CN201364641Y - Wireless remote control switch system - Google Patents

Wireless remote control switch system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201364641Y
CN201364641Y CNU2009200788476U CN200920078847U CN201364641Y CN 201364641 Y CN201364641 Y CN 201364641Y CN U2009200788476 U CNU2009200788476 U CN U2009200788476U CN 200920078847 U CN200920078847 U CN 200920078847U CN 201364641 Y CN201364641 Y CN 201364641Y
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structure
control
signal
power supply
load
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CNU2009200788476U
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陈金鹰
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成都英泰力科技有限公司
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Abstract

Disclosed is a wireless remote control switch system, which consists of a signal sending unit and a signal receiving control unit; wherein the signal sending unit is provided with a transducer structure, a switch coding structure and a signal sending structure; the transducer structure can provide working power; the switch coding structure can be used for identity or address coding; the signal receiving control unit is provided with a power supply structure, a wireless signal receiving structure and a load circuit control structure; the power supply structure is connected with an external power supply; the load circuit control structure is controlled by the signal receiving control unit and is arranged in the external power supply and a load power supply circuit used for controlling the load power supply. The signal sending unit in the system is a passive structure which does not need a battery to provide working power. The wireless remote control switch system has the advantages that the on-off control for the load power supply can be realized as well as the regulation and control for the power supply circuit current, the system can be used for normal lighting, various electrical appliances loading and occasions of difficult wiring, and can achieve remote control for the power supply and remote blasting in the zones of high altitude, waters, high-voltage power supply, blasting zone and poisonous gas which people are hard to contact or reach, and the power switch in other dangerous zones.

Description

无线遥控开关系统 Wireless remote control switch system

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种无线遥控开关系统,更具体讲是一种无源的无线遥控电源开关,可实现对各种交流供电电路的通断和/或对供电回路电流强度大小进行控制的开关系统。 The present invention relates to a wireless remote control switching system, and more specifically is a passive wireless remote control power switch-off can be realized on the various AC power supply circuit and / or the switching system for controlling the size of the power supply circuit amperage .

背景技术 Background technique

常见的交流供电控制开关可有有线控制开关和无线控制开关之分。 Common AC power supply switch control switch may be wired and wireless control switch points. 有线控制开关需借助布放相应的导线将开关与交流电负载连接在一起,这种布线施工需要消耗材料和人工。 Laying cable requires the use of control switch corresponding wires connected to the AC load switch, such a wiring construction consumes material and labor. 而传统的采用有源无线遥控器控制的交流供电控制开关,其遥控器工作需要电池供电,不仅经常会因电池蓄电用完后不能继续工作及更换电池带来麻烦,而且被丢弃的废旧电池还易构成对环境的污染。 The traditional AC power supply switch of the active wireless remote control, the remote control needs to work on battery power, often only cause trouble due to electric storage battery is exhausted and can not continue to work to replace the battery, and is discarded used batteries Yi also constitute environmental pollution. 此外,其在对电源进行开关控制时,也难以对流过负载回路的电流大小进行控制,在不需要大电流的情况下也造成了电能的浪费。 Further, when it performs switching control of the power, it is difficult to size of the load current flowing through the control loop, without the need for large current also causes a waste of energy.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

针对上述情况,本实用新型提供一种无源的无线遥控开关系统,可实现对各种交流供电电路的通断控制,和/或对供电回路的电流大小进行控制的遥控开关系统。 For the above, the present invention provides a passive remote wireless switching system can be realized on a variety of on-off control of the AC power supply circuit, and / or current magnitude of the power supply circuit of the remotely controlled switching system.

本实用新型无线遥控开关系统的结构,包括有信号发送单元和信号接收控制单元两部分结构,其中的信号发送单元中有用于提供工作电能的换能结构,以及分别由换能结构提供电能进行身份或地址编码的开关编码结构,和将其所形成的身份或地址编码以及对负载电源开关的控制信号经天线发送出去的信号发送结构;信号接收控制单元中有与外电源连接的供电结构,以及分别由其提供工作电能进行工作的无线信号接收结构和受其控制并设置在外电源与负载供电回路中用于对负载供电进行控制的负载回路控制结构。 Structure of the present invention, the wireless remote control switch system comprising the signal transmission unit and the signal reception control unit two-part structure, the signal transmitting unit which has a transducer structure for supplying operating power, and are powered by a transducer structure Identity address coding switch or coding structure, and the identity or address code which it is formed and a signal transmission structure of the load transmitted power switch control signal via an antenna; a signal reception control unit has a power supply connected to the outer structure, and respectively, by the wireless signal reception structure provides operating power to work and their control and set the outer loop power supply and the load for the load power load control loop control structure. 所说的无线信号接收结构中包括有对天线接收信号的放大电路、解调、解码还原电路,以及对所接收的由信号发送单元中的开关编码结构所形成的身份或地址编码进行学习和存储电路。 Receiving said wireless signal comprises a structure for receiving a signal amplifying circuit of the antenna, demodulation, decoding reduction circuit, and the address or identity code structure encoded by the switching signal transmission unit formed in the received learning and memory circuit.

如果与被遥控位置的信号接收控制单元的距离较远或过远,在上述的信号发送单元和信号接收控制单元间还可以按目前已有报道和/或广泛使用的常规方式加设置有至少一个用于对传送信号进行放大和传送的中继单元。 If the distance is far and the signal reception control unit or the remote location is too far, there are also reported by the above-described signal transmission between the signal receiving unit and the control unit and / or added in a conventional manner provided with at least one widely used transmitting signals for amplification and transmission of the relay unit.

在上述的信号发送单元中,设置有用于提供工作电能的换能结构,以及分别由换能结构供电进行身份或地址编码的开关编码结构和将其所形成的身份或地址编码及对负载电源开关的控制信号经天线发送出去的信号发送结构。 In the signal transmission unit, provided with a transducer structure for supplying operating power, and a switch structure encoding identity or address code respectively by the transducer feeding structure and the identity or address code which it is formed and the load of the power switch control signal transmitted via the transmission antenna configuration signal.

