CN201367387Y - Biological-zoological combination device for purifying dirty water - Google Patents

Biological-zoological combination device for purifying dirty water Download PDF

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CN201367387Y
CN201367387Y CNU2009200840206U CN200920084020U CN201367387Y CN 201367387 Y CN201367387 Y CN 201367387Y CN U2009200840206 U CNU2009200840206 U CN U2009200840206U CN 200920084020 U CN200920084020 U CN 200920084020U CN 201367387 Y CN201367387 Y CN 201367387Y
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water
links
pipeline
reactor
bioreactor
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吴振斌
贺锋
孔令为
夏世斌
徐栋
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Institute of Hydrobiology of CAS
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Institute of Hydrobiology of CAS
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
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    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a biological-zoological combination device for purifying dirty water. A dynamic membrane bioreactor is connected with a water distribution/adjusting tank and a water collection tank respectively; the water collection tank is connected with an integrated vertical-flow constructed wetland; a dirty water pump is mounted in the water distribution/adjusting tank; the bioreactor is connected with the dirty water pump through a pipeline on one water valve, and connected with one flowmeter through a second water valve; one pressure gage is connected with the other flowmeter and an organic glass housing respectively; another water valve is connected with the flowmeter and a perforated aeration pipe respectively; the other pressure gage is connected with an aerator and the flowmeter respectively; the bioreactor is connected with the organic glass housing through the pipeline; a pipeline on another water valve is connected with an inorganic ceramic membrane and the water collection tank respectively; a pipeline on another water valve is connected with the water collection tank and the integrated vertical-flow constructed wetland. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure and convenient operation, efficiently purifies the dirty water, can directly recycle the treated dirty water, and effectively reduces the cost for common dirty water treatment and recycling.

Description

A kind of device of biological-ecological combination of purifying waste water
Technical field
The utility model belongs to water-treatment technology field, more specifically relates to a kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification, is applicable to sewage disposal and middle water reuse.
Background technology
Present single technology can not satisfy the needs of various water treatment requirement, and attempting adopting different combination procesies to combine sewage is handled is a kind of trend.The combination process of research different technologies will play an important role to the efficient that improves sewage disposal, advocates today of energy-saving and emission-reduction in the whole society, should select a kind of technology less investment, technology that working cost is low.
As a kind of biological treatment new technique, bioreactor of dynamic membrane technology (DMBR) is little with its floor space, processing efficiency height, simple to operate and be widely used in the processing of sewage.For energy efficient, DMBR has been adopted the not mode of aeration, make form in the reactor a kind ofly detest, the anoxybiotic state, it is excellent to the removal effect of organism, suspended solids, but because dissolved oxygen is very low in the DMBR, limit carrying out nitrated, denitrification, thereby caused the concentration of water outlet total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) to be difficult to up to standard.
As a kind of ecological purification technology, composite vertical current artificial wetland technology (the IVCW) (patent No.: ZL00114693.9) with its cheap investment running cost, higher N, P clearance, simple management maintenance, many advantages such as ecotope and view benefit and being widely used in the reparation of polluted water body preferably.The upper and lower capable circulation road of IVCW and roots of plants district have created more various aerobic, anoxic, anaerobic environment, make the ability of its denitrogenation dephosphorizing have more advantage.And handled waste water may make IVCW can not give play to its maximum effect according to the difference of its composition, finishes processing to waste water so need to increase a preposition processing unit jointly to set up a kind of combination process.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to be to provide a kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification, and is simple in structure, easy to operate, reduced the cost of equal sewage disposal and reuse effectively, with low cost.
The utility model is combined by a kind of biological sewage treatment mode and a kind of ecological purification mode.(English is this biological sewage treatment mode: Dynamic Membrane Bioreactor with bioreactor of dynamic membrane, be abbreviated as DMBR) be representative, the ecological purification mode is representative with composite vertical current artificial wetland (English is: IntegratedVertical-flow Constructed Wetland, be abbreviated as IVCW).The two combines, and forms the DMBR-IVCW combined system.For improving the treatment effect of single sewage disposal technology, adopt biological-ecological combination process pattern, learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses mutually, reach the process optimization configuration, reduce the processing cost of equal sewage.
