CN201350970Y - Pressure control device for airship capsule - Google Patents

Pressure control device for airship capsule Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201350970Y
CN201350970Y CNU2008202340065U CN200820234006U CN201350970Y CN 201350970 Y CN201350970 Y CN 201350970Y CN U2008202340065 U CNU2008202340065 U CN U2008202340065U CN 200820234006 U CN200820234006 U CN 200820234006U CN 201350970 Y CN201350970 Y CN 201350970Y
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boat
balloon
airship
sub
capsule
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CNU2008202340065U
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Chinese (zh)
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泰 庞
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北京龙圣联成航空科技有限公司
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Abstract

A pressure control device for an airship capsule comprises a secondary capsule positioned inside the airship capsule, an inflation electrical valve, a deflation electrical valve, a compressed air supplying device, pressure sensors and a control system, wherein the inflation electrical valve and the deflation electrical valve are connected with the secondary capsule. Moreover, the control device employs a single-chip microcomputer system, one or a plurality of pressure sensors are arranged outside the airship capsule, inside the airship capsule and inside the secondary capsule, and the single-chip microcomputer system is electrically connected with the pressure sensors, the inflation electrical valve, the deflation electrical valve and the compressed air supplying device. Further, perfection and precise control of pressure difference between the airship capsule and external air can be performed by the single-chip microcomputer system, circuits of a central processor, a read-only memory, a random access memory, an input-output interface and the like are all produced inside one integrated circuit, and the overall single-chip microcomputer system with few elements, small volume and light weight saves valuable space and loading capacity for an airship. Besides, the pressure control device for the airship capsule can realize multiple gesture control and finish various tasks better.

Description

飞艇艇囊压力控制装置 Airship boat balloon pressure control means

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种飞艇控制装置,特别是一种飞艇艇囊压力控制装置。 The present invention relates to an airship control apparatus, particularly to a boat airship balloon pressure control means. 背景技术 Background technique

