CN201420071Y - Solid state fermentation device - Google Patents

Solid state fermentation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201420071Y
CN201420071Y CN 200920107689 CN200920107689U CN201420071Y CN 201420071 Y CN201420071 Y CN 201420071Y CN 200920107689 CN200920107689 CN 200920107689 CN 200920107689 U CN200920107689 U CN 200920107689U CN 201420071 Y CN201420071 Y CN 201420071Y
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valve
fermentation
solid state
solid
grate
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CN 200920107689
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Chinese (zh)
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宋家林
李荣杰
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安徽丰原发酵技术工程研究有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/16Solid state fermenters, e.g. for koji production
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/02Form or structure of the vessel
    • C12M23/04Flat or tray type, drawers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/06Nozzles; Sprayers; Spargers; Diffusers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/26Conditioning fluids entering or exiting the reaction vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M47/00Means for after-treatment of the produced biomass or of the fermentation or metabolic products, e.g. storage of biomass
    • C12M47/18Gas cleaning, e.g. scrubbers; Separation of different gases

Abstract

The utility model provides a solid state fermentation device, which comprises a solid state fermentation tank, wherein the solid state fermentation tank mainly comprises the following components, namely, a hollow telescopic shaft in the middle of the tank body, at least two layers of grid plates fixed in the tank body through the air to bear the fermentation materials, scrapers arranged above eachlayer of grid plates, and nozzles arranged above each layer of grid plates. Various layers of grid plates as well as scrappers are arranged in the fermentation tank to realize the optimum blending ofthe fermentation materials, which is favorable for fermentation rate improvement; through controlling the thickness of the fermentation material layer and utilizing air cleaner for ventilation, the fermentation strain can breath in the atmosphere freely, thereby realizing the aerobic static culture, and reducing the investment and energy consumption, which can be applied to large-scale industrialized production.

Description

一种固态发酵装置 A solid-state fermentation device

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种生物发酵装置,特别涉及一种固态发酵装置。 The present invention relates to a fermentation apparatus, and particularly relates to a solid state fermentation device.

背景技术 Background technique

现有固态好氧发酵装置要么釆用搅拌翻动的办法使物料与空气 Conventional solid-state fermentation or aerobic stirred flip way preclude the use of the material and the air

接触供氧和散热,不能满足某些只能静置培养的好氧发酵;要么采用压缩空气供氧散热,能耗高、投资偏大;要么采用人工或半机械化所谓的浅盘培养,不安全,染菌机率大,劳动生产率低,不适应大规模工业生产。 Contacting oxygen and heat, not only to meet certain static culture aerobic fermentation; using compressed air or oxygen heat, high energy consumption, relatively large investment; either manually or using a so-called semi-mechanized cultivation trays, unsafe , the probability of contamination large, low labor productivity, not suited to large-scale industrial production.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型的目的是针对上述已有技术存在的缺陷与不足,提供一种能够用于静置好氧发酵、能耗低且效率高的固态发酵装置。 The object of the present invention for the presence of the above-described prior art deficiencies and inadequacies, to provide a stand for aerobic fermentation, low energy consumption and high efficiency of the solid state fermentation device. 为实现上述目的,本实用新型提供一种固态发酵装置,包括固态发酵罐, To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a solid state fermentation apparatus comprising a solid-state fermenter,

该固态发酵罐主要包括以下组件: The solid-state fermentation tank includes the following components:

罐体,在所述罐体内的中央固定有空心伸缩轴,所述空心伸缩轴套装在连接有电机的空心传动轴上,与空心传动轴间为间隙配合并通过硅酮橡胶进行密封;至少两层篦板,所述篦板为筛板结构,能够透过空气,具有活门,固定于罐体内,且与罐体之间无间隙,用于承载发酵物料,其层数取决于罐体高度和发酵物料的厚度;刮板,位于每层篦板上方,为平直叶桨式结构,固定于空心伸缩轴上,用于将发酵物料均匀分布到各层篦板上;和喷嘴,位于每层篦板上方,固定于空心伸縮轴上并与其空心通道相通,用于接种、蒸汽灭菌和调节湿度等。 Tank, in the center of the tank body is fixed to the telescopic hollow shaft, said hollow shaft telescopically fitted over the hollow shaft motor is connected with the hollow shaft with a gap between and sealed by a silicone rubber; at least two layer grate plate, the grate plates is a sieve structure, permeable to air, having a flap, fixed to the tank, and without a gap between the body and for carrying the fermentation materials, the number of layers depending on the height of the tank and the thickness of the fermented material; blade, located on each side of the grate plate, flat blade turbine structure is fixed to the hollow telescopic shaft for fermentation material evenly distributed layers grate plate; and a nozzle, located on each grate side plate is fixed to the hollow shaft and the telescopic hollow passage in communication therewith, for vaccination, steam sterilization and humidity regulation.

