CN201349040Y - Battery set and battery pack including same - Google Patents

Battery set and battery pack including same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201349040Y
CN201349040Y CN 200820212522 CN200820212522U CN201349040Y CN 201349040 Y CN201349040 Y CN 201349040Y CN 200820212522 CN200820212522 CN 200820212522 CN 200820212522 U CN200820212522 U CN 200820212522U CN 201349040 Y CN201349040 Y CN 201349040Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery pack
battery
described
monocell
fluid passage
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200820212522
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱建华
郑卫鑫
Original Assignee
比亚迪股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 比亚迪股份有限公司 filed Critical 比亚迪股份有限公司
Priority to CN 200820212522 priority Critical patent/CN201349040Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201349040Y publication Critical patent/CN201349040Y/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/12Battery technologies with an indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation

Abstract

Disclosed is a battery set. The battery set comprises at least one single battery and a fluid flow passage surrounding the single battery, wherein the fluid flow passage is provided with a flow inlet and a flow outlet which are communicated, and at least one portion of electrode terminals of the single batteries are placed in the fluid flow passage. Further, a battery pack is disclosed, which comprises a plurality of battery sets sequentially arranged, the battery sets are provided by the utility model, and the flow inlets and the flow outlets of a plurality of battery sets are communicated with each other. According to the battery set and the battery pack, a separating plate arranged between the single batteries is eliminated, thereby greatly decreasing volume and weight of the battery set and the battery pack while realizing effective heat dissipation function, and eventually increasing energy volume ratio of the battery set and the battery pack.

Description

A kind of battery pack and the power brick that comprises this battery pack

Technical field

The present invention relates to the secondary cell field, more particularly, relate to a kind of battery pack and the power brick that comprises this battery pack of secondary cell.

Background technology

Because secondary cell has and can repeatedly charge, with the reusable characteristics of repeated multiple times, thereby, the device of the supply electric energy of disposable battery as an alternative, secondary cell (as lithium ion battery) is applied to various workplaces more and more, perhaps be applied in electric automobile or the hybrid vehicle in the various portable electric appts as being applied to.

But secondary cell can produce a large amount of heats in charging and discharge process, and this heat not only can influence the performance of battery, and if after heat accumulation arrives to a certain degree, cause the blast of secondary cell possibly.Thereby for secondary cell, having preferably, heat dispersion is very important.

Chinese patent CN1855598A discloses a kind of battery module with radiator structure, as shown in Figure 1.This battery module comprises the monocell 11 of a plurality of connections and holds the housing 12 of these a plurality of monocells 11, wherein, is provided with dividing plate 20 between the described monocell 11, and described housing 12 has circulation medium inlet 12a and circulation medium outlet 12b.In having the battery module of this radiator structure, circulation medium enters the housing 12 from circulation medium inlet 12a, then under the guide effect of dividing plate 20, flow through gap between each monocell 11, flow out housing 12 from circulation medium outlet 12b afterwards, and the heat that produces in monocell 11 in the process of housing 12 of flowing through takes away, thereby realizes effect that battery module is dispelled the heat.

But, in this battery module, owing to must be provided with the dividing plate 20 that is used for the guide flow medium between the adjacent monocell, thereby, the volume of this battery module is relatively large inevitably, and weight is also heavier, thereby makes the energy volume of battery module lower.Therefore, this battery module can not satisfy that the current techniques field has smaller size smaller to the secondary cell needs and than the requirement of light weight.

Summary of the invention

One object of the present invention is to overcome the lower defective of existing battery module energy volume, and a kind of battery pack with higher energy volume ratio is provided.

Another object of the present invention also is to provide a kind of power brick that has than the macro-energy volume ratio, and this power brick comprises the above-mentioned battery pack that has than the macro-energy volume ratio.

According to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of battery pack is provided, this battery pack comprises at least one monocell and centers on the fluid passage of this at least one monocell, wherein, described fluid passage has the inflow entrance and the flow export of connection, and at least a portion of the electrode terminal of described monocell is arranged in described fluid passage.

