CN201310203Y - Fabricated building - Google Patents

Fabricated building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201310203Y
CN201310203Y CNU2008201229412U CN200820122941U CN201310203Y CN 201310203 Y CN201310203 Y CN 201310203Y CN U2008201229412 U CNU2008201229412 U CN U2008201229412U CN 200820122941 U CN200820122941 U CN 200820122941U CN 201310203 Y CN201310203 Y CN 201310203Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
firewood
roof
keel
plate
outdoor
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CNU2008201229412U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
勇 纪
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纪 勇;梁中锋
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Priority to CNU2008201229412U priority Critical patent/CN201310203Y/en
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Publication of CN201310203Y publication Critical patent/CN201310203Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a fabricated building which comprises a light steel frame, an enclosure wall body assembled on the light steel frame, a roof and a door and window packaging sleeve, wherein the enclosure wall body and the roof are respectively assembled by colorful steel plates, the outdoor side of the colorful steel plate of the enclosure wall body is fixed with a plurality of outdoor fireproof wood keels which are arranged at intervals, an outer side cover of the outdoor fireproof wood keels is provided with an outdoor fireproof wall plate, a plurality of outdoor air interlayers separated by the outdoor fireproof wood keels are arranged between the outdoor fireproof wall plate and the colorful steel plate of the enclosure wall body; the outdoor side of the colorful steel plate of the roof is fixed with a plurality of roof fireproof wood keels which are arranged at intervals, an outer side cover of the roof fireproof wood keels is provided with fireproof wood roof tiles, and a plurality of roof air interlayers separated by the fireproof wood roof keels are arranged between the fireproof wood roof tiles and the roof. The fabricated building has good fire resistance, high strength of the building structure, low vibration conductibility, and good sound insulation and heat preservation performance and is especially suitable for residential buildings.

Description

装配房屋 Assembly house

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型有关房屋结构,特别是有关一种复合板材结构的装配房屋。 For the present invention, the housing structure, especially with regard to the assembly housing A composite sheet structure. 背景技术 Background technique

目前市场上由复合板材构建的装配房屋有很多种,其中轻钢彩板结构的装配房屋普及最广,原因是轻钢彩板结构的装配房屋具有轻体、抗震、保温、 隔热、易于工业化生产、安装简便快捷、价格经济等优势。 Currently on the market constructed by assembling composite sheet houses are many, which houses the assembly popularity of light steel color plate structure of the most widely used, because the light steel structure color plate assembly house with a light body, seismic, thermal insulation, heat insulation, easy to industrialization production, installation simple and quick, affordable, and other advantages. 但在实际的使用过程中,发现轻钢彩板(即彩钢板)结构的装配房屋还是存在较多性能上的不足之处: However, in actual use, the light steel plate Cai found (i.e., color plates) Housing assembly structure deficiencies still exist on many properties:

1. 彩钢板通常是由彩钢表层和夹置在彩钢表层内的发泡材制成,彩钢表层很薄,如遇火会高温熔融,而内部的发泡材十分易燃,火势会瞬间蔓延, 整个装配房屋的耐火性能较差。 1. The color of the color steel plate is usually made in the skin and the sandwiched foam material surface layer Color, Color thin surface layer, in case of fire will melt temperature, and the inside of the foam material is flammable, fire will be spread instantly, poor fire resistance of the entire assembly house.

2. 彩钢表层刚性较大,缓冲震动的性能相对较弱,同时彩钢板所构成的装配房屋的墙壁相对单薄不厚重,强度低,经常是装配房屋的局部被震动, 整个房屋都会随着震动,房屋的结构强度低,震动传导性较高。 2. Color surface greater rigidity, shock cushioning performance is relatively weak, while the relatively thin wall of the assembly housing the color plate is not formed thick, low strength, frequently houses are partially assembled vibration, vibration will be with the entire housing low structural strength of the housing, higher conductivity shock.

3. 彩钢表层和夹置在彩钢表层内的发泡材,厚度有限,且不具空气隔层,隔音性能和保温性能较差。 3. Color sandwiched foam material and skin in a color steel surface layer, the thickness is limited, and not with air compartment, poor sound insulation and thermal insulation properties.

4. 彩钢表层和夹置在彩钢表层内的发泡材通常是通过胶合剂粘结在一 4. Color skin and skin color steel sandwiched within the foam material is typically bonded by glue in a

起的,二者结合的强度低,在组装成装配房屋以后,如在彩钢板上吊置重物, 例如挂钟、灯具等,容易使彩钢表层和发泡材脱层。 Since, the combination of both low strength, to fit in the housing after assembled, as a heavy object hanged color plate, a wall clock, for example, lamps, etc., and easy to color steel skin delamination foam material.

5. 这种轻钢彩板结构的装配房屋的轻钢框架的钢管主体的截面通常为长方形或正方形,用钢量较大,导致房屋的总重很难减低,随着钢材料资源的不断消耗,钢材价格不断上涨,使得构建装配房屋的成本也高,且截面为长方形或正方形的钢管主体所组构建的异型轻钢架稳固性不理想,装配房屋存在安全隐患。 Steel tubular body 5. This assembled light steel frame house light steel color plate structure generally rectangular or square, large amounts of steel, resulting in difficult to reduce the total weight of the housing, with the resource consumption of the steel material , steel prices are rising, so that the cost of building the assembly housing is high, and a rectangular or square cross-section of the steel body shaped light steel frame group constructed stability is not ideal, there are security risks assembly housing.