所述篦板的形状和尺寸与罐体横截面相同。 Shape and size of the grate plate body with the same cross-section.

所述篦板为孔径优选为0.04〜1.5mm的筛板结构,其孔径小于发酵 The pore diameter is preferably grate plate structure 0.04~1.5mm sieve of pore size less than Fermentation

4物料的最小颗粒粒径。 4 Minimum particle size material.

所述活门为篦板的圆缺,其大小优选为该层篦板面积的1/24〜1/8, The shutter is a plate grate of circle, the size of this layer is preferably 1 area of ​​the grate plate / 24~1 / 8,

发酵物料能够通过活门分布到下层篦板。 Fermented material can be distributed through the valve plate to the lower grate. 所述刮板的直径与篦板相同。 The same diameter as the blade grate plate.

所述喷嘴为带有喷头的空心管状结构,其喷头朝向篦板。 The nozzle is a hollow tubular structure with a head, which head toward the grate plate. 所述刮板和喷嘴与篦板之间的距离能够通过空心伸缩轴调整。 The distance between the blade and the nozzle and the hollow grate plate can be adjusted by a telescopic shaft. 所述固态发酵罐的上部装有进料阀门,其可以与混料器相连。 The solid state fermenter equipped with upper feed valve, which can be connected to the blender. 所述固态发酵罐的上部装有接种阀门,其通过空心伸缩轴与罐体相通。 The upper solid state fermenter was inoculated with a valve which communicates with the hollow body through a telescopic shaft.

所述固态发酵罐可以通过接种闽门与种子罐相连。 The solid-state fermentation tank may be connected by seeding with seed tank door Min. 所述固态发酵罐的上部装有蒸汽进汽闽门,其通过空心伸缩轴与罐体相通。 An upper portion of the solid state fermenter equipped with steam entering Min door which communicates with the hollow body through a telescopic shaft.

所述固态发酵罐的上部装有无菌水间门,其通过空心伸缩轴与罐体相通。 The upper solid state fermenter equipped with aseptic water of a door which communicates with the hollow body through a telescopic shaft.

所述固态发酵罐的上部通过排空阀门与过滤器连接。 An upper portion of the solid-state fermenter by venting valve connected with the filter. 所述固态发酵罐的下部通过进气阀门与空气净化调节器相通。 The lower solid state fermenter purifier regulator communicating via the inlet valve and air. 所述固态发酵罐的下部装有出料搅龙,其通过出料阀门通向受 The solid state fermenter equipped with a lower discharge auger by receiving the discharge valves to

所述固态发酵罐的下部设置有调整机构,用以调整水平。 The lower portion is provided with a solid-state fermenter adjusting means for adjusting the level.

利用上述固态发酵装置进行发酵的工艺流程如下:打开进料阀门,使待发酵的物料进入固态发酵罐,调整空心伸缩轴,使刮板和喷嘴与篦板之间的距离等于适宜的发酵物料的厚度,并开动空心伸缩轴旋转,待刮板将发酵物料均匀分布在各层篦板上时, Solid state fermentation using the fermentation process is as follows: the feed valve is opened, so that the material to be fermented into the solid-state fermenter, adjusted hollow telescopic shaft, the distance between the blade and the nozzle plate is equal to the grate of suitable fermentation material thickness, and start rotation of the hollow telescopic shaft, the blade to be evenly distributed when fermented material layers grate plate,

关闭进料阀门并停转空心伸缩轴; Close the valve and stop the feed hollow telescopic shaft;

