CN201417037Y - Building integrated application system of solar energy heating, cooling, air conditioning and water heating - Google Patents

Building integrated application system of solar energy heating, cooling, air conditioning and water heating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201417037Y
CN201417037Y CN2009200050039U CN200920005003U CN201417037Y CN 201417037 Y CN201417037 Y CN 201417037Y CN 2009200050039 U CN2009200050039 U CN 2009200050039U CN 200920005003 U CN200920005003 U CN 200920005003U CN 201417037 Y CN201417037 Y CN 201417037Y
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heating
cooling
air
aperture
solar
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009200050039U
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赵贵
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赵贵
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

A building integrated application system of solar energy heating, cooling, air conditioning and water heating comprises a window type orifice plate solar energy air heat collector, a ceiling type solar energy heating box, an auxiliary heater, a controller, a flow mixer, pipelines, an indoor ventilation orifice and building facilities. The system sufficiently utilizes solar radiation energy, enables a building to have breathing function, provides fresh air to a house during reliable operation of heating in winter and cooling and air conditioning in summer, brings benefits to psychical and psychological health, realizes heating water with solar energy all the year round, really achieves integration of solar products and buildings, and opens a broad prospect of healthy development of solar energy businesses. Besides, the system has low cost, high efficiency, various functions, strong reproducibility, extensive popularized and applicable scope, scale energy producing and energy saving effects, and capability of realizing environmental pollution treatment and bringing remarkable social and economic benefits.

