CN201325550Y - Vehicle steering mechanism - Google Patents

Vehicle steering mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201325550Y
CN201325550Y CNU2008202131591U CN200820213159U CN201325550Y CN 201325550 Y CN201325550 Y CN 201325550Y CN U2008202131591 U CNU2008202131591 U CN U2008202131591U CN 200820213159 U CN200820213159 U CN 200820213159U CN 201325550 Y CN201325550 Y CN 201325550Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
steering
connecting rod
swing arm
turns
vehicle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008202131591U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董李
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANGHAI DONGYU ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANGHAI DONGYU ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANGHAI DONGYU ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI DONGYU ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd
Priority to CNU2008202131591U priority Critical patent/CN201325550Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201325550Y publication Critical patent/CN201325550Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vehicle steering mechanism, which comprises a steering system and a transmission system. The steering system comprises a leftward steering wheel and a rightward steering wheel, as well as a steering tube and a direction handle which are capable of being rotatably connected with a frame. The direction handle is arranged at the upper end of the steering tube. The transmission system comprises a four-connecting-rod assembly and a center assembly which comprises a fixing part and a rotary movable part. The fixing part is fixed on the frame. The four-connecting-rod assembly comprises four steering connecting rods. One end of each of the four steering connecting rods is movably connected with the movable part, wherein the other ends of two steering connecting rods are respectively connected with the steering tube, and the other ends of the other two steering connecting rods are respectively connected with the leftward steering wheel and the rightward steering wheel. The vehicle steering mechanism has simple structure, is easy to assembly and has low cost.