调整排空闽门开度,打开蒸汽进汽阀门,通蒸汽消毒灭菌,灭菌完毕后关闭蒸汽进汽阀门,打开进气闽门和排空阀门,通风冷却固态 Min adjustment emptying door opening, the valve open steam entering, through steam sterilization, after sterilization is finished off steam entering the valve, opening the intake valve and emptying Min doors, ventilation and cooling solid

发酵罐及发酵物料;达到接种的温度条件后打开接种阀门,开动空心伸缩轴旋转,通过喷嘴将菌种均匀喷撒在待发酵的物料中,接种完成后,关闭接种阀门并停转空心伸缩轴,进行发酵,发酵过程中,可以开启无菌水阀门并开动空心伸缩轴旋转,通过喷嘴将无菌水喷撒于各层发酵物料中,以补充发酵过程所需水分; Fermenter and fermenting materials; inoculated reached temperature conditions after inoculation valve opening, a hollow actuating the telescopic shaft, strain through a nozzle uniformly sprayed in the material to be fermented, after completion of vaccination, vaccinated close the valve and stop the telescopic hollow shaft , fermentation, during fermentation, sterile water can open the valve and start the telescopic hollow shaft, sterile water sprayed through a nozzle in the layers of material in the fermentation, the fermentation process in order to replenish water;

待发酵完毕,调整空心伸缩轴,使刮板贴紧篦板,并开动空心伸缩轴,打开出料阀门和各层活门,同时开启出料搅龙,将固态发酵罐中的物料排入受槽。 To be fermented is completed, the telescopic adjustment of the hollow shaft, the blade close contact with the grate, and the telescopic hollow actuating shaft, the discharge valve is opened and the shutter layers, while opening the discharge auger, the solid material into the fermentor receiving groove.

本实用新型固态发酵装置通过在罐体内设置多层篦板和刮板结构控制料层厚度,实现发酵物料的最佳混配与均勾分布,有利于提高发酵产率;其排空阀门与过滤器相通,大大降低了染菌几率;通过控制发酵物料层的厚度和利用空气净化器通风供氧,让发酵菌种自由呼吸取氧,投资少,能耗低、运行成本低,从而实现了好氧静置培养且充分利用了发酵的空间,加上机械进出料等配置,最大限度提高了静置好氧发酵的效率,降低生产成本,能够应用于大规模工业化生产。 The present invention apparatus for controlling solid-state fermentation thickness of material provided by the multilayer structure of the grate and the blade plate in the tank, and are mixed to achieve the best distribution of the hook, help to improve fermentation yield fermented material; emptying valve and the filter communication device, greatly reducing the chance of contamination; fermentation by controlling the thickness of the layer of material and ventilation air purifier using oxygen, so that oxygen take fermentation breathe freely, less investment, low energy consumption, low operating costs, in order to achieve a good oxygen and stationary culture fermentation full use of the space, together with the mechanical configuration out of materials such as to maximize the efficiency of the aerobic fermentation of the left, lower production costs, can be applied to large-scale industrial production.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图l为本实用新型固态发酵装置实施例的结构示意图。 Figure l new solid-state fermentation schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.

图中:1、混料器;2、无菌水阀门;3、蒸汽进汽阀门;4、接种阀门;5、种子罐;6、过滤器;7、排空阀门;8、空心伸缩轴;9、篦板;10、刮板;11、喷嘴;12、罐体;13、出料搅龙;14、出料闽门;15、受槽;16、空气净化调节器;17、进气阀门;18、进料阀门;19、调整机构。 In FIG: 1, the blender; 2, sterilized water valve; 3, steam entering the valve; 4, inoculated valve; 5, seed tank; 6, filter; 7, emptying valve; 8, the telescopic hollow shaft; 9. a grate plate; 10, scraper; 11, a nozzle; 12, the tank; 13, discharge auger; 14, Min discharge door; 15, by the grooves; 16, air cleaner conditioner; 17, an intake valve; 18, the feed valve; 19, adjustment mechanism.