A kind of method that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification the steps include:
A, at first, pending sewage are through water distribution/equalizing tank, with dispensing (glucose in the pond, urea, potassium primary phosphate takes by weighing by weight 17: 5: 3 ratios) behind formed artificial distribution's uniform mixing, carry out the processing of next step, between the pH regulator to 6 of sewage~9.
B, secondly will pump into through the sewage of processing of step A among the bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR), stop in reactor 6~24 hours, and the stirring by stirrer makes leaves standstill the muddy water thorough mixing back supernatant water outlet and pass through membrane filtration; The COD of sewage that obtains behind the process bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR), turbidity etc. obtain certain removal, and the removal of total phosphorus, total nitrogen is comparatively limited.
C, then, water collecting basin in the middle of the sewage of handling through step B flows into;
D, then, the sewage gradation of process step C enters the water inlet water distributor in composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) unit, pass through the downstream tank of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW), up pond successively, finally discharge, but obtain the water outlet of reuse from up pond header.
A kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification.This device comprises water distribution/equalizing tank, bioreactor of dynamic membrane (DMBR), water collecting basin, composite vertical current artificial wetland (IVCW), water inlet, sump pump, water valve, stirrer, membrane module, under meter, tensimeter, aerator, wetland matrix, wetland plant Canna generalis Bailey, wetland plant calamus.Its annexation is: bioreactor of dynamic membrane links to each other with water distribution/equalizing tank, water collecting basin respectively, water collecting basin links to each other with composite vertical current artificial wetland, sump pump is housed in water distribution/equalizing tank, sewage is (as Fig. 2) through the detailed process of above-mentioned A-B-C-D combined system: sewage enters water distribution/equalizing tank, is flowed in the bioreactor of dynamic membrane (DMBR) by first water intaking valve control through sump pump.Bioreactor of dynamic membrane (DMBR) is made up of several parts such as bio-reactor, stirrer, membrane module, under meter, tensimeter, aerators.Bio-reactor links to each other with sump pump, second water valve respectively by the pipeline on first water valve, stirrer is housed in bio-reactor, second tensimeter links to each other with second water valve, membrane module respectively, the 3rd water valve links to each other with first water valve, membrane module respectively, first water valve links to each other with aerator, bio-reactor links to each other with membrane module by pipeline, pipeline on the 4th water valve links to each other with membrane module, water collecting basin respectively, and the pipeline on the 5th water valve links to each other with water collecting basin, composite vertical current artificial wetland respectively.Membrane module is positioned at outside the bio-reactor, and its water outlet and bio-reactor water outlet keep certain head to press.Bottom center is provided with boring aeration pipe under the membrane module, for sewage provides necessary oxygen when the membrane filtration.Oxygen is provided by aerator, tensimeter and under meter control aeration rate.Sewage is after the active sludge degraded, and after staticly settling 1h, supernatant liquor penetrates film from the water outlet of bio-reactor water outlet under the effect of gravity.The oxygen that is provided by aerator is used to wash away the film surface, effectively prevents the deposition of film surface mud, makes mixed solution be back in the bio-reactor by the lateral water outlet of membrane module on the other hand.Simultaneously, enter in the water collecting basin by the water outlet water outlet directly over the membrane module, utilize flow by gravity to control, flow in the downstream tank of composite vertical current artificial wetland (IVCW) by water valve through the sewage after bioreactor of dynamic membrane (DMBR) cell processing.Composite vertical current artificial wetland (IVCW) is made of two parts of downstream tank and up pond, establishes partition wall in the middle of two ponds, and the bottom communicates into connectivity layer, and the bottom also is provided with blow-down pipe.All insert thin river sand in two ponds as matrix, downstream tank stromal surface plantation Canna generalis Bailey, up pond stromal surface plantation calamus.The water distributor homodisperse of sewage above the downstream tank hypothallus that is flowed into composite vertical current artificial wetland (IVCW) by water collecting basin enters downstream tank, under action of gravity, enter in the up pond from flowing through connectivity layer, collect the water outlet of water reuse in obtaining at last can be used as then by the header of up pond stromal surface.
