CN201328089Y - Multi-purpose solar power system - Google Patents

Multi-purpose solar power system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201328089Y
CN201328089Y CNU2008201536779U CN200820153677U CN201328089Y CN 201328089 Y CN201328089 Y CN 201328089Y CN U2008201536779 U CNU2008201536779 U CN U2008201536779U CN 200820153677 U CN200820153677 U CN 200820153677U CN 201328089 Y CN201328089 Y CN 201328089Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parallel
network
electrical network
power
charger
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CNU2008201536779U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余渊
马斌
王任杰
陈洪
林小玲
张衡汇
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上海城建(集团)公司
上海市城市建设设计研究院
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Priority to CNU2008201536779U priority Critical patent/CN201328089Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multi-purpose solar power system. Solar panel components are mutually connected in series or in parallel to form a photovoltaic array, the photovoltaic array is connected to an electric network through a parallel inverter module, and the parallel inverter module comprises a parallel inverter unit, a maximum power-point tracking control unit and an electric network state detection unit, wherein, the electric network state detection unit can detect the running state of the electric network in a real-time manner and cut off the connection between the parallel inverter module and the electric network when the running state of the electric network is out of service so as to avoid the island effect; an intelligent charger is connected at the connecting point of the parallel inverter module and the electric network in parallel, and the parallel inverter module is connected to a storage battery through the intelligent charger so as to charge the storage battery; and an off-grid inverter is also connected at the connecting point between the intelligent charger and the storage battery in parallel and is used for supplying power to the alternating current load. The solar power system can be adapted to various normal and abnormal grid-connected power systems on the electric network and has high robustness and high fault-tolerance.

Description

A kind of multipurpose solar energy power generating system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of multipurpose solar energy power generating system, particularly can adapt to the photovoltaic generating system that generates electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems of various normal and abnormal condition on the electrical network.
Technical background
Since 20th century,, people are constantly increased to the demand of the energy along with The development in society and economy and growth in the living standard.Simultaneously because the finiteness of fossil energy resource, and they are paid close attention to by people day by day to the influence that global climate and environment produced in combustion process, therefore from the demand of resource, environment, social development, the development and utilization new and renewable sources of energy trend that is inevitable.In new and renewable sources of energy family, solar energy is the most noticeable, and the work that conducts a research is maximum, most widely used field.
Photovoltaic power generation technology is an extremely important one side during solar energy utilizes, and in recent years, because the day of world energy sources is becoming tight and the continuous development of photovoltaic technology, the production technology of cheap amorphous silicon solar cell is ripe.Theoretically, photovoltaic power generation technology can be used for any occasion that needs power supply, goes up to spacecraft, down to domestic power supply, arrives the MW class power station greatly, and little of toy, photovoltaic cell can be described as ubiquitous.At present, the photovoltaic generation product mainly contains the application of three broad aspect: the one, for the remote districts that do not have electrical network provide power supply, in addition, also comprise some portable power sources and stand-by power supply; The 2nd, the Sun Day electronic product is as all kinds of solar chargers, solar street light etc.; The 3rd, generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems, this is in the large tracts of land promotion and implementation of some developed countries.
Application number is that 200610164466.0 application for a patent for invention has proposed a kind of small-sized multipurpose solar energy power generating system, and though be independent use or generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems all can.But not mentioned its used inverter of this invention provides the function of isolated island effect prevention.Island effect is the notion that proposes according to the report that U.S. Sandia National Laboratory provides, specifically be meant: when mains supply barrier accident or when having a power failure maintenance and escape for some reason, the solar grid-connected electricity generation system of each user side is failed to detect power down mode immediately and will self be cut off city's electric network, and the self-energizing isolated island that the Utilities Electric Co. that formation is formed by solar grid-connected electricity generation system and load on every side can't grasp.Island effect may cause adverse influence to the equipment of whole power distribution system equipment and user side; safety such as maintenance personal on the entail dangers to grid power transmission circuit; influence the operation program of the protection switch on the distribution system; impact the electric network protection device; influence the electric energy transmitting quality; the supply power voltage in electric power isolated island zone and frequency are with instability; the phase place that can cause after mains supply recovers is asynchronous; single-phase distributed generation system can cause that system's threephase load owes to power mutually etc.; therefore must be able to carry out anti-island effect for a grid-connected system and detect, prevent the generation of island effect.If on the basis of No. 200610164466.0 application for a patent for invention, increase the function of isolated island effect prevention, then when electric network fault, the scheme that this invention proposes just can't be for providing electric power with electric loading, both solar energy can't be utilized, also the energy of storing in the storage battery can't be utilized.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned defective of prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multiduty photovoltaic generating system of taking into account grid-connected photovoltaic power generation and independent photovoltaic generating, brings into play the ability to work of photovoltaic generating system to greatest extent.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme: solar cell panel assembly is one another in series or formation photovoltaic array in parallel is connected to electrical network via the combining inverter that has MPPT maximum power point tracking (MPPT) and isolated island effect prevention, simultaneously, the output of combining inverter is connected to storage battery and direct current electric loading through intelligent charger, or is connected to storage battery and uses electric loading by being connected to from the net inverter to exchange.