具体实施方式 detailed description

以下结合附图和实施例,对本实用新型的具体实施方式做进一步详细描述,但不用来限制本实用新型的范围。 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following embodiments, the present invention further specific embodiments described in detail, but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

本实用新型固态发酵装置一种实施方式的结构示意图如图l所示,其包括固态发酵罐,该固态发酵罐主要包括以下组件:罐体12,在罐体12内的中央固定有空心伸缩轴8,其上下两端通过轴承固定于罐体上下表面,空心伸缩轴8套装在位于罐体12上部的空心传动轴上,与空心传动轴间为间隙配合并通过硅酮橡胶进行密封,空心传动轴连接有电机; Structure of the present invention means a solid-state fermentation is a schematic view of an embodiment shown in FIG. L, the fermenter which comprises a solid, the solid-state fermenter comprising mainly the following components: the tank 12, the central body 12 is fixed within the hollow telescopic shaft 8, which is fixed to the upper and lower ends by bearing surfaces of the upper and lower body, the hollow telescopic shaft 8 is fitted over the upper portion of the hollow shaft body 12, and the gap between the hollow shaft with and sealed by silicone rubber hollow drive a motor connected to the shaft;

多层篦板9,篦板9可以透过空气,为筛板结构,孔径为0.04mm,孔径应小于发酵物料的颗粒粒径,可按其在0.04〜1.5mm范围内调整,其固定于罐体12内,形状和尺寸与罐体12横截面相同,与罐体12之间无间隙,用于承载发酵物料,其层数由罐体高度和发酵物料的厚度等决定,篦板9具有活门,活门为篦板的圆缺,其大小为该层篦板面积的1/8,可在l/24〜l/8范围内任意选择,用于将发酵物料分布到下层篦板,在每层蓖板对应的罐体12的一侧设置有活门开启闭合开关; The multilayer grate plate 9, an air permeable grate plate 9, is a sieve structure and pore size of 0.04mm, the aperture should be smaller than the particle size of the fermented material, which can be adjusted in the range 0.04~1.5mm, fixed to the tank the inner body 12, with the same shape and size cross-section of the tank 12, and no gap between the body 12 for carrying the fermentation materials, the number of layers is determined by the thickness and height of the fermentation tank materials, having a grate plate shutter 9 , the lack of a disk shutter grate plate, the size of this layer 1/8 grate plate area, may be arbitrarily selected in the range of l / 24~l / 8, for the fermentation materials distributed to the lower grate, in each grate side plate 12 corresponding to the can body provided with the shutter opening close the switch;

刮板IO,位于每层篦板9上方,为平直叶桨式结构,固定于空心伸缩轴8上,能够随空心伸缩轴8旋转,其长度与篦板9的直径相同,用于将发酵物料均匀分布到各层篦板9上; The IO blade, each grate plate 9 positioned above, is straight blade turbine type structure, fixed to the telescopic hollow shaft 8, can be hollow with a telescopic rotating shaft 8, the same length and diameter of grate plate 9 for fermentation homogeneous distribution of material on the grate plate 9 layers;

喷嘴ll,位于每层篦板9上方,为带有喷头的空心管状结构,与空心伸缩轴8中的空心通道相通,其喷头朝向篦板9,固定于空心伸缩轴8上,能够随空心伸缩轴8旋转,用于接种、蒸汽灭菌和调节湿度等。 Nozzle ll, each grate plate 9 positioned above, a hollow tubular structure with a nozzle, in communication with the hollow channel of the hollow telescopic shaft 8, the head towards the grate plate 9 which is fixed to the telescopic hollow shaft 8, can be hollow with a telescopic the shaft 8 is rotated, for vaccination, steam sterilization and humidity regulation.

固态发酵罐的上部装有进料阀门18、排空闽门7以及与空心伸缩轴8相通的无菌水阀门2、蒸汽进汽阀门3和接种闽门4,并通过进料阀门18与混料器1相连,通过接种阀门4与种子罐5相连,从而实现机械进料和接种;通过排空闽门17与过滤器6相连,从而防止外界空气进入造成污染。 Solid state fermenter equipped with upper feed valve 18, the emptying door 7 Min sterile water valve and in communication with the hollow of the telescopic shaft 8 2, 3 and the steam entering the valve door 4 Min inoculation, through feed valve 18 and mixed with feeder 1 is connected, is connected to the tank 5 by seed inoculation valve 4, thereby achieving the mechanical inoculation and feed; Min evacuation door 17 are connected by the filter 6, thereby preventing outside air entering pollution. 固态发酵罐的底部装有进气阀门17,并通过进气阀门17与空气净化调节器16相连,用于在发酵过程中通风供氧。 The bottom of the solid state fermenter equipped with an intake valve 17, and is connected through an intake valve 17 and the air cleaner conditioner 16 for venting oxygen during fermentation. 固态发酵罐的底部装有出料搅龙13,并通过出料阀门14通向受槽15,从而实现机械出料。 Solid state fermenter equipped with a bottom discharge auger 13 through the discharge valve 14 and leads 15 by the grooves, thereby achieving a mechanical discharge.

