CN201318687Y - Full automatic straw gasification furnace - Google Patents

Full automatic straw gasification furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201318687Y
CN201318687Y CNU2008201358803U CN200820135880U CN201318687Y CN 201318687 Y CN201318687 Y CN 201318687Y CN U2008201358803 U CNU2008201358803 U CN U2008201358803U CN 200820135880 U CN200820135880 U CN 200820135880U CN 201318687 Y CN201318687 Y CN 201318687Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gasification furnace
full
condensation purifier
stalk gasifier
heater
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201358803U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶亮
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陶亮
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陶亮 filed Critical 陶亮
Priority to CNU2008201358803U priority Critical patent/CN201318687Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201318687Y publication Critical patent/CN201318687Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a full automatic straw gasification furnace, which comprises a gasification furnace body. An ignition mouth is formed at the bottom part of the gasification furnace, and a self-ignition device is mounted via the ignition mouth; the furnace body is connected with a condensation purifier via a gas pipe, the condensation purifier is provided with a gas outlet pipeline, a partition board is arranged inside the condensation purifier, and a plurality of condensing plates are arranged on two sides of the partition board. The utility model is classified as a novel straw gasification furnace which adopts biological substance as the fuel and is ignited in an electronic ignition manner. As the multi-separation condensation purifier is adopted, the effects of separation and purification of the fuel gas are far higher than that of common gasification furnaces.