Wherein, the DMBR unit is divided into bio-reactor and membrane module two portions.The cylindrical container that bio-reactor adopts polythene material to make, its scale is: diameter=400mm, height=550mm, useful volume is 62.8L.Reactor hits exactly apart from bottom 700mm place fixedly stirrer, and blade of stirrer is apart from bottom 150mm.The reactor water outlet is 250mm apart from the bottom.Fill active sludge (take from conventional B-grade sewage treatment plant returned sluge) in the reactor.Reactor is fixed on high on the shelf of 1200mm.Membrane module vertically is positioned over ground, and membrane module upper and lower ends vertical range is 650mm.The membrane module exterior tubular body is made cylindrical by synthetic glass, internal diameter is 1 00mm, and external diameter is 120mm; Adopt the tubular type inorganic ceramic film as material, film is long to be 500mm, and membrane area is 0.08m 2, membrane pore size is 10~100 μ m, and internal diameter is 40mm, and external diameter is 50mm.End distance body bottom is 100mm under the film body, is supported by the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate after the perforate; Last end distance body top 50mm.The two ends header uses the ABS pipe coupling to bio-reactor water outlet and wetland water inlet water collecting basin.The membrane module below is provided with boring aeration pipe and water-in.Aeration tube is the 45 ° of perforates in below tiltedly, and aperture 5mm is apart from reactor bottom 70mm; Water-in is apart from reactor bottom 50mm.
The IVCW unit is made of downstream tank and up pond: two ponds are the square glass cylinder of 420mm * 420mm, all insert unequigranular filler, the dark 38cm of downstream tank layer of sand, and the dark 30cm of up pond layer of sand, the centre is provided with dividing plate, and the bottom is communicated with; " H " type water distributor is set in the downstream tank layer of sand, " H " type header is set in the layer of sand of up pond.Plant Canna generalis Bailey and calamus respectively in downstream tank and the up pond.
Bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) unit and composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) unit all adopt water intake mode intermittently, the envrionment temperature of whole bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR)-composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) system (with the Wuhan Area is reference, annual 4~September) is controlled at 25~35 ℃.Treatment sewage adopts community life sewage to add that the artificial distribution mixes after water pump suction reactor, and corresponding main water-quality guideline sees Table 1, and the operational condition of the system under the different operating modes sees Table 2.
The main water-quality guideline of water inlet under the different operating modes of table 1
Figure G2009200840206D00041
The operational condition of the different operating modes of table 2
Advantage of the present utility model is:
1, with these two kinds of effective combination of sewage disposal technology, having solved the monotechnics treat effluent may problem not up to standard, make the sewage of final discharging can direct reuse, as green area irrigation, carwash, family flush the toilet, the road surface is cleaned, the moisturizing of view amusement, swimming pool etc.
2, the DMBR-IVCW combination process can require to select different array configurations at the water yield of different biological treatment operational conditions and different Ecological Disposal, reach distributing rationally of technology, reduced the cost of equal sewage disposal and reuse effectively, with low cost.
3, the DMBR-IVCW combination process not only is fit to the processing of sewage, also has the landscape planting effect concurrently.Be particularly useful for population concentrations such as biotope, simultaneously to the green percentage region that has certain requirements.Simultaneously, biological-ecological type combination purification technique more meets the environmental protection concept of green, health.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of biological-ecological combination process of sewage purification and block diagram of method of being used for;
Fig. 2 is a kind of device synoptic diagram that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification.