固态发酵罐的底部还设置有调整机构19,以将之平稳地安放在生产场地处。 The bottom of the solid state fermenter is also provided with an adjustment mechanism 19, to the production site smoothly placed at. 以下以粉碎玉米芯为主要原料,利用上述固态发酵装置发酵生产纤维素酶,进一步说明利用本实用新型固态发酵装置进行固态发酵的 The following pulverized corncob as raw materials, solid state fermentation using the fermentation production of cellulase means, solid state fermentation to further illustrate the present invention using the solid state fermentation device

方法: method:

(1) 调整空心伸缩轴8,使刮板10和篦板9之间的垂直距离为料层厚度;再将粉碎玉米芯(待发酵物料)从混料器l的上部加入进行混合,充分混合均匀后打开进料阀门18,使待发酵物料进入固态发酵罐12中;然后通过活门开启闭合开关依次开启各层活门,开动空心伸缩轴8旋转,刮板10随之旋转,先将物料均匀布在最上层篦板上,随着物料的不断进入刮板10将多余的物料通过篦板的活门均匀分布布到下层篦板,依次类推布满所有篦板;通过视镜观察待物料均匀分布到最下层篦板,关闭上一层活门,依次类推待物料均匀分布在各层篦板上时,关闭进料阀门18和顶层活门,待顶层篦板物料分布均匀时停转空心伸缩轴8; (1) adjusting the telescopic hollow shaft 8, the blade plate 10 and the grate 9 the vertical distance between the material thickness; then pulverized corncob (material to be fermented) were mixed from the upper portion of the blender was added l, mixed uniformly feed valve 18 is opened, so that the material to be fermented into the solid state fermentation tank 12; followed by closing the switch shutter opening shutter layers are sequentially turned on, starting the telescopic hollow shaft 8 is rotated, the blade 10 for rotation therewith, the first material distribution uniformity uppermost grate plate, with the blade 10 into the material of the continuous material by the excess of the shutter grate to the lower grate evenly Bubu plate, covered and so all the grate; observation by the endoscope to be uniformly distributed to the material when the lowermost grate, a layer of closed shutter, and so forth to be evenly distributed in the material layers grate plate, the feed valve 18 and close the top flap, top grate plate material to be distributed uniformly stopped when the telescopic hollow shaft 8;

(2) 调整排空阀门7的开度,打开蒸汽进汽阀门3,调整出料阀门14的开度约1分钟左右以便排出冷空气后,关闭出料闽门14,通蒸汽消毒灭菌,12rC灭菌l小时后,关闭蒸汽进汽阀门3,打开进气阀门17和排空阀门7,通风冷却固态发酵罐及发酵物料; (2) adjusting the valve opening 7 is evacuated, the valve 3 is opened steam entering, adjusting the discharge valve opening 14 minutes to about 1 after discharging the cold air, to close the discharge gate 14 Min, through steam sterilization, after l hour 12rC sterilization, steam entering the valve 3 closed, inlet valve 17 is opened and the emptying valve 7, air cooling and fermentation fermenter solid materials;

(3) 待发酵罐内温度降至35t:时,打开接种阀门4,开动空心伸缩轴8旋转,通过喷嘴ll将菌种均匀喷撒在待发酵的物料中,接种比例为11113待发酵物料/0.1〜0.51113种子液,接种完成后,关闭接种阀门4并停转空心伸缩轴8,进行发酵;在发酵过程中,每隔8〜24小时开启无菌水阀门2和空心伸缩轴8 —次,通过喷嘴ll将无菌水均匀喷洒在正在发酵的物料中进行湿度调节以利于菌种的生长; (3) the temperature was lowered until the fermentation tank 35t: when the valve 4 is opened inoculation, 8 start rotation of the hollow telescopic shaft, through a nozzle to ll uniformly sprayed material strain to be fermented, the proportion of inoculated material to be fermented 11113 / 0.1~0.51113 seed liquid after completion of vaccination, vaccination closing stop valve 4 and the telescopic hollow shaft 8, fermentation; during fermentation, sterile water, every 8~24 hours opening valves 2 and 8 telescopic hollow shaft - views, ll sterile water through a nozzle in the material being sprayed uniformly fermentation humidity adjusted to facilitate the growth of bacteria;

