CN201291270Y - Multi-level composite sports wedge mechanism - Google Patents

Multi-level composite sports wedge mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201291270Y
CN201291270Y CNU2008202228012U CN200820222801U CN201291270Y CN 201291270 Y CN201291270 Y CN 201291270Y CN U2008202228012 U CNU2008202228012 U CN U2008202228012U CN 200820222801 U CN200820222801 U CN 200820222801U CN 201291270 Y CN201291270 Y CN 201291270Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide block
guide plate
side flanging
oblique angle
block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2008202228012U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈静
徐洪
黄文伟
赵健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SICHUAN CHENGFEI INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SICHUAN CHENGFEI INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SICHUAN CHENGFEI INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SICHUAN CHENGFEI INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CNU2008202228012U priority Critical patent/CN201291270Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201291270Y publication Critical patent/CN201291270Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D19/00Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes
    • B21D19/08Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes by single or successive action of pressing tools, e.g. vice jaws

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multilevel combined motion tapered-wedge mechanism. The mechanism comprises an upper die side flanging mechanism provided with an upper sliding block and a lower die side flanging mechanism provided with a multilevel sliding block. The bevel guide sliding surface of an upper sliding block (19) can slide relatively along a bevel and move along the side flanging direction up and down under the press of the bevel face of an upper drive bevel guide plate (18) arranged on an upper die seat (2), therefore, side flange swaging is finished. A secondary sliding block (12) can slide relatively along the guide sliding surface of a secondary driving guide plate (11) and move along the side flanging direction up and down by the driving of the secondary driving guide plate (11) arranged on a first-level sliding block (10), therefore, side flange forming is finished. The multilevel combined motion tapered-wedge mechanism has small and compact structure, and the side flange shaping can be well realized for the special position of an automobile cover due to the multiple motion-direction conversion, therefore, the difficulty that the single motion relationship of the common tapered wedge can not meet the special forming requirement in the prior art; in addition, lots of die space can be saved.

