CN201347565Y - Building automatic-circulation water-saving system - Google Patents

Building automatic-circulation water-saving system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201347565Y
CN201347565Y CNU2008201214756U CN200820121475U CN201347565Y CN 201347565 Y CN201347565 Y CN 201347565Y CN U2008201214756 U CNU2008201214756 U CN U2008201214756U CN 200820121475 U CN200820121475 U CN 200820121475U CN 201347565 Y CN201347565 Y CN 201347565Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
building
water tank
roof
saving
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2008201214756U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙长敬
付西红
孟杨
张凯跃
黄一维
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中国计量学院
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Priority to CNU2008201214756U priority Critical patent/CN201347565Y/en
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Publication of CN201347565Y publication Critical patent/CN201347565Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model relates to a building automatic-circulation water-saving system, which aims at residential buildings, office buildings, hotels, guesthouses and classroom buildings, and can effectively save and clean tap water, and also make full use of rainwater resources, and reduce sewage discharge. The building automatic-circulation water-saving system mainly comprises a roof rainwater collecting device, a roof water tank, a building bottom water tank, a water filtration and treatment device, a pumping device, a water tank cleaning device, an automatic detection and control device, pipelines and valves. The roof rainwater collecting device can collect the rainwater within the range of roof when raining, and the rainwater is filtered and then collected in the building bottom water tank; the used water in buildings except for water for flushing, cleaning the floor and washing mops is filtered and then collected in the building bottom water tank, and the water is treated by odor elimination, disinfection and sterilization and then is also injected into the roof water tank by the pumping device; the reused water can be used for flushing and cleaning in the buildings through the pipelines on the one hand, and can be used for sanitation cleaning, greening and irrigation, public toilets flushing, providing supplementary water for streams and lakes, car washing and fire around the buildings on the other hand. The operation of the automatic-circulation water-saving is entirely controlled by a singlechip microcomputer or other logic program controllers, and has auto-detection, emergency switching and warning functions.

Description

Building Automatic Cycle water-saving system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of water-saving system, especially at the Automatic Cycle water-saving system in residential building, office building, hotel, hotel, school instruction building.

Background technology

At present, the present situation of water resource anxiety is well-known, and using water wisely is shouldered heavy responsibilities.But, at present esidential building building, office building, school instruction building, hotel, hotel etc. locate all directly to enter sewer pipe after cleaning, cleaning and bathing water use, and the supply of pouring, irrigation canals and ditches and the lake water of the environmental sanitation cleaning around the flushing the toilet of public lavatory, the building, carwash, greenbelt etc. does not need all using the tap water that cleans with the occasion of cleaning tap water washroom and residential quarters in.These all cause the significant wastage of water resource.On the other hand, when raining, the rainwater on the roof all pours off in vain.Comprehensive above consideration, if can with in residential building, office building, hotel, hotel, the school instruction building except that flush the toilet, water after other use rinse mop and the floor cleaning and the rainwater that falls in the roof scope when rainy collect, filter, eliminate the unusual smell, sterilization and disinfect after again in order to the hygiene in the building, flush the toilet and building around the flushing, fire-fighting etc. of supply, public lavatory of irrigation, brook and lake water of environmental sanitation cleaning, carwash, greenbelt, then can improve the recycling rate of waterused of water to a great extent and reduce the discharging of effluent sewage.The energy-saving and emission-reduction policy that this not only meets present country also can produce good social benefit, economic benefit and environmental benefit.

Though, also disclose and authorized some patents at present about the building water saving.Through search, the patent similar to the utility model notion has only utility model " building water saving fixtures (notice of authorization number: CN2723526Y) " and utility model " esidential building, building water saving fixtures (notice of authorization number: CN2443055Y) ", but also there is following defective in they in water-saving result with in using:

1, all water tank need be set at building two interlayers, take up space on the one hand, the clear height of lower floor's floor is reduced, increase the cost of building again;

2, because the flushing supply of each layer comes from the rainwater that cleaning, water for bathing and the roof on upper strata are collected.The water yield that provides when the upper strata seldom or do not have does not have rainwater to replenish again, and then flushing the toilet of lower floor can only be with the tap water of cleaning;

3, the water for cleaning in the kitchen is not collected.This part water takies the very most of of the water yield, the particularly kitchen in hotel, hotel;

4, can not realize the automation that switch in cistern water level detection and tap water and secondary water route, not meet people's water custom;

5, only consider the problem of water saving of single building, relatively do not concentrate the integral water-saving saving of required water (for example greenbelt is irrigated, environment the is kept a public place clean etc.) problem of local (as residential quarters, school, commercial area etc.) to propose feasible solution at building.

