CN201421864Y - Plasma storage battery restoring device - Google Patents

Plasma storage battery restoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201421864Y
CN201421864Y CN2009201485269U CN200920148526U CN201421864Y CN 201421864 Y CN201421864 Y CN 201421864Y CN 2009201485269 U CN2009201485269 U CN 2009201485269U CN 200920148526 U CN200920148526 U CN 200920148526U CN 201421864 Y CN201421864 Y CN 201421864Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
storage battery
battery
restoring
transformer
charge
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009201485269U
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Chinese (zh)
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吴栋
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吴栋
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The utility model relates to a plasma storage battery restoring device, which is used for restoring and charging a lead acid storage battery. The plasma storage battery restoring device is characterized in that a middle-voltage charging circuit and a low-voltage charging circuit are respectively formed between a secondary winding of a transformer and the storage battery, and transient pulse discharging circuits formed among two series windings of the transformer secondary and the storage battery can restore and charge the storage battery which is damaged and unusable due to long placing time or boosting time. By employing the middle voltage and the low voltage to automatically charge the battery with increased battery internal resistance, the restoring device can be used safely and reliably; by adopting unique plasma absorption, active substance can be automatically absorbed and returned, thereby the storing device overcomes the shortcomings of poor restoring effect, short maintainingtime, incapability of adjusting the proportion of alpha-pb02 and belta-pb02 and the like in traditional pulse restoring.

Description

The plasma battery repair instrument
Technical field
The utility model relates to the recovery technique field of storage battery, more specifically, relates to a kind of plasma battery repair instrument.
Background technology
Battery is from the history in existing more than 100 year so far that is born, and along with development in science and technology, the kind of battery is various day by day, and its technology content is also in continuous increase.China is the big country of a battery production and consumption, and an annual requirement reaches 15,000,000,000, accounts for world's total amount more than 1/3, and its scope of application relates to finance, telecommunications, postal service, the tax, industry and commerce, traffic, government affairs and other numerous industries.Demand is extensive, and consumption is huge.
As everyone knows, many advantages such as lead acid accumulator is cheap with it, technology is easy, dependable performance and adaptability are strong have become one of present most popular chemical cell.The annual lead acid accumulator output of China is up to 3,000 ten thousand kwh, sales volume is up to 8,000,000,000 yuan, year learies is greater than 5,000 ten thousand, and annual growth reaches 30%, in all trades and professions widespread usage such as telecommunications, finance, UPS, IT, communication, broadcasting and TV, electric power, automobile, railway, solar energy, wind energies.But simultaneously because the sulfation of lead acid accumulator in discharge process, caused self to shorten, be 8-10 designed life in useful life, but its actual life 1-2 only.China has 5000 batteries to enter to scrap ranks every year.Not only expend a large amount of resources costs, especially biological environment has been constituted serious threat simultaneously.
Studies have shown that, if battery operation and maintenance in actual use be not good at, for example: frequent undercharge, reasons such as untimely charging, long-term overdischarge, deep discharge, the charging difficulty will appear within one or two years usually, phenomenons such as capacity reduction, and premature failure is scrapped.According to the authoritative department statistics, only the domestic various batteries of scrapping in 2003 are up to more than 10,000,000,000, and general small and medium-sized cities promptly reach more than tens thousand of, and it is millions of that large-and-medium size cities then reach hundreds of thousands.Scrapping too early of battery not only wastes energy but also serious environment pollution.
No. 1 battery of one joint is mashed to make 1 square metre soil forever lose value in the ground, and a button cell can make 600 tons of water contaminated, is equivalent to people amount of drinking water throughout one's life.The harm of waste lead acid battery environmental pollution is big, and indicate at the A1160 place in international convention Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal annex " Basel Convention is had jurisdiction over refuse register A ": " lead-acid accumulator, complete or broken ".Pay close attention to today of environmental issue in the whole world, the pollution that old and useless battery brought is outstanding day by day, and in battery pollution, lead acid accumulator is particularly evident.With 2003 be example, nearly 100,000,000 of the domestic lead-acid battery of scrapping, general small and medium-sized cities promptly reach more than tens thousand of, large-and-medium size cities then reach hundreds of thousands and even millions of.Scrapping not only too early of lead acid accumulator wastes energy, and serious environment pollution, and national regulation various places old and useless battery must not be transported outward, voluntarily digestion process.Therefore, the recycling of the operational maintenance of lead acid accumulator and maintenance, old and useless battery has become the focus of attention in the industry.