Particularly, the utility model provides a kind of multipurpose solar energy power generating system, comprises solar panel and parallel network reverse module, and described solar panel is connected to the input of described parallel network reverse module, the output of described parallel network reverse module is connected to electrical network; Described parallel network reverse module is except comprising MPPT maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control unit, parallel network reverse unit, also comprise the electric network state detecting unit, it can detect described electric network state in real time, and cuts off the generation that is connected, prevents island effect of described parallel network reverse module and described electrical network under the abnormal situation of described electric network state; Described solar power system also comprises the intelligent charger of the output that is connected on described parallel network reverse module, thereby thereby the output of described intelligent charger is connected to storage battery for this charge in batteries and can be connected to DC load by the DC/DC converter and power for this DC load; When being AC load with electric loading, the output of described intelligent charger can be connected to AC load from the net inverter by one, thereby is used for powering to AC load.
Preferably, can also in above technical scheme, add switch controller and MPPT charger, particularly, this switch controller is connected between the input (also being the output of described parallel network reverse module) of the output (also being the input of described parallel network reverse module) of solar panel and described intelligent charger, and the MPPT charger is connected between the output (also being described input) and described switch controller of described intelligent charger from the net inverter; Switch controller is monitored the operation of power networks state, under the normal situation of operation of power networks state, switch controller disconnection solar panel is connected with this MPPT charger, when switch controller monitors operation of power networks state undesired (this moment, the parallel network reverse template was cut off itself and the generation that is connected, prevents island effect of described electrical network), the connection solar panel is connected with this MPPT charger, is charge in batteries and is electric by solar panel.
Utilize the technical solution of the utility model, taken into account and independently used and generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems, normal when electrical network, when solar energy is sufficient, photovoltaic array is transformed into high voltage direct current with the solar radiation energy that receives, then by exporting and the single-phase sinusoidal ac of line voltage electric current to electrical network after the combining inverter inversion with the frequency homophase, combining inverter is by intelligent charger accumulators conveying capacity, to guarantee the operate as normal with electric loading simultaneously; Normal when electrical network, when solar energy is not enough, by intelligent charger accumulators conveying capacity, and guarantee operate as normal with electric loading by electrical network; When electrical network breaks down,, use the operate as normal of electric loading with assurance direct current or interchange by the storage battery output DC or by from net inverter output AC electricity.
Particularly, when utilizing the above-mentioned preferred version of the utility model, when electrical network breaks down, the solar energy abundance time, switch controller can detect the fault of electrical network and the diverter switch of closing (detect electrical network and normally afterwards also can in time disconnect diverter switch), the solar radiation energy that makes photovoltaic array receive can send electricity and be the electricity consumption electric by MPPT charger accumulators, to guarantee operate as normal with electric loading, not relying on storage battery separately is electric, thereby has further improved the robustness of system.
Therefore, adopt multipurpose solar energy power generating system of the present utility model, taken into account the generating of grid-connected photovoltaic power generation and independent photovoltaic, brought into play the ability to work of photovoltaic generating system to greatest extent, feasible power supply reliability with electric loading further improves; Simultaneously, it is normal and solar energy is sufficient, electrical network is normal but solar energy deficiency, electric network fault but can both keep normal work with electric loading under the various situations such as solar energy abundance, electric network fault and solar energy deficiency have improved the fault-tolerance and the robustness of system significantly that this system makes that electricity consumption loads on electrical network.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 be the utility model first be used to exchange system principle diagram with the embodiment of electric loading.
