CN201392479Y - Solar direction automatic tracking and control device - Google Patents

Solar direction automatic tracking and control device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201392479Y
CN201392479Y CN200920135557U CN200920135557U CN201392479Y CN 201392479 Y CN201392479 Y CN 201392479Y CN 200920135557 U CN200920135557 U CN 200920135557U CN 200920135557 U CN200920135557 U CN 200920135557U CN 201392479 Y CN201392479 Y CN 201392479Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
solar
link
control
automatic tracking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN200920135557U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈善郁
方星
吴泷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHENZHEN NANSHAN TAOYUAN HIGH SCHOOL
Original Assignee
SHENZHEN NANSHAN TAOYUAN HIGH SCHOOL
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHENZHEN NANSHAN TAOYUAN HIGH SCHOOL filed Critical SHENZHEN NANSHAN TAOYUAN HIGH SCHOOL
Priority to CN200920135557U priority Critical patent/CN201392479Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201392479Y publication Critical patent/CN201392479Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar direction automatic tracking and control device, wherein an insulating plate is fixed on the upper portion of a battery board, a cross lightblocking plate is welded in the center of the insulating plate and divides the insulating plate into four areas, the four areas under the lightblocking plate are respectively provided with a silicon solar cell, as long as the battery board has no vertical solar light, the four areas under the structure of the cross lightblocking plate can form two or three shaded areas, and the voltages of the four silicon solar cells are different, an analog-digital conversion chip connected with the silicon solar cells outputs high and low electrical levels according to the various voltages of the silicon solar cells and controls the rotation of a motor and the rotating direction so that the battery board is led to rotate up and down or left and right for being aligned with the sun. The solar direction automatic tracking and control device judges the direction of the sun through the voltages of the silicon solar cells and then adjusts the direction of the battery board timely and lead the battery board to bring the maximum working efficiency into play, the structure of the design is easy, the invested cost is little but the effect is appreciable, thereby guaranteeing the full utilization of energy resource and fits the characteristics of environmental protection.