6.彩钢表层通常不具有压花纹理,整个装配房屋的外观造型呆板、冷漠,手触感不舒服等等。 6. Color surface usually does not have embossed texture, the appearance of the entire assembly house style dull, cold, uncomfortable sensation to the touch and so on.

因此,基于以上原因,目前现有的轻钢彩板结构的装配房屋主要还是广泛应用于工业厂房、库房、临时工房及办公建筑等场合,非常不适用于永久性的民用住宅房屋建筑。 Therefore, based on the above reasons, currently available light steel structure color plate assembly houses mainly widely used in industrial plants, warehouses, temporary housing and office buildings and so on, so not suitable for permanent residential housing construction.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是提供一种装配房屋,耐火性能好、房屋结构强度高、震动传导性低、隔音保温性能好,尤其适用于民用住宅房屋。 The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a housing assembly, fire resistance, structural strength housing, low vibration conductivity, good sound insulation properties, especially for residential houses.

本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是提供一种装配房屋,能使彩钢表层和夹置在彩钢表层内的发泡材紧密地夹固在一起,不会发生脱层现象。 The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a housing assembly, and make the skin color steel color steel sandwiched within the surface of the foam material tightly clamped together, delamination does not occur.

本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是提供一种装配房屋,进一步降低房屋总重,降低构建装配房屋的成本,且房屋骨架的稳固性好。 The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a housing assembly, further reducing the total weight of the housing, reducing the cost of building housing assembly, and the stability of the skeleton of a good house.

本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是提供一种装配房屋,房屋的外观造型温暖具有亲和力、手触感舒服。 The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide an assembly houses, houses have an affinity for warm appearance, hand feel comfortable.

本实用新型提供一种装配房屋,包括有轻钢框架、组设在轻钢框架上的围护墙体、屋顶及门窗包口套,围护墙体和屋顶分别由彩钢板组拼而成,其 The present invention provides a housing assembly, comprises a light steel frame group provided on a lightweight steel frame enclosing walls, roofs, windows and doors packet muzzle, enclosure walls and roof are made up by all color plate group, its

特征是:在围护墙体的彩钢板的室外侧固定多条间隔布置的室外防火材龙骨,在所述多条室外防火材龙骨的外侧盖设室外防火墙板,在所述室外防火墙板与围护墙体的彩钢板之间由室外防火材龙骨间隔出多个室外空气夹层; 在所述屋顶的彩钢板的室外侧固定多条间隔布置的屋顶防火材龙骨,在所述多条屋顶防火材龙骨的外侧盖设防火材屋顶瓦,在所述防火材屋顶瓦与屋顶的彩钢板之间由屋顶防火材龙骨间隔出多个屋顶空气夹层。 Characterized in that: the outdoor firewood plurality of spaced fixed keel outer chamber of the envelope wall color plate, outside the plurality of outdoor firewood keel cover plate disposed outside the firewall, the firewall outside and bounded by plate wALL color plate between the outside by a plurality of spaced keels firewood outdoor air sandwich; color plate on the outside of the chamber of the fixed roof plurality of spaced firewood keel roof, the roof plurality of firewood the outer cover is provided firewood keel roof tiles, color plate between the firewood roof tile roof with a plurality of spaced air sandwich the roofing roof firewood keel.

根据上述方案,本实用新型的装配房屋相对于现有的彩钢板所构建的装配房屋,具有如下显而易见的优点:本实用新型在围护墙体的彩钢板的室外侧以及屋顶的彩钢板的室外侧分别固定多条间隔布置的室外防火材龙骨和屋顶防火材龙骨,并在室外防火材龙骨和屋顶防火材龙骨的外侧分别盖设防 According to the above embodiment, the present invention relative to the housing assembly assembled conventional color plate housing constructed has the following evident advantages: color plate chamber outer chamber of the present invention, color plate in the roof and wall envelope outdoor firewood firewood keel keel and roof are fixed a plurality of outer spaced, and the outer roof and keel outdoor firewood firewood keel cover respectively fortified

火墙板和防火材屋顶瓦,从而整个房屋的耐火性大大提高;同时整个房屋的围护墙体和顶屋相对比较厚重,房屋的结构强度提高,从而震动传导性降低; 而在围护墙体和屋顶的室外侧还分别形成室外空气夹层和屋顶空气夹层,从而防屋的隔音性能和保温性能大大增强,也起到了建筑节能的功效。 Firewall roof tile panels and firewood to the fire resistance is greatly improved overall housing; the same envelope wall and a top house whole house is relatively thick, to improve the structural strength of the housing, so that the vibration conductivity is lowered; and the envelope wall and the outer chamber are formed further outside of the roof and roof air sandwich an air sandwich, so that the performance and sound insulation performance greatly enhanced anti-house, also played a building energy conservation effect.