现代飞艇基本上都采用软式飞艇的结构。 Modern structural basically using airship blimp. 由于软式飞艇的外廓没有刚性骨架,为了保持软式飞艇的外廓形状,就需要灌充小比重气体的飞艇艇囊保持高于外界大气的压强。 Since the outer profile blimp is not a rigid skeleton, in order to keep the outline shape blimp, requires filling a small proportion of the gas remains above the balloon airship boat outside atmospheric pressure. 当飞艇在空中的高度改变后,周围的大气压强就会变化,从而引起密闭的飞艇艇囊的体积也随着改变。 When the airship height change in the air, around the atmospheric pressure will change, causing the volume of the closed boat airship balloon will change accordingly. 当飞艇降低高度,外界的大气压强升高时,艇囊的体积会因受压而縮小;当飞艇增加高度,外界的大气压强降低时,艇囊的体积会因减压而增大。 When the airship to reduce the height, external atmospheric pressure increases, the volume of the bladder due to the boat and reduced pressure; when increasing the height of the airship, the outside atmospheric pressure reduced, the bladder volume of the boat due to increased pressure. 艇囊体积的改变不仅会引起飞艇升力的变化,更严重的是当飞艇增加高度,外界的大气压强降低后,艇囊有可能因体积过分增大,超过艇囊材料的强度和变形极限而导致艇囊破裂,造成艇毁人亡的严重事故,外界温度的变化,也会引起飞艇艇囊体积的改变,从而引起飞艇升力和艇囊材料受力的改变,飞艇上升和下降时,也需要改变飞艇艇囊的体积以改变升力。 Boat sac volume change will not only cause changes in the lift of the airship, more serious is when the airship to increase the height of the outside atmospheric pressure decreases, the boat bag may be due to an excessive increase in volume, exceeding the limit of strength and deformation of the material caused by boat bag boat capsule rupture, resulting in serious accident boat crash, outside temperature changes will cause changes in bladder volume airship boat, causing the boat lift and change the airship material force of the bag, when the airship rise and fall, also need to change airship boat lift bladder to change the volume. 为了在不释放宝贵的小比重气体的情况下,保证飞艇艇囊的体积不因飞艇高度的改变而过分变化,并能通过调整艇囊的体积改变升力的大小,现代飞艇的艇囊内都设置了可充放空气的辅助气囊, 通过辅助气囊的充放气,改变辅助气囊的体积,从而抵消因高度和温度的改变而引起的飞艇艇囊体积的变化,保证飞艇艇囊的安全,并且通过改变辅助气囊的体积,改变艇囊的升力。 In order without releasing valuable small proportion of gas, the volume of the balloon to ensure that the airship boats do not influence the height of the airship changes excessively, and the volume is adjusted by changing the size of the boat lift bladder, intracapsular modern boats are set airship the rechargeable discharge ballonet air deflated by charging the auxiliary airbag, changing the volume of the auxiliary air bag, so as to cancel the change airship boat bladder volume due to changes in altitude and temperature caused ensure airship boat balloon safe, and by changing the volume of the auxiliary air bag, the bladder changing boat lift. 由于飞艇在高度和外界温度改变以及改变升力时,辅助气囊需要及时地进行充气和放气,而且充气和放气要严格参照飞艇艇囊的体积、艇囊内外压强的数值进行,操作过程非常复杂,因此现代飞艇经常使用微型计算机系统管理和控制辅助气囊的充气和放气的过程, 但是通常使用的这类微型计算机系统,都是单板微型计算机系统,中央处理器、只读存储器、随机存储器、输入输出接口等功能,分别由不同的集成电路承担,因此造成飞艇艇囊压力控制装置的元件多,体积大,重量大,过多地耗用了飞艇上宝贵的空间和载荷量。 Since the airship in height and ambient temperature changes and change the lift, the auxiliary airbag needs to be inflated and deflated in a timely manner, and inflated and deflated to strictly refer to the volume of the airship boat bladder, boats bladder values ​​inside and outside the pressure is, the operation is very complicated Therefore modern airship often used inflation and deflation processes microcomputer system management and control of the auxiliary air bag, but such a microcomputer system is generally used, are the single board microcomputer system, a central processing unit, read only memory, a random access memory , input-output interface functions, respectively, assume the different integrated circuits, thus causing the balloon airship boat pressure control apparatus of a multi-element, bulky, heavy, consume too much valuable space and load capacity on the airship.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

为了解决现有飞艇艇囊压力控制装置元件多,体积大,重量大的缺陷,本实用新型提出一种飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,所采用的技术方案是:飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,包括位于艇囊内的副囊、与副囊连接的充气电动阀门和放气电动陶门及压缩空气供给装置、压力传感器以及控制系统,控制系统设有单片微型计算机系统,艇囊外、艇囊内和副囊内设有1 个或多个压力传感器,单片微型计算机系统与压力传感器、充气电动阀门、放气电动阀门和压縮空气供给装置电连接。 To address deficiencies of the prior boat airship balloon pressure control device elements, large volume, heavy weight, the present invention provides a boat airship balloon pressure control means, the technical proposal: airship boat balloon pressure control means comprises bladder sub boat sac, inflatable balloon electric valve is connected to the sub-electric ceramic and deflation of doors and compressed air supply, a pressure sensor and a control system, a control system is provided with one-chip microcomputer system, extracapsular boats, boat intracapsular and a sub-capsule with one or more pressure sensors, one-chip microcomputer system with a pressure sensor, a pneumatic electric valve, electric valve and bleed the compressed air supply device is electrically connected.