Description

The solar direction automatic tracking controller
Technical field
The utility model relates to the solar direction automatic tracking controller that a kind of electronic control circuit combines with mechanical driving device.
Background technology
Sun power is more and more universal as cleaning, the application of green energy resource in people's daily life efficiently, as utilize sun power to generate electricity, and solar street light, solar energy stove, solar water heater etc., but all there is a defective in these equipment: the position and the direction of their solar panel are all fixed, therefore in the whole day, only the sun can the direct projection cell panel in some time periods, makes its work efficiency reach the highest.Scientific research finds that if the aligning sun that solar panel can be real-time, solar cell will remain the highest work efficiency, resulting energy with compare now surpassing more than 20%, have enormous social and economic worth.But, though there are some relevant apparatus to make the cell panel rotation follow the tracks of the sun at present, these devices always exist real-time poor, and the equipment complexity expends disadvantages such as cost height, can't reach green, energy-conservation basic goal.
The utility model content
The utility model purpose be to provide a kind of can the real-time follow-up sun, make the efficient of solar energy equipment perform to maximum solar direction automatic tracking controller.
Solving the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme of being taked is: a kind of solar direction automatic tracking controller, comprise mechanical part, electronic control part and three parts of propulsion system, and it is characterized in that,
Described mechanical part comprises solar panel and battery board bracket, on solar panel, be fixed with a slice insulcrete parallel with cell panel, " ten " font shadow shield of insulcrete central authorities welding is divided into four zones that area is identical with insulcrete, respectively is fixed with a silicon photocell at the shadow shield place of each region insulation plate; The back side of cell panel is connected with power setting part;
Described electronic control part comprises control IC and modulus conversion chip, and modulus conversion chip is connected with silicon photocell, and is connected to control IC, and two control branch roads that are composed in series by relay, direct current generator, relay are connected in parallel on the control IC.
Described insulcrete is fixed in the solar panel upper end.
The described insulcrete back side also is fixed with a silicon photocell.
Described control IC is 8051 single-chip microcomputers.
Described modulus conversion chip is 0809 chip.
The scheme that realizes this usefulness new technique purpose also further comprises,
Described power setting part comprises two bearings that are fixed in the cell panel back side, the T-shape connecting link, Type connecting link and direct current generator; Bearing holder (housing, cover) is contained in the bearing holder (housing, cover) of T-shape connecting link two ends, and the bottom of T-shape connecting link is plugged in two bearing holder (housing, cover)s of cavity support internal fixation; The middle part of T-shape connecting link is being fixed one The connecting link of type, Direct current generator is being fixed at the middle part of type connecting link, is twining steel cable on the machine shaft, and the other end of steel cable is fixed in the top of cell panel; The bottom of type connecting link is fixed on the base, also is fixed with direct current generator on the base, is fixed with wheel in the rotating shaft of this direct current generator, and wheel contacts with ground and makes base unsettled.
The utility model is just judged the direction of the sun by adopting silicon photocell voltage, and then in time the cell panel travel direction is adjusted, make its performance maximum efficiency, this project organization is simple, input cost is little but effect is obvious, ensure making full use of of the energy, met the feature of green, environmental protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model one-piece construction synoptic diagram one.
Fig. 2 is the utility model insulcrete stereographic map.
Fig. 3 is the utility model insulcrete vertical view.
Fig. 4 is the utility model one-piece construction synoptic diagram two.
Fig. 5 is motor of the present utility model and steel cable part-structure synoptic diagram.
Fig. 6 is motor of the present utility model and base portion structural representation.
Fig. 7 is the utility model circuit theory synoptic diagram.
In the drawings, 1. cell panel, 2. insulcrete, 3. support, 4. T-shape connecting link, 5. shadow shield, 6. silicon photocell, 7. The type connecting link, 8. direct current generator, 9. direct current generator, 10. base, 11. take turns, 12. bearings, 13. bearings, 14. steel cables.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples to the utility model explanation that makes an explanation, but present embodiment is to the explanation of the utility model structure rather than to the restriction of its structure, should understand, in the scope of the utility model technical thought, those skilled in the art can carry out suitable modification or adjustment to the utility model.
Principle of work of the present utility model is: sunray runs into opaque object, can produce shade in the back of opaque article, a silicon photocell is placed in the utility model four zones below the shadow shield structure respectively, as long as this cell panel does not have vertical sunray, four parts below the cross shadow shield structure will form two to three shadow regions, the voltage of four silicon photocells is just different, silicon photocell voltage under the shade is low, the voltage height that silicon photocell under the sunray produces, the modulus conversion chip that connects with silicon photocell is according to the different output high-low levels of the voltage of silicon photocell, by controlling the break-make of four relays, reach the purpose of the direction of control rotation of motor and rotation, make cell panel up and down or left-right rotation aim at the sun.When sun vertical irradiation cell panel, four silicon photocells all are under the sunlight direct projection, and it is identical to produce magnitude of voltage, cell panel transfixion performance maximum efficiency.
The utility model comprises mechanical part, electronic control part and three parts of propulsion system.As shown in Figure 1, mechanical part comprises solar panel 1 and battery board bracket 3, be fixed with a slice insulcrete parallel 2 in solar panel 1 upper end with cell panel, two shadow shield 5A, 5B of the welding of insulcrete 2 central authorities are divided into four zones that area is identical with insulcrete 2, shadow shield infall at each region insulation plate respectively is fixed with a silicon photocell 6, as Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3.Simultaneously, also be fixed with a silicon photocell 6E at the insulcrete back side.
Described power setting part comprises two bearings 12 that are fixed in cell panel 1 back side, T-shape connecting link 4, Type connecting link 7 and direct current generator 8,9.Bearing 12 is sleeved in the bearing holder (housing, cover) of T-shape connecting link 4 two ends, and making cell panel 1 can serve as that axle rotates up and down with bearing 12, as shown in Figure 4.Support 3 is a cavity structure, and its pipe cavity internal fixation has bearing holder (housing, cover) 13, and the bottom of connecting link 4 is plugged in the bearing holder (housing, cover) 13.The middle part of connecting link 4 is being fixed one The connecting link 7 of type, the other end of connecting link 7 lands.Fix direct current generator 8 at the middle part of connecting link 7, twining steel cable 14 on the machine shaft, as shown in Figure 5.The other end of steel cable 14 is fixed in the top of cell panel 1.The bottom of connecting link 7 is fixed on the base 10, also is fixed with direct current generator 9 on the base 10, is fixed with wheel 11 in the rotating shaft of this direct current generator, and wheel contacts with ground and makes base 10 unsettled, as shown in Figure 6.