On October 9th, 2003, State Environmental Protection Administration and national development and the reform committee, the Ministry of Construction, the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Commerce unite issued " refuse battery pollution prevention technique policy ", and this technical policy is since the date of issuance implemented as directive document.In this document the 8th chapter " lead-acid accumulator prevention and cure of pollution ", should how to handle and prevent to pollute for the lead acid accumulator of scrapping has had clear and definite elaboration, mention at the 6.14th: " scientific and technical research of refuse battery resource regeneration is carried out in encouragement; exploiting economy, refuse battery resource regeneration technology efficiently, improves the resource regeneration rate of refuse battery ".
Sealed lead acid storage battery deposit or use in, have self discharge or use discharge, when the 12V battery is discharged into 10.5V/1CA or 10V/1CA, must in time charge, otherwise will cause overdischarge and damage storage battery storage battery.In addition, place or floating charge work not charge or discharge of regular period as static state, storage battery may can not fill electricity more greatly because of internal resistance to be damaged and scraps.This is because lead acid accumulator generally adopts lead-calcium alloy slab lattice, in deep discharge or long-term floating charge not in the discharge process, sulfation takes place in its grid interface that contacts with active material, at the very big resistance of interface generation, be that accumulator internal resistance increases, at this moment common charger can fill.At present, to because of the sealed lead acid storage battery of placing or the floating charge overlong time is damaged, have only and do to scrap processing.Phase in " electronics newspaper " 23 days the 25th June in 1996 3 editions " talking the restorative procedure of used and scrapped battery " is introduced the circuit of using as shown in Figure 1 and carries out high-voltage charge, exist weak point: first, storage battery and 220V alternating current link by the direct step-down of electric capacity, and it is dangerous to charge; The second, can only the storage battery of a constant volume be charged, no additives for overcharge protection, charging current is little, the charging interval is oversize, as the 6V3AH charge in batteries time be 30~35 hours.Bad as charging current control, will cause quick-fried sound, cause the internal storage battery open circuit and thoroughly damage.
Therefore, need a kind of equipment of can be safely, efficiently storage battery being repaired that provides badly.
The utility model content
In view of this, main purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of plasma battery repair instrument, can be to because of placing or the floating charge overlong time has been damaged the storage battery that can't use and repaired and charge.
According to the utility model, a kind of plasma battery repair instrument is provided, this instrument for repairing is mainly by being electrically connected to form mutually between power circuit, middle pressure charge circuit, low pressure charge circuit and the momentary pulse discharge loop; Wherein the 220V city is electrically connected the charge power supply that transformer T constitutes this instrument for repairing;
Two rectifier charging circuit, reverse protection diode D1b and current-limiting protection resistance R 1a that connect and be linked in sequence and be made up of D1a, C1a between winding and the storage battery B of T level of transformer press charge circuit in the formation;
Additives for overcharge protection circuit and the reverse protection diode D3c that the rectifier charging circuit, controllable silicon field effect transistor M, resistance R 3a, the diode D3b that are made up of D3a, C3a form that be linked in sequence between transformer T secondary winding and the storage battery B constitutes the low pressure charge circuit;
Two voltage stabilizing didoe D2a and capacitor C 2a of being linked in sequence between winding and the storage battery B that connect of T level of transformer, the momentary pulse discharge loop of formation.
Pressing in above-mentioned is 28~36V, and low pressure is 17~20V.
Plasma battery repair instrument of the present utility model is pressed charge circuit and low pressure charge circuit in constituting respectively between transformer secondary output winding and storage battery; And between two of transformer secondary outputs series connection winding and storage battery, constitute the momentary pulse discharge loop, can be to because of placing or the floating charge overlong time has been damaged the storage battery that can't use and repaired and charge.
Because in adopting, two groups of voltages of low pressure charge automatically to the storage battery that the internal resistance of cell increases, and are safe and reliable, and overcome and traditional utilize the pulse repairing effect poor, short, as can not to regulate α-pbO2 and the β-pbO2 weakness such as ratio of holding time.
Other advantages of the present utility model, target, to set forth in the following description to a certain extent with feature, and to a certain extent, based on being conspicuous to those skilled in the art, perhaps can from practice of the present utility model, obtain instruction to investigating hereinafter.