Description

Solar heating, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system
Affiliated technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of energy of solar radiation that utilizes and carries out the multi-functional application system of building and heating, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water, belongs to the solar energy utilization technique field.
Background technology
At present, major product in China solar energy market is a solar water heater, the main application is to have a bath to use hot water, technical merit is lower, product performance index is relatively poor, on the high side, reliability is relatively poor, low, the energy-saving effect of weak point, function singleness, cost performance was not significantly, the environmental improvement effect is also not obvious service life, belonged to elementary technical merit.In recent years, promote building floor low-temp radiating formula solar heating on some beginning experiment and demonstration ground, area of China, utilize water circulating pump the hot water that solar water heater produced to be pressed in the coil pipe of indoor floor, carry out heating by the low-temp radiating mode, this solar heating mode is except system complex, the construction trouble, outside the higher and generalization of cost is relatively poor, also because the thermal performance of collectors index is hanged down reasons such as being difficult to guarantee the heating effect, what is more important, system can't keep in repair, heating be indoor original state air and fresh air can not be provided for indoor occupant, unfavorable to physical and mental health, therefore, this heating system is not a kind of desirable best mode that is worthy to be popularized.
Summary of the invention
In order to reverse the present situation of single hot water function and dissatisfactory floor panel heating in existing heliotechnics, product and the application market, promote of the mainstream applications track development of solar energy cause to health, the inventor had once proposed two practicalities in 2008 new
Type product: 1, " a kind of individual layer undaform orifice-plate type panel solar air collector " (in patent please number 200820128047.6), (name of product: window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector), 2, " a kind of wall-body solar heat storage water tank of architecture-integral " (number of patent application 200820128045.7), (name of product: ceiling mounted solar energy heat-storage heating box), further proposed the utility model " solar heating, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system " on this basis.
Application system of the present utility model is to be become by the southern heating air intake aperture of rainwater pipe on window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector, ceiling mounted solar heating case, auxiliary heater, controller, heating control valve, cooling control valve, air draft control valve, the little blower fan of standby low noise, mixed flow device, pipeline, the building north and south facade and architecture indoor, middle heating and ventilation aperture, northern air draft aperture, middle cooling ventilation aperture, cooling air draft aperture, south mutual group.The south elevation that is installed in building of window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector architecture-integral, ceiling mounted solar heating case then architecture-integral be installed in ceiling position between balcony, the air outlet slit of heat collector docks with the air intlet of heating box, make baseplane angle 〉=90 degree of this two product, constitute the hot-air dynamical system of solar energy heating, heat transfer, heat exchange, heat accumulation and conveying heat.The southern heating air intake aperture at north wall top is connected by the short duct level between the hot-blast outlet of ceiling mounted solar heating case and balcony, constitutes the induction system that enters the indoor heating hot blast.The bottom of each layer of architecture indoor room East and West direction partition wall is provided with middle heating and ventilation aperture, the aperture is provided with the valve of switch regulatory function, bottom in the northern vertical plane wall of building is provided with northern air draft aperture, be provided with air filtration unit in the aperture, be communicated with the rainwater pipe of northern facade, form indoor heat accumulation, heating exhaust system with hot system and art end.The top of north wall also is provided with cooling air draft aperture, south between balcony, and this aperture is connected with cooling control valve, the little blower fan of standby low noise, mixed flow device, air draft control valve, south elevation rainwater pipe successively by pipeline, constitutes the air draft dynamical system of cooling-down air conditioner.
Because the heat-absorbing plate core in the window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector product has adopted a kind of individual layer undaform orifice flow formula absorber plate new technology, thereby the thermal-arrest heat transfer property of air collector and air flow property can be greatly improved, fundamentally guarantee the heat utilization function of this application system; Owing to adopted the spiral tube heat exchanger new technology in the ceiling mounted solar heating case, thereby make heat that heat collector produces under the situation of rationally regulating, reach effectively heat and store, carry and use, ultimate guarantee suitable heating temperature and the sufficient air freshness of architecture indoor; Utilize " chimney " effect of rainwater tubular type on two facades in building north and south dexterously, the winter heating of this system and cooling in summer air-conditioning usefulness are guaranteed reliably; The effective utilization that makes solar radiation energy is near perfect condition.
The characteristics of this application system are: 1, solar heating, cooling and hot water are multi-functional; 2, allow building have respiratory function with solar energy, the indoor fresh air that provides is provided; 3, the effective outdoor contaminated air of purification treatment; 4, heating and cooling-down air conditioner stable and reliable operation, the system effectiveness height; 5, thoroughly solved the technical bottleneck of solar product and architecture-integral design and installation; 6, this application system totle drilling cost is low, saves construction material and operating expenses, and good economy performance is the multifunctional application system that a kind of worth large tracts of land is promoted; 7, extensive production capacity is energy-conservation significantly, effective control atmosphere pollution, and social benefit is good; 8, product and application system all have very strong reproducibility, can be applied to many heat utilizations field widely.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified know-why and technical scheme.
Fig. 1 is a kind of typical house type plane of urban cells residential housing.
Fig. 2 is the building generalized section of building gravity-flow ventilation before this system installs.
Fig. 3 is the mounting arrangements schematic diagram of window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector product at the building south elevation.
Fig. 4 is window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector and the mounting arrangements schematic diagram of ceiling mounted solar space heating facility between balcony.
Fig. 5 is a heating operation operating mode schematic diagram in fresh air heating, cooling-down air conditioner and the hot water multifunctional application system of solar energy type of respiration building.
Fig. 6 is a cooling-down air conditioner operating condition schematic diagram in fresh air heating, cooling-down air conditioner and the hot water multifunctional application system of solar energy type of respiration building.
Fig. 7 is a hot-water supply operating condition schematic diagram in fresh air heating, cooling-down air conditioner and the hot water multifunctional application system of solar energy type of respiration building.
Fig. 8 is the control operation schematic diagram of fresh air heating, cooling-down air conditioner and the hot water multifunctional application system of solar energy type of respiration building.