在优选的实施方式中,在围护墙体的彩钢板的室内侧固定多条间隔布置的室内防火材龙骨,在所述多条室内防火材龙骨的内侧盖设室内防火墙板, 在所述室内防火墙板与围护墙体的彩钢板之间由室内防火材龙骨间隔出多个室内空气夹层。 In a preferred embodiment, the indoor firewood keel fixed in a plurality of spaced interior side of the envelope wall color plate, inside the chamber firewood plurality of keel cover plate disposed interior firewall, the chamber color steel plate with a firewall between the envelope wall by the indoor firewood keel interlayer spacing a plurality of indoor air. 这样,在整个房屋的室内、室外分别设有室内、室外防火材龙骨和室内、室外防火墙板,能使室内、室外的火源都可以得到阻隔,且整个房屋的防火材比重进一步增加,耐火性能提高,另外围护墙体的墙厚进一步增加,房屋结构强度增强,震动传导性再度降低,同时由于在室内侧和室外侧分别形成室外、室内空气夹层,隔音性能和保温性能进一步加强,建筑节能功效更突出。 Thus, the whole house indoor and outdoor are provided indoor, outdoor and indoor firewood keel, plate outside the firewall, can indoor and outdoor fire barrier sources can be obtained, and the whole house fireproof material proportion is further increased, the fire resistance increase, additional envelope wall thickness of the wall is further increased, to enhance the structural strength of housing, shock conductivity decreased again, and because the outside is formed on the indoor side and the outer chamber, respectively, the indoor air layer, sound insulation performance, and further enhance performance, energy saving effect more prominent.

在优选的实施方式中,装配房屋包括地板,所述地板由彩钢板组拼而成, 在地板的彩钢板上表面覆盖一层防水层,在所述防水层上方固定多条间隔布置的地板防火材龙骨,在所述地板防火材龙骨上盖设地面防火板,在所述地面防火板与防水层之间由地板防火材龙骨间隔出多个地面空气夹层。 In a preferred embodiment, the assembly housing includes a floor, said floor plate group made up by all color, covered with a waterproof layer on the surface of the color steel plate floor, the waterproof layer is fixed over a plurality of spaced floor fire arrangement wood keel, the keel floor firewood fire ground cover plate disposed between the ground plate and the waterproof layer spacer fire an air sandwich the plurality of ground floor firewood keel. 这样, 可由地面防火板进一步强化耐火性能和防潮性能,由地面空气夹层进一步强化隔音性能和保温性能。 In this way, the ground can be further reinforced fireproof board moisture resistance and fire resistance, sound insulation and thermal insulation to further strengthen the performance of an air sandwich from the ground.

在优选的实施方式中,在所述屋顶的彩钢板的室外侧覆盖一层屋顶防水层,所述多条间隔布置的屋顶防火材龙骨设在所述屋顶防水层上方,所述多个屋顶空气夹层位于所述防火材屋顶瓦与屋顶防水层之间。 In a preferred embodiment, the color plate on the outside of the chamber roof covered roofing membranes, said plurality of spaced keels firewood roof provided above said roof waterproofing layer, a plurality of roof air firewood interlayer located between the roof tile and roofing membranes. 设置屋顶防水层,能使房屋承受雨水的性能增强,即使屋顶瓦破损,也不会发生房屋漏雨的现象。 Setting roofing membranes, can withstand the house rainwater performance enhancements, even if broken roof tiles, houses leaking phenomenon does not occur.

在优选的实施方式中,所述室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨分别通过螺固件与围护墙体的彩钢板相固定,所述室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨分别通过螺固件与围护墙体的彩钢板相固定,所述螺固件贯穿室外防火材龙 In a preferred embodiment, the keel firewood outdoor, indoor firewood keel are screwed firmware envelope wall color plate is fixed by the outdoor firewood keel, the keel indoor firewood and bounded respectively by screw fixing wALL color plate fixed to the screw fixing through the outdoor firewood Long

骨和围护墙体的彩钢板,或者贯穿室内防火材龙骨和围护墙体的彩钢板;或者贯穿室外防火材龙骨、围护墙体的彩钢板和正对的室内防火材龙骨。 Bone and steel retaining wall color, or color steel indoor firewood throughout the keel and retaining walls; or through the outdoor firewood keel, color steel retaining wall and indoor firewood is on the keel. 室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨使用贯穿的螺固件例如螺钉或螺栓,不仅能将彩钢板的彩钢表层和夹设在彩钢表层内的发泡材紧固的夹持在一起,解决吊重脱层的问题,还能使整个围护墙体结合为一个有机的整体,围护墙体和整个房屋的结构强度增加。 Outdoor firewood keel, the keel indoor firewood through use of a bolt or screw fixing member such as a screw, not only the surface layer can Color color plate and the sandwiched foam material surface layer Color fastened clamped together, hanging solution heavy delamination problem, but also the entire envelope wall combined into an organic whole, increased structural strength and retaining walls throughout the house.