所说信号发送单元中的该换能结构,用于向信号发送单元的各工作结构单元提供工作所需的电压/电流等工作电能,可以采用目前已有报道和/或使用的可由机械按压开关部件和线圈部件组成、通过按压开关的机械能和电磁转换方式转换为电能的电磁机械转换结构,或者是可包括如光电转换结构、压电结构、太阳能光电池、半导体温差发电元件等方式可以将机械能、光能、热能转换为电能而实现自己产生电能的集成式或分离式的电路或器件中的一种。 The structure of said transducer, for providing the required operating voltage / current operating power to each other working structure unit signal transmission unit signal transmission unit may be employed by a mechanical push switch there are reports and / or used member and a coil components, mechanically by pressing the switch can be converted and the electromagnetic conversion mode electrical energy electromagnetic mechanical switching structure, or may comprise as the photoelectric conversion structure, piezoelectric structure, solar cell, semiconductor thermoelectric power generation element or the like may be mechanical energy, a light ray, thermal energy is converted to electrical energy to generate electric energy to achieve their separate or integrated circuits or devices.

信号发送单元中的该开关编码结构,可为每个信号发送结构的被控开关提供一个独一无二的身份/地址代码,以保证其与被控制开关间的惟一对应,避免相互干扰和误控制, 在现有技术中,可以通过如单片机、存储型元器件、DSP器件、FPGA器件、CPLD器件等任一种方式实现。 The switching signal transmitting coded structural units, each signal may be transmitted to the controlled switch structure provides a unique identity / address code to ensure that the only correspondence between the switch which is controlled, to avoid mutual interference and error control, in in the prior art, may be achieved by any means such as microcontrollers, memory type components, the DSP device, FPGA devices, CPLD and other devices. 例如,在一个可供参考实例中是通过已将换能结构、开关编码结构、信号发送结构同时被组装在开关内的RCM110无线收发模块对组合开关实现的。 For example, in one example by reference for the transducer structure has, switch coding structure, the structure of a signal transmitted simultaneously assembled RCM110 wireless transceiver module in the switching of the switch combination implemented.

所形成的该身份/地址代码和用于对负载电源开关的控制信号,由信号发送结构经常用的拉桿天线、印制板天线等可以完成无线信号发送任务的各种天线,向信号接收控制单元发送出去。 The formed identity / address code and the control signals for the various antennas of the load power switch, a signal transmitted by the rod antenna structures are often used, the PCB antenna or the like to complete the task wireless signal, to the signal reception control unit sent out. 所说的信号发送结构,可以采用nrf系列(如nrf240、 nrf2401、 nrf24L、 nrf905等)、或者是包括如Chipcon的SmartRF 04系列(如CC2500和CC2550等)无线收发对模块、PTR2030无线收发对模块等适当形式的无线收发对模块中的发信部分中的任一何种。 Said signal transmitting structure, may be employed nrf series (e.g. nrf240, nrf2401, nrf24L, nrf905 etc.), or comprising as a Chipcon SmartRF 04 series (e.g., CC2500 and CC2550, etc.) radio transceiver module, PTR2030 of wireless transceiver module suitable for any form of radio transmission section in a module which.

上述结构中所说的信号接收控制单元中,设置有与外电源连接的供电结构,以及分别由其提供工作电能、并与信号发送单元中结构相对应的无线信号接收结构和与之连接、 并设置在外电源与负载供电回路中用于对负载供电进行控制的负载回路控制结构。 In the above-described configuration said signal reception control unit, is provided with a power supply connected to the outer structure, and provide operating power therefrom, respectively, and the signal transmission unit structure corresponding to the radio signal receiving structure and connected thereto, and setting the outer loop power supply and the load for the load power load control loop control structure.

所说信号接收控制单元中的该无线信号接收结构,包括有用于对天线所接收的无线信号进行放大的放大电路和对应的解码还原电路,以及用于对所接收的由信号发送单元的开关编码结构所形成的身份或地址编码进行学习存储的相应电路。 The structure of said signal receiving wireless signal reception control unit, comprising for the radio signal received by the antenna amplifying circuit for amplifying and decoding the corresponding reduction circuit, and means for switching the received coded by the signal transmission unit identity or address code structure formed is stored in the corresponding learning circuit. 这些都可以通过采用目前已有的相应成熟技术实现。 These can be achieved through the use of proven technology currently available appropriate.

所说信号接收控制单元中的该负载回路控制结构,根据不同的使用需要,可以有能对负载供电回路的电流大小进行分档位控制的步进控制器,或是无级连续调节控制的连续控制器。 The load control circuit of said continuous structure control signal receiving unit, according to different needs, the controller can be capable of split gear stepping the current magnitude of the load control of the power supply circuit, or a stepless adjustment control controller. 其中,所说的步进控制器中可以包括有由单片机、CPU、 DSP、 FPGA或具有数 Wherein said controller step may include a microcontroller, CPU, DSP, FPGA, or having

字信号处理芯片中的任一种构成的微处理单元,以及由该微处理单元控制的包括可由光电耦合器或继电器等元器件或电路构成的负载分步控制单元;连续控制器可以采用现有可实现对负载供电回路的电流大小等被控对象进行无级控制的相同或类似电路等实现。 Micro processing unit according to any digital signal processing chip constituted of one, and a load step control units controlled by the micro processing unit may include a photo coupler or the like, or a relay circuit components; continuous controllers may employ conventional load current magnitude can be achieved in the power supply circuit and the like of the controlled object the same or similar circuit stepless control.

