CN201382793Y - Differential capacitance target flow transducer - Google Patents

Differential capacitance target flow transducer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201382793Y
CN201382793Y CN200920020769U CN200920020769U CN201382793Y CN 201382793 Y CN201382793 Y CN 201382793Y CN 200920020769 U CN200920020769 U CN 200920020769U CN 200920020769 U CN200920020769 U CN 200920020769U CN 201382793 Y CN201382793 Y CN 201382793Y
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China
Prior art keywords
target
differential capacitance
flow
measuring
differential
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN200920020769U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚贤卿
蒋生健
徐才厚
姚云
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姚贤卿
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Priority to CN200920020769U priority Critical patent/CN201382793Y/en
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Publication of CN201382793Y publication Critical patent/CN201382793Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a differential capacitance target flow transducer. The target flow transducer comprises a differential capacitance probe and a target piece, wherein, the differential capacitance probe comprises a vibrating pipe, a ceramic basal body, two semicircular cylinder polar plates, a lead wire, and a lead wire shielding tube; the target piece is mounted at the tail part of the vibrating pipe of the differential capacitance probe; the target piece can be in threaded connection or fixed connection with the tail part of the vibrating pipe through welding; and the sensor also can be designed into a pipeline-type target flowmeter or a glove valve inserted-type target flowmeter so as to be suitable for measuring the flow rates of various mediums in pipelines with different apertures. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, easy manufacture, batch production, simple and convenient installation and construction, high reliability, good performance, high measuring accuracy, wide application of flow rate measurement, wide temperature range, vibration interference resistance, and wide range of flow rate measurement, thereby being particularly suitable for measuring flow rates of smudgy mediums with middle/low flow rates in a large-scale pipeline.