The inventor discovers, in secondary cell, especially as in the large secondary battery of electrokinetic cell, when its during in charging and discharge, the charging and discharging currents of battery is very big, causes the variations in temperature of entire cell easily.And electric current is concentrated processes by the battery middle part to the battery two ends, and promptly the closer to the direction at battery two ends, current density is high more, temperature is also just high more, and especially on electrode terminal, its area is less relatively, and be that metal material generates heat easily, thereby temperature is the highest on it.The lug junction of electrode, electrode terminal junction all are physical connections in addition, and the impedance of its impedance ratio electrochemical reaction is bigger, and this also is a very high main cause of electrode terminal temperature.Therefore electrode terminal is the key position of battery heat radiation, also is the important step of battery security.

Therefore, according to battery pack provided by the present invention, because in this battery pack, at least one part of the electrode terminal of monocell is arranged in the fluid passage that is used to dispel the heat, thereby, when circulation medium passes through to be communicated with the fluid passage of inflow entrance and flow export, can effectively a large amount of heats of electrode terminal be taken away, thereby play thermolysis.And, compare with above-mentioned existing battery module, omitted the dividing plate that is arranged between the monocell, thereby in the effect that realizes efficiently radiates heat, the volume and weight of battery pack is descended greatly, thereby battery pack provided by the present invention have higher energy volume ratio.

According to a further aspect in the invention, also provide a kind of power brick, this power brick comprises a plurality of battery pack that are arranged in order, and wherein, described battery pack is an above-mentioned battery pack provided by the present invention, and the inflow entrance of these a plurality of battery pack and flow export are interconnected.

In this power brick, because power brick is arranged in order by a plurality of battery pack provided by the present invention and is formed by connecting, thereby can utilize the fluid passage in the battery pack that the electrode terminal of monocell is directly effectively dispelled the heat equally, and need not dividing plate is set between monocell, thereby make power brick provided by the present invention have higher energy volume ratio.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of battery module of the prior art;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram according to the battery pack of one embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of battery pack among Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is according to the inflow entrance of the battery pack of another embodiment of the invention and the schematic diagram of flow export;

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram according to the power brick of one embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram according to the power brick of another embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram according to the power brick of another embodiment of the present invention.

Embodiment

Below with reference to accompanying drawing embodiments of the present invention are described in detail.

Extremely shown in Figure 4 as Fig. 2, according to one embodiment of the present invention, a kind of battery pack is provided, this battery pack comprises at least one monocell 1 and centers on the fluid passage 5 of this at least one monocell, wherein, fluid passage 5 has the inflow entrance 3 and the flow export 4 of connection, and at least a portion of the electrode terminal of monocell is arranged in fluid passage 5.

In battery pack provided by the present invention, circulation medium is via inflow entrance 3 incoming fluid passages 5, and in the process via flow export 4 outflows, because at least a portion of the electrode terminal of monocell is positioned at this fluid passage 5, thereby can with the electrode terminal generation heat exchange of monocell, adjust with temperature, realize heating or dispel the heat monocell to monocell.Different with existing battery pack among Fig. 1, fluid passage 5 is not to form by the dividing plate between the monocell, (that is to say but pass through the electrode terminal (end of electrode) of monocell at least and form, at least a portion of the electrode terminal of monocell is arranged in the fluid passage 5 of housing 2), thereby the volume and weight of battery pack is descended greatly, thereby battery pack provided by the present invention has higher energy volume ratio.

In the charging and discharge process of secondary cell, the major part that produces heat promptly is near the electrode terminal (and this electrical terminal) of monocell, thereby, when circulation medium flows through fluid passage 5, can directly contact with the electrode terminal of monocell, can be defined as away the heat that electrode terminal produces, thereby have better radiating effect.

Above-mentioned fluid media (medium) can be various fluids, can be liquid (as silicone oil) or gas (as cooling air).

Fluid passage 5 around monocell 1 can be formed by multiple mode.

According to one embodiment of the present invention, battery pack also comprises the housing 2 that accommodates described at least one monocell 1, and fluid passage 5 is between the inner surface of the outer surface of monocell 1 and housing 2, and inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4 lay respectively on the housing 2.