所说信号接收控制单元中的供电结构一般可以采用在外电源的连接接口后以并联方式分别连接有由变压器降压后经包括桥堆整流器和三端稳压集成电路等构成的用于提供工作电流的直流稳压输出电源结构(根据需要,该直流电源也可以采用电池方式供电), 以及设置有所说负载回路控制结构的交流负载供电回路。 Said control means receiving a signal feeding structure is generally the interface connection may be employed in the outer power are connected in parallel by the rear by the step-down transformer includes a bridge rectifier stack and three-terminal regulator IC or the like for providing the operating current the DC output power structure (if necessary, the DC power supply battery mode may be employed), and is provided with a power supply circuit of said load circuit AC load control structure. 其中的外电源可以是iiov、 220V或380V等多种不同的交流电源 Wherein the external power source may be other iiov, 220V or 380V AC power supply a number of different

本实用新型上述无线遥控开关系统的基本工作过程,是由信号发送单元中的换能结构的机械开关(或其它形式的能量转换结构)自己产生的工作所需的电能,向信号发送单元中的相应电子器件提供工作电源,电子器件正常工作时将开关的身份代码和控制信号,通过编码与调制的方式经天线发送出去;信号接收控制单元接收到这些无线信号并经解调制和解码还原信号发送单元所提供的身份/地址代码和相应的控制信号,并以此为依据控制负载供电回路的通断和导通程度,最终实现对电器负载消耗功率的控制。 The present invention is the above-described basic operation is the wireless remote control switch system is (conversion structure or other forms of energy) by the mechanical configuration of a switching signal transmission transducer units desired operating power generated by itself, to the signal transmission unit provide an electronic device operating power, the identity code and the control signal of the switch when the electronic device is working properly, sent by encoding the modulated manner via the antenna; a signal reception control unit receives the wireless signal and demodulates and decodes restore signals transmitted via provided identification unit / address code and the corresponding control signals, and as a basis turned off and the degree of load on the control power supply circuit, and ultimately control of the electrical power consumption of the load.

由于本实用新型上述无线遥控开关系统省去了传统遥控器工作时所必需的电池,可以由按压开关的机械能量(或其它方式)转换为电能为信号发送单元供电,就可以遥控负载回路的导通,还可以起到限制电流大小的作用,从而达到节能目的。 Since the present invention eliminates the need for the wireless remote control switch system when a conventional remote control necessary for the operation of the battery, a mechanical power can be switched by pressing (or otherwise) into the power supply signal transmitting unit, the remote pilot can load circuit pass, it may also serve to limit the size of the current, so as to save energy. 对不同的信号发送单元,信号接收控制单元的智能学习可具有识别不同的信号发送单元的能力。 For different signal transmission unit, intelligent signal reception control unit may have the ability to learn a different identification signal transmitting means. 例如用于电灯时,可在需要弱光时减小电流;用于电饭煲时可遥控温度。 For example, lamp current can be reduced when required low light; remote control temperature for the rice cooker. 该开关系统无需布放从开关到交流供电负载之间的控制线路,只需将信号发送结构开关用双面胶粘贴在墙上,就能够满意地实现室内电灯控制、实现墙体结构不固定、玻璃墙等难于布线的场合。 Laying the switching system without having to switch from the control line between the AC power supply load, the switch simply sends a signal structure with double sided tape on the wall, it is possible to satisfactorily control room lamp, the wall structure is not fixed to achieve difficult wiring glass walls and other occasions. 本实用新型的上述开关系统也可实现对人员不易接触或到达的高空、水域、高压线、爆破区、有毒气体等区域的电源、远程爆破、高压电源,或其他危险区域的电源开关进行远程控制。 The present invention the switching system may implement power region person's reach or to the altitude, water, high voltage, blasting area, toxic gases, etc., a remote blasting, high voltage power supply, or power switch other hazardous areas remote control. 当负载与信号发送结构开关间的距离超过有效控制距离时,根据需要,通过相应的中继器还可以延长其实现遥控的距离。 When the distance between the load and the structure of the switching signal transmission effective control over the distance, if necessary, by respective repeater further extend the distance of its implementation the remote control.

以下结合附图所示实施例的具体实施方式,对本实用新型的上述内容再作进一步的详细说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The following embodiments illustrated in the drawings of the embodiments, the present invention again the above described in further detail. 但不应将此理解为本实用新型上述主题的范围仅限于以下的实例。 But this should not be construed that the invention of the above-mentioned topics range limited to the following examples. 在不脱离本实用新型上述技术思想情况下,根据本领域普通技术知识和惯用手段做出的各种替换或变更,均应包括在本实用新型的范围内。 In the present invention without departing from the technical concept of the above-mentioned case, replace or change according to various of ordinary skill and knowledge to make the usual means, it should be included within the scope of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本实用新型一种无线遥控开关系统的结构框图。 FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention to a wireless remote control switching system.

图2是本实用新型另一种无线遥控开关系统的结构框图。 FIG 2 is a block diagram of the present invention, another wireless remote control switching system.

图3是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统中的一种无线信号接收结构的示意图。 3 is a schematic structure of a radio signal receiver of the present invention, the wireless remote control switch system. 图4是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统中步进控制器中的一种微处理器的结构示意图。 4 is a schematic structure of a microprocessor according to the present invention, the wireless remote control system, the stepping switch controller.

图5是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统中步进控制器中的一种分步控制单元的结构示意图。 FIG 5 is a schematic structure of a step control unit of the present invention, the wireless remote control system, the stepping switch controller.

图6是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统中的一种连续控制单元的结构示意图。 FIG 6 is a block diagram of a wireless remote control switch of the present invention, a continuous system control unit. 图7是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统中的一种供电的结构示意图。 FIG 7 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a power supply switch of the present invention, the wireless remote control system.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

图1所示的是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统的一种结构形式,由信号发送单元和信号接收控制单元两部分结构组成。 FIG. 1 is shown a configuration of the present invention in the form of wireless remote control switching system, the two-part structure signal transmitting unit and a signal reception control unit. 在信号发送单元中设置有用于提供工作电能的换能结构,以及分别由换能结构提供电能进行身份或地址编码的开关编码结构,和将其所形成的身份或地址编码以及对负载电源开关的控制信号经天线发送出去的信号发送结构。 Signal transmission unit provided with a transducer structure for supplying operating power, and electric power are provided by the transducer structures identity or address coding switch coding structure, and the identity or address code which it is formed and the load of the power switch transmitting a control signal transmitted through an antenna configuration signal. 信号发送单元中的该换能结构,可以采用目前已有报道和/或使用的电磁机械转换结构、光电转换结构、压电结构、太阳能光电池、半导体温差发电元件等可以将机械能、光能或热能等其它形式的能源转换为电能的换能器等,具体的结构可以为集成电路形式或者分离元件的形式。 The transducer structure of signal transmission unit may be employed may be present mechanical energy, thermal energy or light energy has been reported, and / or mechanical electromagnetic translation structure, the photoelectric conversion structure, piezoelectric structure, solar cell, semiconductor thermoelectric power generation element such as the use of and other forms of energy into electrical energy transducers, etc., may be a specific configuration or in the form of an integrated circuit in the form of separate elements.