Description

A kind of vehicle steering mechanism
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of vehicle steering mechanism, relates in particular to a kind of Vehicular turn four-bar linkage.
Background technology
Along with expanding economy and people give birth to and the raising of level, the golf course car is accepted by increasing crowd and is favored, people to the golf course car ride instead of walk and accessory appliances is also had higher requirement.Present three-wheel golf field car steering swivel system generally adopts the bearing circle mode, its complex structure, cost costliness and assembling inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, overcomes above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of vehicle steering mechanism simple in structure is provided.
Technical matters of the present utility model is solved by the following technical programs:
A kind of vehicle steering mechanism, comprise steering swivel system and driving system, described steering swivel system comprises left steering wheel and right steering wheel, and described steering swivel system also comprises steering tube and the steering handle that is rotatably connected on the vehicle frame, and described steering handle is installed in the upper end of described steering tube; Described driving system comprises four connecting rod assemblies and maincenter assembly, described maincenter assembly comprises fixed part and rotating movable part, described fixed part is fixed on the described vehicle frame, described four connecting rod assemblies comprise that four one ends are movably connected in the Linkage steering on the described movable part respectively, wherein the other end of two Linkage steerings flexibly connects with described steering tube respectively, and the other end of all the other two Linkage steerings is connected with the right steering wheel with described left steering wheel respectively.
Technical matters of the present utility model is further solved by following technical scheme:
Described movable part comprises that tween drive shaft, maincenter turn to plectrum, tween drive shaft swing arm and bearing, axle bed in the middle of described fixed part comprises, axle bed is fixed on the described frame in the middle of described, one end of described tween drive shaft be fixed on described maincenter turn on the plectrum and be arranged in described in the middle of among the axle bed, axle bed is connected by described bearing with described tween drive shaft in the middle of described, and described tween drive shaft swing arm is fixed on the other end of described tween drive shaft.
Described bearing has two, is separately positioned on the two ends up and down of described tween drive shaft.
Described steering swivel system also comprises the plectrum that turns to that is fixed on described steering tube lower end, described four connecting rod assemblies comprise the first left steering connecting rod, the first right steering connecting rod, the second left steering connecting rod and the second right steering connecting rod, one end of described first left steering connecting rod and the described first right steering connecting rod is movably connected in the described two ends, the left and right sides that turn to plectrum respectively, its other end is movably connected in the two ends, the left and right sides of described tween drive shaft swing arm respectively, one end of the described second left steering connecting rod is connected with described left steering wheel, one end of the described second right steering connecting rod is connected with described right steering wheel, and the other end of described second left steering connecting rod and the described second right steering connecting rod is movably connected in the two ends, the left and right sides that described maincenter turns to plectrum respectively.
Described steering swivel system also comprises left swing arm, right swing arm, left goat's horn axle and right goat's horn axle, one end of described left swing arm is connected on the described vehicle frame, its other end is connected with described left steering wheel, one end of described left goat's horn axle is movably connected in the described left swing arm, its other end and the described second left steering connecting rod flexibly connect, one end of described right swing arm is connected on the described vehicle frame, its other end is connected with described right steering wheel, one end of described right goat's horn axle is movably connected on the described right swing arm, and its other end and the described second right steering connecting rod flexibly connect.
Described flexible connection is hinged.
Described left swing arm and right swing arm are the swing arms of A type.
Described steering tube comprises the vertical tube that is fixed on the vehicle frame and is arranged in the vertical tube that turns in the described vertical tube rotationally, and described handlebar is fixed on the described upper end that turns to vertical tube, and the described plectrum that turns to is arranged on the described lower end that turns to vertical tube.
Described steering tube also comprises on the front fork component under the component and front fork, on the described front fork under component and the front fork component be separately positioned on the two ends of described vertical tube.
The utility model beneficial effect compared with prior art is:
(1) vehicle steering mechanism of the present utility model adopts between steering handle and the wheel flutter to turn to four-bar linkage to connect, and simple in structure, it is easy and with low cost to assemble.
(2) tween drive shaft is connected by bearing with middle axle bed, and tween drive shaft is rotated flexibly.
(3) vertical tube with turn to vertical tube to be connected with component under the front fork by component on the front fork, steering handle is rotated flexibly.
(4) but under the effect that turns to four-bar linkage the grip position of quick adjusting handle, can obtain comfortable grip posture and turning to eventually, make when turning to more laborsaving and safe and reliable simultaneously.