In this embodiment, after being placed into (a plurality of) monocell 1 in the housing 2, by monocell 1 and housing 2 spaces and the space that forms between this monocell 1 and housing 2 forms above-mentioned fluid passage 5.Different paths can be selected according to the different structure of battery pack in fluid passage 5, is arranged in fluid passage 5 as long as guarantee at least a portion of the electrode terminal of monocell 1, and the requirement of satisfying with the heat exchange of fluid media (medium) gets final product.In this case, fluid passage 5 forms by housing 2 and monocell 1.

According to another embodiment of the invention, the pipeline of fluid passage 5 for being communicated with.In this embodiment, only need be set to around at least one monocell 1 by pipeline, and make at least a portion of the electrode terminal of this monocell 1 be positioned at this pipeline to get final product.With to form fluid passage 5 with monocell 1 with housing 2 in the above-mentioned execution mode different, tubing that the present embodiment utilization is communicated with or pipeline (as plastic pipe or steel pipe etc.) form fluid passage 5, and at least a portion that makes the electrode terminal of monocell 1 is arranged in fluid passage 5, to satisfy the requirement that electrode terminal and circulation medium carry out heat exchange.Owing to form above-mentioned pipeline 5 by the tubing that is communicated with, thereby can guarantee circulation medium is carried out guiding function effectively, thereby utilize drive unit (as air pump or hydraulic pump) in above-mentioned pipeline, to feed the relatively large circulation medium of pressure, to obtain better radiating effect.

And, utilize the pipeline that is communicated with as fluid passage 5, the medium of the above-mentioned fluid passage 5 of flowing through is more suitable for adopting liquid (as silicone oil or cooling fluid) as medium.

A kind of preferred embodiment in, monocell 1 has electrode fin 6, this electrode fin 6 links to each other with the electrode terminal of described monocell 1 and is arranged in fluid passage 5.The effect of electrode fin 6 is heats that electrode terminal produced of conduction monocell 1.Thereby, by this electrode fin 6, the heat that can be timely and effectively the electrode terminal of monocell 1 be produced is transmitted on this electrode fin 6, thereby when circulation medium is flowed through fluid passage 5, more help more heat is passed to circulation medium, have better radiating effect.

Electrode fin 6 can be connected with the electrode terminal of monocell 1 in several ways, as passing through welding or bonding mode, so that electrode fin 6 firmly is connected with the electrode terminal of monocell 1.

According to one embodiment of the present invention, electrode fin 6 can also be integrally formed with the electrode terminal of monocell 1, that is to say, the two is single global facility, so that extensive the manufacturing, thereby reduce manufacturing cost.In this case, electrode fin 6 forms the part of the electrode terminal of monocell 1, is positioned at fluid passage 5, with the heat that electrode was produced of conduction monocell 1.

For the effect of the conduction heat of bringing into play electrode fin 6 effectively, in the preferred case, electrode fin 6 is made by the good conductor material of the heat that comprises metal, as aluminium, copper, aluminium alloy, steel or iron etc.Further preferably, in order to adapt to electrode fin 6 and the integrally formed execution mode of electrode, electrode fin 6 can also be made for the good conductor material of heat and electricity simultaneously, in this case, can select aluminium, copper etc. to be suitable for making the metal material of electrode, to satisfy the requirement that electrode is electrically connected.

In addition, in order to improve the heat-sinking capability of electrode fin 6, preferably, electrode fin 6 has bigger surface area.The surface area of electrode fin 6 is many more, and when then circulation medium was flowed through this electrode fin 6, the heat that can take away was also many more, thereby can improve radiating efficiency.

Making electrode fin 6 have bigger surface area can realize by several different methods, for example, electrode fin 6 can be made the sheet of bending, perhaps is processed with many grooves or projection etc. on electrode fin 6.

Inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4 can be arranged on the optional position of the housing 2 of battery pack, as long as can be convenient to form the fluid passage 5 that is communicated with inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, according to one embodiment of the present invention, inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4 are positioned at the same side of housing 2.Thereby, be communicated with the electrode terminal of the fluid passage 5 of inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4 through described at least one monocell 1 one end, pass through the sidepiece of at least one monocell 1 again, pass through the electrode terminal of the other end of at least one monocell 1 then.As seen, in this case, can dispel the heat simultaneously to the electrode of two opposite ends of the described monocell 1 in the battery pack in fluid passage 5.