信号接收控制单元中包括有无线信号接收结构和由其控制、并设置在外电源与负载供电回路中用于对负载供电进行控制的负载回路控制结构,以及向这些工作电路提供工作电能的供电结构。 Control signal receiving unit includes receiving a wireless signal by its structure and control, and power to the load is provided with an outer loop power feeding structure for a load power load control structure of the control circuit, and providing operating power to the circuit operation. 所说的无线信号接收结构中有可以采用常规通用形式的对天线接收信号的放大电路、解码还原电路,以及对所接收的由信号发送单元中的开关编码结构所形成的身份或地址编码进行学习和存储电路。 Receiving said radio signal amplifying circuit arrangement have antenna reception signals may take the form of conventional general purpose, reducing the decoding circuit, and the identity or address learning encoded by the switching signal transmitting coded structural units to be formed of the received and the memory circuit. 所说的负载回路控制结构可以有两种不同的实现方法, 一种是步进控制,另一种是连续控制。 It said load control loop structures can have two different implementations, one is the step control, the other is continuous control. 实现步进控制功能的步进控制器中含有微处理单元和负载分步控制单元,可使流经负载的电流按若千档位进行离散数值的调节;实现无级式的连续控制功能的连续控制器中含有连续控制单元结构,可以使流经负载的电流按连续变化的数值调节。 Continuous-type continuous stepless control function; stepper Stepper controllers control processing unit and a load comprising a micro step control unit, a current flowing through the load can be adjusted according to discrete values, if one thousand gear the controller control unit contains a continuous structure, the current flowing through the load is continuously changed by adjusting the values.

信号接收控制单元中的供电结构是一种用于向各工作单元提供稳定的低压直流电源和为负载工作提供交流市电的供电结构。 Receiving a signal feeding structure is a control unit for providing a stabilized low voltage DC power to each unit of work and provide a supply of AC mains structural work load. 可以采用如图7所示的形式,在外电源的连接接口后以并联方式分别连接有向各工作单元提供稳定直流工作电压的稳压输出电源结构和设置有所说负载回路控制结构的负载供电回路。 May take the form shown in FIG. 7, each working unit has to provide a stable DC voltage regulator output power structure and the load supply circuit is provided with a control structure of said load circuit are connected in parallel after connecting the power supply external interfaces . 如图7所示,在提供稳定直流电压的供电单元中,包括有变压器T1、整流器U6构成的降压整流结构;电容C5、 7805三端稳压集成电路U9、电容C6构成的稳压输出电源结构;电阻RIO、发光二极管LED1构成的直流输出显示电路。 7, to provide a stable DC voltage of the power supply unit, comprising a transformer T1, a rectifying buck converter U6 constituting the structure; regulated output capacitor C5, 7805 three-terminal regulator IC U9, capacitor C6 constitute a power supply structure; resistor RIO, the DC output of the light emitting diode LED1 constituting the display circuit. U6、 U9可以是分离元件或集成元件,或其他能达到整流、稳压功能的器件。 U6, U9 can be separate elements or integrated elements, or other devices can reach rectifier, regulator functions. Tl可以是变压器、电阻或电容或电感组成的分压电路、或其他能达到降压功能的器件。 Tl may be a voltage dividing circuit of the transformer, a resistor or a capacitor or inductors or other devices can reach down function. 向负载提供交流的电路可包括220V交流市电插口Pl、总开关S、4A250V 保险管F1。 Providing AC to the load circuit may comprise a 220V AC power outlet Pl, the main switch S, 4A250V fuse F1. 电阻R12、发光二极管LED3为交流供电指示电路,Fl为熔丝管保护电路, 或其他当负载电流过大时阻断电路的保护电路器件。 Resistor R12, a light emitting diode LED3 AC power indicating circuit, Fl protection circuit for the fuse tube, or other protective circuit device when the load current is too large blocking circuit. 来自Pl插口的交流市电,经总开关S和熔丝管保护电路和交流供电指示电路后,从Powerl、 Power2输出到负载回路控制单元。 Pl from the AC mains socket, the main switch and a fuse tube S and the AC power supply protection circuit indicating circuit after the Powerl, Power2 load circuit output to the control unit. 向负载提供交流供电,可以是提供220V交流市电,也可以是将各相关电路结构和部件作适当调整后提供其他数值的交流市电,如110V、 380V等。 Providing AC power to the load, may be to provide 220V AC power, other values ​​may be provided after the circuit structure and the relevant components adjusted as appropriate AC power, such as 110V, 380V and so on.

对上述结构可以采用一种更方便形式,是采用已将包括换能器、开关编码与信号发送单元三个部分都组装在开关内、并与接收控制系统中的无线信号接收单元中的P2 (图3)构成的RCM110无线收发模块对。 The above-described configuration may employ a more convenient form, have been employed including a transducer, the switching signal transmitting means encodes three parts are assembled in the switch, and the control unit receives the radio signal receiving system in the P2 ( FIG 3) RCM110 wireless transceiver modules in. 或采用如nrf240、 nrf2401、 nrf24L、 nrf905、 CC2500、 CC2550、 PTR2030等无线收发对模块。 Or using such nrf240, nrf2401, nrf24L, nrf905, CC2500, CC2550, PTR2030 wireless transceiver module.