Description of drawings
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the theory structure schematic diagram of prior art " lead acid accumulator ".
Fig. 2 is circuit theory diagrams of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.It should be noted that execution mode according to plasma battery repair instrument of the present utility model as just example, but the utility model is not limited to this embodiment.
Referring to Fig. 1, lead acid accumulator be by housing 2., dividing plate 3., pole plate 4., grid 5., electrolyte (sulfuric acid) 1. constitutes with different closing form.
Storage battery produces following reaction: pbO when charging and discharge 2+ pb+2H 2SO 4==2pbSO 4+ 2H 2O under the effect of electric energy, is converted into pbO when charging 2And H 2SO 4That is to say that charging is the process that is converted into chemical energy by electric energy.During discharge, positive plate has been accepted the electronics that negative plate is sent here, and lead ion becomes positive divalent by positive 4 valencys.Contact the lead sulfate that generation is insoluble in water with sulfate radical, the lead of negative pole equally also generates lead sulfate because 2 electronics of output become positive divalent.When that is to say discharge, transfer electric energy to by the chemical energy of storing again.
The main component of positive plate active material is a brown lead oxide, has stronger oxidizability, during discharge, with the sulfuric acid generation lead sulfate that reacts, and absorbs electronics.Brown lead oxide has two types of lattices, says to be exactly two kinds of brown lead oxide simply, and a kind of is α-pbO 2Another kind is β-pbO 2The difference of two kinds of brown lead oxide is very big, and their roles are also inequality.β-pbO 2The capacity that provides is α-pbO 21.5~3 times, and α-pbO 2Have mechanical strength preferably, its existence, the unsuitable softening and shedding of positive plate active material has only α-pbO 2And β-pbO 2Ratio reach at 1: 1.25 o'clock, lead accumulator just can show good performance.
Positive active material is under discharge condition, and reacting with sulfuric acid in the electrolyte generates lead sulfate and water, and its reaction equation is as follows: pbO 2+ 3H ++ HSO 4 -+ 2e==pbSO 4+ 2H 2O during charging, is converted into pbO under the effect of circuit outside 2With H 2SO 4, during discharge, the pb of brown lead oxide 4+Having accepted electronics that negative pole sends here forms pb+2 and combines generation pbSO with sulfate ion in the solution 4When lead sulfate reaches a certain amount of, become sediment attached on the pole plate.The electronics of the lead ion during charging in the lead sulfate is taken away by outer circuit and is converted into brown lead oxide.Hydrogen ion in the water is stayed in the solution, and oxonium ion combines the generation brown lead oxide and enters lattice with lead ion, form positive active material.
In lead acid accumulator, for and electrolyte abundant for positive and negative pole active matter react,, be called lead sponge again so lead is made porous spongy, when discharge, lead provides outer circuit electronics and forms pb + 2Combine the generation lead sulfate with the sulfate radical of solution, pbSO during charging 4At first be dissolved into pb 2+With SO 4, Pb + 2Accept electronics and carry out cathodic reduction generation lead, enter the negative electrode active material lattice.
Along with the effect number of times increase of storage battery, discharge capacity is constantly dwindled, owing to people differ to the instructions for use of battery, so the standard of scrapping is also inequality.In general, normally use battery, capacity is lower than rated capacity 60%, is waste battery.Need to safeguard or maintenance that owing to creating conditions of battery, occupation mode has difference, the reason that finally causes battery to be scrapped also has nothing in common with each other.
1, irreversible sulfation, mainly forming reason is reasons such as battery lack of water, long-term undercharge, heavy-current discharge, long-term storage.
2, α-pbO 2And β-pbO 2Out of proportion, the big β-pbO of Capacity Ratio 2Be converted to α-pbO 2, mainly forming reason is reasons such as battery sulfuration, heavy-current discharge, natural aging, longer-term storage.
3, lead powder comes off, and main cause is that product manufacture is poor, α-pbO 2And β-pbO 2Out of proportion, heavy-current discharge, reasons such as longer-term storage.
4, the disconnected utmost point, disconnected lattice, outside vibration, long-term storage, reasons such as battery manufacturing process difference.
Wherein because of irreversible sulfation, α-pbO 2And β-pbO 2Out of proportion, account for battery and scrap more than 90% of total amount, so storage battery can be multiple with repairing machine maintenance more than 90%.After can repairing, repairs again by 10% storage battery.
