CN201363107Y - Cantilever type drill pipe racking device - Google Patents

Cantilever type drill pipe racking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201363107Y
CN201363107Y CNU2009200237505U CN200920023750U CN201363107Y CN 201363107 Y CN201363107 Y CN 201363107Y CN U2009200237505 U CNU2009200237505 U CN U2009200237505U CN 200920023750 U CN200920023750 U CN 200920023750U CN 201363107 Y CN201363107 Y CN 201363107Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
telescopic
manipulator
connected
cantilevered
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2009200237505U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王运安
杨国家
魏鸣
Original Assignee
山东胜利石油石化装备研究中心
山东科瑞机械制造有限公司
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Application filed by 山东胜利石油石化装备研究中心, 山东科瑞机械制造有限公司 filed Critical 山东胜利石油石化装备研究中心
Priority to CNU2009200237505U priority Critical patent/CN201363107Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201363107Y publication Critical patent/CN201363107Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a cantilever type drill pipe racking device which belongs to oil field drilling equipment and is used for grabbing, moving and racking a drill pipe. According to the technical scheme, the device comprises a manipulator and a mechanical arm, the mechanical arm includes a lifting arm and a telescopic boom, one end of the lifting arm is hinged with the telescopic boom, a telescopic driving cylinder is fixedly connected between the hinge end of the lifting arm and the telescopic boom, the other end of the lifting arm is hinged on a support body, a telescopic driving cylinder is fixedly connected between the support body and the lifting arm, the upper part of the support body is connected to a rotating center, the rotating center is fixed on a drilling platform through a cantilever beam, and the manipulator is connected to the telescopic boom. Through centralized control, the utility model achieves the purposes of using the manipulator to grab and release the drill pipe, lengthening the telescopic boom to assist a centralizer in vertically positioning the drill pipe, and lifting, moving and rotating the lifting arm. The utility model has the advantages of simple and reasonable integral structure and design, strong carrying capacity, high level of mechanization, safety manipulation, labor saving and improved efficiency, and is suitable for being used together with various drilling platforms.

Description

The cantilevered well pipe handling equipment

Technical field

The utility model relates to the device that is used to grasp, move, discharge drilling rod in a kind of oil drilling equipment, a kind of cantilevered well pipe handling equipment that is used for pipe racking of saying so more specifically.

Technical background

Pipe racking be in the drilling process drilling rod from the discharging frame move to well head or from well head move to the discharging frame necessary process.At present in the drillng operation drilling rod work that to put be that the workman operates elevator, be connected to the box cupling place of drilling rod by elevator, sling (or transferring) drilling rod to assigned address by lifting machinery then, again by workman's release elevator of seting out, this extracting and release, move, the operation of discharging drilling rod is abnormally dangerous and labour intensity is big, operating efficiency is also very low.In recent years, manipulator and mechanical arm be existing the application in the machining production field, was flexibility because the mechanical arm assembly that use in the machine field emphasizes, and therefore too complicated on its structure design, environment for use requires high, and manufacturing cost and use cost is also high; The mechanical arm supporting capacity of batch production use is low relatively in addition, is difficult to implement the extracting of drilling rod and move in the drilling equipment industry.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is exactly at the problems referred to above, propose a kind of supporting capacity strong, satisfy drilling environment, long service life and Fully-mechanized cantilevered well pipe handling equipment of working continuously.

Its technical scheme is: mechanical arm comprises rising arm and telescopic arm, rising arm one end and telescopic arm hinge, between rising arm hinged end and telescopic arm, be fixedly connected with the telescopic drive cylinder, the other end hinge of rising arm is on supporter, and between supporter and rising arm, be fixedly connected with the telescopic drive cylinder, supporter top is connected on the center of rotation, and center of rotation is fixed on the offshore boring island by semi girder, and manipulator is connected on the telescopic arm.

Such scheme also comprises: telescopic arm is the lengthening telescopic arm that is driven by the telescopic drive cylinder, and manipulator is fixed on an end of telescopic arm, and the other end is fixed with stile.

