CN201365196Y - Device for collecting power from high-voltage cable - Google Patents

Device for collecting power from high-voltage cable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201365196Y
CN201365196Y CNU2009200670667U CN200920067066U CN201365196Y CN 201365196 Y CN201365196 Y CN 201365196Y CN U2009200670667 U CNU2009200670667 U CN U2009200670667U CN 200920067066 U CN200920067066 U CN 200920067066U CN 201365196 Y CN201365196 Y CN 201365196Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
voltage
circuit
current transformer
current
energy
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Application number
CNU2009200670667U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔德武
丁鹏
忻正荣
易军
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上海慧东电气设备有限公司
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Priority to CNU2009200670667U priority Critical patent/CN201365196Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201365196Y publication Critical patent/CN201365196Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a device for directly collecting power from a high-voltage cable, which can directly collect electric energy from the high-voltage side primary bus current through a current transformer. The device comprises a current transformer, a high voltage protection circuit, a rectifier bridge, an energy release circuit, a voltage-stabilizing block and a filter circuit. The arrangement of the high voltage protection circuit between the current transformer and the rectifier bridge greatly reduces the induced voltage applied on the rectifier bridge and restricts the current output from the current transformer, achieves the effects of stabilizing the voltage and protecting the subsequent circuit, and successfully solves the power supply problem of the high-voltage side active electronic equipment.