As shown in Figure 4, according to another embodiment of the invention, the relative both sides of housing 2 have each a pair of inflow entrance and flow export 3,4 respectively; 3 ', 4 ', this each a pair of inflow entrance and flow export 3,4; 3 ', 4 ' is communicated with by two mutual disconnected fluid passages 5,5 ' respectively.

Circulation medium can enter housing 2 from inflow entrance 3, the fluid passage 5 of flowing through, and from flow export 4 outflow housings 2; Circulation medium can also enter housing 2 from inflow entrance 3 ', another fluid passage 5 ' of flowing through, and flow out housing 2 from flow export 4 '.Hence one can see that, by two fluid passages 5 and 5 ', can ventilate respectively to the two end electrodes of monocell in the battery pack, thereby improve radiating efficiency.

As shown in Figure 4, circulation medium can also have the opposite flow direction in fluid passage 5 and fluid passage 5 ', can realize like this battery pack is carried out radiating effect comparatively uniformly.

In order to obtain better radiating effect, preferably, be not communicated with mutually between the fluid passage 5 and 5 ', certainly, described fluid passage also can be communicated with, to form the peripheral passage.For example, flow export 4 can be communicated with inflow entrance 3 ', with the circulation of realization circulation medium, thereby helps using a drive unit (as air blast) to drive the circulation of circulation medium.

Have in more execution modes in battery pack,, thereby can obtain better radiating effect owing to circulation medium can circulate by the more fluid passage to inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4.Principle in principle in this embodiment and the execution mode shown in Figure 4 is similar, no longer gives unnecessary details at this.

According to the present invention, a kind of power brick that includes battery pack of the present invention also is provided, and wherein, this power brick comprises a plurality of battery pack that are arranged in order, described battery pack is an above-mentioned battery pack provided by the present invention, and the inflow entrance of these a plurality of battery pack and flow export are interconnected.

Power brick comprises a plurality of battery pack, is well known to those of ordinary skill in the art about the electrical connection between the battery pack, and power brick of the present invention lays particular emphasis on the heat dissipation problem of power brick, and uses above-mentioned battery pack provided by the present invention.

In this power brick, be communicated with to get up by inflow entrance 3 and flow export 4, thereby formed the circulation medium path a plurality of battery pack.When circulation medium enters power brick, can dispel the heat to each battery pack in the entire cell bag by this circulation medium path, be in the normal range (NR) with the temperature of guaranteeing power brick, power brick can normally be worked.

Because this power brick is utilized battery pack provided by the present invention, thereby, can have better radiating effect, and the volume and weight of power brick is descended greatly, to have higher energy volume ratio.

In power brick, the inflow entrance 3 of battery pack and being connected of flow export 4 can have multiple mode.

For example, as shown in Figure 5, the inflow entrance 3 of each battery pack and flow export 4 are connected successively in a plurality of battery pack, thereby form the circulation medium path.In this case, circulation medium is entered in the power brick by the inflow entrance 3 of first battery pack, passes through each battery pack then successively, flows out from the flow export 4 of the battery pack of last connection at last.Perhaps, as shown in Figure 6, power brick utilization battery pack as shown in Figure 4, and the inflow entrance of each battery pack and flow export be communicated with, thereby can obtain two circulation medium paths, to have better radiating effect.

The present invention also provides a kind of pipeline 10 that comprises to form the power brick of the battery pack of fluid passage 5, as shown in Figure 7.This power brick has a plurality of battery pack of arrangement, comprise that also the fluid passage connection of each battery pack becomes pipeline 10, and at least a portion of the electrode terminal of each monocell is arranged in pipeline 10.

Though above-mentioned literal is described the specific embodiment of the present invention, but those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that, the content that the present invention comprised is not limited to this, under the prerequisite that does not break away from essential scope of the present invention, can make various modifications, replacement and variation.