图2所示的是本实用新型无线遥控开关系统的另一种结构形式,即在图1中的信号发送单元和信号接收控制单元之间,根据需要还设置有一个或若干个中继器等中继单元。 FIG 2 is another structural forms of the novel wireless remote control switch system, i.e. between the signal transmitting unit and a receiving control unit of FIG, if necessary further provided with one or several repeaters, etc. The relay unit. 其中包括信号接收放大和再发送电路和直流供电电路。 Receiving the amplified signal and which comprises a re-transmission circuit and the DC power feed circuit. 该直流供电电路可与图7供电电路中的直流供电部分电路相同。 The DC power feed circuit to the DC power supply may be the same power supply circuit 7 of the circuit of FIG.

图3是上述接收控制系统中的无线信号接收单元的一种具体的电路结构。 FIG 3 is a specific circuit configuration of the signal receiving unit receives the control system. 无线信号接收单元中,模块P2为RCM110模块对的接收部分,其中含有接收天线、无线信号接收放大、解调、解码输出电路。 Wireless signal reception unit, the module receiving portion P2 is RCM110 module, which contains the receiving antenna, the wireless signal reception amplification, demodulation, decoding output circuit. 控制发信系统发出的无线信号从无线信号接收单元中的P2模块的天线输入,经P2进行解调、解码,从P2的引脚8输出控制信号。 Transmission control system sends a wireless signal from an antenna input signal receiving unit module P2, P2 by demodulating, decoding, output pin 8 from the control signal P2. P2的引脚8 还经电阻Rll与直流电源正极相连,以增加对负载的驱动能力。 P2 pin 8 is also connected to the positive DC power supply via a resistor Rll, to increase the driving capability of the load. P2的第5脚具人工智能学习功能。 P2 is 5 feet with artificial intelligence learning function. 引脚5经按键K1接地,当按下按键K1,使P2的第5脚与地连通时,P2进入学习状态,此时按下控制发信系统上的开关,P2会接收并保存接收到的控制发信系统开关的身份代码,学习状态持续约30秒结束(此学系过程也可以通过编制的适当程序以遥控方式进行和完成)。 Key K1 is grounded via pins 5, when the key K1 is pressed, so that the pin 5 and P2 communicate when, P2 into the learning state, then press the switch on the control of the transmission system, P2 receives and stores the received control switch identification code transmission system, the learning end state for about 30 seconds (Department of this process can also be carried out by suitable programming in a remote manner and complete). 当学习结束后,人工智能学习到的控制发信系统开关的身份代码会一直保存在P2中。 When the study ended, identity code of artificial intelligence to learn to control the switching of the transmission system will remain in P2. 只有被接收控制系统学习过的控制发信系统才能对接收控制系统进行有效控制。 Control signaling system is received only learned of the control system in order to receive control systems for effective control. 而且,接收控制系统可以对多个控制发信系统进行学习,以此实现多开关控制同一负载(如电灯)的目的。 Further, the control system can control the reception of the transmission system for a plurality of learning, in order to achieve the object of the same switch control multiple loads (e.g., lamps) is. 清除学习功能是由P2的第7脚完成的。 Clear learning by 7 feet P2 is completed. P2的引脚7经按键K2后地线相接。 P2 is a ground contact pin 7 after key K2. 当按下按键K2,使P2的第7脚与地接通时,将清除以前学习到并保存在P2中的发信系统开关的身份代码。 When the key K2 is pressed, so that P2 is turned on and the seventh pin, the previously learned and stored in the purge P2 identity code of the transmission system switch. P2的引脚9经发光二极管LED2、电阻R9与引脚15和直流电源正极相联,当P2收到控制信号后,引脚9输出低电f, LED2 灯亮。 P2 pin 9 via a light emitting diode LED2, a resistor R9 to pin 15 and associated DC voltage source positive, after receipt of the control signal P2, the output pin 9 low f, LED2 lights. 上述电路单元中的P2可以是集成电路模块或分离元件组件构成的具有接收天线、无线信号接收放大、解调、解码输出电路功能的其他形式的电路,如P2可用nrf240、 nrf2401、 nrf24L、 nrf905、 CC2500、 CC2550、 PTR2030无线收发对模块的收信部分,此时其引脚连接应作相应调整。 The above-described circuit unit P2 may be an integrated circuit module or a separation element assembly having a configuration of receiving antennas, receiving a radio signal amplification, demodulation, decoding output circuit other forms of circuit function, such as P2 available nrf240, nrf2401, nrf24L, nrf905, CC2500, CC2550, PTR2030 receiving portion of the radio transceiver module, in which case the pin connector should be adjusted accordingly.

图4是上述信号接收控制单元中的负载回路控制结构采用步进控制器时的一种微处理单元的结构形式。 FIG 4 is a structure to a micro processing unit when the configuration of the load circuit a control signal reception control unit stepping controller. 其中的U8为89C2051单片机,U8引脚6从P2的第8引脚获取控制信号,并对该信号进行解释。 Wherein the microcontroller U8 is 89C2051, U8 pin 6 acquires the control signal from pin 8 of P2, and the signal is explained. 解释信号从引脚2、 13、 14、 15、 16端输出,相应于P3.0、 Pl.O、 Pl.l、 P1.2、 P1.3,这5个控制信号作为负载分步控制单元的控制信号。 Interpret the signal from pin 2, 13, 14, 15, output terminal 16, corresponding to the P3.0, Pl.O, Pl.l, P1.2, P1.3, five-step control signal as a load control means the control signal. 当解释信号为长时间按下开或长时间按下关时,U8的引脚13、 14、 15、 16端根据发信系统开关按下时间的长短,使Pl.O、 Pl.l、 P1.2、 P1.3分别为低或高电位。 When the signal is interpreted as long-pressing a long press on or off, U8 pins 13, 14, 15, 16 press the ends of the length of time switching according to the transmission system, so Pl.O, Pl.l, P1 .2, P1.3, respectively low or high potential. 当解释信号为短促开或短促关时,U8的引脚2端P3.0输出低电平或高电平。 When the signal is interpreted as a short open or short when off, U8 pin 2 output terminal P3.0 low or high. 晶振XTAL、电容C2、 C3与U8的引脚4、 5相接,为U8提供时钟。 The XTAL oscillator, capacitors C2, C3 and U8 pins 4, 5 in contact, to clock U8. 电阻R8、电容C4为U8工作的复位电路。 Resistor R8, capacitor C4 is reset circuit U8 work. 上述电路单元中的单片机可以是各种具有数字信号处理或运算能力的集成电路,如各种型号 The above-described circuit unit may be a single-chip integrated circuit having a variety of digital signal processing or computing power, such as various types of