Described manipulator is to run through in the contiguous block both sides to be fixed with an above axis of guide, be respectively installed with grip block on the axis of guide of both sides, two grip blocks stretch out the ipsilateral of contiguous block with side, and be respectively equipped with slip insert at the opposite face of extension, between two grip blocks, also be provided with along the flexible telescopic drive cylinder of axis of guide direction, at contiguous block or/and be provided with the keyhole that is connected with telescopic arm on the grip block.

The slip insert and the grip block that are provided with on grip block are structure as a whole, and perhaps are the branch body structure by bolt, and slip insert is an arc.

Described stile is that two axis holes are set on the riser of a right angle bracing frame at interval, be penetrated with respectively in the axis hole and set upright pawl, vertical telescopic drive mechanism is set on the horizontal base of right angle bracing frame, the upper end of driving mechanism is fixed with contiguous block, the two ends of contiguous block are connected cooperation with the medial extremity of setting upright pawl by locking bolt respectively with chute, at the other end of setting upright pawl the arc pawl is set.

Described center of rotation is to run through central axis in axle sleeve, and central axis top is connected with gear wheel, and one side is fixed with pinion on the top of axle sleeve, pinion and gear wheel engagement, and the central axis of center of rotation is connected with supporter.

Described telescopic drive cylinder is a kind of of hydraulic cylinder or pneumatic linear actuator.

The utility model is controlled the telescopic drive cylinder of different links by operation and is driven the motor of rotation, realizes the manipulator extracting and discharges drilling rod, and the telescopic arm lengthening also cooperates centralizer to the drilling rod perpendicular positioning, and rising arm lifting and purpose mobile, rotation.Its overall construction design advantages of simple, supporting capacity is strong, and the mechanization degree height is controlled safety, saves manpower, is raised the efficiency, and is fit to the supporting use of various offshore boring island.In addition can with the supporting use of automation control system, improve the integrated automation usage degree, for Fully-mechanized, the automated process that solves pipe pick up and lay down system provides supporting comprehensively, and can be good at solving drilling rod load-bearing and dimensional problem in the pipe racking process.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the main TV structure of main part of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the structure enlarged drawing of manipulator part;

Fig. 3 is the structure enlarged drawing of centralizer part;

Fig. 4 is the structure enlarged drawing of center of rotation part;

Fig. 5 is a kind of plan structure figure that is applied in the exemplary embodiments of offshore boring island of the utility model.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done further detailed description:

With reference to Fig. 1, overall structure comprises center of rotation 10, supporter 1, mechanical arm, manipulator 4, centralizer 5 and hydraulic cylinder 6,7,8 compositions.Mechanical arm comprises rising arm 2 and telescopic arm 3, rising arm 2 lower ends and telescopic arm 3 hinges, between rising arm hinged end and telescopic arm, fixedly connected to be useful on and adjust telescopic arm and keep vertical hydraulic cylinder 7, the upper end hinge of rising arm 2 and is fixedlyed connected between supporter 1 and rising arm 2 and is useful on the hydraulic cylinder 6 of adjusting the drilling rod lifting and moving on supporter 1.Telescopic arm 3 is the lengthening telescopic arms that driven by internal hydraulic pressure cylinder 8.Manipulator 4 and centralizer 5 are separately fixed at the lower end and the upper end of telescopic arm.Center of rotation 10 bottoms are connected with supporter 1, and the side is fixed on the derrick column 11 by semi girder 10-7 (cantilever beams 21 in the accompanying drawing 5 just).

The overall work principle is: behind the manipulator extracting drilling rod, drilling rod top in rising arm rising (or decline) process, is adjusted the vertical of telescopic arm by the centralizer clamping, behind the arrival assigned address, carries out other action.Everything is undertaken by controlling corresponding hydraulic cylinder.