在优选的实施方式中,所述室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨、屋顶防火材龙骨、地板防火材龙骨分别通过螺固件与围护墙体的彩钢板、屋顶的彩钢板和地板的彩钢板相固定;所述室外防火墙板、室内防火墙板、防火材屋顶瓦和地面防火板分别通过气钉固定在室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨、 屋顶防火材龙骨和地板防火材龙骨上。 In a preferred embodiment, the keel firewood outdoor, indoor firewood keel, the keel firewood roof, floor joist respectively firewood color plate and screw fixing envelope wall, roof and floor color plate color plate is fixed; firewall to the outside panels, interior firewall plate, firewood roof tile and floor plate respectively on the gas fire nails keel firewood outdoor, indoor firewood keel, the keel and the floor roofing firewood firewood keel.

在优选的实施方式中,所述轻钢框架由轻钢管件所构成,所述轻钢管件具有等边三角形横截面。 In a preferred embodiment, the light steel frame is constituted by a light steel member, the steel member having a light equilateral triangular cross section. 相较于由截面为长方形或正方形的轻钢管件所构建而成的轻钢框架,本实用新型的轻钢架用钢量显著减少,重量轻,能显著降低房屋造价和总重,并且等边三角形的轻钢管件所构建的轻钢框架,利用三角支撑原理可增强彩钢板的强度,房屋结构更加稳固。 Compared to the light pipe pieces by a light steel frame of a rectangular or square cross-section are constructed of the present invention the T-bar steel was significantly reduced, light weight, can significantly reduce the cost and total weight of the housing, and equilateral light triangular steel pipe steel frame constructed using triangle supports a color plate strength is increased, more stable housing structure.

在优选的实施方式中,所述室外防火墙板的外表面、室内防火墙板的内表面具有压花纹理层,能使整个房屋的视觉感受温暖、手触感舒服、具有较强的亲和力,解决了现有轻钢彩板结构的装配房屋所存在的外观呆板、触感单调、冷漠等缺乏人性化的问题,并具有文化价值。 In a preferred embodiment, the outer surface of the plate outside the firewall, the firewall interior surface of the inner plate has an embossed texture layer, you can feel the warmth of the entire house visual, touch feeling comfortable, has a strong affinity to solve the now lack of light steel structure color plate assembly houses existed look dull, feel monotonous, apathy and other human issues and cultural value. 另外,所述屋顶的室内侧还设有防火材吊顶,所述防火材吊顶与屋顶的彩钢板之间具有屋顶保温室,进一步增加保温节能效果,所述防火材吊顶的下表面和地面防火板的上表面具有压花纹理层,进一步增进视觉感观、触感和亲和力。 Further, the indoor side of the roof is also provided firewood ceiling, having a roof insulation chamber between the ceiling and the firewood color steel roof, to further increase the thermal insulation effect, the lower surface of the ceiling and floor firewood Firewood an embossed texture on the surface layer to further enhance the visual sensory, tactile and affinity.

综上,本实用新型的装配房屋确实具有轻体、防火、抗震、防水、防腐、 保温隔热、安全舒适、美观耐用等诸多优点,尤其适用于民用住宅房屋。 In summary, the present invention assembly house does have a lightweight, fire, earthquake, waterproof, corrosion, insulation, safe and comfortable, beautiful and durable, and many other advantages, especially for residential houses.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图l为本实用新型的装配房屋的门窗部位的局部剖视图。 Figure l partial sectional view of the present invention the doors and windows of houses fitting portion.

图2为本实用新型的装配房屋的屋顶的局部剖视图。 FIG 2 is a partial sectional view of the invention of the present house roof assembly. 图3为本实用新型的轻钢框架门窗部位的局部示意图。 FIG 3 is a partial schematic view of light steel frame doors invention of the present site. 图4为图3的侧视图。 FIG 4 is a side view of FIG.

图5为本实用新型的围护墙体的一个实施例的局部立体图。 FIG 5 is a partial perspective view of one embodiment of the invention the envelope wall.

图6为本实用新型的地板的示意图。 6 is a schematic of the floor of the present invention.

图7为本实用新型优选的围护墙体的示意图。 FIG 7 is a schematic of the preferred invention, the present envelope wall.

图8为从图7另一角度观视的示意图。 8 is another perspective of FIG. 7 from viewing FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