As accompanying drawing 7 is the utility model electronic control part circuit diagram.Modulus conversion chip 0809 is connected with 5 silicon photocells, and is connected to control IC 8051, and control IC is by photoelectric tube control four relays (photoelectric tube is not shown among the figure).Two control branch roads that are composed in series by relay, direct current generator, relay are connected in parallel on the control IC, and control IC is by the break-make of four relays of control, and the rotation of control direct current generator and the direction of rotation realize the adjustment to cell panel.
Partly to be control IC 8051 and modulus conversion chip 0809,0809 pass the voltage of coming with 5 silicon photocells above the sensor to this circuit core changes into digital signal and pass to control IC more respectively; Control IC judges the size of these 5 voltages, drives corresponding motor according to following rule solar panels are rotated:
If the voltage of 1 silicon photocell 6A, illustrates sunray greater than silicon photocell 6B and comes from silicon photocell 6A end-fire, therefore, corresponding motor work makes the rotation of turning left of this device, when silicon photocell 6A, 6B were in sun direct projection simultaneously, both voltages equated that motor quits work;
If the voltage of 2 silicon photocell 6B, illustrates sunray greater than silicon photocell 6C and comes from silicon photocell 6B end-fire, therefore, corresponding motor work is up rotated this device, when silicon photocell 6B, 6C were in sun direct projection simultaneously, both voltages equated that motor quits work;
If the voltage of 3 silicon photocell 6C, illustrates sunray greater than silicon photocell 6D and comes from silicon photocell 6C end-fire, therefore, corresponding motor work makes the rotation of turning right of this device, when silicon photocell 6C, 6D were in sun direct projection simultaneously, both voltages equated that motor quits work;
If the voltage of 4 silicon photocell 6D, illustrates sunray greater than silicon photocell 6A and comes from silicon photocell 6D end-fire, therefore, corresponding motor work is down rotated this device, when silicon photocell 6A, 6D were in sun direct projection simultaneously, both voltages equated that motor quits work;
5, with the opposite result of above judgement, the direction that device rotates is just in time opposite;
If the voltage that the voltage ratio front of the silicon photocell 6E at 6 back sides is four is all high, the back side of sunray at device is described, as long as device is rotated, four kinds of situations above occurring, set up four kinds of situations of face again and adjust, identical up to four cell voltages.
The core that the utility model rotates is two direct current generators, by direct current generator 8 rotations the steel cable that is connected in cell panel 1 top is stretched, making cell panel serves as axially to go up to rotate with bearing 12, or motor counter-rotating, steel cable unclamps, cell panel utilizes himself weight to rotate, and realizes the rotation up and down of cell panel.When needing left-right rotation, direct current generator 9 rotates, driving coaxial wheel 11 rotates, wheel 11 makes base rotate and drive connecting link fixed thereon 7 and rotates, because connecting link 7 is fixedlyed connected with connecting link 4, therefore, connecting link 7 can drive connecting link 4 and rotate in bearing holder (housing, cover) 13, the cell panel 1 that is fixed on the connecting link 4 rotates with it, realizes the left-right rotation of cell panel.The utility model is just judged the direction of the sun by judging silicon photocell voltage, and then the cell panel travel direction adjusted, the utility model thinking is simple, production cost is little, can be widely used in relevant series of products such as solar lighting, solar electrical energy generation, solar energy stove and solar water heater, have good economy and social value.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of solar direction automatic tracking controller comprises mechanical part, electronic control part and three parts of propulsion system, it is characterized in that,
Described mechanical part comprises solar panel (1) and battery board bracket (3), on solar panel (1), be fixed with a slice insulcrete (2) parallel with cell panel (1), " ten " font shadow shield (5) of insulcrete (2) central authorities welding is divided into four zones that area is identical with insulcrete (2), locates respectively to be fixed with a silicon photocell (6) at the shadow shield (5) of each region insulation plate; The back side of cell panel (1) is connected with power setting part;
Described electronic control part comprises control IC and modulus conversion chip, and modulus conversion chip is connected with silicon photocell, and is connected to control IC, and two control branch roads that are composed in series by relay, direct current generator, relay are connected in parallel on the control IC.
2, solar direction automatic tracking controller according to claim 1 is characterized in that, insulcrete (2) is fixed in solar panel (1) upper end.
3, solar direction automatic tracking controller according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, insulcrete (2) back side also is fixed with a silicon photocell (6E).
4, solar direction automatic tracking controller according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described control IC is 8051 single-chip microcomputers.
5, solar direction automatic tracking controller according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described modulus conversion chip is 0809 chip.
6, solar direction automatic tracking controller according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described power setting part comprises two bearings (12) that are fixed in cell panel (1) back side, T-shape connecting link (4), Type connecting link (7) and direct current generator (8,9); Bearing (12) is sleeved in the bearing holder (housing, cover) of T-shape connecting link (4) two ends, and the bottom of connecting link (4) is plugged in two bearing holder (housing, cover)s (13) of cavity support (3) internal fixation; The middle part of connecting link (4) is being fixed one The connecting link of type (7) is being fixed direct current generator (8) at the middle part of connecting link (7), is twining steel cable (14) on the machine shaft, and the other end of steel cable (14) is fixed in the top of cell panel (1); The bottom of connecting link (7) is fixed on the base (10), also is fixed with direct current generator (9) on the base (10), is fixed with wheel (11) in the rotating shaft of this direct current generator, and wheel contacts with ground and makes base (10) unsettled.
CN200920135557U 2009-03-16 2009-03-16 Solar direction automatic tracking and control device Expired - Fee Related CN201392479Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920135557U CN201392479Y (en) 2009-03-16 2009-03-16 Solar direction automatic tracking and control device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920135557U CN201392479Y (en) 2009-03-16 2009-03-16 Solar direction automatic tracking and control device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201392479Y true CN201392479Y (en) 2010-01-27