艇囊内设有1个副囊,副囊位于沿艇囊长度方向的中部重心位置。 Intracapsular boat has a center of gravity position of the middle sub balloon, the balloon is located in the sub-direction along the length of the balloon boat. 艇囊内设有2个副囊,2个副囊分别位于沿艇囊长度方向的两端。 Intracapsular boat has two sub bladder, the bladder 2 at each end of the sub-boat along the longitudinal direction of the balloon. 艇囊内分别设有主副囊、头部副囊和尾部副囊,主副囊位于沿艇囊长度方向的中部, 头部副囊和尾部副囊分别位于沿艇囊长度方向的头部和尾部。 Boats are provided with primary and secondary intracapsular bladder, the bladder and the sub-sub-tail head bladder, the bladder is located along the longitudinal direction of the boat central primary and secondary balloon, the balloon and a secondary balloon sub-head are at the head of the tail along the longitudinal direction of the boat and the balloon tail. 艇囊外、艇囊内和每个副囊内至少设有l个压力传感器。 Extracapsular boats, boats each capsule and the capsule is provided with at least the sub-l pressure sensors. 单片微型计算机系统设有数据传输接口。 Chip microcomputer system provided with a data transmission interface.

控制系统设有遥控装置,遥控装置与单片微型计算机系统电连接。 The control system is provided with a remote control device, remote control device connected to the system power-chip microcomputer. 压力传感器是硅电容压力传感器。 Silicon capacitive pressure sensor is a pressure sensor.

本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,采用上述技术方案能够取得的技术效果是,控制装置采用单片微型计算机系统,艇囊外、艇囊内和副囊内设有1个或多个压力传感器, 单片微型计算机系统与压力传感器、充气电动阀门、放气电动阀门和压縮空气供给装置电连接,可以通过单片微型计算机系统,对艇囊与外部大气的压差进行完善、精确的控制, 中央处理器、只读存储器、随机存储器、输入输出接口等电路,都制作在一块集成电路内, 整个单片微型计算机系统元件少,体积小,重量轻,为飞艇节省了宝贵的空间和载荷量。 Airship of the present invention boat balloon pressure control means using the above technical solutions technical effects can be achieved, the control device using single-chip micro computer system outboard bag, capsule, and the sub-boat provided with a capsule or more pressure sensor chip microcomputer system with a pressure sensor, a pneumatic electric valves, electric valves and gassing device is electrically connected to a compressed air supply, it may be to improve the boat bladder pressure external atmosphere by one-chip microcomputer system, precise control, the central processor, read-only memory, random access memory, input-output interface circuits are fabricated within an integrated circuit, the whole chip microcomputer system less components, small size, light weight, for the airship and saves valuable space load carrying capacity.

艇囊内设有1个副囊,副囊位于沿艇囊长度方向的中部重心位置,可以使用最简单的结构,对飞艇艇囊与外部大气的压差进行控制,并且由于副囊位于飞艇艇囊的重心位置, 不会因副囊的充、放气而使飞艇艇囊偏离正常的姿态。 Intracapsular boat with a sub-capsule, the capsule is located in the sub-boat along the longitudinal direction of the balloon the central position of the center of gravity, can use the most simple structure of the boat airship balloon pressure with the outside atmosphere is controlled, and since the bladder is located in the sub-boat airship the center of gravity position of the balloon, the balloon will not sub inflation and deflation of the balloon airship boat deviation from the normal posture.

艇囊内设有2个副囊,2个副囊分别位于沿艇囊长度方向的两端,通过对2个副囊的分别控制,可以使艇囊在与外部大气保持正常压差的同时,使飞艇艇囊处于水平、头部抬高或尾部抬高的姿态,以适应飞艇观察、吊装、运输等不同的姿态需求。 Intracapsular boat has two sub bladder, the bladder 2 at each end of the sub-boat along the longitudinal direction of the balloon, by separately controlling two sub balloon, while the balloon may cause the boat to maintain normal pressure with the outside atmosphere, airship balloon in the boat level, raise the head or tail raised posture to suit the needs of different attitude airship observation, lifting and transportation.