如图1〜4所示,本实用新型提供一种装配房屋,包括有轻钢框架1、组设在轻钢框架1上的围护墙体2、屋顶3、门窗包口套4、装配在门窗包口套4内的门窗5以及包口板等等。 As shown in FIG. 1 ~ 4, the present invention provides a housing assembly, including a light steel frame, the frame set 1 is provided on a lightweight steel enclosure walls 2, the roof 3, 4 sets of doors including the mouth, fitted doors and windows 5 and the mouth of the bag mouth of the bag sets in the plate 4 and the like. 围护墙体2和屋顶3分别由彩钢板6组拼而成,彩钢板6选用市面上可以购得的现有彩钢板6,彩钢板6包括两侧的彩钢表层61和夹设在彩钢表层61之间的发泡材62。 Retaining walls 2 and 3 the roof plate 6 are set up by all the color from color plate 6 can be selected commercially available conventional color plate 6, Color color plate 6 comprises sides 61 and a surface layer sandwiched color foam material 62 between surface 61 of steel. 门窗5可以是装配房屋本身自带的,通过自攻螺丝83穿过轻钢框架1的轻钢龙骨16固定在彩钢板6 上,轻钢龙骨16也通过自攻螺丝83固定在彩钢板6端部,当然门窗5也可以是用户依据自身的实际需求重新配置的;如图3、 4所示,以门窗5处附近的轻钢框架l为例,轻钢框架1可釆用现有构架,例如由长方形或正方形的轻钢管件所构建而成,可包括屋顶框架(未图式)、围护墙体框架(未图示)、上圈梁ll、下圈梁12等等,在上、下圈梁ll、 12之间设有门窗龙骨立柱13、门窗龙骨上横撑14和门窗龙骨上横撑15等。 Housing 5 can be assembled door itself comes, a metal frame 16 is fixed to the plate 6 through the color light steel frame by a self-tapping screws 83, metal frame 16 is also secured by self-tapping screws 83 at the end of the 6 color plate portion, of course, windows 5 may be user based on their actual needs reconfiguration; 3, 4, close to the light steel frame l doors 5, for example, light steel frame 1 may preclude the use of conventional architecture, for example, constructed by a rectangular or square light pipe pieces together, may comprise a roof frame (not drawings), envelope wall frame (not shown), the ring beam ll, the ring beam 12 and so on, the ring beam ll, 13 is provided between the door pillar 12 of the keel, the keel rung rung windows 15 and doors 14 on keel.

本实用新型的装配房屋的改进之处是:如图5所示,在围护墙体2的彩钢板6的室外侧上由螺固件例如螺钉81固定多条间隔布置的室外防火材龙骨21,在所述多条室外防火材龙骨21的外侧由气钉82连接固设室外防火墙板22,螺固件优选贯穿室外防火材龙骨21和彩钢板6的两侧彩钢表层61 和发泡材62,以使彩钢板6不会吊重脱层,在室外防火墙板22的端部处由气钉82将起始条84固定在室外防火材龙骨21端部凹槽内,在室外防火墙板22与围护墙体2的彩钢板6之间由室外防火材龙骨22间隔出多个室外空气夹层23;如图2所示,在屋顶3的彩钢板6的室外侧由螺固件例如螺钉81固定多条间隔布置的屋顶防火材龙骨31,在多条屋顶防火材龙骨31的外侧由气钉82连接盖设防火材屋顶瓦32,在防火材屋顶瓦32与屋顶3的彩钢板6之间由屋顶防火材龙骨31间隔出多个屋顶空气夹层33。 New and improved housing assembly of the present invention are: 5, color plate on the outside of the chamber wall 2 of the envelope 6 by screw fixing the keel member 81 such as an outdoor fire fixing a plurality of spaced screws 21, outside the plurality of outdoor firewood gas keel 21 is connected by a nail plate 82 is fixed outside the firewall 22, preferably through the screw fixing on both sides of the keel color firewood outdoor surface 61 and foam material 62 21 and the color plate 6, color plate 6 so that the hoist will not delaminate, starting from the inner strip 82 to 84 is fixed an end portion 21 in the outdoor air staple firewood keel recess, outside the firewall and the plate 22 around the end of the plate 22 outside the firewall 2 wALL color plate 6 between the keel 22 by the outdoor firewood outdoor air sandwich a plurality of spacer 23; As shown, the outer side of the roof color plate 3 of chamber 6, for example, a plurality of fixing screws 812 by the screw fixing spaced roof firewood keel 31, on the outside of a plurality of roof firewood keel 31 is connected by a gas cap 82 is provided firewood staple roof tiles 32, 32 firewood roof tile color plate 3 and the roof between the roof 6 by a fire in a plurality of keel member 31 spaced 33 rooftop air sandwich.

本实用新型的装配房屋在围护墙体2及屋顶3的彩钢板6的室外侧分别固定多条间隔布置的室外防火材龙骨21和屋顶防火材龙骨31,并在室外防火材龙骨21和屋顶防火材龙骨31的外侧分别盖设室外防火墙板22和防火材屋顶瓦32,房屋的耐火性大大提高;且围护墙体2和顶屋3相对比较厚重, 结构强度提高,从而震动传导性降低;而所形成的室外空气夹层23和屋顶空气夹层33,提高了防屋的隔音性能、保温性能以及建筑节能性能。 Outdoor firewood keel chamber outer housing assembly of the present invention in a color plate 3 Retaining walls 2 and roof 6 are fixed a plurality of spaced keels 21 and roof 31 firewood, firewood and keel 21 outside the roof and firewood outer keels 31 are disposed outside the cover plate 22 and the firewall firewood roof tile 32, the fire resistance is greatly improved housing; and a top enclosure wall 2 and housing 3 is relatively heavy, structural strength is improved, thereby reducing conductivity shock ; while the outdoor air and the interlayer 23 is formed of an air sandwich roof 33, to improve the sound insulation performance, thermal insulation performance and the anti-EEB house.