Wherein: A-water distribution/equalizing tank, B-bioreactor of dynamic membrane (DMBR), C-water collecting basin, D-composite vertical current artificial wetland (IVCW), 1-sewage, 2-sump pump, 3-water valve, 4-stirrer, the 5-membrane module, 6-under meter, 7-tensimeter, the 8-aerator, 9-wetland matrix, 10-wetland plant Canna generalis Bailey, 11-wetland plant calamus, 12-water outlet, 13-inorganic ceramic film, the 14-boring aeration pipe, 15-synthetic glass shell, 16 perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plates.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1 (as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2)
Under first kind of operating mode: adopt the method for this kind biological-ecological combination to dispose of sewage (main water-quality guideline sees Table 1), the steps include:
A. pending sewage 1 is through water distribution/equalizing tank A.Behind the formed artificial distribution's uniform mixing of dispensing in the pond (potassium primary phosphate takes by weighing by weight 17: 5: 3 ratios for glucose, urea), carry out the processing of next step, the pH regulator to 6 of sewage or 7 or 8 or 9.
B. unitary membrane module 5 rising pipes of bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) are connected to water collecting basin C import, the outlet of water collecting basin C connects the unitary water inlet pipe of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW), forms bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR)-composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) series combination pattern: promptly handled sewage all enters among the composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) after by bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) cell processing.
C. keep the unitary elementary operation condition of bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) to be: hydraulic detention time is 24h, and wherein the stirrer among the bio-reactor X stirs 22h, leaves standstill and filter water outlet through membrane module 5 to amount to 2h; Bio-reactor X volumetric loading is 0.03~0.27KgCOD/m 3D, the aeration rate when membrane module 5 is filtered is 0.3m 3/ h; Water outlet leading indicator COD, turbidity have good effect of removing, and B (DMBR) is to TP, TN, NH 3The removal effect of-N is undesirable.
D. keep the unitary elementary operation condition of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) to be: the wetland hydraulic detention time is 36h, and hydraulic load is 0.103m 3/ m 2D.
E. keep bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR), composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) two unitary envrionment temperatures are 25~35 ℃ in vegetation season.Water outlet COD, TN, TP, NH after composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) handles 3-N and turbidity etc. all reach emission standard and the middle water reuse standard of country-level A.
A kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combined method of sewage purification.This device comprises: water distribution/equalizing tank A, bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR), water collecting basin C, composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW), sump pump 2, the first, second, third, fourth, the 5th water valve 3-1,3-2,3-3,3-4,3-5, stirrer 4, membrane module 5, first, second under meter 6, first, second tensimeter 7, aerator 8, wetland matrix 9, wetland plant Canna generalis Bailey 10, wetland plant calamus 11.Its annexation is: bioreactor of dynamic membrane B links to each other with water distribution/equalizing tank A, water collecting basin C respectively, water collecting basin C links to each other with composite vertical current artificial wetland D, in water distribution/equalizing tank A, sump pump 2 is housed, sewage is (as Fig. 2) through the detailed process of above-mentioned A-B-C-D combined system: sewage 1 enters water distribution/equalizing tank A, is flowed among the bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) by first water intaking valve 3 controls through sump pump 2.Described bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) is mainly by bio-reactor X, several parts such as stirrer 4, membrane module 5, first, second under meter 6-1,6-2, first, second tensimeter 7-1,7-2, aerator 8 are formed, and wherein membrane module 5 mainly is made up of inorganic ceramic film 13, boring aeration pipe 14, synthetic glass shell 15 and perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 16 again.Bio-reactor X links to each other with sump pump 2 by the pipeline on the first water valve 3-1, stirrer 4 is housed in bio-reactor X, bio-reactor X is connected with the second under meter 6-2 by the second water valve 3-2, the second tensimeter 7-2 respectively with the second under meter 6-2, synthetic glass shell 15 links to each other, the 3rd water valve 3-3 respectively with first flow meter 6-1, boring aeration pipe 14 links to each other, the first tensimeter 7-1 links to each other with first flow meter 6-1 with aerator 8 respectively, bio-reactor X links to each other with synthetic glass shell 15 by pipeline, on the 4th water valve pipeline of 3-4 respectively with inorganic ceramic film 13, water collecting basin C links to each other, the pipeline on the 5th water valve 3-5 respectively with water collecting basin C, composite vertical