CN201365204Y - Single-stage and single-phase AC-DC converter based on LLC series resonance - Google Patents

Single-stage and single-phase AC-DC converter based on LLC series resonance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201365204Y
CN201365204Y CNU2009200504794U CN200920050479U CN201365204Y CN 201365204 Y CN201365204 Y CN 201365204Y CN U2009200504794 U CNU2009200504794 U CN U2009200504794U CN 200920050479 U CN200920050479 U CN 200920050479U CN 201365204 Y CN201365204 Y CN 201365204Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oxide
metal
semiconductor
phase
converter
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CNU2009200504794U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张波
肖文勋
张桂东
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华南理工大学
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Priority to CNU2009200504794U priority Critical patent/CN201365204Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B70/00Technologies for an efficient end-user side electric power management and consumption
    • Y02B70/10Technologies improving the efficiency by using switched-mode power supplies [SMPS], i.e. efficient power electronics conversion e.g. power factor correction or reduction of losses in power supplies or efficient standby modes

Abstract

The utility model provides a single-stage and single-phase AC-DC converter based on LLC series resonance, which includes a single-phase PFC link, a LLC series resonance DC-DC converter link, and an output filter capacitor C[O]. The single-phase PFC link and the LLC series resonance DC-DC converter link share a first MOS tube and a second MOS tube, realize input power factor correction and output voltage adjustment simultaneously through the switching work of the two MOS tubes, realize soft switching of all of the power devices, and have high efficiencies. A single-phase PFC converter and a DC-DC converter form the single-stage and single-phase AC-DC converter, and share a pair of MOS tubes. The utility model relates to a circuit dispensing with two input rectifier diodes, one switching tube and one freewheel diode, reduces the cost and the volume of the circuit, and is suitable for being used as an LCD power supply.