本实用新型的装配房屋,可在屋顶3的室内侧设置防火材吊顶(未图示), 由防火材吊顶与屋顶3的彩钢板6之间形成屋顶保温室,进一步增加保温节能效果,同时阻隔由房屋顶部可能发生的火源。 Housing assembly according to the present invention, may be installed on the roof of the chamber 3 side of firewood ceiling (not shown), is formed by a roof insulation chamber 6 between the roof and the ceiling firewood color plate 3, to further increase the thermal insulation effect, while blocking ignition sources may occur from the top of the house. 如图2所示,优选在屋顶3 的彩钢板6的室外恻覆盖一层屋顶防水层34,使多条间隔布置的屋顶防火材龙骨31设在该屋顶防水层34上方,从而多个屋顶空气夹层33即位于所述防火材屋顶瓦32与屋顶防水层34之间。 2, preferably on the roof of the outdoor sad color plate 3 6 34 covered with roofing membranes, roofing firewood make a plurality of spaced keels 31 disposed above the roof waterproofing layer 34, such that a plurality of air roof i.e. interlayer 33 located between the firewood roof tile roofing membranes 32 and 34. 设置屋顶防水层34,能使房屋承受雨水的性能增强,即使防火材屋顶瓦32破损,也不会发生房屋漏雨的现象。 Set roof waterproofing layer 34, can withstand the house rainwater performance enhancement, even firewood roof tiles damaged 32 houses leaking phenomenon does not occur.

如图6所示,本实用新型的装配房屋可以包括地板7,地板7由彩钢板6组拼而成,如果房屋构建为平房,直接使彩钢板6铺设在大地上,如果构建为楼房,需将彩钢板6铺设在楼层板上,在地板7的彩钢板6上表面覆盖一层防水层74,提高地板7的防水防潮效果,在防水层74上方由螺固件例如螺钉81固定多条间隔布置的地板防火材龙骨71,在地板防火材龙骨71 上由气钉82连接盖设地面防火板72,强化耐火性能,在地面防火板72与防水层74之间由地板防火材龙骨71间隔出多个地面空气夹层73,增加保温性能。 6, the housing assembly of the present invention may include a floor 7, the floor plate 7 6 Assembling of color formed, if the housing is constructed swimming, so that a direct color plate 6 is laid on the ground, if the building is constructed, for an the color steel plate 6 laid in the floor, the surface layer of the waterproof layer 74 covering the color plate 7 on the floor 6, the effect of improving waterproof floor 7, the screw 81 is fixed by a screw fixing a plurality of spaced above the waterproof layer 74 e.g. firewood keel floor 71, the floor 71 is connected by a keel firewood gas fire staples 82 ground cover plate 72 is provided, to strengthen the fire resistance, the keel 74 between the ground floor firewood fire plate 72 and the spacer layer 71 of a multi waterproof terrestrial air sandwich 73, increase the insulation performance.

如图7、 8所示,在围护墙体2的彩钢板6的室内侧由螺固件例如螺钉81固定多条间隔布置的室内防火材龙骨24,在多条室内防火材龙骨24的内侧由气钉82连接盖设室内防火墙板25,螺固件优选贯穿室内防火材龙骨21 和彩钢板6的两侧彩钢表层61和发泡材62,可使彩钢板6不会吊重脱层, 最优选的,如果窒外、室内防火材龙骨21、 24刚好正对,可使螺固件(螺栓85,在图7中绘示了一个示例)贯穿室外防火材龙骨21、彩钢板6和正对的室内防火材龙骨24,不仅能避免彩钢板6脱层,且能使整个围护墙体2 结合为一个有机的整体,围护墙体2和整个房屋的结构强度增加,在室内防火墙板25与围护墙体2的彩钢板6之间由室内防火材龙骨24间隔出多个室内空气夹层26。 7, 8, such as an indoor fire keel member on the indoor side of the wall 2 of envelope color plate 6 fixed by a plurality of screw fixing screws spaced 8124, a plurality of inside chamber 24 by keel firewood staple cover 82 is connected to the gas chamber disposed firewall plate 25, preferably through the screw fixing the keel member 21 and interior fire color plate 61 and the surface sides of the color steel foam material 626, the color plate 6 can not delamination hoist, most preferably, 21, color plate 6 and the facing interior if the outer snapped, indoor firewood keel 21, 24 just facing, can screw fixing member (bolt 85, in FIG. 7 illustrates one example) through the outdoor firewood keel firewood keel 24, not only to avoid delamination color plate 6, and cause the entire enclosure wall 2 combined into an organic whole, enclosure walls 2 and increase the overall structural strength of the housing, the interior plate 25 and around the firewall wALL color plate 2 between the sheets 6 by the indoor fire a plurality of spaced keels 24 26 indoor air sandwich. 这样,在整个房屋的室内、室外分别设有室内、室外防火材龙骨21、 24和室内、室外防火墙板22、 25,能使室内、室外的火源都可以得到阻隔,且整个房屋的防火材比重进一步增加,耐火性能提高,另外围护墙体2的墙厚进一步增加,房屋结构强度增强,震动传导性再度降低,同时由于在室内侧和室外侧分别形成室外、室内空气夹层23、 26,隔音性能和保温性能进一步加强,建筑节能功效更突出。 Thus, the whole house indoor and outdoor are provided indoor, outdoor firewood keel 21, 24, and indoor and outdoor firewall plate 22, 25, can indoor and outdoor fire barrier sources can be obtained, and the whole house firewood further increase in the proportion, improve fire resistance, additional envelope wall thickness of the wall 2 is further increased, to enhance the structural strength of housing, shock conductivity decreased again, since while the outdoor are respectively formed on the indoor side and outdoor, indoor air sandwich 23, 26, soundproofing performance and insulation properties further strengthened, building energy-saving effect is more prominent.