current artificial wetland D links to each other.Described membrane module 5 is positioned at outside the bio-reactor X, and its water outlet and bio-reactor water outlet keep certain head to press.Described membrane module 5 is made up of inorganic ceramic film 13, boring aeration pipe 14, synthetic glass shell 15 and perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 16.Fixing boring aeration pipe 14 under the inorganic ceramic film 13 provides necessary oxygen by boring aeration pipe 14 when the membrane filtration for sewage.Boring aeration pipe 14 be fixed on perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 16 under, inorganic ceramic film 13 is placed on the perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 16.Oxygen is provided by aerator 8, the first tensimeter 7-1 and first flow meter 6-1 control aeration rate.Sewage is after the active sludge degraded, and after staticly settling 1h, supernatant liquor through water valve 3-2 water outlet, penetrates film from bio-reactor X under the effect of gravity.The oxygen that is provided by aerator 8 is used to wash away the film surface, effectively prevents the deposition of film surface mud, makes mixed solution be back among the bio-reactor X by membrane module 5 lateral water outlets on the other hand.Simultaneously, enter among the water collecting basin C by the water outlet water outlet directly over the membrane module 5, utilize flow by gravity to control, flow in the downstream tank of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) by water valve through the sewage after bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) cell processing.Composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) is made of two parts of downstream tank and up pond, establishes partition wall in the middle of two ponds, and the bottom communicates into connectivity layer, and the bottom also is provided with blow-down pipe.All insert thin river sand 9 in two ponds as matrix, downstream tank stromal surface plantation Canna generalis Bailey 10, up pond stromal surface plantation calamus 11.The water distributor homodisperse of sewage above the downstream tank hypothallus that is flowed into composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) by retention basin C enters downstream tank, under action of gravity, enter in the up pond from flowing through connectivity layer, collect the water outlet 12 of water reuse in obtaining at last can be used as then by the header of up pond stromal surface.
Experimental result shows:
1) when the unitary hydraulic detention time of DMBR be 24h, volumetric loading is controlled to be 0.03~0.27 KgCOD/m 3D, the aeration rate during to membrane filtration are 0.3m 3/ h, wetland hydraulic detention time are 36h, and hydraulic load is 0.103 m 3/ m 2D; Water outlet leading indicator COD, TN, TP, NH 3-N etc. can be stabilized in country-level A emission standard and the middle water reuse standard, turbidity≤3.95NTU;
2) under this integrated mode, DMBR as the second-stage treatment unit mainly can degradation of organic substances, remove the turbidity in the water inlet, reach certain clearance, for follow-up IVCW unit has reduced organic loading, but not obvious to the removal effect of nitrogen and phosphorus; IVCW based on denitrogenation dephosphorizing, further improves the clearance of system to all contaminations as the subsequent disposal unit, makes water outlet finally reach country-level A standard and middle water reuse standard.
3) under this operating mode, the accessible sewage quantity of this DMBR-IVCW system (according to the unitary size of DMBR, IVCW in the utility model content) is 30L/ days.
Embodiment 2 (as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2)
Under second kind of operating mode: adopt the method for this kind biological-ecological combination to dispose of sewage (main water-quality guideline sees Table 1), the steps include:
A. pending sewage 1 is through water distribution/equalizing tank A.Behind the formed artificial distribution's uniform mixing of dispensing in the pond (potassium primary phosphate takes by weighing by weight 17: 5: 3 ratios for glucose, urea), carry out the processing of next step, the pH regulator to 6 of sewage or 7 or 8 or 9.
B. bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) unit membrane assembly rising pipe is connected to water collecting basin C import, the outlet of water collecting basin C connects the unitary water inlet pipe of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW), forms bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR)-composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) series combination pattern: promptly handled sewage all enters among the composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) after by bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) cell processing.
C. keep the unitary elementary operation condition of bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) to be: hydraulic detention time is 12h, and wherein bio-reactor unit stirrer stirs 10h, leaves standstill and amounts to 2h through the membrane filtration water outlet; The reactor volume load is 0.06~0.64KgCOD/m 3D, the aeration rate during to membrane filtration are 0.3m 3/ h; Water outlet leading indicator COD, turbidity have good effect of removing, and B (DMBR) is to TP, TN, NH 3The removal effect of-N is undesirable.