Product and parts among the figure have: 1, south heating air intake aperture, 2, air draft aperture, north, 3, the building south elevation, 4, build northern facade, 5, south elevation rainwater pipe, 6, north facade rainwater pipe, 7, window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector, 8, ceiling mounted solar heating case, 9, spiral tube heat exchanger, 10, architecture indoor, 11, middle heating and ventilation aperture 1,12, middle heating and ventilation aperture 2,13, the heating control valve, 14, the cooling control valve, 15, the air draft control valve, 16, cooling air draft aperture, south, 17, the mixed flow device, 18, pipeline, 19, controller, 20, auxiliary heater, 21, middle cooling ventilation aperture 1,22, middle cooling ventilation aperture 2,23, running water inlet in the solar water heating system, 24, hot water outlet in the solar water heating system, 25, the heat collector cleaner, 26, air draft aperture, north air filter.
The specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the residential housing in northern heating zone seat Northern Dynasties south, in the winter time or under the condition of normal solar radiation in summer, the difference in air temperature on two walls surfaces 3 and 4, north and south can reach about 30 ℃.Under this temperature difference, if open two the lip-deep windows of wall in north and south, each door and window in the opening chamber simultaneously, it is mobile that architecture indoor will produce the air of natural ventilation type, and people often utilize the gravity-flow ventilation of this building type of respiration to carry out cooling in summer.
As shown in Figure 3, for frame construction, south elevation is become whole solar walls 3 by the solar energy air heat collector 7 of certain area and the design and installation of the daylighting windowpane architecture-integral of certain area, export the thermal current that will produce higher temperature and bigger pressure at heat collector, with the bigger temperature difference and the pressure difference of natural temperature formation of northern facade air.
As shown in Figure 4, the ceiling position between balcony of being installed in ceiling mounted solar heating case 8 architecture-integrals, and the import of the spiral tube heat exchanger 9 in the heating box is docked with the heat collector outlet, the outlet of heat exchanger 9 simultaneously directly is connected with architecture indoor south heating air intake aperture 1 with heating control valve 13 by pipeline 18, has just formed the dynamical system of winter heating.
As shown in Figure 5, the daytime in winter, heat collector 7 absorbs solar radiant energy, produce the big thermal current of temperature high heat, between the outlet of heat collector 7 and northern facade, form the bigger temperature difference and pressure reduction, simultaneously under the siphon pressure effect of northern facade rainwater pipe 6, the thermal current of heat collector 7 outlets will be continuously by the spiral tube exchanger 9 in the heating box 8, pipeline 18, the heating control valve of opening 13 and southern heating air intake aperture 1 inlet chamber interior 10, heating and ventilation aperture 11 and 12 in passing through again, after northern air draft aperture 2 enters rainwater pipe 6, drain in the atmosphere of construction ceiling.In this heating operation process, the heat that heat collector 7 is produced is when flowing through spiral tube exchanger 9, part heat is stored in the liquid in the heating box 8, the later heat of another part cooling is each room of 10 in the inlet chamber then, continuous carry out that heat stores and, lower the temperature into cold airflow until thermal current and just enter northern facade rainwater pipe 6 discharges with heat.At night in winter, the heat that is stored in heating box 8 and indoor 10 walls is slowly emitted, and proceeds the operation of heating operating mode.
As shown in Figure 6, the daytime in summer, heat collector 7 absorbs solar radiation and produces the higher thermal current of temperature, through the heat exchanger 9 in the heating box 8, a large amount of heats is stored in the heating box 8, under the control of controller 19, heating control valve 13 is closed and lower the temperature control valve 14 and 15 unlatchings of air draft control valve, under the siphon pressure of south elevation rainwater pipe 5, thermal current will flow through fast mixed flow device 17 and pipeline 18 drain into the atmosphere on roof from south elevation rainwater pipe 5.The mobile mixed flow device 17 that makes of air produces bigger vacuum, under the effect of this negative pressure, cold air from the northern facade rainwater pipe 6 of building enters architecture indoor 10 through northern air draft aperture 2, again through in cooling ventilation aperture 22,21 and cooling air draft aperture, south 16 enter mixed flow device 17, and be mixed row to south elevation rainwater pipe 5 with thermal current that the heat exchanger 9 of ceiling mounted solar heating case flows out.At the night in summer, the heat that stores in the ceiling mounted solar heating case 8 will continue to produce the thermal current of siphon, make indoor cooling operating mode continue operation.Have only the heat that stores in the heating box to finish using or solar radiation on daytime when not enough, just need to open the little blower fan of standby low noise, with the usefulness of assurance cooling-down air conditioner.
As shown in Figure 7, the heat that window formula orifice plate solar thermal collector 7 is produced is stored in ceiling mounted solar heating case 8, the spiral tube exchanger that is provided with at heating box inner bag top can in time be heated to uniform temperature from the running water that water inlet 23 flows into, and the hot water that flows out from hot water outlet 24 can arrive indoor hot water by pipeline makes use.
The technical solution of the utility model is the Comprehensive Control and the operational system of various operating modes such as above-mentioned solar heating, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water as shown in Figure 8.In order to satisfy the requirement that fresh air is provided and administers the outdoor atmosphere pollution of building to indoor, air filter 25 and 26 are installed respectively at the import and 2 places, northern air draft aperture of window formula orifice plate solar thermal collector 7.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1, the solar energy Healthy for China provides a feasible technology road, Realization solar heating, air-conditioning and hot water multifunctional application that can architecture-integral can also be on this basis, and be further real Existing solar building roof type hot airflow power generation function; 2, owing to adopt air dielectric in the system, do not exist liquid to be afraid of to freeze, leak Etc. problem, reliability is very high, long service life, and suitable application region is wide; 3, give the indoor fresh air that provides, be conducive to physical and mental health, Can also effectively purify and administer outdoor contaminated air; 4, can automatically regulate or manual adjustments, make heating and cooling-down air conditioner fortune The row operating mode is reliable and stable, the system effectiveness height; 5, thoroughly solved the technical bottleneck problem that solar energy and architecture-integral are installed, for Wide application prospect has been opened up in the great development of solar energy cause; 6, the totle drilling cost of application system is low, saving building material that can also be a large amount of Material and operating expenses, economy is fine, is a kind of multifunctional application system of worth spread; 7, product and application system Have very strong reproducibility, can be applied to widely the oven dry of solar energy industrial or agricultural article, the drying of wood, oil heating storage Deposit and many heat utilizations field such as conveying, and then promote to scopes such as the job facilities such as railway, highway, wasteland, hillside, deserts Use, will produce the more energy for country, administer wider environmental pollution.