Description

Single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor based on the LLC series resonance
Technical field
The utility model relates to the AC-DC converter, relates in particular to a kind of single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor of realizing power factor correction and soft switch.
Background technology
Single-phase AC-DC converter with isolating transformer has been widely used in the power supplys such as LCD and LED.Traditional single-phase AC-DC converter directly connects the big electric capacity of energy storage behind the input rectifying bridge, cause that converter power factor is low, Harmonics of Input is big, and electrical network is polluted.In order to reduce the Harmonics of Input of single-phase AC-DC converter, improve input power factor, reduce the pollution of converter to electrical network, generally behind rectifier bridge, add one-level Active Power Factor Correction link.When single-phase AC-DC converter need be isolated, also to after the Active Power Factor Correction link, add the DC-DC converter of one-level band isolating transformer.Therefore, traditional single-phase AC-DC converter with isolating transformer is generally formed by the DC-DC converter combination of input rectifying bridge, Active Power Factor Correction link, band isolating transformer, as shown in Figure 1, the power tube that whole single-phase AC-DC converter uses is more, and through multi-stage transformation, cause bigger power loss, particularly switching loss.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the prior art above shortcomings, a kind of single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor based on the LLC series resonance is provided, the DC-DC converter of input rectifying bridge, Active Power Factor Correction link and band isolating transformer is integrated, the diode and the switching tube that are about to these three transform parts are integrated, thereby constitute new single-stage AC-DC converter, adopt the LLC series resonant tank to realize the soft switch of all power devices simultaneously.The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Based on the single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor of LLC series resonance, it comprises a Single-phase PFC link, LLC series resonant DC-DC converter link and output filter capacitor C O, described Single-phase PFC link is by an input inductance L, the first diode D 1With the second diode D 2, the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2With a storage capacitor C dConstitute; Described LLC series resonant DC-DC converter link is by above-mentioned two metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1, S 2, a resonant capacitance C r, one of transformer T, output rectifier diode D O1, output rectifier diode two D O2And be integrated in magnetizing inductance L among the described transformer T mWith leakage inductance L rConstitute; The shared first metal-oxide-semiconductor S of described Single-phase PFC link and LLC series resonant DC-DC converter link 1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2, and realize simultaneously that by the switch operating of these two metal-oxide-semiconductors input power factor is proofreaied and correct and the output voltage adjusting.
In the above-mentioned single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor based on the LLC series resonance, the input rectifying bridge of Single-phase PFC converter is by the first diode D 1, the second diode D 2, the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2Constitute; One end of single phase alternating current power supply is by the input inductance L and the first diode D 1Anode, the second diode D 2Negative electrode connect; Direct and the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S of the other end of single phase alternating current power supply 1Source electrode, the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2Drain electrode connect, and then be connected with the end of the same name of transformer T; Storage capacitor C dAn end and the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1Drain electrode, the first diode D 1Negative electrode connect; Storage capacitor C dThe other end and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2Source electrode, the second diode D 2Anode connect, and then with resonant capacitance C rAn end connect resonant capacitance C rThe other end be connected with the different name end of transformer T.
The utlity model has following advantage and effect: Single-phase PFC converter and DC-DC converter constitute single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor jointly.The shared a pair of metal-oxide-semiconductor S of Single-phase PFC converter and DC-DC converter 1And S 2Single-phase two-stage AC-DC converter with respect to traditional Boost PFC+LLC series resonant DC-DC converter formation, the circuit that this utility model relates to has saved two input rectifying diodes, a switching tube and a fly-wheel diode, has reduced the cost and the volume of circuit.The utility model adopts the LLC resonant technology to realize metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1And S 2Zero voltage switch, and rectifier diode D O1And D O2Zero-current switching, all power devices are all realized soft switch in the circuit, thereby greatly reduce the switching loss of this utility model circuit.The utility model is suitable as the LCD power supply.With respect to the multistage AC-DC converter of traditional band isolating transformer, circuit structure of the present utility model is simple, and power device is less, and control circuit is simple, the efficient height.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is traditional single-phase AC-DC converter circuit figure with isolating transformer.
Fig. 2 is the practical circuit figure in the utility model execution mode, among the figure, and D S1And C S1Be respectively metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1Body diode and body capacitance, D S2And C S2Be respectively metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2Body diode and body capacitance;
Fig. 3 is at different time stage (t in the utility model execution mode 0~t 9) the operation principle schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 a~Fig. 4 i is operation mode (Va>0) schematic diagram that corresponds respectively to different phase in the execution mode;
Fig. 5 a, Fig. 5 b are two kinds of operation mode schematic diagrames of input power supply Va in the execution mode<0 o'clock.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.The circuit that the utility model relates to comprises:
A Single-phase PFC converter, it is by an input inductance L, two diode D 1And D 2, two metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1And S 2, a storage capacitor C dConstitute;
A LLC series resonant DC-DC converter, it is by two metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1And S 2, a resonant capacitance C r, a transformer T and integrated magnetizing inductance Lm and leakage inductance Lr, two output rectifier diode D thereof O1And D O2Constitute;