Description

A kind of device from the high-tension cable power taking
[technical field]
The utility model relates to a kind of electricity getting device, refers in particular to that a kind of (CT is CurrentTransformer) from the device of high-tension cable power taking by current transformer.
[background technology]
The terminal of high-tension cable often be difficult to obtain the required low-voltage power supply of system acquisition terminal works, so the supply of acquisition terminal power supply becomes a main problem of system design in the open air usually or unattended zone.If no safe and reliable power supply just can't guarantee acquisition terminal data and transmission accurately and reliably.
At present, open-air low-voltage equipment electric energy obtains main by following several method:
1. utilize current transformer power taking energy from the bus:
Utilize current transformer from the bus power taking can the typical circuit basic ideas be that get nearby can, utilize special current transformer induced voltage from the bus, after the processing of subsequent conditioning circuits such as rectification, filtering, voltage stabilizing, offer the necessary power supply of high-pressure side electronic circuit.Adopt this method to face two difficulties: when being in little current status such as zero load when bus current, how to guarantee the regular supply of power supply; And be in current state when bus, or even during short-circuit current, give power panel enough protections again above rated current.
2. utilize capacitor voltage divider power taking energy from the bus:
Utilizing the thought of high-voltage capacitive divider power taking energy to be similar to current transformer power taking energy, all is the idea of drawing materials nearby.Yet adopt this method be faced with can be bigger than current transformer power taking difficulty, at first be how to guarantee to get can circuit and the follow-up work circuit between the electrical isolation problem, this requires more strict overvoltage protection and EMC Design; Next is exactly that this method has multiple factors such as more source of error temperature, stray capacitance all will influence the performance of this method.Therefore stability and the reliability of obtaining power supply are poor than current transformer power taking energy method.
3. laser energy supply:
The basic principles of laser energy supply adopts laser or other light sources by optical fiber light energy to be sent to hot side from low potential side, by electrooptical device (photocell) light energy is converted to electric flux again, through stable power output is provided after the DC-DC conversion.Advantage is that power supply is more stable, and ripple is little, and noise is low.This method weak point is, because the restriction of Stimulated Light power output, the particularly influence of photocell conversion efficiency, the finite energy that this method provides, therefore little power consumption designing requirement has been proposed the high-pressure side circuit, strengthen the difficulty of circuit design, compared preceding two kinds of method design cost height simultaneously.
4. solar powered:
The accumulative experience of research and development for many years of solar cell is that the field equipment power supply becomes possibility.The weak point of this method is the out-put supply instability, and this is to be determined by the intrinsic defective of solar cell, is subject to the influence of factors such as light intensity, ambient temperature variation, seasonal variations; Be exactly the conversion efficiency problem of solar cell in addition, make the finite energy that this method provides, thereby limited its application; Design cost is higher simultaneously also is a factor that limits its extensive use.
5. storage battery power supply:
This method adopts storage battery that field equipment is powered, the energy of battery is from the high voltage bus electric current, be connected on the current transformer of the process particular design on the bus or the ac charging power supply that capacitor voltage divider constitutes storage battery, through after voltage stabilizing and the rectification battery being charged.The advantage that adopts this method be simple in structure, implement than being easier to, but the life-span of storage battery is shorter, and owing to be placed on the high-pressure side, changes the comparison difficulty, therefore seldom is used in the middle of practical application.Generally speaking, this energy-provision way all is used as the assist type power supply, this mode summation current transformer energy supply is combined the high-pressure side is powered, and starts storage battery and carry out energy supply under the smaller situation of bus current, both learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses, and have obtained satisfied effect.But adopt such method also having many problems aspect manufacturing cost and the reliability.
As seen from the above analysis, utilize current transformer power taking from the bus can mainly exist when the cable running current is too small, the electric energy of being got can not be satisfied the demand, and problem how to protect electricity getting device when electric current is excessive; Utilizing capacitor voltage divider power taking from the bus mainly to exist and getting is the stability and the integrity problem of electricity getting device; The problem of the finite energy that laser output power is little, the photocell conversion efficiency is low, provide mainly is provided in the laser energy supply; The solar powered out-put supply that mainly exists is unstable and be subjected to the big problem of weather effect; The problem that the storage battery power supply master is relatively shorter in the life-span that has storage battery and replacing is relatively more difficult.Data collection station electric power thus supplied from present on-line monitoring system for high voltage cable, therefore adopt above-mentioned several method all to have certain problem, press for and a kind ofly can directly obtain enough electric energy from the cable and can guarantee reliable, safe electricity getting device again.
[summary of the invention]
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to obtain needed safe and reliable enough electric energy from high-tension cable.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model proposes following technical scheme:
A kind of device from the high-tension cable power taking comprises current transformer, high tension protection circuit; rectifier bridge; the energy leadage circuit, regulator block, filter circuit; current transformer is enclosed within on the high-tension cable; high tension protection circuit is connected on the current transformer, and rectifier bridge is connected on the high tension protection circuit, and the energy leadage circuit is connected on the rectifier bridge; regulator block is connected on the energy leadage circuit, and filter circuit is connected on the regulator block.
Further, high tension protection circuit is anti-surge and voltage-limiting protection circuit, and it comprises piezo-resistance, discharge tube, wave arrestment resistance and bi-directional voltage stabilizing pipe.
Further, the energy leadage circuit comprises voltage stabilizing didoe, biasing resistor, Schottky diode, MOS switching tube and bleeder resistance.
Compared with prior art, the functional structure of electricity getting device described in the utility model is reasonable, easy to use, have that starting current is little, accommodation is wide, safe and reliable, price is low, long service life, avoid characteristics such as maintenance, this device overcomes when the cable running current hour is got less than enough electric energy, big electric current effectively can't limit excess energy, and get the high-pressure sharp pulse that produces when can coil saturated to problems such as regulator rectifier circuit damage, the power supply of stability and safety is provided for the high-pressure side active equipment.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 utilizes current transformer to obtain the fundamental diagram of electric energy from bus.
Fig. 2 is high tension protection circuit figure.
Fig. 3 is energy leadage circuit figure.
[embodiment]
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises from the device of high-tension cable power taking: current transformer 1, high tension protection circuit 2, rectifier bridge 3, energy leadage circuit 4, regulator block 5, filter circuit 6.High tension protection circuit 2 comprises anti-surge and voltage-limiting protection circuit.Current transformer 1 is enclosed within on the high-tension cable; utilize electromagnetic induction principle to obtain electric energy; through anti-surge and voltage-limiting protection circuit the electric energy of exporting is in the safe range; through rectifier bridge 3 AC rectification is become direct current; energy leadage circuit 4 discharges unnecessary electric energy and avoids the too high damage regulator block 5 of induced voltage simultaneously; and keep needed electric energy and supply with regulator block 5; regulator block 5 is stablized into needed voltage with voltage, and last wave circuit after filtration 6 reduces the quality that ripple improves direct voltage.
Current transformer 1:
Current transformer 1 comprises iron core and the coil that becomes circle on the iron core.
For given load, guarantee that the minimum bus current of power work is called the starting current I of power supply.In the selection course of current transformer core material, it is as far as possible little at first will to consider to make the starting current of electricity getting device, and for example, in the application of electronic current mutual inductor, the starting current that requires power supply is several peaces.Therefore require to select for use the magnetic material of high magnetic permeability and low saturation induction density to make, help improving the power output under the starting current state.That can avoid simultaneously current transformer temperature rises under degree of depth saturation condition is too high.In the insulation of strengthening on the technology between current transformer turn-to-turn and circle and iron core, improve the fail safe and the reliability of system in addition.
Simultaneously, bus current arrives under the state of tens of kilo-amperes big, and iron core will be issued to saturated at as far as possible little electric current, and then suppresses the power output of power current transformer, therefore will select the lower iron core of saturation induction density for use according to above principle.
Selection magnetic permeability height, the low permalloy of saturation induction degree is as the iron core of current transformer.
High tension protection circuit 2:
High tension protection circuit is made up of anti-surge and voltage-limiting protection circuit.
Anti-surge and voltage-limiting protection circuit as shown in Figure 2, when big voltage or heavy current impact occurring, piezo-resistance MOV1 with voltage limit in 470V, discharge tube GDT1 further with voltage limit in 90V; During when big voltage occurring but less than 470V, discharge tube GDT1 with voltage limit in 90V.Resistance R 1, R2, R3, R4 will play the effect of smoothing current, reduce voltage fluctuation, through behind three voltage-stabiliser tube TVS1, TVS2, the TVS3 voltage being stabilized in the 51V, stablize level and smooth voltage for full-wave rectification provides again.
Rectifier bridge 3:
Adopt general four end full-wave rectification bridge-type circuit.
Energy leadage circuit 4:
The energy leadage circuit as shown in Figure 3, when A point voltage during less than 33V, voltage-stabiliser tube Z1 is failure to actuate, metal-oxide-semiconductor Q1 disconnects, electric current I 2=I1, I3=I4=0, electric current I 1 charges directly for the electric capacity of Voltage stabilizing module input; When A point voltage during more than or equal to 33V, the voltage at voltage-stabiliser tube Z1 action and voltage-stabiliser tube two ends is stabilized in 33V.The threshold voltage V of Q1 B=V A-33, work as V BDuring<4V, promptly the A point voltage is less than 37V, and metal-oxide-semiconductor Q1 disconnects, electric current I 2=I1, and I3=0, electric current I 1 is directly given the electric capacity charging of Voltage stabilizing module input; Work as V BDuring>=4V, metal-oxide-semiconductor Q1 conducting, electric current I 3 is greater than 0, and electric current I 2=I1-I3 plays shunting action, and the electric current I 2 after the shunting is given the electric capacity charging of Voltage stabilizing module input, makes the not overvoltage of Voltage stabilizing module input, thereby has protected Voltage stabilizing module.
Regulator block 5:
Selected a kind of efficient, high pressure, voltage-dropping type Voltage stabilizing module LM2575 for use, had high conversion efficiency and wide input range, high conversion efficiency helps further reducing starting current, and the primary current scope that wide input range can be worked power supply is bigger.
Filter circuit 6:
Adopt the LC low-pass filtering to add the continuous energy of multistage electric capacity.
Obtain electric energy through behind the said apparatus from high-tension cable, can export the direct current of required stability and safety abundance, use for the high-pressure side active equipment.