Family

ID=41599299

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200920135557U Expired - Fee Related CN201392479Y (en) 2009-03-16 2009-03-16 Solar direction automatic tracking and control device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201392479Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102331794A (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-01-25 攀枝花学院 Solar direction detector and automatic solar direction tracking device constituted thereby
CN102890512A (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-01-23 李琮杰 Solar wafer autologous sensing sun-tracking system
CN103970152A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-08-06 苏州卫生职业技术学院 Automatic sunlight following positioning device, method and system
CN104168061A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-11-26 中国科学院半导体研究所 Visible light communication device capable of automatically capturing light based on three-rod supporting type rotary table

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102890512A (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-01-23 李琮杰 Solar wafer autologous sensing sun-tracking system
CN102331794A (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-01-25 攀枝花学院 Solar direction detector and automatic solar direction tracking device constituted thereby
CN102331794B (en) * 2011-07-21 2017-04-12 攀枝花学院 Solar direction detector and automatic solar direction tracking device constituted thereby
CN103970152A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-08-06 苏州卫生职业技术学院 Automatic sunlight following positioning device, method and system
CN104168061A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-11-26 中国科学院半导体研究所 Visible light communication device capable of automatically capturing light based on three-rod supporting type rotary table
CN104168061B (en) * 2014-08-21 2017-04-19 中国科学院半导体研究所 Visible light communication device capable of automatically capturing light based on three-rod supporting type rotary table

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201207625Y (en) Photovoltaic electricity generating device having sun tracing function
CN205232127U (en) Can high -efficient utilize solar tracking system of solar energy
CN101741281A (en) Sunflower-type solar energy generating system
CN102073325A (en) Biaxial automatic tracking device and method for maximum power point of solar panel
CN103901900B (en) A kind of comprehensive autotracking unit of solar energy
CN105375860A (en) Wind-light combination type intelligent sun tracking power supply system
CN201392479Y (en) Solar direction automatic tracking and control device
CN202652112U (en) Photosensitive type linkage flat single shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic generating set
CN105099353A (en) Solar power generation device
CN203070104U (en) Solar energy automatic tracking and storing system
CN205195626U (en) Intelligence of scene mating type chases after a day power supply system
CN203453979U (en) Off-grid type wind and solar hybrid street lamp system
CN209744257U (en) High-efficient intelligent semiconductor road surface lighting device
CN105119559A (en) Automatic sensing adjustment solar power collection device
CN203070112U (en) Solar cell panel tracking system
CN102393755A (en) Energy-saving automatic solar tracker
CN206555070U (en) A kind of TRT based on solar energy and wind energy
CN102789239A (en) Double-shaft high-precision solar tracking motor controller
CN201918921U (en) Disc-type sun-facing power-generating device
CN204361959U (en) A kind of solar energy blower fan power generation control
CN106160163A (en) Solar photovoltaic power system
CN205945587U (en) Board -like sunlight photovoltaic power generation and complemental photovoltaic power supply station of moonlight photovoltaic power generation turn over
CN202257287U (en) Energy saving automatic solar tracker
CN202632120U (en) Solar photovoltaic panel tracking device
CN207691718U (en) A kind of wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system for urban wastewater treatment device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100127

Termination date: 20110316

C17 Cessation of patent right