(5) the utility model convenient disassembly, safety are firmly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the decomposing schematic representation of the vehicle steering mechanism of this specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vehicle steering mechanism structural representation of this specific embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the vehicle steering mechanism lateral plan of this specific embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the vehicle steering mechanism steering swivel system structural representation of this specific embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the vehicle steering mechanism maincenter unit construction scheme drawing of this specific embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further details below by concrete embodiment.
To shown in Figure 5, vehicle steering mechanism of the present utility model comprises steering swivel system 10 and driving system as Fig. 1.
Steering swivel system 10 comprises steering handle 11, be rotatably connected to steering tube 12 on the vehicle frame 41, turn to plectrum 13, left goat's horn axle 25, right goat's horn axle 26, left swing arm 43, right swing arm 42, left steering wheel 45 and right steering wheel 44.Steering tube 12 comprises vertical tube 121, turns to vertical tube 122, component 125 under component 124 and the front fork on the vertical tube nut 123, front fork.Vertical tube 121 is fixed on the vehicle frame 41, and steering handle 11 is fixed on by vertical tube nut 123 and turns on the vertical tube 122.Component 124 is arranged on the upper port of vertical tube 121 on the front fork, component 125 is arranged on the lower port of vertical tube 121 under the front fork, the internal diameter of vertical tube 121, turns to vertical tube 122 to intert in vertical tube 121, and can rotate in vertical tube 121 less than turning to vertical tube 122 greater than the external diameter that turns to vertical tube 122 and length.The lower tips part that turns to plectrum 13 to be fixed on to turn to vertical tube 122.In this specific embodiment, turn to plectrum 13 to be welded on the lower end that turns to vertical tube 122.Swing arm 43 1 ends in a left side are connected with vehicle frame 41, and the other end is connected with left steering wheel 45.Right swing arm 42 1 ends are connected with vehicle frame 41, and the other end is connected with right steering wheel 44.Left side goat's horn axle 25 is movably connected in the left swing arm 43, and right goat's horn axle 26 is movably connected on the right swing arm 42.In this specific embodiment, left goat's horn axle 25 is hinged in the left swing arm 43, and right goat's horn axle 26 is hinged on the right swing arm 42, and left swing arm 43 and right swing arm 42 are the swing arms of A type.The footing of A type swing arm is separately fixed on the vehicle frame 41.
Driving system comprises that four connecting rod assemblies 20 and maincenter assembly 30, four connecting rod assemblies 20 comprise the first left steering connecting rod 21, the second left steering connecting rod 23, the first right steering connecting rod 22, the second right steering connecting rod 24.Maincenter assembly 30 comprises fixed part and rotating movable part, axle bed 31 in the middle of fixed part comprises, and movable part comprises that tween drive shaft 32, maincenter turn to plectrum 33, tween drive shaft swing arm 34 and bearing 35.The lower end maincenter of being fixed on of tween drive shaft 32 turns on the plectrum 33, and is arranged in the middle axle bed 31, and middle axle bed 31 is fixed on the frame 41, and middle axle bed 31 is connected by bearing 35 with tween drive shaft 32, and tween drive shaft swing arm 34 is fixed on the upper end of tween drive shaft 32.In this specific embodiment, bearing has two, is separately positioned on the two ends up and down of tween drive shaft 32.The two ends of the first left steering bar 21 are movably connected in the left side that turns to plectrum 13 and tween drive shaft swing arm 34 respectively, and the two ends of the second left steering bar 23 maincenter of being movably connected in respectively turn on plectrum 33 and the left goat's horn axle 25.The two ends of the first right steering bar 22 are movably connected in the right side that turns to plectrum 13 and tween drive shaft swing arm 34 respectively, the two ends of the second right steering bar 24 maincenter of being movably connected in respectively turn on plectrum 33 and the right goat's horn axle 26, in this specific embodiment, above-mentioned flexible connection is all adopted hinged.
Principle of work of the present utility model is as follows: vertical tube 121 is welded on the vehicle frame 41, turn to vertical tube 122 to intert in vertical tube 121, and be connected with vertical tube 121 by component 125 under component on the front fork 124 and the front fork, handle 11 with turn to vertical tube 122 to be connected and with vertical tube nut 123 locking, make handle 11 and turn to vertical tube 121 to connect as one, when exerting oneself swing handle 11, by being connected maincenter assembly 30 and the effect that turns to the four-bar linkage 20 on the plectrum 13, drive left steering wheel 45 and right steering wheel 44 to equidirectional rotation, thereby drive wheel steering.
Above content be in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation to further describing that the utility model is done, can not assert that concrete enforcement of the present utility model is confined to these explanations.For the utility model person of an ordinary skill in the technical field, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model design, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. vehicle steering mechanism, comprise steering swivel system (10) and driving system, described steering swivel system (10) comprises left steering wheel (45) and right steering wheel (44), it is characterized in that: described steering swivel system (10) also comprises steering tube (12) and the steering handle (11) that is rotatably connected on the vehicle frame (41), and described steering handle (11) is installed in the upper end of described steering tube (12); Described driving system comprises four connecting rod assemblies (20) and maincenter assembly (30), described maincenter assembly (30) comprises fixed part and rotating movable part, described fixed part is fixed on the described vehicle frame (41), described four connecting rod assemblies (20) comprise that four one ends are movably connected in the Linkage steering on the described movable part respectively, wherein the other end of two Linkage steerings flexibly connects with described steering tube (12) respectively, and the other end of all the other two Linkage steerings is connected with right steering wheel (44) with described left steering wheel (45) respectively.
2. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described movable part comprises tween drive shaft (32), maincenter turns to plectrum (33), tween drive shaft swing arm (34) and bearing (35), axle bed (31) in the middle of described fixed part comprises, axle bed (31) is fixed on the described frame (41) in the middle of described, one end of described tween drive shaft (32) is fixed on described maincenter and turns to plectrum (33) to go up and be arranged among the described middle axle bed (31), axle bed (31) is connected by described bearing (35) with described tween drive shaft (32) in the middle of described, and described tween drive shaft swing arm (34) is fixed on the other end of described tween drive shaft (32).
3. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described bearing (35) has two, is separately positioned on the two ends up and down of described tween drive shaft (32).
4. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described steering swivel system (10) also comprise be fixed on described steering tube (12) lower end turn to plectrum (13), described four connecting rod assemblies (20) comprise the first left steering connecting rod (21), the first right steering connecting rod (22), the second left steering connecting rod (23) and the second right steering connecting rod (24), one end of described first left steering connecting rod (21) and the described first right steering connecting rod (22) is movably connected in the described two ends, the left and right sides that turn to plectrum (13) respectively, its other end is movably connected in the two ends, the left and right sides of described tween drive shaft swing arm (34) respectively, one end of the described second left steering connecting rod (23) is taken turns (45) with described left steering and is connected, one end of the described second right steering connecting rod (24) is taken turns (44) with described right steering and is connected, and the other end of described second left steering connecting rod (23) and the described second right steering connecting rod (24) is movably connected in the two ends, the left and right sides that described maincenter turns to plectrum (33) respectively.
5. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described steering swivel system (10) also comprises left swing arm (43), right swing arm (42), left side goat's horn axle (25) and right goat's horn axle (26), one end of described left swing arm (43) is connected on the described vehicle frame (41), its other end is taken turns (45) with described left steering and is connected, one end of described left goat's horn axle (25) is movably connected in the described left swing arm (43), its other end and the described second left steering connecting rod (23) flexibly connect, one end of described right swing arm (42) is connected on the described vehicle frame (41), its other end is taken turns (44) with described right steering and is connected, one end of described right goat's horn axle (26) is movably connected on the described right swing arm (42), and its other end and the described second right steering connecting rod (24) flexibly connect.
6. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described flexible connection is hinged.
7. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described left swing arm (43) and right swing arm (42) are the swing arms of A type.
8. according to any described vehicle steering mechanism in the claim 2 to 6, it is characterized in that: described steering tube (12) comprises the vertical tube (121) that is fixed on the vehicle frame (41) and is arranged in rotationally and turns to vertical tube (122) in the described vertical tube (121), described handlebar (11) is fixed on the described upper end that turns to vertical tube (122), and the described plectrum (13) that turns to is arranged on the described lower end that turns to vertical tube (122).
9. vehicle steering mechanism according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described steering tube (12) also comprises component (125) under component on the front fork (124) and the front fork, and component (125) is separately positioned on the two ends of described vertical tube (121) under component on the described front fork (124) and the front fork.
CNU2008202131591U 2008-11-04 2008-11-04 Vehicle steering mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN201325550Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202131591U CN201325550Y (en) 2008-11-04 2008-11-04 Vehicle steering mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202131591U CN201325550Y (en) 2008-11-04 2008-11-04 Vehicle steering mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201325550Y true CN201325550Y (en) 2009-10-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008202131591U Expired - Fee Related CN201325550Y (en) 2008-11-04 2008-11-04 Vehicle steering mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201325550Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101973309A (en) * 2010-08-25 2011-02-16 东营蒙德金马机车有限公司 Steering control device for tricycle
CN105216942A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-06 江苏金彭车业有限公司 A kind of electric four-wheeled vehicle steering mechanism
CN106218707B (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-07-31 浙江栋马童车股份有限公司 A kind of transfer for perambulator

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101973309A (en) * 2010-08-25 2011-02-16 东营蒙德金马机车有限公司 Steering control device for tricycle
CN105216942A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-06 江苏金彭车业有限公司 A kind of electric four-wheeled vehicle steering mechanism
CN105216942B (en) * 2015-10-21 2019-09-13 江苏金彭车业有限公司 A kind of electric four-wheeled vehicle steering mechanism
CN106218707B (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-07-31 浙江栋马童车股份有限公司 A kind of transfer for perambulator

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091014

Termination date: 20141104

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model