的单片机、DSP、 FPGA、 CPLD器件等。 Microcontroller, DSP, FPGA, CPLD and other devices. 晶振XTAL、电容C2、 C3组成的时钟电路也可由外部时钟直接输入来替换。 Crystal XTAL, capacitors C2, C3 clock circuit composed by an external clock input directly replaced. 电阻R8、电容C4组成的复位电路也可以是其他形式的复位电路。 Resistor R8, capacitor C4, the reset circuit may also be other forms of reset circuit. P3.0、 P3.2、 Pl.O、 Pl.l、 P1.2、 P1.3也可以通过变更软件程序换为是其他引脚。 P3.0, P3.2, Pl.O, Pl.l, P1.2, P1.3 may have been changed by changing the software program for the other pins.

图5是上述步进控制器中的分步控制单元的一种结构形式。 FIG 5 is a structure of the control unit stepwise the stepping controller. 输入端P1.0、P1.1、 P1.2、 P1.3、 P3.0为低电平时,导致MOC3020光电耦合器U1、 U2、 U3、 U4、 U5分别导通。 An input terminal P1.0, P1.1, P1.2, P1.3, P3.0 is low, resulting in MOC3020 optocoupler U1, U2, U3, U4, U5 are respectively turned on. 其中U1、 U2、 U3、 U4的是否导通,控制了R5.1-5.4的大小,使由电阻R2、 R3、 R4、 R5.1~5.4、 R6、电容C1以及BT33双基极二极管Q1组成的张弛振荡器受到控制,控制了可控硅的导通时间,从而控制负载(如电灯等)的功率,使电灯按不同的控制档位发光。 Wherein U1, U2, U3, U4 whether conduction, R5.1-5.4 controls the size of the by resistors R2, R3, R4, R5.1 ~ 5.4, R6, capacitor C1 and the double-base diode Q1 BT33 composition the relaxation oscillator is controlled to control the thyristor conduction time, thereby controlling the load (e.g., lamps, etc.) of power, so that a different lamp lighting control gear. P3.0为低电平时,导致MOC3020光电耦合器U5的导通,BT33双基极二极管Ql 导通、使NEC2P4M可控硅SCR获得偏压而接通,电灯亮。 P3.0 is low, resulting in MOC3020 optocoupler U5 is turned on, BT33 Ql double base diode conduction, the SCR obtained NEC2P4M bias turned bright lights. Rl为分压电阻。 Rl is a voltage-dividing resistor. P12为与负载相接的电源插座。 P12 with the socket contact load power. U7为整流桥堆,使从Powerl、 Power2输入的220V交流市电经负载后能通过单向可控硅SCR形成交流供电回路。 U7 is a bridge rectifier, so that after Powerl, Power2 220V AC power input through the load is formed by a one-way thyristor SCR AC power supply circuit. 上述电路单元中的Ul、 U2、 U3、 U4、 U5也可以是继电器等具有输入端为弱电,输出端可通过强电,输出与输入之间具有隔离性的类似器件。 The above-described circuit units Ul, U2, U3, U4, U5 and the like may be a relay device having an input terminal for the weak, the output terminal may have passed between the strong electric isolation, the output and input. 由U7、 R2、 R3、 R4、 R5.1~5.4、 R6、 Cl以及Q1、 SCR构成的控制负载回路电流大小的电路结构,也可是其他具有相同功能的电路,如采用控制双向可控硅导通时间实现相同功能的电路结构。 A U7, R2, R3, R4, R5.1 ~ 5.4, R6, Cl and Q1, the control circuit configuration of the load circuit current magnitude SCR configuration, but also other circuits having the same function, such as the use control triac -time circuit structure for implementing the same functions.

负载分步控制单元是这样工作的:当解释信号为短促开或短促关时,89C2051单片机U8的引脚2端P3.0输出低电平或高电平,导致MOC3020光电耦合器U5输出的通或断,弓l起Power3、 Power4之间的通或断,使SCR接通或阻断,使流过负载回路的电流导通或截止,完成电灯的亮或灭控制。 Load step control unit is working: when the short signal is interpreted on or off short, 89C2051 microcontroller U8 outputs pin 2 ends P3.0 low or high, resulting in MOC3020 optocoupler U5 output through on or off, the bow l Power3, the Power4 on or off between the SCR is turned on or block the current flowing through the load circuit is turned on or off, or off to complete the light control lamp. 当解释信号为长时期开或长时期关时,U8的引脚13、 14、 15、 16端依控制发信系统开关按下时间的长短,使Pl.O、 PU、 P1.2、 P1.3 分别为低或高电位,导致U1、 U2、 U3、 U4分别导通或断开,控制了电阻R5.1〜5.4的大小。 When the signal is interpreted long opening or prolonged off, U8 pins 13, 14, 15, 16 according to the control terminal of the transmission system, the length of time the switch is pressed, so Pl.O, PU, ​​P1.2, P1. 3, respectively low or high voltage, resulting in U1, U2, U3, U4 are respectively turned on or off, controls the size of the resistance R5.1~5.4. 电阻R2、 R3、 R4、 R5.1~5.4、 R6、 Cl以及Ql组成张弛振荡器,作为可控硅SCR 的同步触发电路,通过控制电阻R5.1〜5.4是否接入电路来控制可控硅的导通时间,从而控制流过负载的电流。 Resistors R2, R3, R4, R5.1 ~ 5.4, R6, Cl and Ql composition relaxation oscillator circuit as a synchronous triggering of the SCR, the SCR is controlled by a control circuit whether to access the resistor R5.1~5.4 on-time, thereby controlling the current flowing through the load. 220V交流市电经Power2到P12的1端、负载(电灯)、负载插座P12的2端、整流桥U7的4端、U7的1端、NEC2P4M可控硅SCR的源漏极、U7 的2端、U7的3端、Powerl回到交流市电的另一端。 220V AC power through to the end Power2 P12, the load (lamp), a load terminal P12 of the socket 2, the rectifier bridge terminal 4 of U7, U7's end, the source and drain NEC2P4M thyristor SCR, the second end of U7 3 end of U7, Powerl back to the other end of the AC mains. 当停止按压控制发信系统开关时, 微处理单元记住控制发信系统开关的最后状态,这样,当关灯后重新开灯时,电灯恢复关灯时的亮度。 When the transmission control system stops pressing the switch, a micro processing unit remembers the last state of the transmission control system switches, so that, when the turn-back lights, lights the lamp brightness restored.