Fig. 2 shows the circuit theory diagrams of the utility model plasma battery repair instrument.Referring to Fig. 2, at the out-primary of transformer T input 220V municipal administration alternating current, thus can be in secondary winding output U1, the U2 of transformer T, two groups of alternating voltages of low pressure.
Positive half cycle at alternating current, press U1 among 28~36V of two series connection of T level of transformer winding terminal, with the rectifier charging circuit of forming by diode D1a, capacitor C 1a, the diode D1b that is used for reverse protection, the semistor R1a that is used for current-limiting protection, and press charge circuit in the common formation of storage battery B; 17~20V low pressure U2 of transformer T secondary winding end; with the rectifier charging circuit of forming by diode D3a, capacitor C 3a; the additives for overcharge protection circuit of forming by controllable silicon field effect transistor M, R3a, D3b; the diode D3c that is used for reverse protection, and storage battery B constitutes the low pressure charge circuit jointly.
At the negative half period of alternating current, press U1 among 28~36V of two series connection of T level of transformer winding terminal, with voltage stabilizing didoe D2a, capacitor C 2a and storage battery B constitute storage battery carries out the momentary pulse discharge at the alternating current negative half period loop jointly.
The charging initial stage, because the internal resistance of storage battery to be repaired is bigger, mainly export the pulsing medium direct voltage at the positive half cycle of alternating current by diode D1a, capacitor C 1a rectification charging, carry out current limliting by semistor R1a, thereby storage battery is carried out current-limiting charge by middle pressure U1.At this moment the storage battery two ends have the voltage charging of 15-60v approximately, should be noted that R1a is the thermistor of positive temperature coefficient, and pressing the charging current of U1 in the major control is 40-180mA, and resistance R 1b, diode D1c are the work indications after R1a plays current-limiting protection; At the alternating current negative half period; when | U1|>U D2a-U B; voltage stabilizing didoe D2a reverse breakdown; by capacitor C 2a storage battery is carried out the momentary pulse discharge; can accelerate to eliminate the sulfation of battery grid like this; impel accumulator internal resistance to reduce rapidly; reach reparation to storage battery; general process can make the storage batteries both end voltage return to about 14V in 1-5 hour; this moment, low pressure U2 was by diode D3a; capacitor C 3a rectification charging is through controllable silicon field effect transistor M; diode D3c begins to charge a battery; and continue storage battery is repaired; until returning to 12V left and right sides voltage; at this moment charging current can reach about 0.5-1A; mainly charge normal by low pressure U2; controllable silicon field effect transistor M; resistance R 3a; diode D3b forms the overvoltage charge protection; when the storage battery both end voltage is charged to the 13.8V left and right sides; the conducting of diode D3b reverse breakdown; controllable silicon field effect transistor M ends; have only 40mA left and right sides protective current and resistance R 3b by current-limiting resistance R1a; the electric current that diode D3d forms low pressure winding charging indication carries out trickle charge; prevent the charging of storage battery overvoltage, diode D1b; D3c is respectively to capacitor C 1a and controllable silicon field effect transistor M between the alternating current negative half-cycle; diode D3b; capacitor C 3a shields.In entire work process, at the alternating current negative half period | during U1|>U D2a-U B, all storage battery is carried out the momentary pulse discharge,, reduce accumulator internal resistance to accelerate to eliminate the sulfation of battery grid.
The sealed lead acid storage battery that the utility model proposes is repaired in the charger employing, two groups of voltages of low pressure charge automatically to the storage battery that the internal resistance of cell increases, safe and reliable, storage battery to 6.5~100AH/12V capacity all can charge, and can shorten significantly and repair the charging interval.In actual use, can be uncharged with depositing 1-3, the sealed lead acid storage battery that voltage drops to nearly 0V, can't charge with commonsense method returns to the normal battery capacity of the using same period, and internal resistance is reduced to the level of equal capacity new accumulator.
According to plasma battery repair instrument of the present utility model, overcome and traditional utilize the pulse repairing effect poor, short, as can not to regulate α-pbO2 (α brown lead oxide) and β-pbO2 (beta lead dioxide) weakness such as ratio of holding time.
Following table has been listed the performance comparison that the plasma battery repair instrument is compared with other pulse apparatus for repairing.