Description

Multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism
Technical field
The utility model relates to and is widely used in the make progress Wedge mechanism of the oblique flanging and restriking of big stroke of automobile panel in a kind of automobile diel.The Wedge mechanism that the utility model relates in describing is the mechanism based on the punching press automobile panel, but can think that the Wedge mechanism that relates in the utility model description can also be applicable to the structural design of the car panel die that other compound degree is very high.
Background technology
In the prior art, mostly be space curved surface, automobile external covering that physical dimension is big and be shape requirement very complicated, often be difficult to one-time formed punching press product.Widely used Wedge mechanism relates to complicated side flanging, side shaping process in the automobile diel.Prior art Wedge mechanism commonly used is made up of wedge (drive part), slide block (working portion) and other auxiliary equipment usually.The wedge type is divided into two types by the adhering mode of slide block: a kind of is that slide block is attached to lower mold body, and slide block does not break away from counterdie in the whole stroke of forcing press, be called common wedge; Another kind is that slide block is attached to upper die body, and does not break away from patrix in the whole stroke of forcing press, is called lewisson.During work, be fixed in wedge on the die holder with forcing press stroke and transmit the active force of forcing press up and down.Slide block then moves back and forth by " track " of structural design, and the main mold work parts that are installed on the slide block that utilize carry out punch process to product.On version,, can not be applied to the moulding process in the small space though common wedge and lewisson structure are simple, all relatively large.
No matter be common wedge or lewisson, all be that single change moves both vertically and is horizontal movement at work, or become and move both vertically, again or become to move both vertically and be the motion that is inclined upwardly with respect to level to do downward-sloping motion with respect to level.But under some occasion, when having the bigger moulding stroke of special forming shape and needs such as product, only have above-mentioned single movement relation can not satisfy moulding and require, this finishes this type of technological requirement with regard to needing the special entity that can do more direction of motion conversion.Upward flanging and restriking technology with certain vehicle boot-lid inner panel is the complexity that example illustrates the moulding of Wedge mechanism Sheet Metal Forming Technology below.The profile of certain vehicle boot-lid inner panel as shown in Figure 3 is very complicated, and the compound degree of its each operation press work content is higher.Wherein the action of a procedure comprises side deburring, side blow hole, flings the hole and the side flanging shaping etc. that makes progress.Because the action of this procedure is various, guarantee to finish the workpiece mutually noninterfere each other of these actions, require side flanging mechanism structurally necessary compact small and exquisite.Need the place of flanging and restriking to be positioned at the inside of product, the flange profile of screech owl shape needs great moulding stroke.Simultaneously, side flanging mechanism can not exist with product in motion process and interfere, and behind the end-of-job, can not influence the pickup of product, can not hinder the input and the taking-up of product.The Wedge mechanism of common single banking motion relation, its version and working method all can't realize the moulding of similar above-mentioned specific position.For the more and more higher car panel die of the compound degree of operation content, not only the Wedge mechanism difficulty is more and more higher, and requires also more and more higher to the compactedness of a whole set of mould.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be at above-mentioned prior art can't flange formed automobile covering distinctive appearance specific (special) requirements, a kind of structure compact is provided, have the special Wedge mechanism of multilevel composite floating type of multistage direction of motion conversion.To solve the problem that the single banking motion relation of the common wedge of prior art can not realize specially-shaped requirement and common cam die insufficient space.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is, a kind of multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism, comprise, the counterdie side flanging mechanism of multistage slide block is housed, it is characterized in that, also comprise patrix side flanging mechanism, described patrix side flanging mechanism is provided with and is installed on the eccentric swage, and have a slide block of vertical slide guide face and oblique angle slide guide face, the oblique angle face that drives the oblique angle guide plate of going up that the oblique angle slide guide face of slide block is installed on the upper bolster is oppressed, slide relatively along this inclined-plane, move up and down along the side flanging direction simultaneously, finish the side flanging binder.