艇囊内分别设有主副囊、头部副囊和尾部副囊,主副囊位于沿艇囊长度方向的中部, 头部副囊和尾部副囊分别位于沿艇囊长度方向的头部和尾部,通过对3个副囊的分别控制, Boats are provided with primary and secondary intracapsular bladder, the bladder and the sub-sub-tail head bladder, the bladder is located along the longitudinal direction of the boat central primary and secondary balloon, the balloon and a secondary balloon sub-head are at the head of the tail along the longitudinal direction of the boat and the balloon tail, by controlling the three sub-sac,

可以使艇囊在与外部大气保持正常压差的同时,对艇囊的水平、头部抬高或尾部抬高的姿 Boat while the balloon can maintain normal pressure with the outside air, the level of the boat bladder, head up or tail elevated posture

4态,进行更精确的控制,更好地适应飞艇不同的姿态需求。 4 states, more precise control, to better adapt to different requirements pose airship.

艇囊外、艇囊内和每个副囊内至少设有1个压力传感器,可以准确、实时地监测艇囊外的周围大气压强、艇囊内及每个副囊内的压强,并在飞艇的高度、飞行速度以及风速等因素存在动态变化时,及时监测相关动态变化的数值,以便压力控制装置随时对每个副囊的空气压强进行调整,使飞艇艇囊与外部大气的压差处于最佳状态。 Outboard bag, capsule, and each of the sub-boat provided with at least one capsule a pressure sensor that can accurately monitored in real time ambient atmospheric pressure outside the balloon boats, boats and Pressure capsule each sub-sac, and the airship when the presence of dynamically changing altitude, speed, and wind speed and other factors, timely monitoring of dynamic value related to the air pressure control device at any time for each sub-bladder pressure is adjusted so that the boat airship balloon pressure with the outside atmosphere in the most good state.

单片微型计算机系统设有数据传输接口,便于向控制系统输入新的控制程序,监测控制系统的工作状态,输出控制系统的历史记录数据,和对控制系统进行调试和维修。 Chip microcomputer system provided with a data transmission interface, easy to enter new control program to the control system, the operating state history data of monitoring and control system, the output of the control system, and debugging and maintenance of the control system.

控制系统设有与单片微型计算机系统电连接的遥控装置,可以为飞艇艇囊压力控制装置在常规的人工控制方式和自动控制方式之外,增加艇外遥控方式,增加了艇囊压力的控制方法,便于飞艇操作人员进行选择。 The control system is provided with a remote control device connected to the electrical system of the one-chip microcomputer, the control means may be a pressure bladder into the boat boat addition to conventional manual control and automatic control mode, remote control mode outboard increased, increasing the pressure in the balloon control the boat A method to facilitate the operator to select the airship.

压力传感器是硅电容压力传感器,可以发挥硅电容压力传感器精度高、稳定性好的特点,便于与飞艇艇囊压力控制装置配合使用。 Silicon capacitive pressure sensor is a pressure sensor, can play a silicon capacitive pressure sensor of high accuracy, good stability, and facilitate the boat airship balloon pressure control means used in conjunction.

使用本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,可以节省控制装置占用的空间和载荷量, 对飞艇艇囊与外部大气的压差进行多种方式的控制,控制精度高,飞艇艇囊可以实现多种姿态,能够适应各种观察、吊装、运输的需要,使飞艇保持最佳的工作状态,更好地完成各种工作任务。 Use of the present invention boat airship balloon pressure control means, and can save space occupied by the loading amount control means, the pressure difference of the balloon airship boat outside air is controlled in many ways, high precision control, the balloon can achieve multi boat airship kind of attitude, able to adapt to a variety of observations, lifting, transportation needs, the airship maintain the best working conditions, better accomplish various tasks.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