An output filter capacitor C O
With reference to figure 2, input inductance L, diode D 1And D 2, metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1And S 2, storage capacitor C dConstitute the Single-phase PFC converter; Metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1And S 2, resonant capacitance C r, transformer T and integrated magnetizing inductance Lm and leakage inductance Lr, output rectifier diode D O1And D O2Constitute the LLC series resonant DC-DC converter; Shared two the metal-oxide-semiconductor S of Single-phase PFC converter and LLC series resonant DC-DC converter 1And S 2Single phase alternating current power supply V aAn end by input inductance L and diode D 1Anode, diode D 2Negative electrode connect; Single phase alternating current power supply V aThe other end directly and metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1Source electrode, metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2Drain electrode connect, and then be connected with the end of the same name of transformer; Storage capacitor C dAn end and metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1Drain electrode, diode D 1Negative electrode connect; Storage capacitor C dThe other end and metal-oxide-semiconductor S 2Source electrode, diode D 2Anode connect, and then with resonant capacitance C rAn end connect; Resonant capacitance C rThe other end be connected with the different name end of transformer T.
Fig. 3 has provided operation principle of the present utility model, and Figure 4 and 5 have provided operation mode of the present utility model.During the circuit steady operation, the course of work of the present utility model is as follows:
(1) when input power supply Va>0, operation principle and operation mode are respectively shown in Fig. 3 and 4.
Stage 1 (t 0~t 1), as Fig. 4 a:t 0Moment metal-oxide-semiconductor S 1And S 2Turn-off inductance L mCurrent i LmWith resonance current i LrEquate transformer primary side current i pBe zero, output is exported rectifier diode D by transformer isolation O1And D O2Instead end output capacitance C partially ODischarge and powering load.Resonance current i LrTo S 2Body capacitance C S2Charging is S simultaneously 1Body capacitance C S1Discharge.t 1 'Constantly, work as C S1Terminal voltage V CS1During less than input voltage Va, input diode D 1The beginning conducting, inductance L is at voltage (Va-V CS1) charging down.Work as C S1When discharge finishes, S 1On body diode D S1Conducting, stage 1 operating state finishes.
Stages 2 (t 1~t 2), as Fig. 4 b:t 1Constantly, S 2Turn-off body diode D S1Conducting is S 1The ZVS conducting create conditions.Export rectifier diode D this moment O1Conducting, transformer primary side voltage is clamped at nV O, L mIn this voltage lower linear charging, do not participate in resonance, i p=i Lr-i LmInductance L is charged in input voltage Va lower linear.When resonance current iLr rose to 0, stages 2 operating state finished.
Stages 3 (t 2~t 3), as Fig. 4 c:S 1Added gate electrode drive signals 1 o'clock stage, at t 2Constantly, resonance current i LrBy negative timing, the S of becoming 1Forward conduction, inductance L continue in the charging of input voltage Va lower linear, output rectifier diode D O1Conducting, transformer primary side voltage is clamped at nV O, Lm does not participate in resonance in this voltage lower linear charging, and energy is by V CdBe delivered to V OWork as i LmEqual resonance current i LrThe time, the stage 3 finishes.
Stages 4 (t 3~t 4), as Fig. 4 d:t 3Constantly, i LmEqual resonance current i Lr, L mParticipate in resonance, output rectifier diode D O1Instead end output capacitance C partially ODischarge and powering load.Inductance L continues to charge in input voltage Va lower linear.
Stages 5 (t 4~t 5), as Fig. 4 e:t 4Constantly, S 1And S 2Turn-off output rectifier diode D O1And D O2Instead end output capacitance C partially ODischarge and powering load, resonance current i LrTo body capacitance C S1Charging is body capacitance C simultaneously S2Discharge.t 5 'Constantly, work as C S1Terminal voltage V CS1During greater than input voltage Va, inductance L is at voltage (V CS1-Va) discharge down.Work as C S2When discharge finishes, S 2On body diode D S2Conducting, stages 5 operating state finishes.
Stages 6 (t 5~t 6), as Fig. 4 f:t 5Constantly, body diode D S2Conducting is S 2The ZVS conducting create conditions.Inductance L is at voltage V CdFollowing discharge is also given storage capacitor C dCharging.Export rectifier diode D this moment O2Conducting, transformer primary side voltage is clamped at-nVO L mIn this voltage lower linear charging, do not participate in resonance, i p=i Lr-i LmAs resonance current i LrDrop at 0 o'clock, stages 6 operating state finishes.
Stages 7 (t 6~t 7), as Fig. 4 g:S 2Added gate electrode drive signals 6 o'clock stages, at t 6Constantly, resonance current i LrWhen just becoming negative, S 2Forward conduction, output rectifier diode D O2Conducting, transformer primary side voltage is clamped at-nV O, L mIn the charging of this voltage lower linear, do not participate in resonance, the resonance current L that flows through mWith the transformer primary side, deliver power to V OInductance L is at voltage V CdFollowing discharge is also given storage capacitor C dCharging is as inductive current i LWhen dropping to zero, D 1Instead end partially, the stage 7 finishes.
Stages 8 (t 7~t 8), as Fig. 4 h:t 7Constantly, inductive current i LWhen dropping to zero, D 1Instead end partially, resonance current continues the L that flows through mWith the transformer primary side, deliver power to V OWork as i LmEqual resonance current i LrThe time, the stage 8 finishes.
Stages 9 (t 8~t 9), as Fig. 4 i:t 8Constantly, i LmEqual resonance current i Lr, L mParticipate in resonance, output rectifier diode D O2Instead end output capacitance C partially ODischarge and powering load.
(2) when input power supply Va<0, work wave as shown in Figure 5.
When input power supply Va<0, the operation mode of circuit working mode and input power supply Va>0 o'clock is approximate.Different is to work as S 1Turn-off and S 2During conducting, inductance L is seen Fig. 5 a in the charging of input voltage Va lower linear; Work as S 1Conducting and S 2During shutoff, inductance L is seen Fig. 5 b in the discharge of input voltage Va lower linear.
For verifying the power factor of the single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor based on the LLC series resonance of the present utility model Calibration capability and voltage-regulation performance, we have carried out relevant experiment, and adopt frequency conversion control technique that this circuit is advanced Row control. Experimental result shows that power factor and efficient reach respectively 99% and 94%. With respect to traditional band every From the multistage AC-DC converter of transformer, circuit structure of the present utility model is simple, and power device is less, control Circuit processed is simple, the efficient height.