Claims (7)

1. battery pack, it is characterized in that, this battery pack comprises at least one monocell (1) and centers on the fluid passage (5) of this at least one monocell, described fluid passage (5) has the inflow entrance (3) and the flow export (4) of connection, and at least a portion of the electrode terminal of described monocell is arranged in described fluid passage (5).
2. battery pack according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described battery pack also comprises the housing (2) that accommodates described at least one monocell (1), described fluid passage (5) is positioned between the inner surface of the outer surface of described monocell (1) and described housing (2), and described inflow entrance (3) and described flow export (4) lay respectively on the described housing (2).
3. battery pack according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described fluid passage (5) pipeline for being communicated with.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described battery pack, it is characterized in that described monocell (1) has electrode fin (6), this electrode fin (6) links to each other with the electrode terminal of described monocell (1) and is arranged in described fluid passage (5).
5. battery pack according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described electrode fin (6) is integrally formed with the electrode terminal of described monocell (1).
6. battery pack according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described electrode fin (6) is made by the good conductor material of the heat that comprises metal.
7. according to claim 5 or 6 described battery pack, it is characterized in that described electrode fin (6) is the sheet of bending.
CN 200820212522 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Battery set and battery pack including same CN201349040Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820212522 CN201349040Y (en) 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Battery set and battery pack including same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820212522 CN201349040Y (en) 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Battery set and battery pack including same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201349040Y true CN201349040Y (en) 2009-11-18

Family

ID=41368506

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200820212522 CN201349040Y (en) 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Battery set and battery pack including same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201349040Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102208704A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-10-05 苏州盖娅智能科技有限公司 Storage battery cooling system
CN102714283A (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-10-03 冯国安 Power battery pack cooling apparatus
TWI473324B (en) * 2011-11-21 2015-02-11 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Battery
CN107910614A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-13 福建省汽车工业集团云度新能源汽车股份有限公司 A kind of power battery liquid cooling apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102714283A (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-10-03 冯国安 Power battery pack cooling apparatus
CN102714283B (en) * 2011-01-24 2015-03-11 冯国安 Power battery pack cooling apparatus
CN102208704A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-10-05 苏州盖娅智能科技有限公司 Storage battery cooling system
TWI473324B (en) * 2011-11-21 2015-02-11 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Battery
CN107910614A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-13 福建省汽车工业集团云度新能源汽车股份有限公司 A kind of power battery liquid cooling apparatus

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP6099772B2 (en) Battery pack with improved safety against outflow of liquid refrigerant
US10038226B2 (en) Cooling plate for lithium-ion battery pack
CN104737327B (en) Battery module and method for manufacturing same
US20170365895A1 (en) Energy storage system with heat pipe thermal management
CN103959554B (en) Water cooled secondary battery
US9520624B2 (en) Battery module with compact structure and excellent heat radiation characteristics and middle or large-sized battery pack employed with the same
JP6004402B2 (en) Battery cell cooler, apparatus, and method
KR100987299B1 (en) Battery Module Having a Rubber Cooling Manifold
CN102315501B (en) Battery module
EP2293377B1 (en) Battery module comprising battery cell assembly with heat exchanger
US8722224B2 (en) Middle or large-sized battery pack of improved cooling efficiency
JP5779793B2 (en) Battery module having excellent heat dissipation capability and battery pack using the same
JP2016029660A (en) Cooling member with good assembly efficiency and battery module using the same
JP5313345B2 (en) Battery cell assembly having a heat exchanger with a serpentine flow path
CN102170034B (en) For the U-shaped coldplate assembly of the band solid fin of lithium pouch-shaped battery cell
ES2416489T3 (en) Electronic battery module with temperature control
EP2293363B1 (en) Battery module comprising battery cell assemblies having aligning and fastening elements
KR101205180B1 (en) Cooling Member of Compact Structure and Excellent Stability and Battery Module Employed with the Same
CN104218272B (en) Battery module assembly, battery module and cooling-part
WO2013171885A1 (en) Battery module
US8852782B2 (en) Battery pack having novel structure
CN102315499B (en) Battery pack and vehicle
DE102011084660B4 (en) Device for power supply
KR101749190B1 (en) Battery module
JP2009522535A (en) Heat exchanger with deep drawing heat exchanger plate

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20091118