Summary of the invention

Based on this, the utility model proposes a kind of can the efficient economizing clean water resources, make full use of rainwater again, and can reduce the building Automatic Cycle water-saving system of effluent discharge.

Technical solution of the present utility model is: it comprises rain collector, roof water tank, the bottom of the building water tank, water treatment facilities, pumping installations, the water tank cleaning plant, automatic Detection ﹠ Controling device, pipeline and valve, the rain collector (being the top of building) that wherein is positioned at roof is connected with roof water tank by filter, water inlet and the overfall that links to each other with the bottom of the building water tank arranged at roof water tank top, the delivery port of its underpart with when an import of three-way magnetic valve links to each other also with (cleaning around the building as environmental sanitation with drainage facility, greenbelt is irrigated, the supply of brook and lake water, flush the toilet in the public lavatory, carwash, fire-fighting) link to each other, its bottom also has outlet to link to each other with hand-operated valve so that the water tank cleaning; Another inlet of this three-way magnetic valve is connected with the municipal tap water network, and its outlet links to each other with the water inlet of toilet, mop pool in each water use sector; The bottom of the building water tank upper has the import that links to each other with filter, and the outlet that links to each other with the water tank cleaning plant is arranged at the bottom of its taper; The water tank cleaning plant regularly enters the sediment in the bottom of the building water tank the total sewer pipe of building by pump; Water treatment facilities can be regularly adds in water tank and removes the medicine of peculiar smell, sterilization and sterilization, and carries out water treatment by stirring; Intake by motor-driven pumping installations inserts in the bottom of the building water tank, and outlet links to each other with roof water tank; The utility model by automatic Detection ﹠ Controling device whether water level, the strainer of each water tank is stopped up and water tank in water quality detect in real time, and carry out corresponding action (as starting and closing emergent switching and sound and light alarm between pump, secondary water and tap water) by single-chip microcomputer or other logic programming controller control valves and motor.

Description of drawings

By the following examples and accompanying drawing be further described.

Accompanying drawing is the structural representation of building Automatic Cycle water-saving system embodiment described in the utility model.

1. rain collector, 2. strainer, 3. roof water tank, 4,5. level sensor, 6. washroom washbasin water tap, 7. kitchen basin water tap, 8. shower faucet, 9. kitchen basin, 10. washroom washbasin, 11. floor drain in the shower house, 12. washing machines, 13. motors, 14. water pump, 15. three-way magnetic valves, 16. strainers, 17. sensor, 18. hand-operated valves, 19. level sensors, 20. three-way magnetic valve, 21. hand-operated valves, 22. level sensors, 23. automaton, 24. mixing plants, 25. slush pumps, 26. the total sewer pipe outlet of building, 27. bottom of the building water tanks, 28. water quality sensors, 29. the tap water access port, 30. automatic medicine adding apparatus, 31. hand-operated valves, 32. the water service conduit exports around leading to building, 33. other floor drain in the unit except that floor drain in the shower house, 34. mop pools, 35. toilets, 36. mop pool water tap, 37. the closet flushing case, 38,39. hand-operated valve, 40. three-way magnetic valves

The specific embodiment

Embodiment is applicable to the building Automatic Cycle water-saving system of residential building

Present embodiment is collected in the bottom of the building water tank (27) by strainer (16) by collecting the water of floor drain (11) outlet in kitchen basin (9), washroom washbasin (10), washing machine (12) and the shower house in every layer of each unit of residential building; Water pump (14) is transported in the roof water tank (3) water in the bottom of the building water tank (27) for reusing under the driving of motor (13); Water in the roof water tank (3) links to each other with closet flushing case (37), mop pool water tap (36) in each unit by three-way magnetic valve (40).The outlet that toilet (35), mop pool (34) reach other floor drain (33) except that in the shower house all is communicated with municipal sewer pipe by the total sewer pipe outlet of residential building (26); Water in the roof water tank (3) being simultaneously by linking to each other with drainage facility around hand-operated valve (31) and the building, for the flushing the toilet of on every side environmental sanitation cleaning of residential building, green area irrigation, carwash, fire-fighting, public lavatory, brook and lake provide the water source.When raining, collect by the rainwater that rain collector (1) will fall in the roof scope, and through also entering in the roof water tank (3) after filter (2) filtration.