附图1是本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置的结构示意图。 1 is a boat according to the present invention airship schematic structural balloon pressure control device. 附图2是本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置的电原理图。 Figure 2 is a boat according to the present invention airship balloon electrical schematic diagram of a pressure control device. 附图中标示的含义如下: Figures marked have the following meanings:

l一艇囊,ll一主副囊,12—头部副囊,13—尾部副囊,2—压縮空气供给装置,22— 信号转换装置,211—主副囊充气电动阀门,212—头部副囊充气电动阀门,213—尾部副囊充气电动阀门,221—主副囊放气电动阀门,222—头部副囊放气电动阀门,223—尾部副囊放气电动阀门,301—艇囊外压力传感器,302—艇囊内压力传感器,31—主副囊压力传感器,32—头部副囊压力传感器,33—尾部副囊压力传感器,4一单片微型计算机系统,41一信号输入端,42—信号输出端,43—数据传输接口, 44一人工操作键盘,5—控制系统,6 一吊篮, l a boat bladder, ll a primary and secondary balloon, the balloon sub-head 12-, 13- tail sub bladder, 2- compressed air supply means, signal conversion means 22-, 211- inflate the primary and secondary electric valves, head 212- sub-unit electric valves inflatable bladder, the inflatable bladder 213- tail sub-electric valve, the primary and secondary balloon deflation 221- electric valves, 222- deflate the balloon head sub-electric valve, 223- deflate the balloon tail sub-electric valve, the boat 301 extracapsular pressure sensor, a pressure sensor capsule boat 302, the primary and secondary bladder pressure sensor 31-, 32- bladder pressure sensor sub-head, tail sub bladder pressure sensor 33, a one-chip microcomputer system 4, a signal input 41 end of the 42 signal output terminal, a data transmission interface 43, a manual keyboard 44, 5-control system, 6 a basket,

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

附图1是本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置的结构示意图,飞艇艇囊1内设有主副囊ll、头部副囊12、尾部副囊13,各副囊分别设有主副囊充气电动阀门211、主副囊放气电动阀门221、头部副囊充气电动阀门212、头部副囊放气电动阀门222、尾部副囊充气电动阀门213和尾部副囊放气电动阀门223,飞艇吊篮6内设有压縮空气供给装置2,压縮空气供给装置2可以根据需要选用轴流风机、离心风机或重量较轻、能效比较高的各类空气压縮机,压缩空气供给装置2与各个副囊的充气电动阀门相连接,使压缩空气可以进入各个副囊,各个副囊的放气电动阀门221、 222、 223通向艇囊的外侧,用于释放各副囊中的空气。 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention boat airship balloon pressure control apparatus, the balloon airship boat 1 equipped with primary and secondary balloon ll, the sub-header bladder 12, the bladder sub tail 13, each of the sub bag are provided with primary and secondary balloon The pneumatic electric valve 211, the primary and secondary balloon 221 deflated electric valve, electric valve head 212 sub inflate, deflate the balloon head sub 222 electric valves, electric valves tail sub inflate the balloon 213 and the sub-electric tail bleed valve 223, 6 airship basket equipped with compressed air supply means 2, a compressed air supply means 2 may need to use axial flow fan, centrifugal fan, or lighter weight, higher energy efficiency of various types of air compressors, the compressed air supply 2 is connected to the pneumatic electric valve each secondary balloon, the compressed air can enter the respective sub-bag, each of the secondary balloon deflation electric valves 221, 222, 223 leading to the outside of the balloon boat, for each of the sub air bag release . 副囊采用制造飞艇艇囊的材料制造,材料要求强度高、比重小、不易老化,可以使用聚酰胺、聚酯等材料的纤维织物,纤维织物表面需涂敷阻气涂层,也可以使用含有聚酰胺、聚酯或聚偏二氯乙烯等阻气层的复合膜材料制造。 The balloon material employed for manufacturing the sub-boat airship bladder, high strength material, the proportion of small, not aging, fibrous web materials may be used polyamides, polyesters and the like, the surface of the fiber fabric coated with gas barrier coating required, may also be used containing gas barrier layer of polyamide, polyester, polyvinylidene chloride and the like, or a composite film material. 艇囊1外、艇囊1内和主副囊11、 头部副囊12及尾部副囊13内分别设有艇囊外压力传感器301、艇囊内压力传感器302、主副囊压力传感器31、头部副囊压力传感器32和尾部副囊压力传感器33。 An outer bladder boat, the boat 1 and the primary and secondary inner bladder bag 11, the bladder 12 and the sub-sub-head capsule boat tail 13 are provided within the outer bag pressure sensor 301, pressure sensor 302 boat capsule, main bladder pressure sensor 31, sub-head and tail bladder pressure sensor 32 pressure sensor 33 sub balloon. 设有单片微型计算机系统4的控制系统5设置在吊篮6内,并与各充气电动阀门、各放气电动阀门、压縮空气供给装置2、各压力传感器电连接。 The control system has a one-chip microcomputer system 4 5 6 disposed in the basket, and each of the pneumatic electric valve, each of the electric bleed valve, the compressed air supply means 2, each of the pressure sensor is electrically connected.