在优选的实施方式中,本实用新型的轻钢框架1全部采用具有等边三角形横截面的轻钢管件,重量轻,能显著降低房屋造价和总重,且房屋结构更加稳固。 In a preferred embodiment, the present invention is a light steel frame member used in all light steel, light weight having a triangular cross-section edges and the like, can significantly reduce the cost and total weight of the housing, and the housing structure more solid.

在优选的实施方式中,所述室外防火墙板22的外表面、室内防火墙板的内表面25、防火材吊顶的下表面和地面防火板72的上表面都具有压花纹理层,例如可以压设出木材质理、石材质理等等具有自然材料质感的压花纹理层,能使整个房屋的视觉感受温暖、手触感舒服、具有较强的亲和力,解决了现有轻钢彩板结构的装配房屋所存在的外观呆板、触感单调、冷漠等缺乏人性化的问题,并具有文化价值。 In a preferred embodiment, the upper surface of the outer surface of the plate 22 outside the firewall, the firewall interior surface of the inner plate 25, the lower surface of the floor and ceiling firewood fire plate 72 has an embossed texture layer, for example, the pressure provided an embossed texture layer processing wood material, stone material processing and the like having a texture of natural materials, can feel the warmth of the entire house visual, touch feeling comfortable, has a strong affinity to solve the conventional assembly structure of a light steel plate Cai Housing existed look dull, feel monotonous, apathy lack of humanity's problems and cultural value.

说明一下,在本实用新型中,所提及的室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨、屋顶防火材龙骨、地板防火材龙骨、室外防火墙板、室内防火墙板、防火材屋顶瓦和地面防火板,可采用现有技术当中的防火材质,不作限制,要求通常具有防火、防水、防腐、耐候、抗冻、防腐、易造型等技术性能,例如可选用现有的菱镁基复合材料、水泥基复合材料、CCHC (由公司名称命名的产品型号)建筑墙板等等。 Explain, in the present invention, the proposed outdoor firewood keel, keel indoor firewood, firewood keel roof, floor firewood keel, outdoor firewall panels, interior panels firewall, firewood and roof tile floor and the fire board, the prior art may be employed fire-proof material which is, is not limited, generally has required technical performance fireproof, waterproof, corrosion, weather, frost, corrosion, and easy molding, etc., for example, choose an existing magnesia-based composite material, cement based composites material, CCHC (named after the company's product model) building panels and so on. 防水层也可以选用现有的防水胶、防水油单纸等等。 Waterproof layer may also use conventional waterproof plastic, paper and the like water and oil alone.

在此说明一下,以上仅是本实用新型的可行实施例,并不限定本实用新型的保护范围,任何他人依据本实用新型所做的简单变形和等效替换,都应属于本实用新型的保护范围。 To be clear, the foregoing that the present invention is only possible embodiment, not limit the scope of protection of the present invention, any simple modification and others based on the replacement of the present invention made equivalent, the present invention shall fall protection range.

Claims (9)