Claims (7)

1. solar heating, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system, be by window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector, ceiling mounted solar heating case, auxiliary heater, controller, the heating control valve, the cooling control valve, the air draft control valve, the little blower fan of standby low noise, the mixed flow device, pipeline, the southern heating air intake aperture of rainwater pipe on two elevations of building in north and south and architecture indoor, middle heating and ventilation aperture, air draft aperture, north, middle cooling ventilation aperture, cooling air draft aperture, south constitutes jointly, it is characterized in that: the design and installation of window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector is at the south elevation of building, ceiling mounted solar heating case then is fixed on the ceiling position between balcony, induction port on the window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector is arranged on the bottom surface of heat collector, and air outlet hole mouth is arranged on the end face of heat collector, and docks with the induction port of ceiling mounted solar heating case and to be integral.
2. solar heating according to claim 1, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system is characterized in that: the plane included angle between window formula orifice plate solar energy air heat collector and two plate products of ceiling mounted solar heating case 〉=90 degree.
3. solar heating according to claim 1, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system, it is characterized in that: the southern heating air intake aperture of architecture indoor is arranged on the top of north wall between balcony, this aperture is connected with the hot-blast outlet level of heating control valve, ceiling mounted solar heating case successively by pipeline, constitutes the induction system of heating hot blast.
4, solar heating according to claim 1, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system is characterized in that: the bottom of indoor each room East and West direction partition wall is provided with middle heating and ventilation aperture, establishes the governor valve with switching function on the aperture.
5. solar heating according to claim 1, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system is characterized in that; Air draft aperture, north is located at the bottom of the northern vertical plane wall of building, is provided with air filtration unit in the aperture, is communicated with the rainwater pipe of northern facade.
6, solar heating according to claim 1, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system is characterized in that: cooling ventilation aperture during the top of indoor each room East and West direction partition wall is provided with, establish governor valve on the aperture with switching function.
7, solar heating according to claim 1, cooling-down air conditioner and hot water building integrated application system, it is characterized in that: the cooling air draft aperture, south of architecture indoor is arranged on the top of north wall between balcony, this aperture is connected with cooling control valve, the little blower fan of standby low noise, mixed flow device, air draft control valve, south elevation rainwater pipe successively by pipeline, constitutes the dynamical system of cooling air draft.
CN2009200050039U 2009-02-26 2009-02-26 Building integrated application system of solar energy heating, cooling, air conditioning and water heating Expired - Fee Related CN201417037Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200050039U CN201417037Y (en) 2009-02-26 2009-02-26 Building integrated application system of solar energy heating, cooling, air conditioning and water heating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200050039U CN201417037Y (en) 2009-02-26 2009-02-26 Building integrated application system of solar energy heating, cooling, air conditioning and water heating

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108224637A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-06-29 安葛名杨 A kind of building humidity control system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108224637A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-06-29 安葛名杨 A kind of building humidity control system
CN108224637B (en) * 2017-11-23 2020-03-17 安葛名杨 Building temperature regulating system

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Granted publication date: 20100303

Termination date: 20160226