The automaton of present embodiment (23) is that core is carried out automatic Detection ﹠ Controling to the operation of whole system with the single-chip microcomputer, and has the automatic sound-light alarm function, can realize unmanned automatic operation fully.Single-chip microcomputer detects the size of strainer (16) internal pressure in real time by sensor (17), (on behalf of screen pack, this threshold value stop up when pressure reaches setting threshold, need cleaning), automaton (23) can send the sound and light alarm signal or send information to the property management center and change or clear up to notify the maintenance personal to carry out screen pack, if in time do not clear up or change screen pack, system can open three-way magnetic valve (15) automatically, makes water directly enter total sewer pipe of residential building; When the water in bottom of the building water tank (27) and the roof water tank (3) all reaches level sensor (19) respectively and (4) when locating (be water tank full), system also opens three-way magnetic valve (15) automatically, and the water in the bottom of the building water tank (27) can not overflowed; Water level reaches level sensor (19) and roof water tank (3) middle water level does not reach level sensor (4) when locating in bottom of the building water tank (27), and system starts water pump (14) roof water tank (3) is carried out moisturizing, till water level reaches level sensor (4) and locates; When the water in two water tanks (3) and (27) all is positioned at sensor (5) respectively and when (be water seldom or anhydrous) below (22), system can open three-way magnetic valve (40) automatically, all water inlet pipes in each unit of each floor are all linked to each other, to guarantee that the resident flushes the toilet and cleaning water normally with the municipal tap water net by tap water inlet (29); Water in roof water tank (3) is full, again at a time when rain, then unnecessary water can flow in the bottom of the building water tank (27) by overfall, if the water level in the bottom of the building water tank (27) has reached level sensor (19) when locating, system opens three-way magnetic valve (20) automatically, makes the water that roof water tank (3) overflows directly enter the total sewer pipe of residential building.

For guaranteeing the safety and sanitation of water, the utility model all is provided with cleaning plant to two water tank (3) and (27) with taper bottom surface, can regularly clear up by hand-operated valve (38) roof water tank (3), by automatically bottom of the building water tank (27) being cleared up by programme-control with slush pump (25), the sediment of discharging and waste water all pass through the total sewer pipe outlet of residential building (26) and discharge.In addition, all be provided with labor cleaning's (not shown) that enters the mouth at the top of two water tanks, can regularly carry out the labor cleaning.On the other hand, the utility model also is provided with water quality sensor (28) and detects water quality in real time in bottom of the building water tank (27), when water quality can not satisfy the water requirement, system can control Automatic Dosing device (30) and carry out intelligent dosing, and the stirring by mixing plant (24) to water carry out disinfection, sterilization and go peculiar smell to handle, if still can not reach instructions for use by water quality after the water treatment, system can automatic control electromagnetic valve (15) stop the collection of water, and sends alarm signal; The utility model also is provided with three hand-operated valves (21), (38) and (39) to satisfy normal water under power failure and the system overhaul situation.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of building residence Automatic Cycle water-saving system, comprise rain collector, roof water tank, the bottom of the building water tank, water treatment facilities, pumping installations, the water tank cleaning plant, automaton, pipeline and valve, it is characterized in that: will have the roof of constant slope as rain collector (1) all around, it is by strainer (2) and be positioned at its underpart, roof water tank (3) with ramped bottom surface links to each other, roof water tank (3) is by the mop pool water tap (36) in three-way magnetic valve (40) and tap water access port (29) and each unit of building, closet flushing case (37) links to each other, the outlet of roof water tank (3) also links to each other with water service conduit outlet (32) around building by hand-operated valve (31), roof water tank (3) top has outlet to link to each other with bottom of the building water tank (27) by three-way magnetic valve (20), the outlet of roof water tank (3) bottom links to each other by the total sewer pipe outlet of hand-operated valve (38) and building (26), the washroom washbasin water tap (6) of each unit in the building, kitchen basin water tap (7) and shower faucet (8) all link to each other with tap water access port (29), washbasin in each unit (10), washing machine (12), shower house, the following mouth of a river of kitchen basin (9) all links to each other with bottom of the building water tank (27) with strainer (16) by three-way magnetic valve (15), bottom of the building water tank (27) links to each other with roof water tank (3) by water pump (14), the following mouth of a river of toilet in each unit (35) and mop pool (34) and other floor drain (34) except that floor drain in the shower house all link to each other with the total sewer pipe outlet of building (26), and the outlet at bottom of bottom of the building water tank (27) links to each other by the total sewer pipe outlet of slush pump (25) and building (26).
2, building according to claim 1 residence Automatic Cycle water-saving system is characterized in that: mixing plant (24) and automatic medicine adding apparatus (30) are installed on the bottom of the building water tank (27).
3, building according to claim 1 residence Automatic Cycle water-saving system, it is characterized in that: all there is level sensor (4) (5) (19) (22) roof water tank (3) and bottom of the building water tank (27) inside, the inner water quality sensor (28) in addition of bottom of the building water tank (27).
4, building according to claim 1 residence Automatic Cycle water-saving system, it is characterized in that: there is sensor (17) strainer (16) inside.
5, building according to claim 1 residence Automatic Cycle water-saving system is characterized in that: urgent hand-operated valve (18) (21) (39) bypath system of using when three-way magnetic valve (15) (20) (40) all has the power supply magnet valve to be out of order.
CNU2008201214756U 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Building automatic-circulation water-saving system CN201347565Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201214756U CN201347565Y (en) 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Building automatic-circulation water-saving system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201214756U CN201347565Y (en) 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Building automatic-circulation water-saving system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201347565Y true CN201347565Y (en) 2009-11-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201214756U CN201347565Y (en) 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Building automatic-circulation water-saving system