Description

Differential capacitance target-type flow sensor
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of detecting sensor of measuring channel inner fluid flow, specifically a kind of differential capacitance target-type flow sensor.
Background technology
We know that the measurement of flow is used very extensive, as measuring various flow medias such as liquid, gas, steam in commercial production and scientific research test.Vortex shedding flow meter is the oscillation mode velocity flowmeter that grows up the seventies, and domestic and international flow industry and flow expert's very big concern is drawn in its appearance immediately, develops very rapid.Such instrument has simple in structure, no movable member, and crushing is little, and flow velocity and density of medium, temperature have nothing to do, and measuring accuracy is than characteristics such as height.This flowmeter has adopted vortex street (being toll bar) principle.Core apparatus differential capacitor detecting device wherein is made up of vibrating tube, ceramic matrix, two semicircular cylinder pole plates, lead-in wire shielded-plate tube, lead-in wires.Constitute capacitor C 1 and C2 with vibrating tube respectively by two semicircular cylinder pole plates, two semicircular cylinder pole plates are called fixed electorde, and vibrating tube is moving electrode (ground connection).The whirlpool warble that vibrating tube forms with flow velocity under the whirlpool acting force, C1 and C2 alternately change.Because the Karman vortex street principle is subjected to the restriction less flow of energy measurement not of the Reynolds number of fluid, can not measure the bigger fluid of viscosity, so can not give full play to the high advantage of differential capacitor detector sensitivity.
Target type meter is the flowmeter of the force type that gets up of nearly 10 years development, and it mainly is made up of target sheet, connecting rod, measuring tube.The target sheet is fixed on the connecting rod, makes cylinder generation stress deformation after connecting rod is stressed, and the resistance value of strain resistor bridge is changed, and causes the uneven output current signal of electric bridge, and the directed force F of this signal and fluid and flow meet following relational expression: i.e. F=CdA ρ V 2/ 2, F in the formula: the power that is subjected on the block body, ρ: the density of fluid, Cd: resistance coefficient, V: flow rate of fluid, A: block body lifting surface area.Utilize the target type meter of fluid force principle, what adopt at present is the pressure transducer of strain resistor bridge or other form, and they all are mounted in the outside of table body, complex structure.As measuring sensor, because strain resistor is sticking being posted on the tube wall of metal cylinder, long-time use of its resistor disc or cold and hot expansion easily make resistor disc come off, and its reliability is relatively poor, and temperature range is narrow, the measurement of incompatibility high-temperature medium.In the plug-type application of large pipeline, because insertion rod is long thinner, the instability that fluid impact causes is comparatively serious, and the large pipeline measurement is restricted, and dirty medium influence sensitivity is comparatively serious, so can not bring into play the advantage of target type meter.
Up to now, for a long time in the industrial pipeline particularly in the large-scale pipeline flow measurement of low flow velocity and dirty medium fail suitable flowmeter, produce and managerial personnel usually are stymied by for this reason.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides rational in infrastructure, makes up simply installation and easy construction, reliability height, the differential capacitance target-type flow sensor that measuring accuracy is high.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the above technical problem is: a kind of differential capacitance target-type flow sensor, it includes differential capacitor probe and target sheet, the differential capacitor probe is made up of vibrating tube, ceramic matrix, two semicircular cylinder pole plates, lead-in wire, lead-in wire shielded-plate tubes, it is characterized in that: the target sheet is installed in the vibrating tube afterbody of differential capacitor probe.
The said target sheet of the utility model can be fixedly connected on the vibrating tube afterbody by being threaded or welding.
The utility model is owing to adopt differential capacitor probe and target sheet reliably to make up, against existing technologies, when fluid flows through the target sheet, it is on the target sheet that the acting force of its fluid acts on the block body that is suspended on table body center, the differential capacitor probe is subjected to displacement, displacement makes the differential capacitor C1 at probe vibration pipe position and C2 that the difference variation take place, flow velocity is big more, the power that fluid acts on the target sheet is also big more, be subjected to displacement big more, the difference of differential capacitor changes also more greatly, otherwise then diminishes, thereby reaches the purpose of measuring flow.Because differential capacitance sensor and target sheet are directly closely combined, and both advantages are brought into play, under identical flow rate conditions, the utility model can be surveyed low discharge thus, and than little many of traditional target type meter, sensitive high is many, and temperature range is wideer.The utility model is simple in structure, easily processes and produces in batches, installs and easy construction.Its reliability height, performance is good, the measuring accuracy height, it is extensive to be suitable for flow measurement, is specially adapted to hang down in the large-scale pipeline flow measurement of flow velocity and dirty medium.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the utility model flange pipe formula unitized construction synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation that the utility model pipeline plug-in type is installed.
1. differential capacitors probe among the figure, 2. ceramic matrix, 3. vibrating tube, 4. target sheet, 5. semicircular cylinder pole plate, 6. lead-in wire shielded-plate tube, 7. lead-in wire, 8. pipeline table body, 9. radome, 10. amplifier, 11. leading screws, 12. flange short tubes, 13. pipelines, 14. ball valves, 15. position fixing handles.
Embodiment
As can be seen from Figure 1, a kind of differential capacitance target-type flow sensor of the utility model, it includes differential capacitor probe (or claiming detecting device) 1 and target sheet 4.Differential capacitor probe 1 is made up of vibrating tube 3, ceramic matrix 2, two semicircular cylinder pole plates 5, lead-in wire 7, lead-in wire shielded-plate tubes 6.Two semicircular cylinder pole plates 5 in the differential capacitor probe 1 are on the minimum ceramic matrix 2 of expansion coefficient, so electric property is reliable and stable, can be operated in 1000 ℃ of following conditions uses attached to insulating property are fabulous.The size of electric capacity is directly proportional with the area of pole plate, and the distance between pole plate is inversely proportional to, and the area of making moulding when pole plate is determined when constant, and the variable in distance between pole plate is the principal element of electric capacity obviously.Signal sensitivity can make the spacing appropriateness of pole plate reduce just to reach the purpose that improves signal sensitivity by manufacturing, so can survey than low discharge.Concrete composition structure and each parts effect thereof of differential capacitor probe 1 are identical with prior art, are not giving unnecessary details.The concrete structure of target sheet 4 is also identical with prior art.
Characteristics of the present utility model are vibrating tube 3 afterbodys that target sheet 4 is installed in differential capacitor probe 1.Said target sheet 4 can also can be that welding is fixedly connected on vibrating tube 3 afterbodys by being threaded in vibrating tube 3 afterbodys.When fluid flows through target sheet 4, the directed force F of its fluid acts on the block body that is suspended on table body center when being target sheet 4, differential capacitor probe 1 is subjected to displacement, displacement makes the differential capacitor C1 at probe vibration pipe position and C2 that the difference variation take place, and flow velocity is big more, and the power F that fluid acts on target sheet 4 is also big more, be subjected to displacement big more, the difference of differential capacitor changes also more greatly, otherwise then diminishes, thereby reaches the purpose of measuring flow.In addition, also can obtain big acting force by the lifting surface area that changes target sheet 4, signal sensitivity further improves.Because differential capacitor probe 1 and target sheet 4 are directly closely combined, and both advantages are brought into play, under identical flow rate conditions, the utility model can be surveyed low discharge thus, and than little many of traditional target type meter, sensitive high is many, and temperature range is wideer.
Fig. 2 is the utility model flange pipe formula unitized construction synoptic diagram, forms a differential capacitance target-type flow meter.It is by pipeline table body 8, and differential capacitor is popped one's head in (or claiming detecting device) 1, target sheet 4, and radome 9, amplifier 10 is formed.Target sheet 4 is installed in the vibrating tube afterbody of differential capacitor probe 1, and the two aggregate erection is in pipeline table body 8.When fluid flows through target sheet 4, the directed force F of its fluid acts on the block body that is suspended on table body center when being target sheet 4, differential capacitor probe 1 is subjected to displacement, displacement makes the differential capacitor C1 at probe vibration pipe position and C2 that the difference variation take place, and flow velocity is big more, and the power F that fluid acts on target sheet 4 is also big more, be subjected to displacement big more, the difference of differential capacitor changes also more greatly, otherwise then diminishes, thereby reaches the purpose of measuring flow.This electric signal shows that after amplifier 10 is handled flow value and outputting standard signal are for host computer realization record, control etc.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation that the utility model pipeline plug-in type is installed, and is a kind of ball valve insert type target type meter, and it adapts to measure in the large diameter pipeline uses.Under the situation of not arrheaing, can online perforate install, can not arrhea repair and maintenance, no crushing, energy-conservation source.It includes amplifier 10, position fixing handle 15, ball valve 14, flange short tube 12, leading screw 11, differential capacitor probe 1, target sheet 4.Differential capacitor probe 1 is fixed on the leading screw 11.The utility model is installed in the pipeline 13 by insertions such as leading screw 11, flange short tube 12, ball valve 14, position fixing handles 15.This flowmeter can be under the situation of not arrheaing, change and maintenance sensor, the pressure loss is almost ignored, energy-saving effect is very remarkable, only the heavy caliber flowing meter of medium specification saving in year electric energy can reach tens thousand of units, it installs simple, and transportation cost and maintenance cost cost saving also reach tens thousand of units.
The utility model is no matter be to use or the more small-bore application of full packages type in large-scale flow conduit, Its reliability height, performance is good, the certainty of measurement height, it is extensive to be suitable for flow measurement, almost combines great majority The advantage of flowmeter. The utility model is simple in structure, easily processes and produces in batches, install and easy construction, Be specially adapted to hang down in the large-scale pipeline flow measurement of flow velocity and dirty medium.