Type/function contrast Remove the sulfuration rate ??α-pbO 2And β-pbO 2Regulate Active material absorption
Sensitizing pulse is repaired machine ??60%-70% Do not have Do not have
Positive negative pulse stuffing is repaired machine ??60%-80% Do not have Do not have
Humorous pulse apparatus for repairing shakes ??65%-85% Do not have Do not have
Intermittent pulse is repaired machine ??55%-85% Do not have Do not have
The low-and high-frequency pulse apparatus for repairing ??60%-85% Do not have Do not have
Machine is repaired in the microcomputer numerical control ??80%-88% Do not have Do not have
The plasma instrument for repairing ??97%-99% Intelligence is regulated 1: 1.25 Ionic adsorption
The utility model sends plasma from motion tracking, to the emission beam-plasma of battery pole plates and sulfidic material intelligence, detects the internal resistance of every battery simultaneously automatically, the sulphate crystal granular size, crystallization degree is eliminated sulfuration and crystallization, and impels large-scale crystalline particle dissolving.
The utility model is regulated α-pbO automatically 2And β-pbO 2Ratio reach 1: 1.25.The difference of two kinds of brown lead oxide is very big, and their roles are also inequality.β-pbO 2The capacity that provides is α-pbO 21.5~3 times, and α-pbO 2Have mechanical strength preferably, its existence, the unsuitable softening and shedding of positive plate active material has only α-pbO 2And β-pbO 2Ratio reach at 1: 1.25 o'clock, storage battery just can show good performance.
The utility model adopts exclusive plasma absorption, allows the active material that breaks away from recover automatically.Repair the later stage, send plasma electric automatically, the disengaging active material is electronegative, the positive plate positively charged, and different electricity is inhaled mutually, and active material adsorbs playback automatically.And distribute the plasma quantity of each polyphone storage battery automatically according to detecting data, allow each storage battery recover as new.
Plasma battery repair instrument of the present utility model can be realized harmless the reparation, and repair rate reaches more than 95%.And can control automatically, repair, charge, safeguard and finish automatically.Can repair plurality of groups of storage batteries simultaneously respectively, as 4 groups, 14 groups, 36 groups, 40 groups, 70 groups, 100 groups etc.The repairing effect of these ion accumulator instrument for repairing is lasting, and repairing the back effect is 95% of the primary cell life-span.The above is a preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not limited to the utility model, and obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and modification and not break away from spirit and scope of the present utility model the utility model.Like this, if of the present utility model these are revised and modification belongs within the scope of the utility model claim and equivalent technologies thereof, then the utility model also is intended to comprise these changes and modification interior.

Claims (2)

1. plasma battery repair instrument, it is characterized in that: this instrument for repairing is mainly by being electrically connected to form mutually between power circuit, middle pressure charge circuit, low pressure charge circuit and the momentary pulse discharge loop; Wherein
The 220V city is electrically connected the charge power supply that transformer T constitutes this instrument for repairing;
Two rectifier charging circuit, reverse protection diode D1b and current-limiting protection resistance R 1a that connect and be linked in sequence and be made up of D1a, C1a between winding and the storage battery B of T level of transformer press charge circuit in the formation;
Additives for overcharge protection circuit and the reverse protection diode D3c that the rectifier charging circuit, controllable silicon field effect transistor M, resistance R 3a, the diode D3b that are made up of D3a, C3a form that be linked in sequence between transformer T secondary winding and the storage battery B constitutes the low pressure charge circuit;
Two voltage stabilizing didoe D2a and capacitor C 2a of being linked in sequence between winding and the storage battery B that connect of T level of transformer, the momentary pulse discharge loop of formation.
2, plasma battery repair instrument according to claim 1 is characterized in that: pressing in described is 28~36V, and low pressure is 17~20V.
CN2009201485269U 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 Plasma storage battery restoring device Expired - Fee Related CN201421864Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106025400A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-12 深圳美能动力科技有限公司 Charging-discharging instrument for repairing lead storage battery and repairing charging method for lead storage battery
CN106410294A (en) * 2016-06-14 2017-02-15 深圳美能动力科技有限公司 Repair charge-discharge instrument for lead storage battery and repair charging method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106025400A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-12 深圳美能动力科技有限公司 Charging-discharging instrument for repairing lead storage battery and repairing charging method for lead storage battery
CN106410294A (en) * 2016-06-14 2017-02-15 深圳美能动力科技有限公司 Repair charge-discharge instrument for lead storage battery and repair charging method

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Granted publication date: 20100310

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