CN201306873Y - Convergence type solar collector - Google Patents

Convergence type solar collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201306873Y
CN201306873Y CNU2008201229982U CN200820122998U CN201306873Y CN 201306873 Y CN201306873 Y CN 201306873Y CN U2008201229982 U CNU2008201229982 U CN U2008201229982U CN 200820122998 U CN200820122998 U CN 200820122998U CN 201306873 Y CN201306873 Y CN 201306873Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dimensional tracking
reflector
motor
type solar
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201229982U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李永杰
李旭光
韩成明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING HUAYE SOLAR ENERGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BEIJING HUAYE SOLAR ENERGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BEIJING HUAYE SOLAR ENERGY Co Ltd filed Critical BEIJING HUAYE SOLAR ENERGY Co Ltd
Priority to CNU2008201229982U priority Critical patent/CN201306873Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201306873Y publication Critical patent/CN201306873Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a convergence type solar collector, which comprises a collector pipe, a cylindrical reflector and a bracket. The collector pipe is arranged on the axial line of the reflector and supported on the bracket. The convergence type solar collector is characterized in that the two ends of the collector pipe are both provided with a driven sprocket in a rotating way; the reflector is connected with the driven sprockets through connecting rods; the driven sprockets are connected with motor transmission through transmission mechanisms; the edge of the reflector is provided with a photosensitive probe which is used for tracking sunlight; and the photosensitive probe is connected with the motor through a controller. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, low cost and good effect of sunlight tracking.