Fig. 2 is that second of the utility model is used to exchange the system principle diagram with the embodiment of electric loading.
Fig. 3 is that the 3rd of the utility model is used for the system principle diagram of direct current with the embodiment of electric loading.
Fig. 4 is that the 4th of the utility model is used for the system principle diagram of direct current with the embodiment of electric loading.
Embodiment
Be described further below with reference to the technique effect of accompanying drawing, to understand the purpose of this utility model, feature and effect fully design of the present utility model, concrete structure and generation.
Fig. 1 is the system principle diagram of an embodiment of the utility model, and it is used for exchanging uses electric loading.In this embodiment, adopt 6 of the STP170S-24/Ac type photovoltaic cell components of STP electric power to be one another in series or formation photovoltaic array in parallel, form solar panel, be incorporated into the power networks inverter to electrical network via one, this combining inverter adopts the SB2100TL combining inverter of the Sunny Boy series of German SMA company, and it has MPPT maximum power point tracking (MPPT) function simultaneously and the isolated island effect prevention function (can be monitored in real time to the running status of electrical network, and electrical network for some reason the barrier accident or disconnect itself and being connected of electrical network when having a power failure maintenance and escape) (not specifically illustrating this three functional modules among the figure); Simultaneously, the output of combining inverter is connected to storage battery and uses electric loading by being connected to from the net inverter by an intelligent charger.
Because the power output of solar cell is not a steady state value, also not merely proportional with the intensity of illumination of sunlight, its output characteristic is the chevron curve that protrude on top, and the family of curves that forms according to factors vary such as intensity of sunshine, light angle, temperature and loads.Therefore, to under any condition, give play to the maximum potential of the power output of photovoltaic array, just need MPPT maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller, its groundwork is: detect major loop DC side current/voltage, calculate the power output of photovoltaic array, send control signal simultaneously and finish the tracking of maximum power, selected in the present embodiment combining inverter just has this function.The direct current that this combining inverter sends photovoltaic array is transformed into and the single-phase alternating current of line voltage electric current with the frequency homophase; in addition, the combining inverter of this model also has functions such as the function of isolated island effect prevention important in generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems and short circuit protection, under-voltage protection, overcurrent protection, reverse connecting protection.It is better than the scheme (wherein, MPPT controller and combining inverter are independent configurations respectively and do not have the isolated island effect prevention function) described in the application for a patent for invention No. 200610164466.0.
In this embodiment, in order effectively to implement management control, adopted intelligent charger to finish functions such as accumulator cell charging and discharging management, super-charge super-discharge electric control and equipment protection to storage battery.Adopted the CZC330A/24V type intelligent charger of Shanghai Shi Neng company in this example.This charger adopts the charge capacity control technology of multistage charging modes such as constant current → constant voltage → little constant current and science, and is sufficient and realize not overcharging, not owing to fill with the electric energy of guaranteeing storage battery; And have outage memory self-starting, abundance is shut down automatically; Open circuit, connect anti-, overload, short circuit, defencive function such as overheated.
For storage battery, its capacity is an important physical quantity, and the choice of capacity of storage battery directly has influence on the reliability and the price of system.The choice of capacity of storage battery generally will be followed following principle: at first under the prerequisite that satisfies the loaded work piece time limit, also want simultaneously to store and satisfy the overcast and rainy and needed electric energy of electric network fault continuously.In the present embodiment, storage battery adopts Ao Teduo valve-regulated sealed lead-acid battery OT200-12 type 4 joints, and 2 joint series connection are in parallel again to be used, and this battery single-unit output voltage is 12V, and capacity is 200Ah.
