flour 25
Wheat bran 18
The young cake of dish 27
Grease 3
Add up to 100
Material enters in the bulking machine and pushes, and the discharging nib in the discharging cutter sweep uses the 3.0mm diameter.Increase feeding capacity during production to improve main motor load, when main load-rate of motor was 95%, bulking machine output was 5.5 tons/hour as far as possible, and at this moment, the ton material power consumption of this bulking machine is 27.3kWh/t.The dilated product gelatinization degree that finally obtains is 100%, and swelling granular is full, attractive in appearance.
B) utilize the utility model technology to improve, and carry out pilot production, obtain relevant parameter at this single serew bulker.Equally, this single serew bulker, main motor 160Kw, screw diameter 165mm, the draw ratio of screw rod is 13: 1.
From the charging aperture feeding, to the inner steam 4% that adds of material, the time of staying is 5 minutes in by-pass line when material reaches an extrusion chamber end, and the pressure in this zone is 0.6Mpa, and steam pressure is 0.6Mpa in the steam heating cavity.All the other technological parameters are constant.
Increase feeding capacity during production to improve main motor load, when main load-rate of motor was 95%, the output of this device was 11.5 tons/hour as far as possible, and playing ton material power consumption is 13.2KWh/t.The dilated product gelatinization degree that finally obtains is 100%, and swelling granular is full, attractive in appearance.
The contrast test relevant parameter sees Table two
Table two production control parameter and testing result parameter
A B Change
Main motor current (KW) 160 160 /
The gelatinization degree of dilated product (%) 100 100 /
The output of bulking machine (t/h) 5.5 11.5 Improve 209%
Ton material power consumption (KWh/t) 27.6 13.2 Drop to 47.8 %
Two groups of tests of A, B are compared, and the maturing process of material is mainly finished in not needing to import " by-pass line " of too much mechanical energy in the utility model.The slaking of this part mainly comes from material and keep the regular hour under certain temperature and certain pressure, and energy of its outer input mainly is the cheap steam of relative worth.So, utilize the utility model, under the constant situation of mechanical energy input, reach equally at the expanded back of material gelatinization degree under 100% the prerequisite, the production capacity of bulking machine promotes 1.5~3 times, and main motor ton material power consumption only is 33~67% of a prior art.

Claims (4)

1, the expanding processing device of bypass curing, comprise extrusion chamber, be provided with extruding screw in the extrusion chamber, extrusion chamber one end is provided with charging aperture, the other end is provided with the discharging cutter sweep, it is characterized in that described extruding screw is provided with the resistance material ring that matches with extrusion chamber, the resistance material ring is separated into extrusion chamber near extrusion chamber of charging aperture one side with near the second extrusion chamber of discharging cutter sweep one side, be provided with by-pass line between extrusion chamber and the second extrusion chamber extrusion chamber is connected with second extrusion chamber, described by-pass line is provided with steam heating cavity outward.
2, the expanding processing device of bypass curing according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with steam near the resistance material ring position on the described extrusion chamber mends inlet.
3, the expanding processing device of bypass curing according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that described by-pass line takes the shape of the letter U, and the steam inlet of steam heating cavity respectively is provided with one in the opening both sides of U-shaped, and the steam (vapor) outlet of steam heating cavity is arranged on the bottom of U-shaped.
4, the expanding processing device of bypass curing according to claim 3 is characterized in that described by-pass line is provided with control valve.
CN2009200429863U 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening Expired - Lifetime CN201426360Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200429863U CN201426360Y (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200429863U CN201426360Y (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201426360Y true CN201426360Y (en) 2010-03-24

Family

ID=42030082

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009200429863U Expired - Lifetime CN201426360Y (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201426360Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102763891A (en) * 2012-07-11 2012-11-07 江苏牧羊集团有限公司 Dry-method single-screw bulking machine
CN101692927B (en) * 2009-06-30 2013-03-27 牧羊有限公司 Puffing processing device of bypass curing and puffing processing method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101692927B (en) * 2009-06-30 2013-03-27 牧羊有限公司 Puffing processing device of bypass curing and puffing processing method thereof
CN102763891A (en) * 2012-07-11 2012-11-07 江苏牧羊集团有限公司 Dry-method single-screw bulking machine
CN102763891B (en) * 2012-07-11 2015-05-06 江苏牧羊集团有限公司 Dry-method single-screw bulking machine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103156267B (en) Bulking machine
CN103857295B (en) The method of the beans microparticle of preparation extrusion
CN103271218A (en) Texturized vegetable protein production method
CN101889627B (en) Method for producing instant mock meat by using isolated soy protein
CN101692928B (en) Processing device suitable for extrusion of foods and feeds
CN201426360Y (en) Extrusion processing device for bypass ripening
CN204861020U (en) Popped device of full fat soybean
CN101692927B (en) Puffing processing device of bypass curing and puffing processing method thereof
CN107280016B (en) The method for producing wire-drawing protein using the compound plant protein containing peanut, soybean
CN201426359Y (en) Processing device applicable to food and feed extrusion
MXPA03007761A (en) Method and installation for the continuous preparation of pellets for the production of snack-type food products.
CN102440269B (en) Automated cooked linear food production apparatus
CN104381856B (en) A kind of method that pasta is prepared as raw material using gardenia powder and brown rice
CN100462014C (en) Method and apparatus for manufacturing noodles for cold noodle dish through extrusion
CN102987446A (en) Microwave processed egg product and preparation method thereof
CN104957607A (en) Wet recombination method of vegetable protein
Riaz Food extruders
CN101664658B (en) Equipment and method for producing high curing extruded products
KR101652939B1 (en) Manufacturing apparatus for forming rice using dual noodle
US20200138055A1 (en) Processing of a press cake and / or powder of oil-containing seeds
CN105104707A (en) Processing apparatus and method of high-moisture textured soy protein
CN109123739B (en) Soybean puffing device and soybean puffing process
CN206303185U (en) A kind of twin-screw Bulking Machine for being applicable low starch fodder formula
CN208581825U (en) A kind of puffed degree enhancing system
CN205455849U (en) A granulator for making compound rice

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20121026

Address after: 225127 No. 1 shepherd Road, Hanjiang Economic Development Zone, Jiangsu, Yangzhou

Patentee after: Muyang Co., Ltd.

Address before: 225127 No. 1 shepherd Road, Yangzhou, Jiangsu (Hanjiang Industrial Park)

Patentee before: Jiangsu Muyang Group Corp., Ltd.

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: MUYANG CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: JIANGSU MUYANG GROUP CORP., LTD.

Effective date: 20121026

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20100324

Effective date of abandoning: 20090630