附图2是本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置的电原理图,控制系统5中设置的单片微型计算机系统4采用ATMEGA8型单片微型计算机,该单片微型计算机自带10位高精度的模/数转换器,便于将压力传感器提供的模拟信号转换为数字信号后,由单片微型计算机系统4进行处理,并对飞艇艇囊与外部大气的压差进行控制。 Figure 2 is an electrical schematic diagram of apparatus according to the present invention boat airship balloon pressure control, single-chip microcomputer control system provided in the system 5 using 4 ATMEGA8 type one-chip microcomputer, the single-chip microcomputer with a 10-bit high precision a / D converter, converting analog signals to facilitate the pressure sensor provided for the digital signal, processed by a one-chip microcomputer system 4, airships and boats bladder pressure external atmosphere is controlled. 艇囊外压力传感器301、艇囊内压力传感器302、主副囊压力传感器31、头部副囊压力传感器32和尾部副囊压力传感器33与控制系统5的信号输入端41连接,信号经过控制系统5的处理后从信号输出端42输出,根据各种电动阀门不同的控制方式,可以将信号输出端42与电动阀门直接连接,也可以将信号输出端42经过信号转换装置转换为与电动阀门相适应的控制信号,再与电动阀门连接。 Boat extracapsular pressure sensor 301, pressure sensor 302 boat capsule, main bladder pressure sensor 31, the signal input sub-head and tail bladder pressure sensor 32 pressure sensor 33 and the sub-bag control system 5 is connected to terminal 41, the control system via a signal 5 through 42 of the post-processing means converts the signal converted to an electric valve with an output from the signal output terminal 42, depending on the various electric valve control signal output terminal 42 may be directly connected with the electric valve, it may be a signal output terminal adaptation of the control signal, and then connected to the electric valve. 本实施方式中,在信号输出端42的后面设有信号转换装置22,信号输出端42输出的信号经过信号转换装置22转换为与电动阀门相适应的控制信号,再与主副囊充气电动阀门211、主副囊放气电动阀门221、头部副囊充气电动阀门212、头部副囊放气电动阀门222、 In the present embodiment, the signal output terminal 42 is provided behind the signal converting means 22, the signal output from the signal output terminal 42 through the signal conversion means 22 converts the electric signal to a control valve adapted, and then inflate the primary and secondary electric valve 211, main balloon deflation electric valve 221, inflate the head sub-electric valve 212, deflate the balloon head sub electric valves 222,

6尾部副囊充气电动阀门213和尾部副囊放气电动阀门223进行电连接。 6 Tail electric valve sub inflate the balloon 213 and the sub-electric tail bleed valve 223 is electrically connected. 控制压缩空气供给装置2的信号,从信号输出端42输出后,也经过信号转换装置22转换为与压缩空气供给装置2相适应的控制信号,再与压縮空气供给装置2进行电连接。 Compressed air supply control signal 2, the output from the signal output terminal 42, and the converted signal converting means 22 is electrically connected to a compressed air supply means and the control signal 2 is adapted, with the compressed air supply means 2 again. 控制系统5还设有数据传输接口43、人工操作键盘44和遥控装置45,为便于交换数据,数据传输接口43首选RS232接口。 The control system 5 is also provided with a data transmission interface 43, a keyboard 44 and a manually operated remote control apparatus 45, to facilitate the exchange of data, the data transfer interface 43 preferred RS232 interface.