In the present embodiment, what adopt from the net inverter is that MIC 700 types produced of German Conergy company are from the net inverter, Conergy MIC separate inverter unit is stable alternating voltage with the dc-battery voltage transition, to satisfy the operate as normal needs of AC load, and accuracy is high, can satisfy the high request to sensitivity.Output voltage is real sinusoidal voltage, can keep best accuracy under any loading condition.The operation of equipment is very simple, and the user can understand the operation conditions of equipment by LED.When abnormal conditions take place, also have the voice signal prompting.Conergy MIC separate inverter unit also has the electronic protection function, and the electronic security(ELSEC) function can prevent that inverter short circuit, overload and temperature are too high, can also protect under voltage and overvoltage.Conergy MIC series inverter is equipped with special equipment protection, and sustainable operation for a long time.In addition, high-quality fan is controlled according to load and temperature, is the equipment cooling.The frequency of Conergy MIC series of products can be adjusted into 50Hz or 60Hz according to demand.The input voltage of inverter can be 12V or 24V, and output voltage can be 110V and 230V.
Fig. 2 is the system principle diagram of another embodiment after the foregoing description is optimized of the utility model, and it also is to be used for exchanging using electric loading.Switch controller and MPPT charger have been added in this embodiment.Particularly, this switch controller is connected between the input (also being the output of described parallel network reverse module) of the output (also being the input of described parallel network reverse module) of solar panel and described intelligent charger, and the MPPT charger is connected between the output (also being described input) and described switch controller of described intelligent charger from the net inverter; Switch controller is monitored the operation of power networks state, under the normal situation of operation of power networks state, switch controller disconnection solar panel is connected with this MPPT charger, when switch controller monitors operation of power networks state undesired (this moment, the parallel network reverse template was cut off itself and the generation that is connected, prevents island effect of described electrical network), the connection solar panel is connected with this MPPT charger, is charge in batteries and is the AC load power supply by solar panel.In this embodiment, the MPPT charger has been selected the SD2450 photovoltaic controller of Hefei Sunlight Power Supply Co., Ltd. for use, and this controller has the operation interface of hommization; Control circuit and main circuit are isolated fully, have high antijamming capability; Each road charging voltage detects has " return difference " controlled function, can prevent that switch from entering oscillatory regime; Mode of operation have common charge and discharge mode, a point type mode of operation, light open the light disconnected pattern, disconnected pattern when light is opened, clock control pattern, when light is opened disconnected morning bright pattern; And have protections such as overvoltage, under-voltage, overload, short circuit and report to the police.Switch controller has then adopted the AOB194U-5K1 type single phase alternating current (A.C.) voltage table (output of tape relay contact) of extensive and profound in meaning Electric Applicance Co., Ltd to come the action of control relay to be achieved, the visible Fig. 5 of its schematic diagram.AOB194U-5K1 type single phase alternating current (A.C.) voltage table can be provided with upper and lower limit alarm point and actuation of an alarm time of delay, but because the contact capacity of the relay that this kind of voltmeter had has only DC30V/2A, therefore need add the relay that the electric shock capacity is 300V/10A.When electrical network broke down, when following, its relay contact had output to electric network electric voltage drop to the lower limit alarm point of single phase alternating current (A.C.) voltage table, and also the outer increasing capacity relay closes of drive is promptly finished the independent switching of being incorporated into the power networks; After power system restoration, after line voltage returned to normal value, the relay contact no-output of voltmeter also drove outer increasing capacity relay and disconnects, and promptly recovers the work of normally being incorporated into the power networks.
In the system of this optimization, when the solar energy abundance but electrical network when undesired, still to rely on solar energy be electric and be charge in batteries, and not relying on storage battery separately is electric, thereby has further improved the robustness of system.
Fig. 3 is the system principle diagram of the 3rd embodiment of the utility model, and it is used for the direct current electric loading.In this embodiment, will change DC/DC converter to get final product from the net inverter among first embodiment at the DC load of relevant voltage grade and power.
Fig. 4 is the system principle diagram of the 4th embodiment of the utility model, and above-mentioned the 3rd embodiment optimized, and it is used for the direct current electric loading.In this embodiment, will change DC/DC converter to get final product from the net inverter among second embodiment at the DC load of relevant voltage grade and power.
Among the above embodiment, the combining inverter that is adopted has comprised parallel network reverse unit, MPPT maximum power point tracking control unit and electric network state detecting unit.Those of ordinary skill in the art should be able to understand, and these three unit also can be set to three independently elements; And switching converter also can be directly from the measured information acquisition of electric network state detecting unit to the operation of power networks status detection, thereby switches on and off the action of MPPT charger according to this information decision.