Description

Full-automatic stalk gasifier
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of full-automatic stalk gasifier.
Background technology
Known gasification furnace need push in the stove from the ash hole igniting with a scrap of paper when igniting, dries with the little air quantity of blower fan from air inlet.Be not easy once to light a fire success, and have that a large amount of dense smokes produce, smoke the people, the eyes of choking, this kind mode of operation is brought inconvenience and harm health to the operator.
Simultaneously, general gasification furnace such as fire-sealing time length or improper being prone in the burner hearth of the method for banking up a fire are stopped working, and cause phenomenons such as anthracemia, and igniting need be disclosed a duck eye to furnace bottom from burner hearth central authorities with wooden stick again.Open fan power, air quantity then and transfer to hour, charcoal or the spitball of getting trifle burning drop into burner hearth bottom, wait to produce a large amount of dense smokes and can cover bell, certainly will cause like this dense smoke from fire door emerge cause smoke the people, the eyes phenomenon of choking and very inconvenient.
And the clarifier of general gasification furnace can only carry out secondary separation at most and purify, and the gas that is produced is clean inadequately, can produce flue dust and pellet during burning, pollutes.
The utility model content
The utility model technical issues that need to address just are to overcome the defective of prior art, and a kind of full-automatic stalk gasifier is provided, and it is a kind of use biomass as fuel, the novel straw gasification furnace that adopts electronic ignition mode to light.
For addressing the above problem, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of full-automatic stalk gasifier of the utility model comprises the gasification furnace body of heater, and described gasification furnace bottom is provided with a lighting-up tuyere, by lighting-up tuyere automatic ignitor is installed; Described body of heater connects a condensation purifier by Gas Pipe, and described condensation purifier is provided with the gas outlet pipeline, is provided with dividing plate in the condensation purifier, and described dividing plate both sides are respectively arranged with the multiple tracks cold plate.
Described body of heater and condensation purifier all are set with a hot water jacket, and described body of heater hot water jacket one side connects water tank by pipeline, and opposite side connects the condensation purifier hot water jacket by pipeline, and described condensation purifier hot water jacket one side is provided with hot water outlet.The setting of hot water jacket provides the efficiency of utilization of whole system.
There is an annular water tank at charging aperture place, described gasification furnace upper end, is stamped seal cover on the described tank.The cooperation of annular water tank and seal cover has improved the sealing of gasification furnace.
Described gasification furnace body of heater lower end is provided with ash hole and ash discharge cover.
Described gasification furnace bottom is connected with air inlet, and described air inlet is communicated with the blower fan air supply duct by intake stack.
Described blower fan air supply duct connects the gas outlet pipeline by combustion-supporting pipeline.
Described Gas Pipe connects smoke exhaust pipe.
Described condensation purifier bottom is provided with blowoff valve.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: combustibles such as biomass fuel such as stalk, corncob, rice husk, sawdust, peanut shell, edible mushroom waste residue, cattle and sheep excrement (being the carbonization decomposition chemical reaction process) in the gasification furnace combustion process produce carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO 2) hydrogen (H 2), methane (CH 4) wait fuel gas, this gas enters condensation purifier through after the initial gross separation in body of heater, purify through the condensation purifier separating for several times again, thoroughly separate water outlet and tar after, the high-purity combustion gas is sent into gas-cooker by appendix lights.
Advantage of the present utility model has:
1, the utility model condensation purifier adopts the separating for several times purifier, fuel gas also produces part tar and steam when producing, gas is got to earlier on first cold plate through refrigerated separation, making part tar and moisture fall to flowing to discharge outlet along the inclination tank goes out, gas passes through second and third again, four times, five times with the principle isolation of purified, thoroughly separate water outlet and tar, discharge automatically.General gasification furnace condensation purifier can only carry out double purification at most, and the separating effect of this cooling separator will be higher than general gasification furnace far away by contrast.
2, in the stove automatic ignitor is set, adopts electronic ignition, fundamentally solved a difficult problem of lighting a fire again after the gasification furnace igniting and the failure of banking up a fire, easy to operate, only needed to light in 2-3 minute.
3, the utility model apparatus system itself belongs to the environmental protection energy by plant biomass gas making, and clean health is easy and simple to handle, alternative traditional bavin kitchen range and liquefied gas.
4, hot water jacket has improved the efficiency of utilization of whole system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of full-automatic stalk gasifier of the utility model comprises gasification furnace body of heater 1, and described gasification furnace bottom is provided with a lighting-up tuyere, by lighting-up tuyere automatic ignitor 7 is installed; Described body of heater connects a condensation purifier 17 by Gas Pipe 19, and described condensation purifier is provided with gas outlet pipeline 15, is provided with dividing plate in the condensation purifier, and described dividing plate both sides are respectively arranged with multiple tracks cold plate 9.
Described body of heater and condensation purifier all are set with a hot water jacket 6, and described body of heater hot water jacket one side connects water tank 4 by pipeline 5, and opposite side connects the condensation purifier hot water jacket by pipeline, and described condensation purifier hot water jacket one side is provided with hot water outlet 14.The setting of hot water jacket provides the efficiency of utilization of whole system.
There is an annular water tank 3 at charging aperture place, described gasification furnace upper end, is stamped seal cover 2 on the described tank.The cooperation of annular water tank and seal cover has improved the sealing of gasification furnace.
Described gasification furnace body of heater lower end is provided with ash hole and ash discharge cover 18.
Described gasification furnace bottom is connected with air inlet 8, and described air inlet is communicated with blower fan air supply duct 13 by intake stack 12.
Described blower fan air supply duct connects the gas outlet pipeline by combustion-supporting pipeline 11.
Described Gas Pipe connects smoke exhaust pipe 16.
Described condensation purifier bottom is provided with blowoff valve 10.
The operation principle of the present utility model and the course of work are as follows: with 4-6 kilogram raw material, as: crushing straw, broken cornstalk, rice husk, sawdust, peanut shell, the edible mushroom waste residue, cattle and sheep excrement etc. add behind the gasification furnace the raw material compacting by charging aperture, the sealed feed inlet lid, with automatic ignitor one end insertion point burner, the other end inserts the 220V power supply, raw material is lighted automatically after 3 minutes, extract igniter out, tighten the igniting flap and start blower fan, by the air inlet gasification of blowing, raw material anoxic in the combustion chamber is fully burnt, energy changes, produce carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, fuel gas and tar such as methane, steam etc., send into condensation purifier after repeatedly refrigerated separation purifies by Gas Pipe, separate water outlet and a small amount of tar molecule, discharge by blowoff valve, the fuel gas of cleaning enters stove and accessory by appendix, lights with pulse igniter to get final product.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to the explanation the utility model and and the described technical scheme of unrestricted the utility model; Therefore, although this specification has been described in detail the utility model with reference to each above-mentioned embodiment,, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that still and can make amendment or be equal to replacement the utility model; And all do not break away from the technical scheme and the improvement thereof of spirit and scope of the present utility model, all should be encompassed in the claim scope of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of full-automatic stalk gasifier comprises the gasification furnace body of heater, it is characterized in that: described gasification furnace bottom is provided with a lighting-up tuyere, by lighting-up tuyere automatic ignitor is installed; Described body of heater connects a condensation purifier by Gas Pipe, and described condensation purifier is provided with the gas outlet pipeline, is provided with dividing plate in the condensation purifier, and described dividing plate both sides are respectively arranged with the multiple tracks cold plate.
2, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body of heater and condensation purifier all are set with a hot water jacket, described body of heater hot water jacket one side connects water tank by pipeline, opposite side connects the condensation purifier hot water jacket by pipeline, and described condensation purifier hot water jacket one side is provided with hot water outlet.
3, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: there is an annular water tank at charging aperture place, described gasification furnace upper end, is stamped seal cover on the described tank.
4, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described gasification furnace body of heater lower end is provided with ash hole and ash discharge cover.
5, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described gasification furnace bottom is connected with air inlet, and described air inlet is communicated with the blower fan air supply duct by intake stack.
6, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: described blower fan air supply duct connects the gas outlet pipeline by combustion-supporting pipeline.
7, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described Gas Pipe connects smoke exhaust pipe.
8, full-automatic stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described condensation purifier bottom is provided with blowoff valve.
CNU2008201358803U 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Full automatic straw gasification furnace Expired - Fee Related CN201318687Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201358803U CN201318687Y (en) 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Full automatic straw gasification furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201358803U CN201318687Y (en) 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Full automatic straw gasification furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201318687Y true CN201318687Y (en) 2009-09-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201358803U Expired - Fee Related CN201318687Y (en) 2008-10-10 2008-10-10 Full automatic straw gasification furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201318687Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102944005A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-02-27 佛山市康立普机电节能科技有限公司 Pyrolytic gasifying combustor for biomass
CN104848258A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-19 马全孝 Multifunctional comprehensive furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102944005A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-02-27 佛山市康立普机电节能科技有限公司 Pyrolytic gasifying combustor for biomass
CN102944005B (en) * 2012-11-07 2015-12-16 佛山市康立普机电节能科技有限公司 Biomass high-temperature pyrolysis gasification combustor
CN104848258A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-19 马全孝 Multifunctional comprehensive furnace

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090930

Termination date: 20111010

C17 Cessation of patent right