D. keep the unitary elementary operation condition of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) to be: the wetland hydraulic detention time is 18h, and hydraulic load is 0.206m 3/ m 2D.
E. keep bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR), composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) two unitary envrionment temperatures are 25~35 ℃ in vegetation season.Water outlet COD, TN, TP, NH after composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) handles 3-N and turbidity etc. all reach emission standard and the middle water reuse standard of country-level A.
Experimental result shows:
1) when the unitary hydraulic detention time of DMBR be 12h, volumetric loading is controlled to be 0.06~0.64KgCOD/m 3D, the aeration rate during to membrane filtration are 0.3m 3/ h, wetland hydraulic detention time are 18h, and hydraulic load is 0.206m 3/ m 2D; Water outlet leading indicator COD, TN, TP, NH 3-N etc. can be stabilized in country-level A emission standard and the middle water reuse standard, turbidity≤2.47NTU;
2) under this integrated mode, the same with example 1, DMBR also is as the second-stage treatment unit, mainly is with the turbidity that removes in most COD material, the removal water inlet, has reduced the organic loading of IVCW unit water inlet simultaneously, but to TN, TN and NH 3The removal effect of-N is not obvious; IVCW, has complementary advantages with DMBR based on denitrogenation dephosphorizing as follow-up processing unit, makes water outlet finally reach country-level A standard and middle water reuse standard.
3) under this operating mode, the accessible sewage quantity of this DMBR-IVCW system (according to the unitary size of DMBR, IVCW in the utility model content) is 60L/ days.
Embodiment 3 (as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2)
Under the third operating mode: adopt the method for this kind biological-ecological combination to dispose of sewage (main water-quality guideline sees Table 1), the steps include:
A. pending sewage 1 is through water distribution/equalizing tank A.Behind the formed artificial distribution's uniform mixing of dispensing in the pond (potassium primary phosphate takes by weighing by weight 17: 5: 3 ratios for glucose, urea), carry out the processing of next step, the pH regulator to 6 of sewage or 7 or 8 or 9.
B. bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) unit membrane assembly rising pipe is connected to water collecting basin C import, the outlet of water collecting basin C connects the unitary water inlet pipe of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW), forms bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR)-composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) series combination pattern: promptly handled sewage all enters among the composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) after by bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) cell processing.
C. keep the unitary elementary operation condition of bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR) to be: hydraulic detention time is 6h, and wherein bio-reactor unit stirrer stirs 4h, leaves standstill and amounts to 2h through the membrane filtration water outlet; The reactor volume load is 0.09~1.05KgCOD/m 3D, the aeration rate during to membrane filtration are 0.6m 3/ h; Water outlet leading indicator COD, turbidity have good effect of removing, and B (DMBR) is to TP, TN, NH 3The removal effect of-N is undesirable.
D. keep the unitary elementary operation condition of composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) to be: the wetland hydraulic detention time is 9h, and hydraulic load is 0.309m 3/ m 2D.
E. keep bioreactor of dynamic membrane B (DMBR), composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) two unitary envrionment temperatures are 25~35 ℃ in vegetation season.Water outlet COD, TN, TP, NH after composite vertical current artificial wetland D (IVCW) handles 3-N and turbidity etc. all reach emission standard and the middle water reuse standard of country-level A.
Experimental result shows:
1) when the unitary hydraulic detention time of DMBR be 6h, volumetric loading is controlled to be 0.09~1.05KgCOD/m 3D, the aeration rate during to membrane filtration are 0.6m 3/ h, wetland hydraulic detention time are 9h, and hydraulic load is 0.309m 3/ m 2D; Water outlet leading indicator COD, TN, TP, NH 3-N etc. can be stabilized in country-level A emission standard and the middle water reuse standard, turbidity≤1.27NTU;
2) under this integrated mode, with the same in example 1 and the example 2, as a second-stage treatment unit, DMBR removes most COD material and turbidity in the water inlet, has reduced the organic loading of IVCW unit water inlet simultaneously, and to TN, TN and NH 3The removal effect of-N is not obvious; IVCW mainly is to be used for denitrogenation dephosphorizing as follow-up processing unit, has complementary advantages with DMBR, makes water outlet finally reach country-level A standard and middle water reuse standard.