Description

The convergence type solar thermal collector
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of helioplant, specifically is a kind of convergence type solar thermal collector.
Background technology
Solar energy is a kind of inexhaustible and free of contamination clean energy resource, and in the face of variety of issues such as energy crisis and pollutions, extensively and effectively using of solar energy makes these problems be readily solved current.
According to optical principle, parabolic cylinder can converge to the sunshine that disperses on the focal line, but prerequisite be sunshine must the vertical irradiation parabolic cylinder.Simultaneously, more original solar energy heat collectors all are fixed installations, can not adapt to sun east and rise the characteristics of motion that the west falls, and picture groove type heat collector and some other laboratory apparatus must the real-time tracing sun.Therefore, one of key technology that improves solar energy heating efficient is exactly the problem that solves the sunshine vertical irradiation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of convergence type solar thermal collector, with solve that prior art exists can not the real-time tracking sunshine problem.
The technical solution of the utility model is: the reflector and the support that comprise thermal-collecting tube, cylinder shape, thermal-collecting tube is installed on the axis of reflector and is supported on the support, it is characterized in that: all rotate at the two ends of described thermal-collecting tube a driven sprocket is installed, described reflector is connected with this driven sprocket by connecting rod; Described driven sprocket is in transmission connection by transmission mechanism and motor; At the edge of described reflector the sensitive probe that is used to follow the tracks of sunshine is installed, this sensitive probe is connected with described motor by controller.
Described transmission mechanism comprises power transmission shaft, decelerator drive sprocket and chain, power transmission shaft is equipped with in bottom at described support, the drive sprocket corresponding with described driven sprocket is installed on this power transmission shaft, between this driven sprocket and drive sprocket, is connected with chain.
Two-dimension tracing apparatus is equipped with at middle part in described support lower end, this two-dimension tracing apparatus comprises two-dimensional tracking decelerator, two-dimensional tracking motor and two-dimensional tracking output shaft, the two-dimensional tracking motor is in transmission connection by two-dimensional tracking decelerator and two-dimensional tracking output shaft, this two-dimensional tracking output shaft is connected with described support, and this two-dimensional tracking motor is connected with the two-dimensional tracking sensitive probe with the controller of a two dimension.
Have more than one group of described solar thermal collector combination and install,, and be in transmission connection by a described decelerator and motor with not on the same group the mutual coaxial connection of power transmission shaft.
The utility model has the advantages that: simple in structure, sun-tracing is effective.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure schematic diagram of the two-dimensional tracking embodiment of the utility model minimum unit;
Fig. 2 is the general structure schematic diagram of the one dimension tracking implementing example of three unit combination of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, this embodiment of the utility model comprises the reflector 2 and the support 7 of thermal-collecting tube 1, cylinder shape, and thermal-collecting tube 1 is installed on the axis of reflector 2 and is supported on the support 7.Installation one driven sprocket 3 is all rotated by bearing in two ends at described thermal-collecting tube 1, and described reflector 2 is connected with this driven sprocket 3 by connecting rod 13; Described driven sprocket 3 is in transmission connection by transmission mechanism and motor; At the edge of described reflector 2 sensitive probe 8 (existing product) that is used to follow the tracks of sunshine is installed, this sensitive probe 8 is connected with described motor by controller.
Described transmission mechanism comprises power transmission shaft 9, decelerator 5 drive sprockets 4 and chain 14, in the bottom of described support 7 power transmission shaft 9 is housed, the drive sprocket 4 corresponding with described driven sprocket 3 is installed on this power transmission shaft 9, between this driven sprocket 3 and drive sprocket 4, is connected with chain 14.
The utility model passes through sensitive probe 8 real-time sensitization when work, photoreceptor signal is transferred to controller (not shown), judges and calculate the direction that reflector rotates that by controller sensitive probe feeds back in real time simultaneously, form closed-loop system with controller, make that control is more accurate.Controller will output signal to common electric machine 6, motor is by decelerator 5, power transmission shaft 9, drive sprocket 4, chain 14, driven sprocket 3 and connecting rod 13, transmit motion to reflector 2, make that reflector 2 and sunshine are synchronous in real time, sunshine is converged on the thermal-collecting tube 1.
The utility model adopts 4 rev/mins common reducing motor 6, and is equipped with the decelerator 5 realization double reduction and the self-lockings of 1: 60 speed reducing ratio, so the power of motor 6 is very little, passes through multi-stage speed-reducing in addition, and tracking accuracy can be controlled in 0.2 °.
The utility model also can be on the basis of above-mentioned single one dimension heat collector, two-dimension tracing apparatus is equipped with at middle part in described support 7 lower ends, this two-dimension tracing apparatus comprises two-dimensional tracking decelerator 10, two-dimensional tracking motor 12 and two-dimensional tracking output shaft 11, two-dimensional tracking motor 12 is in transmission connection by two-dimensional tracking decelerator 10 and two-dimensional tracking output shaft 11, this two-dimensional tracking output shaft 11 is connected with described support 7, and this two-dimensional tracking motor 12 is connected with two-dimensional tracking sensitive probe (not shown) with the controller of a two dimension.Make original system become the two-dimensional tracking system, make the real-time vertical irradiation of its real realization.Such system can not do very greatly, and its meaning also is to realize small-sized pilot system or test platform, and the measurement of the vertical irradiation level of the sun.Certainly thermal-collecting tube can be placed incessantly on it, any heat collector or cell panel and various instrument that needs vertical irradiation can also be placed.
Referring to Fig. 2, the utility model can be connected into one group of shared drive motors 6 and decelerator 5 with 3 to 5 heat collectors shown in Figure 1 (not comprising two-dimensional tracking decelerator 10, two-dimensional tracking motor 12 and two-dimensional tracking output shaft 11), be connected into a big collecting system with several groups again, thereby use a cover circulatory system.This collecting system can be placed according to different things of latitude or north and south.
The utility model also has following characteristics:
1 the utility model thermal-collecting tube 1 is placed on the focal line of reflector 2, and thermal-collecting tube 1 is fixed on the support 7, and reflector 2 rotates around thermal-collecting tube 1, and reflector can reflex to the light of vertical irradiation on the thermal-collecting tube 1 at any time.
The mode that 2 the utility model adopt single drive source (motor 6 and decelerator 5) two ends to drive makes the two ends synchronized movement, has more avoided many drawbacks such as single-ended drive restriction heat collector 1 length.
By chain transmission campaign, that heat collector 1 and reflector 2 can be done like this is very big, can not be subjected to the restriction of transmission range as gear drive between 3 the utility model drive sources and the executive component reflector 2.
4 the utility model can replace the position that travel switch in the past feeds back reflector at the installation transversal switch (not shown) on the sensitive probe 8, improve the stability of system.
The real-time feedback that 5 the utility model adopt common electric machine 6 to add sensitive probe 8 is worked under lower-speed state and is replaced stepper motor, greatly reduces cost.
6 the utility model can be connected into 3 to 5 heat collectors 1 one group of shared drive source, are connected into a big collecting system with several groups again, thereby use a cover circulatory system.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of convergence type solar thermal collector, the reflector and the support that comprise thermal-collecting tube, cylinder shape, thermal-collecting tube is installed on the axis of reflector and is supported on the support, it is characterized in that: all rotate at the two ends of described thermal-collecting tube a driven sprocket is installed, described reflector is connected with this driven sprocket by connecting rod; Described driven sprocket is in transmission connection by transmission mechanism and motor; At the edge of described reflector the sensitive probe that is used to follow the tracks of sunshine is installed, this sensitive probe is connected with described motor by controller.
2, convergence type solar thermal collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism comprises power transmission shaft, decelerator drive sprocket and chain, power transmission shaft is equipped with in bottom at described support, the drive sprocket corresponding with described driven sprocket is installed on this power transmission shaft, between this driven sprocket and drive sprocket, is connected with chain.
3, convergence type solar thermal collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two-dimension tracing apparatus is equipped with at the middle part in described support lower end, this two-dimension tracing apparatus comprises two-dimensional tracking decelerator, two-dimensional tracking motor and two-dimensional tracking output shaft, the two-dimensional tracking motor is in transmission connection by two-dimensional tracking decelerator and two-dimensional tracking output shaft, this two-dimensional tracking output shaft is connected with described support, and this two-dimensional tracking motor is connected with the two-dimensional tracking sensitive probe with the controller of a two dimension.
4, convergence type solar thermal collector according to claim 2 is characterized in that: have more than one group of described solar thermal collector combination and install, with not on the same group the mutual coaxial connection of power transmission shaft, and be in transmission connection by a described decelerator and motor.
CNU2008201229982U 2008-10-27 2008-10-27 Convergence type solar collector Expired - Fee Related CN201306873Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201229982U CN201306873Y (en) 2008-10-27 2008-10-27 Convergence type solar collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201229982U CN201306873Y (en) 2008-10-27 2008-10-27 Convergence type solar collector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201306873Y true CN201306873Y (en) 2009-09-09