Claims (3)

1. device from the high-tension cable power taking; it is characterized in that: comprise current transformer (1); high tension protection circuit (2); rectifier bridge (3); energy leadage circuit (4); regulator block (5); filter circuit (6); current transformer (1) is enclosed within on the high-tension cable; high tension protection circuit (2) is connected on the current transformer (1), and rectifier bridge (3) is connected on the high tension protection circuit (2), and energy leadage circuit (4) is connected on the rectifier bridge (3); regulator block (5) is connected on the energy leadage circuit (4), and filter circuit (6) is connected on the regulator block (5).
2. a kind of device from the high-tension cable power taking as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described high tension protection circuit (2) is anti-surge and voltage-limiting protection circuit, and it comprises piezo-resistance, discharge tube, wave arrestment resistance and bi-directional voltage stabilizing pipe.
3. a kind of device from the high-tension cable power taking as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: energy leadage circuit (4) comprises voltage stabilizing didoe, biasing resistor, Schottky diode, MOS switching tube and bleeder resistance.
CNU2009200670667U 2009-01-16 2009-01-16 Device for collecting power from high-voltage cable CN201365196Y (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101478183B (en) * 2009-01-16 2011-05-11 上海慧东电气设备有限公司 Apparatus and method for obtaining electricity from high voltage electric cable
CN102064720A (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-05-18 南京因泰莱电器股份有限公司 Automatic energy obtaining power supply with online monitoring function
CN102364819A (en) * 2011-11-02 2012-02-29 丽水电业局 Power supply apparatus taking leakage current of disk insulator as energy
CN102545688A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-04 中国电力科学研究院 Power pulse generation device, drive method, and high-voltage wire electricity getting method
CN103036455A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-04-10 威胜集团有限公司 Three-phase online power-obtaining device for distribution networks
CN103872787A (en) * 2012-12-11 2014-06-18 江苏省电力公司连云港供电公司 Novel high-voltage-side inductive-electricity-taking power-supply device
CN104242685A (en) * 2014-09-29 2014-12-24 江苏农林职业技术学院 Ship-lock type switching power supply
CN105515219A (en) * 2014-12-05 2016-04-20 浙江图维电力科技有限公司 Current transformer-based series resonance electricity-acquiring DC source
CN105605628A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-05-25 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Surge suppression circuit and microwave oven
CN106356824A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-01-25 天津百利机械装备研究院有限公司 220KV current transformer electricity-using overcurrent protection circuit

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101478183B (en) * 2009-01-16 2011-05-11 上海慧东电气设备有限公司 Apparatus and method for obtaining electricity from high voltage electric cable
CN102064720A (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-05-18 南京因泰莱电器股份有限公司 Automatic energy obtaining power supply with online monitoring function
CN102364819A (en) * 2011-11-02 2012-02-29 丽水电业局 Power supply apparatus taking leakage current of disk insulator as energy
CN102364819B (en) * 2011-11-02 2013-08-07 丽水电业局 Power supply apparatus taking leakage current of disk insulator as energy
CN102545688A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-04 中国电力科学研究院 Power pulse generation device, drive method, and high-voltage wire electricity getting method
CN102545688B (en) * 2011-12-12 2015-04-01 中国电力科学研究院 Power pulse generation device, drive method, and high-voltage wire electricity getting method
CN103872787B (en) * 2012-12-11 2015-12-23 江苏省电力公司连云港供电公司 A kind of novel high-pressure side induction power taking supply unit
CN103872787A (en) * 2012-12-11 2014-06-18 江苏省电力公司连云港供电公司 Novel high-voltage-side inductive-electricity-taking power-supply device
CN103036455A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-04-10 威胜集团有限公司 Three-phase online power-obtaining device for distribution networks
CN104242685A (en) * 2014-09-29 2014-12-24 江苏农林职业技术学院 Ship-lock type switching power supply
CN105515219A (en) * 2014-12-05 2016-04-20 浙江图维电力科技有限公司 Current transformer-based series resonance electricity-acquiring DC source
CN105605628A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-05-25 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Surge suppression circuit and microwave oven
CN105605628B (en) * 2016-03-30 2018-06-19 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Surge restraint circuit and micro-wave oven
CN106356824A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-01-25 天津百利机械装备研究院有限公司 220KV current transformer electricity-using overcurrent protection circuit

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Granted publication date: 20091216