With reference to accompanying drawing 2, the structure of manipulator: contiguous block 4-4 is the L shaped of steel plate processing, its welding convex edge, top, three axis holes are set on the steel plate, be used for interspersed axis of guide 4-2, the top is provided with keyhole and is connected with telescopic arm, and the prefabricated notch of Lower Half leaves the space for horizontally disposed hydraulic cylinder 4-5.Two grip block 4-3 are the rectangular structure of steel plate processing, be shaped on three axis holes that are slidingly matched with axis of guide 4-2 above equally in advance, symmetry is sleeved on the axis of guide 4-2 of contiguous block 4-4 both sides, the left-hand end of grip block 4-3 is stretched out, form grasping part, be used for being provided with arc slip insert 4-1 on its opposite face, cooperate with the clamping of drilling rod wall by slip insert 4-1.Hydraulic cylinder 4-5 is horizontally set between two grip block 4-3, and it stretches by operation control, reaches the control grip block 4-3 purpose that enforcement discharges and grasps to drilling rod.

Its operating principle is that the grip block front end is equipped with slip insert, under the effect of hydraulic cylinder, along the parallel mobile do unlatching of the axis of guide, closing motion.The axis of guide is installed on the contiguous block, grip block is risen support and guide effect.

With reference to accompanying drawing 3, the structure of centralizer: two axis holes are set on the riser of a right angle bracing frame 5-1 at interval, be penetrated with left and right pawl 5-2 and the 5-3 of setting upright in the axis hole respectively, vertical hydraulic cylinder 5-6 is set on the horizontal base of right angle bracing frame 5-1, the upper end of hydraulic cylinder 5-6 is fixed with contiguous block 5-5, the two ends of contiguous block 5-5 are connected cooperation with the medial extremity of setting upright pawl by locking bolt respectively with chute, at the other end of setting upright pawl the arc pawl is set.

Its operating principle is, the reciprocating process of hydraulic cylinder drives two, and to set upright pawl involutory or open, and drilling rod is being set upright in the pawl fashionable being locked in, and reaches the purpose of restriction swing.

With reference to accompanying drawing 4, the structure of center of rotation: the front end at semi girder 10-7 is fixed with axle sleeve 10-11, be provided with central axis 10-10 in the axle sleeve 10-11, central axis 10-10 upper end is fixed with gear wheel 10-9, be provided with on semi girder 10-7 with gear wheel 10-9 and drive the pinion 10-3 that cooperates, pinion 10-3 is by hydraulic pressure or electrical motor driven.

Its operating principle is that by the rotation of control pinion driving gear wheel, along with rotating, after being rotated in place, drilling rod is released or clamping mechanical arm by supporter.

With reference to accompanying drawing 5, this device is lifted on upper brace 23 and the pipe racking frame 24 by cantilever beams 21, and its front end is located on the center between the pipe racking frame, and center of rotation 10 is located at front position, is connected with drilling rod 9 below by rising arm 2.

Entire work process is: start rising arm to the pipe racking frame, utilize manipulator to grasp drilling rod, the while centralizer adds holds drilling rod, and arm and telescopic arm adjust hoisting in the time of the center of rotation rotation, after drilling rod arrives well head 22 positions, finish the conveying of drilling rod to well head.Inverse process is transported to the well head drilling rod on the pipe racking frame of offshore boring island.