Be installed in the one-level slide block on the counterdie, drive by the drive block that is positioned at patrix, be installed in secondary slide block on the counterdie split punch by being installed in the secondary drive guide plate on the one-level slide block, and be installed in secondary slide plate on the secondary slide block and secondary slide block guide pin bushing and slidably reciprocate along the slide guide face of secondary drive guide plate, move up and down along product side flanging direction simultaneously, finish the side flanging moulding.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that the direction conversion of doing more physical exercises of the present utility model has realized the big stroke flanging and restriking technology of some automobile panel specific position well.Solved the problem that simple, the single banking motion of common wedge of prior art and lewisson relation can not satisfy specially-shaped shape and the big moulding stroke moulding requirement of needs, solved the path easily and efficiently for Wedge mechanism Sheet Metal Forming Technology moulding complexity and the more and more higher car panel die of compound degree provide.Solve the single banking motion of the common wedge of prior art and concerned the difficult problem that can not realize specially-shaped requirement and common cam die insufficient space.The sleeve mechanism volume is small and exquisite, and the compound motion relation is compact, and flange accurately and reliably, and saved a large amount of die spaces, and the manufacturing cycle is short, low cost of manufacture, has further satisfied the requirement of automobile die lightweight, compact, attractive in appearanceization, has broad application prospects.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is the utility model constructing stereo schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the partial schematic diagram of the utility model Wedge mechanism concrete duty in diel.
Fig. 3 is the luggage-boot lid schematic diagram of prior art vehicle.
Among the figure: 1. die shoe, 2. upper bolster, 3. eccentric swage, 4. split punch, 5. one-level drives guide plate, 6. drive block, 7. backhaul limited block, 8. " L " type guide plate, 9. one-level slide plate, 10. one-level slide block, 11. secondary drive guide plates, 12. secondary slide blocks, 13. the secondary slide plate, 14. one-level slide block backhaul nitrogen springs, 15. secondary slide block guide pin bushings, 16. secondary slide block backhaul nitrogen spring, 17. the counterdie flange insert drives oblique angle guide plate, 19. top shoes on 18., 20. top shoe backhaul nitrogen spring, 21. the top shoe guide pin bushing, 22. patrix flange insert, the spacing anti-switch block of 23. top shoes, 24. the spacing anti-switch block of secondary slide block, 25. flange auricles.
The specific embodiment
Multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, it comprises counterdie side flanging mechanism and patrix side flanging mechanism.Counterdie side flanging mechanism mainly is made up of one-level slide block 10, secondary slide block 12 and the auxiliary equipment and the working part that are installed on the slide block.One-level slide block 10 is installed in counterdie, and the secondary slide block is installed on the split punch 4 of counterdie.One-level slide block 10 is driven by the drive block 6 that is positioned at patrix.Drive block 6 can be split type also can being made of one with upper bolster 2.Secondary slide block 12, top shoe 19 all are guide colume type slide blocks, by coaxial continuous secondary slide block guide pin bushing 15 and top shoe guide pin bushing 21 guiding, spacing to its free degree respectively respectively by the spacing anti-switch block 24 of secondary slide block, the spacing anti-switch block 23 of top shoe that its lower end connects.
In mould was started working the process of upper and lower mould matched moulds, drive block 6 drove guide plate 5 by one-level and drives one-level slide blocks 10, and the motion of vertical direction at this moment is converted to horizontal movement, and this is the same with general Wedge mechanism principle.Along with the horizontal movement of one-level slide block 10, secondary slide block 12 is driven thereupon.Here secondary slide block 12 by be installed on the one-level slide block 10 secondary drive guide plate 11 and be installed in mutual being slidingly matched of a series of auxiliary equipments such as secondary slide plate 13 on the secondary slide block 12, secondary slide block guide pin bushing 15, on another inclined-plane of one-level slide block 10, do relative motion, horizontal movement then can convert the be inclined upwardly motion of certain angle of required level relatively by the intention of design to, and this angle is exactly the angle of side flanging direction.When the stroke of one-level slide block 10 is covered, just at the bottom dead centre of mould, also stop motion of secondary slide block 12, the counterdie flange insert 17 that is installed on the secondary slide block 12 puts in place, and flange is finished.After the die sinking, one-level slide block 10 and secondary slide block 12 reset respectively under the effect of one-level slide block backhaul nitrogen spring 14 and secondary slide block backhaul nitrogen spring 16 respectively.Here retracting spring can also be common spring or cylinder, selects which type of retracting spring to depend on the size of backhaul power and the size of stroke.Consider operation, combination wedge intensity, path increment in the time of can not reaching above-mentioned requirements, can also be set up the rigidity return facilities respectively between drive block 6 and one-level slide block 10 and one-level slide block 10 and secondary slide block 12.The guiding of secondary slide block 12 and spacing flexible design as the case may be, secondary slide block 12 has been made the guide colume type slide block here, by secondary slide block guide pin bushing 15 guiding, use again the spacing anti-switch block 24 of secondary slide block to it spacing and anti-rotation.