图6是上述信号接收控制单元中的负载回路控制结构采用连续控制器时的一种连续控制单元的结构形式。 FIG 6 is a structure of a control circuit when the load control means receiving the signal in the form of a continuous structure continuous control of the control unit. 连续控制单元的卯13晶体管Q2接收从RCM110模块对的接收部分P2的第8引脚输出的控制信号,电阻R7、 R8为Q2提供偏置电压。 Continuous control unit 13 d of the transistor Q2 receives the control signal output pin 8 of the receiving portion P2 from RCM110 modules, resistors R7, R8 provide a bias voltage to Q2. 当控制发信系统的开关压下时,P2的第8引脚有信号输出,使Q2导通,TP151光耦管U1导通。 When the transmission system control switch is depressed, P2 of the first signal output pin 8, so that Q2 is turned on, TP151 optocoupler U1 conducting tube. 电阻R9、 Rll、电容C4以及BT33双基极二极管Q3组成张弛振荡器,作为NEC2P4M可控硅SCR的同步触发电路,电阻R10为分压电阻。 Resistors R9, Rll, capacitor C4 and BT33 double base diode Q3 composition relaxation oscillator, as NEC2P4M thyristor SCR synchronous triggering circuit, the resistor R10 of the voltage dividing resistors. 通过控制U1导通平均时长,可控制可控硅的平均导通时间,从而控制负载的平均功率。 U1 is turned on by controlling the average amount of time, can control the average conduction time of the thyristor, thereby controlling the average power load. 220V交流市电经Power2到负载接口P12的l端、负载(如电灯等)、负载插座P12的2端、整流桥U7的4端、U7的l端、 可控硅SCR的源、漏极、U7的2端、U7的3端、Powerl回到交流市电的另一端。 Power2 220V AC power via an interface to the end of the load l P12, the load (e.g., lamps, etc.), a load terminal P12 of the socket 2, the end 4 of the rectifier bridge U7, U7 l end, the thyristor SCR source, a drain, 2 end of U7, U7 end of 3, Powerl back to the other end of the AC mains. 当停止按压控制发信系统开关时,无线信号接收单元中的P2记住遥控器开关当前的状态, 这样,当关灯后重新开灯时,电灯恢复关灯时的亮度。 When the transmission system control stops pressing the switch, the radio signal receiving unit P2 to remember the current state of the remote control switch, such that when the re turn lights, lights the lamp brightness restored. 上述电路单元中的Q2可以是NPN 晶体管及偏置电路,也可以是PNP晶体管及偏置电路。 The above-described circuit unit may be an NPN transistor Q2 and a bias circuit may be a PNP transistor and a bias circuit. Ul可以是光耦管、继电器等具有输入端为弱电,输出端可通过强电,输出与输入之间具有隔离性的类似器件。 Optocoupler Ul may be tubes, relays, and other devices having a similar input is weak, the output terminal may have passed between the strong electric isolation, the output and input. 由电阻R9、 Rll、电容C4、双基极二极管Q3、可控硅SCR组成的控制负载回路电流大小的电路结构,也可是其他具有相同功能的电路,如采用控制双向可控硅导通时间实现相同功能的电路结构。 A resistor R9, Rll, capacitor C4, a double base diode Q3, the control circuit configuration of the load circuit current magnitude thyristor SCR composition, but also other circuits having the same function, such as the use of time control triac implemented the circuit configuration of the same functions.

采用上述的步进控制方式时,开关按下时间的长短,决定了对电源开关控制的不同方式。 With the above stepping control mode, the length of time the switch is pressed, determine the different ways to control the power switch. 当短促的按下开关的一边后可以使灯点亮(或其它负载开始工作),短促的按下另一边则可以使灯熄灭(或其它负载停止工作)。 Once the short side of the press may cause the lamp lighting switch (or other load to work), a short press on the other side can extinguish the lamp (or other load stop working). 持续按住开关使灯点亮的一边,能够使灯的亮度按档位刻度从弱到强变化(如处于最亮状态则无变化)直到松开开关,此时电灯保持在松开按键时刻的亮度。 Hold down the switch while the lamp lighting, brightness of the lamp can be made according to a scale range from weak to strong variations (e.g., no change in the brightest state) until the switch is released, the button is released at this time the lamp holding time brightness. 持续按住开关使灯熄灭的一边,能够使灯的亮度按档位刻度从强到弱变化(如果处于最暗状态则无变化)直到松开开关。 Hold down side switch off the lamp, the lamp can be made according to the luminance range scale changes from high to low (if no change in the darkest state) until the switch is released. 调好后,如有需要,可以反复用以上方法继续调节亮度,直到满意为止。 After adjustment, if necessary, using the above method can be repeated to continue to adjust the brightness, until satisfied. 亮度调好后,仍可对灯进行熄灭或点亮操作。 After adjusted the brightness, the lamp can still be turned off or the lighting operation. 当灯再次点亮时,其亮度为灯熄灭前调好的亮度。 When the lamp is lit again, and the brightness of the headlight luminance is tuned off. 采用连续控制方式时,则电灯亮度的变化是连续的,没有档位变化的感觉。 When using continuous control, the lamp luminance change is continuous, without gear change feeling.