(4) 发酵10天后,调整空心伸缩轴8,使刮板10贴紧篦板9,然后开动空心伸缩轴8旋转,并开启活门、出料阀门14和出料搅龙13,将固态发酵罐中发酵完毕的物料排入受槽15。 (4) 10 days of fermentation, the telescopic adjustment of the hollow shaft 8, the blade 10 close contact with the grate 9, the telescopic hollow shaft 8 then start to rotate and open the valve, the discharge valve 14 and a discharge auger 13, the solid-state fermenter fermentation is completed by the material into the slot 15.

从发酵完毕的物料中用低温干燥的方法烘干,可得185Iu/g的干纤 Low-temperature drying material from the fermentation is completed by drying methods, can be obtained 185Iu / g dry fiber

8维素酶2.8m3 (U5呻),每吨干酶耗电量小于150KW-h。 8 cellulase 2.8m3 (U5 groan), less than the power consumption per ton of dry enzyme 150KW-h.

当然,本实用新型还可有其它实施例,在不违背本实用新型精神及其实质的情况下,熟悉本领域的技术人员可根据本实用新型做出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本实用新型的权利要求的保护范围。 Of course, the present invention is capable of other embodiments, without departing from the spirit and essence of the present invention, and those skilled in the art according to the present invention can make various corresponding modifications and variations, these corresponding the modifications and variations should fall within the scope of the present invention as claimed in the claims.

9 9

Claims (10)

1、一种固态发酵装置,其特征在于,包括固态发酵罐,该固态发酵罐主要包括以下组件: 罐体,在所述罐体内的中央固定有空心伸缩轴,所述空心伸缩轴套装在连接有电机的空心传动轴上; 至少两层篦板,所述篦板为筛板结构,能够透过空气,具有活门,固定于罐体内,且与罐体之间无间隙; 刮板,位于每层篦板上方,为平直叶桨式结构,固定于空心伸缩轴上;和喷嘴,位于每层篦板上方,固定于空心伸缩轴上并与其空心通道相通。 A solid state fermentation apparatus wherein a solid comprising a fermentation tank, fermentation tank of the solid mainly comprising the following components: body, in the center of the tank body is fixed to the telescopic hollow shaft, said hollow retractable sleeve on the connector there hollow shaft motor; at least two grate plate, the grate plates is a sieve structure, permeable to air, having a flap, fixed to the tank body, and is no gap between the tank and; blade, located on each layer grate side plates, flat blade turbine structure is fixed to the hollow telescoping shaft; and a nozzle, located on each grate side plate is fixed to the hollow shaft and the telescopic hollow channel communicating therewith.
2、 如权利要求1所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述篦板为孔径为0.04〜1.5mm的筛板结构,其形状和尺寸与罐体横截面相同。 2, solid-state fermentation device as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the sieve grate plate structure 0.04~1.5mm pore diameter, the shape and dimensions of the same cross-section and the tank.
3、 如权利要求1所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述活门为篦板的圆缺,其大小为所述篦板面积的1/24〜1/8,发酵物料能够通过活门分布到下层篦板。 3, solid state fermentation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said shutter wanes as grate plate, the size of the area of ​​the grate 1 / 24~1 / 8, the material can be distributed by the fermentation of the shutter grate to the lower plate.
4、 如权利要求1所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述刮板的直径与篦板相同。 4, solid state fermentation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that, with the same diameter of the blade grate plate.
5、 如权利要求1所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述喷嘴为带有喷头的空心管状结构,其喷头朝向篦板。 5. The solid state fermentation device according to claim 1, wherein the hollow tubular structure with the nozzle head, which head toward the grate plate.
6、 如权利要求l所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述刮板和喷嘴与篦板之间的距离能够通过空心伸缩轴调整。 6, solid-state fermentation device according to claim l, characterized in that the distance between the blade and the nozzle and the hollow grate plate can be adjusted by telescopic shaft.
7、 如权利要求l所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述固态发酵罐的上部装有进料阀门和排空阀门,通过进料阀门与混料器相连, 通过排空阀门与过滤器相连。 7, the solid-state fermentation device as claimed in claim l, wherein an upper portion of the solid state fermenter equipped with a feed valve and emptying valve, with a valve connected via feed mixer, by evacuating valve and the filter connected device.
8、 如权利要求1所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述固态发酵罐的上部装有接种阀门、蒸汽进汽阀门和无菌水阀门,其通过空心伸缩轴与罐体相通,其中接种阀门与种子罐相连。 8, solid state fermentation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein an upper portion of the solid-state fermenter was inoculated with a valve, the steam valve and the steam inlet valve sterile water, which communicates through the hollow body and the telescopic shaft, wherein inoculated seed tank is connected to the valve.
9、 如权利要求1所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述固态发酵罐的下部装有进气阀门和出料阀门,通过进气阀门与空气净化调节器相通,通过出料阀门通向受槽。 9, solid-state fermentation device according to claim 1, wherein a lower portion of the solid state fermenter equipped with inlet valve and outlet valve, communicating through an intake valve and an air cleaner conditioner, pass through the discharge valve subject to the trough.
10、 如权利要求1〜9任一项所述的固态发酵装置,其特征在于,所述固态发酵罐的下部设置有调整机构。 10, solid state fermentation device as claimed in any one of claims 1~9, wherein, the lower portion is provided with a solid state fermenter adjustment mechanism.
CN 200920107689 2009-05-08 2009-05-08 Solid state fermentation device CN201420071Y (en)