Claims (2)

1. differential capacitance target-type flow sensor, it includes differential capacitor probe and target sheet, it is characterized in that: the target sheet is installed in the vibrating tube afterbody that differential capacitor is popped one's head in.
2. differential capacitance target-type flow sensor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said target sheet is by being threaded or being weldingly fixed on the vibrating tube afterbody.
CN200920020769U 2009-04-15 2009-04-15 Differential capacitance target flow transducer Expired - Fee Related CN201382793Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920020769U CN201382793Y (en) 2009-04-15 2009-04-15 Differential capacitance target flow transducer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920020769U CN201382793Y (en) 2009-04-15 2009-04-15 Differential capacitance target flow transducer

Publications (1)

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CN201382793Y true CN201382793Y (en) 2010-01-13

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101876644A (en) * 2010-05-06 2010-11-03 西安交通大学 Sensing device used for monitoring pulverized coal concentration
CN108225469A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-06-29 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of parallel flow sensor
CN109189109A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-11 广州南控自动化设备有限公司 A kind of precision gas flow automatic control system
CN109185485A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-11 温州大学瓯江学院 A kind of structure for water tap calculating flow

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101876644A (en) * 2010-05-06 2010-11-03 西安交通大学 Sensing device used for monitoring pulverized coal concentration
CN101876644B (en) * 2010-05-06 2012-07-18 西安交通大学 Sensing device used for monitoring pulverized coal concentration
CN108225469A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-06-29 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of parallel flow sensor
CN109189109A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-11 广州南控自动化设备有限公司 A kind of precision gas flow automatic control system
CN109185485A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-11 温州大学瓯江学院 A kind of structure for water tap calculating flow

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Yao Xianqing

Inventor after: Jiang Shengjian

Inventor after: Xu Caihou

Inventor after: Yao Yun

Inventor before: Yao Xianqing

Inventor before: Jiang Shengjian

Inventor before: Xu Caihou

Inventor before: Yao Yun

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100113

Termination date: 20130415

C17 Cessation of patent right