Patrix side flanging mechanism mainly is made up of last driving oblique angle guide plate 18, top shoe 19 and the auxiliary equipment and the working part that are installed on the top shoe 19.The drive surface of last driving oblique angle guide plate 18 comprises vertical plane and oblique angle face.Top shoe 19 is installed on the eccentric swage 3, and its slide guide face comprises vertical slide guide face and oblique angle slide guide face.When mould is started working, be installed in the oblique angle slide guide face of the oblique angle face compressing top shoe 19 of going up driving oblique angle guide plate 18 on the upper bolster 2, make top shoe 19 do relative sliding motion along this inclined-plane, at this moment, the motion of vertical direction can convert the motion that required level is relatively made downward-sloping certain angle to by the angle of inclination of adjusting the inclined-plane by the intention of design, and this direction of motion is exactly the opposite direction of side flanging direction.Continuation along with die shoe 1 and upper bolster 2 matched moulds, the oblique angle face of last driving oblique angle guide plate 18 and the oblique angle slide guide face of top shoe 19 stagger mutually, the vertical plane of last driving oblique angle guide plate 18 and the vertical slide guide face of top shoe 19 begin to contact, at this moment, the working part that is installed on the top shoe 19 puts in place, top shoe 19 no longer moves, and upper bolster 1 continues to move downward, and waits for the execution of counterdie side flanging mechanism.Here, the working part on the top shoe 19 has been taken into account the effect of binder and flanging die.The backhaul of top shoe 19, guiding and caging system are identical with counterdie side flanging mechanism, give unnecessary details no longer one by one here.
As shown in Figure 2, in mould is started working the process of upper and lower mould matched moulds, patrix eccentric swage 3 contacts product in advance and it is killed, the oblique angle slide guide face of the oblique angle face compressing top shoe 19 of last driving oblique angle guide plate 18 makes it along top shoe guide pin bushing 21 oblique lower slider, the patrix flange insert 22 that is installed on the top shoe 19 phases in thereupon, and will treat that the root of flange auricle kills.Meanwhile, on drive oblique angle guide plate 18 vertical plane begin to contact with the vertical plane of top shoe 19, at this moment, top shoe 19 no longer moves.Top shoe backhaul nitrogen spring 20 is in pressured state.
In the time of with above-mentioned action, drive block 6 drives guide plate 5 by one-level and drives one-level slide block 10, its level is moved right, secondary drive guide plate 11 on the one-level slide block 10 and then driving secondary slide plate 13, the secondary slide block 12 that is installed on the secondary slide plate 13 then slides obliquely along secondary slide block guide pin bushing 15, being installed in counterdie flange insert 17 on the secondary slide block 12 begins contact and treats the flange zone, at this moment, patrix flange insert 22 has put in place, when the stroke of one-level slide block 10 is covered just at the bottom dead centre of mould, counterdie flange insert 17 puts in place, and flange finishes.One-level slide block backhaul nitrogen spring 14 and secondary slide block backhaul nitrogen spring 16 all are in pressured state.
After the die sinking, patrix rollover mechanism resets under the effect of top shoe backhaul nitrogen spring 20, and counterdie rollover mechanism resets under the effect of one-level slide block backhaul nitrogen spring 14 and secondary slide block backhaul nitrogen spring 16.Patrix rollover mechanism is spacing and prevent its rotation by the spacing anti-switch block of top shoe 23, and counterdie rollover mechanism is spacing and prevent its rotation by the spacing anti-switch block of secondary slide block 24.At this moment, counterdie flange insert 17 returns in the secondary slide block guide pin bushing 15, and patrix flange insert 22 returns in the top shoe guide pin bushing 21, and product after the moulding disconnected from each other does not hinder the operation that drops into and take out product, does not influence the automation of production.
During upward flange moulding, before counterdie flange insert 17 begins to contact product, must guarantee that patrix flange insert 22 puts in place earlier and the extra-regional product of flange is killed that top shoe 19 must stop action after this.At this moment, on drive oblique angle guide plate 18 the vertical drive face begin to contact with the vertical slide guide face of top shoe 19 and do motion vertically downward, guarantee that top shoe 19 is static relatively, tiltedly the flange direction no longer produces stroke.And the stroke of top shoe 19 depends on the shape of product behind the flange height of product and the flange, and its stroke must guarantee that patrix flange insert 22 can throw off product fully after end-of-job, can not influence the pickup of product.
After guaranteeing that patrix flange insert 22 puts in place and product killed, the vertical drive face of the last driving oblique angle guide plate 18 vertical slide guide face of top shoe 19 relatively moves about 5-10mm vertically downward, and counterdie flange insert 17 just can contact product and begin flange moulding action.The stroke of secondary slide block 12 should guarantee that counterdie flange insert 17 can not touch and treat the flange zone before work.After the stroke of secondary slide block 12 was determined, by oblique flange angle and wedge stroke line chart, the stroke of one-level slide block 10 was determined thereupon.
Generally speaking, the stroke of flange height and flange shape decision top shoe 19, the stroke of the stroke decision secondary slide block 12 of top shoe 19, and the stroke of secondary slide block 12 has determined the stroke of the slide block 10 of one-level.
Top shoe 19, secondary slide block 12 that flange insert is installed here generally can be designed to guide colume type, guarantee guiding accuracy by guide pin bushing, have so just solved the guiding problem of slide block, and have made the volume of slide block very small and exquisite.Can design suitable spacing anti-rotation device as the case may be respectively and prevent that limited slip block is deviate from die ontology and contingent rotation in guide pin bushing.The guiding of one-level slide block 10 and spacing and general Wedge mechanism are similar, and backhaul limited block more than 7 uses polyurethane, and the conflict load in the time of can making backhaul like this becomes soft, especially under the very big situation of strength, can reduce the vibration of mould, also have erasure effect simultaneously.