Manipulator in the foregoing description, centralizer and center of rotation are not limited to this, according to scheme of the present utility model, can be used with manipulator, centralizer and the center of rotation of multiple structure.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of cantilevered well pipe handling equipment, comprise manipulator and mechanical arm, it is characterized in that: mechanical arm comprises rising arm and telescopic arm, rising arm one end and telescopic arm hinge, be fixedly connected with the telescopic drive cylinder between rising arm and telescopic arm, the other end hinge of rising arm and is fixedly connected with the telescopic drive cylinder between supporter and rising arm on supporter, supporter top is connected on the center of rotation, and manipulator is connected on the telescopic arm.
2, cantilevered well pipe handling equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: telescopic arm is the lengthening telescopic arm that is driven by the telescopic drive cylinder, and manipulator is fixed on an end of telescopic arm, and the other end is fixed with stile.
3, cantilevered well pipe handling equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described manipulator is to run through in the contiguous block both sides to be fixed with an above axis of guide, be respectively installed with grip block on the axis of guide of both sides, two grip blocks stretch out the ipsilateral of contiguous block with side, and be respectively equipped with slip insert at the opposite face of extension, between two grip blocks, also be provided with along the flexible telescopic drive cylinder of axis of guide direction, at contiguous block or/and be provided with the keyhole that is connected with telescopic arm on the grip block.
4, cantilevered well pipe handling equipment according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the slip insert and the grip block that are provided with on grip block are structure as a whole, and perhaps are the branch body structure by bolt, and slip insert is an arc.
5, cantilevered well pipe handling equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described stile is that two axis holes are set on the riser of a right angle bracing frame at interval, be penetrated with respectively in the axis hole and set upright pawl, vertical telescopic drive mechanism is set on the horizontal base of right angle bracing frame, the upper end of driving mechanism is fixed with contiguous block, the two ends of contiguous block are connected cooperation with the medial extremity of setting upright pawl by locking bolt respectively with chute, at the other end of setting upright pawl the arc pawl is set.
6, according to the arbitrary described cantilevered well pipe handling equipment of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described center of rotation is to run through central axis in axle sleeve, central axis top is connected with gear wheel, one side is fixed with pinion on the top of axle sleeve, pinion and gear wheel engagement, the central axis of center of rotation is connected with supporter.
7, cantilevered well pipe handling equipment according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described telescopic drive cylinder is a kind of of hydraulic cylinder or pneumatic linear actuator.
CNU2009200237505U 2009-03-13 2009-03-13 Cantilever type drill pipe racking device CN201363107Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2009200237505U CN201363107Y (en) 2009-03-13 2009-03-13 Cantilever type drill pipe racking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2009200237505U CN201363107Y (en) 2009-03-13 2009-03-13 Cantilever type drill pipe racking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201363107Y true CN201363107Y (en) 2009-12-16

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CNU2009200237505U CN201363107Y (en) 2009-03-13 2009-03-13 Cantilever type drill pipe racking device

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174879A (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-09-07 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Kelly board tubular column arrangement system and operation method thereof
CN102191922A (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-21 中国石油天然气集团公司 Tubular column migration and centralizing device for drilling machine
CN102434117A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-05-02 吉林大学 Drill rod assembling and disassembling mechanical arm of myriameter well drill
CN103233691A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-08-07 中煤科工集团重庆研究院 Large-dip-angle drill pipe delivering device supporting coal drilling rig
CN103299023A (en) * 2010-12-30 2013-09-11 阿特拉斯科普柯克雷柳斯有限公司 Device and method for handling drill string components, as well as rock drilling rig
CN104265206A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 青岛永通电梯工程有限公司 Racking platform bent arm pushing type drill rod discharging mechanical arm
CN105178894A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 北京天和众邦勘探技术股份有限公司 Auxiliary drill-rod mounting/demounting device
CN107128439A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-09-05 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of distance-adjustable oar hub assembly tooling

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102191922A (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-21 中国石油天然气集团公司 Tubular column migration and centralizing device for drilling machine
CN103299023A (en) * 2010-12-30 2013-09-11 阿特拉斯科普柯克雷柳斯有限公司 Device and method for handling drill string components, as well as rock drilling rig
CN102174879A (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-09-07 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Kelly board tubular column arrangement system and operation method thereof
CN102174879B (en) * 2011-03-21 2013-03-13 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Platform tubular column arrangement system and operation method thereof
CN102434117A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-05-02 吉林大学 Drill rod assembling and disassembling mechanical arm of myriameter well drill
CN103233691A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-08-07 中煤科工集团重庆研究院 Large-dip-angle drill pipe delivering device supporting coal drilling rig
CN104265206A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 青岛永通电梯工程有限公司 Racking platform bent arm pushing type drill rod discharging mechanical arm
CN105178894A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 北京天和众邦勘探技术股份有限公司 Auxiliary drill-rod mounting/demounting device
CN107128439A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-09-05 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of distance-adjustable oar hub assembly tooling
CN107128439B (en) * 2017-03-01 2019-06-21 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of distance-adjustable oar hub assembly tooling

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091216

Termination date: 20140313