Claims (10)

1.无线遥控开关系统,其特征是包括信号发送单元和信号接收控制单元两部分结构,其中的信号发送单元中有用于提供工作电能的换能结构,以及分别由换能结构提供电能进行身份或地址编码的开关编码结构,和将其所形成的身份或地址编码以及对负载电源开关的控制信号经天线发送出去的信号发送结构;信号接收控制单元中有与外电源连接的供电结构,以及分别由其提供工作电能进行工作的无线信号接收结构和受其控制并设置在外电源与负载供电回路中用于对负载供电进行控制的负载回路控制结构,所说的无线信号接收结构中包括有对天线接收信号的放大电路、解调、解码还原电路,以及对所接收的由信号发送单元中的开关编码结构所形成的身份或地址编码进行学习和存储电路。 1. The wireless remote control switch system which comprises a two-part construction wherein the signal transmitting unit and a receiving control unit, a signal transmitting unit which has a transducer structure for supplying operating power, and electric power are provided by the transducer structure or identity address coding switch coding structure, and the identity or address code which it is formed and a signal transmission structure of the load transmitted power switch control signal via an antenna; a signal reception control unit has a power supply connected to the outer structure, respectively, and and receiving a wireless signal by its control structure provides operating power to operate and to set the outer loop power supply and the load for the load power load control structure of the control loop, said radio signal receiving antenna comprising the structure amplifying circuit receives the signal, demodulates and decodes reduction circuit, and the address or identity code structure encoded by the switching signal transmission unit formed in the received learning and memory circuits.
2. 如权利要求1所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是在所说的信号发送单元和信号接收控制单元还设置有信号放大传送的中继单元。 The wireless remote control switch system according to claim 1, wherein in said signal transmitting unit and a receiving control unit is further provided with a relay unit transmitted signal amplification.
3. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号发送单元中的换能结构为包括电磁机械转换结构、光电转换结构、压电结构、太阳能光电池、半导体温差发电元件在内的可将机械能、光能、热能转换为电能的集成式或分离式的电路或器件中的一种。 The wireless remote control switch system according to claim 1, characterized in that said transducer configuration for the signal transmitting unit comprises an electromagnetic mechanical switch structure, the photoelectric conversion structure, piezoelectric structure, solar cell, a semiconductor thermoelectric power generation a component can be converted, including mechanical energy, light, heat or electrical energy separate integrated circuits or devices.
4. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号发送单元中的开关编码结构可以采用单片机、存储型元器件、DSP器件、FPGA器件、CPLD器件中的任一种。 4. The wireless remote control switch system according to claim 1, characterized in that the switching configuration of said encoded signal transmission unit according to any one microcontroller, memory type components, the DSP device, FPGA devices, CPLD device may be employed species.
5. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号发送单元中的信号发送结构可以采用nrf系列、或包括Chipcon的SmartRF 04系列无线收发对模块、 PTR2030无线收发对模块在内的无线收发对模块中的发信部分。 5. The wireless remote control switch system according to claim 1, wherein said signal transmitting unit transmitting a signal configuration may be employed in series nrf, Chipcon or comprise a wireless transceiver module series SmartRF 04, PTR2030 wireless transceiver pairs wireless transceiver module in the module including the transmission portion.
6. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号接收控制单元中的负载回路控制结构为可对负载供电回路的电流大小进行分档位控制的步进控制器。 The wireless remote control switch 6. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the load circuit control configuration of said control signal receiving unit to be split gear stepping controller for controlling the magnitude of the load current of the power supply circuit .
7. 如权利要求6所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说的步进控制器中包括有由单片机、微处理器、CPU、 DSP、 FPGA或具有数字信号处理芯片中的任一种构成的微处理单元,以及由微处理单元控制的包括可由光电耦合器或继电器构成的负载分步控制单元。 The wireless remote control switch system according to claim 6, wherein said controller comprises a step by the microcontroller, a microprocessor, CPU, DSP, FPGA, or have any one of a digital signal processing chip micro processing unit constituted by a photo-coupler and including loading step or the control unit relays and controlled by a micro processing unit.
8. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号接收控制单元中的负载回路控制结构为可对负载供电回路的电流大小进行无级控制的连续控制器。 8. The system of wireless remote control switch as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the load circuit control configuration of said control signal receiving unit to be continuous stepless controller for controlling the magnitude of the load current of the power supply circuit.
9. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号接收控制单元中的供电结构为在外电源的连接接口后以并联方式分别连接有由变压器(Tl)降压后经包括桥堆整流器(U6)和三端稳压集成电路(U9)构成的用于提供工作电流的直流稳压输出电源结构,和设置有所说负载回路控制结构的负载交流供电回路。 9. The system of wireless remote control switch as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the feeding structure of said control signal receiving unit connected to the interface after the external power source are connected in parallel (Tl) by the step-down transformer It includes a bridge rectifier via the stack (U6) and a three-terminal voltage regulator integrated circuit (U9) for providing an operating current composed of DC output power structure, and the AC power supply circuit is provided with a load control structure of said load circuit.
10. 如权利要求1或2所述的无线遥控开关系统,其特征是所说信号接收控制单元中的外电源可以是110V、 220V或380V交流电源中的任一种。 10. The system of wireless remote control switch as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein said external power control signal receiving unit may be 110V, 220V or 380V any one of AC power.
CNU2009200788476U 2009-01-22 2009-01-22 Wireless remote control switch system CN201364641Y (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103345176A (en) * 2010-09-14 2013-10-09 郭磊 Wireless switching control means
CN104679683A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-03 四川特伦特科技股份有限公司 DSP (Digital Signal Processor) processing plate with remote-controlled opening function

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103345176A (en) * 2010-09-14 2013-10-09 郭磊 Wireless switching control means
CN104679683A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-03 四川特伦特科技股份有限公司 DSP (Digital Signal Processor) processing plate with remote-controlled opening function
CN104679683B (en) * 2015-03-20 2018-01-05 四川特伦特科技股份有限公司 A kind of DSP process plates with remote control open function

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