Family

ID=41099337

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201229982U Expired - Fee Related CN201306873Y (en) 2008-10-27 2008-10-27 Convergence type solar collector

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201306873Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101871811A (en) * 2010-06-09 2010-10-27 华北电力大学 Radiation measuring device of light-gathering heat collection pipe and scanning analysis method thereof
CN102645036A (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-08-22 刘德九 Sunlight trace synchronizer
CN102927693A (en) * 2011-10-10 2013-02-13 康雪慧 Solar heating device with rotatable heat collecting tube

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101871811A (en) * 2010-06-09 2010-10-27 华北电力大学 Radiation measuring device of light-gathering heat collection pipe and scanning analysis method thereof
CN101871811B (en) * 2010-06-09 2011-11-09 华北电力大学 Radiation measuring device of light-gathering heat collection pipe and scanning analysis method thereof
CN102927693A (en) * 2011-10-10 2013-02-13 康雪慧 Solar heating device with rotatable heat collecting tube
CN102927693B (en) * 2011-10-10 2015-06-03 威海金太阳光热发电设备有限公司 Solar heating device with rotatable heat collecting tube
CN102645036A (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-08-22 刘德九 Sunlight trace synchronizer
CN102645036B (en) * 2012-05-09 2014-09-24 黄山市信德电子技术研究所 Sunlight trace synchronizer

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090909

Termination date: 20151027

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model