飞艇艇囊压力控制装置对飞艇艇囊基本的压力控制方式如下表所示: Airship balloon pressure control means boat boat airship balloon pressure control substantially as shown in the following table:

启动条件 控制目标 主副囊动作 头部副囊动作 尾部副囊动作 Start condition control target primary and secondary deputy head capsule sac action action action vice tail bag

飞艇上升 升力增加 放气 放气 放气 Increased lift airship rise deflation deflation deflation

飞艇下降 升力减小 充气 充气 充气 Inflatable Inflatable airship drop reducing the lift inflatable

外界压强减小内外压差加大 减小压差 放气 放气 放气 The external pressure is reduced to increase internal and external pressure to reduce the pressure deflated deflated deflated

外界压强加大内外压差减小 加大压差 充气 充气 充气 The external pressure is reduced to increase the pressure to increase internal and external pressure inflatable inflatable inflatable

高度维持不变内外压差不变 艇囊头部抬高 不变 放气 充气 Height remains unchanged and external pressure unchanged boats head up the same bag deflated inflatable

高度维持不变内外压差不变 艇囊尾部抬高 不变 充气 放气 Height remains unchanged constant internal and external pressure to raise the same boat tail bag inflated deflate

本实用新型各种简化的实施方式,可以在上述方案的基础上删减后方便地实施。 The present invention simplifies the various embodiments, the deletion can be easily implemented on the basis of the above scheme. 本实用新型的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,在上述实施例的基础上,采用代换或变换的方法所产生的实施方案,都在本实用新型的保护范围之内。 Airship of the present invention boat balloon pressure control means, in the above embodiment, the method of using the embodiment of substitution or conversion of the generated, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (8)