Claims (6)

1. multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism, comprise, the counterdie side flanging mechanism of multistage slide block is housed, it is characterized in that, also comprise patrix side flanging mechanism, described patrix side flanging mechanism is provided with and is installed on the eccentric swage (3), and have (19) of vertical slide guide face and oblique angle slide guide face slide block, the oblique angle slide guide face of slide block (19) is installed in the oblique angle face compressing that going up on the upper bolster (2) drives oblique angle guide plate (18), slide relatively along this inclined-plane, move up and down along the side flanging direction simultaneously, finish the side flanging binder.
2. multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be shaped on vertical, oblique angle drive surface on the last driving oblique angle guide plate (18), and be installed in eccentric swage (3) on be shaped on corresponding oblique angle, vertical slide guide face top shoe (19) be slidingly matched mutually, last driving oblique angle guide plate (18) is installed on the upper bolster (2), and along with the motion of upper bolster (2) drives top shoe (19).
3. multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be installed in the one-level slide block (10) on the counterdie, drive by the drive block that is positioned at patrix (6), be installed in secondary slide block (12) on the counterdie split punch by being installed in the secondary drive guide plate (11) on the one-level slide block (10), and be installed in secondary slide plate (13) on the secondary slide block (12) and secondary slide block guide pin bushing (15) and slidably reciprocate along the slide guide face of secondary drive guide plate (11), move up and down along product side flanging direction simultaneously, finish the side flanging moulding.
4. multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that described drive block (6) is split type, or is made of one with upper bolster (2).
5. multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described secondary slide block (12), top shoe (19) all are guide colume type slide blocks, by coaxial continuous secondary slide block guide pin bushing (15) and top shoe guide pin bushing (21) guiding, spacing to its free degree respectively respectively by spacing anti-switch block of secondary slide block (24) and the spacing anti-switch block of top shoe (23) that its lower end connects.
6. multistage composite motion Wedge mechanism as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, drive block (6) drives guide plate (5) by one-level and drives one-level slide block (10) level to motion, secondary drive guide plate (11) on the one-level slide block (10) drives secondary slide plate (13), the secondary slide block (12) that is installed on the secondary slide plate (13) slides obliquely along secondary slide block guide pin bushing (15), the flange zone is treated in counterdie flange insert (17) contact that is installed on the secondary slide block (12), patrix flange insert (22) and counterdie flange insert (17) successively put in place, the stroke of one-level slide block (10) is covered, and mould arrives bottom dead centre and finishes flange.
CNU2008202228012U 2008-11-21 2008-11-21 Multi-level composite sports wedge mechanism Expired - Lifetime CN201291270Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202228012U CN201291270Y (en) 2008-11-21 2008-11-21 Multi-level composite sports wedge mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202228012U CN201291270Y (en) 2008-11-21 2008-11-21 Multi-level composite sports wedge mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201291270Y true CN201291270Y (en) 2009-08-19

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102423782A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-04-25 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Double-movement inclined wedge device with two grades of pulleys
CN103406445A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-11-27 亿森(上海)模具有限公司 Circular arc whole circle side flanging moving mechanism
CN103611809A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-05 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Lateral flanging/lateral shaping mold for double-action wedge
CN110743972A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-02-04 北京宝沃汽车股份有限公司 Side flanging die

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102423782A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-04-25 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Double-movement inclined wedge device with two grades of pulleys
CN103406445A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-11-27 亿森(上海)模具有限公司 Circular arc whole circle side flanging moving mechanism
CN103611809A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-05 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Lateral flanging/lateral shaping mold for double-action wedge
CN110743972A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-02-04 北京宝沃汽车股份有限公司 Side flanging die

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Granted publication date: 20090819