3) under this operating mode, the accessible sewage quantity of this DMBR-IVCW system (according to the unitary size of DMBR, IVCW in the utility model content) is 90L/ days.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification, this device comprises water distribution/equalizing tank (A), bioreactor of dynamic membrane (B), water collecting basin (C), composite vertical current artificial wetland (D), it is characterized in that: bioreactor of dynamic membrane (B) links to each other with water distribution/equalizing tank (A), water collecting basin (C) respectively, water collecting basin (C) links to each other with composite vertical current artificial wetland (D), and sump pump (2) is housed in water distribution/equalizing tank (A).
2, a kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bioreactor of dynamic membrane (B) is by bio-reactor (X), stirrer (4), membrane module (5), first, second under meter (the 6-1,6-2), first, second tensimeter (the 7-1,7-2), aerator (8) is formed, bio-reactor (X) links to each other with sump pump (2) by the pipeline on first water valve (3-1), stirrer (4) is housed in bio-reactor (X), bio-reactor (X) is connected with second under meter (6-2) by second water valve (3-2), second tensimeter (7-2) respectively with second under meter (6-2), synthetic glass shell (15) links to each other, the 3rd water valve (3-3) respectively with first flow meter (6-1), boring aeration pipe (14) links to each other, first tensimeter (7-1) links to each other with first flow meter (6-1) with aerator (8) respectively, bio-reactor (X) links to each other with synthetic glass shell (15) by pipeline, on the 4th water valve pipeline of (3-4) respectively with inorganic ceramic film (13), water collecting basin (C) links to each other, the pipeline on the 5th water valve (3-5) respectively with water collecting basin (C), composite vertical current artificial wetland (D) links to each other.
3, a kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification according to claim 2, described membrane module (5) is positioned at outside the bio-reactor (X), membrane module (5) is made up of inorganic ceramic film (13), boring aeration pipe (14), synthetic glass shell (15) and perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate (16), the below of inorganic ceramic film (13) is boring aeration pipe (14) fixedly, boring aeration pipe (14) is fixed on the below of perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate (16), and inorganic ceramic film (13) is placed on the perforate poly (methyl methacrylate) plate (16).
4, a kind of device that is used for the biological-ecological combination of sewage purification according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the water outlet of described bio-reactor (X) links to each other with membrane module (5) water-in by pipeline, pipeline on the 4th water valve (3-4) links to each other with membrane module (5) water outlet, water collecting basin (C) water-in respectively, and the pipeline on the 5th water valve (3-5) links to each other with water collecting basin (C) water outlet, composite vertical current artificial wetland (D) water-in respectively.
CNU2009200840206U 2009-03-06 2009-03-06 Biological-zoological combination device for purifying dirty water Expired - Lifetime CN201367387Y (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102263279A (en) * 2011-07-06 2011-11-30 武汉理工大学 Microbial fuel cell device with artificial wetland aquatic plant electrodes
CN102432105A (en) * 2011-11-09 2012-05-02 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所 Method and device for efficiently denitriding and dephosphorizing underground percolation sewage
CN103396940A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-11-20 濮阳市海滨防腐保温有限公司 Novel ecological environmental protection device and application method
CN103419701A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-04 大连理工大学 Environment-friendly multifunctional motor home

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102263279A (en) * 2011-07-06 2011-11-30 武汉理工大学 Microbial fuel cell device with artificial wetland aquatic plant electrodes
CN102432105A (en) * 2011-11-09 2012-05-02 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所 Method and device for efficiently denitriding and dephosphorizing underground percolation sewage
CN103396940A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-11-20 濮阳市海滨防腐保温有限公司 Novel ecological environmental protection device and application method
CN103419701A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-04 大连理工大学 Environment-friendly multifunctional motor home

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