1、飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,包括位于艇囊内的副囊、与副囊连接的充气电动阀门和放气电动阀门及压缩空气供给装置、压力传感器以及控制系统,其特征在于:所述控制系统设有单片微型计算机系统,艇囊外、艇囊内和副囊内设有1个或多个压力传感器,所述单片微型计算机系统与压力传感器、充气电动阀门、放气电动阀门和压缩空气供给装置电连接。 1, the balloon pressure control means airship boat, the boat includes a bladder sub sac, inflatable bag connected to the sub electric valve and electric bleed valve and compressed air supply, a pressure sensor and a control system, characterized in that: said control the system has a one-chip microcomputer system, extracapsular boats, boats, and the sub-capsule has a capsule or a plurality of pressure sensors, the one-chip microcomputer system with a pressure sensor, a pneumatic electric valves, electric valves and gassing means electrically connected to a compressed air supply.
2、 权利要求1所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述艇囊内设有l个副囊, 所述副囊位于沿艇囊长度方向的中部重心位置。 2, the boat airship as claimed in claim 1, the balloon pressure control apparatus, wherein: said capsule is provided with boat l sub balloon, the secondary balloon located at the center of gravity position of the balloon along the longitudinal direction of the middle of the boat.
3、 权利要求1所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述艇囊内设有2个副囊, 所述2个副囊分别位于沿艇囊长度方向的两端。 3, the airship boat as claimed in claim 1, the balloon pressure control apparatus, wherein: said capsule is provided with two sub boat bladder, the bladder 2 at each end of the sub-boat along the longitudinal direction of the balloon.
4、 权利要求1所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述艇囊内分别设有主副囊、 头部副囊和尾部副囊,主副囊位于沿艇囊长度方向的中部,头部副囊和尾部副囊分别位于沿艇囊长度方向的头部和尾部。 4, boat airship according to claim 1 balloon pressure control apparatus, wherein: said primary and secondary boat capsule are respectively provided with the balloon, the balloon and a secondary balloon head sub-tail, main balloon positioned along the longitudinal direction of the balloon boat middle, the head and the sub sub bladder balloon tail head and tail are positioned along the longitudinal direction of the balloon boats.
5、 权利要求1至5所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述艇囊外、艇囊内和每个副囊内至少设有1个压力传感器。 5, the boat 1 to 5 airship as claimed in claim balloon pressure control device, characterized in that: said outer bag boat, boat and each capsule has at least one sub intracapsular pressure sensors.
6、 权利要求1所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述单片微型计算机系统设有数据传输接口。 6, boat airship according to claim 1 balloon pressure control apparatus, wherein: said one-chip microcomputer system provided with a data transmission interface.
7、 权利要求1所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述控制系统设有遥控装置, 所述遥控装置与单片微型计算机系统电连接。 7, the boat 1 airship balloon pressure control apparatus as claimed in claim, wherein: said control system is provided with a remote control device, the remote control device is connected to the one-chip microcomputer system power.
8、 权利要求1所述的飞艇艇囊压力控制装置,其特征在于:所述压力传感器是硅电容压力传感器。 8, boat airship according to claim 1 balloon pressure control apparatus, wherein: said pressure sensor is a silicon capacitive pressure sensor.
CNU2008202340065U 2008-12-30 2008-12-30 Pressure control device for airship capsule CN201350970Y (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102205876A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-10-05 中国特种飞行器研究所 Comprehensive control method for keeping fixed-point height of airship in stratosphere
CN103072686A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-05-01 青岛飞宇航空科技有限公司 Inflation valve and diaphragm structure product
CN103287567A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-11 青岛飞宇航空科技有限公司 Automatic inflating and deflating air pressure adjusting system of air bag of aerostat
CN103303457A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-18 北京新誉防务技术研究院有限公司 Soft and hard hybrid airship and control method thereof
CN103600831A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-02-26 新誉集团有限公司 Capsule self-forming anti-damage inflation auxiliary mechanism for non-rigid airship and inflation method thereof
CN103847948A (en) * 2013-08-28 2014-06-11 中国特种飞行器研究所 Ground measuring and controlling device for floating air craft
CN104386235A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 厦门大学 Stratospheric airship with ballast compartments
CN104648652A (en) * 2015-02-25 2015-05-27 中国科学院光电研究院 Automatic control circuit of aerostat safety valve
CN106114811A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-16 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of sounding balloon
CN106218852A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of using method of sounding balloon
CN106516068A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-03-22 清华大学 Intelligent balloon

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102205876A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-10-05 中国特种飞行器研究所 Comprehensive control method for keeping fixed-point height of airship in stratosphere
CN103072686A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-05-01 青岛飞宇航空科技有限公司 Inflation valve and diaphragm structure product
CN103072686B (en) * 2012-12-29 2015-03-25 青岛中航浮空器研究所 Inflation valve and diaphragm structure product
CN103287567B (en) * 2013-05-22 2015-06-17 青岛飞宇航空科技有限公司 Automatic inflating and deflating air pressure adjusting system of air bag of aerostat
CN103287567A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-11 青岛飞宇航空科技有限公司 Automatic inflating and deflating air pressure adjusting system of air bag of aerostat
CN103303457A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-18 北京新誉防务技术研究院有限公司 Soft and hard hybrid airship and control method thereof
CN103847948A (en) * 2013-08-28 2014-06-11 中国特种飞行器研究所 Ground measuring and controlling device for floating air craft
CN103600831A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-02-26 新誉集团有限公司 Capsule self-forming anti-damage inflation auxiliary mechanism for non-rigid airship and inflation method thereof
CN104386235A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 厦门大学 Stratospheric airship with ballast compartments
CN104648652A (en) * 2015-02-25 2015-05-27 中国科学院光电研究院 Automatic control circuit of aerostat safety valve
CN104648652B (en) * 2015-02-25 2017-01-04 中国科学院光电研究院 A kind of automatic control circuit of aerostatics relief valve
CN106114811A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-16 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of sounding balloon
CN106218852A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of using method of sounding balloon
CN106516068A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-03-22 清华大学 Intelligent balloon

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