1.一种装配房屋,包括有轻钢框架、组设在轻钢框架上的围护墙体、屋顶及门窗包口套,围护墙体和屋顶分别由彩钢板组拼而成,其特征是:在围护墙体的彩钢板的室外侧固定多条间隔布置的室外防火材龙骨,在所述多条室外防火材龙骨的外侧盖设室外防火墙板,在所述室外防火墙板与围护墙体的彩钢板之间由室外防火材龙骨间隔出多个室外空气夹层;在所述屋顶的彩钢板的室外侧固定多条间隔布置的屋顶防火材龙骨,在所述多条屋顶防火材龙骨的外侧盖设防火材屋顶瓦,在所述防火材屋顶瓦与屋顶的彩钢板之间由屋顶防火材龙骨间隔出多个屋顶空气夹层。 A housing assembly, comprises a light steel frame group provided on a lightweight steel frame enclosing walls, roofs, windows and doors packet muzzle, enclosure walls and roof are made up by all color plate group, wherein is: color plate on the outside chamber wall outdoor firewood envelope fixed to the keel of a plurality of spaced, outside the plurality of outdoor firewood keel cover plate disposed outside the firewall, the firewall plate outdoor enclosure color plate between the outside wall by a plurality of spaced keels firewood outdoor air sandwich; color plate on the outside of the chamber roof roof firewood keel fixed plurality of spaced, the plurality of roof keel firewood the outer cover is provided firewood roof tiles, color plate between the firewood roof tile roof with a plurality of spaced air sandwich the roofing roof firewood keel.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的装配房屋,其特征是:在围护墙体的彩钢板的室内侧固定多条间隔布置的室内防火材龙骨,在所述多条室内防火材龙骨的内侧盖设室内防火墙板,在所述室内防火墙板与围护墙体的彩钢板之间由室内防火材龙骨间隔出多个室内空气夹层。 The housing assembly according to claim 1, characterized in that: the indoor firewood fixed to the keel of a plurality of spaced, inside the chamber firewood plurality of keel envelope cover the interior side wall of the color plate interior firewall plate disposed in the chamber between the envelope wall panel firewall color plate with a plurality of spaced interlayer indoor air by the indoor firewood keel.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的装配房屋,其特征是:装配房屋包括有地板,所述地板由彩钢板组拼而成,在地板的彩钢板上表面覆盖一层防水层,在所述防水层上方固定多条间隔布置的地板防火材龙骨,在所述地板防火材龙骨上盖设地面防火板,在所述地面防火板与防水层之间由地板防火材龙骨间隔出多个地面空气夹层。 The housing assembly according to claim 2, characterized in that: the assembly includes a housing with a floor, said floor plate group made up by all color, covered with a waterproof layer on the surface of the color steel plate floor, the waterproof a plurality of upper layer fixed spaced firewood floor joist, the joist floor firewood fire ground cover plate disposed between the ground plate and the waterproof layer spacer fire an air sandwich the plurality of ground floor joist firewood .
4. 根据权利要求3所述的装配房屋,其特征是:在所述屋顶的彩钢板的室外侧覆盖一层屋顶防水层,所述多条间隔布置的屋顶防火材龙骨设在所述屋顶防水层上方,所述多个屋顶空气夹层位于所述防火材屋顶瓦与屋顶防水层之间。 Housing assembly according to claim 3, characterized in that: a layer of roofing membranes covering the exterior side of the roof of the color steel plate, a plurality of spaced keels roof firewood provided the roofing the top layer, a plurality of roof air sandwich member positioned between the fire and the roof tile roofing membranes.
5. 根据权利要求2所述的装配房屋,其特征是:所述室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨分别通过螺固件与围护墙体的彩钢板相固定,所述螺固件贯穿室外防火材龙骨和围护墙体的彩钢板,或者贯穿室内防火材龙骨和围护墙体的彩钢板;或者贯穿室外防火材龙骨、围护墙体的彩钢板和正对的室内防火材龙骨。 Housing assembly according to claim 2, characterized in that: the outdoor firewood keel, the keel are screwed indoor firewood firmware Retaining wall color plate is fixed by a screw fixing through the outdoor firewood keel and retaining wall color plate, color steel or indoor firewood throughout the keel and retaining walls; or through the outdoor firewood keel, color steel retaining wall and indoor firewood is on the keel.
6. 根据权利要求4所述的装配房屋,其特征是:所述室外防火材龙骨、 室内防火材龙骨、屋顶防火材龙骨、地板防火材龙骨分别通过螺固件与围护墙体的彩钢板、屋顶的彩钢板和地板的彩钢板相固定;所述室外防火墙板、 室内防火墙板、防火材屋顶瓦和地面防火板分别通过气钉固定在室外防火材龙骨、室内防火材龙骨、屋顶防火材龙骨和地板防火材龙骨上。 Housing assembly according to claim 4, characterized in that: the outdoor firewood keel, the keel indoor firewood, firewood keel roof, floor joist respectively firewood color plate and screw fixing wall enclosure, the roof and floor color plate color plate is fixed; firewall to the outside panels, interior firewall plate, firewood roof tile floor and fire through the air nailing plates are firewood keel outdoor, indoor firewood keel, the keel roofing firewood firewood on the floor and keel.
7. 根据权利要求2〜6中任意一项所述的装配房屋,其特征是:所述轻钢框架由轻钢管件所构成,所述轻钢管件横截面为等边三角形。 2 ~ 6 Housing assembly according to any one of claims, characterized in that: said light steel frame is constituted by a light steel member, the steel member light equilateral triangle in cross section.
8. 根据权利要求7所述的装配房屋,其特征是:所述室外防火墙板的外表面、室内防火墙板的内表面具有压花纹理层。 Housing assembly according to claim 7, characterized in that: an outer surface of the plate outside the firewall, the firewall interior surface of the inner plate has an embossed texture layer.
9. 根据权利要求8所述的装配房屋,其特征是:所述屋顶的室内侧还设有防火材吊顶,所述防火材吊顶与屋顶的彩钢板之间具有屋顶保温室,所述防火材吊顶的下表面和地面防火板的上表面具有压花纹理层。 Housing assembly according to claim 8, wherein: said indoor side roof is also provided firewood ceiling, roof insulation chamber having a color plate between the ceiling and the roof of firewood, the firewood the upper surface of the floor and the ceiling surface of the fire plate having an embossed texture layer.
CNU2008201229412U 2008-10-07 2008-10-07 Fabricated building CN201310203Y (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016134674A1 (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-01 杨怡 Passive ultra-low energy-consumption building and method for manufacturing enclosing structure substrate

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016134674A1 (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-01 杨怡 Passive ultra-low energy-consumption building and method for manufacturing enclosing structure substrate

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