Claims (3)

1,, it is characterized in that comprising a Single-phase PFC link, LLC series resonant DC-DC converter link and output filter capacitor (C based on the single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor of LLC series resonance O), described Single-phase PFC link is by an input inductance (L), the first diode (D 1) and the second diode (D 2), the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 1) and metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 2) and a storage capacitor (C d) constitute; Described LLC series resonant DC-DC converter link is by above-mentioned two metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 1, S 2), a resonant capacitance (C r), a transformer (T), output one of rectifier diode (D O1) and it (D of output rectifier diode O2) constitute; The shared first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S of described Single-phase PFC link and LLC series resonant DC-DC converter link 1) and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 2), and realize simultaneously that by the switch operating of these two metal-oxide-semiconductors input power factor is proofreaied and correct and the output voltage adjusting.
2, the single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor based on the LLC series resonance according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the input rectifying bridge of Single-phase PFC converter is by first diode (D1), the second diode (D 2) the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 1) and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 2) constitute; One end of single phase alternating current power supply is by the input inductance (L) and the first diode (D 1) anode, the second diode (D 2) negative electrode connect; Direct and the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S of the other end of single phase alternating current power supply 1) source electrode, metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 2) drain electrode connect, and then be connected with the end of the same name of transformer (T); Storage capacitor (C d) an end and the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 1) drain electrode, the first diode (D 1) negative electrode connect; Storage capacitor (C d) the other end and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S 2) source electrode, the second diode (D 2) anode connect, and then with resonant capacitance (C r) an end connect resonant capacitance (C r) the other end be connected with the different name end of transformer (T).
3, the single-stage single-phase AC-DC convertor based on the LLC series resonance according to claim 1 is characterized in that described transformer (T) is integrated with magnetizing inductance (L m) and leakage inductance (L r).
CNU2009200504794U 2009-01-20 2009-01-20 Single-stage and single-phase AC-DC converter based on LLC series resonance CN201365204Y (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102510610A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-06-20 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Single-stage AC-DC (alternating current-direct current) high-power LED (light-emitting diode) lighting drive circuit
CN103270684A (en) * 2010-12-22 2013-08-28 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 Power converter device for driving solid state lighting load
US20130257392A1 (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-10-03 Delta Electronics, Inc. Power factor correction circuit
TWI463771B (en) * 2010-08-27 2014-12-01 Univ Nat Cheng Kung Llc resonant converting system with continuous-current-mode power-factor-correction
US9271349B2 (en) 2010-12-21 2016-02-23 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Device and method for controlling current to solid state lighting circuit
CN107041036A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-08-11 福州大学 A kind of single-stage LED drive circuit of integrated bridgeless Boost and LLC circuits
CN107769553A (en) * 2016-08-16 2018-03-06 联发科技股份有限公司 Circuit for power conversion and its operating method
CN107994789A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-04 浙江大学 A kind of isolated form integrated form AC-DC converter based on non-bridge PFC and LLC resonance
CN108448913A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-24 浙江大学 A kind of isolated form AC-DC converter of the single stage type based on crisscross parallel non-bridge PFC circuits and LLC resonance
CN108900100A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-11-27 浙江大学 A kind of single-phase high efficiency high frequency isolated form rectifier

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI463771B (en) * 2010-08-27 2014-12-01 Univ Nat Cheng Kung Llc resonant converting system with continuous-current-mode power-factor-correction
US9271349B2 (en) 2010-12-21 2016-02-23 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Device and method for controlling current to solid state lighting circuit
CN103270684A (en) * 2010-12-22 2013-08-28 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 Power converter device for driving solid state lighting load
CN103270684B (en) * 2010-12-22 2016-04-27 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 For driving the power converter device of solid-state illumination load
US9163815B2 (en) 2010-12-22 2015-10-20 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Power converter device for driving solid state lighting load
CN102510610B (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-04-02 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Single-stage AC-DC (alternating current-direct current) high-power LED (light-emitting diode) lighting drive circuit
CN102510610A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-06-20 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Single-stage AC-DC (alternating current-direct current) high-power LED (light-emitting diode) lighting drive circuit
US20130257392A1 (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-10-03 Delta Electronics, Inc. Power factor correction circuit
CN107769553A (en) * 2016-08-16 2018-03-06 联发科技股份有限公司 Circuit for power conversion and its operating method
CN107041036A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-08-11 福州大学 A kind of single-stage LED drive circuit of integrated bridgeless Boost and LLC circuits
CN107041036B (en) * 2017-04-27 2018-12-25 福州大学 A kind of single-stage LED drive circuit of integrated bridgeless Boost and LLC circuit
CN107994789A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-04 浙江大学 A kind of isolated form integrated form AC-DC converter based on non-bridge PFC and LLC resonance
CN108448913A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-24 浙江大学 A kind of isolated form AC-DC converter of the single stage type based on crisscross parallel non-bridge PFC circuits and LLC resonance
CN108900100A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-11-27 浙江大学 A kind of single-phase high efficiency high frequency isolated form rectifier

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