From above each embodiment, can recognize, technical scheme provided by the utility model, taken into account and independently used and generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems, normal when electrical network, when solar energy is sufficient, photovoltaic array is transformed into high voltage direct current with the solar radiation energy that receives, by exporting and the single-phase sinusoidal ac of line voltage electric current with the frequency homophase to electrical network after the combining inverter inversion, combining inverter passes through intelligent charger accumulators conveying capacity simultaneously, to guarantee the operate as normal with electric loading then; Normal when electrical network, when solar energy is not enough, by electrical network by intelligent charger accumulators conveying capacity, to guarantee operate as normal with electric loading; When electrical network breaks down, the solar energy abundance time, switch controller can detect the fault of electrical network and the diverter switch of closing (detect electrical network and normally afterwards also can in time disconnect diverter switch), the solar radiation energy that makes photovoltaic array receive passes through MPPT charger accumulators conveying capacity, to guarantee the operate as normal with electric loading; When electrical network breaks down, the solar energy deficiency time, by storage battery by from net inverter output AC electricity, to guarantee operate as normal with electric loading.It is a kind of photovoltaic generating system that generates electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems that adapts to various normal and abnormal condition on the electrical network.
In sum, be several preferred embodiment of the present utility model described in this specification.All technical staff in the art comply with design of the present utility model on the basis of existing technology by the available technical scheme of logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment, all should be in claim protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. multipurpose solar energy power generating system, be one another in series or parallel connection constitutes photovoltaic array by solar cell panel assembly, it is connected to electrical network by the parallel network reverse module, it is characterized in that: described parallel network reverse module comprises parallel network reverse unit, MPPT maximum power point tracking control unit and electric network state detecting unit, described electric network state detecting unit can detect the running status of described electrical network in real time, and cuts off the generation that is connected, prevents island effect of described parallel network reverse module and described electrical network when the running status of described electrical network is undesired; Described parallel network reverse module is being connected to storage battery with the link place intelligent charger in parallel of described electrical network and by described intelligent charger, thereby is this charge in batteries; Described intelligent charger is parallel with one from the net inverter at the link place with described storage battery, describedly is used for powering to AC load from the net inverter.
2. multipurpose solar energy power generating system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar panel also by switch controller be connected to the MPPT charger, and be connected to again described from the net inverter; Described switch controller also is connected with described electrical network and monitors described operation of power networks state, and monitoring under the normal situation of operation of power networks state, disconnect being connected of described solar panel and described MPPT charger, monitoring the operation of power networks state when undesired, connect being connected of described solar panel and described MPPT charger, power to described charge in batteries with to AC load.
3. multipurpose solar energy power generating system, be one another in series or parallel connection constitutes photovoltaic array by solar cell panel assembly, it is connected to electrical network by the parallel network reverse module, it is characterized in that: described parallel network reverse module comprises parallel network reverse unit, MPPT maximum power point tracking control unit and electric network state detecting unit, described electric network state detecting unit can detect the running status of described electrical network in real time, and cuts off the generation that is connected, prevents island effect of described parallel network reverse module and described electrical network when described operation of power networks state is undesired; Described parallel network reverse module is being connected to storage battery with the link place of described electrical network intelligent charger also in parallel and by described intelligent charger, thereby is this charge in batteries; Described intelligent charger is parallel with a DC/DC converter at the link place with described storage battery, and described DC/DC converter is used for powering to DC load.
4. multipurpose solar energy power generating system as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, also is connected to the MPPT charger, and is connected to described DC/DC converter again by switch controller at described solar panel; Described switch controller also is connected with described electrical network and monitors described operation of power networks state, and monitoring under the normal situation of operation of power networks state, disconnect being connected of described solar panel and described MPPT charger, monitoring the operation of power networks state when undesired, connect being connected of described solar panel and described MPPT charger, power to described charge in batteries with to DC load.
CNU2008201536779U 2008-09-28 2008-09-28 Multi-purpose solar power system CN201328089Y (en)

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WO2014101360A1 (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-07-03 江苏振发投资发展有限公司 Solar distributed power generation and hot water combined supply system
CN105680471A (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-15 Abb技术股份公司 Apparatus for the conversion and optimized consumption management of power from renewable sources
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