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102071736A (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-05-25 江苏中天环境工程有限公司 Rainwater-controlled sewage discharge device
CN102400483A (en) * 2010-09-14 2012-04-04 北京泰宁科创雨水利用技术股份有限公司 System for supplementing washroom flushing water by using roofing rainwater
CN102926440A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 上海电力学院 Water circulation system of residential building
CN103523863A (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-01-22 柯照 Household water recycling system and method for prolonging life of filter element of water purifier in household water recycling system
CN103984320A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-13 杭州银江环保科技有限公司 System and method for monitoring enterprise rainwater drainage outlets based on internet of things
CN104671556A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-03 上海康雷分析仪器有限公司 High purity water device for clinical laboratory
CN105239661A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 河海大学常州校区 Birdcage type floor drain
CN105350602A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 牛占华 Domestic wastewater regeneration treatment system
CN105858968A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-17 河南大学 Automatic recycling system for rainwater and high-quality domestic sewage of high-rise building
CN105887994A (en) * 2015-01-14 2016-08-24 叶昌阳 Method and device capable of realizing diversion automatic detection and cyclic utilization of sanitary wastewater

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102400483A (en) * 2010-09-14 2012-04-04 北京泰宁科创雨水利用技术股份有限公司 System for supplementing washroom flushing water by using roofing rainwater
CN102071736A (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-05-25 江苏中天环境工程有限公司 Rainwater-controlled sewage discharge device
CN102071736B (en) * 2010-12-08 2012-05-23 江苏中天环境工程有限公司 Rainwater-controlled sewage discharge device
CN102926440A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 上海电力学院 Water circulation system of residential building
CN103523863A (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-01-22 柯照 Household water recycling system and method for prolonging life of filter element of water purifier in household water recycling system
CN104671556A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-03 上海康雷分析仪器有限公司 High purity water device for clinical laboratory
CN103984320A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-13 杭州银江环保科技有限公司 System and method for monitoring enterprise rainwater drainage outlets based on internet of things
CN103984320B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-07-06 杭州银江环保科技有限公司 A kind of enterprise's rainwater discharge outlet monitoring system based on Internet of Things and monitoring method thereof
CN105887994A (en) * 2015-01-14 2016-08-24 叶昌阳 Method and device capable of realizing diversion automatic detection and cyclic utilization of sanitary wastewater
CN105239661A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 河海大学常州校区 Birdcage type floor drain
CN105350602A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 牛占华 Domestic wastewater regeneration treatment system
CN105350602B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-01-09 广州绿竹环保科技有限公司 Sanitary wastewater regeneration treatment system
CN105858968A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-17 河南大学 Automatic recycling system for rainwater and high-quality domestic sewage of high-rise building

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091118

Termination date: 20120721