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CN101978874A (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-02-23 中国轻工业武汉设计工程有限责任公司 Multi-layer soy sauce starter-making tower device
CN102776123A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-11-14 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Waste continuous solid fermenting reacting device and solid fermenting method
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CN103103066A (en) * 2013-02-02 2013-05-15 孙祯芳 Combined type solid fermenting device
CN103627622A (en) * 2012-08-23 2014-03-12 广西力源宝农林科技发展有限责任公司 Helical flipping and stirring shaft of helical fermentation flipping and stirring machine
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CN105349409A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-24 清华大学 Device for continuously producing biogas by means of solid-state fermentation
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101978874A (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-02-23 中国轻工业武汉设计工程有限责任公司 Multi-layer soy sauce starter-making tower device
CN104603257A (en) * 2012-06-06 2015-05-06 诺维信生物农业公司 Solid state bioreactor adapted for automation
CN102776123A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-11-14 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Waste continuous solid fermenting reacting device and solid fermenting method
CN102776123B (en) * 2012-07-13 2014-06-04 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Waste continuous solid fermenting reacting device and solid fermenting method
CN103627622A (en) * 2012-08-23 2014-03-12 广西力源宝农林科技发展有限责任公司 Helical flipping and stirring shaft of helical fermentation flipping and stirring machine
CN102839112A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-12-26 浙江森力机械科技有限公司 Vertical continuous fermentation tank set
TWI472612B (en) * 2012-12-12 2015-02-11
CN103103066A (en) * 2013-02-02 2013-05-15 孙祯芳 Combined type solid fermenting device
CN103103066B (en) * 2013-02-02 2014-09-03 孙祯芳 Combined type solid fermenting device
CN104697358A (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-06-10 北新集团建材股份有限公司 Vertical-type powder cooler
CN104697358B (en) * 2013-12-05 2018-04-20 北新集团建材股份有限公司 A kind of vertical powder cooler
CN104845877A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-19 南京工业大学 Solid state fermentation reactor and application thereof
CN104928169A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-23 南安市绿野沼气技术开发研究所 Simple methane fermenting device
CN105349409A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-24 清华大学 Device for continuously producing biogas by means of solid-state fermentation
CN105349409B (en) * 2015-11-25 2018-02-09 清华大学 A kind of device of continous way Produced by Solid-state Fermentation biogas
CN106381267A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 西安若翰生物饲料有限公司 Simple efficient solid fermentation device

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